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ms*vi &m& . 1 Olficiai Wj.e? <if ?bs City and County. . I Prina -v:<l Published X?ch7 Day in tha v«ir | WI T3B. Bl*. fAUii QL&ii'£ F3U*IH»3 CGStPAKSr l<>>. ?'!l Wabsahaw Stxeae. St. PaoL 6"' ■■:■ \', - WEDNESOAy, JANUAItY 30. if fHUBjFiHE GLOBE. SEVEN ISSUES PER WEEK—BY CABBIES. Odp Year, payable in advance - $8 00 X & .on payable in advance... 4 25 nree&onths 2 25 Per Month , 75 BIX ISSUES PER WEEK-BY MAIL, POST -2 AGE PAID. - Ono Year ;""...."„..,;.7.::.. ..7 iTSO" &ix Months 3 50 i Three Months 2 00 One Month 70 All mail subscriptions payable invariably in ad vance. Seven If.-nee per week by mail at acme rates aa by carrier. SUNDAY GLOBE. By Carrier—per year $2 00 By Mail—per year, Doatasre paid........ 160 WEEKLY GLOBE. By Mail—postasre pa;d, per year SI 15 EITRAOEDINARY OFFEB. dabbing Rates of the tilobe With New York Papers. The Globe has perfected dubbing ar rangements whereby it is enabled to effer Ihe N. Y. World, an eight-page paper, in connection with tho Globe, at the follow ing extraordinary low rates: Daily and Sunday Globe, 7 issues per week, (by mail or carrier) with the N. Y. World, 6 is eues per vreek, (Sunday omitted) one year $18.00. Same issues for six months for $7.00. Daily Globe, six issues per week, and the N. Y. World, 6 issues per week, one year for $11 00 The same issues for six months for $6 00 The Globs seven issaaa per weok and New York Sun six issues for one year.. $18.50 Same issues for six months for 7.00 The G lobe, six issues por week and New York Suq, six issues, for one year for.. 11.50 Th? snme issues for six months for 6.25 No club subscription taken for less than Cash in advanoe mnst accom any all orders. Address OATLY GLOBE, St. Paul, Minn. Trouble on ths Winds. A rain and elect storm between St. Paul and Chicago last ni^rht caused such an accumulation of ice on tie wires as to break them down and seriously impair tho transmission of news. Be ing Bhort of v.'ir^s tno telegraph company oi-su pie;l wl.r.t they had with other matter, and shut Globe "special" facilities. YESTERDAY'S MARKETS. The St. Paul markets were quiet yesterday. Wheat advanced 2c spot and futures. Other grains were steady. Wheat at Milwaukee dropped l@l%c. At Chicago wheat waslc lower; corn dropped %@l/^c; oats declined H^Yx^'i pork went back 12@15c and lard was off 8@ 10c. Wheat at New York was unsettled and lower. Money at New York was ea6y at 5 per cent. Government bonds were firm. State bonds quiet and railroads strong. Shares opened }/s@\. lower but soon advanced 3^@2 points. Missouri Pacific, Loaisville & Nash ville and Union Pacific being features. The market became strong and buoyant, Louisville & Nashville selling up to 47^, St. Paul 90^, Northwestern 1183^, Missouri Pacific 90%, Lackawana to 1203>£, Union Pacific to 78%. Again a slight decline took place, but led by Gould shares Pacific Mail and Louisville & Nashville the market again turned and closed strong with advancing tendencies. Senatob Shebman and Senator Mahone brought out their windmills yesterday, and fought a3 bravely as Don Quixote and Sarcho Panza did at the Castillian cross roads. After all their oratory they were quite surprised that no one gave them bat tle, and their harmless resolution to inves tigate tha'Mississippi and Virginia elections passed the Senate 33 to 29. The way is now clear for a revised version of matters that happened before the flood. The chief magistrate of Minnesota, ac cording to the statements of his political friends, lacks tha grasp an emergency re quires. We quote from a Minneapolis Re publican paper, the action of the Governor in regard to employing the Minnesota National Gaa,r^s to guard the prisoners and the property of the state at Stillwaior sines tho penitentiary fire last Saturday: "It is related of Gov. Hubbard that he hesi tated about calling out the militiamen from Minneapolis because of the extra expense it would incur—on account of mileage, but when it was suggested that the St. Paul men could not endure the seige to the end he succumbed. It is further said that hn asked Colonel Bend to dis pense with one-third of his men, but tho Colonel very forcibly replied that it was imposeible. There ware none to many to do the proper guard duty." A Congressman cannot be buried with out a scandal. The oommittee that went out to Kansas with the remains of the late Representative