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Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, September 22, 1881, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025287/1881-09-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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Inauguration of the Funeral Services
of the Dead President.
Journey of the Funeral Train to the
National Capitol. •»
Heartfelt Demonstration/ of Sorrow—
The Body in State.
Action of Municipal Authorities— Old
World Tributes.
funeral Observances.
proclamation ny tue governor.
State of Minnesota, ?
Executive Department. $
The death of the President of the United
States bows the nation in profound grief. The
heroic and Christian fortitude with which he
endured prolonged suffering and sought to
live for his country's sake, has touched all
hearts and attuned all voices in national uni
son. In this solemn hour of bereavement it
is meet that a common feeling of sympathy
and sorrow should find a common expression,
and I accordingly recommend that at3o'clock
on next Friday afternoon— the hour
named for religious observances in
the capitol at Washington — the sev
eral religious denominations through
out the State of Minnesota assemble in their
respective places of worship and conduct such
services as may seem to them suited to the
solemn occasion.
And I further recommend that on Monday
next, the 26th inst. — the day appointed for
final funeral ceremonies — the people of Min
nesota, with one accord, close th:ir places of
business, and leave their farms and work
shops, to unite in tributes of reverent and
tender respect to the illustrious dead. 1 sug
gest that, commencing at 2 o'clock p. in. oh
Monday — the hour designated for the funeral
at Cleveland, o.— the bells of churches, fac
tories and public buildings throughout the
State, be tolled for one hour, and that what
ever means are at hand for the purpose,
minute guns be fired at sundown, in ac
cordance with military usage. As Citizen,
Statesman, Soldier, Man and Patriot,
the lamented dead leaves a pi iceless example to
his countrymen. Let us so profit by it, that in
his heroic death, not less than in his noble
life, he will prove to have worthily served his
,^j^\j Given under my hand and the
] L. s. > great seal of state, this 32d day of
< v^rv-w ' September, A. D. 1881.
By the Governor— J. S. Pillsbury.
F. Yon Bacmbach, Secretary of State.
At i.'inij Branch.
Elberoj, Bept. 21.— 1t is understood Presi
dent Arthur has determined to go through
to Cleveland in company with the cabinet. An
additional guard has been placed about the
cottage for the purpose of preserving order
while the remains are lying in Btate. Hun
dreds of people are arriving.
Arrangements have been completed and no
tice given that all those desiring may view the
remains of the president. The line has
formed and the people are passing in single
file through the cottage. Two sentinels are
Bt&tioned at each side of the entrance to prevent
more than one person entering at a time.
The casket is very unpretentious, being cov
ered with black cloth, and with the exception
of silver mountings, perfectly plain. The
only decoration is a large "V" shaped hollow
palm which extends from the face of the cas
ket upwards. The remains are lying in one of
the room 3ou the first floor of the cottage and
people pass in at the east door and without
stopping pass out at the west. The appearance
of the late president is so changed that person 3
familiar with his rational countenance would
scarcely recognize him. The church bells are
tolling and the crowd continues to increase.
The can which are to be used for the funeral
train have just been ma up to Francklyn cot
tage. The engine and coaches are now in
readiness to start. The entire train is heavily
draped in mourning. The line formed from
the hotel to Francklyn cottage has been dimin
ished somewhat, but Ocean avenue, for two
blocks in either direction, is blocked with
vehicles. Extreme solemnity pervades the
L<>no Branch, Sept. 21.— At 9:30 o'clock
Chief Justice Waite, Secretary and Mrs. Blame
and Mrs. Windom, Secretary and Mrs. Hunt,
Postmaster General and Mrs. James, and Sec
retaries Lincoln and Kirkwood, and Attorney
General McVeagh, arrived at Francklyn cot
tage and the doors were closed to visitors.
Religious services were conducted by Rev.
Charles J. Young, of Long Branch. At the
request of Mrs. Garfleld there were present,
besides the family and attendants, only mem
bers of the cabinet and their wives and a few
personal friends, numbering in all not more
than fifty. When the moment for the services
was announced the windows and doors were
closed and a most solemn silence prevailed.
The following scripture was read: "Blessed
are the dead who die in the Lord. Yea saith
the spirit that they may rest from their labors
and their works do follow them." We know,
said the pastor, that if our earthly house of
this tabernacle were dissolved we have a build
ing of God, a house not made with hands,
eternal in the heavens. Therefore we are al
ways confident, knowing that whilst we are at
home in the body we are absent from the
Lord. We are confident, I 6ay, and
willing rather to be absent from
the body and to be present
with the Lord, for me to live in Christ and die
is gain. I am in a strait betwixt the two,
having a desire to depart to be with Christ.
Which is for the better? There the wicked
cease from troubling, and there we may be at
rest, and there shall be no more death, neither
sorrow nor crying. Neither shall there be any
more pain, and tnere shall be no Right there
and they need no candle, neither the light of
the sun, for God giveth them light, and they
shall reign forever and ever. Behold, I
show you a mystery. We shall not all sleep,
but we shall all be changed in a moment, in
the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump,
for the corruptible body must put on incor
ruption, and this mortal must put on immor
tality. So when this, corruptible body shall
have put on incorruption, and this mortal
shall have put on immortality, then shall be
brought to pass the saying that is written:
Death is swallowed up in victory. Oh, death,
where is thy sting? Oh, grave, where is thy
victory? The sting of death is in the strength
of sin; but thanks be to God who giveth us
the victory through our lord, Jesus Christ.
Let us pray:
O thou who walked through the grove of
Bethany, that opened the grave of the brother
in Bethany. 0 thou who hada't compassion
on the widow of Nain, as she bore her be
loved dead. 0 thou who art the same yester
day, to-day, and forever, in whom there is no
variableness nor shadow of turning, have
mercy upon us, in this hour when our bouls
have no where else to fly. But we fly to thee.
Thou knowest the Borrow that we bow
under. 0 thou God of the widow, help
this stricken heart before thee. Help
those children ana those that are not here. Be
their father. Help her in the distant state
who watched over him who lies here in child
hood. Help this nation that is to-day bleeding
and bowed in sorrow before thee. Oh, sanctify
thi3 heavy chastisement to its good. Help
those associated with him in the government.
O Lord, grant from the darkness of this night
of Borrow, there may arise a better day for the
glory of God and good of man. We thank
thee for the record of life that is
closed, for its heroic devotion
to principle. We thank thee
O Lord that he was thy servant that he preached
here by a noble life and example, and that we
can say of him now, blessed are the dead who
die in the Lord, their works do follow them.
Now, Lord, go with this sorrowing company
in this last sad journey. Bear them up and
strengthen them. O, God, bring us at last
at the mourning that has no shrouds, at the
house that has no tears, to the land that has
no death. For Christ's sake, amen.
Immediately after conclusion of the ser
vices Mrs. Garfleld, accompanied by her soi
Harry, Col. Swaim, Mrs. Rockwell, Mis. 1
Mollie Garfield and Miss Rockwell, Dr. Boyn
ton and C. O. Rockwell, left the cottage am
boarded the first coach. The members of th(
cabinet and their wives followed and tooL
seats in the second coach. Mrs. Garfield was
heavily veiled, and in passing to the train ex
hibited the fortitude which has characterized
her manner throughout. In addition to the
immediate members of the family, the
following composed the party ou the train:
Dr. Reyburn, Private Secretary J. S. Brown;
Executive Clerk O. S. Young; J. S. Vanwalk
er, chief clerk of the postoffice department;
John Jamason, railway mail service, postoffice
department; Ridgely Hunt, son of the secre
tary of the navy; C. F. Jamason, Mr. Jay
Stone, private secretary to Secretary Lincoln;
Ex-Sheriff Daggett, of Brooklyn; Capt H. C.
