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T^TTY^ OT^ TTTT^ Ti^ A QT
Amazed England Reads This Morning
That the Czar's Soldiers Hold Constanti
nople-The Greek War not berious
Emperor William's SpeechChinese Con
quest in Asia.
LONDON, Feb. 7.The Advertiser says:
We have reason to believe that the govern
ment has received information of the entry
of the Russian army into Constantinople.
At any rate, if the government is not in pos
session of this news, the Russian embassy is.
The Post says,: The Russians are in Con
stantinople. This was the news last night
current in London, and we incline to think
it is based upon official authentic intelli
gence. The message has come via Alexan
dria. We do not know at this moment
what the precise nature of the occupa
tion is. Accoiding to some diplo
matists, the Russians have possessed
themselves of the two forts in the Boyouk,
and Chekmedje lines. According to
others they have gained still greater advan
tages. The details are of small moment.
Practically all are agreed that the capital of
Turkey and the Key of the East are in the
hands of the Czar. Indignation will be of
little avail. It will be allleged that no de
ception has been practiced and we shall dis
cover that this was one of the terms of the
armistice which was never communicated to
us. Yosterdsy a British military and naval
force could at any moment occupy Constan
tinople, while the Austrian army could cut
the Russian communication. To day
THE SITUATION IS ENTIEELX ALTERED.
The British fleet can no longer advance to
Constantinople, and may find itself o\ en
barred out at the Daidanellea. The Czai
can now afford to laugh at Austrian menaces,
since his communications are open from
Constantinople to Odessa or Sobastopol. Our
pottering over a trumpery six millions will
probably cost us ten times that sum, but,
whatever the cost, it i5 shll to be hoped that
the country will see its honor vindicated.
This direct attack upon our honor will raise
a feeling of resentment not to be appeased,
until we have taught our foe that we havo
the will and power to punish chicanery, and
maintain the empire which ho is seeking to
A special from Paris says the report is cur
rent there that the Russians already hold a
post on the Dardanelles.
The Times, in its leader, says: We aie
not altogether confident that Prince Gots
chakoff has definitely announced the en
trance of any Russian troops into Constanti
nople, Rumors were afloat last night that
some such entraneo had already been made
or was on the point of being made. At the
utmost such occupation could be only of
such a nominal character as the German en
traneo into Paris. Theie is. in short,
every appaient giound for confi
dence in the prospect before us, and no solid
reason for alarm. The Tnnes bases its con
fidence on the specific anticipations ex
pressed in the German Emperor's speech and
deprecates beforehand any outburst of ex
citement. If Russia were to aim at a posi
tion in the east which would damage the just
interests of Austria and Germany, a word
from Emperor William would at once check
The Daily Telegraph says: According to
latest information from Constantinople the
Russiar forces, despite the completion of the
preliminaries for peace aie hastily pushing
on to Gallipoli and Constantinople. These
SEBIOUS AND MENACING
in the extreme will have to be considered
by the ministers in cabinet council to-day.
The issue of their deliberations will in all
probability be this Q\ eumg communicated to
The Telegraph is iurious in its comments
on the course of Russia.
A special dated at Paris, midnight, says,
the Russian forces are constantly advancing
on Gallipoli and Constantinople.
ON THE DANUBE.
A special to the Standard from Pesth
announces that the Turkish men-of-war on
the Danube have been surrendered to Rus
A special to the Vienna Prcbse from Tir
nava states that the Turkish men-of-war
have alieady left Sulina and Varna. The
Turks have agreed to evacuate Varna.
The Standard's Pesth special says the
evacuation has alieady commenced.
TUBKIBH LEADEBS FOB KUSSIAN ALLIANCES.
A correspondent at Adrianople states an
interview with Server Pasha, who declared
that Turkey had been misled and encour
aged to fight on by the promise of English
support. particularly accused Lords
Beaconsfield and Layard of encouraging
this belief, and he had documents which
he would publish. He declared that he had
now become a partisan of the Russian policy
and alliance. Server Pasha's colleagues at
Adrianople confirmed his statements.
A LIBEEAL SECESSION.
sThe Post, in an article evidently written
before the reports of the Russian occupation
of Constantinople were received, says: We
understand a section of the liberals is likely
to make representations to the Marquis of
Hartington with a view of inducing him to
prevent Forster's amendment from being
pressed to a division.
An Athens correspondent says: In conse
quence of the representations of the powers
Greece seems disposed to stop the further
advance of her troops, referring the question
of their withdrawal to the decision of the
conference. She also demands pending such
decision that hostilities against the insur
gents in Crete be suspended.
ATHENS, Feb. 6.The reported capture of
Donoco is false. There has been no colli
sion yet between the Turks and Greeks.
