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Daily globe. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, December 31, 1882, Image 23

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025287/1882-12-31/ed-1/seq-23/

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MARKET HOUSE, ST. PAUL.
OUR BANKING CAPITAL,
The Commercial Center Which Attracts
the Wealth of Sagacious and Enter-□
prising Business Ken.
FIGURES VERY SIGNIFICANT.
Capital Nearly Six Millions, Deposits
Nearly Eleven Millions and Over
Ninety Millions of Ex
change Sale?.
BANKS AND BANKING.
The amount of the transaction* by the
banks of a city is, of course, the best in
dex to the business of the place. St.
Paul's commercial importance is demon
strated in a most gratifying manner, by
the character of her banking institutions"
and the immense sums of money handled
by them. These institutions have steadily
kept pace with the remarkable growth of
the city and the marvelous development of
the vast country tributary to it.
THE FIHST NATIONAL BANK
is at present the most extensive of bank
ing houses. It was established in Febru
ary. 1863, and to-day is one of the most
stable and wealthy mone^eil institutions
of the country. It was originally a private
banking house and grew to its present im
portance under the sagacious, and efficient
management of Messrs. J. E. Thompson
and Horace Thompson, both now de
ceased.
The First National bank has a paid-in
capital of $1,000,000. Its books show a
balance cf $390,000 representing surplus
and undivided profits, a circulation cf
$294,000, deposits amounting to $3,950,
--000. loan.?, $3,850,000, and during the past
year it has Bold $84,500,000 of exchange.
The present officers are: Henry P. Upham,
president: C. D. Giifillan, vice president;
E. H. Bailey, cashier and W-A. .Miller, as
sistant cashier. The bank -till occupies
the same banking room in which it was
started nineteen years since, but the
quarters are so limited that the corpora
tion is erecting a splendid block at the
corner of Jackson and Fourth streets,
which will be 48x100 feet, live stories in
height, ami of entirely ornamental archi
tecture. The entire lower story and base
ment of this edifice will be occupied by
the bank.
THE 31 Hi;i HANTS* NATIONAL BANK.
This bank was organized in 1872, and
has a capital of $1,000,000. It occupies
very elegant and spacions apartments at
the corner of Third and Jackson streets,
in the Fire and Marine Insurance com
pany block, and has in the la-t lev.- year*
been obliged to increase its space. The
banking room is fitted in the most elabor
ate style, the wood work all being black
walnut, and the furniture solid and rich.
The officers are now: John L. Merriam.
president: Walter A. Mann, vice president,
and W. R. Merriam, cashier. On to-mor
row, Jan. 1, Mr. Mann will withdraw, and
Mr. W. R. Merriam will succeed him as
vice president, Mr. F. A. Seymour, of Still
water, taking the vacant position of cash
ier. The Merchants' has surplus and undi
vided profits amounting to $370,000, a cir
culation of $90,000, deposits $2,500,000
loans $3,000,000, ,md its years* business in
exchange has reached $30,000,000.
THE SECOND NATIONAL BANK
was organized in 1865, and now occupies a
fine apartment at the corner of Third and
Wabashaw streets, in McQuillan's block.
The officers are, E. S. Edgerton, president;
A. S. Cowley, vice-president, and A. E.
Ferte, cashier. Its capital is $200,000;
surplus and undivided profits, $234833;
circulation. $180,000; deposits, $£,100^254;
loans average 75.000; exchange sold in
1882, $7,077,450. The Second National is
located in the center ol retail trade, and is
the furthest op town of all the banks. It
was originally somewhat further west on
C. ST. P. M. & O. R. R. OFFICES.
Third street, when it was supposed that
the trade center would be at Seven corners.
The stock of the Second National has sold
higher than that of any other bank in St.
Paul, and offers are standing of over 200
per cent, on its par value.
THE GEBMAX-AMEEICAN BANK.
This institution is the outgrowth of a
private banking house established in 1856.
In 1873 it was regularly incorporated with
the above name. Its capital has been $300,
--000, but on Jan. 1,1883, it will be increased to
$500,000. The bank has a surplus of $200,
--000, its deposits amount to $1,20,0,000. its
loans to $1,100,000, and in 1882 it handled
$10,500,000 of exchange. The German-
American occupies the first floor of a fine
stone block, No. 94 East Third street. This
edifice was erected by the bank and is one
of the handsomest buildings in St. Paul.