Corbiu, and Messrs. O. Richardson, Richard
Calker, attendants upon the late president and
Mrs. Garfield during their sojourn here.
Just before the train was ready to start, the
following New Jersey state officials, accom
panied by members of the legislature, arrived
and acted as a guard of honor: Gov. Geo. C.
Ludlow, Maj. G. Mott, Adjt Gen. Wm. 8.
Strieker, Quar. Gen. Lewis Perrine, Gen.
Willoughby Weston, Gen. Bird W. Spencer,
Col. S. Perrine, Jr., Secretary o^State Henjy
C. Kelsey, Assistant Secretary ofi State Jan.es
D. Hall, Comptroller E. J. Anderson, Treas-
Geo. M. Wright, and Private Secretary to the
Governor Jas. D. Naas.
A few minutes before 10 the casket was re
moved into the third coach. The attendants
and others who accompanied the party took
seats in the fourth car.
At exactly 10 o'clock the train started from
the cottage, moving from the grounds very
slowly. The train reached Elberon statiou at
10:15 a. m. , and ran up the road about a quar
of a mile from the station, where it was halted.
To this point the special train which brought
President Arthur and Gen. Grant from New
York was run, and guards were stationed
in the vicinity to prevent any annoyance from
the crowd, there being from 500 to 600 persons
there. As soon as President Arthur's train
was stopped alongside the train which bore
the remains, the president and Gen. Grant
stepped across and entered the second car of
the funeral train. Gen. Grant took the sec
ond from the last seat on the right hand side
of the car. President Arthur sat in the next
seat in front of Gen. Grant by himself and the
seat next in front of that in which President
Arthur sat was occupied by Secretary Blame.
As the train moved President Arthur had his
hands on the back of Secretary Blame's seat
and was leaning far waul engaged in conversa
tion with the secretary.
Aiiearance of the Remains.
New York, Sept. 21.— The Evening Post's
special says the president is laid out in the suit
of clothes which he wore on his inauguration
day. His left hand is laid across his breast
after a manner he had in life. This was done
in order to make his resemblance as near to
life as possible. No persons will be allowed
to enter the death chamber, which' has been
put in order as it was when the president was
brought to Elberon. The body is so shrunk
en that artificial means had to be resorted to
to give the clothes the appearance of fittiDg.
In addition to tbe natural shrinking
from his illness the operation conrfect
ed with autopsy has left the body in
an even more emaciated state. A plaster cast
was taken of his face yesterday as well as of
his right hand. In taking the cast of his
hand it was somewhat discolored, so that his
hand will not be seen. The effect of the oil
used upon the face, prior to taking the
cast, disfigured the features somewhat and
slightly altered the color of the face so that
his appearance is very much less natural, even
than it was just after death. The president
had a massive head anl the large bones show
very prominently. His cheeks are fallen in.
The beard has been so arranged about the
parotid gland as to conceal that
scar, and such arrangements have been made
about the hollow a 6 to still further conceal
the swelling which helped to sap away his
life. The undertaker says that, in his opinion,
it will not be safe to expose the body after it
leaves here, the effects of the fluids in em
balming are such as to have already hardened
the features. A number of journalists who
have been so closely watching the president's
case all these weary weeks, were given an op
portunity for the first view of the body. The
sentries stood at either side of the entrance.
lay in the hallway of the lower floor, with a
soldier at the head and foot of it. The coffin
was black; silver handles and black rods ran
along the side, and upon the top wa3 a silver
plate with the following inscription: "James
Abram Garfleld, Born Nov. 9, 1831. Died
President of the United States, Sept. 19, 1881."
The coffin wae lined with white satin across
the top, and crossing each other were two long
leaves of palm. Only the face and shoulders
were visible, and one but needed to know that
all of James A. Garfield lay there to recall the
features so familiar during life.
to those who knew Gen. Garfleld only from
his portraits, could not have been recognized,
the features were no longer there. There was
expression about the lower lip which those
who knew him best would recognize. The
cheeks were sunken, the brow had lost the
massive appearance which characterized it in
life. The involuntary whispered remark of all
as they gazed upon the livid form with a
shudder was, "I never should have recognized
him. How he must have suffered!" The
told how much. It was most marvelous he
lived so long. As the crowd slowly entered
and left the hall, the bell of the chapel in the
distance was tolled. Its tones could be faintly
heard above the roar of the 6ea.
Bulletins of the Journey to Washington.
Elberon, N. J., Sept. 21.— The funeral
train left at 10 a.m. The train passed El
beron station at 10:12 a. m. President Arthur
and Ex-President Grant boarded the train at
this point.
Ocean Grove, N. J., Sept. 21.— The funeral
train passed here at 10:14. The railroad for
half a mile on both sides was lined with peo
ple. On the platform of the depot were from
4,000 to 5,000 ladies and gentlemen. As the
train passed the men stood with uncovered
heads, absolutely silent. The bells tolled and
then the crowd dispersed. Flags are at half
mast and buildings draped.
Monmouth Junction, forty miles from El
beron, was passed at 11:26.
The funeral train passed Princeton Junction
tft 11:35 a. m. There were about3oo or more
students from Princeton, at the Junction, who
iad the track strewn for 100 yards with beau
iful flowers, and who threw some elegant
lowers on the train as it slowed
up. The train passed Trenton,
sixty-one miles from Elberon, at 11:42 and
arrived at Bristol, where it stopped for water,
at 12:05. It passed West Philaheiphia at
12:44. In carrying: President Garfleld to Long
Branch, the special train ran the twenty-five
miles from West Philadelphia to Elberon in
137 minutes. The funeral train occupied 157
minutes. The train left Gray's Ferry at
Philadelphia, Sept. 21.— The funeral
train reached Gray's Ferry Junction at 12:50
p. m. and remained three minutes. Several
hundred people were present, but the plat
form was kept clear by the police. Senator
Jones, of Nevada, disembarked from the
limited express train which preceded the
funeral train and boarded the latter. When
the train slowed up Postmaster General James
alighted and shook hands with two or three
friends. The casket containing the remains
was readily discernible from the platform
through the car window.
When the train passed West Philadelphia
there was a large crowd, which filled Market
street along the top of Gray's ferry tunnel,
watching for its passage. Expressions of
sympathy and sorrow were heard on all sides.
The train passed Chester at 1:08.
The train passed Havre de Grace at 2:32.
The funeral train passed Baltimore at 3:28.
Baltimore, Sent. 21.— The funeral train
passed the union depot without stopping.
Several thousand persons were at the depot
who uncovered heads as it passed and preserv
ing a most respectful silence . Only three or
four persons on the train were visible and rec
ognized, the curtains of the cars being closed.
Washington, Sept 21.— The train bearing
the remains of the late President Garfleld ar
rived here at 4:41 p. m.
At tin- Capital.
