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secor Rip ROUTED THE JEJi't-on T TO J' ITCH UP KEIFEK'S BLUNDERS A FAHArXK. A Lively Debate iv t ■«- House Developing a 1.-»rge Amount of DiaanVrtloa— The Committee Kepurt Finally Referred B»<kliy» Decisive Vote— Farther Argu ment up.M! the Funding Hill iv thaSen ate—Senator Wlndom'* Management of the Treasury Sevciely Criticised by Sen ator HIM- The Rebate to he Renewed To-day, wltli a Motion r«u«llne to Lay Uio Rill on the Table. The Senate, Washington, Jan. ['.».— The president pro tern submitted the reap MM of the secretary of the interior to the resolution of the. 12th (ask, inquiring as to the lap sing of the land grant to the Northern Pacific railroad, and his con nection therewith-, to t lie action of ex-Secre tary Schorr, etc. The chair referred the com munication to the committee on railroads. Senator Edmunds suggested, as the question involved was one of law, as to whether the certificates on which tlie lands had been taken were legally issued, the matter should go to the judiciary commute Senator Teller favored the reference already made, as the inquiry had been confined to alleged matters of fact, but was not disposed 10 object to Edmunds' ; suggestion. The com munication was thereupon referred to the ju diciary committee. Senator Davis (W. V i.) presented the reso lutions of the West Virginia legislature, urg ing modification of the internal revenue laws, so that the producers of leaf tobacco may not lie required to takeout a license. Senator Hawley, member of the committee on railroads, moved to recommit to the com mittee the bill ratifying the act of the general council of the Choctaw nation, granting to the St. Louis A; San Francisco railway company the right of way for a railroad telegraph line through that nation, He said the official pro test of the Choctaw nation, and other docu ments which might halve been submitted since the bill was placed on the calendar, has not been before the committee, and he thought the measure should be considered under the new light thus thrown upon it. Senator Many said the papers presented no new material statements, and the question raised by the Choctaw nation was purely one of law, which could be considered fully as well in open Senate as in committee. lie depre cated the effect of the motion in causing the bill to be delayed by losing its' place on the calendar. Senator Lake agreed with his colleague that the only question involved was whether a sin gle railroad syndicate could control commerce passing southward through the Indian terri tory to Texas. Senator Loeau suggested au inquiry as to the liability of the gTovernmcn*. jn damages for licensing railroads to go through the ter ritory of Indians with their consent. Senator Hill, of Georgia, replied that while the government might ultimately be liable, the railroad corporation would first be held for damages. Senator Hawley observed that sworn affida vits had been laid on his table which raised serious doubts as whether the grant of la right of way ever dU pass the Ohoctaw coun cil, as has been represented. way of dis claimer of any intention to delay the bill, he modified his motion so as to provide that the bill, when reported back, -should be restored to its place on the calendar. The motion as modified prevailed. Senator" Davis, of Illinois, called up the bill to permit Associate Justice Hunt of the su preme court to retire upon the passage of the bill. Senator Plumb call< d for the yeas and nays. The bill was passed, yeas 41, nays 14. The negative vote 3 were a* follows: Brown. Coke, Farley, Hill, Ga., Jones, Maxey, Pendletoa, Plumb, Ransom, San sbury, Sannders, Slater, Van Wyck and Vest. Senator Williams introduced a bill appro priating STriivoo for i building at Louisville, Ky., to an- • .i;siuuuti: the postollice, custom house, pension agency, United Stales courts mid other government office*. The Sherman fundi g bill was taken up and Salisbury favored the bill. When he had concluded a motion \ 'as made by Ingalls to lay the bill on the tat in order to test the sense of the senile upon it. He said the de bate was retarding discussion of equally im portant questions, an 1 he believed the funding measure could not pass. Senator Windom having obtained the tem porary withdrawal of lagan's motion, pro ceeded to oppose the bill as unnecessary, ex perimental and likely to involve the govern ment in logs. He said if the government continued to pay off the debt at the ratio at which payments hail been made the last six months, theentire five hundred and fifty-one million dollars continued at 5 and 6 per cent, would be paid off in a little over four years. The bill provided for paying off two hundred million dollars, these _ leaving three hundred and fifty-one million If the revenues con tinue as at present, he latter amount could be paid oil' in three years, or less time. Then there would be no be nds that could be paid or called in, as the pending bill denied the gov ernment the option of payment until after live years from the issue of new bonds. Thus the government would lose more by being unable to pay oil any bonds for at least a year than it would gai i by this proposed 3 per cent, arrangement. He, (Windom), regarded the debt as in better condition with the entire live hundred and fifty millions payable at any time at the option of the government at 3>. per cent . than it wo lid be with two hundred millions payable at the end of five years at 3 per cent. Several senators having expressed a desire to be heard on the b 1!, and Sherman being de sirous of closing the debate. Ingalls made an ineffectual effort to secure an understanding that, as a condition of his withdrawal of his motion to table the bill, the session to-day would be extended until it was finally disposed of. The debate vat then resumed. Senator Hill, (Ga.|, said there was no such thing in existence us a 3 per cent bond of the. United States, although such a bond had frequently been mentioned in debate. It oc curred to him as equally extraordinary, no allusion had been made to the usurpation of legislative functions by an executive officer of the government in the continuance of 5 and 6 per cent's at 3<s per! cent. The consideration urged in vindication^ of the action of Secre tary Windom, was it profitable to the gov ernment, but this did not relieve it of the odium of usurpation. After quoting the language of Washington upon the danger from encroachment 5 by one department upon another, he asserted the unconstitutionally of the secretary's operations. Senator Windom- -The senator speaks of a 3. 1 * per ccct. bond as one not known to the law. Now, there is no such bond, and the regular debt statement contains no reference to any such bonds. The bondholders simply took pieces of paper with an endorsement upon it that they would not ask more than 8% per cent, interest, and would waive the other '2% per cent, interest. Does the senator think that that was unconstitutional? Senator Hill replied — In a private eoutraet each party could do as he liked, but in a con tract to which the government was a party on arrangement, such as the one just stated, was not only unconstitutional but exceedingly dangerous. Hejwould give no executive of-. ficer the power to dicker with the creditors of the government. Senator Windom asked him whether he would vote to pay the holders of 0 per cents, the2x percent, difference. Senator Hill rep led it was not necessary he should so vote. It was true, as the senator (Windom) had admitted. There was not in ex istenc-j any. three and a half percent. bonds.and yet in the language of the pending bill "bonds bearing three and a half per cent, interest" were mentioned by it in two places. Here was legislative recognition of their existence, and yet Senator Wiudom said there was no such bond. He would say to that senator that there could be no such thing as a bond of the United States which was not authorized by . law, and any arrangement or contract entered into between the executive department, or any member of it, and the creditors of the gov ernment, which changed any of the terms of the bonds issued by authority of law, was not only voidable, but was in itself void. It bound nobody, and was a nullity. If a creditor chose to take three and a half percent, interest, he could do it, just as he could go and throw his bonds into the river, but the arrangement entered into by the senator as secretary of the. treasury with the. bond holders, by which \ they agreed to receive, three and a half per cent, interest : instead of that endorsed . upon the bond,, was unconstitutional, as being tin violation