Citizens and peasants are arriving to pro
tect Athens. The foreign representatives
having assured the government that the
Hellenic provinces of Turkey wonld be pro
tected, and the Greek question submitted to
the approaching conference, the government
has ordered the advance of the army across
the frontier stopped. Warlike preparations,
S T. PETEBSBUBG, Feb. 6,Russia rejects
V/-L _L-L.LJ_J JUxxlOX. na or any other great capital. It considers
the tranquility of a small town of a minor
state and the authority that would be given
SEIZED BY THE RUSSIA* ARMY.
conference in Vien-
th to deliberations -by the presence of foreign
ministers of the powers, necessary for ensur
ing a good and faithful result. Moreover Rus
sia believed this would favor speedy dis
posal by the conference of the important
questions it would have to deal with in the
interest of lasting peace and of humanity.
VIENNA, Feb. 6.Russia's reply to the in
vitation to the conference arrived to-day. It
is in the affirmative, but declares that Russia
would prefer another place of meeting.
A Belgrade special says: Servia asked
Russia for admission to the conference, with
a consultative voice.
OTHEB NOTABLE APFAIBS.
PABIS, Feb. 6.The Duke De Cayes will
be proposed for a life Senatorship again to
morrow, to fill a vacancy caused by the
death of General Dourellp Paladines,
but ten or twelve Legitimists who cannot
forgive his recall of Oronogue from Civita
Vecchia will still oppose him.
LONDON, Feb. 6.1% believed the lock
out of the Northumberland miners, which
has lasted eight weeks, will terminate in a
few days by the men accepting 12j^ per
cent, reduction in their wages
BERLIN, Feb. 6.A rumor is received that
Osman Pasha will be court marshaled on the
charge of ordering the execution of prisoners
CHINESE CONQUESTS IN ASIA.
LONDON, Feb. 6.Intelligence has reached
St. Petersburg that Bey Khuli Bey, Emir of
Kashgar, has arrived at Tashkena. He ad
mits his inability to oppose the Chinese.
The Russian frontier is crowded with Kash
garian refugees, who say the Chinese are
perpetrating frightful atrocities in Kashgar.
All the towns formerly held by Kakook Bey
have submitted to the Chinese, and the
Khanate of Kashgaria has ceased to exist.
EMPEBOK WILLIAM'S SPEECH.
BERLIN, Feb. 6. The German Parliament
was opened to-day by Herr Camphamsen,
Vice President of the council of ministers,
who read the speech from the throne. I
the passage lelating to foreign affairs, the
emperor expresses the hope that speedy
peace will enable the principles of the Con
stantinople conference to be applied and
durably established. The comparatively
slight participation of Germany in Eastern
affairs allows the empire to display disinter
ested co-operation in the arrangements that
may be made by the powers concerning fu
ture guarantees against the recurrence of
trouble the East, and for the amelioration
of the condition of the Christian population.
Meantime the emperor's policy had attained
its object inasmuch as it had essentially con
tributed to the preservation of peace between
the European poweis and the relations of
Germany with all the poweis remained not
only peaceful but altogether friendly.
The imperial speech also .stated that the
budget, which will be presented immediately,
showb that the empire's financial require
ments increase faster than the revenues. It
is unadvisable to cover tho deficit by increas
ing the contribution of individual estates,
but preferable to stiengthen the imperial
revenues. Bills will be submitted levying
an imperial stamp duty and incieasing
the tobacco tax. Tho balance of the deficit
must be met by a loan.
With a view to filling a hiatus in tho con
stitution, a bill which is now under discus
sion in the federal council will shortly be in
troduced, pioviding for the appointment of
substitutes to fulfil all or a part of the func
tions of the impeiial chancellor.
LONDON, Feb. 7.Report that James Low
ther was to be appointed chief secictary for
Iieland, is officially denied.
Horse and Buggy Stolen from a Church
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBE.]
MINNEAPOLIS, Feb. 7.Last evening Mr.
F. A. Baker, who resides on the corner of
Sixth Street and Thirteenth Avenue, South
east Division, attended a prayer meeting at
the Friends church, and while engaged in
prayers, his black maie with buggy and a
black robe and one light robe was stolen
from the front or the church where it
A farmer's team, with whiffle trees attached,
came tearing up First avenue north last
evening and ran into old Nobock's baker
wagon, which was standing on First street,
tearing it all to pieces and scattering pies,
cakes, etc., over about one acre of ground.
The old man would not be consoled at his
A ComplimentLegislative Proceedings
Death oi the Son of Gen. Atwood.
[Special Telegram to the THE GLOBE.]
MADISON, Wis., Feb. G.In the Senate to
day Jack Turner resigned the Chief Clerk
bhip and Chaies E. Bross was complimented
by the unanimous vote of the Senate as his
successor. A resolution was offered for an
amendment to the constitution to make the
school age from six to twenty-one. Bills
weie introduced to re-organize the judicial
circuits in relation fco publication of
the geological survey and for the preserva
tion of public records. The resolution fixing
the date at the 12th of February for cutting
off new business, was concurred in. Reso
lutions asking for the repeal of the resump
tion act was made the special order a
week from to-day. In the assembly bills
were introduced for a bridge across the
Mississippi at Trempeleau legulating the
practice of medicine relating to the exemp
tion of lands of the Winnebago and Lake
Superior & Portage railroad companies re
lating to the conveyance of lands to the
Sturgeon Bay ship company and relating to
the building of a pier in Green Bay.