Washington, Sept. 21.— The special train
bearing the remains of President Garfleld,
which left Elberon at 10 a. in., reached Wash
ington at 4:35 p. m. The passage from El
beron to Washington was one continued mani
festation of sympatny and sorrow in the popu
lous cities, in the smaller villages, and even
in the country through which this mournful
train passed. Demonstrations of sympathy
and sorrow were ever present. In the larger
cities multitudes assembled and stood abso
lutely silent with heads uncovered, as the train
pyssed by, while the tolling of bells, flags
at half mast and funeral drapery which cov
ered many buildipgs, all added to the sublimi
ty of the scene. At numerous joints along
the route beautiful
were observed, and at several places the track
was literally covered for a distance of more
than 100 yards with ferns
and flowers, even in the country
along the route of the railroad there was no
lack of evidence of affectionate regard, sym
pathy and sorrow. Men, women and children
collected on the porticos of residences near the
track, at crossings and embankments, and
commanding points in view of the train, and
with bowed and uncovered heads for a fleecing
instaut, as the train rushed past, gave evi
dence of their sorrow. Laborers in the field
watched the coming of the train bearing the
dead president, and with uncovered heads stood
mute and sorrowful while the funeral train
A vast throng of people was assembled
about the depot to do honor to the illustrious
dead, every avenue and approach being densely
packed with citizens. A large force of police
were ou duty. The immediate approaches to
the depot were roped off and closed against all
save those participating in the ceremonies, or
who held special cards of admission. A
detachment of military were drawn up
against the east side of Sixth street
north, their right resting on Penn
sylvania avenue. On the opposite
side of the street nearest the depot was a long
line of caariages preceded by the hearse,
which was drawn up directly at the main gate
on the Sixth street side. The hearse used was
furnished by undertaker Spear, ot this city,
and is known as the
it having been awarded the prize at the cen
tennial exhibition. It was draped in black, of
a rich and heavy material, wholly unrelieved
by any other color. It was drawn by six iron
grey horses, whoso trappings were also draped
in sombre black. Just before the train en
tered the depot the platform was cleared by
the police and officers o f the army and navy
to the number ef 130 formed in single rank
on the left facing the train. As tue train
slowly rolled into the depot every head on the
platform was uncovered and a
pervaded the vast throng which, for more
than an hour had been patiently waiting by
the roadside. As soon as Mrs. Garfield, as
sisted by Secretary Blame, descended from
the car, and took his arm on her right, and
that of her son Harry on her left. She walked
directly to the carriage in waiting, her face
completely concealed by a heavy black veil,
which hung nearly to the ground, and what
ever emotions 6he may have experienced were
sacred from the sight of those who gazed
on her. She entered the state carriage, and
was followed by her daughter Mollie, her son
Harry, Mrs. Rockwell and Miss Rockwell. The
others of the presidential party were
President Arthur, who leaned on the arm of
Senator Jones of Nevada; Gen. Grant and
Gen Beale, Gen. Swaiin and Mrs. Swaim, Col.
Rockwell, Col. Corbin, Dr. Bliss and daughter,
Dr. Boynton, Dr. Agnew, Dr. Hamilton, At
torney General MacVeagh, wife and two sons,
Secretary and Mrs. Hunt, Secretary and Mrs.
Lincoln, Postmaster General and Mrs. James,
and Secretary Kirkwood. The first three
carriages received the ladies of the
party who did not accompany
the procession to the capitol. After they had
moved on a short distance from the entrance
the coffin appeared, borne on the shoulders of
eight soldiers of the Second artillery detailed
from the arsenal barracks. On the right, in
single file and headed by Adjutant General
Drum, were the officers of the navy under the
lead of Rear-Admiral Nichols. As the coffin
was borne to the hearse the Marine band, sta
tioned across the street, played
while every head was bowed and many eyes
were dimmed. The strains of the sweetly fa
miliar hymn, the hush that had fallen on the
scene, and the grief mirrored on thousands of
faces, marked the picture with, shadings that
years cannot efface from the memory of those
who stood about the bier of the dead presi
dent. After the coffin had been placed in the
hearse the rest of the party entered carriages
and took places in line. President Arthur's
followed immediately after the hearse, and in
it were President Arthur, Secretary Blame,
Chief Justice Waite and Secretary Wlndoni.
The carriage containing Mrs. Garfield and
daughter was driven down Pennsylvania
avenue to Four-and-a-half street, and thence
to the residence of Attorney General Mac-
Veagh, whose guests they will be during
their stay in the city. As 6Oon as the last of
the presidential party had entered the carriages
the signal was given by bugle, and the mili
tary escort formed in line, and the head of the
procession started on its
n the following order:
Platoon of mounted police.
Gen. Ayers and mounted staff.
Washington light infantry and band.
Union veteran corps. *-
National rifles.
Washington light guards.
Capitai city guards.
United States marine band and drum corps.
Fifty men of a detachment of the United
States marines.
Battery of United States artillery.
Four companys of heavy artillery and one
light battery.
Washington and Columbia Commanderies
Knight Templars.
Then followed the hearse, flanked on either
side by a single line of army and navy
officers, among them being Gen. Sherman and
Gens. Drum, Meigs, Sackett, Poe, Dodge, Mc-
Keever, Ruggles, Breck, Col. Barr, and about
fifty others, and Rear Admiral Nichols, Com
modores English and Lickard, Pay Director
Tooker, Capts. DeKraft and C. H. Wells,
Commanders Howell, Manly, Howison and
Low, Lieuts. Sehroeder, Belden, Wainwright,
Bartlett, Stockton, and Sibree, and about
fifty others of the navy. After the
hearse came the carriage of President Arthur,
with mounted policemen on either side, and
following it half a c"ozen other carriages, with
members of the cabinet and others who ac
compaaied the remains from Elberon. A
platoon of mounted police brought up the
rear. With
the funeral procession moved slowly up the
avenue. A mass of people lined the sidewalks
all the way from Sixth street to the east front
of the capitol, and along this portion of the
route the crowd was apparently as great as
on the occasion of the president's inaugural
procession. As the procession moved
scarcely a sound was heard, save that
from the feet of many men and horses. Hats
were removed and heads bowed as by a com
mon impulse of deep and unfeigned grief,
as the procession moved on toward the capi
tol, at the east front a vast assemblage had
congregated to view the funeral cortege. At
the foot of the steps there was a double file of
senators and representatives, headed by their
respective officers, waiting in respectful si
lence to escort the remains into the rotunda.
At precisely 5:10 the head of the procession,
moving around the south side, arrived at the
east front of the capitol, the arms
of the military being revereed and
bands playing the dead march.
The order was then given to carry arms and
the troops came to a front face, while to the
niullled beat of drums the hearse and its at
tendant train of carriages drew slowly up in
front of the escort.
and heads were reverently "uncovered as the
coffin was carefully lifted from the hearse.
Officers of the army and navy drew up in par
allell lines on either side of the
hearse and the Marine band played
again with much sentiment, "Nearer,
my God, to Thee," as with solemn
tread, the remains of President Garfield were
borne into the rotunda and placed on the cata
falque, the senators and representatives pre
ceding and ranging themselves on each side of
the dais. Close behind the coffin walked Pres
ident Arthur and Secy Blame, who were fol
lowed by Chief Justice Waite, Secy Windom,
Gen. Grant, Secretaries Hunt and Lincoln, and
Attorney General MacVeagh, Secy Kirkwood
and Postmaster General James, Col. Rock
well and Gen. Bwaim, and Gen. Cor
bin and Private Secretary Brown. At 5:25
the lid of the coffin was opened and the face of
tbe president was exposed. Noiselessly Pres
cient Arthur and Secretary Blame approached
and then slowly and sadly passed out of the
hall. A line was formed by Sergeant-at Arms
Bright, and one by one those present advanced
and gazed at the emaciated and discolored
face. The public at large was then admitted,
and hundreds of people testified by their rev
erential conduct and mournful countenances
the sorrow which they felt in looking on the
features of their murdered president. The
body will lay in state until Friday
evening, as already stated. A detail of mem
bers of the Army of the Cumberland have ten
dered their services to act as a guard of honor,
and the offer has been accepted. Two reliefs
have been selected, one of which will be on
duty from 4 until 10, and the Becond from 10
till 3. The first relief is composed as follows:
Col. P. A. Seeley, A. P. Lacey, Col. Clar,
Gen. Starkweather, Major J. J. Noah, Col.