Haskell have turned in a bill of over three thoasaad dollars, about five hundred dollars per man. The bill covers nearly everything under the sun. Over two hundred dollars went for luncb, another large sum went for cigars, pre sumably to blow away the sadnes3in smoke, another item U for silk sa3hes, big enough to purchase silk robes for each committee man, and then there were crape hat-bands, and newspaper and carriage hite,the whole amounting to $3,5C1.00. The sad-eyed congressmen who set out on these funereal spreads aro determined to maintain the congressional dignity, at any hazard and regardless of expense, and thay do it, PROHIBITORY KAXSAS. Prohibition has been in operation, in Kansas for twenty months for which statis tics have been gleaned. There are eighty one counties in the state but the returns apply to sixty-six of the number. In those counties at the date when prohibi tion took effect there were seven hundred and eight saloons, at this time there are three hundred and thirteen saloons, a de crease of three hundred and ninety-five, more than one-half. Of the three hund red and thirteen saloons in operation now one hundred and sixty of them are in th 9 city of Leavtnworth, leaving one hundred and fifty-three for the remaining sixty-five counties. The 153 saloons are limited to twenty-five counties, and in forty counties there are nori^, when before the prohibitory law each town in each county had one or moie. ■ The legal operations nnder prohibition furnish the following statistics: In the have bean brought and tried; 351 convic-1 ■Aonv, followed, 47 acquittah and 62 juries j disagreed. The proportion of convictions was seven in, any nine cases tried. In the jasiice courts 572 caae3 were tried, S7B convictions followed, 75 acquittals wore secured, and in fifty-nine th-; jnries disagreed- Convictions were se cured in three-fourths of the cases put to trial. The fines in tho successful ca3es amounted to $95,200, eighty one saloon keepers were imprisoned for various peri od?, aggregating 137 months and nineteen days, or elsven years, five months and nineteen days. This summary sho^ra that prohibition ha 3 been more successfully applied in Kansas thai: in ary other state not except ing tbe originator of the system, the state of Maine. It is not to be understood, however, that dram drinking has ceased. On the oontrary private drinking has in creased, and in some parts of the state largely. The jug traffic from liquor stores is a larger item than ever before, and Sunday jug trains to Kansas City, and other points are the regular thing. In so far, however, aa temperate habits have been induced, and to some extent such has been the effect, so much good has been done. THE FARMERS AND AN EXTRA SES SION. Gov. Hubbard's letter in response to the farmer petitions asking for an extra ses sion of the legislature, is given elsewhere. The Governor has evidently made up his mind that he will not be ooaxed, cajoled or bulldozed into calling an extra session. While the Globe is entirely clear that the public interests demand an ex tra session, there are some reasons which make the Governor's action commenda ble. The amendment to the constitution pro viding for biennial sessions was a foolish ly unwise measure. It was gotten up for I political claptrap and buncombe, and ' no class of men in the state so generally and unanimously swallowed the buncombe as the farmers. It was a favorite argument that the enormous (?) sum of seventy five thousand dollars which tha legislature costs] would be saved to the tax payers and in order to accomplish that,the material interests of the state might suffer to tho extent of millions of dollars. The Globe pointed out at the time tha dis advantage and the positive loss resulting from biennial sessions, but the effort to save that wonderful seventy-five thousand dollars was potential and decisive. It ia probable that tho fail aro to have a session of the legislature this winter has cost the farmers of Minnesota at least three million dollars—a sum sufficient tG have paid the legislative expenses, every other year, for the entire lives of every man who voted for biennial sessions. It would have put this amount into tho pook ets of the farmers by enabling them to enact laws for their protection and would have held in check the frauds an d extor tions practiced by the very faot that there was a session which could apply a