The banking room is large and elegant,
being finished in black walnut, having
marble counters and very artistically fres
coed walls and ceilings. F. Willius is
president; Gen. J. B. Sanborn, vice presi
| dent, and Gustav Willing, cashier. Con
j nected with the bank is a safe deposit
I vault, which is admitted to be one of the
! best in the country. It is conducted in the
j most admirable manner and is largely pat-
I ronized by capitalists, merchants and pri- 1
j vate individuals. At times the vault un
i doubtedly contains not less than $10,000,
--; 000 in money, securities and other valuable
j property.
BANK OF MINNESOTA.
In November last the private banking
I house of Dewson, Smith & Seheffer, which
; was established in 1861, was re-organized
! and incorporated as the Bank of Minnesota
, with a paid up capital of $000,000. and
j the following officers: William Dawsor.
I president; Robert A. Smith, vice president.
| Albert Seheffer, cashier: and Herman Schet
; fer, assisstant cashier. The deposits
I amount to $1,300,000, which, however, doe
! not include $318,000 which is represented
I by certificates of Dawson, Smith &Scheffer.
| which are subject to exchange for certifi
i cates of the present bank. The institution
i carries loans to the amount of $I£Bo,ooo,
.; and its exchange business of the past year
, reached $6,00,000. This banking house is
, located at the corner of Jackson and Fourth
streets, and is. in point of finish and fur
nishing, probably equaled by but few in
the United States. The wood-work is hand
some red cherry, elaborately designed and
finely finished, with bird's-eye maple pan
els.
THE CAPITAL BANK OF ST. PA~I..
Organized in October 1880, and is lo
cated at No. 137 East Third street. Its
officer? are L. E. Reed, president; W. D.
Kirk, cashier, and J. W. Wait, assistant
cashier. The capital is $100,000, and
surplus $25,000. The deposits at the time
of the last statement were ■ §2i»4,f>S4. ite
loans amount to $248,000, and it? ex
change business reached $3,000,000. The.
managers and directors are among the
oldest, wealthiest and most sagacious men
of St. Paul, the president, Mr. L. E. Reed,
having for over a quarter of a century
occupied high positions in the older banks.
The banking room is handsome and cheer
ful and is finished in butternut in Er.^t
lake design.
THE PEOPLES' EAXK.
This institution was opened on the 18th
of this December, at the corner of Seventh
and Sibley streets, in the midst of a pros
perous and growing community of retail
merchants, and convenient to the largest
wholesale houses. The paid up capital is
$100,000, and the officers are W. J. Mac
auley, president; Geo. R. Finch, vice
president, and G. E. Rittenhouse. cashier.
The sagacity displayed in the establish
ment of the bank has been fully proved,
even in the brief period that has elapsed
since its start, and the institution is rap
idly securing a constituency of desirable
patron?. The room occupied is bright
and handsome and is finished in butternut
and black walnut.
THE SAVINGS EAXK OF ST. PAUL
was organized in 1867. It is located on
the corner of Third and Robert streets,
and the officers are as follows: John S.
Prince, president; E. J. Meier, assistant
cashier; trustees. E. F. Drake, H. R. Brill.
i B. Presley, John A. Stees and John S.
Prince. Its capital is $50,000, with surplus
and undivided profits of £6.000. The savings
deposits amount to $200,000.71; business
deposits. $57,531.84: loans and discounts.
THE SAINT PAUL SUNDAY GLOBE, SCNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31, 1882.
1 SPECIMEN STRUCTURES.
1 Bffiitfl
/

SOME OF THE BUSiyJESS AXli I'UBLIC
I BZ'ILDiyGS THAT ORXAMEXT
ST. VAIL.
The Market House and Turner Hall—
New Drake Building—P. H. Kelly's
Block—The St. Paul & Omaha General
Offices.
The Drake Bltich:
The Drake block.built for Auerbach.Rneh
& Van Slyck. wholesale dealers in dry
goods and notions, is one of the finest
houses in the country. The building has
frontages of seventy-five feet each on
Fourth and Fifth streets and 300 feet on
Sibley street. Its entire floor area is nearly
three acres. The superstructure is of
; brick, faced with the finest . grade of St.
