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Daily globe. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, January 03, 1884, Image 5

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0 William McHngh, on trial the
tlirc- time for the murder of his wife,
Inong'y. .:; a vuidict of guilty of murder
in the fust decree to-day. McHugh re
ceived tha result unmoved, but his mother
was co overwhelmed that she had to be
carried from the court room.
TRF.E FIGHT AMONG THK SLUG2BS.
Desvee, Co!., Jan. 2.—A free fight be
tween Sludger Slade, of the John L. Sulli
van combination aud local celebrities oc
curred in front of the Arcade Baloon this
forenoon. All hauds were drunfc. so no se
rious uiivnage was done. An officer iuter-'
fered, but wa-; soon done up. Others came
to the repeno and all hands were jailed.
During the malee, Champion Sullivan ran
into t!ie Auiericin hon-se and demanded a
revolver with whioh to diop some one.
Proprietor Smith refused, when Sullivan
attempted to take it by force. Bmith, how
ever, revolver in baud, ran him out of the
hou3e. If come of the slugger's fraterni
ty don't bite tho dust befoio leaving Colo
rado they will be in luck.
THE CBOUCH MUKDEB EEVIVED.
DiiTßoiT, Mich., Jan. 2.—The terrible
Crouch family murder, near Jackson some
weeks since, took an additional feature to
day, when Mrs. Dan Holoomb, the daugh
ter of the murdered man, was found dead
in bed, having probably committed sui
cide. She locked herself into a room af
ter dinner, undressed and went to bed. It
is believed she took lai. lauum, as an
empty bottle which had contained £that
drug was found in the room. Her hus
band was absent in Jaokson at the time,
"FUND W."
The juotion for a New Trial and Arrest
of Judgment in the ITitmiut l'"l*uiiߣ-
Mernam Wheat Broker Swindling Case
Denied—The Caae vie wed by Judge
ItloUgett.
[Special Telegram to the Globe. 1
Chicago. Jan. 2.—There was a large at
tendance at the United States district court
this morning. The attraction was Judge
Blodgett's decision in the "fusd TV" or
Fleming & Merriam ease—whether the
motion of counsel for a new trial and in
arrest of judgement was to be
anted or refused. A few minutes past
10 Judge Blodgett stepped into the coart
room, sat down in his raised desk, and be
gan to read his written decision, an elabo
rate document, which in print would fill
several columns. The principal points in
the decision were &3 follows: The motion
for a new trial had been baaed, he said, by
U,e defer a nominally on two grounds,
viz: That 648, under which conviction was
had, was unconstitutional, and that the in
dictment was faulty. The postmaster gen
eral, as an executive clliaer, had no right
to any judicial powers, and congress had no
constitutional right to give him any. The
faulty construction of the indictment con
sisted in there being four different offenses
in it, while only three were allowed by law
to be joined together in one indictment.
Such ran the gist of the defenses' argu
ment. Ths judge said, as to Ihs point of j
unconstitutionally, then, this had been
fully settled in the ease exparto Jackson,
98 United States. It had been shown' on
that occasion that the powers vested in
congress authorized that body not out/ to
the laying out of mail routes but
also to delegate and increase,
police supervision over them. The
right to say what should be carried in the
mails necessarily included. In excluding
objects from the mail the aim of the law
was not to in any way infringe on the lib
erty of the press but to preserve public
morals. CoDgress clearly possessed the
right to determine what should not bo oar
ried through the public mail.
As to the second ground, that of the in
sufficiency and faultiness of the indictment,
the matter was somewhat complicated, the
judge continued. The statutes provided
that the mails must not be used for
purposes of fraud nor for any aitifice to
that end, and adequate punishment was at
tached to this provision. The first count
of the indictment now, charged the de
fendants with using the mails in contra
vention of the above statute in converting
money to their own purposes, after obtain
ing it by mail for purposes otherwise
given. The other counts charged substan
tially this same offense, with some slight
modifications, save that in the second
count the defendants were accused of ob
taining letters from the mail and using th«
money they contained for fraudu
lent purposes. It had been clearly
proven during tha trial that the scheme by
which the defendants had obtained theta
moneys by mail was of a fraudulent un*
ture, in that they got people to «ena
money for their own use. After defining
the nature and use of an indictment the
judge held that the indictment in this case
had been reasonably explicit, and that if
defective in this respect in the opinion of
defendants it had been optional with them
to apply for a more detailed particular^
zation. Regarding the charge that the in
dictment had not specified bow the money
had been converted to defendant's use.
It was not expected nor necessary to prove
this, as it would involve such j elaborate
preparation on the part of the prosecution
as to make it almost certain that a trial
would end in a failure of justice. If the
purposes ot the scheme were proven to be
fraudulent that was quite enough. •
As to the argument that only three
charges could be legally included in one
indictment, whereas specific ones had been
joined together in this indictment it was
only necessary to say that the
different courts charged virtually
the same offense, and not four different
ones. "I am therefore, oontent to abide by
the rulings of this court, and by the verdict
of the jury in the late trial," said Judge
Blodgett, aud continued, "I am well aware
that there are oases on the books which
might be oonstmed as militating against
my dipc'ston, but the dicisions in them
were all given on much more artificial
grounds than appear generally in crim
inal cases," The judge cited pome descis
ions of Justice Gray and
Judge Harlan in support
of his view, and summing up said that aa
to the argument of his admitting improp
er testimony to go before the jury he
could not fiod any such substantial errors
as seemed to justify him in reversing the
verdict. The very nature of the cn*e had
been such as to call for as wide a tango of
testimony as possible. "It has been in
timated to me," continued the Judge,
"that the defense wish to enter a writ of
error, and to accommodate them I shall
give them ten days time within which to
file a bill of exceptions."
"We may ba ready before that time,"
said Mr. Gondy.
"Well, I'll pronounce sentence on 'Mon
day after next," rejoined Judge Blodgett,
as I don't like to do it on Saturday."
Then everybody fil*d out of court.
