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VOLUME I. HE VETOED IT. To Please Goldites. Congress Acts Quick And Overrides Hayes. Glory, Glory, Glory Good, Good, Good!! WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.The following is the full text of the President's message To the House of Representatives After very careful consideration of House bill 193, entitled, "An act to authorize the coin ago of the standaid silver dollar and to restore its legal tender character," I feel compelled to return it to the House of Representatives, in which it originated with my objections to its passage. Holding the opinion which I expressed in my annual message that neither the interests of the government nor the people of the United States would be promoted by disparaging silver as one of the two precious metals which furnish the coinage of the world, and that legislation which looks to maintaining the volume of intrinsic money to as full a measure of both metals as their relative commercial values will permit, would be neither unjust nor inexpedient, it has been my earnest desire to concur with CongicHS in the adoption of such measuies to increase the silver coinage of the country as would not im pair the obligation of contracts, either public or private, nor injuriously affect the public credit. It is only upon conviction that this bill docs not meet these essential requirements that I feel it my duty to withhold from it my ap proval. My present official duty as to this bill permits only an attention to specific objections to its passage which bcem to me so important as to justify ine in asking fiom the wisdom and duty of Congress that further consideiation of the bill for which the constitution has in such cases provided. The bill provides foi the coinage of silver dollars of the weight of 4121 grains each, ot standard silver, to bo legal tender at their nominal value for all debts and dues, public and private, except where otherwise expressly Stipulated in the contracts. It is well known that the market value of that number of grains of standard silver during the past ear has been from ninety to ninety-two cents, as compared with the standard gold dollar, Thus the silver dollar, authoiized by this bill, is worth 8 to 10 per cent, less than it purports to be worth and is made a legal tender for debts contracted when the law did not recognize such coins as lawful money. The right to pay duties in sil ver or in certificates of silver deposits will when they are issued in sufficient amount to circulate will put an end to the receipts of revenue in gold and thus compel the pay ment of silver for both the principal and inter ebt of the public debt. $1,143,493,400 dollars of the bonded debt now outstanding was issued prior to Februaiy, 1873, when the silver dollar was unknown in circulation in this country, and was only a convenient form of silvei bullion for exportation. $583,440,850 of the funded debt has been issued since February, 1873,when gold alone was the coin for which the bonds were sold, and gold alone was the coin in which both parties to the contract under stood that the bonds would be paid. These bonds enteied into the maikets of the world. They were paid for in gold, -when sil ver had greatly depreciated and when no one would have bought them if it been understood they would be paid in silver. The sum of $225,000,000 of these bonds has been sold during my administration for gold coin, and the United States received the benefit of these sales, by a reduction of the rate of inter est to 4 per cent. During the progress of these sales a doubt was suggested as to the coin in which the payment of these bonds would be made. The public announcement was there upon authorized that it was not to be anticipated that any further legislation of Congress, or any action of any department of the government, would sanction ortolerate the redemption of the principal of these bonds, or the payment of interest thereon in coin of less value than the coin authorized by law at the time of the issue of the bonds, being the coin ex acted by the goyernment in exchange for the same. In view ot these facts it will be justly regarded as a grave breach of the public faith to undertake to pay these bonds, princi pal and interest, in silver coin, worth in the market le&s than the coin received foi them. It iR said that the silver dollar, made a legal tender by this bill, will, under its operations, be equivalent in value to the gold dollar. Many snpporteib of the bill believe this, and would not justify an attempt to pav debts, either public or pnvate, in coin of inferior value to the money of the world. The capital defect of the bill is that it contains no provision protecting from its oper ation pre-existing debts, in case the coinage which it cieates bhall continue to be of less value than that which was the solo legal tender when they were contracted. If it is now pro posed, for the purpose of taking advantage of the depreciation of silver in payment of debts, to coin and make a legal tender a silver dollar of less commercial value than any dollar, whether of gold or paper, which is now lawful money in this country, such measure, it will be hardly questioned^ will, in the judgment of mankind, be an act of bad faith. As to all debts heretofore contracted the silver dollar should be made a legal tender only at its market value. The standard of value should not be changed without consent of both parties to the contract. National promises should be kept with un flinching fidelity. There is no power to compel a nation to pay its just debts. Its credit de pends on its honor. The nation, owes what it had led or allowed its creditors to ex pect, I cannot approve a Bill which, in my judgment, authorizes the vio lation of sacred obligations. The obliga tion of public faith transcends all question of piofit or public advantage. Its unquestionable maintenance is the dictate as well of the high est expediency as of the most necessary duty and should ever be carefully guarded by the Executive, by Congress and" by the people. It is my firm conviction that if the coun try is to be benefitted by a silver coinage it can be done only by the issue of silver dollars of full value, which will defraud no man. A currency worth less than it purports to be worth will