Chas. D. Atwoood, Jr., editor of" the State
Journal, son of General David Atwood. for
several years vice consul at Liverpool, died
this morning, aged 28. His disease was of
the ear to commence with, but turned to
pneumonia. He was a young man of bril
liant promise, and his death is much re
Memphis Shooting: Record.
MEMPHIS, Term., Feb. 6.The case of
Jailor Dawson who accidentally killed Cor
nelius Griffiing yesterday, while shooting at
a negro man, has been brought before the
grand jury. It is said Dawson was under
the influence of liquor at the time.
About 1 o'clock this morning officer Res
hemeyer, while on duty near the Mississippi
& Tennessee depot heard a shot fired in a
shanty near by and the screams of a woman.
Running towards the house the officer met
Bob King, a notorious negro, running out
and ordered him to halt. King instantly
fired, striking the officer in the jaw, inflicting
a fatal wound this morning it was ascer
tained that shot an fatally
ed Laur,,t"/'Kingoha,drcoloreds,dand Bernshell was fleeing
S fa he ha escaped arrest
RUNG If THE SENATE YESTERDAY.
Thurman, Reman and Christiancy Speak
Their PiecesThe tatter's titt le Joker
The House Hesitates to Decide Upon the
California Contested SeatWhy Utah
Will Not be Made a State.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6.Senator Davis, of
Illinois, said there was an immense meeting
of citizens of Chicago, the 13th of Decem
ber last, to give expression to an opinion on
the silver bill. Upwards of five thousand
persons attended the meeting, and every sen
timent uttered favoring the bill now before
the Senate met with enthusiastic response.
By some oversight the proceedings of the
meeting, which were intended for presenta
tion to Congress, were not sent here until
now. then quoted from the pre
amble and resolutions adopted, which favor
remonetization of silver, and declare the
government cannot waive its right to pay the
bonds in silver or gold. Laid on the table,
the bill now being before the Senate.
Senator Davis said, accompanying the'pro
ceedings were extracts from the speech of
Mr. Sherman in the Senate January 27,1869,
and also from speeches of Webster and Clay,
which tho petitioners desired him to have
read at the clerk's desk but, as he understood
such a clause would be in violation of the
rules, he would not ask for reading of the
Senator Ferry presented a petition of
wool-growers of Michigan, remonstrating
against any change in the duty on foreign
Senator Bruce presented a jomt resolution
of the Mississippi Legislature in favor of
remunerating certain citizens of Mississippi,
mill owners and logmen, for damages sus
tained by them on accont of the seizure of
certain lumber and logs in the lumber dis
trict by agents of the United States. Re
The Senate bill to remit taxes on insolvent
savings banks was called up by Senator
Davis, of Illinois, and discussed until the
expiration of the morning hour, when con
sideration of the silver bnl was resumed and
Senator Thurman spoke in favor thereof.
Senator Thurman argued that silver and
gold had been the metallic money of thecation,
world for thousands of years. They were
also tho money of the constitution. They
were the metallic money of the colonies and
afterward of the United States, from the
declaration of independence until silver was
demonetized by a mistake and without the
knowledge of the people or Congress, by the
enactment of the revised statutes in 1874.of
Both metals are suited to perform the func
tions of money, and silver does perform that
function among a large majority of the
human race. Silver is especially suited for
small transactions and may therefore be
properly called the money of people in
humble circumstances. It follows that the
burden of proof rests on those who insist
that silver should be demonetized.
It is argued that to leliabihlate the silver
dollar of 412} grains would clefJiajjd^the
public creditors. This cannot be true7 foi
the contract is to pay in either gold or sil
ver of the standard value of the United
States- on July 14th, 1870, when the silver
dollar of 412} grains was a full legal ten
der, with the right of nnlimited coinage, and
it is bimply impossible that a party peform
ing his contract, entered into by both par
ties, with full knowledge of its terms and
effect, can thereby be guilty of fraud or dis
honor. Both houses of Congiess have by
overwhelming majorities decided that no
such fraud would be perpetrated by paying
the public creditors in the silver dollars of
412J^ grains. If remonetizing silver will
biing it to par with gold the public creditor
It is said that to coin the silver dollar of
412% grains and make it a full legal tender
would defraud individual creditors who have
loaned money or sold property to other in
dividuals since silver was demonetized, that
is, since June 22d, 1874. This is a great
mistake. Every creditor of the foregoing
description is compelled by law to receive
greenbacks in payment, unless his contract
expressly provides for payment in metallic
money, and the exceptional cases are not af
fected by the bill under consideration. Now,
no one, I think, doubts that if the coinage of
the dollar of 412V grains be restored and it
be made a full legal tender, its value will be
at least equal to that of the greenback.
Hence no possible injury to individual
creditors, such as that above supposed, can
occur, if, as has been asserted, the average
duration of individual debts in the United
States is about ten years, (I think it is less.)
Then it is easy to see that the passage of this
bill cannot injure any considerable number
of creditors, if, indeed, it should injure
any, for it is certain that in the next two
years not over 50,000,000 silver dollars could
be coined, and nearly every such dollar would
be absorbed by the payment of customs du
ties, and wonld be used for nothing else.