Mr. Storrs' told the reporter that he
would base his appeal to the ciroait court
on substantially the same grounds as had
been mentioned by him on his argument
for a new trial before Judge BlodgeU, viz:
Faulty rulings of the court, defective ! no
tioa of the indictment and unoonstituiion
.ality of the law under whioh the pr osecu
tion was had. \ic :^> "::-t
Fobt SaiiTH, Ark., Jan. 2.— J. B. Har
wood & Co dealers in general merchan
dise at L vaco, this county, made an 88
--signment yesterday with liabilities -at
$12,000. Nominal assets $2,000, They
took mortgages on cotton crops and these
mortgages cauesd the failure. ,k--j:
Oaemi 111 Jfin. —Seven business
buildings on Main street barned last
n'ght. Loss not stated.
A MILL IX A PARLOR.
Two Baltimore "Gentlemen" Indulge In a
,S,ugti»sr Match in the Elrgant l'arlor of
a Fashionable Mansion.
[Special reie^nui. to ths Glob™.]
Bai/timobe., Jan. 2.—The New Year was
celebrated in a noval fashion at a Chester
; street mansion by a freindly set-to be
tween two prominent city gentlemen, the
particulars of which only leaked out to
night, great care having been taken to
keep the matter secret. Both participants
have hosts of admirers, and much money
changed hands. The privileged few were
given the "tip" to be at a certain residence
not far from Mount Vernon place, and
in an elegantly furnished
back parlor "the ring" was pitched.
After doffing their dre3s suits and arrang
ing necessary preliminaries, it was agreed
to box four three minute rounds, Marquis
of Queensbury rales.
Round one both gentlemen sparred for
an opening, when Mr. We: who acted on
the offensive throughout, caught Mr. Hin
ton napping, and landed heavily on his
nose, Bending him to grai- and drawing
claret, and also in the full upsetting a
marble statue of considerable value. Two ;
knock downs and first blood were claimed j
and allowed for Mr. W. The three min
utes elapsed in the popping of corks.
Time was called for round two. Mr. H.
wan wary, not having fally recovered his
nerve, bat proved himself a good 'en. He
followed about tho carpeted enolosure,
raiaing blow after blow upon his oppo
nent's body and face, and receiving bnt
two or three feeble counters. Mr. W.s
reach fell short in this round, and he
failed to take advantage of several valu
able offerings. Time was oalled withH.
a strong favorite in the betting.
Eonnd Three—Mr. W. had b«en as
much sarpused at the result of the lest
round as he was elated at the first, but,
feeling he was the better man of the two,
resolved to again force tbe fighting. He
led lightly with his Uft, following it with
a heavy right haoder, whioh was neatly
stopped, and in retnrn reoieved a body
blow that for a moment staggered him.
The flash of anger came to his caeek, and
the spectators one and all begged him to
remember it was bat a friendly matter,
but persuasion seemed of no
avail, and rushing on his opponent
he indulged in slagging nntil
short arm work ensued, when the
clinch came, and Mr. H., being tha better
wrestler, threw Mr. W., and fell heavily
npon him. The ronnd ended with the
combatants pretty well winded.
Konne 1 four and last—At the interces
sion of mtttoal friends Mr. W. was indacod
to apologize, and in shaking hands both
Btniled fi ;bly, bat one could see it was tho
smile of determination. Both sparred
for an opening, when Mr. H. caught Mr.
W. on the nose, drawing tne red for the
first time from him, and received in
return a light tap on the
forhoad. Mr. H. closed on Mr. W., rely
ing upon catting his head in the "arm
lock," but a break was ordered and strange
to say obeyed.
Hard fighting and heavy exchanges
now ensued, when Mr. H., by an under cut
blow, caught W. nndor the chin, felliog him
heavily to the floor where he remained two
or three minutes. Time having been called
and W. failing to respond, Mr. H. was de
clared the winner. By use of the
usual restoratives W. was soon
himself again end "acknowledged
the corn," although expressing his
readiness to meet his opponent at any
f otare day convenient. It was the general
belief that W. was the better ma* of the
two. After donning the dress edit and
powdering the damaged spots, an ad
journment was taken to a leading hotel,
where wines flowed abundantly, and where
all hard feelings were drowned.
ALL ABOUND THE CLOSE,
At Jacksonville, Oregon, a fire yesterday
destroyed property worth $60,000; insur
ance $17,000.
At Buffalo there has been a severe snow
storm all day, with the wind from forty
five to fifty-five miles an hour.
The Cleveland & Piltsburh railroad
has re-elected all its old directors, and
paid out in dividends $800,000.
There was a severe drifting and driving
snowstorm last night throughout Wiscon
sin, Michigan, Indiana and Illinois.
QThe Bartholdi Pedestal fund art loan ex
hibition at New York, for the past month
has netted, over all expenses. $12,000.
The examination of tha Yazoo Cityiriot
ers shows that the attack on P«sey was i
one of revenge, dating a year back.
It is expected that G«n. Grant will visit
Havana during January as the guest of
Gen. Badeau, United States consul general
to Cuba.
The concession that Gen. Grant got \
from Mexico for a submarine cable, has
been forfeited, not having been com
menced as agreed.
W. H. Sotbam, the first importer of
Hereford cattle into Illinois, died yesterday
at the residence of A. V. Bonus, Chicago,
aged 83 years.
In New York ou yesterday, Craig, an
artist, was arrested for firing a pistol at
Thompson, a brother artist, during a
quarrel.
The ship Adam M. Simpson, from Il«ro
for Boston, with sugar, is !o?t. The cargo
was valued at $200,000, aud insured. The
crew were saved.
In Paris, President Grevy held the ous
tomary New Year's reception at the Ely
see, on yesterday. All foreign representa
tives were present.
The New York State engineer says, in
reference to the canals as being econom
ical aed speedy, they are a thing of the
past and must go.
Mrs. Christian, who it is alleged poisoned
seven men in Texas, has been released, no
poison being found in the stomach of
Brnmmer, the painter.
A revolutionary movement is likely to
ocour in France from the Spanish frontier.
The Spanish authorities have notified the
French to use all precautions.