of the principle, that the credit of the government must rest solely In the legislative department. If the executive department was to be allowed _ to change on the conditions Xof J the '•> bond : it •--•' might change the bond entirely. : : .v ' V : Senator - Windom remarked nothing had ■ ■ either been added to or substracted from the bonds. Not one obligation or condition had been changed, but the government simply lets it run on and the holder agrees to relinquish interest in excess of 3% per cent. Senator Hill— Buppose one of the holders of the bonds comes in now and demands his 5 or (> per cent. Could he get it? Senator Windom — I think not. Senator Hill— Why not? Senator Windora— He has relinquished all over3,H; for good and valuable consideration, namely permission to consider his bond at a time when the government could pay it on" Senator Hill— When did the government have $500,000,000 with which to pay offs's and 6's. Senator Windom— lt did not have enough to pay the $500,000,000, but it did have enough to pay each man's $1,000 bond as presented. Senator Hill replied the secretary was then in the predicament or having made a direct contract for less interest in consideration of the payment of the princi pal being deferred. Mr. McMillian suggested that the secretary had the power to do as he had as a matter of administration. Mr. Hill thought the trouble was the thing that had been done in that way. "Did any body believe," he asked, "that bondholders Voluntarily came forward and without any.'cou- Kuleration gave to the government i}t per cent, on their bonds. Nobody believed that. No. The real motive of the bondholders for the arrangement was, that by entering into it in the absence of congrese, they would get ?>% per cent., and thereby escape legislation, which would require them to take 3 per cent. He, Hill, would never vote to recog nize the arrangement as it was, an act legisla tive in character and one which by congress was not concluded. Pending a motion for au executive session the bill was laid aside informally. Senator Kelly introduced a bill to Increase the compensation of local appraisers in New York to $7,0C0 per annum , and local appraisers at Philadelphia, New Orleans and Chicago to §5,000 per annum. After an executive session thn senate, 30 to 20, adjourned until Monday. House of Representatives . Washington, Jan. 19.— The speaker pre sented a letter from the state department trans mitting two additional volumes of the speeches of the late M. Thiers, contributed by the sister of M'rae Thiers for the library of the house. Mr. Eayne, from the committee on military affairs, reported a bill for the establishment of a home for indigent soldiers and sailors, at Erie, Perm. Referral to the committee of the whole. :£.;> ; :< -,; Mr. Barrows (Mich.), arising to a personal question, corrected an error in the Detroit Fost and Tribune, attributing to him the in troduction of a bill last Monday to retire na tional bank notes. He would probably have enough of his own sins to be responsible for, without being responsible for the sins of others. Mr. Barrows (Mo.) said he would take all the honor himself of having introduced that bill. The house then resumed consideration of the report of the committee on rules increas ing the membership of various committees. Mr. Belford having obtained five minutes time from Page, who was entitled to the floor, ridiculed the pending proposition. He wanted to know why Pennsylvania should not be sat isfied with the chairmanships of ways and means committee, the coinage committee and committee on public expenditures. He thought departure from the old system in giving the latter chairmanship to his - distinguished friend,ltandall,was a good one. Then there was the glorious old state of Wisconsin, which had got the chairmanship of the Pacific Rail road committee, although there was no Pa cific railroad within a thousand mile 3 of her border, and the chairmanship of the foreign affairs committee, by which she had control of diplomatic matters in Germany, France, Austria, Hungary, Turkey and all other for eign lands. He asked why in the name of good conscience Wisconsin was not satisfied with this. He knew there is so much talent, intelligence, brain and stalwart energy in the house, it was impossible for the speaker to assign a prominent place to every great man. (Laughter.) lie, therefore, suggested to the gentleman from New Jersey (Robeson) that all members be assigned alphabetically to the committees of ways and means and of ap propriations, all down to the letter "N" going to the former, and all the rest to the latter, and then should propose that every member be allowed One clerk and two boot blacks. (Laughter.) ' . Mr. McLane opposed the amendment offer ed yesterday by King, giving to the commit tee for improvement of the Mississippi river the same right to report appropriation bills for'that purpose as the committee on appropri ations now has. He said it was bad judgment, if not bad taste, for a gentiemau who repre sents the Mississippi valley, to arrogate to the commerce of that river so much greater im portance than he attached to other commerce of the country. \ Mr. Dunnell alfio opposed the amendment and declared the interests of the Mississippi river and its tributaries would be best sub served by leaving them to the committee on commerce. Mr. Page spoke to the same effect. Mr. Morrison suggested to King th^t under the circumstances the amendment should be withdrawn. After some further discussion King with drew the amendment giving warning, how ever, he would watch the committee on com merce, to eec how the promises now made would be kept. Mr. Randall stated as a reason why he fav ored part of the report of the committee on rules that the business of the house had kept abreast with the great • increase in popu lation, in wealth, production and in the gen eral manufacturing and agricultural interests of the country. To illustrate that,, he gave the number of bills introduced in the last sev en congresses commencing with 2,499 in the 40th congress, and increasing regularly each congress until the number at the present con gress would probably exceed 10,000, the num ber up to date being 3,29?.. Members would therefore pee why committees should be in creased. The committee on ways and means had already 139 bills referred to it at the present session on ten bills to each member. The judiciary committee IS4 bills, or 13 to each member. The committee on commerce 143, (including river and harbor bill, which took up three-fourths of its time), or 10 to each member. The com mittee on 'military affairs 316 bills, or 30 to each member. ! Th.» committee on public lands 112 bills, or iff to each member. The com mittee on invalid pensions 855 bills, or 59 to each mem (which would be probably in creased to 150 before the close of congress.) The committee on claims 396 bills, or 26 to each member. Randall said he had never lost an opportunity to promote the great interest of the Mississippi river, because he wanted to put that river in such a condition of naviga tion that it would be a great competing line to bring railroad combinations to proper and honest terms. — Mr. Hatch asked Randall whether he thought the adding of two or three members to the agricultural committee would be as beneficial to the interests of agriculture as raising the bureau to the rank of a department. Mr. Randall replied when that . subject came up he should freely express his sentiments on it. . Mr. Briggs reminded him that 14,000 bills had been reported in the last congress, and had died in the house for want of considera tion. Randall replied that was because under the new rules opportunity had been given the committees for making reports, and that it was better to have the bills die in the house than die in the committees, because in the house they had at least the right to see the light of day.. (Laughter.) Mr. Briggs— Will this increase of the com mittees facilitate their passage in the house? Mr. Randall— lt will secure their being re ported. .„.. .