in the end defraud not only creditors but all who are engaged in legitimate business, and none more assuredly than those who are dependent on their daily labor for their daily hread. (Signed) RurHEBFORF B. HAYES, President of the United States. Executive Mansion, Feb. 28, 1878. Senate. WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.Senator Conkling said that in the course of the debate upon the Pen sion bill yesterday, one or two Senators alluded with some surprise to the fact that Coster, ap pointed a pension agent at New York, had never been qualified. Coster came this morn ing and brought with him a bond signed by a large number of men known to him and other Senators. It was drawn by the district at torney and was a copy of the bond under which Mr. Hillhouse, assistant treasurer at New York, performed his duties. The obligors owned property to the value of $500,000. This bond F^5|gp-r" ^f.,2*-? was perfected the 21st of February and it was tendered by telegraph, bat objected to on the ground that the justification should be unin cumbered real property, not mere property. Coster had not been able to conform to the re quirement which, as far as Coster knew, had never been made in the case of any other officer. The House bill, to authorize the construction of abridge across the Missouri river at Glasgow, was reported favorably and placed on the cal endar. A substitute was presented for the Senate bill authorizing the Arkansas river transfer railway company to construct a bridge across the Arkansas river, near Little Rock. Placed on the calendar. Senator Whyte submitted a resolution direct ing the secretary of the navy to transmit to the Senate copies of all letters, documents and statements in writing relating to the conduct of the navigation officer of the United States steamer Huron at the time of her loss, other than those in proceedings of the naval court of inquiry. Senator Beck moved to make the resolution submitted by bim the 21st of January, in rela tion to the inexpediency of levying taxes at this time for maintaining the sinking fund, the special order for Tuesday next, after the morn ing hour. Rejected by a rising vote, yeas 27, nays 19 two-thirds not voting in the affirma tive. Senator Beck then gave notice he would call it up Tuesday next for discussion, and hoped to have a vote on it then. Senator Chaffee, from the committee on Ter ritories, reported with an amendment the Sen ate bill to establish the Territory of Lincoln and provide a temporary government therefor. Placed on the calendar. It was ordered that when the Senate adjourn to-day it be to meet Monday next. Senator Davis, of West Virginia, called up the report of the secretary of war in answer to the resolution of the Senate in regard to the militia organization of the various States. Re ferred. Senator Edmunds, from the committee on judiciary, reported favorably on the House bill changing the times for holding court for the district of West Virginia. Placed on the calen dar. The resolution of Senator Plumb, submitted a few days ago, directing the secretary of the interior to inquire of the government directors ot the Union Pacific railroad company as to the nature of the securities taken or held by that company for aid granted by it to the Colorado Central and other roads, was agreed to. Senator Paddock introduced a bill to provide foi the construction of a bridge across the Mis souri river at Decatur, Nebraska. Referred. The House bill to authorize a special term of the circuit court of the United States for the southern district of Mississippi, to be held at Scranton, Jackson county, was taken up and discussed at length. Senator Eustis submitted an amendment pro viding for a special term of the circuit court of the United States for the district of Louisiana, to be held in St. Charles parish, that State, on the second Monday of April next, for the trial of cases growing out of the action of the gov ernment in seizing timber. During the discussion news was received in the Senate that the House of Representatives was voting on the passage of the silver bill, notwithstanding the objections of the Presi dent. Senator Allison immediately entered a motion to reconsider the vote by which the Senate agreed to adjourn over until Monday. Subse quently Senator Edmunds moved to adjturn. The motion was rejected by arising vote yeas 43, nayb 35. A motion for an executive session was also rejected. At 3:10 p. m. a message was received from the House of Representatives announcing that body had passed a bill authorizing the coinage of a standard silver dollar and to restore its legal tendr character, aotwithstanding the ob jections of the Piesident thereto. Senator Eustis held the flooi and was speak ing upon the bill in regard to holding court in Mississippi, and the silver bill was laid on the table for the present. After Borne further dis cussion, at the request of Senator Lamar, Sen ator Eustis withdrew his amendment to the bill under consideration. Senator Blaine said the secretary of the in tenoi had been adopting a line of policy in re gard to timber lands without due notice, harshly and without regard to individual rights in various parts of the country, which had called forth a great deal of public criticism, and this policy had been bo oppressive that the persons injured had sought a remedy. He knew something as to what the secretary of the interior had done in another part of the coun try The delegate from Montana, a gentleman in whom he had every confidence, had furnished him with facts ab to the harsh policy of the secretary of the interioi in regard to timber land in that territory. Senator Edmunds asked if the senator had made inquiry about the Montana case at the interior department. Senator Blaine replied in the negative. Senator EdmundsThen the senator only has one side of the case. Senator BlaineThe interior depaitment does not wish senators and representatives to visit it. Senator Edmunds said the Senator from Maine (Blaine) had shown his fairness towards the secretary of the interior by informing the Senate that he favored the bill because of the action of the secretary of the interior in some other part of the country. Pending the discussion, Senator Conkling said he observed that this bill was likely to be discussed at some length, and he