It is agreed that if this |bill pass, silver
will be a less valuable currency than gold,
and will expell gold from the country, in ac
cordance with what is called Gresham's law
namely, that the least valuable currency
drives out the more valuableand hence,
several amendments have been offered to
increaee the number of grains in the Bilver
dollar, so as to make it an equivalent, as it
is said, of the gold dollar. The objection to
the bill rests upon the assumption that
the silver dollar of 412^ grains, if
made full legal tender, will be of less
value than the gold dollar. Mr. Thurman
argued that this assumption was incorrect
and said: "If the greenback, which has no
intrinsic value, no circulation outside of the
United States, and is but of limited legal
tender even here, is yet within less than two
per cent, of par with gold, why should not
silver money, which has intrinsic value and
which circulates over the greater part of the
globe, if endorsed with the full legal tender
faculty, rise to par with goldespecially if
we rate the metals at 15 98-100 to 1, while
most other nations using both give but 15%
One reeson why greenbacks have been and
are depreciated is the fact that they have not
been receivable in payment of customs du
ties or of interest on the public debt, but
make the silver dollar of 412% grains a full
legal tender and it will be receivable for
both these purposes and it must closely ap
proximate if it does not reach par with gold.
I believe it will reach it, but suppose it does
not, and suppose Gresham's law to have its
effect, to what extent would gold be expelled
from the country by silver? Manifestly only
so far as silver supplanted it. Three hundred
millions in gold could not be driven
out by the issue of fifty millions in silver.
The utmost effect could only be to expel fifty
millions of gold, the place of which would,
be taken by silver, and the volume of metal
lic money would be the same. But would
the fifty millions be expelled? Not unless
three hundred million was all the metallic
money that the country needed. If it needs
three hundred and fifty million, and it needs
more to safely and certainly maintain specie
payments, the gradual addition of fifty mill-
ST. PAUL THURSDA MORNING, FEBRUAR 7, 1878.
ion in silver to five hundred million of gold
would not drive gold out. But in truth we
have not the half of three hundred million
in gold, and when we consider how slow will
be the process of coining silver dollars we
will find we are in no immediate danger of
losing our gold.
If gold be expelled it will not be so much
by silver currency as by our small notes.
Whether the people of the United States
would ever give up the use of small notes he
would not venture to predict, but if they
would not they must agree with the United
States that metallic money shall be shorn of
one of its functions, that of a circulating
Another set of reasoners argued that silver
would go out of the country should the dol
lar of 412% grains be coined that as silver
was undervalued in the dollar of 412%
grains, as compared with its valuation in the
states of the Latin Union, it will leave here
and flow into those states, and so it tends to
do were those states to open their mints to
an unlimited coinage of five-franc pieces but
he thought they would not do so.
Another objection to the bill was, if it
should become a law we would be flooded
with silverthat Germany would pour her
surplus silver on us and our mines would
produce so much that we would have more
than we knew what to do with. He had no
fears from Germany. It was said she had
$80,000,000 to spare. Suppose it was all
poured into the United States. We could
absorb it all without injury. But it would
not be poured into this country. Ger
many could not spare her silver but if she
could, the greater part of it would be much
more likely to go to Asia and to Russia, Aus
tria and Spain, to say nothing of the Latin
States, than to come to the United States,
who undervalue silver as compared with the
rest of the world. We did not think we
had anything to fear from an excessive pro
duct of four mints. He was considered an
inflationist but he knew of no valid reason
against enlarging our specie basis and if we
are to have and maintain specie payments
it must be enlarged.
Another objection to the bill was the well
known argument against bi-metallism. Most
gloemy pictures have been drawn of the
ruin that would befall our country if we adopt
bi-metallism. He argued that it was by no
means certain that the standard value was
less variable in a monometallic than it was
in a bi-metallic country. An absolutely un
varying standard of value was an impossi
bility. Had there ever been a more prosper
ous country than the United States from 1789
to 1861? Did any nation ever exceed the
progress we made in population, wealth, edu
refinement and the general well-being
of the people in these seventy-two years?
And yet during all that period we had bisaid
metallism, for we gave no preference to gold
over silver or to silver over gold. These metals
fluctuated then as they have done since
and probably ever will do, but no
American statesman of that period thought
demonetizing either. And now let us
turn to Europe for a momentwhat do we
hear? The waitings of thousands of labor
ing men, women and children, thrown out
ot employment. The cries of anguish of
thousands of other men who but a year ago
were rich, but are now bankrupts. In a
word, the same notes of sorrow that so affect
our ears in our own distressed land. But
from what countries do they mainly come
Fiom twogold and non metallic, England
and gold non-metallic, Germanywhile bi
metallic France, the land of silver as well as
gold, enjoys prosperity hardly exceeded by
that of any people on earth
It had been argued that our foreign com
merce would be destroyed, would be dis
jointed, by the pending bill. Had we not
carried on business during the past sixteen
years with an incontrovertible paper cur
rency, and was not the balance of trade in
Again, it has been argued that the national
credit would be destroyed. How destroyed?