-< Mr. ! Bowman stated, as a member . of . the committee on claims of the last congress, that not one of the bills it reported last session and which had been placed on the calendar had been passed by the house. Mr. Randall suggested that the remedy was to go to the private calendar regularly every Friday and consider bills upon it. - : Mr. Briggs asked the opinion of Randall, as an expert, whether any bills that would be reported by the committee on claims after the first of the month could possibly reached. If not, it was the merest farce for ' that com mittee to work day after day and report bills. - Mr. Randall replied that it was not a farce for a representative to perform his duty. He was free to say he deemed public interests of more importance than private claims. The great body of such claims should be decided by the departments or by a competent court. Mr. Bowman said the other two calendars ■ of the last house were in almost as disastrous a condition a3 the private calendar. r • Mr. Randall suggested too much discussion interfered with the discussion of private bills. X- Mr. Robinson,' Mass., remarked ,it did not make any difference as '-. to 5 the < reports from other committees. >It was the: great commit tee on appropriations that came in with its : Daily reports aud obtained attention of the house. While the house was discussing this question the committee on appropriations was matur ing bills and would come in with them and take the floor as against all other committees. Mr. Randall — And 90 it should be. Appro priations to support the government should have the first and fullest consideration. Mr. Randall, what remedy do you suggest as a result of your reflections. . Mr. Briggs— Stop this everlasting ta*k aud go to work. Mr. Robinson— The best remedy here and now is to recommit this subject. Get it out the house and go to work. (Laughter and applause,) and theu when the gentleman rises and moves to adjourn from Thursday to Mon day, vote him down. Its by working hard we will deserve honor, and not by grumbling anil growling because we are not first, second or third on committees. Mr. Robinson then rose to move the previ ous question, which he did amid great confu sion', and with several members addressing the chair at the same time. The previous question was put. Mr. Robinson, Mass., complained he had been trying to make a privileged motion and that the speaker had not recognized him. The speaker explained the gentleman had not stated what the motion was. Mr. Robinson — No man could state it in such noise and confusion.. The Speaker— That was tho fault of the house. Mr. Robinson— But the house is in the hands of the speaker and it should be called to order. Mr. Robeson obtained the floor to close the debate, but yielded a portion of his time to various members. Mr. Williams, Wis., replied to the remarks of Belford to-day. He declared that Wiscon sin, in support of her candidate for the speak ership, had acted on her sandor and confidence and judgment until after the election of speak er. Not one element of Wisconsin had men tioned to him the question of chairman of a committee. The speaker's life had not been spent in a corner, but on the battle field and in the halls of the legislature, and until some private or public wrong was fastened on any man holding &uch a high office, he hoped he should not hear it either openly stated on this floor, or insiduously hinted, that there had been opportunities for bribery in the way of parcelling out committeeships. Wis consin members had supported the speaker because they had confidence in his capacity, his intelligence, his candor and his fairness. He hoped the Wisconsin members would dis tinguish themselves on the committees by in dustry if not by exalted capacity. Mr. Cannon gave it as his judgment that an increase of committee membership would do great harm to the effectiveness of the com mittee. Mr. Hooker, of Mississippi, preferred qual ity rather than quantity. Membership 6hould be improved. He complained that justice had not been done to the minority side and that certain gentlemen of great knowledge of pub lic business had been left off committees with the business of which they were familiar. Mr. Blackburn, member of the committee on rules, advocated the report as an experi ment. He asserted, not a member of the com mittee on rules would accept assignment un der the operation of the report. Mr. Dunnell opposed the report, because he did not believe it would increase the efficiency of committees. He added, no legislature in the world was burdened with such infamous rules as the house. Mr. Calkins (Ind.) advocated the report. Mr. Robesou closed the debate. The report was made, he said, not for the purpose of con ciliating any individual, not for the purpose of giving any sop to any complainer, or spread ing any plaster over the wounds of any sore head. He agreed with his genial friend from Michigan (floar), no plaster could euro asore head. Flies would still buzz around like flies around an old horse in July, [laughter.] The history of tha American congress wouM show raore time has been lost by the defection of friends than by the attacks of enemies, and thai it was only when men had courage and ability to stand up they succeeded. The speaker had been attacked by a covert if not by open speech. He would not stand it. He needed no defense. It was an assault on courage that had stood "firm on the perilous edge of battle." As to himself he should bo. discouraged if he did not feel he was the subject of attack from certain classes of persons and certain characters of individ uals who felt it their duty to attack him. It had been insinuated on this floor, if not stat ed, that the report was made for the purpose of giving comfort to some and consolation to others. It wns not so. It was for the one k single purpose only, and that was to give all the relations and all the varied interests of this great country their representations on committees. If it were voted down the com mittee on rules would accept it as the decision of the house. Mr. Joyce moved to recommit the report and all pending amendments to the commit tee on rnles. Mr. Springer moved to recommend with in structions to report a rule whereby commit tees would be organized, as nearly as possible, in proportion to the political paaties in the house, and that the minority shonld have the right to designate the minority members of the committee. Mr. Calkins made the point of order on Sprincer'd motion, and it was ruled out of or der by the speaker. The house voted by yea:; and nays on Joyce's motion to recommend the report, and the mo tion was agreed to; yeas, 159; nays, 90, The house went into committee of the whole on the state of tho arrears, Mr. Haskell in the chair, and passed thej bill to appropri ate $5,000 for packing, transporting- and ar ranging certain agricultural and mineral specimens received by the agricultural bur eau from ths Atlanta exposition. A resolution instructing the committee on printing to consider the propriety of publish ing copies of proceedings in the Guiteau trial for the use of tha hoii6B and penato was re ferred. Mr. Railson presented the joint resolutions of the West Verginia legislature in favor of protection to producers of leaf tobacco. The speaker presented several messages from the president in connection with Indian and army matters. Referred. Mr. Spooner regretted one of the earliest duties devolved on him,was the announcement of the death of the late Senator Bumside, and on his motion Monday next at 3 o'clock was assigned for the exercises , eulogistic to his memory. Oorouor'd TnveHtlgation Into ihe Spuytoa Dayvil Horror. New York, Jan. 19.— The coroner's jury visited the scene of the Spuyteu Duyvil disas ter this morning, and brakeman G. Melius, who is charged with causing the accident by his neelect, was started from the point on the railroad track where the last car of the Chi cago express stood, and proceeded to the spot where, according to bis statement? he flagged the Terrytown train. The time he took to go that distance was about two minutes. The jury then boarded a train and were taken over the course of the Tarrytown train before it ran into the express. The jury then returned to the city. The taking of testimony was begun this afternoon. Geo. T. Hanfred conductor of the car of the train which was run into, re peated the story of the lateness of his train, etc. Witness said further that it was his im pression the stopping of the train was caused by some person not connected with it who applied the air brake 3. On being asked why he thought the train wa3 stopped by some of the passengers, he said he surmised such was the case, for, said he, there was a party on the train singing, smashing hats and conducting themselves in a very disgrace ful manner. They were passing around bottles of whisky and that the foundation of that accident was rum. He had not sufficient help on the train to stop such pro ceedings. Among the passengers were any number of ex-coroners, * senators assemblymen and aldermen, and he could not deprive them of their bottles. This was an every day occurrence, but more especially cc Fridays. Frank Burr, engineer of the Tarrytown train, testified he had passed 350 feet out of the cut before he saw Meliirs, his train run ning at a speed of 20 miles an hour. The brakeman he saw was standing about thirty five feet from the rear of bis train. There was one signalman in the cut, but in the cut the engineer could not see the signal over fifty feet away. Had he seen the brakeman as he emerge! from the cut he could hare stopped his train in time. He was on the right side of his engine, and on the curve the smokestack and sandbox interfered with his view. Adjourned until to-morrow. End of the Railroad War. Philadelphia, Jan. 19.