ventured to bring the attention of the Senator from Iowa (Allison), yvho had been in charge of the bill yvhen it yvas before the Senate, to the fact that the silver bill was upon the table. He did not call attention to it for the purpose of submit ting any motion himself, but for the purpose of hearing from the Senator who had charge of the bill some suggestion as to yvhen the majority of the Senate proposed to take action upon it. Senator Allison said he understood the friends of the bill were ready to proceed yvith its con sideration at any moment. Senator ConklingThey are -always ready. Continuing his remark he said he hoped the pending bill in regard to holding court in Mis sissippi would be laid aside at this hour. As a matter of convenience Senators should know whether it yvas the disposition of the Senate to take final action on the silver bill to-day or not. He hoped the Senator from Iowa would move to postpone the pending and all prior ordeis and proceed to consider the silver bill. Senator Lamar opposed postponement of the pending bill. Senator Hamlin said he was of the opinion that it was of vastly more importance to dis pose of the silver bill than to proceed with con sideration of the pending bill. For the purpose of testing the sense of the Senate he moved that the pending bill be laid on the table. Agreed to yeas 44, nays 9. The president temporeThe chair lays be fore the Senate the bill to authorize the coinage of the standard silver dollar and to restore its legal tender character, which has been sent to the Senate by the House of Representatives with the objections of the President of the United States. Senator Edmunds objected to the President pro tempore laying the bill before the Senate at this time and said under the rules House bills could be laid before the senate only during the morning hour. He read the 8th rule, which provides that after the journal is read the pre siding officer shall lay before the Senate mes sages from the President, reports and commu nications from heads of departments and other communications addressed to the Senate and such bills, joint resolutions and other messages from the House of Representatives as may re main upon his table from any previous day's session undisposed of. He next read the 9th rule, which provides that immediately upon the expiration of the morning hour the presid ing officer shall lay before the Senate the un finished business at its last adjournment, which shall take precedence of special orders and shall be proceeded with until disposed of by the Senate. Senator Edmunds said he made the objection in order that there might be time for the Senate to consider the message. Senator Hamlin said the rules read by the Senator applied to the action of the chair in the morning hour and had no reference to the ac tion of that officer after that hour, It was ^p^r^^f^-* r-C-^f^ &*** ^^^^^*a*'te^^ within the power of the Senate to take such ac tion on any bill as it might designate by a ma jority. The Senator from Iowa (Allison) had a right to move to postpone the pending and all prior orders and proceed to consideration of the silver bill. President, pro tent, Ferry, overruled the ob jection of Senator Edmunds, and said the 8th rule prescribed what should be laid before the Senate during the morning hour, but it did not preclude the chair from laying bills before the Senate after the morning hour, and the prac tice had been to do so. Senator EdmundsBy unanimous consent only. Senator Allison moved to postpone the pend ing and all prior orders and proceed to consider the silver bill. Senator Whyte objected, under the 55th rule, which provides that every bill and joint reso lution introduced on leave or reported from a committee, and all bills and joint resolutions received from the House of Representatives and all reports of committees shall be printed un less for the dispatch of the business of the Senate such printing may be dispensed with. The President pro tempore, overruled the ob jection. The motion of Senator Allison was then agreed to, without a roll call. The President pro tempore, announced to oc cupants of the galleries and others that any de monstration of approval or disapproval would be promptly punished, and thejSergeant-at-arms was directed to arrest offenders. Chief clerk McDonald then began to read the silver bill, but before he concluded Senator Coakling interrupted, and said he ventured to suggest that it was needless to read a bill which had been repeatedly read in the Senate. Senator Sargent objected to dispensing with reading the bill, and said he was in the other house of Congress at the time when it was charged that a bill had been passed without readingthe demonetizing act of 1873and there had been a good deal said about it since. The reading of the bill was then completed, after which the veto message of the President was read. Senator Whyte moved that the bill and mes sage be printed and laid on the table. Reject ed without a roll call. The President pro temporeShall the bill be passed A SenatorNotwithstanding the objections of the President. The President pro temporeThe chair uses the words of the constitution. The clerk then proceeded to call the roll, and the bill gas passed over the veto, yeas 46, nays 19, as follows: YEAS. Allison, Grover. Merriman, Bailey, Harris, Morgan, Beck Hereford, Paddock, Brace, Hill, Patterson, Clutffee, Howe, Plumb, Cockerel, Ingalls, Saulsbury, Coke, Johnston, Saunders, Conover, Jones, Fla., Spencer, Davis, 111. Jones, Nev., Teller, Davis, W. Va. Kellogg, Thurman, Dennis. Kirkwood, Voorhees, Lorscy, McCreery, Wallace, Eustis, McDonald, Windom, Ferry, McMillan, Withers 16. Garland, Matthews, Gordon, Maxey, NAYES. Hamlin, Hoar, Keman, Lamar, Mcpherson, Mitchell, MorriU, Randolph, Polling, Sargent, Wadleiqh, Whyte,' 19 Barn urn, Bayard, Blaine, Butler, (Joi tiding, Dawes, Eaton, As it requhed a two-thirds yote to pass the bill, the pairs to be equal were two advocates of the measure yvith one opponent, and they were announced as follows: Oiflcsby and Ran som, who would have voted in the affirmative, with Anthony who would haye voted in the negative Canteton of Wis., and Bo !h, who would have voted in the affirmative, yvith Barntide, who would have voted in the nega tive Coiwroit of Pa., and Armstiorg, who would have