By the United States paying our bonds as
we promised to pay them. The United
States needs no such prop as a single gold
standard to support its credit. The rehim
sources of this country are too well known
for her credit to be injured. He longed to
see our indebtedness held at home^
and not abroad, so there would ben
no annual drain from America to enrich
Europe. A telegram this morning informed
us that six hundred thousand dollars worth
of our bonds were on the way home from
England, they would be getting back there
soon. Whether the bill passed or not, the
interest upon our bonds was greater than
that upon any safe European stocks. If our
bonds should be sent home, they must find
purchasers in the United States and suppose
they should find such purchasers, would not
every one in the land be glad that our bonds
were held at home? The English debt was
held by Englishmen, the French debt by
Frenchmen, and he hoped the day would
come when the American debt would be held
Our currency would continue to be small
paper money. The problem for Congress to
solve was upon what basis it should rest.
We could not maintain paper currency, con
vertible at all times into coin, unless we em
ployed silver as well as gold for its base.
Unless silver should be made a full legal
tender the idea of specie payment in the
United States will soon be abandoned.
Every opponent to -an irredeemable paper
currency and every friend of specie currency
should insist upon the full remonetization
If this bill should become a law its ten
dency would be to put a stop to the demon
etization of silver in other countries. Should
we postpone the remonetization of silver un
til trcompact with other nations be made it
would never be remonetized. He hoped our
country would be ranged by the side of the
bi-metallic States. Let the commercial
world know we do not intend to abandon
the use of silver.
Silver was an American product. Many
millions of dollars and the labor of thousands
of men were employed in its production in
this country, and to destroy or cripple this
industry would be cruel and unjust.
SENATOB KEBNAN SPEAKS.
Senator Kernan said he would be glad if
we could hold our bonds at home, but as
compared with European countries, ours was
a new country and needed capital, as cheap
as possible, to develop our industries and
our resources. If the action of Congress in
passing, this bill, should bring home our
bonds from abroad, our capital would be
fastened in them, and would be diminished
to that extent in developing our resources.
He referred to the passage of the Matthews
resolution, and said it stopped at .once the
funding of our debf at 4 per cent. That
resolution was bringing bad: our bonds, and
this was detrimental to our wellfare. This
bill, should it pass, wonld not bring the
relief expected to the laboring classes.
This bill was a step in the wrong direction,
either to alleviate the sufferings of our
countrymen or to prevent their occurrence
in the future. He spoke of a sound, stable
currency as being essential to the prosperity
of the-country, and referring to the green
back currency history during and since the
war he said: Few men would doubt that
firmness, patience and economy were the
coin with which they must be redeemed. He
was afraid that the passage of this bill wonld
take us back to irredeemable paper currency.
He thought Congress had better legislate so
as to feel its way, step by step, and not be
pushed into an irredeemable paper currency.
He favored making the silver dollar worth
more intrinsically, say 434 grains or 430
grains. The legislation should be such as to
keep silver subordinate to gold coin, and
after a time, by tr aties with other nations,
the two metals might be brought together.
Senator Christiancy said he would again
venture to trespass upon the Senate, and he
did so for the purpose of referring to the re
port of the silver commission which had
been quoted from during this debate. He
argued that that report was the product of
one or more of the zealous advocates of the
remonetization of silver and probably gave
too much weight to facts favorable to remon
etization. He quoted from that report and
argued that there were many points to be
considered against the remonetization of
silver. It had been claimed that there
was an insufficient volume of currency
in the country that caused the pres
ent hard times. denied that such
was the case and contended that the present
distress throughout the country was caused by
the extravagance which prevailed after the
war. The people had at last woke up to the
fact that all were in debt and none could pay.
During the past few months, however, con
fidence was being restored, and all things
were working well, until this ill-omened bill
came into the Senate. He thought the pres
ent a very inopportune time tofixthe rela
tive value between gold and silver. In con
clusion he submitted a substitute for the
pending bill, and it was ordered printed.
Senator Ransom submitted the following
Besohed, That the secretary of the treiisu
ry be and hereby is directed to report as soon
as may be piacticable, the present condition
and state of efficiency of the life-saving ser
vice on the coast of South Carolina, and in
what respects the same, in his judgment needs
increase or improvement in order to make
the same of the greatest benefit.
Resolved, That the secietary of the navy
be and hereby is directed to report as soon
as may be, any information relative to the
disaster to the Huron, that may affect the
improvement and security of navigation on
the coast of North Carolina, and in what re
spects, in his judgment, greater improvement
and security may be obtained.
liisoTCC7, That the committee on com
merce be and is hereby authorized to take
into consideration the expediency of so im
proving inland navigation between the
waters of Norfolk haibor and Curiituck. Al
bemarle, and Pimlico sound, and also Cape
Fear river, as to furnish a safer and better
channel of communication between the
States than those now existing, and that
committee have lea\ to report by bill
Senator Ransom, in explanation of thepression
resolutions, said they had been suggested bj
the melancholy loss of the Huron and Me
tropolis on the coast of North Caiolina, He
spoke of the dangers of that coast, but siid
he appreciated the power of the federal gov
ernment, the advantages of science, and the
skill of engineers, and he had faith that this
dread curse to our shipping might fall undei
them. Hatteras stood as an ocean Blue Beaid
leading to a chamber of death. We paid a
half million dollars for a ship and she went
down on that coast with her buzden of young
and gallant lives. He proposed that the gov
ernment Bhould not relax in its duty until
Hatteras light should be one of safety in
stead of a wrecker's beacon. He alluded to
the recent reports in regard to the people of
North Carolina not providing for sufferers
and said he had made careful inquiry about
the matter. The leports were grossly false
and had been denounced by the citizens of
the Currituck co-antry. knew people
who lived on that sea and wind-ridden beach.