— 1t is understood herd the trunk line meeting in New York vir tually resulted in ending the war, and that Monday next rates on east bound freights are to be advanced 20 cents on grain and provis ions, and 45 cents on first-class west bound freights between New York and Chicago. Also, that there is to be a general pool of both east and west bound passenger and freight business. ST, PAUL, FRIDAY MOKNIM, JANUARY 20, 1882. SCOVILLE'S LONG SPEECB. CONTINUED TMSTERDAT AND MORE TO CO3IE TO-DAT. HU Argument Frequently Broken in Upon by Corkhil!--t.eading to Sharp Word Contiiotß—Severo Denunciation of the Gaverninent lOxperts— Tho Assassin Particularly Pleased With the Decision of tho New York Court of Appeals—The Qacßtlon of Allowing the Prisoner to Speak iv lII* Defenso to bo Ro-Arguefl To-Day. Washington, D. C, Jan. 19. — The court opened at the usual hour. As soon as Guiteau reached his eeat he delivered himself of the following speech, with a pompous effort at oratorical effect: "The decision of the New York court of appeals comes with so much force at the present moment, I desire to call attention to it. It comes with great grace from the empire state, from that grand old state of the republic, the state that sends forth the brains, the money and commerce of the nation. It is a great "step forward of the law of insanity. Hitherto the law has been that the burden of proof was on the defendant, bat the court of appeals with grand magna nimity, says that the burden of proof is on this prosecution to prove that a man not only committed the act, but also that he was sane at the time he commit ted it. In the name of justice and in the name of the American people, and in the name of the American judiciary, I desire to thank those gentlemen of the court of the state of New York." scotille's argument?. Scoville immediately resumed his argument, reading from the evidence of several witnesses who were at the depot and saw the shooting and subsequent arrest of Guiteau, his object being to show the prisoner was perfectly calm and cool and in the condition of his nerves and intellect at variance with the hypothesis under such circumstances. Scoville again complained that the proaecu cution had failed to call Detective McElfrish to the stand whose evidence would have been of service to the prisoner. Guiteau — "They came to my cell and tried to draw me out, 1 talked with them a little about the Deity and my inspiration, and now they supress all that evidence. That shows the iniquity of their prosecution, and God Al mighty will curse every one on the prosecu tion, in my opinion." After a short pause, the prisoner added. "That reminds me to say that Judge Porter has been pretending to be sick for two days. I hope it will be providen tial to keep him sick. I hope the Lord will take him down below quick and then send for Corkhill." As Scoville proceeded, C'orkhill made frequent, and as the speaker thought, slight ing comments until liaally becoming irritn ted he turned upon the district attorney aud denounced in scathing terms, his unfair con duct and instanced his prosecution as evidence in this case of the letter written by the priß oner, and which he, Corkill, introduced and mutilated by cuttiog off the signature aud such portion as he thought might benefit the prisoner, a thing, said Scoville, which was never before permitted in a court cf justice , not even upon the trial of a civil suit. Col. Corkhill sneering: "That's your opin ion merely, Mr. Scoville. It amounts to nothing as a fact." Scoville-- "'Well, let it be roy opinion. <I presume I am entitled to one and so is the jury." Guiteau, with energy~"lt was v friendly al lusion to President Arthur that he cutout, tlie mean dirty whelp." As Scoville continued, counsel for the prose cution frequently interrupted him, and a run ning fire was kept up between counsel for sometime. The speaker disclaimed as his main motive the desire to shield the prisoner for the honor of the Guitoau family. IDs greatest desire was to save the American na tion and the American judiciary from the dis grace of hurrying to the gibbet an insare man. Alluding to the evidence of Dr. North, the speaker charged: "This was another in stance of the unfairness of the district at torney. Without the slightest evidence or reason for so doing, he had asked the witness, 1 Were you ever indicted for crime?' and wit ness had responded quickly and frankly, ' Mo sir, and I never expect to be.' " Ccfrkhill — "I happened to know the mtn well." Scoville — "All the more reaeon why you should not thus gratuitously insult him." Corkhill— "Well, I tried him in this court. I remembered his face when he took the stand, and I found afterward that he was here on an appeal from the police court." As the audience laughed at this point scored by the district attorney, Mrs. Scoville became very angry, and complained in audible tones of the district attorney's "uneasiness," as she termed it. The hour of lecess having arrived, Scoville conferred for a moment with Judge Coz as to how long a recess should be ordered. The audience began to arise, and Guiteau impa tiently called out: "Your honor, we're wait iner on you. Aint you going to announce a recess?' ' At thi3 the crier raised a laugh by calling out: "Well, come along; we'll have a recess." After recess Scoville continued his review of the evidence and claimed that the prisoner had beeDffTeel, frank and outspoken In all thinge , that he had conversed at the jail with every one the prosecution sent there, always with out reserve. Had he been sane and playinr; a part he would not have done so. Commenti»g upon, as he claims the absence of motive on Guiteau's part, Scoville said: "You cannot find an instance iv history, you cannot sup pose a case, where a man 10 years of age, wlo never before committed a crime, who has nav er for an hour associated with criminals or bad people, who, on the contrary, has alwa,ys sought the society, not only of the better class of people, but of Christian people, you can't conceive of such a man's committing such a crime without a motive. Nothing but t|ie theory of insanity can possibly account for such an act asGuilcau's. Scoville the* diss -fed the assumption that Guiteau had been n iatedbj a desire for re venge, and argued . .: • improbability of su-ch assumption, from I be fact, if any ground for ill-wi!l existed o. (iuitenu's part, it was against Secretary iiiaiue. According to the inexorable laws of mind, it would have be«n executed against liim. "There cannot possibly be shown," said S-.oville, "any ill-will on Ids part toward President Gurfteld." Col. Corkhill — "You seem to forget he killed him." Without noticing this comment, BcoviUe next took up the hypothesis, the crime w*.s committed from an overpowering desire for notoriety, and claimed history failed to point out a case where such a crime was committed purely and simply from such a motive, and that it was incompatible with reason, and im possible for the human brain to conceive such a motive as sufficient to induce any sane man to commit such a crime. "That he killed th-; president as a disap pointed offica seeker is more than improbn ble," said Scoville, "for had he brooded ovt r some wrong of this kind, something of h53 disappointment would have cropped out. He would have said something in his intercourse with other people indicating his disappoint ment, or shown bad temper on the subject. Nothing would have heen more natural in the interval before he uiiie up his mind to kill the president.'' Gutteau— "Oh, tin!'* all bosh about mv being a disappointed < iiiee seeker. After the first of June my whole snind w ;: s on the polit ical situation, and I v.