Louis pressed brick, with water-table and
all trimmings of Kasota cut stone. The
illustration will give some idea of the
structure. The basement floor is divided
into two apartments, one 210 feet long and
the other 90 feet long, department A. the
larger room being the general salesroom
ofthis establishment. The main floor with
its contents and transactions is one of the
most interesting business rooms in the
world. The first forty-five feet of the en
tire room is cut off and subdivided for the
offices and accounting rooms by elegant
partitions of cherry wood and clear plate
glass. The department on this floor is
under the supervision of Mr. Finch, and
filled with silks, dress goods, prints, flan
nels, ginghams, cottonades, jeans, etc. The
third floor is one complete, unbroken
stretch of the entire building, and is re
garded as the most splendid portion of the
building. On this floor is the stock of white
goods carried by this large house. The
stock includes white goods, shawls, cloaks,
hosiery, gloves, underwear, linens, laces,
etc. The kid glove counter is especially
large and fine, done in the rich butternut—
the only furniture on this floor which is
not in pure white. The fourth floor is in
two divisions, one of 200 feet and one of
100 feet, the former, which is occupied by
department D, notions, including a fine
line of parasols, fans, corsets, fancy rib
bons, dress trimmings, etc., in endless va
riety. The other division is a department
entirely of the firm's own manufacture. I
in the line of overalls, heavy and coarse un
derwear, etc. Shafts run its whole length,
furnishing steam power to over 200 sewing
machines.ln the mannf Picturing department
on the fifth floor 300 girls and men are em
ployed. A large portion of the fifth floor
is occupied in the manufacture of tents,
awnings, tarpaulins, wagon co\«rs, bags of
all kinds, printed flour sacks, burlaps, etc..
which the house make and sells a tremen
dous product. Six thousand bags per day
is the capacity of this department. The
$2G0,010.90. The amount of exchange sold ;
in 1882 was $500,000. This is one of /the
most substantial and well-managed insti
tutions of the kind in the country.
THE THIRD NATIONAL BANK
will be organized early in 1883, and com-}
mences business in the new Drake block on '
Third street between Jackson and Sibley j
streets about May 15. It will have a capi
tal stock of $1,000,000, and the first officers ;
will be as follows: Walter A. Mann—now !
vice president of the Merchants' National,
president: B. C. Howes of Farmers' and i
Traders" bank, Hastings, vice president: '
J. Lockey. public examiner of National I
banks, Washington, D. C. cashier. The j
bank will fit their rooms in the best style '
and the location is one the finest in the '
city. !
PBITATX BANKING HOUSES. !
W. A. Culbertson has very handsome '
offices in Giifillan's block at the corner, of ;
Jackson and Fourth streets, and conducts I
a business devoted strictly to the baying !
of commercial paper, his transactions in i
1882 amounting to about $2,000,000.
Peabody A: Hegeman on the 4th of this j
month (December) opened a private bank- ,'
ing house No.4ol,Jackson street. They will !
do a general banking business, and com
mence with a capital of $25,000. They j
have as correspondents and references ;
some of the most solid banks in New York, !
Chicago, St. Louis and St. Paul, and hay- i
ing had large experience, and holding an '
abundance of capital they are destined to '
meet with success. Their'is back very neat- '
ly finished in butternut, and is prettily fur- I
nished.
The growth of the business is well dis- '
played by comparing the figures given in
the above brief but correct exhibits with !
the amount of business done by the banks '
in 1881. The capital invested in banks has !
increased $849,450, the surplus and un- '
divided profits have grown $311,008, and I
there was $21,777,450 more exchange this
year than last.
tttiimHmm.
The aggregate banking business of the
city shows as follows: Capital. $5,799,838;
deposits, $10,920 : 3G9; loans, $10,913,000:
exchange. $91,577,450.
INSURANCE.
FIEE AND MABINE INSTANCE COMPANY.
This is an institution of which St. Paul ■
is pretty proud, as it holds a national posi- :
tion, and bears a reputation which may :
well be envied by the oldest insurance <
companies of the world. ( It was estab
lished by men of thoroughly tested judg- •
ment, and the highest characters for in- <
tegrity and sagacity, ana the management i
since its organization in 1865 has been j
such as to command the confidence of the >
people. The present capital of $400,000 t
will, at the commencement of the new t
year, be increased to $500,000. The as- t
1 sixth floor is a storage room for all the
different departments. It also includes a
commodious sample room, where men are
constantly employed furnishing tracts and
arguments for the traveling army. A
large packing room is also on this floor.
