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A PHENOMENAL YEAR.
. ...-,.■ ... ' :',--■. ■-'■■- : - ":-\ *,.■-•■ . a IK, •Veep One of the Host Remarkable Meteorological Years in the Experience of tin Sig nal Service-Valuable Tables for Future Reference and Past Comparison. Weather review for 1831. Station, bt. rau:, Minn. LauU.le 41 degrees, 53 minutes;' lon gitude, west ot Washington 16 degrees, 4 min utes, and of Greenwich 93 degrees, 5 minutes. It is not amiss to call a year that shows the tallowing thermal condition ene of extreme. During 1883 turn was recorded here a maximum temperature of 103 degrees and a minimum of 31 below zero, making an absolute range f 165 degrees. There wero also had 157 days in which the minimum temperuvre fell below freering point (32) in tie shada, and fc3 days that at all hourp, both during Say and night, the tempera ture remained below freezing in the shade. Of the remaining elements, viz: weather, wind and pressure, reference to the tables will show for the weather element a total prtcipitati of 26.69 inches. The average for tho last thirteen years is 29.2 inches; consequently comparison Hhows 1883 definitely 2.61 inches, while for cloudiness and relative humidity they show but slight departure from the averages. For wind the prevailing direction is fousd to be from the south, and the total movement in miles also somewhat legs than the average value. Dan gerous "gales" were had during the month of April, and the maximum velocity for the year was 53 milee an hour from the southeast, which occurred on tho 13th, but without serious re sults. The annual mean barometer, corrected to "sea level," is about up to the average value. Among the optical and miseellaneous phe momena observed were: Solar halos, 8; lunar. — j ~~ ' ~, Wind directions No. K O ; Cf B I of times observed w j< j «■ L : t a w £ blowing from the — a 8 . 1883 Barometer correct- Temperature 11 5 £ determined from the % 5- | : 1K" I ed for sea level. cul*" 3 V"" : g~ g. 6:5< a _ m-) 1:5 6 m.,'«, g : 1 IS- * 9:58 p. m. observa-.® : •' I tlons. ' '".y::.~ _l| : : ■ "ir^Bi *• igrfiiff ?^si-is^araini-iSi? \ \ Month § ? I I f % f g|||&j : .::[•:?: : -: : : : 0 : I • • •IBjSp; ::•[::•••• • I • January . ... 30.148i30.597 29.419 1.129.512-31. 22 77.8 4751 ill »17l 7 14:15119 12 41 j 8E 12 February . .. 30.245'30.695 26.620 12.1 16.627 -26. 1 75.94620 6 0 614 6201213 8 38 8 :10 March . 30.074 30.602 29.341 24.4 52.0it7 -8. 7'65.2 4581 2 0 8, 7 915 27 13 28 N 18 April ,. . J». 904 34.105; 29.339 45.173.527 19. 1 59.4 7S88|16 1 111™ 13 410114 5 53 8E 13 May"" . ... 29.892 30.201 29.196 52.2 75.016 34. 12 '63.36753 17| 8 5 la i 8 17 14 37 S |18 June ......... 29.877 0.074 29.51? ; 65.191.528 46.5 101 172.0 4665 15 4 5 2 14 7 7,19 17 40 Sll July .. 29 911130.228, 20.522 70.2 100. 1 52.0 18 |«9.8 5606 81 4 4 7.16 15111810 40 NE 21 August . .. ' 29.997:3'.273, 29.427 66.5 88. 121 46.5 23, 69.9,5124 8 4 4 7 28 9 811 14 32 8 81 September 054130.427' 29.680 56.5 84. 1 30.5 30; ; 70.4 53 6 6' 3 320*1,10 5,21 3 28 8 10 October ... . 30.083 30.598,' 29.434 45.2 75. 8 25. 20 168.9 5019 5 2 226 17 5 1210 14 37 8E 17 November 016,30.713 29.474 32.8 60. 2 0.5 26 64.815095 2, 0 0 7 ; 24 6 12121 18 32;NW 13 December 80.119,30.548 29.378 | ....149.2 5 15. 19jl ....(....)..!.. ..!.. I..|..|.. .. .. 25 NW 13 Sums .... .'361420 4941 .... .. j |.. I 82581.... ..32 42;.. I..I....'.. ........ Annual means ..,' 30.1181 1 140.41 ■■■■'..' '.. l/«i8.8! 5205...L L [. I..'..'.■'.. ■•• '-■ ■■ •■ Prevailing diroction of wind northwest. _______ . .-.-, AVEltAGJS tXOUDl- - * SO , YEAH 1883. j NO. OF DAYS. NKBH, AMOUNT ! go» . COMPARATIVE ANNUAL MEANS. I OF 0-10. i g?»' j • ■ ' IB * Pf I • j ZC £ Rain or ? o. I? V «>| S jfj-gli 3 L,. | Mpan! Mean i Total month. gS? 2 malted H'* B S H & 8 : I~ 8 :^'° rel've|Cld'RK;Kaln n ipp mow. ■ *[• » " a\ P j! gg| \ ! P> hu'ty.iOtoiO mow January...." ■ 11112 8 1.2 4.4 *.2 4.2 4.". 0.04 11871 43.7 69.4 4.5 30.63 February i 10' 4, .6 8.9 4.5 4.1 4.2 0.44 1872 48.5 09.8 4.8 31.77 March . 1016 5 .4 6.1 52 2.7 4.7 0.06 11873 41.8 68.6 5.1 33.74 April 17,1310 1.1 6.7 6.8 4.5 5.7 4.92 1 1874 43.1 78.3 4.4 35.50 Mav -. 614111 1.4 6.8 6.U 4.1 5.8 12.12 1875 39.8 69.0 5,2 80.66 June 916 6 l.C 5.5 i'.2 3.3 5.0 7.04 1876 50.8 68.8 5.5 23.67 July 10116 !:. 1.0 50 6.3 3.1 4.8 4.38 1877 49.5 65.9 5.2 28.80 August 1014 7 .4 3.1 5.6 2.!. 4.5 1.22 18 8 48.8 68.5 4.9 22.78' September ..: •.... 131 9 8 1-0 5.0 5.3 8.91 4.7 2.23 1879 45.5 65.6 4.6 22.19 October....: ...'519171 1.0 7.1 73 f 5.6 6.7 1.10 18-0 44.1 68.9 4.8 29.71 November 16115 9 .5 5.0 6.5 5.1 5.5 1.01 .1881 '45.0 7S.4 4.8 SO 16 Decemoer. 1114 6 .12 4.3 16.1 3.3 1 4.6 1.59 1S8? 45.6 71. 5.3 23.14 Sums . .SSOG : l.H 64.9 7 >.6 46.8 60.8 '26.70 18&3 1*0.8 68.8 5.1 26.69 Annual mom- M? , 5.4J 5.9 3.9 5.1 'Sums. 1558 2 898.0 64.2 379.64 I "■'■■■-■•■» i 1 Ave.. 45.2 I 09.1 ! 5.0 29.2 FARGO FIRE Five More Buildings Wiped* Ont—I-oss Over $35.000-Now Block to be Erected —The Jaiue>towu, Dakota, Blaze—Other Fires. Tho devouring element seems to have a special purpose to free Fargo from the elder and inferior olasa of wooden busi ness buildings. Five of them were burned on Front street a few diys ago and this morning five more on Broadway. At 3 a. in. the fira alarm was sounded and flames discovered bursting from the two story frame building, corner of Bread way and First avenue, used es a saioon below and for sleeping purposes above. The fire department was promptly on the, ground and streprns of water pouring upon the flames, but there were five of these one and two story buildings adjoining before a brick wall was reached, and it' was seen that they muBt all ro, as the saloons and gun shop were especially inflammable. In most of the cases the inmates saved only the clothing they had on. Nothing was gotten out of the shops as the powder and some other articles were too dangerous