They were honest, virtuous and humane.
The first two resolutions were agreed to
and the third one was referred.
Senator Teller withdrew the amemend
ment to the silver bill in regard to issuing
certificates for silver bullion, submitted by
yesterday, and said he would submit it
sometime hereafter as an independeut prop
Senator Blaine then took the floor to speak
upon the silver bill, with the understanding
that he would proceed with his remarks to
morrow. The Senate then went into execu
tive session, and when the doors were re
House of Representatives.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6.On motion of Mr.
Cox, of New York, a resolution was adopted
directing the committee on commeice to in
quire into the causes of the wreck of tho Me
tropolis and whether any legislation is neces
sary to prevent unseaworthy vessels going to
Mr. Peddie offered a resolution reciting
that the trade dollar is being refused by the
post offices of the country and only received
by merchants at a discount of eight to ten
per cent., and directing the secretary of the
treasury to stop the coinage of trade dollars.
He thought the government should not issue
a coin it would not itself receive.
Mr. BrightYou have nothing to do but
remonetize silver and it will be all right.
The resolution was referred.
Mr. Stephens offered a resolution author
izing the President to invite an international
monetary commission to consider and recom
mend uniformity in the value and coinage of
gold and silver. Referred.
Mr. Muldrow, of Misoissippi, introduced a
bill making the department of agriculture an
executive department. Referred.
Mr. Butler, of Massachusetts, asked leave
to offer a resolution for adjournment of the
House to-day at 3, after which time the hall
shall be at the disposal of Mrs. Isabella D.
Hooker, for the purpose of delivering an
argument upon the constitutional right of
women to vote.
Mr. Eden objected.
Mr. Springer, from the committee on elec
tions, called up the report of that commit
tee, the Pacheco-Wigginton contested
election case from the fourth district of Cal
ifornia. The majority report declaring
Wigginton entitled to a seat, and the minor
ity declaring Pacheo elected. Speeches were
made by Springer in support of the majority
report, and by iVait hi support of the
Mr. Leonard said from the evidence
it appeared the contestant and contestoi
had received an equal number of votes, and
he offered as a substitute an amendment de
claring that neither Pacheco nor Wigginton
had been elected. He had pained some of
his party friends by declaring that he could
not vote with his party on this question. He
had been told that it was his duty to cast his
vote as a judge with his party. If so foul a
doctrine as that was to be applied
in courts of judgment, let the mean
nes of the deed be acknowledged.
There was no necessity for adding hypocricy
to villainy. If judges were to vote according
to their party proclivities, let the House do
away with the farce of contested elections.
Mr. Garfield said the questMp had nar
rowed down to a very fine point, and he
could not, until he studied that question ma
turely, say how he would vote. The matter
went over without action, and the House ad
Christiancy's Substitute Bill.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6.The substitute of-
ferred by Senator Christiancy to-day for the
pending silver bill provides for the coinage of
silver dollars of 412% grains at the mints
of the United States, but that gold shall be
the standard of value. The present subsid
iary silver corns are to be legal tender in
all cases to the amount of $100. Silver dol
lars and subsidiary coin and silver bars,
stamped at the mints or New York assay
office with their weight and fineness, and
trade dollars, are to be made a legal ten
der according to their market value, to be
fixed monthly by the secretary
of the treasury. The treasurer
of the United States and the director
of the mint, on a gold valuation, in accord
ance with the current rates of the markets of
the world, which valuation is to be promul
gated and published in the principal com
mercial cities of the United States. In fix
ing the value of the coins, the cost of coin
age is to be added.
The substitute further provides that
United States legal tender notes may be re
deemed, upon presentation, with silver at
the valuations fixed*as above and when re
deemed shall not again be issued
but placed to the credit of the
sinking fund. Owners of silver bullion are
permitted to deposit it, and receive in return,
certificates redeemable at the place of wne,
in silver bars, at the fixed valuation.
Senator Christiancy said this was a propo
sition upon which both sides could unite.
Those who believed silver would appreciate,
would have silver at its real value, ahd thosa
who believed it would main at a disconnt,
would find in this measure a safeguard
31 i scella eo us.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6.The hous commit
tee on elections to-dev heard the reading of
the majority report oi the sub- committee in
favor of Ackhn, Democrat, against Darrall,
Republican, the sitting member in the Lou
isiana contested election case. The minority
report is to be pi evented at a subsequent
Delegate Cannon's bill for admisson of
Utah as a State, will be reported on ad
versely by the House sub-committee on ter
ritories. The determmatin is based on the
fact that the admission of Utah would clothe
tho Mormon priesthood with State
Cause for its. Existence in iiijfclsunl~Ouc of
which is Increase of American Exports.