voteJ 1,1 the affirmative, with Edmvnds who would have voted in the nega tive Christian! and ha, ou yvere absent. When the name of Hill yvas called he said: I do not know the rul of the Senate, but 1 yvould like to make a brief statement. Several senatorb objected. The Prebident pi lem.Objection is made. Senator HallThen I vote aye. Senator Edmunds said, being obliged to leave the city in a day or two, he had arranged for a pair on the bill, but different from the one announced. The master of pairs, his friend from Iowa (Allison), had arranged it differently, had he (Edmunds), knovra that the vote would be taken on this bill to-day, he would not have agreed to pair because he thought, out of respect to the President, the message should be laid over till to-morrow. The President pro tern in announcing the vote, said two-thirds of the Senate having voted in its favor the bill is passed and has become a law. Senator Allison withdrew his motion to re consider the vote by which the Senate agreed to adjourn over until Monday. A motion to adjourn and another to go into, executive session were both rejected and the Senate resumed consideration of the bill to au thorize a special term of the circuit court of the United StateR in the district of Mississippi, and it was passed notwithstanding the adveise report of the judiciary committee, yeas 30, nays 15, and the Senate adjourned until Monday. House of Representatives. WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.Mr. Whitthorne, chairman of the naval committee, reported back the bill requiring estimates for appropri ations needed by the navy department, to be made in detail. He explained that the object of the bill was to prevent an appropriation made for a special object being used for other purposes. Under the present custom of bulk ing the estimates, great abuses might and did occur in the matter of transferring the appro priations. The bill then passed. Mr. Willis, (N. Y.) from the same committee, reported back the bill authorizing and equip ping an expedition to the Arctic Sea. It pro vides for the establishment of a temporary col ony, and appiopriate3 $50,000 for the necessary expenses of the expedition. Referred to the committee of the whole. Mr. Hanna, from the same committee, report ed back the bill for rerelief of Nat. C. McKay. Ordered printed, and recommitted. A message was received from the President, announcing that he had vetoed the silver bill. Mr. Stephens moved to proceed to the busi ness on the Speaker's table, for the purpose of taking up the veto message. The speaker said the motion was unnecessary as it was the duty of the chair to present it. The Speaker thereupon, having first seen that order yvas restored and observed, laid the mes sage before the House. The message having been lead, in the midst of profound silence, the Speaker stated that the question was, "Will the House, on reconsideration, pass the bill Mr. StephensOn that I move the previous question. [Clapping of hands and other demon strations of approval among members.] The previous question was seconded and the main question ordered. Mr. StephensI propose that by general con sent every memper shall be permitted to have printed in the Be-ord such remarks as he may desire to make on this subject. Mr. BanksI object. Mr. TPottAs this message is not to pe print ed I ask that it be read again. [Shouts of "No! No!" from friends of the bill.] The SpeakerDoes the gentleman desire to have the message printed Mr. FortI do not. 7. The SpeakerIt goes into the Record. Mr. FortI mean to say, as it has'not been printed for our consideration, it should be read again before the vote is taken. 1^. Mr. Cox, of New YorkI object to having the message read again. It is a charge of fraud by a fraud. Mr. McCookI call my colleague to order, and ask that his words be taken down at the clerk's desk. /Shouts of "Down! Down!" ST. PAUL, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 1878. 'Order Order!" from the Democratic side of the House.] I demand that they be taken down and read. Mr. CoxI simply said that the message was a charge of fraud by a fraud. Mr. McCookThat was very improper language to be used in presence of this House. Mr. CoxIt was a true expression of the general Bentiment. Mr. McCookI insist upon the question, of order. The SpeakerThe chair thinks that the gen tleman (Cox) was not entitled to make any re marks at alL Mr. McCookBut he did make them. The 8peakerThe roll call has been com menced, and must be proceeded with. Mr. McCookI ask for the ruling of the chair on the words used. The SpeakerThe chair thinks that the language of the gentleman from New York was out of order. He had no right to use it. The reporters were not bound to take it down at all as part of the Conyresnional Becord. Mr. McCookThat is all I askthat it shall not go in the Becord. I thought it a singular expression for the gentleman to use. The SpeakerThe chair did not recognize the gentleman to make the remark. Mr. McCookDoes it go into the Bvcordt The SpeakerThe chair thinks it should not go into the Becord. Mr. McCookVery well, sir5, thafy%ll. The vote was then taken and resulted, yeas 196, nays 73. The last three votes were cast by Messrs. Bragg, Cook, and Kelly, all of whom had been absent from the House by illness, but come up in time to record their votes, which they did in the affirmative. The following is the vote in detail: NAYS. Bicon, Frye, O'Neill, Bagley, Garfield, Overton. Baker, N. Y. Gibson, Potter, Ballou, Hale, Poteen., Banks, Hardenburg, Pugh, Beebe, Harmer, Beed, Bisbee, Hams, Mass., Bice, Mass., Blmr, Hart, Bobinson, Mass. Bliss, Hendee, Ross, Brigrjs, Hewitt, N. Y. Schleicher, Cain, Hiscock, Sinmekson, Camp, Hungcrford, Smith, Pa., Campbell, James, Starin, Chittenden, Jones, N. H., Stenger, Claflm, Joyce, Stevxirt, Covert, Keteham, Veeder, Crapo, Lopham. Ward, Davis, Cal., Lindsay, Warner, Itenison, Lockwood, Watson, Dwight, Lormg, Williams, Mich. Eames, McCook, Williams, N. Y. Eickhoff, Morse, Williams, Del., Ellsworth, Muller, Willis, N. Y., Field, Xoreross, Wood,78. Freeman, YEAS. Aiken, Aldrirh, Atkins, Baker, Ind., Banning, Bayne, Bell, Benedict, Becknell, Blackburn, Bland, Blount, Beone, Bouck, Boyd, Bragg, Brcntam, Brewer, Bridges, Bright, Brof/den, Browne, Bnekner, Bandy, Burchard, Bai dick, Buthr, Caldwell, Kj