Crittenden, Capt. Bosworth, Major Love,
Capt. Crosby and Col. Kriffer. The foilow
ing will compose the second relief:
Maj. A. P. Williams, Gen. 11. Long, Capt.
D. W. Houghton, C&l. E. C. Ford, Major
Fred Mack, Capt. J. L. Campbell, Sergeant M.
Gardner, Lieut. Ascott, Lieut, G. W. Moore
and.Sergeaut Robert Graham.
began to fall the vast dome of the capitol was
illuminated and the dim light falling on the
mournful drapings aud on the still face of the
dead president served but to heighten the so
lemnity of the scene.
On leaving the capitol President Arthur was
driven directly to the residence of Senator
Jones, of Nevada.
Mrs. Garfield to-day expressed her sincere de
sire not to again see the White house where
she has passed so many days of sorrow and
anxiety, and she will not visit it while in the
city, but will remain at the residence of Gen.
The sub-committee »f the senate committee
of the judiciary appointed to inquire into the
general subject of bankruptcy, held a meeting
to-day, but immediately adjourned, out of re
spect to the memory of the late president. It
will not be called in session again until after
the funeral.
A meeting of such members of the house of
representatives of the Forty-seventh congress
as are in the city was held in the
speaker's room. On motion of John
R. Thomas, of Illinois, John R.
Tucker was called to the chair, aud
on motion of C. W. Shelby, Alabama, Mr.
Thomas was appointed secretary of the meet
ing. The chairman stated the object of the
meeting to be taking such steps as should ap
pear proper and right, to give expression to
the grief and respect felt by the whole people
of the United States for the dead president
On motion of Mr. Shelby it was resolved that
the 6ergeant-at-arms of the house should
notify every member elect-of the forty-seventh
congress of the time and place of President
Garfield's funeral, and request their attend
ance. The senators present in Washington
joined the i epresentatives in this meeting,
and on motioA of Mr. Duzeudorf, of Virginia,
it was determined the senior members and offi
cers of both houses should receive the remains
of the president at the east front of the capi
tol. Mr. Townsend, of Ohio, moved that the
sergeant-at-arms and clerk of the house be re
quested to make the necessary arrangements .
for transportation for the members of both
bodies to Cleveland, to attend the funeral of
the president. Agreed to and adjourned till to
Reception of the Remains.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Sept. 21. — In expectation of
the arrival of the train from Long Branch
wilh the remains of the dead preeident, and
the family and funeral party, the escort had
been drawn up front of the depot, on Sixth
street, as follows: The district uniformed
military, consisting of four companies, num
bering in all about 300 men; the United States
marines, 150 men, with the marine band; four
companies of United States artillery, 125 men;
light battery of United States artillery, 60 men;
and Columbia and Washington Commanderies
[nights Templar. Opposite the depot entrance
was the hearse, drawn by six gray
horses, each attended by a groom.
'he avenue was crowded to an extent quite
equal to that which thronged it on Inaugu
ration day. although there were very few
strangers in the city. Every person in the
district, able to be out, seemed to be there,
and traffic and business were entirely suspend
ed. So great was the crush that the wide
pavement of the avenue was too narrow to con
tain the people, and as the procession advanced
the army officers taking the right side of the
hearse, in reverse order of rank, the juniors
being in front, with Gen. Sherman and staff
near to the body, the naval officers and Rear
Admiral Nichols, in like order on the left,
moved with the hearse to Pennsylvania ave
nue. It had been arranged that the Knights
Templar commandery, of which Gen. Garlield
was a member, should furnish the guard of
honor and walk next to the hearse, but Gen .
Sherman, after his arrival at the depot, chang
ed this order, claiming the right for
the officers of the army and navy. The
Knights Templar, therefore, took the
left of the line. The police
had great difficulty in preserving
the decorum due to the occasion. The people
were anxious to show reverence, and calmed
down at once as soon as the hearse approached,
and as it passed every hat was removed, and
silence fell upon the excited men and women.
The capitol was reached in twenty minutes
from the time of starting. All its approaches,
terraces, stairs and corridors were lined with
spectators. When the hearse reached the east
entrance door there was a delay until the mil
itary escort was perfectly deployed, the Marine
band playing a dirge. Upon the signal being
given, sixteen artillery sergeants who had been
detailed by Gen. Hancock for the purpose,and
who has and will have charge of the handling
of the remains since they were coffined, ad
vanced and took up the casket, which was
carried slowly and carefully up the great
flight of steps upon their shoulders. They had
been drilled to the duty one would think, for
they moved as one man without a jar or fal
ter. It was borne to the rotunda and placed
upon the dais in the center,
In placing it, as the corpse was borne of
course feet foremost, the beams naturally
rested it upon the dais, with the feet toward
the west, This violated the Masonic custom,
and it was at once taken up again and
placed with the head toward the west. Th.9
dais upon which the body of the dead presi
dent now lies, is the same that has held the re
mains of Abraham Lincoln, Thaddeaus
Stevens, Charles Sumnerandßalmon P. Chase.
To the comrades of Gen. Garfleld belonging
to the Army of the Cumberland, residing; in
Washington, had been committed the charge
of the remains during the night. The detail
for this purpose were twenty
men, as follows: Generals J. C. Stark
weather, F. T. Crittenden, Fred, and R. D.
Muzzy; Colonels F. A. Seeley and G. C. Knif
fen; Majors L. P. Williams, H. W. Love and
J. J. Noah; Captains D. W. Houghton, A. P.
Lacy, Ered'k Mack, J. S. Bosworth, J. M.
Came, J. O. Foering, F. W. Crosby; Ser
geants R. Graham, Job Barnard; Privates
Alex. Scott, C. H. Doing, M. Gardner and F.
L. Campbell.
None of the military or naval officers en
tered the capital. Behind the hearse entered
first,J President Arthur, leaning on the arm of
Secretary Blame, General Grant and General
Beale, Secretary Windom and Attorney General
MacVeagh, Secretaries Lincoln and Hunt,
Postmaster General James, and Marshal
Henry. Following these were Chief Justice
Waite, Justices Mathews and Harlan, ex-Jus
tice Strong, Senators Garland, Ingalls, Pugh,
Morgan, Kellogg and Jones, Representatives
Townsend, Tucker, Thomas, Wilson, Sheeley,
Goode, Dezendorf, and others. When these
had passed to the head of the casket the lid
was raised, exposing the face and a email
portion of the body of
President Arthur and Secretary Blame led the
way for a last look at the illustrious dead.