LONDON, Feb. 6.At the annual meeting
of the Manchester chamber of commeice the
president submitted the results of a careful
examination of the cause of the present de
in trade. He stated that o\er-pro-
ductir-n, foreign competition, and legislation
limiting the hours of labor, weie tut- princi-
pal causes. urged that more control
bhould be used over undue enterprise in cot
ton manufactuie, for abnormal extensions
piomoted competition, which at last culmi
nated in penodical visitations of depression.
As to foieign competition ho baid: Gei
many. Austria, Italy and Holland had les
sened their imports of woven goods,whilo
Belgium was so nearly our equal that it had
imported both woven goods and yarns into
Gi eat Britain for several years. America
has also gained early upon us, her exports
of cotton goods to the conntry La-ving in
creased ficm 15,830 pounds in 1870, to 151,-
87 pounds in 1876.
Regarding the labor question he said:
When null owners obtained the passage of
the act limiting the hours of labor to 9%"
per day, they did it without having a proper
regard to the advantages therebj obtained
by foreign competitors. The fact was in
contestible that whatever the superiority of
manufacture or the power ef production we
might have, it was, to a cousidsrable extent,
thrown away since the English pioduction
of 9% houis had to compete with a day's
woik of 11 or 13 hours abroad with lower
wages. He regretted to say he could see lit
tle or no immediate hope of a renewal of
Examination of the Charges Made Against
Falsifying the Condition of the Krie Com
NEW YOKK, Feb. 6.The examination of
Receiver Jewett, of the Erie railway, was
begun to-day. Police Justice Morgan de
cided favor of the claim of the prosecu
tion that the examination should proceed.
He aL declined to accept an oler of bail,
tho court tofixthe amount. The bondsmen
offered by Mi. Jewett were ex-Gov. Morgan,
Marshall O. Roberts, R. Sheriff and Henry Y.
Stebbins, or any two of them the court
accepted. The counsel for Mr. Jewett en
tered a piotest against the examination,
which had not proceeded when a writ of
habeas corpus and certiorari, issued by Judge
Donohue of the Supreme Court, returnable
this afternoon, was served on Judge Morgan
and brought the pioceedings to a close.
Judge Morgan was cited to appear before the
former and produce all the testimony taken
in the case. The examination was then ad
journed till to-morrow to await Judge Dono
hue's decision as to whether bail should be
accepted in the case or not.
Charles Barrett, an expert accountant, who
had made an examination of the balance
sheets in December, testified that the total
amount of the funded debt of the company
for 1877, was $63,824,376, and the floating
debt $4,861,533. There were items amount
ing to 292,858 which he was doubtful about
classifying as floating debt, and did not so
Anderson's Case to go to the Jury To-moi
rowWell's Bond Reduced.
NEW OBLEANS, Feb. 6.H. C. Costellanos
argued for the defence in the Anderson trial.
He held that the crime charged had not been
established that the consolidated statement
offered in evidence is not a public record,
being not certified by the clerk of the dis
trict court and said the alleged conversation
at the Four Seasons restaurant had been de
nied by all who were present and had been
on the stand. The argument was closed to
night by Attorney General Ogden. Judge
Whittaker will write out bis charge, which
will not be given to the jury before to-mor
Wells is still in jail, although his bond
has been reduced to 10,000.
WAREH O USEMEN.
Important Decision in Fa-v or of Diamond
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBE.J
LAKE CrxY, Peb. 6.The decision of Judge
Mitchell, of the 3d judicial district in the
case of Diamond Joe Reynolds against the
Grange Warehouse Co. of this city, for dam
ages on shortage of grain purchased by said
warehouse company for him during the past
year, was received here to-day, such decision
being in favor of the plaintiff, to the tune of
ten thousand five hundred dollars. The case
willprobobly be carried to the supreme
NUMBE 2 4
UNLl CKY CO-OPERATORS.
Hea \y Judgment Against Two Grange
Warehouse Companies and Their Stock
[Special telegram to THE GLOBE]
WINONA, Minn., Feb. 6.Judge Mitchell,
of the district court, to-day filed hia derision
in the suit brought by Joseph Reynolds,
manager of the Diamond Jo line, against the
Grangers Warehouse company of Lake City,
and the stockholders thereof. The suit was
brought to recover a shortage of several
thousand bushels of wheat, amounting to ten
thousand five hundred dollars. The judg
ment is for the plaintiff, and affects about
seventy persons as stockholders, many being
prominent farmers in Wabasha county.
In the case of D. D. Foss & Co., against
the Kasson Grange Wareheuse company,
Judge Mitchell has also given judgment for
plaintiffs. The suit involves about ten
Executive Committee of Sons of Temper-
anceWinona County Alliance.
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBB.]
WINONA, Minn., Feb. 6.The State execu
tive committee of Sons of Temperance are
in session here. A county convention of
temperance organizations was held here to
daj and formed the Winona County Tem
perance Alliance. About fifty delegates were
THE PAGE EXAMINATION.