remedy. Gov. Hubbard has assumed that the paramount and absorbing desire of the peo ple of Minnesota is to save seventy-fiva thousand dollars of legislative expenses every other year. The vote for bienni-.l sessions justifies him in that view, and he certainly has a strong basis for declining the request of the farmers. Oi c-iiraa thera may be a lingering sus .iat the Governor is not fully in ac oord with the farmers, but that is not an essential point to consider in view of the fact thai the popular vote was so strongly in favor of saving the seventy-five thousand dollars. The fabled frogs made a good many mistakes in patitioning for a king, and they discovered their errors after their prayers had been granted. The people of Minnesota have pursued the penny wise and pound foolish policy of sc ouring biennial 833siona. They wiil live long enough to discover their mistake and it may be that light is almost dawning upon them now. Gov. Hubbard's as sumption that nothing is so vital and im portant as the siving of the- per diem of the members of legislature, is a logical de duction from the constitutional amend ment for biennial sessions. 7^2?. RAYSTER'S OBJECTION. When Representative K.el'ogg filed hi 3 application for the appointment of Mrs. Mary A. Miller as master of a steam ves sel, or properly Btated a steamboat, Ken neth Rayner, the ancient and learned so licifcor of the treasury was constrained to say that there was no law prohibiting a woman from being a steamboat captain, but, as if belittling the matter, he per versely added that there was no law ro pre vent a woman being elected to congress or being elected as President. The learned solicitor might have said directly that he thought ie an impropriety to issue the license asked for to Mrs. Miller, OuL he would have appeared better it he had stopped there. Of coarse he knew very well a woman cannot be elected to con gress cr to any other office under the gen eral gcvornment, and the largest lati tude any of the states permits is, in some instances, to allow women to hold the office of school director. The solicitor professes great regard and admiraiion for the female character and very solicitous that they should not engage in pursuits which he esteems as unsuited to their tender and delicate natures. His elevated conception of the dignity and loveliness of woman is so intense that he cannot avoid saying. When the day arrives that law and public opinion demand for women the engagement in every pursuit in life in which men may be em ployed, then the relation between the sexes will have lost its unselfish devotion, and the vows plighted at the altar will have no more restrain ing solemnity than a contract to f nrr.ish so many gallons of whisky or bo many bushels of beans. It seems so horrible to the venerable lawyer that a woman should perform any labor of a more "elevated" character than to wash dishes a thousand times a year, that he draws & dreadfal picture of a wo man being sheriff and required to conduct the execution of a man convicted of m:r der. In his agony he cries: And who could bear the sight »f a woman ad justing the rope around the neck or rrawing the black cap over the face »f a murderer on the scaffold? And why is it so horrible? Because it would be assigning to woman a role which God in His providence never intended her to fill." , All this fine sentiment is evolved because Mrs. Miller wanted to be the captain of a little steamboat in Louisiana. It is to be feared a good deal of it is wasted, and so far as the little Louisania lady ia concern ed it certainly is. She didn't want to be a sheriff and bang anybody, and probably she never thought that; providence • didn't want her to be a steamboat captain. Some tfcimr must be excused to the at- TEE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, WEDNESDAY MOBMftG- JANUARY 30,1384, Eolicitor of the treasury moves and has his being, but how is Mrs. Miller to get her bread and batter if she cannot pace the I deck as the master of a steamboat. . Prob ably the gentleman never thought of that. CURRENT COMMENT. Beewsteb, who at first ■was very reckless in his invitation for an investigation of his man agement of the Department of Justice has b* gun to "hedge." lie has called on George Bliss demanding that he furnish evidence of a contract with Attorney General McYeagh where by Mr. Bliss was to receive $ICO per day for his