Leon Cronson, salesman of Goldsmith it
Kuhn, New York, who disappeared with
$25,000 worth of jewels belonging to the
firm is believed to have gone to San Fran
cisco.
The manager of the French opera troupe
at New Orlea»t shows assets of $i,ito,
and liabilities of $72,000. The poor mem
bers of the troupe have not inuok pros
pects of pay.
Aa autopsy of the brain of Brown, the
Harvard student, who committed saieida,
■h«wed the organ to be so diseased that he
was unable to control his action?.
At Sprimgfield, Mass, the Thorndyke
company'e new mill burned jesterd&y.
WlUen, the agent, fell dead of heart disease
while fighting flic on the roof. L 033
$50,000;inswred.
Pisre* S. Marx, «f New York, has begun
sait for $50,090 against the Manhattan
Railroad company for tha loss of his eye
from a cinder getting into ie from one of
their engines.
The negroes who were implicated in the
Yazoo City fracas were np yesterday for
examination, and pleaded not guilty. A
few were discharged but the greater num
ber held for further examination.
In the police embroglio in St. Lonis, the
ex-chief has had a writ issued against the
poliea board, and they in return hare had
two warrants issued against him, one for
keeping possession of the private office at
police headquarters, and the other for not'
TEE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE. THURSDAY MOHXIXfJ. JA \TA''Y :\ 1384.
reporting for duty a3 a patrol man to
which he was appointed.
■ At'Longview, Texas, a fire yesterday de
stroyed property to the value of $13,000;
insured $9,000.
The New York, West Shore ; and Buffalo
company has contrabts for 1,000 standard
box car 3, to cost half a million of dollar?.
Rev. Francis Hawley, of Hartford,
Conn., father of Senator Hawley, died yes
terday, aged eighty-one years.
At 1 o'clock this morning a fire ifl raging
at tha Republic oil works, Cleveland, O.
This 1033 "will noi bs ascertained to-night. .
From Cairo it is learned that Khartoum
is in a very oritic^l position, and the
rebels are said to be drawing, around the
place. -iV-^i
At Quebec and Montreal a enow storm
set in on Monday, and is increasing in
violence to the present time. The rail
ways are all blockaded.
Joseph Longwortb, of Cincinnati, left
Mb property to his son and daughter, also
a bequest to his sister. He left certain
proniH rent for the art museum.
At New York, the elevator of Smith
Bros, brewery fell yesterday, seriously in
juring five persons, two of them being the
proprietors, two were visitors, and one was
an employe.
5. ord Darby, colonial secretary, has of
fered the New iVundland government mili
tary and naval aid tojprevent a recurrence
of ths rioting. The dispatches received
contain alarming accounts.
at St. Louia, Jndge Lnbke has decided
that the St. Louis Tannel Railroad com
pany pay James Andrew $ 119,228 for the
tunnel he built for them from tke bridge
to the onion depot tea years ago.
Three men have been arresttd in Chica
go for ghonlism, and the detectives har*
have been on their track for some tine.
Not many graveyards in the neighbor
hood of Chicago but have been desecrated
by them.
Three of the Southern Pacific railroad
train robbers and murderers are caught at
Silver City. The first caught, a negro,
confessed, and the others were thea caught
One is still at liberty, bat it is expected he
will be taken eooc.
Jas. Williams, alias O'Brien, confined in
county jail at Ottuznwa, lowa, escaped
yesterday forenoon, by shooting tha turn
key. How he got the pistol is a mystery.
Williams is a well-know* desperado, and
evtry effort is being made to recapture
him.
The legislature of Maryland has organ
ized at Annapolis. . In the senate it was
voted not to allow Hudgson, from Somer
set county to take the oath, because he
was a minister of the gospel, and he is
therefore ineligible to take his seat. The
matter has been referred to a committee.
Portugal is kicking because of the presi
dent saying in his address that it might
1 become necessary for the United States to
i co-operate with the other powers for the
safeguard of their rights of trade on the
Congo: Portugal thinks that if she had a
lleet like England such an insult would
not bo offered her. - •<•
A man named Landell, who arrived in
LeriDjttoD, Ky., with his brother aged
twelve a few days ago, has died of hunger
and oxposuro. When he came he ha! o:ly
i $1.00 which he paid for the keep of us
] brother at the boarding house, refusing to
! eat himself. He obtained work as abr fee
man, and was out 3G hoars in the la to h- rm
which was too much for him.
A fire yesterday at Louisville, Ky., very
nearly proved fatal. A ; party named
Deens and his family had their rooms on
the second floor, and when they were
awakened by the barking of a dog that had
been shut in the house all means of escape
save by tho windows were cut off. The
rooms were full of crnoke, and they
reaor-.ed the windows with difficulty, when
the firemen saved them. They saved
nothing but their night clothes.
HABITS Crt 1 THE MOs^UITO.
A. Talk With a Man 1T1i» Ran Spent Twenty
-; ! Years with Them. },-s.
[Cincinnati Enquirer.]
"I have devoted twenty year 3to a study
of the habits of mosquitoes, and a curious
lot of creatures they are." He was a
a withered up, yellow faced, parchment
skinned little man, with bright little eyes
peering out of big ugly glasses that had
boon worn so long as to make deep fur
rows in his nose. Bat a bright chirrupy
little fellow, withal. He had ob a musty
black suit and a big collar. He was in the
rear room of the second floor of 110 east
Market street. A strange little den of a
room it was. The walls were hung with
all kinds of inseote; the tables, chaira and
bureau were all covered with them. Glassy
eyed beetles glared from between golden
winged butterflies, and odd looking little
round bugs were wedged into all sorts of
on of the way places.
"I am writing a book on mosquitoes,"
continued he, after the excitement had
die i cut of his face. ''I am going to call
it "Twenty Years Among Mosquitoes" by
William P. Drieff«ld, and I will tell these
scientific fellows a thing or two. I have
what I call a hatchery over there in the
corner, sued I make all sorts of experi
ments with them. Yom see it looks like a
tube and has a little water in the bottom.