Finlay, Forney, Foot, Foster, Franklin, Fuller, Garth, Giddings, Glover, Goode, Gunter, Hamilton, Hanna, Harris, Ga., Harris, Va., Harrison, Hartridge. Harzell, Haskell, Hatcher, Hayes, Jfazelton, Henderson, Henry, Heyvitt, Ala. Herbert, Hooker, House, Caldwell, Tenn. Hubbell, Hunter, Hunton, Humphrey, Itiner, Jones (Ala.,) Jones (Ohio,) Keightley, Kclley, Kenna, Knapp, Knott, Landers, Lathrop, Logan, Luttrell, Lynde, Mackey, Manning, Marsh. Mayham, McGowan, McKenzie, McKinley, McMahon, Metcalf, Mills, Mitchell, Money, Monroe, Morgan, Muldiow, Xeal, Oliver, Page, Phelps, Phillip*, Pollard, Pound, Price, Pridemore, Ramey, Randolph, Rea, Reagan, Rice, (Ohio,) Riddle, Bobbins, Roberts, Robertson, Robinson, (Ind,) Ryan, Sampson, Sapp, Sayler, Scales, Sexton, S/iallenberger, -SBfiUey, Singleton, Slemmons, tSn-alls, Smith, (Ga.,) Sparks, Springer, Steele, Stephens, Stone, (Mich.,) Stone, (Iowa.,) Slrait, Thompson, Thomburgh, Throckmorton, Tipton, Townsend, (O.,) Towjjscnrf.N.Y., Townshend (111) Tucker, Turner, Turney, Vance, Van Voorhes, Waddell, Walker, Walsh, Welch, White, (Pa.,) White, (Ind.,) Whitthorne, Wigginton, Williams,(Wi&.) Williams (Ala.) Williams, (Ore.) Willis (Ky.,) Colkins, Candler, Cannon, Carlisle, Caswell, Chalmers, Clarke (Ky.,) Clarke (Mo.,) Clark, Iowa, Clymer, Cobb, C)le, Co nger, Cook, Cox, Ohio, Cox(N.Y.,) Cravens, Crittenden, Culberson, Cttttimm/ Cutler, ,_ Danford, Davidson, Davis (N.C.,) Leering, Debrell, Dickey, Lunnell, Durham, Eden, Elam, Ellis, Errelt, Evans, (Ind.,) Eians, (Pa.) Ewing, Felton, The Speaker announced the vote and said: "In obedience to the requirement of the con stitution, two-thirds have voted in the affirma tive and the bill has passed, the objections of the President to the contrary notwithstand ing. The announcement was received with general hand clapping and other marks of jubilation. The bill and veto message were thereupon sent to the Senate. The House then went into committee of the whole, Mr. Eden in the chair, and resumed con sideration of the bill to pension Boldiers of the Mexican and Indian ware, and after speeches by Williams of Alabama, Williams of Oregon, Ryan, White and Riddle, the committee pro ceeded to consider the bill by sections. During a speech made by Mr. Singleton he sent to the clerk's desk and had read a letter from Jefferson Davis requesting him (Single ton) to inform the friends of the bill that if the success of the bill depended on excluding him (Davis) from its benefits he hoped that such provision would be inserted in it. Mr. Singleton proceeded to eulogize Davis, declar ing that this was but another proof of his great magnanimity and explained that that gentle man had been in favor of delaying as long as possible the act of secession passed by Missis sippi in hopes of reconciliation with the North. The committee then rose and the House ad journed. A Democratic caucus was announced to be held immediately. wants, Wilson, Wren, Wright, Patterson,^ Y,)Yeates, Patterson (Col,)Young196. BRIEF TELEGRAMS. The suspension of John J. Adams & Co., wholesale grocers, New Orleans, is announced. Their liabilities are said to be about a million and a half. Hon. J. C. New, ex-United States Treasurer and president of the First National bank, Indianapolis, has sold his interest in that insti tution to yt. H. Morrison, president of the Indiana Banking Company. Mr. New retires from the management of the bank. Both branches of the Kentucky Legislature yesterday adopted resolutions instructing the Congressmen of that State to support and aid in every possible way the Texas Pacific railway bill. Kentucky is strongly in favor of the bill, and the Legislature has only carried out the desire of the people. The emigration now pouring into Kansas is without apanllel in the history of the West Overl,200 immigrante arrived in Atchison yesterday, destined for interior Kansas. Wafis,Pereival& Co. London bankers have failed. Liabilities 650,000. The failure is attributed to heavy losses by had debts. According to the express company's reports at San Francisco, 811,000 trade dollars were shipped East daring February, of which 364,000 went during the last half the month WASHINGTON NOTES. HATES SEXDS A SPECIAL AGENT TO CUBA To Hunt for Negroes Kidnapped and En Slaved and to Visit the Cuban Insurgents Sherman All Ready to Begin Coining Silver Dollars. WASHTNGTON, Feb. 28.Several weeks ago the President received a letter from a reliable source, stating that the writer was in posses sion of facts capable of direct proofs, to the ef fect that colored men, citizens of Florida, had been kidnapped and transported across the Gulf of Mexico to Cuba and sold into slavery. The writer says members of families of some of the enslaved citizens had received inteligence from Cuba, from their relatives, stating that they were held in bondage there, and the matter was communicated to the chief Executive of the United States for such action in the premises as might be deemed best calculated to vindicate American dignity, in view of a proceedure so grossly in violation of the civilzation of the times. The contents of the letter occasioned much surprise to the President. With to ascerSining'Trle trufft'grtmrTttatenient, -rm- -T^ejisj^tp^ejnspectorof hin ward. concluded to dispatch a confidential agent to Cuba for that purpose. Su n agent was found in Judge Leonard, a Repub lican member from Louisiana, in the House of Representatives, a gentleman discreet and courteous, and familiar with the Spaiysh language. It was thought advisable to pursue this direct course instead of making the subject a basis of diplomatic correspondence. Judge Leonard, a few dajs ago, obtained indefinite leave of absence from the House, and left New York for Havana on the steamship Columbus, on Wednesday last, carrying with him a letter from President Hayes to the Captain General, and also from Senor Mantilla, the Spanish minister, addressed to the same officer, to whom'Judge Leonard yvill make known the objects of his mission. It is not doubted that the Captain General will afford him facility for the accomplishment of his mission, besides ex tending his own investigations in the same direction. Another object of the mission is to ascertain the true condition of the insurgents, the official accounts and those from insurrectionary