to handle. The losses were, H. O'Neil, three build ings, a total loss, value $5,000, insurance $2,700. ' R. Boulger. two buildings, value $6,000, and damaged $4,500, insurance $2,000. Annis & Manning, saloon, value $4,700, a total loss, insurance $2,500. Sylvester Bros.' gun store, valued at $5,800; loss $5,700; insurance $4,700. A. R. Fuller & Co., hardware; value $4, 200; damage $4,000; insurance $2,500. R. Boulger, saloon, value $2,000; dam age $1,500; no insurance. , Lou Dun, household goods;$500; no in surance. Total value of property $28,200; damage $25,900; insurance $14,100. The insurance is divided among the fol lowing companies: Imperial $2,500; North American $1,000; St. Paul Fire and Marino $500; National $500; Milwaukee Mechanics $500; Springfield, $500; Traders of Cuioa go, $500; Manufacturers of Boston, $500; American Central, $500; Niagara, $400; Orient of Hartford,- $800; North British, $800; Continental, $800; Phoenix, of Lon don, $800; Washington Fire & Marine, $500; Fire Insurance Association, $800; New York Underwriters, $1,700; Phoenix, $500; Commercial Union, $500. The Grand will promptly be built up with a much better class of struotnres,a«d it is reported that a scheme is nearly Ma tured for the erection of a large hand some brick hotel, the finest in Dakota, for whi h the site is admirably adapted. The origin of the fire is not known, but is supposed to be from a stove baok oi me saloon. Prof. J. Irving Crabbe, the editor of tie daily Evening Call, left for St. Paul to night, and it is uadersto^d that the turbu lent life of one week ends the Call. JTimtow-n Blaze, Jamestoon, D. T., Dec. 31.—A fire origi nated in the Northwestern hotel, yester day, and burned that with the Datota ouse, McGinnis block and North Dakota bank buildings. The loss is $100,000 and insurance $60,000. " Other Fires. Sedalia, Mo., Dec. 31.— paint and upholstering shops of the Kansas & Texas Railroad company ,|burned early this morn ing . Several coaches and sleeping oars in the paint shop were also consumed. Loss, $100,000, insurance unknown Tbe fire waa the work of an incendiary. Bbookhaven Miss., Dec. 31.—The court house was destroyed by an incendiary last night. All the records were destroyed except some books and papers of the cir cuit court. Chicago, Ills., Dae. 31.— A fire this even ing in a building occupied by Gannon & McGratb. Vjniture, Mas;ee <fc Bolton, mol dings and frames, and . Frank Wenter, halo>, 7; auroras, 7; also 16 electee (1; turoauceB cV.sed as thunder storms. During the preva lence of ono of unusual severity in September 10 two men w ro F.truok by lightning asd killed instantly in the western portion of this city. No other instance causing loss of huaian life in this vicinity was heard of. , ... BIVEB. Tho Mississippi river at St. Paul was gorged with ice from January 1 to April 6, when the gorge ran oat and it remained open until Sep tember 14, whoa it was closed by ths forma tion of a gorge just below the city. Lis ran out on the 2ith of September, but on Hie '^th ft second one formed and still remains. The high est sage of water, 12 feet 6 inches, was ob s?rved April 22; lowest, 1 foet 6 inches on Sep tember i 6 and 80. 'AAA The following table shows the highest and lowest temperature observed at St. Paul irom 1872 to the present time: !H$&&&&t$$ Year. [ Highest. I Date, j Lowest. | i^ate. -,., ., * | —16: Jan. 31 1873.':::: «.6 rfci'm -w; ;; m 1871 99.9 "6 — 23 1* ife: 115.0 ' I " 15 -33 Feb. 'J 1876 93.0 ; "7.V8 -271 Dec. 9 1877 93.0 ! " 17 -24! Jan. 8 1878 96.0 " 16; ~13 Jan- 1 1879 92.0 Aug. 29 : -39, Dec. 25 1880 i 98.0 " 13 "27 " 23 1881 96.2 "It -25, i an 11 1882.... 85.0 "1*1 —18.5; Dec. I 1883 j 100.0 : Jalr II ~31 Jan 2i --Below zero. bracket work", caused a loss of $35,000; in surance $29,000. Akbon, 0., Dec. 31.—About five this evening firo c inght in the dust room of the iEtna flour mills owned by George W. McLein and James N. Baldwin. The workmen had to run for their lives the flames spread so fast, and the entire structure was consumed. The mill was recently enlarged to 300 barrels daily and rebuilt for the roller process. It was valued at $75,000; stock on hand, $7,500, and injured for $40,000, well distributed. R. W. Pattonman's cutlery store, Bos- j ton, was damaged $10,000 by fire last night. Osgood & Hart's foundry, Charleston, Maes., was burned. Loss $35,000. A serious fire is racing this morning at Covington, Ga. The court house is in flames. BRIEF TELKGRA3IS. The Iowa pool met yesterday, but trans acted no business. General McKenzie has bsen taken to Bloomington insane asylum. The "City of Paris" fancy goods store in Chicago is in difficulties. Caldwell, Ohio, has had all its saloon keepers go out of business. : Floods have stopped the movement of trains through Mississippi. The anniversary of the death of Gam betta was celebrated yesterday in Paris. . The Fourth pool miners rofo.se to go to work unless the umpire's rate is awarded. Two notorious characters were shot at Baltimore while attempting to rob a man. Archbishop Gibbons of Baltimore will preside at the council there November next. The postmaster general proposes to ex clude all paper from the mails advertising lotteries. The solicitor reported murdered by a lunatic in Paris ou Sanday, was only badly wounded. The Republican assembly canon* at Albany, N. Y., has nominated TitusSheard for speaker. Bill Kelly, one of the notorious gang of express robbers, has been captured near Columbus, Ohio. . The Germanic sails from Liverpool " on Wednesday for New York, to take the place of the overdue Celtic. The Prussian ministry have ordered the priests who were debarred from tboir offi ces, to bo paid their back salaries. At Middleburg, Vt, an incendiary fiie on Sunday destroyed the business part of the village. Loss $20,000; insurance $11,000. At Galveston, Texas, a German in a drunken frenzy, almost brained his wife