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THE DAY'S WOEK
IN THE TWO HOUSES OF CONGRESS.
Gordon Otters the Bismarck & Black Hills
Railroad BillMatthews Talking: for Jay
Gould's Pacific RailroadsThe House, by
a Close Vote, Allows "Whisky to be Held
in Bond for Three Years.
WASHINGTON, March 14.A number of pen
Hion bills passed during the morning hour,
among them one granting 3~0 a month to the
widow of Rear Adnmal Wilkes.
Senator Voorhees introduced a bill for the
payment of all customs duties, and all other
debts due the United States, in legal tender
notes at par, except in cases where it is other
wise expiessly stipulated on the face of the ob
ligation or contiaot. Referred.
Senator Teller intioduced a bill to regulate
passengei fares and freight traffic on the Den
ver Pacific and Kansas Pacific lailroads. Re
Consideration was then lesumed of the un
finished business, being tnebill in legardtothe
Pacific railroad sinking fund, and Senator
Matthews spoke in favor of the bill reported
by the committee on railroads, and gave notice
that he would hereafter submit a substitute
for that reported by the judiciary committee.
Senator Slatthews explained the bill reported
by the committee on railroadb, and said the bill
of the raihoad committee did not embody the
proposition which had been urged by the rail
road companies. It was based, as all legisla
tion on this subjeot ought to be based, on the
consent of the parties. Without consent, it
was his deliberate conviction that Congress
had no authoritj of lawthat the government
had no authority to insibt upon matters, the
peformance of winch would violate an existing
contract between the parties. He argued,
that the government, by exercise of its sov
ereign power, could so bind itself that it could
not loose itself. Referring to the differences
between the bill of the committff* on railroads
and that of the judiciary committee, he said
that one proposed to alter a contract by a con
tract, and the othei was an act of power and
nothing else. One was a oettlement, which was
complete and final, and put an end to contro
versy and litigation. It contemplated no ur
ther necessitj for legislation whereas the bill
reported by his distinguished colleague (Thur
rnan) from the judiciary committee, did not
even pretend to be a full and final settlement.
He (Matthews) believed that if the bill of the
judiciary committee t.hou!d become a law it
would be the most deliberate attack upon the
rights of property and contract that he knew
of in the annals ot legislation. The bill of
the railroad committee allowed interest on the
accumulation of the sinking fund at the rate
of 6 per cent, per annum, while that of the
judiciary committee allowed 5 per cent. If
the companies should he allowed to make in
vestments under their own control towards the
payment of the debt they would certaudy make
their money eain sit per cent, inteiest. He
argued that the bill of the judiciary committee,
instead of collecting a sinking fund foi the
sole and exclusive use of the government of
the United States, in oi der to extinguish the
claim of the United States against those com
panies, it carefullj collected a sinking fund in
respect to which the United States would have
no hen whatever, except subject to the prior
lien of the In at moitgage bondholders of the
real. The amount of money required tor the
sinking fund must be paid by
passengeis and those doing business
over the roads. It was a tax levied
by Congress upon the commerce of the countiy
transpoited over those roads. Suppose the tax
be made buidensome, the companies must in
crease then charges. Would that be good pol
icy? Would it be for the good of the public
oi the benefit of the government? He then
spoke of the legal questions involved, aiguing
that the bill of tke judiciary committee was an
invasion of the right of pioperty and contiact.
He quoted trom many le^al authonties in sup
port of his views. The bill ot the judicia'y
ominittee declared what the net earnings ot
roilroads should be. Congiess had no more
right to declare what bhould be net earnings
than it had to confiscate them all.
Pending discussion, Senator Gordon by re
quest introduced a bill authorize the con
struction of a nairow gauge railroad trom
Bismaick to the Black Hills. Referred.
The consular and diplomatic appropnation
bill was then reeen ed from the House ot Rep
lesentatives and leferred to the committee on
The Vice Piesident announced his signature
to the House bill for relief of Wm, A. Ham
mond, latesuigeon-geueial of the army, and it
now goes to the Piesident for hi signatuie.
Senator Christiancy took the floor to speak
on Monday on the sinking fund bill, and the
Senate adjourned until that da}.
House of Representatives.
WASH^GTON, March 13.Mr. Hardenburgh
introduced a bill regulating the reserve fund
of national banks. The bill authorizes buch
banks to dispose of their reserve fund and in
vest the same in United States bonds, which
bonds shall con-titute the leserve fund of such
Mr. Durham, from the committee on expend
itures in the department of justice, reported a
bill limiting to 86,500 the compensation of
clerks of district and circuit courts, when one
person holds both offices. Patted.
During the morning hour was discussed a
bill reported from the committee on expendi
tures in the department of justice limiting the
number of special attornejs appointed to
assist distiict attornejs to one and limiting the
fee to $2,000. The bill finally passed and the
House went into committee of the whole on a
bill extending to three ears the time for with
drawing distilled hquois trom bond.
Mr. Saylcr stated the purpose of the resolu
tion. Its principal object was to extend the
bond period of whisky to three yearB instead
of one year, as now provided by law. In other
words, it was to give to alcoholic spirits manu
factured in this country the same privileges
that are given to liquors imported from Europe
and put a bonded warehouse.