sources being contradictory. While one represents a decline of the insurrection the other asserts the contrary, and agents have been here in behalf of the insurgent Cubans, with a view to recog nition of their independence by the United States. The captain-general will doubtless ex tend to Judge Leonard the necessary facilities for visiting the insurrectionary district, as Spain uniformly shows a disposition to pre serve and strengthen friendly relations be tween the United States and Spain, yvhich have never been more amicable than they are now. Should it be found true that negroes arc kid napped in Florida or any other Southern State and conveyed to Cuba and sold into slavery-, immediate measuies will be adopted to prevent all such future outrages on persons and viola tions of international law. The objects of the mission are not publicly known, care having been taken to conceal them, but the above statement is confirmed in quarteis which leaves no room for doubt. The Texas Pacific Bill. WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.The House committee on Pacific railroads to-day unanimously au thorized Representative House to report the Texas Pacifir railroad Dill, at the next call of committees for reports, bubject, however, to any action that may be taken in the meantime by the committee, in changing or perfecting its provisions, and reserving the right also for a minority report to be made at the same time. The practical effect of the order thus made, is to insure the subject being brought before the House at the earliest opportunity, though, in the meanwhile, the committee will continue its 'consideration, and a formal vote upon the question of adopting the sub-committee's fa vorable report will not be taken until at least one other meeting shall be held. The full committee adjourned until to-rnorrow. Mr. Sherman All Ready. WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.The secretary of the treasury has already prepared the necessary ar rangements tor immediate execution of the law providing for the coinage of silver dollars, so that there will be no delay yvhatever in its operation. The secretary has prepared a form of silver certificate ard approved the device for the new silver dollar which was submitted to him by the director of the mint. The de partment is therefore prepared to begin yvith out delay the administration of the new law. RevenueBank Redemption. WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.The total of internal revenue rectipts for the month shoyv a decrease of $1,485,227, ab compared with the correspond ing month of latt year. The following is a statement of the opera tions of the national bank Redemption Agency for the month, and the eight months ending this day, as compared with the corresponding period last year: National bank notes disposed ofnotes fit for circulation, assorted and returned to banks of issuemonth, $1,124,644 8 months, $1,033,722. Notes unfit for circulation, assorted and de livered to the comptroller of currency for destruction and replacement with new nates month, $37,315 8 months, $319,862. Notes of failed, liquidating and reducing banks deposits in the treasurymonth, $6,081 8 months, $7,210,750. Totals for 1878month, $15,586,000 8 months, $142,569,150. Totals for 1877 month, $18,976,200 8 months, $147,378,000. Decrease -month, $3,390,200 8 months, $4,808.- 850. Misccllancotm. WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.Representative Wil son, of West Virginia, has been authorized by the House committee on foreign affairs to re port adversely on the petition in behalf of the American Colonization society for an appropria tion of fifty thousand dollars to be expended in making a preliminary survey by army and civil engineers from Liberia eastward two thousand miles into the Niger valley. Immediately after the adjournment of the House this afternoon the Democratic members held a caucus and discussed the question of appointing an expert for each of the seven in vestigating committees, and without coming to a conclusion adjourned. A meeting will be held to-morrow afternoon, when the subject will be resumed and consideration given to Gen. Banning's army pay bill. Senator Gordon has written to various cities and boards of trade which were moving to send him to Europe as a commissioner from the South, that the probable length of the present session of Congress will prevent him from go ing abroad. The Surrey county, North Carolina, tobacco cases, which have been pending before the bureau of internal revenue, were compromised to-day on terms agreeable to Commissioner Raum. A Missouri Vendetta Wound up by Lynch ing. ST. LOTUS, Feb. 28.A report comes from Maiden, Mo., that Robinson, one of the princi ^pals in the late vendetta there, has disappeared. It is understood that he has been lynched. The tranble which led to the shooting grew out of an old family feud. Three McMullen brothers, Robison and Sam. Harris were playing cards, John Numlee was lying down in the saloon, and one of the McMullens remarked that Numlee was going to be whipped before they left town. Numlee then attempted to leave when Frank McMullen assaulted him. He fired, killing Frank and then ran and got a shot gun with which he killed Win. McMullen and wounded Harris. After that Num'ee was shot down by Rob'fton Mktsz- i^ffv* 4 and the surviving MeMnllen. A'posse pursued and captured Robinson and he was held under arrest until the affray was investigated and then disappeared. It is known he did not es cape. EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS. SOMEBODY ACCUSED LIED. OF HA FIXG A Meeting of Board of Education Last Night-The High School Breeds More Bad BloodThe Lie Direct Given to a Member of the Legislate Delegation Miscellaneous Business. The regular monthly meeting of the board of education yvas held last night. The roll being called, the following gentlemen answered to their names: Messrs. Schafer, Manson, Kerr, Sweeney, Thompson, Withey, Benz, Hagan and the president, Dr. Murphy. A communication was read from Mr. Fair child, offering a plat of land for a site for a new high school. Ordered laid on the table. Mr. Parker's tender for supplying desks was also laid on the table. A petition asking that K. Cavaneau be em ployed as janitor, when a vacancy occurs, was