The entire foice of this mammoth linn
numbers 425 persons.
Marliet House.
To Col. Alien, president of the common
council, belongs the credit of projecting
and carrying forward to completion what
is known as Market hall, the largest pub
lic structure in St. Paul, a picture of which
is given above. It was commenced under
difficulties and discouragements that no
one but a strong man could overcome.
At times, while Col. Allen was urging the
erection of this building, the objections to
it were stated'with so much strength and
repeated so often that it seemed as though
the colonel would be defeated. It was not
so ordained, however, and the work on the
building was commenced and finally car
ried through to completion. It is 280 feet
long, extending from Wabashaw street to
St. Peter. On the St. Peter end of the
building it is 82 feet in width, and on
Waba*haw street 75 feet wide. It is built
of yellow brick, and is furnished with a
large and pleasant toned bell. It has never
been used for a market house for the rea
son that when it was about completed the
state capitol was destroyed by lire, and
Market ball was by common consent ten
dered to the governor for the use of the
state oncers and the legislature. Since
that timt' the lower part of it has been
used exclusively by the state for a capital.
In this building the legislature has con
vened, and the laws that govern the state
have been passed and approved within its
walls. The second story is used for the
municipal court and for generul public
purposes. In the west end there is a large
hall capable of seating 1,500 people. Al
together the building has cost something
over $100,000. °
Chicago, St. Paul S. Omaha Block.
The cut herewith represents the headquar
ters building of the Chicago, St. Paul &
Omaha road. It is located ou the north
west corner of Fourth and Wacouta streets.
and is constructed of red pressed brick.
The plans as originally prepaed .by Hr.
Radcliff were considerably more elaborate
and ornamental than appears from the
building as it now stands. These plans
were taken in hand by Mr. Porter when he
came here as president of the road, and
cut down to a more economical basis.
The building as it now stands is 60 feet
front on Fourth street and 120 feet on
Wacouta street. It is three stories with a
deep basement and a mansard roof, and
cost $60,000.
The _\V<r Turner Hi:!;.
An excellent view of which is herewith
given, is situated at the corner of Sixth
and Franklin street, fronting on Sixth. Its
architecture is German 'renaissance in
DRAKE BLOCK.
sets of the company are over $1,000,000,
and the business extends throughout the
United States. The officers of the com
pany are: C. E. Bigelow. president; P.
Berkey. vice president; W. S. Timberl.ike.
treasurer; C. B. Gilbert, secretary. The
company occupies the second stor/ of a
fine granite building of its own at the
corner of Third and Jackson streets. The
amount of losses paid since the organiza
tion of"the company to the date of its last
annual report was $3,576,988.
The German-American Hail Insurance Co.
was organized in 1875, and has qualified
under the laws of Minnesota. Wisconsin
and lowa. It has a capital of $25,009 and
is officered as follows: Gen. John B. San
born, president: Walter H. Sanborn, secre
tary, and E. B. Sanborn, treasurer and gen
eral manager. The annual business amounts
to about $850,000. The office of the com
pany is in the Germ an-American bank
building. No. 94 East Third street.
German Scandinavian. Hail and Storm In
surance Co.-
This company was organized in Decem
ber, 1881, with a capital of $25,000, its
charter providing for the privilege to in
crease to $100,000. The officers are A. R.
Kiefer, president; Gustav Willius, vice
president and treasurer: J. P. Jacobson,
secretary, and J. A. Allen, general mana
ger. It does business in Minnesota,-Wis
consin nnd lowa, and during its existence
has written about $500,000 of risks, an*
paid 120 losses. The office of the company
is in Presley's block. 101 East Third street.
THE WHOLESALE BUSINESS.
While the growth of St. Paul from year
to year for the past four live years, may
seem remarkable and even phenomenal to
many who are ignorant of the causes which
conspire to produce it, to those acquainted
with the immense resources of the vast
country tributary to it, it is not r a matter
for wonder. No portion of the world is
developing so rapidly as is the great cen
tral North. From all parts of the globe
people are nocking to its fertile fields, to
its extensive forests, to its valuable min
eral regions and to its broad cattle ranges.