Now if you look closely you will see that
large mosquito in the corner there, separ
ated a little from that covey of sabothes
there; no, not that one with the red belt,
the one next to him. That is a female,
and a liner specimen never lived. She is
three years old, and at the least calcula
tion has had 100,000 children.
"I never let the air of this room fall be
low Bdvaniy degree*, Fahrenheit, and I
find that with this temperature the aver
age life of a haalthy mosquito is five
years, nine months and fifteen d^ys. I
have one old mala who is ten yt-ara oid.
His proboocia is nsoles —para-jz<s.;, I
think —and his eyes have long m .09 be
came useless to him. His juatenxstß nave
dropped *ff, and cf the six sharp bristles
withia his suoki-jg proboscia,which t?e had
when I caught him, not one remains. Ho
couldn't even bite a child," continued the
old mas, mournfully looking over toward
where the gray veteran eat on the edge of
a tub.
"But I was going to oall your attention
to Aapasia. Your eyes are young and
probably you oan s«e how her legs are
crossed in the f»tm of aa X. Yeu doubt
lass see some tiny objects attached to this
cross and wedged together, almost com
pletely covering the interspace between
her legs. If you bad "a microscope those
objeota would appear as little jags with
handles. They are eggs. Wh*n Aspasia
has laid 350 of them her legs will unorcss
tii the eggs will float away like a raft.
Thesa egge produce thoee wigglers yoa see
over in that corner and they in turn
o&acge to tka tsmblers yom find below
! ycur hand there. I h»xe little glass &tHpu
as you see, to divide them. I could tell
you much of the transformations from one
stage of being to another, mere beautiful
aad strange under the microscope than all
the pageantry of a, toarnament daring the
crusades. I could tell of how their skins
change four times, cf that marvelous
mechanism that an all wise oreator has
arranged more perfect than the most
finished work of man, of tiieir queer man
ner of breathing thtit causes them to
tumbla, of the glorous resurrection when
the transparent covering of the pupa
breaks and the perfect moiqsito with
wings and legs and all its wonderful
anatomy steps forth to conquer and to
die." 1
BILL-NYE.EESIGIia
His Sorrowful Parting fre in the
• President.
As en Official, of the Government
1 lie Xow Retires from Jllia
Tempestuous Term
of Office.
[Detroit Freo Press.!
The following is tho : only exact copy of
Bill Rye's oQcial letter in which he resigned
thepostoEiee at Lararaie City, Wyoming:
Postofficz Divan, Laeajiiz: City, )
I ". WTOSOIi 5, Oct.' 1,1883. ,)
To the President of the United States:
i Sin:—l be^ leave at this time to officially
tender my resignation as postmaster at this
place and in due form to deliver the great
seal and the key of the front door of tho
office. The safe combination is set on the
numbers 33, 00, and 99, though I do not re
member at this moment which conies first, or
how many times you revolve the knob, or
which direction you should turn it at first in
order to make it operate.
There is some mining stock in my private
drawer in the safe which I have not yet re
moved. This stock you may have if you de
sire it. It is a luxury, but yon may have it.
I have- decided to keep a horse instead of this
mining stock. Th 9 horse may not bo so pretty,
but it will cost less to keep him.
You will find the postal cards that have net
been used under the distributing table, and
the coal down in ■ the ■ cellar. If the stove
draws too bard close the damper in the pipe
and shut the general delivery window.
v Looking over my stormy and eventful ad
ministration as postmaster here, I find
abundant cause for thanksgiving.' At tho
time I entered upon the duties of my office
the department was not yet on a paying
basis! It was not even self-sustaining. Since
that time, with the active co-operation of tho
chief executive and the heads of departments,
I havj been able to make our postal system a
paying one, and on top of that I am now able
to reduce the tariff on averaged-sized letters
from 3 cents to 2 cents. I might add that
this is rather too too, but I will not say any
thing that might sawn undignified in an ofli
cial resignation which is to become a matter
■ of, history.
Through ail the vicissitudes of a tempest
uous term of office I have safely passed. I
am able to turn over the office to-day in a
highly improved condition, a and to present a
purified and renovated institution to my suc
cessor.
Acting under the advice of General Hatton
a year ago, I removed the feather bed with
which my predecessor, Deacon Hayford, had
bolstered. up his administration by stuffing
the window, and substitute! glass. Finding
nothing in tho book of instructions to post
masters which made the feather bed a part of
my official duties, I filed it away in an
obscure place and burned it in effigy, also,
in the gloaming. This act maddened my pre
decessor to such a degree that he then and
thero became a candidate for justice of the
peaco on tiis Democratic ticket. The Demo
cratic party was able, however, with what
aid it secured from the Republicans, to plow
the old man under to a great degree.
It was not long after I had taken my official
oath before an era of unexampled prosperity
opened for the American people. Tho price
of beef rose to a remarkable altitude, and
other vegetables commanded a good figure
and ready market. "We then began to make
active preparations for the introduc
tion of the strawberry roan 2-cent stamps
and blac&and-tan postal note. • One reform
has crowded upon the heels of another until
the country is to-day upon tha foam-crested
wave of a permanent prosperity.
Mr. President, I . cannot clos3 this letter
without thanking yourself and tho heads of
departments at Washington for your active,
cheery and prompt co-operation in these mat
ters. You can do as-you see fit, of course,
about incorporating this "idea into your
Thanksgiving proclamation,' but rest assured
it would not be ill-timed or inopportune. It
is not alone a credit to myself. v It reflects
credit upon the administration also.
I need not say that I herewith transmit my
resignation with great sorrow and regret. We
have toiled on together month after month,
asking for no reward except the innate con
sciousness of rectitude and the salary as fired
by law. Now we are to separate. Here the
roads seem to fork, as it were, and you and I
and the cabinet must leave each other at this
point.
You will find the key under the door-mat,
and you had better turn the cat out at night
when you close tho ofiice. If she does not
go readily, you can make it clearer to her
mind by throwing the canceling stamp at
her.
If Deacon Hayford does not pay up his
box rent you might as we'll put his mail in
the general delivery, and when Bob Head
gets drunk, and insists on a letter from one
of his wives every day in the week, you can
salute him through the box delivery with an
old Queen Anne tomahawk which you will
find near the Etruscan water pail. This will
not in any manner surprise either of these
parties.