SupennendenV"BSmngton submitted -his monthlyreport which showed thye enrollmenet JEmpii8 to he 3,245 average dail attendanc 2989. From the report it was evident that most of the schools were overcrowded, and an increase of school accommodation cannot long be delayed in some of the districtsthe Jeffer son school, for instance, has 633 names on the books. The report yvas adopted. Mr. Burrington said that Miss Tice had been acting as principal in the Sixth ward in the ab sence, through sickness of the principal, and the board had consented to donate $25 to her as compensation for extra work for the two monthshe had omitted this in his pav roll. Mi. Benz said that he had heard that there was a great deal of dissatisfaction expressed in the sixth ward among the parents. He thought if the principal was not going to return shortly, it would be better to appoint a properly quali fied principal to the schools. Mr. Barrington baid they were the best man aged schools in the city. Several of the board expressed their opinion that the rumor of dissatisfaction arose from the desire of interested parties who were anxi ous to get the appointment for a gentleman residing in the ward. A discussion then was entered into upon the High school bill prepared and committed to the delegation to introduce into the Legislature. Dr. Murphy stated that Mr. Gilfillan would not present the bill unless a proviso yvas attached submitting it to the vote of the people, and he had stated the boaid had taken it out of his hands. Messrs. Benz, Murphy and Kerr said they had not withdrawn the bill. Mr. Sweeney said that he thought it the dutv of the delegation to present the ,bill as it came from the board, and let the Legislature do with it as they pleased. Mr. Kerr said with all due respect to the members of the Legislature if anv one of them said the bill was withdrawn he lied. Mr. Berry moved that the committee on leg islation instruct the delegates to present the bill. Mr. SrhafferNot instruct, but request humbly pray. The motion yvas carried. MISCELiANEOUH BUSINESS. The committee on Sixth ward school reported recommending the purchase of the Wheeler lot 200x150, block 16, West St. Paul proper, for $1,200, for a site for a new school house. The committee by a unanimous vote (Mr. Thompson having withdrawn,) empowered the committee on property to make the purchase. Mr. Kerr asked for a raise of salary for Miss Newson. She was eminently successful with the grade (seventh) to which she had been ap pointed after the signal failure of another teacher. Her salary was raised to $50. Dr. Murphy reported that janitors were now commissioned as special police and badges would be issued for them. Other cities had followed this example. The usual bills yvere passed and the board adjourned. METEOROLOGICAL SUMMARY For the Month of Februaiy, 1878, St. Paul, Minnesota. Daily I Mean Bar. 2^ Date. 1878February 1.. 2.. 3.. 4.. 5.. 6 30.204 27.7 ,65.0 N ,30.404,21.7178.7 N E 130.168 '20.5 '69.7 E 29.796128.0173.3 E 129.549 37.0 69.0 S E 29.576 37.5,79.7 S 29.751 35.2 72.3 NW 129.892 27.0 73.3 N 129.966 22.5 i67.7'N '29.966 10.7 65.7 ,N W '29.680 28.7 66.0'8 129.761 '27.2 74.3 IN 29.850129.5 74.0 E ,32.0,75.7 ,E (29.874 32.0176.6 8 E 29.831 J30.5 89.3 N J30.108130.5 74.0 N E '29.983 31.7,75. 8-' 9 Below zero. 0 0 0 0 0 0 .04 0 0 0 .21 .02 0 10 I I" 12" 13" 14 15" 16" 17" 18" 19" 20.. 129.689 '37.7 ,76.7 I 21.. 22. 23!!i30!602|3L7t69i0 NW 24.. ,33.7,71.7 ,N 25...30.351132.0'67.3 N 26..'30.250 35.2'69.3 S E 27.. .29.887 141.2169.3 8 28.. 29.843'18.104.22.168 E 0 .40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (S E 129.443!38.2!74.3 0 S E 129.68 9 S37. 7 ,76. 7 ,,N N 129.672 36.2 75.0 N 29.859 36.2'60.2 NW 6 0 0 0 i29.905,31.6 Means 72.0' 1 GENERAL ITEMS. Highest barometer, 30.482 on the 2d. Loyvest barometer, 29.348 on the 19th. Monthly range, 1.134. Highest temperature, 55 deg. on the 28th. Lowest temperature, 3 deg. on the 3d. Monthly range, 52 deg. Prevailing direction of wind,,north. Greatest velocity of wind, 26 miles per hour on the 11th from the southeast. Total number of miles, 4,685. Tocal rainfall and melted snow, 0.67 inches. Number of clear days, 6. Number of cloudy days, 12. Number of fair days, 10. Number of days on which rain or snow fell, 6. Mean of r aximum temperatures, 39.6. Mean of minimum temperatures, 23.5. Greatest daily range of temperature, 32 deg. on the 2d. Amount of unmelted snow I3 ing on the ground at the end of the month, none. The following table shows the mean tempera ture of the month of February for the last five years: February 1874 14.4 1875 T-1.7 1876 17.4 1877 32.0 1878 31.6 R. J. LEWIS, Sergeant Signal Service, U. S. A. ALL AKUUJtfD THE GLOBE. At Gloucester, Mass., it is thought the fish ing schooner Carrie P. Mortrew is lost with her crew of three men. Gapt. 6. Sprague's house at Port Elgin, N. B.. burned last night and a son of the captain per ished in the flames. At Butlersville, Indiana, Wednesday night, Fell's store and residence, a furniture factory, and the Odd-Fellows1 hall were burned, Loss stated to be upward of $40,000. An explosion of gas yesterday morning, in the Preston mines, near Pottsvilie, Pa., killed Wm. M. Williams, inside boss, and seriously wounded John Mahony, a miner. The Virginia House of Delegates to-day sus tained the Governor's veto of the Barbour out bilL The vote stood for passing the bill not withstanding the veto, 71 against it, 42not two-thirds in the affirmative. NUMBER 46. HE WAS CLOUDS GATHERIXQ OVER THE RORIZOX. EUROPEAX Continued British Preparation, for Armed Interference, While theBnsslans Show No Disposition to Lessen their Demand or Change their Plans. LONDON, Feb. 28.