North and northwest of St. Paul lies a rich
territory all paying tribute and developing
in such a healthy manner that the city
must in a very few years grow to dimen
sions equaled by but few in- the Union. .
The same ratio of increase appears in
all items of growth, and the mostvcareful
estimates place that ratio at about thirty
three per cent, in population, building,
and business. It is known that that ratio
will hold good throughout the entire cen
tral North, applying to the influx of set
tlers, the increase of.cultivated » acreage,
the amount of wheat produced, the mi:««
style, has a frontage of 60
feet by 100 feet in depth, two high stories
and basement in height, with mansard
roof, and cost §18,000. The foundation
and basement is of granite, and the super
structure wood. The basement i* divided
off into a club room, dining room, kitchen,
pantries, wine room, closets and lovatories.
The hall on the first floor is 60x85 feet and
28 feet in heighth in the clear, and will
seat 1,200 people. The decorating of the
walls and ceiling of the hall is rich and
tasty, being in the Pomptian style. Front
ing the stage is a gallery with a
seating capacity of 500, beneath
which is a reading room. Directly
off the hall to the left of the main entrance
the ladies* dre—.ng rooms, all tastefully
furnished. Fo: rhe purposes designed the
hall is very complete—a credit to the city
and the society. It is the intention of the
society during 18i?3 to build a gymnasium
oq the rear of the hall, with an entrance
from Franklin street, in connection with a
large and well equipped stage, provision
having been made for such an addition in
the planning of the hall.
13.I 3. H. K-Utj Mercantile Company.
Our advertising columns this morning,
announce the formation of a corporation
to be known as the P. H. Kelly, Mercantile
company. This company succeeds to the
immense business built up by the senior
of the old as Tell as the new house. Hon.
P. K. Kelly, a man who by his sagacity
and mrtirißg energy has made a busi
ness house of absolutely promi
nence. The directors of the new
corporation are Messrs. P. H. K«lly, A. Di>
fren?. Alex. Barclay, R. C. Gooding, War
ren Granger. Jerome Platt and J. M.
Cooper. The officers are:
President—P. H. Kelly.
Vice President—A. Dufrene.
Secret <iy— Alex Barclay.
Treasurer—R. C. Gooding.
The house has a half million of paid np
capital and that sum will be increased to a
full million shortly. In fact it would stand
at a million to-day but for a defect in
the general law relating to
incorporations. The incorporation begins
Jan. 10, 1883, ana *xpires Jan. 1, 1890.
The cut of the Kelly building herewith pre
sented, does not cover the entire building
occupied by this extensive house, Mr. Kel
ly havicg 'built an additional building of
100 feet by 125, fire stories high. The
hou-e occupies a frontage of 150 feet on
Third street, and the several floors cover a
surface of 100.000 squars feet. The busi
ness of the house for 1882 approximates
lour million dollars. It stands first among
the solidly successful establishments of the
country. The gentlemen who are associat
ed with Mr. Kelly in the incorporation
have long been connected with the house
i;i positions of trust and responsibility and
a inannging director like Mr. Kelly
seconded by such lieutenants as his asso
ciate', renders it certain that the future
will far ellipse the past.
lof railroad constructed, and in the im- '
; proved financial condition of the people. ]
Jn preparing a statement of the whole- j
sale business of St. Paul much time and j
j care has been bestowed, and the exhibit
presented is believed to be as accurate as
it could be made before the merchants
have finished their final accounting for the
year.lt is indorsed,by those most competent
to judge, as a fair conservative statement
and certuinly not exaggerated. Per
centages of increase vary in different lines,
but the average will be found to corre
! spond with that claimed —thirty-
j three per cent.
The admirable report for 1881 made by
the chamber of commerce placed the
wholesale business of St. Paul in that year
at $51,232,647, and below the same table is
given corrected for 1882.
Kinds *f business. Amount.