with an axe, and then blew out his own brains. □The Elmer Wavner Boston Comedy com pany are stranded in Pittsburg, . Pa. A western advance agent has decamped with ! all the funds. ' A^AzAz: The cashier of a coda factory was as saulted on steppingoff the elevated railroad in New York by two -masked men, and | robbed of $2,200. :;"f 7 ■ '' \ J - Jooko, the well known orang ontang, died yesterday morning at Baltimore, of congestioifpf the lungs. He had .just ar rived from Chicago. J. H. Weatherby, sheriff of Madison county, Miss., died on Sunday of hydro phobia, caused by the bite of a rabid dog some two months ago. In the Indian territory the aw council has met. The • new chief . of the Creek council made a conciliatory speech, but said the laws must be maintained. The totnl.death rate in New York for j the past year was 33,082, a decrease of j 3,960 as compared with 1882. The births were 28,972, against 27,321, last year. Chas. A. Prentice, formerly bookkeept r j for Abraham Burlingame, iron defile-, i Worcester, Mass., was arrested in ' New | York for embezzlement. He confessed his : guilt.' J •At Cincinnati four roughs j were driven i from a house of ill-fame which they were ! attaoking. They ' then met fa watchmau, and after abusing him, shot him, probably, f fatally. When dowD, shot two of them seriously. THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, TUESDAY MOKN1TTO, JANUARY L 1384. SUPERSTITIONS Connected, with the Yule-Log, the Mistletoe and the Holly. The Xuclfi ot Christmas Candles- Bad Luck at a Christmas Eve - C»ui>2er---QcicnH of Good and. of 111. [Harper's Bazar.] From the remotest times of the burning of the Yule or Christmas log, it has had all kinds of superstitions connected with it. In some parts of Europe the log must be of a certain kind of wood, as in Devonshire it con sists of fagots of ash bound together, and an extra glass from the cider barrel is expected by the guest for every crack made by tho blazing fagots. One log is the general cus tom, but we have known a hod of coal se lected for that nurposo when wood was in accessible. A bit of the Christmas log must alw.ovs bj saved to light next year's Christ mas lire with, and be sure that the fire does not go out during the night, nor until Christ mas day at sundown. In many homes music is played during the ceremony of lighting the fire, but on no account m-^st it be lighted be fore the proper time, which is at sunset, Christmas Eve. The Yulo or Christmas candles should be lit soon after, but for good luck the light must bo taken from the Christmas fire. It is very bad . luck to snuff them, and they should be set on the highest shelf or table in the room. The oldest person present must extinguish them, but a bit of each must be saved to relight on New Year's eve, to see the old year out and the now year in. It is considered a very bad omen for any one to leave the table during supper on Christmas Eve until all are through, and see that there is an even number of guests, if you will make ; friends during tho year. Be sure and have a cheese and cake untouched in the house, and let no one tempt you to cut them before the proper time. Never refuse to take or give food and shelter at Christmas time. ' One of the earliest customs is the decorating of our homes and churches with evergreens at Christmas timo, for our forefathers be lieved that the decoration of hrivate dwell ings in recognition of the incarnation of the divinity would, by marking tho homes of . tho believers, preserve them from the intru sion and evil auspices of fiends. It is regarded as a very unlucky circum stance if any leaves or sprigs are dropped or remain behind on the removal of the church or home decorations, and all must be cleared away before Candlemas-day (February 2); and on no account Should the sacred mistle toe bough—the standing symbol of rough and-ready flirtation, without consciousness or necessity of harm —bo cast into the street or carelessly thrown aside; for love luck it must Le burned by the oldest unmarried member of tho family, male or female. If one wishes to revive an old Roman cus tom, let liim send a holly branch to bis friends as typical of good wishes, and it may have a double meaning by adding a sprig of mistletoe, the gleaming berries conveying' a message of hoj.-o, for if the holly carries. good wishes and foresight or forethought, tho mis tletoe is an assurance of "1 surmount diffi culties," and many a wife has been won by this little tokeA of assurance. It is very lucky for a child to ba bom on Christmas day, especially if tho day falls on a Sunday. And the girl who is a bride on the 25th of December is said to have nothing to fear. / ' \ ; r At no other time is a black cat— strange black catthought to be lucky'but at Christ mas. If one comes into tho house, it is a sure sign of money. » No person but the boys must presume to go out-of-doors on Christmas morning until the threshold has been consecrated by the incom ing footsteps of a man. "Dem folks what hab short talking [quar rels] on Christmas day or night won't bab no luck in friendship, love, or pocket," said an old colored mammy; and be sure you wish somo one a "Merry Christmas" before you put your shoes and stockings on; and for real good luck kiss the oldest person in the house first on Christmas , morning, < and the youngest on New Year's morning. The First Christmas in America. Tho chronicles of the Pilgrims, describing their arrival in Cape Cod bay, in December, 1020, refer thus briefly to the, first Christmas spent by them in America: "Monday, the :25th, being Christmas Day, we began to drink water aboard. But at night the master caused us to have some beer; and so on board we had divers times now aud then some beer, but on shore none at all." What was done in Plymouth village the next Christmas is more fully described in the quaint language of Gov. Bradford: "On ye day