Tears are unavailing. I once more become
a private citizen, clothed only with the right
to read such postal cards as may be addressed
to ma personally, and to curse the ineffi
ciency of the postofSee department. I may
be in error as to the attributes of the Ameri
can citizen, but I believe the above to be the
most prominent. I believe the voting class to
be divided into two parties, viz., those who
are in the postal service and those who are
mad because they cannot receive a registered
letter every fifteen minutes of each day,
including Sunday.
Mr. President, as an official of this govern
ment I now retire. My term of office would
not expire until 1886. I must therefore beg
pardon for my eccentricity in resigning. It
will be best, perhaps, to keep the heart-break
ing news from the ears of European powers
until the dangers of a financial panic are
fully past. Then hurl it broadcast with a
sickening thud.
Very repectfully yours,
Bill Nte.
Wholesome Influence ot Good Cook
", ■'■■■ "'■ ' . ■■■_• . ■.. ■ ; ins. .-' ,
i--f'?V'fCorres. Popular Science Monthly.]....
•. Somo people may be inclined to smile at
what I am about to say, viz., that such
savory dishes, serving to vary the monotony
i of the poor hard-working man's ordinary
fare afford considerable moral as well as
; physical advantage.• ■■■-' -;-.',
An instructive experience of >my own will
illustrate this. When . wandering, alone
through Norway in: 1856, I lost the track in
crossing the Kyolen f jeld, struggling on for
| twenty-three hours without food or rest, and
! arrived in sorry plight at Lorn, a very wild'
: region. - After a few hours' rest I pushed on
to a still wider region and still rougher
quarters, ' and continued . thus to the great
I Jostedal table-land, an unbroken glacier of
500 ■ square miles; then descended the Jos-;
! tedal itself to its opening on the Sogne fjord :
! —five days of extreme 'hardship, with nc
! other food than flatbrod (very course oat- ;
; cake), and bilberries gathered on the way,
varied on one! occasion. with the luxury of
j two raw turnips. ■ ■ Then I reached a compar-
I atively luxurious station (Ronnei), where
ham and eggs and claret were obtainable,
i The ' first glass of claret produced an effect
1 that alarmed me—a ' craving, for more and
for stronger drink, that was. almost irresist-'
ible. I finished a : bottle of \ St. Julien, and
nothing but a violent effort of will prevented
me from then ordering brandy. .
I attribute this to the exhaustion conse
f quent upon the excessive work and - insuffi
! cient unsavory food of the previous five
days; have made many susoquent.observa-'
tions on the victims of alcohol, and have do
! doubt that overwork and scanty, tasteless;
!,food are the primary source .of the craving
ror strong drink tlict so tar^elj" prevails with
such deplorable results among the clas--s that
i? th."> most exposed to such privation. I do
not .v that tfii •is the only : source of suL-h
depraved apixrtile. It may also be engen
dered by theoprvite extreme of excessive
luxurious paniieriiig to general sensuality.
The practical inference suggested .■. by this
experience and these observations is, that
speech-making/ pledg ing, and blue
ribbon missions can only effect. temporary
results, unless supplemented by satisfying
the natural appetite of hungry people by sup
plies of food thaii is not only nutritious, but
savory and varied. Suc'a need be no more
expensive than thai which is commonly
eaten by the poorest of Englishmen, but it !
must be far better cooked
POSTUGAL TO-DAY.
Primitive Forms of Labor—Tnols In- j
herited From a I»v-<«one Ase.
[Cor. San Francisco Caronicle.]
Until about the period of the land reform?
oflSo2, when emphythtusis was converted
from a tenure with payments by services or
in kind to one with money payments, the har
row and hoe were almost unknown. Thresh
ing was usually performed by tramping the
grain under the feet of horses and cattle. The
plow is made wholly of wood and consists of !
beam, body, share, a single handle, looking as ;
. though the whole thing had been rudely
shaped oat of a forked tree. There is neither
coulter nor mold-board; but the share
(wooden) is carried forward lance-shaped and
turned slightly forward. The work of the
mold-board is done by two upright pegs at
the heel of the plow, these pegs pressing out
the soil on either side. This heavy and cum
brous implement is drawn by bullocks, in
some cases |by mules, and I have even heard
of woiuen being harnessed to it, as is com
monly to be seen in : Russia - and not infre
quently in Germany. :.\, ..; ;..-..
The mowing or reaping hook is in shape a
short segment of a circle, of ..which the arc is
about a foot in length. The edge is serrated;
liko I that ■of a tile and very sharp, and th«
hook can be used to cut grass not more than
five inches high, the tuft of grass being taken
in one hand and the edge of the hook drawn
with tho other against the steins. The cart ia
of the East Indian or Egyptian type. Two
wheels of solid wood, without spokes, but
with iron tires, sometimes with nails driven
into the periphery, are fixed immovably to
an axle, which revolves with them, making a
prolonged squeak, resembling that of a steam
whistle. The boJy of the cart is composed of
four or five boar '3 laid flat and resting on a
frame, underneath which are two blocks of
wood, groove! to receive the axle. . ; The mid
die board Ls prolongjd forward Into a strong
pole, to which tha yok > is attached and to
which the oxen are fastened with ropes
around their horns. Indian corn is shelled by
beating it with a long stick on a hard surface.
It is ground to meal in a wooden block, hay
ing a semi-spherical hole in the centre and
provided with a wooden club by way of
a pestle
All grain is threshed by hand. Rough food
for cattle is cut by nailing an iron hoop to un
upright post and with the hand drawing the
hay over tho edge. A few French and
English plows have found their way into tho
country of late years, but the peasantry are
generally too poor to buy them. Tho winds
aro inconstant and but few windmills are
employed, these few being of. the most ancient
type, similar to those which Don Quixote is
pictured to have ridden against. In tho ab
sence of forests to hold back the snow and
water the streams aro subject to tremendous
freshets and water powers are not used for
mechanical purposes. There is no wood for
steam fuel and but little native coal. English
coal is used at Lisbon and Oporto, but, owing
to the lack of roads, none is conveyod to the
interior. There aro some old Roman coa.
mines near Oporto and Coimbra, but they
are waterlogged, and no efforts have beeu
made to pump them dry.