Those who had seen the face of the deceased
atElberon, merely glanced at it and continued
on. Marshal Henry was the first to stop and
look for a few minutes on the emaciated fea
tures of his former friend. He was completely
overcome, and sank kneeling by the casket,
sobbing in an uncontrollable manner. The
contour was gone, the beard was shaven irreg
ularly, the moustache cropped short, the skin
drawn tightly over the sunken temples,
the high cheek bones, the teeth pro
truding through thin lips and the broad
forehead bore
The most intimate friend would not have
recognized in the face of the dead, the former
noble features of President Garfleld. Sena
tor Ingalls staggered back as he stepped from
the dais and caught a lady by the arm, saying
|to her, "It is too horrible. Don't look."
[Many others endeavored to persuade friends
toot to look upon the ghastly figure, and ex
ipressions were quite general that it would
have been better if the face had not been ex
posed to view. It is understood that a
change has taken place in the features since
the body left Elberon. It is evident that the
embalming process has not been successful,
and it is evident that the casket will not be
opened after to-morrow, and possibly it will
be closed to-night.
The funeral party passed out as they came,
and took carriages for their residences. The
military were dismissed. Lines were then
formed, and the immense crowd outside be
gan pouring in at the east door, passing to
the dais between the guards, and each person
looking at the remains and passing out at tne
west entrance.
The Day at the Capitol.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Washington, Sept. 21.— The principal
points of attraction this afternoon were the
capitol and the Baltimore & Potomac station.
Business being entirely suspended and every
one was free to follow his or her inclinations,
and at a very early hour streams of persons
occupied the walks of Pennsylvania avenue,
flowing towards the two places above men
tioned. The majority stopped at the railway
station and awaited th» arrival of the funeral
train, all going to the capitol afterwards, to
find the best places occupied by those who
went there early. The station is more heavily
draped than any other building in the city,
with the exception of the White house. The
benches in the great hall in the center were
removed this morning, so that tbe expected
crowd might have as much room as possible,
under the supposition that the body and the
party in charge of it were to pass through the
reception room in which the
and through the door by which the dead
president entered, arm in arm with Secretary
Blame, the second of July, and thence to the
hearse. Bat instead, the remains were borne
out by a side gate used by the baggage
mon. One hundred policemen were in and
around the station, but they had little to do.
the many thousands of persons outside main
taining good ofder and reverent silence. A
rope was stretched along the curb of Sixth
6treet and across the north side of the intersec
tion with Pennsylvania avenue, along which
the crowd stood, while the center was occul
pied by the various organizations participating
in the procession. The assemblage was the
largest that has been seen since the 4th of
March, every available place for viewing the
funeral cortege having an occupant, while the
multitude on terra iirma was packed very
closely. At the south' end of the rectangle
that had been formed the regular troops were
drawn up, first the artillery and next the ma
rine corps, whose fine band stood just oppo
site the gateway, and was an object of
attraction. The military of the dis
trict came next, the colored troops
occupying the post of honor, just opposite
the station. The civic organizations
occupied the ground in front of the artillery.
All the troops stood in parade rest with colors
6hrouded, drums muffled and arms in crape.
In the center of the hollow
square formed by the crowd were the
hearse, the carriages and the general officers
of the troops. The hearse is of the finest, and
is known as the Centennial. It was drawn by
six gray horses, each led by a young colored
man in a black suit with a mourning sash
across the breast. A fine looking
mulatto drove the horses . Just behind the
hearse stood the carriage of the dead president,
the hadsome team being in charge of faith
ful old Joe, a colored man, who has driven the
presidential equipages for a dozen years. The
carriages of the cabinet, that
of Gen. Beale and Gen. Wright's
and those furnished by the undertaker occu
pying most of the space between the ropes
south of the station. There was a quiet sort
of bustle as the various organizations marched
up to take their allotted places, but at 4:15 it
was quiet. The great multitude remained
motionless and silent, every eye was fixed on
the station, and every ear was listening for the
coming train.
Immediately after the ceremonies at the
Capitol President Arthur repaired to the house
of Senator Jones, where he will remain for
the present. General Grant is also a
guest there. Your correspondent saw the
new president this evening and found him
resting quietly after the fatigue of the day.
The events of the past eighty days and the
newly-added responsibilities upon him
have already borne heavily upon
him. He was quietly conversing
with Gen. Grant, Senator Jones, George H.
Bliss and Gen. Raum, when I called. Presi
dent Arthur will remain at the house of Sena
tor Jones indefinitely, not feeling any disposi
tion to take up his residence at the White
house until time has done something to re
move the unpleasant associations which recent
events have thrown over it. He impresses one
as being fully alive to the gravity of the situa
tion. 1 subsequently had talked with an In
diana friend of the president in regard to na
tional affairs and the probable course Gen.
Arthur will pursue with reference to the extra
session of the senate. He
said there were many things to be considered,
for and against it, the matter had not been
decided, but he doubted very much if the
president called an extra session. The gentle
man opined that it would not be wise to call
an extra session at this time. He thought
.the Democrats would select one of their
own party for president of the senate. Re
ferring to the president's probable course, he
said it would be very codservative. Gen. Ar
thur understands perfectly the delicate posi
tion he occupies, and that the people are not in
a humor to stand a radical policy. Ha
was a thorough politician, in the highest sense
of the word, and his intimate friends were
politicians. The*y would not therefore at
tempt to force any policy upon the people
that would be offensive. But Arthur was not
a man to be deterred from a course he once
set about to pursue, no matter
how severe the criticism of political friends
or enemies. It answer to the question
whether the present cabinet would be retained
Gen. Arthur's friend said: "Yes, for the pres
Closing the Departments.
Washington, Sept. 21.— Orders are being
prepared at the navy department to carry out
the instructsons of the secretary of the navy
relative to appropriate respect to the memory
of the late president, to be observed at all navy
yards, navy stations and on board of alljnaval
vessels. Until the arrival of the secretary it
will not be definitely decided who will consti
tute the naval escort from this city to Cleve
land. Jean French, acting secretary of the
treasury, has issued the following order this
morning as a token of respect to the late pres
ident, J. A. Garfield: "The treasury depart
ment will be closed to public business at 12
o'clock, noon, to-day and remain closed dur
ing Thursday and Friday, Sept. 22 and 23.
Similar instructions have been forwarded by
the members of the cabinet for closing to pub
lic business in their respective departments
until Saturday.
The external mourning emblems at the cap
itol are nearly complete, and although not
very elaborate or of profuse design, are in
perfect taste. The black drapery contrasted
with the white marble of the edifice, forms
spirals of beauty rarely equalled . The rotunda
is heavily draped almost to the top, and the
gilt frames of the historical paintings are
closely covered with crape. The entrance to
the house of congress and house of represen
tatives are also tastefully decorated with em
blems of mourning. „,
Sergeant-at-Arms Bright, of the senate, in
response to his invitation, has received an
swers from the following senators, expressing
their intention to come here: Messrs. Haw
ley, Edmunds, Sewell, Bayard, Blair, Mitch
ell, Sherman, Jones of Florida, Saulsberry
and Hoar. They will arrive before Thursday
evening. Senators Morgan, Johnston, In
galls,Garland,Pugh and MacMillan are now in
the city. Ex-Senator Platt's son telegraphs his
father is in the Adirondacks and health too
precarious to admit of the hurried journey
necessary to be in attendance.
Dispatches are being constantly received by
both sergeants at arms, Bright and Thomp
son, from members of the houses of congress
announcing their departure for Washington.
The members of the army of the Cumber
land visiting in Washington will act as a
guard of honor to the remains while lying in
state in the rotunda of the capitol.
Preparations in Cleveland.