-ouMu't have taken a cabinet position if it hi 1 beta offered me." Looking up from his parwr a few minut-es later, Guiteau called out with a. satisfied air: "Porter is sick. I guess the Lord is attending to him." Scoville alluded to the taunt of the prosecQ tion that experts for the defense had gone back on him, and said in explanation, when he reached Washington he did not know the name of a single expert. He knew Gniteau was crazy- but how to show it to the country and to convince a jury of his countrymen, was the burden that prf used on him. Then came a letter from Dr. Worcester, that little man from, the great state of Massachusetts — a etate that holdß the Athens of America. He wrote if half what was sa'.d of Guiteau was true, he was crazy; that he (Worcester) had great experience in locating insanity, and had written a book which was. accepted authority as a text book, the first work, he said, by an American authority. He said further, he wanted to do all he could to save the nation from the disgrace of hanging an insane man, everj if his victim happened to be the president of the United States. "I felt," said Scoville, a great weight lifted from my "heart. I thought, here is a great and good man who can't be bought. Well, gentlemen, this very little man from the great state of Massachusetts came" — Guiteau — u He wanted a free ride to Wash ington. He got- here and Corkhill bought him up, so he went back on that letter." Scoville continued: "Well, he came here and saw some one." Guiteau — "He saw Corkhill and he bought him over." Scoville— "At auy rate, this great author on American Insanity, or this first American author, whatever it may be, could not on the stand, when asked, give me the title of his own book." Bcovllle severely criticized the course of Dr Worcester and classed him with the govern ment conspirators. Adjourned till to-morrow. It is understood the defense will at the con clusion of Scoville's speech, renew the mo tion to allow the prisoner to be heard. The effect of this, if permitted by the court, will be to consume another day. Allowing two days for Judge Porter and its more than proba ble he will require three, the case will hardly get to the jury before Wednesdey next. Swindling Bank Failure. Detroit, Jan. 19.— The failure of the Peo ple's bank at Tecumseh promised to be a bad affair. Liabilities are now estimated at $80, -00/\ assets, $50,000. The list of depositors is very large, obtained by its paying interest on deposits, and consist of clerks, women, farm er? and mechanics, who had small sums and who Bre least able to bear the loss. It is be lieved the money was lost in speculation and there is great indignation over the affair. No tidings of the missing manager, Higgins. The impression is rather growing that the ease is not one of suicide. AIX AROUND THE GLOBE. Eighty-six cases of small pox are reported in Richmond, Va. Samuel J. Medill was yesterday elected pres ident of the Chicago Press club. & Co., of the People's bank, Tecumseh, Mich., have assigned. The cigar-makers' strike at Milwaukee con tinues, and the situation is unchanged. The mercury is twenty-four degrees below zero m some sections of New Hampshire. There was great decline of prices on the Paris bourso yesterday and almost a panic. Martin Flanagan, sentenced to be hanged to-day at Buffalo has been reprieved three weeks. Chicago is about to issue $333,000 in twenty year bonds, the rate of interest to be is 4or 5 per cent. Vanderbili told a friend yesterday he had not sold a share of the Reading, but had on the contrary increased his holdings. The census deficiency bill will have to be modified to provide for paying assignees the claims instead of the clerk. The Boston Co-operative association last night, after several years' trial of a co-opera tivs store, decided to wind up its affairs. Mr 3. Win, Barlow, a former resident of Cin cinnati, suicided at Columbus, 0., yesterday, by cutting her throat. Temporary insanity. Thos. Ring, 44 years of age, salesman for Wm. Barr & Co., dry goods, St. Louis, sul cided yesterday by shooting himself in the head. The joint convention of the lowa legislature formally declared James F. Wilson elected for the lone senatorial term and J. W. McDill for the short term. The hanging of George Bohannan, which was set for to-day at Holla, Mo., will not take place, the supreme court having granted him a new trial. The stock of Stetson & Adam, heavy dry goods dealers at Palestine, Kansas, ha 3 been attached. Liabilities estimated at §35,000; as sets much lower. McLaren & Co., wholesale boot and shoe manufacturers, and McGovern, Tucker & Mc- Donald, saw and planing mills, Montreal, have suspended; liabilities $70,000, the latter $30,000. The New York senate yesterday appointed a committee to Investigate the Spuyten-Duyvil disaster. The house had six ineffectual bal lots for speaker. Both branches adjourned. The lower rivers are rising rapidly, the gauge at Nashville showing two feet above the rise of 1847. Many families have been rendered homeless by the submerging of low lands. Gov. Chittenden, of Missouri, has postponed the execution of Martin Paquette, who was to be hanged near Madrid, Mo., to-day, until February 13, to enable the supreme court to pass upon his ease. > It is rumored at Montreal that the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa & Occidental railroad has been leased to a syndicate. The amount is said to be four hundred and fifteen thousand dollars annually. Alphonse Marcotte, a dry goods merchant who had retail stores in Montreal and other towns in that province and in Winnipeg, has absconded. Liabilities, about $300,000; assets said to be large. Gregory Sternoni, Italian merchant, Pe tersburg, Va., convicttd of receivine and selling stolen manufactured tobacco, was sentenced to receive twenty stripes at the public whipping post. It is stated the sugar refining firm of Eccles, Thorns & Co., of Baltimore, Md., have baen embarrassed, and have submitted a proposi tion to their creditors to pay 50 cents on the dollar. Liabilities $67,000. Wm. Kendrick, first lieutenant of the Mil" watikee police department died yesterday, aged 65 years. He had served as first lieuten ant nineteen years and one was of the best known and most respected citizens- Some2oo citizens of Chicago have signed a call for an anti-Mormon meeting Monday night. It is intended to make a strong pro test to congress against allowing polygamy longer to disgrace American civilization.} Alexander Butler, colored, a laborer on the extension of the new railroad from Macon to Atlanta, Ga., was shot and instantly killed in a row near Atlanta last night, in which about twenty negroes were engaged. William Frost, Republican, Boston, on a recount, is declared elected alderman In place of Chas. O. Whitten, Democrat, by thirty-six majority. Thi9 gives the Republicans one mojontv in the board and breaks the dead lock. Two bricklayers, names unknown, while going to work at Irondale, ten miles south of Chicago, yesterday morning, were struck by a switch engine, their bodies dragged along distance, and so frightfully mangled as to be unrecognizable. John J. Thomafl, formerly in the employ of the Western Union Tflegraph company, was arrested yesterday at Newark, N. J., charged with embezzling §12,000 of the company's money, while chief operator for the company at Mobile, Ala. ' In a few days, it is reported, the Union d c pot at St. Louis will come into the possession fo Jay Gould, who is purchasing the stock from the Cincinnati stockholders. It is re ported Gould intends erecting a handsome new depot. Capital stock, $8,000,000. The Boston Journal publishes the confes sion of Frank Goodman, that two years ago, while tramping from Boston to Barnstable, he killed his companion Phillip Brown. Good man says the crime weighs on his mind, and he has several times tried to commit euicide. At Chicago, La Ford, one of fhe grocers ac cused of selling butterine, was found guilty yesterday morning, but it being his first offense his fine was assessed at only $25. An appeal was taken. Lon Merrill was then tried and fined $25, and Jos. Kastner called for a jury. This case is still progressing. The government has reduced the pay of la borers on the Quebec, Montreal & Ottawa railway from one dollar to eighty cents per day. The men have refused to work or allow others to take their places. Disturbance is threatened at Cilumet, and the government has sent the chief of police and ten men to preserve the peace. The Chicago Tribune announces that per petual motion has been discovered by Prof. Joshua Grarrett, who has been a mechanic for many years, and is in no respect cranky. His system consists of two cylinders working transversely in a yaccum upon a third. The model works until the bearings are worn ont thus creating practically a perpetual motion. A notorious swindler known as August Walter, with half a dozen aliases, wa3 arrested in Baltimore last night on the charge of having swindled Rev. B. F. Schauer, provincial of the Redemptorate order, out of $400 by means of forged checks. He had been several times to confession to Father Schaner, and in that way gained hi 3 confidence. Walter is just releas&i from the penitentiary, where he served five years for obtaining $2,372 on_forged checks. A vote was.tikea yesterday in Cooper coun ty, Missouri, on the proposition to compro mise and refund the Cooper County, Tebo & Nesohia railway bonds at 90 per cent, of prin cipal and accrued interest, and to reduce the rate of interest: The returns indicate the re jection of the proposition. In Booneville the proposition to refund the Booneville township Tebo & Nesohia bonds at 85 per cent was car ried. <Etnbe- THE CAPITOL BUDGET. MEt.I.MIK OF POLITICAL E VESTS OF THE DAT. Report iroin ' the ■ General Land Office Upon the Situation of the Northern Pacific Laud Grant— Severe . Anfmadver sions Upon the Crime of Associate - Jus tice Hunt by Senator Bayard and Others —Senator McMillan's ) Bill for Reducing the' Fees of Steamboat Inspectors Fa vorably . Reported— The President Heal . Latins .Signing the Census Deficiency : 111— Miscellaneous . Northern Pdctflc It. It. Land Grunt.) j Washington, Jan. 19.