Mr. Conger said this resolution was an old
acquaintance. Its face was familiar to him
and the House. It had been here before. The
puncipal claim at that time was that the ex
pectation of a change of the tax on distilled
spirits, wholly disarranged business and threat
ened with loss and bankruptcy those engaged
in the business. That claim had been prompt
ly met by the adoption of a resolution that
it was the solemn judgment of the House that
it was inexpedient to change the tax on
whisky. Now, under the apparently stim
ulating power of five jears old whisky
the House was asked to extend the time of pay
ing the tax, not three months, as before pio
posed, but three years. He could not account
for the boldness of the movement. Was it
true, as thej were informed on the other side
of the House, that the treasury needed all the
revenue it could get? That the expenditures
must be cut down in all departments of the
government? If that were so, How could the
government afiord to postpone for thfee years
the collection of the tax on distilled spirits?
He would leave it to the gentlemen whose dis
tricts were threatened with bankruptcy by the
tariff bill being concocted in secret, a corner
of the capitol, by a committee which toibade
approach, and kept out all information. The
manufacturers of whisky seemed to think there
was a marvellous tendency to favor whisky
the House. [Laughter.] There seemed to
be an opinion that it was safe to appeal to Con
gress to favor the whisky interest and to de
stroy all other interests.
Mr. Butler said he understood the bill
thoroughly and was quite ready to agree to its
general object, as a matter of relief. That was,
to lend, at five per cent, for two years, an
amount of money equal to the tax on whisky.
The government could borrow money at four
pei cent, and this would be a gam of one per
cent. That was all there was in it, but he was
opposed to anything that looked like favoring
speculation. If the promoters of the measure
did not mean that they would agree to an
amendment which he proposed to offer to the
third section. That amendment was, provid
ing that the tax or duty paid on all distilled
spirits,when the same arewitndrawn,shall be the
amount of duty or tax which would have been
paid if paid when 9uch distilled spirits were
put in bond.
Mr. Sayler stated that was provided in the
resolution. He had no objection to it except
that it was mere surplusage.
Mr. ButlerWell, if you admit that amend
ment I withdraw all objection to the resolu
Mr. Lapham regarded the measure as a prop
osition to lend to distillers for two years at five
per cent., the vast revenues which they pay to
the treasury, and that, too, at a period when the
revenues were diminishingwhen the House
was told that it will be difficult to balance the
books at the end of the yearwhen gentlemen
on the other side were crying, "Economy!
economy! Reform! reform!" Such a propo
sition could not have his approval.
Mr. Frye feared the object of the bill was to
give time for the whisky men to obtain a re
duction in the tax.
Mr. Harrison opposed the bill, not only as
being class legislation, but as b*ing in favor of
a certain class of the whisky interest, not the
whole interest. It was for the benefit of that
whisky which improved by age The kind of
whisky which brought an immense revenue
into the treasury would not receive the slight
est benefit from it.
Mr. Burchard supported the bill. It did not
endanger the Tevenue of the country. It was
not so much in the interest of the distiller as
in the interest of the revenue.
Mr. Fort supported the bilL He denied that
it would reduce the revenue, because the rev
enue came, not from the amount pat into
bond, but from consumption. It might cause
a temporary reduction, but in the end all the
tax would be received.
The general debate having closed, the bill
was read by sections for amendment.
Mr. Butler offered the amendment suggested
by him and it was agreed to.
Mr. Conger moved to make the interest seven
per cent, instead of five. Rejected.
Mr. Conger then moved to make the interest
six per cent, Rejected, 71 to 86.
The committee then rose and reported the
bill and amendments. The amendments were
agreed to, and then the bill passed, yeas 118,
Mr. Sayler then moved to re-consider the vote
by which the bill was passed, and moved to lay
that motion on the table, on which Conger,
owing to the closeness of the vote, called for
the yeas and nays, which were ordered, and re
sulted yeas 121, nays 105. So the motion to
reconsider was laid on the table.
Mr. Foster, from the committee on appio
priations,reported the bill appropriating thirty
thousand dollars foi the contingent fund of
the house. Passed.
Mr. Springer called up the report of the
committee on elections in the Massachusetts
contested election case, the report of the ma
jority being that Dean, the contestant, is en
titled to the seat,and that of the minority being
in favor of Field, the sitting member. After
an opening speech by Mr. Springer, the House
Numerous Bills on Their Final Passage
North Wisconsin Railroad Extension Bill
Concurred InOther Legislation for the
Northwestern Part of the State.
[Special Telegram to THE GLOBE.J
MADISON, WIS., March 14.The Legislature
worked hard to-day and ground through con
siderable legislation. In the Senate the com
mittee on finance, banks and insurance, report
ed the annual budget which provides for the
levy of four hundred and five thousand dollars
foi cm rent expenses for the present fiscal year.
The rules were suspended and the bill passed.
Among the many .bills concurred in wereto
extend time foi the completion of
the North Wisconsin railroad under
suspension of mles codifying the liquor laws
authorizing and requiring the Governor to in
vestigate the claims of the State to swamp and
verflowed lands therein relative to normal
schools to extend the time for continuation
and completion of the Chicago, Portage & Su
perioi railway relative to a free bridge over
the St. Croix river in Burnett county to pie
vent the adulteration of milk in butter and
cheese factories in the State.
In the Assembly, bills passed amending the
levised statutes concerning the appropriation of
certain property being deemed laiceny grant
ing to Richard B. Kempster and others a right
to establish a ferry across the Mississippi river
in Buffalo county to prevent accidents caused
by persons interfering with railroad trains
while in motion to define certain offenses and
to prescribe the punishment therefor to amend
the laws authorizing the organization of corpo
rations for othei than manufacturing purposes,
&c., relating to the elective franchise,, and
amendatory of the registry law and the bill to
provide foi the representation of Wisconsin in
the international prison congress of 1888.