Cleveland, Sept. 21.— The general com
mittee of arrangements appointed yesterday
for the care of President Garfield'B remains
met this afternoon at the mayor's office to
appoint a sub committee for details, and to
take preliminary action. Tenders of services
of the combined German and of other singing
societies have been accepted. A telegram is
received announcing the desire of the Detroit
light infantry to participate in the ceremonies.
Secretary Lincoln telegraphs in response to
the offer of the First Cleveland troops, which
was Garfleld's escort at th« inauguration, to
escort the remains here, that the arrangements
do not provide for any escort before reaching
Cleveland. Memorial meetings are being held
by all manner of religious, ciyil, military, se
cret and other societies. The city flags are
ordered to remain at half mast, and the city
buildings to be draped, for thirty days.
Cleveland, 0., Sept. 21.— Members of
Gen. Garfleld's old regiment, the Forty-second
Ohio, will meet here Monday evening, at
Monumental park, in front of the county
court house, to join the funeral procession.
To-night men began work on the Catafal
que in which Garfield's remains will lie in
state here. It will occupy the center
of Monmouth park and will be imposing in
architecture and dimensions. The platform
will first be erected five feet six inches above
the level ground, approached by a gentle in
cline from the east and west The
catafalque platform will be Bby 16 feet long
and 20 feet high. The canopy on top will be
supported by six columns on each side draped
in black broadcloth and hung with scarlet
garlands of immortelles. Suspended from the
cornice will be festooned black broadcloth with
wreathes of white immortelles. At the four
corners of the car will be standards supporting
flags and at the corners of the canopy cornice
be black and white branch plumes. It will
be drawn by twelve black horses four
abreast, and the four grooms
which officiated at Lincoln's funeral, will be
n attendance here. The horses will be capar
isoned in black broadcloth with silver trim
Some years ago Gen. Garfield, Dr. J. L.
Robinson, Rev. Dr. Everett, of Cincinnati,
and Chaplain Jones, of Garfield's regiraentj
met and entered into an agreement that
when one died the others would attend the
funeral. To-day Dr. Robinson received from
Mrs. Garfield the following dispatch: "In
fulfillment of the old promise please have Dr.
Everett, Chaplain Jones and yourself meet me
at Cleveland."
The Autopsy.
Long Branch, Sept. 20. — The following
official bulletin was prepared at 11 o'clock to
night, by the surgeons who have been in at
tendance upon the late president:
Long Branch, Sept. 20.— 8y previous ar
rangement, a post mortem of the body of
President Garfield wa3 made this afternoon,
in the presence and with the assistance of
Drs. Hamilton, Agnew, Bliss, Barnes, Wood
ward, Reyburn and Andrew H. Smith, of El
beroH, and Acting Assistant Surgeon D. J.
Lamb, of the army medical museum, Wash
ington. The operation was performed by Dr.
Lamb. It was found that the ball, after frac
turing the right eleventh rib, has passed
through the spinal colum in front of the
spinal canal, fracturing the body of the first
lumbar vertebrae, driving a number of small
fragments of bone into adjacent parts, and
lodged just below the pancreas, about two
inches and a half to the left of the
spine and beyond the peritoneum,
where it had become completely encysted. The
immediate cause of death was secondary hem
orrhage from one of the mesentric arteries
adjoining the track of the ball, the blood rup
turing the peritonium and nearly a pint es
caping in the abdominal cavity. This hem
orrhage is believed to be the cause of the ee
vere pain complained of in the lower breast
just before death. An abscess six inches by
four in dimensions was found in the vicinity
of the gall bladder, between the liver and the
transverse collar, which were strangely inter
adherent. It did not involve tne substance of
the liver, and no [communication was found
between it and the wound along the 6uppor
ating channel between the loin muscles and
the right kidney, almost to the right groin.
The channel, now known to be due to the bur
rowing of the pus from the wound was sup
posed during life to have been the track
of the ball. On examination of the
organs of the chest, evidences of severe bron
chitis were found on both sides, with bron
cho-pneumonia of the lower portion of the
right lung. The lung was free from abscesses,
nor were any found in any other organ except
the left kidney, which contained near its sur
face a small abscess about one-third of an inch
in diameter. In reviewing the history of the
case in connection with the autopsy, it is
quite evident that the different suppurating
surfaces and especially the fractured tissue of
the vertebra furnish a sufficient explanation of
the septic condition which existed.
(Signed) D. W. Bliss,
J. K. Barnes,
J. J. Woodward,
R. Reyblrn,
F. H. Hamilton,
D. H. Agneav,
D. J. Lamb,
A. H. Smith.
President Arthur.
New York, Sept. 21.— President Arthur left
his house at 8 a. m. for Elberon, where he
will join the funeral train for Washington.
He was dressed .in mourning, his hat covered
with a heavy black band, and was accompanied
by his private secretary, Col. Reid, and private
meseenger, W. Alexander Powell. It is un
derstood Gen. Grant will go by the same train.
The president looked careworn and anxious.
Called Session of the Senate.
Washington, Sept. 21.— Members of the
cabinet met this evening at the residence of
Secretary Blame to arrange details of the
journey to Olevaland with the body of Presi
dent Garfleld, and telegrams were sent Gover
nor Foster requesting him with his staff to
visit the train at the Ohio state line and accom
pany the party to Cleveland. It was generally
supposed the conference of this evening was
on the subject of a called session of the sen
ate, but it is learned from an authorative
source that condsideration of this subject will
be deferred by President Arthur until after
return from Cleveland.
New York Chamber of Commerce.
New York, Sept. 21.— 1n response to a call
for a special meeting of the chamber of com
merce to take action in regard to the death of
the president, the chamber was crowded to
day by the most prominent members. In
opening the president made a feeling allusion to
the loss the nation had sustained and expressed
the opinion that the history of the last three
months of the late President Garfield would
have a more powerful influence upon man'
kind than his administration of the govern
ment would have produced had he sur
vived the time for which he was
elected. Alluding to his successor, Gen. Ar
thur, he said he had only to use his ability
and experience with integrity of purpose to
secure the respect of his countrymen. Reso
lutions were presented and adopted regretting
his death and eulogizing his memory. The
resolutions continue :
Resolved, That the manner of his death is
a solemn warning to the American people and
makes it our duty to carefully consider the
causes which led to it.
Resolved, That it was a natural result of
party rancor and of the demoralized influence
which the system of appointments to
the civil service has upon weak
and depraved natures, and we earnestly hope
this calamity may lead the people to remedy
the evils which have long been apparent, but
never so clearly as now.
Resolved, That the assassination of the
president, taken in connection with events in
other countries, make 3it necessary for all
civilized nations to provide for the extradition
of murderers, whether the victim be a ruler or
a simple citizen of the state. Liberty has
never been advanced by assassination
nor has it ever assisted good government or
public welfare. Let the assassin then be dealt
with everywhere as a murderer abhorred by
all men.
Addresses la support of the resolutions
were made by Howard Pelton and J. 8. Stran
ahan. Resolutions were also adopted ex
pressive of confidence in President Arthur,
h a»d tendering him the chamber's sincere and
ardent support The chairman was author
ized to appoint a committee of thirteen to
attend the funeral.
A Historic Hearse.