Agricultural implements ;.. $2,058,000
Beer 1,030.000
Blank books and paper 1,233,000
Boots and shoes 8,150,000
Carpets and house iurcibhinp 550,000
Cigars 850,000
Clothirg 1,000,000
Coffees, teas, spices, etc 842,000
Crockery and glassware 720,000
Confectionery and fruit 900,000
Drug*, paints, etc 2.060,000
Dry goods and notions 10,870,000
Flour, feed and commission 3,250,000
Fuel 2,500,000
Furniture , 230,000
Grai- 5,880,000
Groceries 10,200,000
Gunsand eporting goods 150,0;u
Hardwcre. stoves and heavy iron.. . 3,000,000
Hats and cap.; 1,140,000
Hides and furs 925,000
Leather, saddlery and findings 1,050,000
Live stock 3.750,000
if™? 2,200,000
Machinery and mill supplies '.'. 1,344,000
Musical instruments 150.000
Provisions 475,000
Sash, doors and blinds 500.000
Sewing machines 450,000
Trunks, valises, etc 175,000
Wiaesand liquors 2,650,000
Unclassified..: 4,4U0,C00
_ To ...$69,682,0t'0
Total fat ISSI 51,232.647
Increase in ISB2 ......818,449,353
--.
- . Manufactures.
The manufacturers of St. Paul have been
very generally called upon, and the result
has been trnly surprising, but few of them
setting the increase in their industries at
less than 50 per cent. In all the more ex
tensive lines the increase has been fully up
: to 50 per cent, and many new. establish
ments have been started. Taking the
statement published] in 1881 by
the chamber of common, which showed
manufacturing to the amount of $16,071,
--538, the products for 1882 will surely not
be less than $24,108,000.
P. H. KELLY BLOCK.
ST. PAUL WORKHOUSE.
By an act cf the legislature, approved
on the 10th day of February, 1881, the
common council of the city of St. Paul
was authorized and empowered to estab
lish, erect and maintain a work house for
the confinement and punishment of pris
oners sentenced thereto by the municipal
court of the city of St. Paul, or the district
court of the Second judicial district, Ram
sey county. The institution vas to be
placed in the hands of five directors, ap
pointed by the mayor with the con
sent of th 3 common council.
The' board was authorized to
purchase real estate for the institution at a
cost of not over $.3,000, to erect suitable
buildings, to manage the business general
and to select a superintendent. Under the
law the city of St. Paul was authorized to
expend $30,000 for buildings.
Under the provision of this act Peter
Berkey, R. W. Johnson, J. C. Richardson, I
Mark Costelle, and Lewis Engle were ap
pointed the first board of directors. Sub- '
sequently Mr. Berkey, Gen. Johnson and j
Mr. Richardson resigned and their places i
were filled by John J. Watson.G.W.Lamson,
and A. S. Elfelt. In order to save all the
money possible for the institution the
board induced the city to allow 40 acres
to be set off for the institution in what is
known as Lake Coino park, and soon
after a contract was entered into with j
Mr. Rardon far the erection of a building ;
! for $23,800. The board becoming more !
interested in the work sent a committee
consisting of Mr. Watson and Mr. Elfelt j
to Detroit to examine into the workings ;
of a similar institution in that city. These i
gentlemen visited Detroit and in due time i
made their report which was published a
few weeks ago in these columns. In Au
gust last Mr. Fitzgerald, the assistant su
perintendent of the Detroit workhouse, was
elected superintendent of the St. Paul in
stitution, and at the same time Mr. F. A.
Ren?: was elected secretary. As, however,
the building was not ready for oceapancy
at thaktime, neither of these entered upon
their duties. On the sth of December last
Mr. Renz assumed the duties of secretary
and general superintendent, and Mr. John
Jessrang was elected jailer.
The present building was erected with
reference to future extensions and en
largement?, and that board will from time
to time go to the legislature for moderate
appropriations of money with which to
complete the institution. These applications ;
will be made for such small sums and so |
gradually that the taxpayers will not feel
it to be much of a burden. The present ;
structure is 50x100 and three stories in
height, of cieam colored brick. Two
stories of the front of a depth
of thirty feet is devoted to offices and resi
dence appartment3 for the superintendent
and assistants, there being eight large and
cheerful rooms on the two floors, divided
by a wide hall leading back to the jail.
There is also a fine basement under this
portion of the building.