Tho IIoue Judiciary Committee Will Try
the Ca*e--Witnesses Summoned for Page's
The House judiciary committee had a
meeting yesterday morning, and had under
consideration its power to call witnesses for
the defence of Judge Sherman Page, as his
counsel desired. After some discussion the
committee arrived at the conclusion that
the House lesolution instructed them to
examine the case pro and con, and not mere
ly to establish a prima facie case, if such
were to be found. They, therefore, consented
to the lequest that witnesses be summoned,
and subpoenas were issued for the following
pei sons: O. B. Morse, O. W. Case, D. B.
Coleman, J. D. Rugg, and Andrew Knor,
foreman of the grand jury, C.
J. Felch, H. E. Tanner, A. J.
Fiench, A. J. Hunt, ex-Mayor D. B. Smith
Fiank Tickner, Fred Allen, F. A. Ingles, R.
N. Paden, F. A. Richardson, O. N. Wheeler,
A. W. Shaw, A. E. Meggs, M. J. Severance of
Mankato, Gordon E. Cole of Faribault, at
torney for Davidson & Basford. W. H, Mer
rick attorney. Judge W. H. MitchelTof the
Vvmona dibtrici, Judge D. A.Dickinson of
the Muikate district, D. T. ilorgan, court
reporter: J. M. Greenman, attorney O. E,
Wheeler, attorney, nud J. E. 'Phillips.
home of thebe witnesses aie already In the
city, and the committee will proceed with
the examination to-morrow, at 9 o'clock.
Sergeant-at-aims Slotton took his departure
yesterday afternoon for Mankato, Austin and
other points, to summon the witnesses above
Frisco Gold BuiH Kcsolve.
SAN FKANCISCO, Feb. 6.The chamber of
commeice. at a special meeting to-day, dis
cussed the silver question and adopted reso
lutions strongly protesting against the pass
age of the Bland silver bill, the ropeal of the
"resumption act, and the use of silver other
than a subsidiary coin.
ALL AKOU.ND THK GLOBE.
Abram M. Smith, one of the proprietors
of Ihe Metropolitan hotel at Washington,
died last night.
The New York Senate has agreed to the
Assembly resolution placing flour, leached
ashts and petroleum on the free list of canal
Juan Mai tincz, a well known dealer and
commission merchant of New York, fatally
shot himself yesterday.
The President has nominated John G.
Paol for collector of customs at Sandusky,
A score of railway managers at Chicagojare
wrestling with freight problems affecting the
Weather indications: Cloudy, occasional
rain and snow areas, colder northwest winds,
and rising barometer.
Omaha and Conned Bluffs are unanimous
and enthusiastic protectant i against the
paasage of Chaffee's Union Pacific bU.
The famous circus libel case at Cincinnati,
Logan vs. Bainam, Coup and others, resulted
in a verdict for $40,000 against the defend
Henry Schemehl, pedestrian, at New Or
leans completed hit. 18Gth mile at 10:30 last
evening, in sp endid condition and confi
Sacramento City is in no danger from the
flood in its river, but it is feared that the
farms and orchards below are damaged an
aggregate of $1,000,000 or more.
The Pennsylvania Senate has resolved
unanimou&ly favor of congressional regu
lations, and limitation of railway charges on
Augustus M. iurney, teller of the bank
of North America, New York City, has been
found to be a defaulter in the sum of $100,
600. has been arrested and $16,000 of
the money recovered.
The importers and grocers' board of trade,
New York, has appointed a committee to act
with a committee of the chamber of com
merce in considering alleged discrimination
against New York in railroad freight rates.
Quebec was excited last night. The rail
way policy of the gove-ment being unpopu
lar. Six thousand men met in market square
and marched, with a band, transparanciae,
&c, to the parliament building. The police
kept the crowd from entering the building,
and the military were called outani dispers
ed the mob.
A rumor was started in New York yester
day that there had been an over issue of
Chicago Northwestern certificates. Vice
Pre&ideut Syked pronounces the rumor a
wicked, baseless fabrication, and says the
persons who circulate such falsehoods are
doing an infamous work.
Father Heinen, pastor of the East Mauch
Chunk, Pa., church, and through whom the
modern miracle was performed, has made a
report to Archbishop Wood, who pronounces
the affair a delusion and has counselled
Father Heinen to do all in his power to cor
rect the bad impression which may have
A. O. V. W.
The Grand Lodge amicably settled the
matter in regard to St. Paul Lodge No. 17.
After transacting a large amount of business
there were elected and installed the follow
ing officerf for the ensuing year:
G. M. W., Monroe Sheire, St- Paul.
G. F T. H. Pressnell. Dulnth.
G. O.'. E. A. Keeler, Hokah.
G. Recorder, J. H. Bryant, St. Paul.
G. Receiver, C. A. Claussen, Minneapolis.
G. G., G. W. Nichols, Rochester.
G. W., J. V. Peterson, Minneapolis.
Supreme Representatives, H. A. Young, Min
neapolis J.H.Bryant, St. Paul Monroe Sheire,