Sergeant-at-arms Brayton, of the Senate, was
the recipient of a handsome set of Dickens'
works, and two steel engravings representing
faith and hope, by the employes of the Senate
In the Assembly this afternooon Senate bills
were concurred in to amend chapter 119 of the
general laws of 1872, relating to railroads and
the organization of railroad companies relat
ing to swamp and overflowed lands in Mani
towoc and Calumet counties providing for
the publication of reports, and the collection
and catalogue of the State Historical society
to legalize acts of the common council of
Chippewa Falls to enable associations to in
crease their capital stock relating to fore
closure of mortgages, and amending of sec
tion 7, chapter 124 revised statutes. The bill
for enlargement of the State capitol was tabled
ayes 57, nays 86.
Special Telegram to THE GLOBE. 1
MADISON, Wis., March 14.In the Assembly
to-night bills passed to provide for auditing
the accounts of the several State charitable
and penal institutions, and for disbursing
funds appropriated thereto and to authorize
the construction of a dam across Caterel river,
Chippewa county. Senate bills were concurred
in, to prescribe the license fees and charges
that insurance companies doing business in the
State shall pay, and exempting their
personal property from taxation amending the
charter of the city of Portage to further provide
for the care of insane incorporating the Ger
mantown Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance com
pany and to provide for the collection of
statistics relating to the principal farm pro
ducts of the State. In the Senate a bill passed
providing for the appointment of commission
eis to look into the school book matter. A
bill relating to change in the assessment laws
laid over until to-morrow. A bill relating to
registration of voters was concurred in.
Chicago's Economy Alarming Insurance
NEW YOBK, March 14.The order of the
mayor of Chicago, retiring a large portion of
the fire brigade of that city, has caused some
feeling in fire insurance circles of New York,
and the provincial committee of the national
board of underwriters has instructed its
agent in Chicago to forward definite details
to the board, as to the effect of the order, the
strength of t' fire department now, and
when the order shall be carried out, the dis
tricts that would be imperiled by the pro
posed course, and such other matters as
would guide the board in its action.
An Innocent Little Murderer.
PHILADELPHIA, March 14.In the case of
Charles Welch, the hoy of 12 years old,
charged with shooting and killing Robert
McAdam, a playmate, some days ago, the
coroner's jury rendered a verdict that the
shooting was accidental, the foreman ex
plaining that the jury thought the Uby was
not aware of the dangerous character of the
weapon, and that there was no evidence of
intent to commit murder. The boy was set
ps*4- T. "-S-4. -sen's* "W-S-S ^9*S
BEARING ON WHAT'S GOING ON IN
Carl Schurz Replies to Blaine Concerning:
Timber TrespassersThe Educational
Scheme for Disposing: of the Public Lands
NominationsA Decision of Interest
to Homestead SettlersOther Washington
News of Yesterday.
WASHINGTON, March 14.Secretary Schurz
being asked what he thought of yesterday's de
bate in the Senate upon the prosecution of
timber depredators in Montana said: Some
Senators attack the interior department for
doing a thing it has not done, and scarcely
mentioned the thing it has really done. We
are arraigned for having persecuted settlers and
miners, who wanted a little wood and timber
for their stores and mines, while we really had
only prosecuted speculators who had depreda
ted upon the public lands on a large scale for
the sake of personal profit. Under instructions
of this department, not a settler nor miner has
been touched, except where persons had cut
timber under cover of fraudulent pre-emption
or hcraestead claims. When these speculators
obtained from five to eight dollars per cord fox
wood, and from $20 to $60 per thousand feet
for manuractured lumber, which they have
taken from the public lands, they
could afford to pay the gov
ernment at least a small part of their
profit, as the people in other parts of the coun
try have to do. As to depopulating the terri
tories, there is no Bigns of that, either in Mon
tana or any other territory, in consequence of
the action of the interior department. But it
is a serious fact that the consumption of tim
ber, which persons take for nothing from the
public lands, will be infinitely more wasteful
than if they have to pay for it. In this way
the mountain Bides in these territories will
very soon be stripped of the forests, and the
forests once destroyed, the mountain sides will
Vemain bare forever. If that goes on in the
present wasteful manner only a short period
longer, then these territories will in part be
come uninhabitable and depopulated, especi
ally the valleys which depend upon a regular
supply of water. If the consumption of tim
ber can be reduced to the actual necessitiss of
the people by the action of the government,
and the waste now going on be prevented, the
territories, instead of being depopulated, will
be protected against the most disastrous con
sequences, which otherwise must necessarily
ensue. I notice that our method
of doing this has been called unAmerican. I
never thought it was unAmerican to prevent
stealing, or to enforce the taws. We are bound
to execute the laws as they are as well as we
can. If these laws are not as they should be,
it is the business of Congress to make them so.
The operations of the department for preven
tion of timber devastation apply only in a
very limited extent to the territories. The
principal field of operations is in the timber
growing States, such as Minnesota, Michigan,
Wisconsin, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and
Mr. Schurz being asked whether he had
made a speech while in the Senate on the
moiety system, denouncing spies in the reve
nue service, said that so far as he could remem
ber he had not uttered a word in that debate,
nor in any other about spies. Those who were
called spies in the employ of the interior de
partment, were simply agents who were sent
out to discover what depredations had been
committed, and who committed them, and if
the department wanted to know anything
about the matter, these agents '-ad to be called
upon for information, as the depredators are
not in the habit of reporting themselves-..