Kate Field's &reat Mission.
[Chicago News.]
Mis 3 Kate Field is still traveling in Utah,
but she is doing no writing for the papers, al
though several eastern journals, notably The
Boston Herald, are anxious to print whatever
she may write, and pay her the biggest mar
ket price for it. After Miss Field had been
in Denver three weeks and had been galli
vanted around, shown all the sights, and ini
tiated into all the mysteries, a friend re
marked to her: "I suppose you have got to
gether a nice lot of material for a newspaper
letter." "No. not a bit of it," said Kate;
"what have I seen that has not been written
to death by every peripatetic scribbler that
has come here and found a paper that would
print his words? I shall not write a lino till I
have found something new and fresh to tell."
She went to Leadville and prowled around
among the mines, but was disappointed. She
imagined the mountain miner was a sui
gereris—a distinct phase of manhood all
women admire—brave, chivalrous, hardy,
romantic, tall, supple, handsome. This was
the ideal miner—the kind of miner Miss
Field had read about in books and fugitive
sketches. When she found this ideal hero
she would write a book about him and per
haps put him in a play. She did not find
him at Leadville. The Colorado miner is
either a clumsy, illiterate, boorish Cornish
man, addicted to wormy cheese and leeks,
or a criminal who has fled from eastern
states to bury his identity in the bowels of
the Rocky mountains, or the half-dead, lung
spitting consumptive who, seeking a lease
of life on the highest latitude, runs out of
money and is compelled to go into the mines
for his daily bread. Miss Field was hunt
ing for no such hero. Sho gathered up her
note-books and started for Utah. There
she has been for two months, foraging
and foraging, but writing nothing and say
ing little. But sho will not find her ideal
man. He is as far away as ever. Of course,
the upshot of her pilgrimage will be that
Miss Field will come back home in a big fit
of disgust, and then she will explode her
chagrin in a book which will raise a blister
all up and down the rocky backbone of
Colorado and draw a bloody sweat ali over
the rolling surface of the Mormon territory.
liansh and <*et "Well.
[Spectator.]
In the treatise on laughter Joubert gives a
curious instance. A patient, being low with
fever, and the physician in attendance being
at a loss as to how he should produce reaction
had ordered a dose of rhubarb, but after the
medicine had been prepared, fearing its de
bilitating effects, the order was counter
manded. Not long after a pet monkey_ be
longing to the patient that had been in the
room all the while, seeing the goblet, slipped
slyly up and touched it to his lips. The
first taste was probably novel and he made
a comical grimace. Another sip and he
got the sweet of the sirup. Aha! His
vision brightened. He cast a glance around,
and then drank it to the bottom, where he
got the full strength of the rhubarb. Mercy 1
What a face he madel The visage of the
disgusted monkey spoke volumes as he tried
to spit out the horrible taste, but finding that
impossible, he seized the goblet and hurled it
to the floor, smashing it into a hundred
pieces. The scene was so ludicrous that tha
Kick man burst into a fit of laughter that
lasted until his nurso came in. And when hs
tried to tell her he laughed again, until he
sank back exhausted in a profuse perspiration
which lasted uutil he fell asleep. When ho
awoke tho fever was broken and he rtr
covered. ■'.- -
Jay .'Gould testified in court the other day
that the way to win in "Wall street "is to find:
out which way the wind blows, and then get
in the current." . ' . '
• The three most valuable pearl necklaces in
America are owned in Gotham,'- and are
valued at $100,000, $30,000, and $23,000 re
spectively. "'• V V /
WHAT HADE HIM GLAD.
[Jr.iin Boyle O'Reilly.] .
Ha was old and alone., and he sat op a stone
to rert for a while from the road;
His beard was white, and his eye was bright,
and his wrinkles overflowed
With a mild content. at the way life went;
, and I closed the book on my kaee:
" I will venture a look in this living book," 1
thought as he greeted me.
And I said: " My friend, have you time to
spend to tell me what makes you gladf
" Oh, aye, my lad,:' with a smile; " I'm gild
that I'm'old, yet am never sad!" -
" But v.-hy« r said* I, and his merry eye made
answer as much as his tongue,
"Because," saul he, lam poor and free
who was rich and a slave when young.
There is naught but age can allay the rage of
the passions that role men's lives;
And a man to be free must a poor man bo,
" for unhappy is he who thrives;
He fears for his ventures, his rents and de
bentures, his crops, and his son, and his
wife;
His dignity's slighted when he's not invited.
he fears every . lay of his life.
But the man woo is poor, and by age has
grown sure that tuere are no surprises in
years,
Who knows that to have is no joy, nor to
save, anl who opens his eyes and his
ears
To the world as it I*, and the part of it Ids,
and who says: "They are happy, these
bails,
Yet th"y live day by day in improvident
way— improvident? "What were the
words
Of the Teacher who taught that the field
lilies brought the lesson of life to a man
Can we batter the thing that is sohoolless, or
sin? more of love "than the nightingale
can?
See that rabbit—what feature in that pretty
! crpature needs science or culture or care?
Send this do:; to a college and stuff him with
knowledge, will it add to the warmth of
his hair?
Why should mankind, apart, turn from Na
tures start, and declare the exchange bet
ter planned?
I prefer to trust God for my living than plod
.' for my bread at a master's hand.
A man's higher being is knowing and seeing,
. not having and toiling for more;
In the senses and soul is the joy of control,
not in pride or luxurious store.
Yet my needs .are the same as tho kinglings
whose name is terror to thousands; some
bread,
Some water and milk—l can do without silk
—some wool and a roof for my head.
What more is possest that will stand the prim
test of death's verdict? What riches re
main
To give joy at the last, all the vanities past?
aye, aye, that's the word— they are
vain
And vexations of spirit to all who inherit be
lief in the world and its ways.