— Secretary Kirk wood, in his letter "accompanying the papers received in the senate to-day, in regard to , the Northern Pacific land grant, says: "I have the honor to transmit herewith the report , of the commissioner of the general land office on |the subject. From this report it will be seen that patents for land in the Olympia assembly, Washington territory, were issued on the Bth of April, 1880, for 3,016.8 acres, opposite a portion of the road constructed by said com pany previously to 1875. No patents for land have been issued for 475 miles of said road constructed, examined and accepted in 1880 -1881.- • -\ : . ■.:■.■■-;• • '. ■■.:>■ ::■:■; • Commissioner McFarland's report to Secre tary Kirkwood is as follows: ... . General Land Office, Washington, D. C, Jan. 16, 1882.— T0 Hon. 8. J., Kirkwood, Sec, retary of the Interior. Sir: lam in receipt, by. reference from the department the 13th inst., for report of senate resolution passed the 12th inst. Commissioner McFarland « quotes in full and - continues: ■ In | accordance > with instructions I have to report as follows: I know of no decision in any actual case presented by the commissioner of the general land office, declaring the grant to the Northern Pacific railroad company lapsed, which has been reserved by . the secretary of the interior. I enclose a copy of a letter to the register and receiver at Bozeman, Montana Territory, Oct. 12, 1877, by the then commis sioner, stating the time for completion of the railroad under the grant expired July 4, ' 1877, but that under the cited decision there was no power in the office to ; enforce the forfeiture." There may have been s other - let ters :of similar ■ import. May . 10, 1879, Geo. Gray, Esq., attorney of the company transmitted to your predecessor a map of the amended branch line of the proposed road in Washington Territory, and ! asked that it be accepted by the department, and accordingly said letter and map were referred to this of fice for report. - This report called for | was made May 21, 1879, and Gray's letter returned therewith, to the department : I where it is now ;on file. 'A copy of my predecessor of said is herewith submitted. .It will be observed that there is presented to the secretary the question whether or not the grant in question had lapsed June 11, 1879. Your predecessor returned approval of the amended route and map, with his decision upon the questions involved in said decision. The above recited decision by your predecessor is the only one of which lam aware touching the lapse of the grant in question. I know of no opin ion of the attorney general on the premises. Full reports with maps showing the • several lines of road proposed by the company, and a history of the withdrawal of the grant was made by the acting commissioner of this of fice, March 8, 1881, and by your prede cessor, communicated to the sen ate : March 12, . ISSO. . ■ The '; only patent issued to Coslno, July 4, 1877, was dat ed April B, IBSO, covering 301 68-100 acres . in the granted limits of the Olympia land dis trict, Washington territory, opposite a portion of the road constructed previous to October 26, 1880. The attorney general , rendered 'aa opinion on similar questions relating .to -the grant to the Atlantic & Pacific railroad com pany. /■- : - I am, sir, very respectfully, (Signed), N. C. McFarland, Com'r. Criticising Judge Hunt. [Special to Western Associated Press.] Washington, Jan. 19.— Mr. Bayard, iv dis cussing the Davis bjll to retire Judge Hunt, somewhat sharply criticised him for com pelling congress to retire him. Bayard said it was plain that the infusion of new blood was bad!) 7 needed on thn supreme bench and he would be glad to see it. That court wa3 iv ai rears in it 3 work and public business was suffering. He deeply regretted that obstruc tion in the way of infusing new life into the court had to be removed by an act of Con gress. Senator Davis, of Illinois, said the bill was not for Hunt's benefit, but for the public good; that Hunt had the right to retain his place on the bench if he chooses. Senator Hoar protested against this con struction of Hunt's rights and endorsed what Bayard had said. When a judgn becomes in capacitated from performing his c'uty he had no further right to his position, and he ssid that for himself he would saw wood the re mainder of his life before he would permit his father to remain on the bench if unabln to discharge his duties, or to take advantage of enforced retirement. There has been criticism in the public press heretofore because Judge Hunt did not re sign, and it has been said that bis family were unable to support him; therefore Senator Hoar's remarks are supposed to allude to tbe apparent unwillingness of the Hunt family to take care of him. INGAI.L3 EXDOR3ED. Special to Western Associated Press? Washington, Jan. 19. — Senator In galls will take the first opportunity when he can set the floor to reply to Beck ' 3 speech against the ar rears of the pensions act and to press a vote upon Ingalia' resolution declaring . against there peal of that act. He has received a number of letters from different points of the country thankingihim for hi 3 defense of the pensions act' and also engrossed copies of resolutions adopted by approving the position he haß taken. EOAKD OF TKADE. The national board of trade resumed Its ses sion to-day. The committee on bankruptcy legislation submitted a report endorsing the Lowell bill. Discussion of that report occu pied most of the day's session- A recess was taken to allow the members to pay their re spects to the president, who received them cordially and expressed great satisfaction at meeting the representatives of the trade and commerce of the country. CONFIRMATIONS. The senate confirmed the following post masters. Wm. Gailier, Bradford, Pa.; F. J. Burrows, Willlarasport, Pa.; A. F. Walton, Shroudsberg, Pa.; O. H. Roberson, Sandwich, 111 ; W. A. Jordon, Morris, 111.; D. Harton, Fentonstflle, Mich.; S. S.Clay, Paris, Ky. BREVITIES. In th© police court, counsel for defense in the straw-bond star route cases not beinjr ready to proceed, hearing was postponed until to-morrow. There is some doubt as to the president's signing the census deficiency bill, which has been before him the past three days . The eenate committee on commerce has agreed to recommend the passage of McMil lan's bill to reduce the fees of inspectors for examining and licensing masters, engineers, mates and pilots of steam vessels, to fifty cents each, instead of $5 and $10 respectively, as authorized by the present law. Senator Coke's bill, to regulate inter-state commerce and prohibit unjust discriminations by common carriers, was to-day taken up and ■referred to a sub-committee consisting of Coke, Miller, Nye and Kellogg. To-day's sessions of the Woman's Suffrage association convention was well attended. At the morning session the report of the execu tive committee was presented and a resolution adopted declaring it the immediate dnty of the Forty-seventh congress to submit a proposi tion for the sixteenth amendment to the con stitution which shall prohibit several states disfranchising United States citizens on the ground of sex. The Soldiers and Sailers National league, this evening condemned the attacks made in congress and in newspaf >ers- upon the arrears pensions act, expressed disapproval of all ef forts to bring about it.? repert and thanked Senators Voorhees and Ii igalls for their defense of the measure and theii advocacy of the in terests of the soldiers ami sailors of the repnb lic. John H. Hickox, assistant in the library of Congress, has been arrested on the charge of purhoning money from' letters addressed to parties in the capital. Washington, July 19.