The Lands for Education.
WASHINGTON, March 14.The committee on
education^ and labor to-day instructed Mr.
Goode, chairman, to report a bill providing
that the net proceeds of sales of public lands
shall forever be consecrated and set apart for
the education of the people. The act is not to
have any effect to repeal, impair or suspend
any law authorizing the pre-emption of public
lands or the entry of public lands for home
stead, nor as limiting in any manner the power
of Congress to alter or extend the right of
homested upon such lands nor shall it be held
to limit or abridge the power of Congress over
the public domain, or interfere with granting
bounty lands. The secretary of the treasury is
required on or before the 31st of July each
year to apportion to the several States and
Territories and to the District of Columbia,
upon the basis of population of said States and
Territories, between the ages of 15 and 21
years, the net proceeds-of the sales of public
lands for the previous year provided
that after five years half of said
net proceeds, and after ten years, the whole
sum shall be set apart as an educational fund,
which said funds shall be invested in bonds of
the United States, bearing a rate of interest not
less than four per centum per annum, both
principal and interest payable in cointhe
interest on such educational fund only to be
appropriated as above provided and that for
the first ten years the distribution of the net
proceeds and interest of the fund to and among
the several States, Territories, and District of
Columbia shall be made according to the num
ber of their respective population of ten years
old and upward, who cannot read and write, as
shown from time to time by the preceding
published census of the United States. The
apportionment is to be made on or before the
81st of July, 1878, when the States and Terri
tories shall be entitled to receive their dis
Mr. Goode will offer an amendment providing
that one-fourth the money appropriated by this
bill shall be given to agricultural colleges and
institutions of learning established in accord
ance with the act of Congress of July 2d, 1862,
unless in any case the State Legislature shall
The Navy Appropriation Rill.
WASHINGTON, March 14.The navy appropri
ation bill recently introduced in the House by
Representative Clymer appropriated a total sum
of $14,048,634. Throughout the bill the specific
objects of the appropriations are stated. Only
one million five hundred thousand dollars are
appropriated for the preservation of vessels on
the stocks and in the ordinary purchase of ma
terials and stores of all kinds, labor in the navy
yards and foreign stations, the preservation of
materials, purchase of tools, wear, tear and re
pair of vessels afloat, and for the general care
and protection of the navy in the line of con
struction and repair, incidental expenses, name
ly' advertising and foreign postage.
The Pickens County Campaign.
WASHINGTON, March 14.Collector Brayton,
at Greenville, S. telegraphs to the commis
sioner of internal revenue, that he has organ
ized a force of fifty men who are now on their
way to Pickens county. Redmond, with thirty
men. followed Capt. Hoffman's force of eight
men. all day Tuesday. They being power
less to contend with Redmond's gang, retreated
toTSarley, waiting reinforcements. Redmond
has ordered the citizens at their peril not to
furnish food or shelter to the revenue officers.
Warrants will be procured for the jail breakers
and other revenue cnlprits, and they will either
be captured or become fugitives.
Union Pacific Directors^ J|*
WASHINGTON, March 14*f-The terms of office
of government directors of the Union Pacific
ratlroad expired last Sunday. The President
and Secretary Scharz had a conference to-day
ou the subject of new appointments to fill the
board. Their names will be submitted to the
cabinet to-morrow. It is probable that Chad
wick onlywill be reappointed. James F. WU-
ST. PAUL, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 15, 1878.
son is not a candidate for reappointment. G.
B. Smyth, of Iowa, will be his successor.
WASHINGTON, March 14.The committee on
ways and means made a number more changes
in the tariff bill to-day. Among them:Salt in
bags, sacks, barrels or other packages, 12 cents
per hundred pounds in bulk, 8 cents per hun
dred pounds. New types and type metal, 20
per cent, ad valorem.
Ten thousand new silver dollars were re
ceived at the treasury to-day, and about 83,000
has been paid out in exchange for gold.
The President has nominated for United
States consuls: Thos. M. Dawson, of Califor
nia, at Opia G. W. Roosevelt, of Pennsylvania,
at Auckland. Collectors of customsEdward
Hopkins, district of St. John's, Fla. Wm. T.
Lawson, eastern district of Maryland. Wm. G.
Choate, district judge, southern district of New
York. PostmastersD. Batterlee, Dunlap, la.
A. M. Lnke, Jeffersonville, Ind. H. H. Oplin,
West Bay City, Mich. N. E. Chapman, Hia
The Senate committee on post offices and
post roads to-day resumed consideration of
Alexander Reed's nomination as postmaster for
Toledo, but reached no conclusion.
The Senate committee on commerce unani
mously agreed to report favorably the nomina
tion of Alanson H. Beard to be collector of cus
toms at Bmton.
A M|wf#xioui rViisaco'ftl Slated that within*SJWS&
radius of 75 miles of that place the public lands
have been denuded of more timber than iu the
same radius in any other locality in the United
States. It is estimated that about seven-tenths
of the lumber shipped from Pensacola is taken
from the public domain, and that $200,000
could be recovered for the government if cases
were properly prosecuted.