St. Louis, Sept. 21.— Mayor Ewing sent the
following telegram to Mayor Herrick, of
Cleveland, this morning:
The hearse that was used at Springfield on
the occasion of the burial of President Lin
coin, is in this city, in good order, and is ten
dered by the owner, Mr. Jesse Arnott, for use
at Cleveland, on Monday next, if desired. An
The hearse is a, massive, handsome vehicle
the body being of black, gold and silver, the
sides of glass with gold figures burned into
its surface and silver columns dividing it The
rests for the plumes are designed in gold and
silver torches. The owner, Mr. Arnott, had
the hearse built by command of Rodgers, of
Philadelphia, in 1860, at a cost of $4,000. On
the occasion of President Lincoln's death, Mr.
Arnott tendered the uso of the hearse through
Mayor Thomas to the mayor of Springfield.
He also offered six horses and his own ser
vices for the occasion. The tender was ac
cepted, and it is believed the mayor of Cleve
land will accept the present offer.
Guiteau's Punishment.
Washington, D. C, Sept. 21.— The best
lawyers here are still in doubt whether juris
diction to try Guiteau lies in the district of
Columbia or in New Jersey. Some of the
ablest lawyers say the New Jersey authorities
were perfectly right in taking steps to put
the death of the president legally on record,
that, though the shot was fired here, death
from the effects of the shot must be proved,
and if any links in the chain of evidence are
wanting, Guiteau can be tried only for assault
without intention to kill. The United States
supreme court can only take juris
diction of criminal cases on certification
of a difference of opinion from the lower
courts and therefore in order to try Guiteau a
court must have original jurisdiction. Not
withstanding the district attorney's emphatic
statements yesterday that there is law enough
here to try Guiteau, he cannot put his finger
on the law and it may be necessary to arraign
Guiteau in New Jersey in order to properly
punish him.
Everything at the jail is quiet this morning.
Guiteau is described as being somewhat restless
but alternately reads and writes. He is
thought to be engaged writing his reflections
on the shooting and the president's death.
State Preparations for the Sepulture.
Columbus, Ohio, Sept. 21.— Adjutant Gen
eral Smith to-day issued an order to all the
batteries connected with the Ohie militia to
fire minute guns next Monday at 2 o'clock.
An order has been issued for Gov. Foster's
military staff to assemble at Cleveland next
Monday. The governor's guard and barracks
band will leave for Cleveland Sunday night,
Hingman Commandery, the Knight Teci
)lars of Cincinnati has tendered their services
o Gov. Foster as a Masonic escort at
'resident Garfield's funeral at Cleveland. The
Champion City Guards, of Springfield, and
the Dayton Light Guards, have been ordered
to Cleveland for escort duty.
A large meeting of leading citizens was
held to-night, at which eulogies were deliver
ed and resolutions in memory of President
Garfield adopted. It was decided to have the
city properly represented at Cleveland next
Army of the Cumberland.
Chattanooga, Term., Sept. 21.— Weather
delightf ul. Thousands of strangers from the
North and South crowd the city. Nearly 15,
--000 members of the Army of the Cumberland
are here. All the flags are at half mast, and
decorations heavily in mourning. The sol
diers of both armies have badges heavily cov
ered with crape. A telegram was received
from Gen. Sheridan, president of the society,
stating that he was unable to attend, but that
in his opinion it was too late to have the meet
ing postponed. The society formed in pro
cession and marched with muffled drums and
colors draped to the place of meeting at the
court house. Gens. Fullerton.Wilder, Smith,
Cruft and other prominent officers
headed the procession. The meeting
was called to order by Gen. J. T.
Wilder, chairman of the local committee, who
made a short speech. Gen. J. 8. Smith,
Chicago, vice president of the society, in the
absence of Gen. Bheridan, took the chair and
responded. Rev. Dr. Eamshaw, chaplain of
the Soldiers' home; Dayton, 0., delivered an
eloquent prayer. The band of the Fifth ar
tillery, stationed at Atlanta, was
present and played "Nearer, My
God, to Thee." The whole assembly
arose and joined in the hymn. Resolutions of
respect and condolence to the family of Presi
dent Garfield were adopted, and it was re
solved the society attend the funeral, at
Cleveland, of their late comrade and invite all
members of the Army of the Cumberland arfd
Ohio to join them, and that the resident mem
bers at Cleveland make the necessary arrange
ments. The society will wear the usual
badge of mourning thirty days. In view
of the mournful circumstances under which
the society meets, it was resolved that only
routine business be transacted. The follow
ing committee was appointed to draft suita
ble resolutions on the death of Gen. Garfield:
Gen. Darbin Ward, Gen. J. D. Cox and Gen.
Wm. Kilgore.
The reunion of the two armies will take
place to-morrow on Cameron hill. A
cordial invitation has been extended by the
local ex-Confederate committee and accepted
by the society of the Cumberland. Gen.
Cochran, of the First Virginia, is to-night
reading to an immense crowd the oration of
Gen. Bristow, who was unable to attend.
Trains arriving in the city to-night are
crowded with Confederate soldiers, coming to
take part in the reception.
James Garfleld, Jr.
Springfield, Mass.,-Bept. 21.— A special
dispatch from Williamstown says the condi
tion of James Garfield, Jr., has considerably
improved since yesterday. He will leave on
Friday in company with young Warren S.
TJte Voice of Europe.
London, Sept. 20— The Standard says: It
is no exaggeration to say the sorrow experi
enced here flows very close in amount and pro
foundity upon that endured by the people of
America. We are sure that Americans will
be not only touched, but in some degree com
forted, by the queen's feeling messages. The
sentiments expressed by the queen and echoed
in -appropriate terms by the Prince of Wales,
are the sentiments of the entire English
people. We claim to stand side by'side with
our brothers on the other side of the Atlan
tic on this sad occasion, to feel all they feel,
to suppress all they would rather suppress,
and understand and share every emotion
through which they are passing. A common
gloom has descended upon the two communi
ties by the lamentable occurrence which is felt
to be the sad property of both. Even in this
moment of consternation and anguish there
are many whose thoughts will turn to the
worthless criminal who has been awaiting in
conrinement the result of his deathly stroke.
None can doubt what must shortly be his
doom. It sesms a satire on the organization
of things that the death of a man like Gar
field and the life of a creature like Guiteau
should be mentioned in the same breath. The
president will long linger in the memory as a
worthy citizen who deserved a better des
"times" enterprise.
London, Sept. 21.— The Times has eleven
columns of news relating to the death of Pres
ident Garfleld, surrounded with a mourning
A crowded meeting was held at the London
Good Templers' lodge last night. Kegan Paul,
publisher, presided. Bishop Hood, colored,
eulogized the late president. Among the
callers yesterday at the American embassy
here were most of the representatives of for
eign governments, Lord Derby, Mr. West, the
newly appointed British consul to Washing
ton, and Bishop Simpson.
London, Sept. 21.— The queen has ordered
the court to go into mourning for President
Garfleld for a week from the 21st inst.
Every hour increases the evidence that the
present is the most remarkable demonstration
of sympathy ever witnessed in Europe. The
bells of the parish churches in various places
in England are tolled, which is an unprece
dented tribute to a foreign ruler. The muni
cipal bodies of Leeds, HarUepool, Falmouth
and other places passed resolutions
of condolence. The American flag was
hoisted on Manchester cathedral.
The provincial papers rival those of London
in expressions of sympathy. The Manches
ter Guardian says: "To be cut off like Lin
coin is less trying. His countrymen all honor
his memory by insisting upon completion of
the task he undertook. It is something to be
able to say that. Gen. Arthur's conduct
since the lamented event, has been admirable.