called Christmas-day, ye Govr called them out to worke (as was used), but ye most of this new company excused them selves and said it went against their con sciences to worke on ye day. So ye Govr told them that if they made it mater of con science, he would spare them till they were better informed. So he led away ye rest and left them, but when they came homo at noone from their worke, he found them in ye streete at play, openly; some pitching ye barr, and some at stoole-ball, and shuch like sports. So he went to them and took away their implements and told them that was against his conscience, that they should play and others worke. If they made ye keeping of it mater of devotion, let them kepe their houses, but ther should be no gaming or rev elling in ye streets." Be Elappy in the Present. [T. De Witt Talmage.] One more turn to the kaleidoscope, and you see your early struggles. You now realize" what were your early blessings ; your elabor ate and prolonged decision as to whether it should be a new hat or a new coat, for it could not be both at the same season; your effort to make $10 do the work of $20; the snubbing you got when you attempted higher position; the skillful buttoning up of the coat to hide patches;' your subordinate place to those who had not half your ability or morals; the endurance of those who swished about big with brief authority; at last your.' tri umph, your raised salary, your advanced po sition; your affiancing; your marriage; your two rooms that were a-plenty; the cradle miracle of dimpled beauty; the high chair at the table, pounding with spoon and rattle; toe hardships of fife widening into a com fortable livelihood, aud perhaps a competency ; the graves covered with chaplets of consola tion; the crosses with crowns hung on the top of them; the whole struggle and mystery of your life adjusted for your welfare here and hereafter. Enough! Put down the kaleido scope of reminiscence and take up the palm branch of thanksgiving! - s, '",-,-" Adoration of the Oxen. [New York Journal.] It was an old English superstition that on Christmas Eve the oxen were always to be found on their knees at midnight; that the : cocks crew; that the cabbage seeded, etc. ! The devotion of the oxen was derived from ! an old story that an ox and ass, which were I in the stable at the birth of Christ; fell on \ : their knees in a suppliant position, and that f ! a cock crew. * •■ ■ - . ."None but the Brave." ' [New York Sun.] The mistletoe has never been popular in New York, partly because it seldom arrives : in good condition, but chiefly on account of a subtle danger that lurks beneath its leaves. This peril j was ; well illustrated by Punch some years ago. ; r The caricature ! showed an officer of the. guards, handsome, young and languid, who had thoughtlessly strolled under a mistletoe bough, and found sitting there a lady of doubtful age and angular proportions, waiting for something. The inscription was: "England expects every man"to do his dutvl"" EVERY YEAR. • _ [Albert Pika] The spring has less of brightness, : ' Every year; The snow a ghostlier whiteness, Every year; Nor do summer flowers quicken, Nor autumn fruitage thicken, As they once did, for we sicken Every year. It is growing darker, colder, Every year, As the heart ana soul grow older, Every year; I care not now for dancing, Or for eyes with passion glancing, Love is less and less entrancing, Every year. Of the loves and sorrows blended, Every year: Of ties of friendship ended, Every year; Of the ties th it still might bind me, Until Time to D?ath resigned me, My infirmities remind me, Every year. Ob, how sail to look before me, ' Every year; "While the clouds grow darker o'er me, Every year; "When we see the blossoms faded, That to bloom we might have aided, .And immortal garlands braided, Every year. To the past go more dead faces, Every year; Come no new ones in their places, . Every year; . You can win no new affection, You have only recollection, • Deeper sorrow and dejection, Every year. Thank God! No clouds are shifting, Every year; O'er the land to which we're drifting, Every year; No losses there will grieve us, Nor loving faces leave us, Nor death of friends bereave us, Every year. TEE OLD MD NEW Are IIlcndedyTozetherin the Happy Festival of Humanity. Tho earliest observance of Christmas is in volved in obscurity, partly because some ob served the nativity in connection with the Epiphany, a feast which had already found a plaso in the sacred calendar, and partly be causa of the uncertainty as to the date of the birth of the Christ. Owing, it may be, to some tradition, the . Western church finally fixed that date as the 25th of December, and from the latter half of the fourth century this date has been kept. The manner of the observance of the Christ mas festival was derived from ancient pagan festivals, and comes to us dressed in Roman, Druidical and Teutonic ideas. The custom of giving presents is a contribution from the Roman Saturnalia; the u-;o of the mistletoe is the survival of an ancient custom of the Druids, who held it in especial reverence, and of the Teutons, with the significance of whose custom of kissing under the mistletoe all are familiar. f. ■":.' rzA.:. Tha use of holly is r. remnant from the religion of the Northmen, who hung it up 011 the occasion of their feasts to invite and protect sylvan spirits. Km "Yule" (Norse Jol, or wheel) log is tho symbol which these old Teutons used at their annual Yule festival, to signify the turning or wheeling of the sun at tho winter solstice, when the flays having begun to grow longer the return of warm weather was predicted, f f • •". Somo authorities deny that Christmas is wholly of European origin, but declare that the Christinas tivo is from Egypt, and its origin dates from a period long anterior to tho Christian era. The palm-tree is known to put forth a branch every month, and a spray of this tree, with twelve shoots on it, was used in Egypt at tho time of tho winter solstice as a symbol of the year completed. . Pictures in the Yule-IiOjr Fire. [Eastern Exchange.] "Oh, Beckie! see! in the fire! There's a regular Christmas tree; and there's lots of things on it. And seel v.There's old Santa Clans himself—" .,. "Oh, what a story! If Santa Claus was in the fire he'd get his gray whiskers burned, wouldn't he?" -' .