The Senate sub-committe in charge ot various
bills concerning trans-continental railway com
munication on or near the 32d parallel, re
ported favorably on the Texas Pacific project,
and submitted to the full committee a copy of
the bill agreed upon by the House
Pacific railroad committee. The full
committee began discussion of the
measure, and adjourned till Tuesday next,
when the final action is expected. The sub
committee is composed of Senators Matthews,
Saunders, Dorsey, Barnum and Ransom.
The secretary of the treasury says the re
port that he has decided to sell a large amount
of 4% per cent bonds, IB erroneous. He has
made no such decision.
The total subscriptions to the 4 per cent,
bonds since the date of the treasury circular,
July 4th, advertizing the loan, is $3,500,000.
The subscriptions the present month to date,
aggregates half a million. To-day's subscrip
tions did not go above sixteen thousand dol
The secretary of the interior has decided that
a pre-emption filing is not absolutely lequired
in making a homestead entry, and that it may
be entirely dispensed with in making final
proof therein. This ruling will save settlers a
great deal of inconvenience and expense.
Republican Majority About One
CONCOBD, N. H., March 14.Returns are
in from all towns in the State except sixteen.
The Governor's vote foots up: Prescott, 38,-
520 McKean, 36,571 scattering, 535.
The sixteen towns to hear from voted last
year, Prescott, 908 Marcy, 1,180 scatter
ing 5. Beckoning the vote of these 16
towns the same as last year, Prescott's plur
ality will be 1,675. Prescott's vote last year
was 40,757, this year 39,419Republican
loss 133. Marcey's vote last year was 36,726
McKean's vote this year 37,769 Democratic
gain of 1,043 scattering vote last year 399,
this year 536. Prohibition and Greenback
votes are counted as scattering.* Total vote
last year 77,882 this year 77,723.
ONLY A FEW FAILURES.
The Marsh Harvester Company Embar
rassedOther Trade Disasters.
CHICAGO, March 14.A number of credit
ors of the Marsh Harvester company of
Sycamore and Chicago, have filed a petition
asking that it be adjudged bankrupt. The
creditors represent $197,000 of indebted
ness, and the claim is set up that the debtors
made a fraudulent assignment of a large
amount of property to Arthur M. Starke.
The company has been greatly embarrassed
by the recent failure of J. D. Easter & Co.,
with which firm it had intimate business re
lations. A speedy adjustment is expected,
and the managers will probably resume bus
OTTAWA, March 14.The liabilities of E.
McGilivnay, an insolvent lumber merchant,
are direct, $29,000 indirect, nearly $800,000:
assets, $ 100,000.
S T. JOHNS, N. B., March 14.J. H. Hegan
& Co., a dry goods and carpet firm, whose
liabilities are $180,000, have compromised at
40 cents on the dollar.
N EW YOBK, March 14.Jehial, Head &
Co., wholesale dealers in hats and straw
goods, have suspended. Liabilities about
$100,000. The firm have business connec
tions in St. Louis.
Joseph E. Marks, a Southern commission
merchant, has suspended, with liabilities
NEW ORLEANS, La., March 14.The fail
ure of R. T. Buckner & Bro., cotton factors,
Room for VisitorsFire at Helena, Ark.
MEMPHIS, Term., March 14.A special
from Dr. Lawrence, chairman of the execu
tive relief committee of Hot Springs, in re
ply to a general correspondence regarding
the accommodation of visitors, &c., states
to the public that the commercial portion of
Hot Springs mostly was destroyed by the
late fixe, but that all visitors can be comfort
ably cared for throughout the entire year.
An Avalanche special from Helena, Ark.,
reports a fire now raging, which has de
stroyed the machine shop of the Central
railway. The loss is mostly in machinery.
The fire is under control.
Poor Little Maggie Adams.
PATEBSON, N. J., March 14.Maggie Ad
ams, aged three years, whose parents live in
New York, but who has been stopping here
with her grandfather, Thomas Adams, while
out with the latter, ran before an approach
ing freight train at the Erie depot and had
both legs torn off at the thighs. The grand
father, in attempting a rescue, was severely
A Reverend Murderer.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., March 14.Reverend
Brown Cable (colored) was hanged at AVin
chester, at 3 p. M. to-day, for the murder of
Felix Gardiner, (colored). June 23d, 1876.
Nearly 10,000 people witnessed the execu
tion. His neck was broken in the fall, and
he died within seven minutes,
A School Ma'am's Forgeries.
MEMPHIS, Tenn., March 15.Miss Mary
Hampton, a prominent school teacher in the
public schools of this city, was discovered to
day as a forger, she having forged the names
of Superintendent Leath, and other prominent
persona to notes, on which she got from the
bank and private parties 93,500.
Murder and Suicide.
YONKERS, N. Y., March 14.Heron Merritt
this afternoon shot and killed Marshal-. Leg
gett, and then shot and killed himself.
SEEKING DEATH TOGETHER.
A Man and Woman Allow Themselves to be
Strueh by an Express TrainFatal Conse-
quencesTJietr Motives UnJcnoien.
[Boston Herald, March 5.]
A most shocking affair, which is supposed
by some to have been a case of deliberate
suicide, occurred on the Boston and Lowell
railroad, at East Cambridge, yesterday morn
ing, the victims being a husband and wife,
Mr. and Mrs. Josiah Wheeler, residents of
this city. Shortly after nine o'clock they
passed np the track above the station, and
had reached the bridge where the road
crosses the Fitchburg road, when the half
past eight a. m. express train from Lowell
came in sight. The engineer, Si" Henstis,
discerned the couple approaching and blew
the whistle, but they paid no attention,
at the train,
whistled again and
couple continued to
gineer and brakemen did everything in their
power to stop the train, bat without success,
and the engine struck the couple just as they
stepped on the bridge. The man was thrown
about six feet in the air, and over the trestle-
ALX AROUND THE GLOBE.