The jail is .r>ox7o feet and two stories
in height. The cells, of which there are
thirty, each to accommodate two persons,
are located in the center of this space, be
ing from eight to twelve feet distant from
the outside walls. They are of wrought
iron, three stories in height, with five cells
on each side, the upper rows being reached
by iron sfairs conducting to iron plat
forms, upon which the doors open. Th. 8
doors are fastened by individual locks, and
bolts, and also by combination bolts and
locks, by which - each tier of five cells is
fastened at the same time, so that a pris
oner once inside has a mighty poor show
for escape. The floor of the jail is made
of great blocks of fiat stone laid upon the
earth, cutting off all hope of
digging out underneath the
building. The windows are protected by
iron bars, built into the solid wall. Water
is forced into a large tank located in ihe
rear end of the third story, from whence it
is distributed to all parts of the building.
The entire third fl«or is set apart for a
work room, to which an iron stairway leads
from the jail. The uses to which this por
tion of the building will be devoted is a
problem yet to be decided by the directors.
It is now expected the building will be
ready for occupancy in the next two or
three weeks.
NEW TURNER HALL
STATE REFORM SCHOOL.
i The State Reform school board consist
! ing of Messrs. Ingersoll, Otis. Murray find
J Pc-tiitt. managers, and J. C. Rieldaffer, su
; perintendent, on Dec. 13. made their bien-
I nial report for the two years ending Nov.
30,1582, to Gov. Hubbard and the state
legislature. The report states that no
change in the conduct was to be noted,
and that the health of the inmates has
been good. A large number of the in
mates were committed for larceny and
other offenses punishable by imprison
ment; and this is said to be accounted for
by the difficulty in securing committments
for incorrigibility. The board earnestly
recommended that a change be made in
the law so as^> remove the objections of
county of&ciaWo sending children to the
Reform school. The act to secure proper
committment-? to the school aims mainly
at two ends: First, to protect the institu
tion from being used as an orphan
asylum, or a poor house; and sec
j ond: to secure its support from the
counties sending it inmates. It is claimed
by the board that this latter provision
does great wrong to the institution. The
legislature makes an annual appropriation
for its support. The managers are now
obliged to make out Dills to the different
I counties for the support of their inmates,
j and the amount collected from this sonrce
, amounts to about $15,000.
| In reviewing the work of the school it can
be said that it has been attended with
| gratifying success. Many of the inmates
j of former years have become old enough
J to have proved themselves worthy of the
! consdence reposed in them. The total
j number that have been discharged,
the school since the opening, Jan. 15, 1868,
is 450.
The fire of last July, which destroyed
the engine house, inflicted a loss of over
$6,000. It necessitated the stoppage of
all ihe machinery in the shops, and as the
heating apparatus of all the buildings was
connected therewith, it was necessary to
proceed at once to the erection of a new
building. The new structure was built of
solid brick walls, and an iron roof 35x40
feet and an engine of GO-horse power pur
chased.
INMATES.
Tola! number of inmates committed since
Jan. 15, 1868 573
Commitments pas: two years 106
Discharged ! % 97
Escaped 3
Died l
Out on leave of absence 1
Present in the institution 123
OFFENSES.
Larceny 76
Incorrigibility 16*.
Assault and battery .; 4
Vagrancy 3
Rape l
Attempt to break and enter stores 2
Arson 2
Attempt to poisou 1
Manslaughter in fonith degree 1
Total 106
FF.OX WHAT COUNTIES SENT.
Hennopin 41 Blue Earth 1
Ramsey 32 Winoca 2
ieimsted 2 McLeod 1
i-Wright 3 Anoka 3
Stwle 1 Fillmore 1
Dodge 1 Douglas 2
; Goouime 2 St. Louis 1
I Nicollet 1 Carver. 1
Houston 2 Chisago 1
Washington 3 ■
Wabashaw 5 Total 106
The ages of the inmates when commit
ted are as follows: Eight years old, 2; nine
years, 4; ten yasrs, 4-; eleven years, 8;
twelve years, 10; thirteen years, 24; four
teen year?, 22; fifteen years, 19; sixteen
years 13. Total, 106.
Nationality of parents: American, 45;
Irish, 20; German, 14; French, 9; Norwe
gians. *'; Swedes. 0; Polanders, 3; Scotch,
2; Bohemian, 2; English, 1. Total, 106. .
The total value of real estate and per
sonal property of the school is $128,144.
The board asks for the following appro
priations:
Current expenses, 1883 §35,000 00
' urrent expenses, 1&84 35,000 06
To cover loss by tire, new engine,etc. 7,501 05
For repairs, improvement.-.two years. 4.000 00
To insure state property 2,0C0 00
Total $83,501 05
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