„; ' •-.:,?,• "Oh, pshaw, Beckie! You ain't got no' magernation. I can sso him, and he is bringih' me a new pair of skatesno, it is another one of those mean little storybooks." "Oh, Bunn I let's have papa put out the fire Christmas, so Santa Claus can come down and not get himself all burned —" AA. 'i - ~ "You're just like all the rest o' little girls, sj'f raid somebody's goin' to get hurt, "and he turned his back towards her indignantly and sat for a long time gazing steadily into tho firelight and forming its flickering flame into the brightest pictures, and all with Chrismas for a foreground.' Pretty soon Beckie began to speak slowly. "Bunn, I b'lieve there be pictures in the fire. I see a little old woman ; I guess it's Santa Claus' wife, and she's got—oh, dear, I'm so sleepy— tea set, and—I wish mamma would come home big wax doll, every— time—it—lies down——shuts its eyes—and goes—right—to—slee— There she was, and there was Bunn opposite, both fast asleep, the ruddy glow from the grate lighting up their faces and bringing out their clear rounded contour as if by magic. Yes, there the two "chicks" were an. hour after when father and mother came in softly from their shopping tour. "Aren't they sweet said the mother, with a look for approval to the "other side of the house." "Pictures by the firelight." Better frame'em and put 'em to bed." "S0ERY FE POOR POLKS." "The Vagabond Who Was Bonnet to Make Somebody ttlad on "Chris inns." [Detroit Free Press.] Gazing into the show-windows of a Wood ward avenue store was an individual who was considerably "corned," and as he was at tempting to balance on his heels and take in tho show at the same time along came a woman a-ul child and halted beside him. Both were poorly dressed and evidently hard up, and the child's exclamations of delight soon at tracted the attention of the befuddled in dividual. '•".",;' ; " Sho you wan' one 'er 'em dolls in yer Chrismus stocking, eh?" he queried as he patted the child on the head. -' -' " Oh,, yes, sir, but we are poor," she re plied. .' 'h:2A;Z " Poor, eh? Too baz—too baz. Sho you want doll, eh?". " Yes, sir, but I can't; have one. Can I ma?'- ■'---: _■; a"r .:' .■ . ■ " No, indeed," answered the woman. "We have hard work to even get bread." - " Is thas so? Thas too baz— baz. Jus' hoi' on a lizzie while." ..'-'•. He began . feeling his pockets for money, but the search revealed only a piece of to bacco, a bottle with a little whisky in it and a pawn ticket for a watch. ;.; "Want 'er doll, eh?" Want it purzy bad?" ;-; " Yes, sir, but——" ., ' a "You nezzer mind 'bout that?. Poor, eh? Sorry f'r poor folks. -No: Chrismus presens, eh? f Sorry'bout that. Shay I" \ '. /."•; "Yes, sir." ■. "You waiz right here till I cum back." ; He at once pushed his way into the store, •was absent about five minutes, and then re turned, carrying a doll by the leg. Handing it over to the girl he said: _ V "Thas dolly f'r you. Sorry fr poor folks very sorry. Thas my Chrismus presens. Run now, hard as you can !" ." •' A The woman and child;: hurried away, and they were only well. out ■. of sight when the man was arrested and walked off for stealing the doll. He went willingly, calling back to the crowd: . . 2 "You; bez I'll make somebody glad on Chrismus! Sony fr poor folks—very sorry TIE! SMALL BOY Applies the Torture Test to a Trav ; eling Half-Blood Cherokee. i [Opie P. Read.] I shall not soon forget a stage coach ride ; from Fort Smith, Arkansas, to Uuskogee, Indian territory. I had thought that I would i l»e the only passenger; but when a woman end a boy, and subsequently a' half-Indian, entered, I very naturally revised my former impressions and decided"that I would havo company. Tee half Indian had been educated at an eastern school, and was a very intelli gent man. He was, I understood him to say, ; a member of the Cherokee council, and was \ returning home from a visit to Washington, i to attend a session of thai grave, if not potcr.t, | body of Indian legislators. Whan the boy learned that the man was an Indian he began to exhibit a restlessness which I soon discov ered would result in the red man's unnoy anc?. • ■ z'Ai'zA "Did yen ever kill anybody?" be asked. '•Tommy,' said the woman, •'dun bo rude." "I think not," replied the Cherokee. "Then what makes you be a Indian?'' "I am only a half Indian.". A "Which half." '•Thomas," exclaimed the woman, turning him around, unbuttoning his coat and but toning it again. Ho remained quiet for a few moments and then said: f'-.. "Maw?" "What, dear?" .; "A half Indian would only hair kill any body, wouldn't he," >Y.' '•If you don't hush I'll put you lit." "Then I'd have to walk, wouldn't I?"' "Yes." "An' the bears might get me, mightn't they?" "Yes, they would." "Would you care?" "Yes." • ■.;;>•• "Then what makes you wanter put me out. Do the Indians scalp folks?" again addressing the Cherokee councilor, who exhibited tho stoical ride of his Indian nature, but then yielding to the white and of course the politi cal half, replied: AAAL "The wild ones do." "But you are not wild, are you?" ' "No." "Why ain't you "My little man, I must say that you are asking too many questions," casting a re proachful glance at the woman. "If you don't hush I'll whip you. Do you hear me ?" taking his hat from the floor and patting it on his heal. - "Yessum." , . He remained quiet for a few moments, but dropping his hat on the floor, he reached down, took it op and said: "If you