James Hair Freswell, the author, is dead.f
The Commercial Exchange of Philadelphia
is making arrangements to receive a visit
from President Hayes.
A telegram from Soult Ste Marie yester
day afternoon reports the river free of ice,
excepting in Mud Lake where it is four or
five inches thick but very porous.
Greenville Tremain. son of Lyman Tre
main, and candidate for attorney-general
of New York, on the Republican ticket last
fall, died at Albany yesterday of typhoid
Erail Thomas, late sheriff of St. Louis,
having failed te pay over fees collected,
has been sued for $13,000 on his official
bond. The suit is brought at the instance
of the circuit court. There are other claims
Commodore Robert F. Pinkney died at
Baltimore yesterday morning, in his sixty
seventh year. At the outbreak of the civil
war, deceased was a captain in the United
States navy, from which he resigned and
entered the confederate service.
How Senator Trade Bestowed Charity.
To the editor of the New York SunSir:
I am pleased with your kind remarks on
Senator Wade. A more fearless, honest,
truthful man never occupied a senatorial
chair. I knew him well and intimately for
years, and his kindness and generosity were
only equaled by his liberality. I recollect
one summer afternoon being with him and
the late John L. Schoolcraft in the basement
room of Governor Seward's residence, in
Washington, on street, franking the Gov
ernor's speeches. A colored man entered
with a subscription paper for the purchase of
his freedom. The man was likely-looking,
and seemed about twenty-five years of age.
The Senator stopped a moment, looked up at
him, and said: "Hdw much does it cost to
buy your freedom?" "Four hundred dollars,"
was the answer. "I have $300 subscribed."
In his bluff way, the Senator said "Why
don't you run away, you black rascal?" and
before the answer was given, and without an
other word, he took from his pocket a gold
I eagle, slyly slipped it into the man's hand,
and turned to his franking. Senator Wade
was not wealthy, and this was more to him
than a hundred eagles would have been to
some men.^ M.
Another Criminal Idiot.
WINONA, Minn., March 14.Last night
Conrad Enderlein was cleaning his gun by
firing powder from it. The charge struck
Mrs. Charles Byersted in the face, burning
her badly and destroying the sight of one
eye. She was lying oa a sofa, about eight
feet from the muzzle.
Balancing the Hayes Accounts.
[St. Louis Globe-DemocratRep.]
Mr. Hayes, assuming the presidency un
der the most favorable auspices, finds him
self in less than a year of so little conse
quence that he is denied even the courtesy
guaranteed to him by the7
feet. He was killed instantly, and his body
and head were shocldngly mangled. The
woman was thrown across the outward track
and upward against the fence. Her left leg,
which probably got caught in the trestle
work of the bridge, was broken in several
places, and her nose was crushed and her
skull fractured. As soon as the train was
stopped the body of the man was placed in
the baggage-car and the woman was taken
into a passenger-car, and everything possi
ble was done to bring her to con
sciousness by the conductor of the train.
Mr. Lewis Taplin. Before reaching the city
she revived sufficiently to exclaim, "My poor
husband." She said her name was Alice
'Wheeler, and that she lived on Merrimac
street. Immediately after this she again
became unconscious. Upon the arrival of
the train in this city, the body of the man
was taken to the morgue, by officers of Sta
tion 3, while the woman was taken to the
Massachusetts General Hospital, where she
had her leg amputated. She lived but a
short time, dying shortly before noon. Med
ical Examiner Hildreth, of Cambridge, was
notified, and at about noon he viewed the
body of the man.
Effects found on the persons of the de
ceased did not establish their identity to a
certainty, but investigations last evening
brought out the following facts: The un
fortunate couple have resided for the past
week at No. 22 Merrimac street, this city.
Mr Ledger, proprietor of the place, says the
couple boarded with him several weeks last
fall, and that last Monday they came back
and remained in their room,working at their
business, which was the manufacture of rus
tic furniture, until yesterday morning. He
says he knows little about the personal his
tory of either party, beyond the fact that
Wheeler was 23 years of age, and was a
native of this city, having been born, as he
(Wheeler) told him, on Fort Hill. He says
that "Wheeler often spoke of an aunt of his
(whom he described as being well off) resid
ing on Dover street, but never gave her name.
The woman was about twenty-five years of
age, but being careworn, would be likely to
pass as ten or more years older. Smf
also was a native of Boston. Neither
of the parties were in the habit of
indulging to excess in intoxicants, and
although poor, and perhaps at times suf
fering for the necessaries of life, still they
never appeared despondent, and lived very
happily together. Mr. Ledger says that they
left bis house in the best of spirits, saying
that they were going into the country to
obtain some birch limbs for the purpose
making some rustic chairs, and that they
would return that evening. The officials of
of the railroad look upon this shocking affair
not as an accident, but as a case of deliberate
that instrument, in providing that a vetoed
bill shall be "reconsidered," certainly means
something morejhan that it shall be poshed
THE WAR QUESTION STILL AT VOINT
Grant Continues His Journey in a Govern
ment Vessel-A Russian Concession to
New YorkersEns-land Requires All of
the Peace Terau* to be Submitted to the
PowersRecognition of Diaa Withheld
by the British CabinetA Russian Hint
That the Sultan's Cabinet Would Tell
Secrets to the British Minister.