-The Tunes says: The present vacillation of Austria is more danger ous to peace than the clear and resolute ex pression of a military purpose. VIENNA, Feb. 28.Negotiations are proceed ing between Russia and Servia, the object of which is to allow Russia to occupy Belgrade if the conflict with Austria should become inevit able. BUSMA'S LOTTJE GAMK. LONDON, Feb. 28.A correspondent at Pera jsays: Russia will make a great pretense of eagerly defending the conditions before the powers, but will finally yield enough to satisfy them, and then arrange a programme for a Russian protectionate over Turkey in Europe and Asia, according to the terms of their secret agreement. VIENNA GOSSIP. LONDON, Feb. 28.A Vienna correspondent states that the Russian concessions touching the limits and length of occupation of Bul garia are quite sufficient, with the present ten dency of the Austrian government, to restore confidence. Austria is content for the moment and looks to the conference for the rest. Another correspondent writes: The extension of the principality of Bulgaria to the Aegean sea would practically mean the securing of a naval station for Russia just as the grant of a port to Montenegro would mean a Russian na val station in the Adriatic. Still another telegraphs: The position ap pears extremely critical, notwithstanding the tranquilizing utterances in ministerial papers. The conference is regarded in Austrian govern ment circles as adjourned sine die. A Berlin dispatch says the conference has en tirely failed FRATERNIZING. PERA, Feb. 28.The Russian and Turku* lines at San Stcfano are Beperated by a little river, Kara 811. The Russian and Turkish sen tries stand at either end of abridge one hun dred feet long. Officers and men of the two armies fraternize in a remarkable manner. Raouf Pasha, minister of war, has thanked the Grand Duke Nicholas for the excellence of his arrangements. Crowds of visitors and petty traders from Constantinople are seen in the Rusbian cam]) daily. THE TERMS OF PEACE. LONDON, Feb. 28.In the House of Commons to-night Sir Stafford Northcote replying to a question, stated that the government was still uninformed of the fanal terms of peace, but if they injuriously affected British interests the government would take the proper course to protect those interests. This declaration was received with loud cheers. A Constantinople dispatch dated to-day savs the greater part of the Russian con ditions have been accepted by the Porte. It is expected the treaty will be signed next Tuesday. Delay was caused by the Turks objecting to the inclusion of Salomca and Debajatch in Bulgaria. A ru mor pointing to the possibility of a rupture of negotiations appears to be unfounded, although the question relative to the Turkish fleet is unsettled. LONDON BUMOBS. LONDON, March 1.The Press Association says: Considerable uneasiness prevails relative to the negotiations now proceeding between the European powers and Russia. The oppo sition leaders in Parliament have determined nrt to embarrass the government while the present cntical position lasts. They have been informed that it is desirable in the interests of peace to avoid a definite ministerial statement. Russia is anxious to erect a fort on the Bos phorus, and it is rumored that England, Aus tria and Italy have informed Prince Gortscha koff that they would regard persistence in this determination as a casus belli. GOING FOR OCR SAMOA. LONDON, March 1.A Berlin special an nounces that Herr Camphausen, the Prussian minister of finance, has definitively tendered his resignation. The Standard says: We understand Sir Arthur Gordon, governor of the Fiji Islands, has been ordered to proceed to the Samoan Islands, in consequence of a recent request of the Samoan authorities for British protection. The morning papers abound in details of warlike preparations. Some militia colonels haye been warned that their regiments may be required for permanent duty. The military will be armed with Henry rifles, immediately upon embodiment. A Vienna dispatch states that Mohammetan owners of Bosnia have sent a deputation to Vi enna asking for annexation to Austria. The St. Petersburg Gohjs calls for the occu pation of the Dardanelles by Rnssia. The Gazette de St. Prtersburgh considers im mediate war with England preferable to con cessions. BEBVIA PUZZLED. LONDON, March 1.A Vienna correspondent confirms the report that reassuring communi cations have been received from St. Peters burgh, and negotiations have taken a better turn. Rumors of a large concentration of Russians on the Transj lvanian frontier prove unfounded! A Belgrade correspondent hears from a diplo matic source that in consequence of possible complications with Austria, Russia has prom ised Servia a much larger cession of territory than has been mentioned in the peace condi tions, at the same time requesting Servia to keep her militia of the second class underarms atad call out the third class. Russia announces that she would occupy Bel grade in the eyent of hostilities with Austria. The Servian government is quite at a loss how to decide, and is waiting the return of Prince Milan to Belgrade. A correspondent at Berlin says It is per sistently believed that Austria will eventually co-operate v*ith Russia in the occupation of Turkish territory. A special from Rome states that Signor Crispi, president of the chamber of deputies, has questioned the council of state as to whether the government has a right to modify the law of papal guarantees. MORE VIENNA GOSSIP. LONDON, March 1.The Times Rtates that committees have been appointed to insure an hospitable reception for the American bishora attending the Pan-Anglican synod. A correspondent at Vienna says: I learn that the Russians are still bent upon entering Constantinople, with or without the Porte's consent, and that England has informed Prince Gortschakoff that if the latter course is pur sued the British ambassador will be ordered to quit St. Petersburg. The chances of Austria's going to war are smaller than ever. The government can only count upon a majority of two for the vote of credit in the delegation. It would not be sur prising if the idea was abondoned at the last moment. AT ST. PETEBSBUBG. ST. PETERSBURG, March 1.The nomination of Lord Napier, of Magdala, to the chief com mand is producing great excitement here. It is believed the treaty of peace will be signed SaturdaVt which is the anniversary of the Czar's accession. Lincoln Territory Demonstration. DEADWNOD, D. T., Feb. 28.A monster macs meeting was held at the Miners' Union hall in Lead City, to-night, in favor of the Lincoln Territory bill now in Congress. A. procession headed by a band of music and a wagon earn ing speakers, flags, banners and emblems, made a grand round through Deadwood, Gayville Central City, Golden City and Lead City The names of Saunders, Spencer and other members who had championed the new Territory' bill, were received with hearty adplause.