was a wild Indian you'd cut me with a knife when I stoop down, wouldn't you?" The Cherokee looked far out over the lands of his lathers but made no reply. "If I waster to hit you, you'd hurt me any how, wouldn't you?" "No," the red man replied. "Why wouldn't you?" "Another word out of you and 1*11 whip you. Never mind; I'll tell your father," said the woman. It was impossible for him to keep quiet, and after awhile lis asked: ., "Have you got any boys?' "Yes; two." . "Are they Indian boys?" "Their mother is a white woman." "As white as my maw?" f / "Juit another word out of you and I'll box you," said the woman, blushing. Ho had evi-1 dently tested his indulgent mother ou many j an occasion, for after the shortest possible i silence on his part, he asked: "Did you ever see any scalps?" . "Yes, I think so." "Did they have blood on 'em?" "No, they were dry," replied the Cherokee, plainly showing that his political readiness in answering questions bad risen above his In dian stoicism. - "Do they peel them like apples when they dry 'em?" " zAA'A^Az' "Hush your mouth." The Indian nature was endeavoring to assert itself. "If you ask another question I'll whip you, you little rascal," said the woman. "Are you going to hush?" "Yessum." He twisted himself around, scratched the coach door with a nail which he mysteriously j produced, and asked: "Would you rather be an Indian than a white man?" "Hold on," demanded the Cherokee, calling to the driver. "Let me ride outside." "It's goin' to rain, I think, colonel," the driver responded. "Makes no difference," and he got out and climbed on top of the coach. I then thought my time had come, but he was after better game; our rod man of the forest was his affin ity. He screwed himself around for awhile, and then leaning from the coach window, he called: "Say, does Indians scalp niggers?" "Whoa," said the Cherokee, 'let me get down." "Want to get i back inside?' the driver asked. '/.AlA "No, I'm going to walk. Drive on and if I don't overtake you, all right. ——d if I wouldn't rather be a witness in the United States court" When the Holiday Was Uatianeu. [Harper's Magazine.] In June, 1647, the parliament abolished the observance of saints' days and "tho three grand festivals" of Christmas, Easter, and Whitsuntide, "any law, statute, custom, con stitution, or canon to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding." The king protested. Bat he was answered. In London, nevertheless, there was an alarming disposition to observe Christmas. The mob attacked those who by opening their shops flouted the idea. In sev eral counties the disorder was threatening. But parliament took strong measures, and during the twelve years in which the great festivals were discountenanced there was no further tumult, and the observance of Christ mas as a general holiday ceased. In New Eng laud also the insidious advances of Satan were strenuously resisted. ... ....'. . At last the formal blow fell,' and Christ mas bad no longer a legal home -. either in Old or New England. In 1659 the general court of Massachusetts enacted that " any body who is found observing," by abstinence, from labor, feasting, or any other way, any such day as Christmas day, shall pay for every such' offense five shillings." And Peters, 'the'old historian of Connecticut, who did not love the Puritans, and who had a malicious wit, says that one of the blue laws of Connecticut forbade reading Common Prayer, keeping Christmas or saints' days, making minced pies, dancing, playing cards, or playing on any instrument of music, ex cept the drum, trumpet and Jew's harp. So Christinas, which the Plymouth Pilgrims had silently contemned, . old Christmas, the cheer ful personification in English tradition of charity and universal good feeling, of blame less gayety and religious joy, was outlawed in New England. - Confederate Christmas Coffee. - - . ;A. [Boston Globe.] ; . It ; may not be amiss to remember, while cheered by the superabundant bounty of tho Christmas of to-day, how different were the experiences of the half-starved Confederates who had to decide between "long sweetnin'" and "short sweetnin'." It was in East'. Ten nessee that two : of "Mr. Lougstreet's crittur company" sat at the table of an aged hostess. The coffee pot contained coffee made from persimmon seed. The hostess did the honors. At her right appeared '; a "plate which con tained a cake of maple sugar and a bowl of sorghum molasses.;. She poured but two cups of coffee, and turning to one of her .visitors politely inquired: ■ '.'Mister, will you take long did not know the difference, and ti::i« re plied: "Short sweetnin', if you please." Thereupon ; the ancient dame took up the maple sugar, bit off a piece, dropped it from her mouth into the coffee and passed it. With equal gravity and courtesy she addressed the same inquiry to the other Confederate. He knew what "short sweetnin'" mean-, and said, with a sweet smile: " Long sweetin', madam, if you please." She immediately stuck her long forefinger into the bo* of molass<>s, with that sweetened finger stirred his cup and then passed it. WUssaa'a tacts. [New York World.] Christine is always loved by the members of her troupe, and they have many good times together. Last Christmas, while thoy | were traveling in the west, sho mado up her mind to celebrate the day in the parlor-car iu spite of all obstacles, and even to have a Cliriitmas tree. Eecb of those with her waa given some toy denoting some peculiarity; j for instance; one received a doll-baby, while to another a jumping-jack was presented ; with all duo solemnity. When they had all i laugh . heartily over their odd gifts the mysterious trunk which held them was once more opened and the distributor handed to each something really pretty and which alto gether prevented their feeling disappointed. The Bachelors' Club liiuner. [Boston Globe.] What a Christmas dinner! Dead ash! The meat is tastehss, the wine possesses no bou quet, the surroundings, gorgeous though they be, are colorless, lhe "might have been" is at work, and tho wearied man's mind's eye is busy with scenes so bright, so joyous, as to fairly dazzle it. Oil, for the touch of a vanished hand! A CHRISTMAS CAROL. ACT I. These are the days That married men Have Christmas presents sent Unto their homes By their dear wives, On Christmas errands IwnU ;'.'; ..