And so, '■'•' anil alone, fitting: here on a stone,
-; ■ I sruil'j with the birds at the days."
„:;.■-. . j
And I thanked him and went to my study,
head bent, where I laid down my book
on its shelf;
And that day all the pa-?e that ! read was my
age, ana my wants, and my joys, and
myself.
ATS ELY-T?\[ FOE THE BABII3.
". ■">-;.. for ami Batertalned While
Their Mother* Arc Away at Work.
[New York Sun.]
The uiflffioriaJ nursery for working women's
children is a four story brick building at 27.">
East Broadway, When a reporter called
there yesterday :\bo:it twenty, from 0 months
jto C years old, wen In charge of a nui on
I tho parlor floor. A dozen other children
were sleeping in the dormitory on the floor
above. The reporter was surprised at tho
cleanliness of the children, and tho matron
explained that the clothes they wore belonged
to the institution. Tho children, she said,
were brought there oarly every morning by
their mothers and many of them were very
I dirty and ragged. Their garments were
taken off and the children were bathed. They
were then clothed in clean garments. "It is
a pleasure," said the matron, "to see tho
comfort which the children derive from, the
change fro rags and filthiness to cleanli
ness and good clothes. The little ones are put
in charge of nurses and the elder ones are al
lowed the freedom of the play-room, and on
fine days they play in the large backyard.
About noon they go to the dining-room and
receive a substantial meal. At 6 o'clock they
eat a good supper, and the babies are fed
whenever they need it during the day. After
supper they are reclad in th -i? own garments
and taken home by their mothers^
"Do their mothers continue to end them
back in a filthy condition?" asked the re
porter. r^.'*'
"Some do. But it would surprise you to
see how quickly the true mother perceives
the advantage of one day's cleaning up of
her children, and the majority bring them
back the next day with a marked improve
ment in their appearance, and wherever pos
sible, with clean clothes on them.
Tho chargo made for all this care is only
5 cents per day for each child. This small
charge is made simply to encourage the
mothers to believe that they are paying for
the care of their children. Mrs. A. R. Brown
is in chargo of the nursery. The house is tho
property of a wealthy lady of this city, who
a few years ago lost her only child, a little
girl 2 years old. The lady bought the
house for the purpose of founding the insti
tution in memory of her dead child. All ex
penses are paid by her, and it is tho lady's
intention to endow it with a sufficient fund
for its maintenance after her death. Mrs.
Brown said that for the present the lady
does not wish her name to be made public.
The nursery was opened on May 21, and now
cares for thirty or forty children per day.
During the summer months the children will
be taken on excursions and to the various
parks for fresh air.
One or the Unforerivcn.
[Cor. Boston Advertiser.]
We had a perfect hegira of southern
officers in the early days of 1861," said my
friend, "but the people at Washington did
not seem anxious to keep them, and their
resignations were accepted as fast as they
were sent in. No one had to leave without
his discharge. I only know one man among
all those who joined the rebels who laid him
self open to the charge of desertion. And
with him it was only a technical (Tense.
'Bee' Robinson was a captain in the dragoons.
He was a Virginian, and full of secession
His station was out in Utah some
where, and he sent in his resignation. At
the same time ho started east himself. In
some way they heard of it at headquarters,
and his application was rejected. He know
nothing of this, and went south. Not ap
pearing, he was dismissed as a deserter; when
hostilities finished he was a Confederate
brigadier. Since then he has been an insur
ance agent; but when he sent up his applica
tion for an amnesty it was returned from the
war department, because he had not been dis
charged from the army. He, Davis and
Toombs are the three who have not been
restored to their civil rights of all those who
■went into the war for slavery and secession."
.rainier: We snouiti never mate enemies,
if for no other reason, because it is so hard to
behave toward them as we ought
A Hotol «r a Fort?
[Chicago Herald.]
On writing of military titles in the W2St, a
San Francisco journalist is reminded of th 3
visit of an English lord to Sacramento during
a session of the legislature many years ago.
His lordship put up at the Orleans. His
chaperon introduced him to CoL J. Y. Me-
Duffy, Gen. Wright, Commodore Farragut,
Col. Gift, Gen. Allen, Adj. Gen. Drum, Col.
Kewen, Maj. Jack Stratman, Col. Bowie,
Gen. James A. KcDougall, and so on, when
his lordship asked him, "Lad, is this a hotel
or is it a bloody old fort? 1'
Narrow Ranee.
Colorado ' has 2,000 miles of narrow gauge
roar's in operation; Texas has 1,190: Mexico,
1100: Arizona ■ has 700 under construction, •
and Utah about _ 1,600 projected.
The Albion (Mich ) ladies' brass hand 13 a
flourishing institution. , The base drummer"
ess is a widow with nine children.
.-■.-.. A-3: „i>.ii;.^ tn«j ' nee
it <-. uttTgbbcr'e. of iiei.i> Jf-.ri.es aun wile,
tbtir hocFe.^'utt} coefto:? weie 'toyed
by firp. Ore child IM roasted' to death,
prd mother tat»!l» b*r»*d.
A TRIUMPH OF SKILL
■* SPECIAL^
EXTRACTS
Prepared from Select Frit its
that yield the finest Flavors.
Save been used for years. Be
come Tltc Standard Flavoring
Extracts. None of Greater
Strength. Xone of ,such Perfect
Purity. Always certain to im
part to Cakes, Puddings, Sauces^ •
the natural Flavor of the Fruit,
MANUFACTURES BY ' £-£l"j ';'. .
STEELS & PRICE,
Chicago, 111., and St. Louis, Mo.,
■&!:»» of I.nnnll.i Trut flew. Dr. Prlf»'« Cnra Btllag
I*o»4*r, *■<! l»r. Price's Inl-jue I'trfumn.
WE MAKE NO SECOND CRAPE COOPS.
~ THE GREAT HJtAL'IH TONIC 1 ~
Hoff's Malt Extract!
FronUjfßottle. Bach of Buttle.