— The members of the New York ariff convention, now in the city, appeared before the house committee on ways and mean) to-day. Jno. Jarrett, of Pittsburg, represt nting the amalgamated iron and steel works, addressed the committee in regard to the condition of the workingmeu of this countrj as contrasted with those in European coin tries. An address favoring the appointment if a tariff commission to in vestigate the whole question was delivered by Joseph Wharton, of Philadelphia. At a meeting o the board of managers of the national horn? for disabjed volunteer sol diers, to-day, estimates of the appropriation for the ensuing lineal year were agreed upon and a committee appointed, consisting of Gen. Franklin, Gen. WcMahon and Col. Harris, to wait upon the 1 ouse committtee on- appro priations, to-inoirow, in regard thereto. Gen. Dudley, commissioner of pensions, met the board this afterr oon by iuvitation.to confer in regard to the I ill affecting the pensions of inmates of the different homes. RAILKOAD NOTES, KGco. A. Jewett, superintendent of the Pull man palace car business, of Chicago, is in St. Paul. During the pa: t year the St. Paul & Mani toba road made sales of 201,000 acres, up to December 31st. There were 1855 purchases, which would be un average of 10S acre 3 each. W. J. Footner, superintendent of the North ern Pacific express, who has had his office in the American ex )re3S office, will move to-day to the United Mates express office, on the southwest cornei of Third and Cedar streets. E. T, Evans, na^ager of the Lako Superior Transportation company, between Duluth and Buffalo, is in St. Paul. He is accompanied by John Gordon, fo • a long time general agent of lake lines at Dulith, and now general agent of the Anchor line (water) at Chicago. PERSONAL. Governor Hnlbard has gone to Red Wing. A. D. Perkin: , of Windom is at the Clar endon. J. C. Winans (4 Bradford, Pa., is quartered at the Clarendon . R. J. Maguire, of the Duluth Tribune, 13 at the St. James he tel. C. W. Samson, of Amboy, is among the gents at the Clftr mdon. C. J. Cole and wife of Green Bay, are stop ping at the Clarendon. A. McGowan and J. J.Johnson, of Winni peg, are at the Windsor. J. C. Pierce and E. Foster, of Red Wing, were at the Merchants yesterday. J. N. Liscon.b, of Marshall, and T. B. Lawrence, of O vatonna, are at the Windsor, "SH. Wilson, of Faribault.andE. A. Jewett, of Chicago, are registered at tho Metropolitan. Hon John Me rguay, Hon. M. La Rivere and H. D. Cameron, of Winnipeg, are at the Metro politan.' W. Henderscu, of St. Cloud, and Albert Reiley, of Morr s, were looking about St. Paul yesterday. Fred. Burgest, business agent of the Neil Burgess "Widosv Bedotte" Comedy company, is at the Claren lon. A. A. MeGowsn, sergeant of poiice of Win nipeg, and J. J. Johnson of the same city, are looking about ;1L Paul. Fred. Burges?, business agent of -Neil Bur gess' Widow Bedott Comedy company, has rooms at the C avendon. H.Walton, of Chicago; W. 11. Balkan, of Boston, and W. P. Farrington, of New York, were among i\\i arrivals at the Merchants. Ssrgeant Ale :;tnder McGowan, of the Win nipeg police fo fee, and I. I. Johnson, a prom inent resident ( f that city, arrived iv St. Paul yesterday morning. They were extended the hospitalities of the city by Chief Weber. Funny L-.i France. Contrary to expectation, the council at their meeting Tuesd iy night failed to wrestle with the imbroglio >ver the purchase of the i>3\v flre engine, tht La France. Meantime, there is manifested c d all sides a degree of reticence which to the average newspaper man ifl really appalling,, and Egyptian darkness is noonday radiance alongside of tho gloom that has settled over tbe subject. If B fellow wants to get fired out 01 Chief Strong's office, all be has got to do is to approach tint official for an interview on the subject of the La France. It is the same svay with Comptroller Roche. Upon the appioach of a reporter that official crawls, clam-like, into his shell, and Is about as eloquent as one of Barnum's mummies. He has his rea-ons you know, but the suction of a forty mule force pump could'nt induce him to give 'em to the Woody newspaper fel lows for the bfnefit of the dear, dear people. At present it looks as if the latter would have to content themselves and stand the racket A Prolific Widow A remarkable pension case has just come before the adjutant general. It-is that of a soldier's widow who applies for a pension on account of her husband, who died March 13, ISO 2, (note tht date) and whose three father less children, as set forth in her affidavit, were born as iol lows: April 11, 1868; Septem ber 10, 1869, ami March 8. 1878. Some months ago the Gjloue noted a case where a widow applied for a pension, in which caso, accord ing to the datis furnished, her child was born some months before her marriage, which was rather a stunner to the adjutant general, but when children come dropping iv upon a poor lone widow :iix, seven and sixteen yesn af ter the death of her husband, it is getting heart-re.n<linj», and if the present pension laws do not afford relief, they should be promptly amended to meet the emergency. T-: ■' Boughs Arrested. About twelve- o'clock last bight officers O'Gorman and Gstchell tc ok to the city hall : two brothers, named T, Earl and M. Early, charged with disor derly conduct. 9 They belong to j the Dayton Bluff gang, and won found (he other Bido of the St. Paul & Dulnth depot on lower Third street, partly drunk and fighting. Ono of the brother) was put into a cell where a mm named Johnson vra« lock*"} np and In less then a minute bo was fighting with htm, and the .' jailer 1 -, had to take him out. Whiio - the j ■ officers were taking . ! (ho two prisoners to . the city . hall: they wore followed by 1. -.veil-known rough named Masuirp, who, a few wi«ka ago, was arrested and fined > for being engage' lin a drunken brawl in tho same lo cality. This "tllow Magnlre soon ' after the arrest was made last night, followed up and • endeavored to get the two prisoners to | make a break, and told them to serve the "cops" si he did. Officer Getch ell covered Mignlrewith his revolver, and told him that if he ma id a move In the direction indicated, be would makft a hole through him. Maguire Raw the officer meant what he said, and made no eflort to reieiEe the prisoners. A Mew Law Firm -with Frank Carl ton as a Member. ... .-.;• . A wide circl ) of friends will be interested to hear that Mr. Fran c Oarlton, who officiated so admirably as executive Jlerk during a greater part of the in cumbency of 1 Governor Pillsbury, and who formerly occupied the position .of clerk of the municipal court, is about to become identified with one of the leading law firms of Minneapolis. He has formed a copartnership with Messrs. Cross & Hicks of that city, and commencing on Monday next the style of the firm will <be Cross, Hicks & Carlton. Mr. Oarleten brings to Hie firm I a degree of effi ciency acquired by an unusually ripe and varied ex perience, his rare opportunities being such I as fall to the fortune of but few young lawyers. XHe la. a thorough student and well up in all points of com mon and statute law : ' . Tho bar of Minneapolis and the state msy jo congratulated upon so worthy and valuable an acquisition. ].ow«r River Floods. New Orl sans, .Tan. 19. — Flood Waters from Big Black riyr are spreading in every direct ion. About thirty miles of the Chicago, St. Louis <& New Orle-aus railroad are under water. Maiiy culverts are destroyed and much of the road bod is washed away. It may be weeks befor; through traffic is resumed. No trains are n cning between Canton and Gre nada, eight f nine miles. A dispatch from Goodman reports the lower ptirt of the town inundated, Ihe turnpike road destroyed and the bridge c ver the Big Black river washed away. A 1! obile dispatch reports all the low er lamiiug a ong the Tombiebee river inunda ted. Fifty- ox: feet of water H reported at Tuscalooxa md still rising. U. 3. 'officer Arrested In Mexico for In -, «■..'• *".'■ -:'. vasion. ; - : Santa Ff k, N. M., Jan. 18.