■;'.'..-'" ACT II. • The days roll by, And the Christmas morn He piles them on the shelf; , He waits a month, The bill comes in— He pays for them himself. act in. Known only to married men. Apple cider, 'simmon beer, Christinas comes but once a year. —[Old Virginia. Inter Ocean: It is claimed tnat f3iw,ir.im annually expended for Christmas cards ia this country. LOTS OF GOODNESS Left in tho Heart of the Human Animal When We Come to Look Carefully. . [Gertrude Garrison.] "There is more brotherly love and uplift ing of spirit in a good Cat turkey than in .-til the Christmas stories that ever were penned," said the gruff old gentleman with the fur collar. "Holiday literature is not to my taste. It is usually of forced growth. Written to fit the day, it has a flavor of uunaturalness. The here of the Christmas story is either translated on that day, or he has a streak of perfectly phenom oalluck. It's never so in real life. In fact, pleasure is more ovasive on Christ mas than at any other time, notwithstanding all tho extravagant sentiment sot afloat about the good-will business." To which the man with the red comforter replied: "But isn't it a good thing to have the stories come out right? It's pleasant to know that make-believe people find one d.v. in the year joyous. 'I fero are so many wet blankets flung aroani. on the other 384." "I would rather have my slice of good-will cut up and given to me every now and then than to have a li;; chunk of it on Christmas," continued the fur collar. "All this bluster isn't sincere. Plenty of . rple five presents because it's expected of tliouif not because they have a feeling of teiideiii^s towards their fellow mortals. Arid how is humanity benefited by a spurt of generosity?" "It isn't perfection, this world isn't," re- ! plied the red comforter musingly, "but there's lots of goodness in the human animal after all. Nobody but the habits cares for pres ents particularly, but it's a pretty custom to give them. We're likely to grow so despica bly selfish if there was no Christmas to re j mind us that we could mat.) somebody dee ; glad. And when you couio right down to solid facts, the dear, grotesque old myth, Santa Claus, has done more toward expanding the human heart and keeping it tender toward the children and the poor than all the sermons. What would we do without this good genius of Babyland who fills tho stockings while their owners are away in the " Beautiful Land of Nod?" The simple, unquestioning faith they have in him is worth more than the crowns of kings. There is no danger of the earth being made too goo.l by a gush of generosity. We still have all the old scourges and a few new ones. The Russian exiles still toil in agony in the Siberian mines. The gaunt wolf of famine still prowls through the streets of great cities and on lonely coun try roads. Tho forked tongue of the hydra headed devil of slander strikes here and there doing its blasting work. Tho north winds sting through the beggar's rags. The hot breath of diseaso still leaves its olden track of sorrow .in the houses of th? • rich and tho hovels of the poor. And the old, old marplot, Death, is as formidable as ever. Oh, no, there is no dan ger of the grim old world getting too good even for a day, but through the leaden sky there gleam such stars of promise that one can almost forget that Christmas trees ore sawed off at the base and have sticks for roots." He smiled and then sighed as he added in conclusion: "But there is some good wiL among us, some generosity, some unselfish ness, some almost perfect love, and some hope for the future of the race. We can't all have full Christmas trees any more than we can all have continual joy and riches and contentment. It isn't in the plan ; but it's something for a few to have pleasure. It has been said that if you make children happy while they are children you make them happy twenty years later by the memory of it. The rain of sorrow will fall upon them soon enough. Care and grief, old age and death are waiting for them down the road." How Lnther Kept Christmas Eve. [George William Curtis.] One of the most significant and character istic pictures of him represents him sitting on Christmas Eve at the family table, with his wife, the beautiful Catharine Bora, at his sibe, holding her infant, while the other children stand delighted around him. The old mother sits by the great German stove, and two of his friends are with him. Luther : himself holds his lute, and his hands are playing with the strings. But he, and his wife and mother, and all the children, and the guests, are looking happily upon the Christmas tree that stands upon the table, glittering with lights above the gifts which are' profusely heaped around it. And—what is this?—a huge tankard stands before Father Luther amidst fruit and broad. The blessing of domestic peace and joy rests upon the scene. Yet that is the sturdy aspect which all the devils, were they as many as tho tiles upon the roofs, could n it daunt nor dismay.. That is ' the steady . hand , which burned the bull of Rome, defying death here and hereafter, and which hurled the inkstand at the mocking fiend. O, stout heart, clear brain, 1 indomitable will, that lifted the world out of the deepening rut and sent it swiftly forward on a smoother way I ; •, - Cincinnati TFhlaky ■■»■■* dr,a>KAxr, Doc. 21.— WhiAy hUs^-y and •j£C!