H>^ the b?st hoalth bflT- I
known and con- I
BtaiiH bat 4 per cent, of I
Htlcuhol. Ueetl vpry
by our best {>liy- vH
I oiani for Nr.rvniy
Dyepeptico, qI
HJC'onvnl'-sco.'its, Weakly I
"t!-!ilr«-t'. Demand tin' *A
H;"ni!ini', which i« jiut Bl
Hiip only in bottle*, "-'{H
Hp:>r cutt>, i.i.il boars tb> I
■> iim(.M'f TAfiB&MT All
HCO., hole Agents fl" I
H'<- VJuitad S'n'c-t ami I
Hnriii.-h Provinces "r I
l\'ortli Ano erica, 278 {■
H'li-'i'iwi';. (treer, >'<■« I
HVoik. |H
YELLOWSTONE'
MM M
LIVINGSTON, M. T.
The Dcnyer "of the Murthwcet —1b the tm >nl
point of t.'to*! divisiona of tbe Northern Vacifio
Bailroad. It is located a« the geogrephira) oen
tor of th&t Hue. It hoa L<»(1 ■ most T»inrvt!onß
jjrowfh.
i-mTLATIOH IH BSCZMr-EB, 1382.... 60
" " FEBBnARY. 1863.... 1,000
" " WAY. 1383.... 1,946
11 " JITHE. IMS... 2.460
" " AUGUST, 1883...3.000
The Bri'.v.h Line to the I'ellowtor* National
Park h&£ its terminal point bero, and all the im
mense ir.'v 1 to thut famous resort is compelled
to stop here fioin a few hours' time to s number
of days. The principal sbopa of the rnilroad
compacy between Hnuiierdand the Pacific Ocean
are now Jxjkig built here. They will give em
ployment to probably 1000 men. Pine timber is
plenty in the surrounding country, and various
sawmills in the immediate vicinity of the town
fnrnieh work for hosts of employ^ c. The valleys
of the Yellowstone, Bhiolds and Smith rivers are
vast and very rich in agricultural resources, and
tiro ■well Bottled. Their trade is entirely tributary
to Livingston, while magnificent cattle ranches
abound in every direction; vast mines of true bl
niminuiie coal, which can be coked for 1 >■£ cents
per ton; also rich iron mines urn within two to
four miles from town, a' d ore being worked.
The gold placer mines of Emigrant Goltft, Beet
Crevice, Mill Creek, end Eight-Mile Cnek, are
all in the Yellowstone Valley justeontliof Liv
ingston, directly tributary to it. and are being
actively worked. That w<>i,<J«rfnllj rich qnarta
oountrr, silver and sold, J;iw wu bb tho Mark's
Fork District, is south of town, aud Livingston
is the headquarters and outfitting point. Im
mense deposits of liixxefctoce, sraidHtone, clay and
fine brick clay, are but two miles ill. tpi.t. sod the
manufacture of lime is already an important in
dustry, this being tho first point after leaving Dn
lath on the east, 1,000 miJee, where lime ruck is
found. There are some 200 buildings in coarse
of construction. Th"» Park Addition on which
tie new f 17,000 school house is expected to be
built is the Kuxst desirable resilience property in
town, while the Palace Addition coutaice the
cheapest business property offered for Bale—the
tem'oiioy of business and bnsinfw improvementa
being largely in that direction. Thore are two
banks, the Firet National and a privst*. bank: two
newspapers, one daily and one weekly. A wi;olt
ing and reduction c mp&ny is also in j.mivf a of
formation, to be located hero. There a'e many
chances for business ecterprint* of various kirida.
Like all new countries, the o.,portnnitim fox
profitable employment arc very Rood end work
men us well as men of capital will find plenty of
chacces in and around the town. Ldvingeton is
less than a year old, yet it is probably the second
largest city in Montana; It is not SDrpribing
when one considers that agriculture alone has
made Fargo; the Northern Pacific company'u rail
road shops, Brainerd; eczemer visitor*, &.ratoga;
lumber, J:>tu Claire; silver and gold mines, Den
ver; cattle Kansas City; iron and cor], Pitteburg;
that a combination of all of these factors as is
found here should, within the nest five years
nuke this point & city of at least 50,000 peopl«.
The prediction may seem a wild one, but we have
vet to see or know anyope who, a few y?&rs ago,
wes Bccaeed of being wild then ir their predic
tions, who predicted ose-half of what has actual
ly occurred in the Northern Pacific country. Wo
cold lot- in Fargo a few yotrs ago for $110 each
that would sell to-day for {10 000; acres at James
town for $15 per acre (cost 48 cento) that to-day
sell for $1,500, end ere built on. Wo have acres
to-dov in Fargo which cost 48}£ e«m« that are
now in town lots selling at the rate of 1,250 jwr
acre. So lota at Livingston which we now r.ffor
at from $25 to $250 will, inside of 8 years, roll at
from $500 to $10,000 apiece. They have done so
at all good points on the road in the pa&t, a ..1
they will in the particularly nt an excep
tionally good point like this. We advance prioe.
in July. .<-'-•- r
C. LITINQSTOIT & CO.,
63 East Third street, St. Paul.
G. G. BEABDSLEY,
Fargo, DaLcta.
"W.A.gMITH,
General Atterii Liviruretnn. M- ntKna.
Assessment for teliMlMsSfißtT'.
Office OF the Eoahd OF Ptjbxic WoBK ■. )
Cittof St. Paul, Minn., Dec. 81, Ifcd3. S
The Board of Public Works in aid for the
corporation of the City of St. Paul, Mun Biota
■will meet at their office in faid city at 2 p. m.
on the 7th day of January, A. D.lßtf4, to make
an Kf>esfcment of benefits, coeis aDd expenses *
arising from Ihe grsdicg of Third (Sj etreet,
1 from Broadway to Kittean street^ in said' city '
' on the property on the line of knitl graci'r^and
i benefited thereby amounting i:: the aggregate to
13,409.15. " /
All persons interested are hereby notified to be
present at Paid tirre and place of rtaking aid
assessment and will be heard.
JOHN FAKRINGTON, President
Official: R. L. Gorman.
1 Clerk Board of Public Works. 1-2
, I

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