— Last week Dr. McDonald, 1 who has been scouting ; along the southern border/with twenty scouts for the trail of Nan a and i his Apaches, •' crossed the border into > Chihuahua -„■ and was arrested by the Mexican authorities and taken to : Chihua hua City for ! trial ; for i invasion. ': The } facts have been*^ported to the war department. [• '■• Gov. Sheldon received information that this morning thirty bead of horses and oxen from freight ~tn in 4 were * stole) ; between! Shakes peare ■] and Defendorfer's veils, ;in Southern Mexico. ti.li is net known whether the thieves were > rustlers £or £ Apaches. j'A' company of militia is a ter the thieves. HO. 20 FOREIGN NEWS. Decision by the Court of Appeal Un der the Land Act Decidedly Favorable to Tenants—Connell, the Informer, filling Evidence lo Convict His AsBonlatea--MU ceUaneous. GREAT BRITAIN. IMPOKTANT LAND ACT DECISION. Belfast, Jan. 19.— Commissioners O'Ha gen, Little and Vernon,' sitting as a court of appeal, yesterday delivered Juudgment in the first appeal form decisions of the assistant commissioners under the land act, who reduced the tenants' improved fixed rent lease from jG36 10s to £50. The question decided was whether the rent should be varied. The court affirmed the decision of the assistant commissioners. Commissioner Vernon dis dissented, Great importance is at tached to the judgment, as it set tles the point in the land act known as 11 Healey's Cause." The case will be carried to the court of appeals. Th^pppeal in the above case was by Mrs. Dunseath, against the decision reducing the person who formerly held on the lease, but is now yearly tenant, by about £6, fixing it at £2. Appellant's counsel submitted three important points un der the land act. His maximum claim was that the landlord is entitled* to a lease for all improvements made prior to the expiration of the lease. It was contended that by a change of the nature of the tenant's holding, from a lease to a yearly tenancy, these improvements could not be considered as made by the tenant or his predecessor in title. If the court declined to grant this proposition, the landlord was entitled to n>eeive rent for all the im provements made during the currency of the lease, except those made by an interested tenant, as his predecessors occupancy could not have been considered pre decessors in title. Finally, the landlord was at least entitled to rent for all Improve ments prior to the lease, and to the same rent in respect to improvements made during the lease, as the tenant, by having use of these improvements, had already been the party compensated Commisssioners O'Laggan and Little decided against appellant on all the?e points. COXNELL, THK TRAITOR. Dublix, Jan. 19.— At ,the Cork asaisae to day tbe outlaw leader, Connell, pleaded guilty to various charges against him. He will be a witness in other cases in which the members of his band are defen lastf. At the time of his wrest in the latter part of December, for having arms . in the proclaimed dis trict, Connell was already suspect'- of being the leader of the band which had committed outrages, rendering the district of Mill street one of the moat notorious m Ire land. His arrest took place at Mushra under exciting circumstances. A large force of police acting on private information, sur rounded the house of Thomas Shea, a farmer, living in a lonely district near the Mushra mountains. Upon knocking the police were admitted and two of them rushed up stairs and found Con nell in bed but dressed. He endeavored to divest himself of hi 3 waist coat, but the police after a fierce struggle with him obtained pos session of the garment and found in one pocket a gold watch stolen from a man named Cudmore, during a recent moonlight raid. ' They also found in his possession a list of persons who committed offens23 against the unwritten law of the Riband society, and who were consequently marked for vengeance. The list is signed and countersigned with fic titious names names, and concludes thus: "Examined and approved of as work for the right squad. Capt. of the Moonlights." Among the iutended victims were Jame3 Sullivan and Dennis Cookman, farmers, who were to be shot on suspicion of paying rent, and Sullivan's two daughters, whose hair was to be cut to the bone, one for having spoken to a policeman, and the other for dealing with a proscribed person. Other persons were mentioned whoee ears were to l>e cut for lesser offences. In consequence of the document found- on Don nelly five young men were arrested in Mill street named Kellieghen, Connor, Leahy, Farrell and Hurley h.ive been identified as be longing to the party implicated in the attack on the house of Mrs. Fitzgerald. PROVING THE CRIME. Kvidence Connect- lag Neal, Croft anil Ellin With the Car lo! I sburg Murder. Cattlettsburg, Jan.Ky., 19.— J. Burkwas the first witn-33 called this morning, ne said Neal shortly after the murder first told him the murder was committed with an ase and crowbar. Mrs. Simmonds and Carroll were examined. Saw three men the morning after the murder, and recognized them as Neal, Croft und Ellis. They were stauding very close together, a short distance from there, which is about half a mile from the Gibbons house. Mr. and Mrs. Compter were examined. Neal called at their house a few nights after the murder. He was scared and would look at the door at frequent Intervals. Neal was offered an overcoat when he spoke of going home, but refused it, stating It would be a bad thing to run with. Every witness examined yet clinches the truth of Elli9' confession. The prosecution will finish the examination of witnesses to-day. One witness testified that Robbie Gibbons had short hair as wa3 found on the blade of the axe. The prosecution recalled Powell, owner of the Gibbons' house, to prove the murder was committed in this county, something they failed to do until this afternoon. The com monwealth was delayed about an hour wait ing on absent witnesses. The defense was granted the privilege of consultation prepara tory to the examination of witnesses. On arrival of two witnesses for the prosecution, the work of finishing up proceeded. Thos. Bairdon the stand, stated that he knew Neal, the prisoner, who was workiDg at the Norton Iron works, but every few minutes would dis appear and sit down in the dark an<l stay there till he would send for him again. Neal was timid in the light and do Iging about in the dark places of the mill the night of his arrest. Witness had worked with Neal some time, but never observed such conduct before. Sterling Gibbons, brother of the sauntered children, an extremely bright boy of 11 yi ar?, was called and recogniEedtue bloodstained axe as one he found last summer, and in the same position the night he left home as when picked up, where Ellis stated in his confessiou. He recognized the crowbar also as theirs. During the examination a breathless silence fell upon the audience. The prosecution rested their case at 3 o'clock. Court adjourned until morning to give the defense time for further consultation. SMALL POX IN CHICAGO Steady Spread of the Pestilence, Not withstanding the Precaution* of H. tlih Officers. Chicago, Jan. 19.— The health ofilcers of the city are fast becoming alarmed at. the pre valence and growth of sinallpor *i the city. The deaths to-day were five and new case 3 seven. Officers state also both pest houses are full and overflowing; not one -twentieth of the cases are known to the authorities. Store keepers carefully hide in their bouses and stores the cases which break out there, lest the knowledge of them drive away trade, and in this way the disease is spread by whole sale despite the almost unlimited frte use of vaccine points, which now amounts to 1,000 per day. The country towns continue to send their victims hither and Incoming patients searching for the health office mingling with citizens on the street and frequently get into the wrong places. The state board of health report eighteen new cases in the state to-day. Anna Dickinson as Hamlet- Rochester, N. V., Jan. 19 — Anna Dickin son's debut as Hamlet was made before a large and appreciative audience. The people ap plauded and th^ press to-morroW'wlll praise the pluck she has shown in inaugurating so great a dramatic departure. The Damoerat and Chronicle will say of her performance: "Her voic?, her manner, the very life she gave to the part, was effeminate, and not once could one lose consciousness of the fact it was a female interpretation of the character, but the reading was made marvelously im pressive at times and without extravagance it may be said the mental interpretation was a revelation. She wa3 at her best in the solilo quies and her dramatic action was surprising ly good. She has certainly made a compara tive success." Robert W. Coleman drew $975 from bank yesterday afternoon, intending to send it by express. Meeting some friends he went up to the impeachment court, and upon coming away found his pocket-book gone. He adver tises for it elsewhere.