THE BRITISH BEQuTBEMENT.
LONDON, March 14.In the House of
Commons this afternoon Sir Stafford North
cote, chancellor of the exchequer, stated if
the mutiny bill and certain estimates are
passed, the House will rise the 16th or 18th
of April, till the 6th of May for the Easter
recess. The chancellor also stated that he
will introduce the budget the fourth of April.
In reply to a question the chancellor said the
government has agreed to take part in the
congress. The government is now oommn-
with the various powers regarding
beneatri. a distance of some twenty The Chancellor also aaid h nnM
OH-*MBbr*e nter the congreflsT
Th Chancello also said he could not
enter into details, but he might say that in
the congress each power would maintain
liberty of action. It was not intended that
the majority should bind the minority.
England will maintain her views in the
congress and will require before entering it
that every article of the treaty of peace shall Me Gets a
be placed before the congress in such a
manner that the congress can judge whether
the articles are to be adopted or not.
PEACE OB V. AB NOTES.
VIENNA, March 14.Russia has intimated
her desire that the congress meet the 4th of
April, the 22d anniversay of the signature of
the treaty of Paris. The Austrian govern
me nt firmly anticipates that the congress will
assemble on that day.
BEBLTN, March 14.The Anglo-Austrian
demand that the whole of the Turko-Russo
agreement shall be submitted to Congress
arises from a belief that special and secret
arrangements have been entered into inde
pendent of the principal treaty.
A CONIXICT WITH THE VATICAN.
ROME, March 14.The government's ac
tion touching the bishopric of Salerno must
lead to a conflict with the Vatican. Ihe
royal procurator maintains that seven arch
bishoprics and seven bishoprics in the former
kingdom of Naples are under crown patron
age by virtue of the concession of Clement
VII. to Charles V.
ENGLAND AND MEXICO.
In the House of Lords to-night the terri
torial waters jurisdiction bill passed the
In the House of Commons Mr. Bourke,
under foreign secretary, replied to an inquiry
that the government still thought that in
view of the cause of breaking off diplomatic
relations with Mexico, the initiative for their
renewal could not come from England.
BUSSIA NOT SO CONnDING.
ST. PETEBSBtrRG, March 14.The Ayenee
Rune, commenting on the Berlin dispatch,
intimating that secret arrangements have
been made between Russia and Turkey,
says: Russia is not so confiding as to con
clude secret clauses with Turkey, when she
knows that the slightest transactions are
communicated to Minister Layard. In re
gard to England's claim of the right
to examine the whole treaty at
the congress and withdraw from the meeting
in ceitain contingencies, the Ayenee points
out that every power will enter the congress
with full liberty as to the attitude it may as
sume relative to the claims brought forward
and decisions arrived at.
Subscriptions for the new issue of fifty
million roubles in treasury bonds were
opened here Wednesday. It is officially
stated that the whole amount was imme
LONDON, March 15.Gladstone, in re
plying to a renewed invitation to stand for
Leeds, points out that he may remain rep
resentative for Greenwich two years longer.
He declares he has positively decided to
take no measure at present to become a
candidate for any new constituency. It is
thought Gladstone will eventually be re
turned from Flintburghs.
ATHENS, March 14.The King visited and
took luncheon with General Grant at the
American legation to-day. The General
sailed this morning for Naples,
MADRID, March 14.A royal ordinance has
been promulgated to the effect that the ton
nage indicated in the papers of vessels from
the United States shall be accepted as correct
in Spain and the Spanish colonies.
S T. PETERSBURG, March 14.The emperor
has signed a charter authorizing L. B. Shaw,
E. G. Burgess, T. B. Lane and other New
York capitalists to erect and operate gram
elevators throughout the empire.
LONDON, March 15,In the House of
Commons last night Sir Robert Peel objectr
ed to Lord Lyons representing England in
the congress, because his opinions were op
posed to those of Layard and Sir Henry
Elliott. SirStaflord Northcote replied that
the government and not Lord Lyons was
responsible for England's course at the
ROME, March 14.The pope has charged
the prelates to examine the affairs of the
church in Poland, and propose a solution of
LONDON. March 15.The Standard an
nounces that the admiralty has ordered all
outward bound men of war to be detained
to strengthen the Mediterranean fleet,
LATITUDE FOB THE POPE.
A Rome correspondent hears from high
authority that the Cardinals have declared
that the pontiff can, under certain reserva
tions, renounce in the interests of the
church material property of the church.
This opinion has been asked so as to free the
pope from being perpetually bound by con
siderations relative to temporal power.
A Berlin correspondent states that an
early meeting of the congress is no longer
probable. Russia displays no particular
anxiety for it to meet at all, in consequence
of England's and Austria's demand that the
whole treaty be submitted.
WANTS A CONFERENCE.-
A Berlin dispatch sayB the Pope has indi
rectly expressed a wish for a compromise
with Russia and Germany.
A Vienna correspondent says Russia does
not contest the right of the congress to de
tie what clauses of the treaty involve Euro-
pean interests. England demands that the
congress shall have power to discuss all
clauses. Neither power seems to be disposed
to give way. Thus, unless a compromise is
arranged, fresh difficulties, and not a formal
one merely, may arise, causing delay, if
Italy and Germany, while assenting in
principle to the admission of Greece to the
congress, think the congress should formally
decide the matter. Austria coincides, but
is willing to have the matter decided before
the meeting, if the question of the admis
sion of vassal States is not thereby preju
A Paris correspondent reports that Serria
has formerly claimed admission to the con-
LOOKING AFTEB EGYPT.