He may disappoint alike the hopes of some
of his friends and the fears of many of his
The Liverpool Courier heads an article
NO. 265.
'The Mortier President," and says the
most appropriate comfort to the American
people are the words of Garfield himself at
the time of the death of Lincoln: "The gov
ernment at Washington still lives."
The Liverpool Post says the man dies not
in vain around whose death bed are buried all
dissensions. The people's misgivings relative
to General Arthur are probably unjust to him
and certainly underestimate the good sense
with which the American public opinion uni
formly controls the executive.
Paris, Sept. 20.— The American flag draped
with crape appears on the Grand Hotel. All
the newspapers eulogize President Garfleld,
and express profound regret at his death.
They recall the fact that he was the architect
of his own fortune, and extol his simple mode
of life and pay a tribute to his wife's courage.
The Temps, representative of the moderate
Republicans, says his name has been rendered
imperishable by the fact that during the few
months he passed in power he, by his virtue
and integrity, surpassed all hopes. He was
elected to the presidency as a party mas, but
as soon as he was stricken he became the re
spected representative of the entire nation.
l»his does honor both to himself and his
country. We hope President Arthur will re
duce party spirit to silence; that he will be
president of the republic, not of a section of
the Republican party.
Paris, Sept. 21.— The entire American col
ony, diplomatic corps, official world, senators
and deputies, who are in Paris, and members
of the Lafayette and Rochambeau families,
called at the American legation to-day, and in
scribed their names or expressed their con
dolences. The colony will held service at the
American chapel to-morrow. The members
of the legation are also preparing to hold
London, Sept. 21.— The Daily News says:
Gen. Arthnr's high character and personal
reputation encourage the hope that he will
not change the policy of his predecessor.
London, Sept. 21.— Lowell, American min
ister, has convened a meeting of Americans at
4 o'clock Saturday afternoon at Exeter hall,
to express their grief and condolence with
the afflicted family. Lowell will probably
preside. The whole diplomatic corp3 have
left cards at the American legation.
Madrid, Sept. 21. — The press are unani
mous in expressions of condolence. The
Correro points to the efforts of President Gar
field to reform the administration, and to the
manner in which public finances prospered
during his term. The Peorita believes the
event will have an important influence upon
the future of America. The king has tele
graphed his condolence to Mrs. Garfield.
Madrid, Sept. 21. — The evening newspapers
publish long obituaries and sympathetic ar
ticles concerning President Gartield, who they
describe as an Imtefatigable defender of tru»'
liberty and administration of morelity.
St. Petersburg, Sept. 21.— A1l the papers
publish warm obituaries of the late president,
dwelling upon his personal qualities. They
say Russia, whose heart is sensible of its owh
loss, feels sympathy for the great American
nation which has ever shown the same sym
pathy for Russia.
Liverpool, Sept. 21. — In compliance with
an influentially signed requisition the mayor
of Liverpool called a meeting at the town hall
this afternoon. The council chamber was
overcrowded, all present being leading citi
zens. The mayor expressed his horror of
Guiteau's crime and the deep sympathy of the
people of this country with America. James
Aspinwall Tobin proposed, and Maclver, of the
Cunard steamship line, seconded a resolution
that the inhabitants of Liverpool had
decided to record their horror
at the assassination of President Garfield;
their deep sympathy with the American na
tion and their heartfelt condolence with Mrs.
Garfleld and family. The mayor was request
ed to cable the resolutions to the secretary of
state at Washington. Among the speakers
were John Patterson, recorder; Thos. H.
Ismay, of the White Star steamship line, and
Thos. Baring, of the firm of Baring Bros. &
Co. All the speakers expressed fraternal feel
ing towards America and the warmest sympa
thy with Mrs. Garfield.
Berlin, Sept. 21.— The German foreign
office has addressed an official letter to the
American legation, saying: "The imperial
government, deeply moved, devolves upon the
undersigned to express its sincere sympathy
for the heavy loss the people and government
of America have sustained through the death
of the victim of an abominable crime.
•'[Signed] Busch."
London Stock Exchange .
New York, Sept. 21.— The London stock
exchange sent the following cable dispatch
this morning to a banking firm here: Please
forward to the authorities in Wall street
the following petition: "We, the under
signed, having the deepest sympathy with the
loss just sustained by the American people in
the death of President Garfleld, and, desiring
to show a special mark of respect, beg that
you, the committee of the London stock ex
change, wDI see fit to close
the house for all business on
Saturday next, or any day you may think
fitting." This dispatch was signed by 330
prominent members of the London stock ex
The stock exchange on receipt of this cabled
the following to London:
Resolved, That we appreciate the brotherly
sympathy thus extended by members of the
Lbndon stock exchange, and that in behalf of
the American people we gratefully acknowl
edge the kindly sorrow thus manifested, and
recognize it as an expression which represents
the sentiments of the English people to
Resolved, Tnat in it we recognize another
evidence that these two great nations, united
alike by kindred ancestry and by great com
mercial interests, are year by year becoming
more firmly connected in friendship, which we
hope will not only forever remain unbroken,
bnt be strengthened through each succeeding
The president of the Exchange was directed
to name a day to be observed for the present
Mourning Delegations.
St. Louis, Sept. 21. — The lawyers at a meet
ing to-day passed resolutions expressing sor
row and sympathy with the late president's
family. A delegation, representing the St.
Louis Bar association, was appointed to attend
the funeral next Monday.
At a meeting in the mayor's office between
the city officials and a committee of mer
chants of the cotton and mechanics' exchange,
it was resolved the mayor issue a proclama
tion ordering the suspension of business, and
requesting amusement places to close and
tolling of the bells of the city between 2 and 4
p. m. on Monday, the day of the
late president's funeral. A delegation of
seventeen persons, consisting of the mayor, two
city officials, two federal officers, two mem
bers of various exchanges and ten citizens at
large.was appointed to go to Cleveland and at
tend the funeral. The various churches will
be requested to hold funeral services Monday.
A public masa meeting was called for Saturday
night at 7:30 p. m. to voice the sympathy of
St. Louis. The St. Louis conference of the
Methodist Episcopal church, in session this
morning, adopted resolutions expressing sor
row for Garfield's death, admiration for his
services and sympathy with the bereaved
Boston, Sept 21.— The Grand Army of the
state has been ordered to wear mourning on
the arm for thirty days. The committee ap
pointed by the city government, consisting of
His Honor, Mayor Price, Aldermen O'Brien
and Curtis, President Baeley and Councilman
Hartman, left at four o'clock to attend the
obsequies of the late president.
Charleston, Sept. 21.— The largest gather
ing of citizens that has taken place hero for
mauy years assembled to-night. Ex-Gov. Mc-
Grath presided, and the stage was occupied by
aldermen, United States officials and prom
inent citizens, irrespective of party and color.
Brief and feeling eulogies of the dead president
were pronounced, and then the mayor offered
resolutions declaring President Garfleld had
become endeared to the people beyond and
apart from the respect accorded to his exalted
station, deploring his loss to the country and
declaring his policy as chief magistrate, like
that of his eminent predecessor, followed the
safe and broad path marked out by the fathers
of the republic in founding personal liberty on
the bedrock of public liberty. The resolutions
further say those whom the nation's affliction
has joined together let no political difference
put asunder. One resolution is that "As
South Carolinians, living in the so styled
cradle of the rebellion, we honor
the memory of James A. Garfield, because as
president his purposes and his
Continued on Fourth Page.

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