=.Vij;if"d at l-l* A TRIUMPH OF SKILL DivPricev m SPECIAL 9 a M Prepared from Select Fruits that yield the finest Flavors. Have been used for years, lie come The Standard Flavoring Extracts. None of Greater Strength. None of such Perfect Purity. Always certain to im part to Cakes, Puddings, Sauces, the natural Flavor of the Fruit. MANtJFACTUBJED BY . STEELE & PRICE, Chicago, HI., and St. Louis, Mo., ■aken of topalln T(«st Of m. Dr. Prlrc't Oram Dalts T.wirr, and Dr. IVK»'» Caique Ptrfaowa. . WE MAKE NO SECOND GRADE COOCS. THE GllEAT HJtALTB TONIC] ioff'siM Extract! Front of Bottle. Back of Bottle. Is the beet ! i' dth bev erage known and con 'uiiiu bat 4 Ml cent, of alcohol. Used very largely by oar best phy ciaas for Waning Mothers, Dyspeptics, CoTiTaleocente, Weekly (.'bldren. Demand the inline, which is pit up only in bo^Ur', w per eata, find boa re tin Lame of TARRANT & r ().. h'olo Agents foi tho United Sin and Hritish Frovbicos of North America, 27t" ftreenwich street, New York. • Price 4.0) perdoz.. YELLOWSTONE ... lMlUMi toll; LIVINGSTON, M. T. The Denver 'ot the Northweet —is the ti-rimtal point of three divisions of tho Northern Pacific llailroad. It ia locatud si tho rtM^roph.rV. cen tor of that line. It has hwi a most marvelous growth. PGi»ULATI0B ITS Dl"CKK2Kit, lfcHii.... 60 " " FEBBUABY, \Wi.... 1,000 " " MAY, 18S3... " " J«JNE. ... 1883... 2,460 •* " AUGUST, 1883 .3 000 Tbe Ercrch Wro to ths Yellowstone National, Park has \\& t*r:nir.el point hero, and all tho ha- . dense trf.v<-! to tl.at famous rosort is compelled., to stop hrrja flow a few hours' timo to u i.u..a'a>«r of day T'i" piincip&l shops of tho railroad sompei bi*> »oen Braicordana the Pacific Ocean are now ••>■'.• .i. built hero. They will givo em ployment, probably 1000 men. Pine limber is plenty hi the surrounding country, a/d vaxiouo sawmills in tho immediate vicinity of the town furnish work for hosts of employ «. The vall«y8 of tho Yellowstone, Shields anil Smith rivers are w hst na<l very rich hi agricultural resources, and a;" well settled. Their trade is entirely tribut >ry to Iiivingston, while magnificent cattle ranches abound in every direction; vast mines of true bi tuminous coal, Which can be coked for 1% ci/uta per ton; also rich iron mines are within two to four miles from town, a d are being worked. The gold placer mines of Emigrant Gulch, Boar Crevice, Mill Creek, and Eight-Mile Creek, are all in the Yellowstone Valloy just south of lAv in^ton, directly tributary to it. aiad are being, actively worked. That wonderfully rich quarta countrv, silver and gold, known as the Clark's Fork Eietrict, is south of tovn, and Livingston is the headquarters and outfitting point. Im mense deposits of limestone, sandstone, clay and fino brick clay, are but two miles distant, and the manufacture of lime is already an important in dustry, this being tho first point after leaving Dn lnth on the east, l,00".t miles, where lino rock is found. There are somo 200 buildings in conrro of construction. The Park Addition on which the new 17,000 school house is expected to be built is tho moet doHirable residence property in town, while the Palace Addition contains the cheapest busb^a property offered for sale—the tendency of business and business improvement*) heini.' laigely in that direction. There are two banks, the First National and a private bank; two newspapers, one daily and ore weekly. A smelt ing end redaction c- mpony is also in prw^ese of formation, to be located heie. There a e any chances for business enterprises of various kinds. Like all new countries, the o portuuities for profitable employment are very good and work man as well as men of capital will find plenty of chances in and around tho town. Livingston is lees than a year old, yet it is probably tho second largest city in Montana: It is not surprising when one considers that agriculture alone has made Fargo; tho Northern Pacific company's rail road shops, Brainerd; summer visitors, Saratoga; lumber, Eku Claire; silver and gold mines, Den ver; cattle Kansas City; iron and coal, Pittal ..,-; that a combination of all of these factors as is found here ehonld, within tho next five years make this point a city of at leest 60,000 people. The prediction may seem a wild one, bat we have yet to see or know anyone who, a few years ago, was accused of being wild then in their predic tion.", who predicted one-half of what has actual ly occurred in tho Northern Pacific country. "tt'o soli* lot in Fargo a few years ago for £110 aaeh that would sail to-day for $10 000; acres at James town for $15 per acre (cost 48 cents) that to-day sell for jl.500, and are built on. We have scree to-day in Fargo which cost 48X cents that are now in town lots selling at the rate of $1,250 pox acre. So lots at Livingston which we now ' ffor at from $25 to $250 will, inside of 8 years, sell at from $500 to $10,000 apiece. They have done to at all good pointo on road in the past, and they vill ir the —r»rticiilarly at an excep tionally good point like this.. We ad'ance prioe injury. C. LIVINGSTON & CO., 68 East Third street, St. FauL Q. 6. BEABDELEY, Fargo, Dakota. W. A. SMITH, General Agent Livingston, Montana. |teSS for Grading TiTirdSTGer" Oi ncB of tkb Board of Public Wobks, ) Cittof St. Pact., Minn., Dec. 81,11:88. \ The Board of Public Works in and for the corporation of the City of St. Paul, Miano-oca, will meet at thrir office in taid city at 'i p. m. on the 1th day of January, A. D. l&M, to make an i.ssestment of bon^iiti*, co* and expenses arising fr< m the g^.ditg of Third (8) ' street, from broadway to Kittson street, in said city on the property on the line of (aid grading and twv fit*d thereby j.mountirg in the aggregate to $8,409.15. All persons t'res'ed are hereby notified to bo present at said , ti» e and place i f making said assessment *»•»' wi'l Ik >>««>"' JOHN FARRINGTON, President. Official: B. L. Gorman, PP« Clerk Board of Public Works. 1-2