It is now certain that England has unre
servedly adhered to the French proposal for
investigation into the financial affairs of
Egypt and administrative reforms. Nobody
will oppose England's freeing Egypt from
vassalage if she acts in accord with other
LONDON. March 15.A special from
Vienna says it is certain that the Porte, at
the instigation of Russia, has decided to op
pose tha-occupation of Bosnia and Herze
COMING TO SEE US,
VIENHA, March 14.The new Free Pressr
states that the Crown Prince of Austria will
shortly visit the United States and Brazil.
JAY GOULD'S GAME.
Good Solid Snub from. Senator
[Washington Special to Chicago Times.]
It is Judge Thurman's intention, at an
early day, to press the consideration of his
bill forcing the Union Pacific railroad to
give the government good security for its
indebtedness. Under the ruling of the
supreme court the interest is not due until
the maturity of the bonds. When this time
comes it is folly to suppose that the govern
ment will ever realize the enormous sum
that the accumulated interest and amount
of principal will aggregate a much larger
sum than the entire road and its properties
are worth. The Union Pacific railroad com
pany, after having had the use of the road
and its immense profits for years, would
throw up the road to the government rather
than pay their indebtedness.
Jay Gould is understood to be close
pressed in carrying the stock of this road,
and he is here watching very closely any
legislation looking toward forcing the road
to pay its dues to the government. Any
such result would undoubtedly depress the
stock, and possibly prove his ruin. He has
been a successful operator with the Legisla
ture at Albany, and he has transferred his
Albany tactics here. His mode is to come
directly to his men, and employ no third
party or agents.
Senator McDonald, who is a member of
the judiciary committee, before which the
legislation on the subject of the Union Pa
cific is pending, went to his room the other
day, and he discovered a little man in black
curled up in his most comfortable easy
chair before the open grate. The little,
keen, black-whiskered, darkly attired visitor
arose with a nonchalant air when Senator
McDonald entered, and said:
'You are Senator McDonald, I presume?"
'Yes," said McDonald.
''My name is Jay Gould, of New York,"
said the visitor.
"Ah!" was the reply.
"You are a member of the Senate judiciary
committee, are you not?"'
"I am," said McDonald.
'I have very heavy interests pending be
fore your committee," said Gould, with great
emphasis upon the word "heavy." And
then with a sinister grin he added: "I have
come to see you about them," slowly and
carefully emphasizing the word "see," as he
looked McDonald straight in the face.
Gould's manner put McDonald upon his
guard at once. He arose and said in a frig
idly cold tone of voice, "Mr. Gould, you
cannot she or talk to me upon the subject of
Union Pacific interests except in the judiciary
committee room and before the committee."
Gould laughed in reply, in a sort of con
temptuous way, as if he had no faith in Mc
Donald's protestations, and began in a
wheedling way, after the fashion of the old
gentleman in black, to talk about his inter
ests, how much they were, and what great
sums were involved, when McDonald put an
end to the conversation by putting on his
coat and hat as he said, "Mr. Gould, I am
going out of this room. I shall not listen to
you, and I think you had better go, too."
This ended the conversation, as Gould saw
that McDonald was in earnest
Forylnff Editorial Thunderbolts.
[New York Graphic]
Process of composing a savage editorial
against the silver men and everybody outside
of New York:
Editor (to sub)Smith, pitch into the pro
silver Western people. They've been and
gone and done it.
SmithAye, aye, sir.
(Writes.) "Liars, plunderers, thieves,
knaves, fools, blunderers, idiots, schem
ers, designing knaves, simpletons, glut
tons, ignorant clods, bars, pirates, re
pudiationists, bummers, loafers, thieves,
liars, scamps, rogues, jail-birds, carrion
crows, jackals, liars, bums, liars, burg
lars, scrubs, footpads, highwaymen,
cormorants, dogs, bums, ought to be
Shoots article up stairs. Editor over
looks manuscript and remarks:
"Splendid, clear, forcible, argumentative,
logical, brilliant. Fine writer, Smith. I
must raise his salary, so that he can move
out of Mulberry street."
Editor-in-chief (to sub-editor)Brown,
stir 'em up South this morning.
(Writes.) "Murderers, assassins, thieves,
plunderers, traitors, ku-klux, stabbers
grabbers, barn-burners, nigger-drivers,
traitors, murderers, garroters, thieves,
robbers. Rape! murderl fire! thieves!
police. Call out the military! Assas
sins, thieves, plunderers, traitors hard
money vermin! Murder! Murder!! Mur-
Shoots article up stairs. Editor inspects
"Good, clear, forcible style, that of Brown.
Vigorous and incisive. Cuts like a knife.
He sees the situation. I must raise Brown
10 cents a week."
Winter Agriculture in Minnesota,
Ed. Smith, of Eagle Creek, planted rye,
timothy and clover the last of January, dur
ing the fine weather we were having then,
and on last Friday, March 1st, he found the
same sprouting finely. He never saw strong
er spronts on the rye than was on this^
Howell, Ganp & Co., hardware dealers of
Cincinnati, who recently suspended, have ef
fected an arrangement with their creditors C?,
at 60 cents on the dollar, the firm giving **MM
their unsecured notes, payable in iostal- Jr*
meats during two years, without interest.