services. Suppose McVeagh made such a contract with Elies, which is doubtful, how does it help Brewster. The SICO a day connection of Bliss with the department was under Brewster'e administration and if that official did not want to pay Bliss that compensation he had the power toeayso. In other words he was not obliged to retain Bliss or any other employe of the de partment one moment if he did not choose, and his predecessor could not bind him to any spe cific payments to employes. Mr. Brewster can not put hip own responsibility on to any one else, and his effort to do so, is a remarkable ad mission of malpractice and humbuggery. The Chicago Herald sounds the slogan from its house-top, proclaiming that the Democratic party's only fighting chance 3 for victory in 1884 lies in carrying New York State. If it would win it mubt strengthen its lines there. Trans ferring the battle-field to the we3t will mean a ten years' extension of power to the Republi cans. The Brooklyn Eagle however does not agree with what is implied by that doctrine, for it eayß ihat the notion that New York cannot be carried for the Democracy hi the coming Presi dential contest by any one but a New Yorker is absurd. The Empire State ia as capricious as a petted beauty, and she is ju9t as apt to set her affections on some outsider a? she is to show favor to one of her own household. Men are not to be taken at their word in this generation. Here is the Chicago Times saying: "It is the man who doesn't want the Presidency that is the most dangerous." A Washington correspondent deems it necessary to warn can didates against St. Jerome Edmunds, who has protested with great emphasis that he ia abso lutely free from Presidential ambition. It might also be well for candidates to beware the deceptive Blame, and not trust too implicitly to the I-don't-want-the Presidency expression which Gen. Sherman endeavors to wear upon his rugged countenance. Edmunds, Blain? or Sherman would not lot a Presidency get by them if it came within reach. The somewhat conspicuous Mr. Huctington is described in a Washington letter as "a large, rather hard-faced man, weighing 250 pounds, perhaps six feet high, of a f ica without pride in it and without much resentment." But what sort of a "drive" the writer intended by adding, "there are a good many $1,200 clerks in Wash ington city who gj to their desks at 9 in the morning and go away at 4 o'clock who look like Huntiv.gtorj," is inexplicable, unless it be to communicate the idea that Huntington looks as if hewaro made of very common clay. The Washington National Republican sneer ingly says, Gov. Waller, the Democatic Govern or of Connecticut, has appointed a colored man on the Board of State frison Directors." And yet thsy pretend to be opposed L< > negro supremacy. To this the reply is very apt that a half a dozen Republican Governors have not appointed a single colored man to office, and yet they all assume to be in favor of equal rights and particularly fond of colored men. Mb. Fbank Ceosby of Washington is a public benefactor. He has a patent to register the votes upon questions in the House by which the vote is cast by simply pressing a button on either side of the desk. A similar method is used in Ihe French chamber. Anything that will serve to remove the vociferousness of the voting process in the Hwuse may have the effect in time to render that a somewhat orderly body. The you.:g men "out west" when they see a good chance do not mean to miss it. Miss Min nie Pope is the most popular young lady in Sheboygan, Wis. She received two $1,000 bonds as a New Year's present from her uncle in New York. The young men who call in the afternoon and remain to supper can find seats, but those who arrive after 7 p. m. have to stand in the hall or in the front yard. The N. V., World reconciles Fred. Douglass' recent marriage thus: "Fred Douglass views with calmness tho state of turmoil iuto which the colored people of the country have been thrown by his nuptials. He says his theory is that "in time the varieties of races will be blended into one." By taking unto himself a white wife he demonstrates that ha is not a mere idle theorist but a practical man." The Kansas City Times puts a prominent sub ject in the right light by remarking that the movement made in the direction of securing jnssice for the people on the land question shows that with a Democratic senate and a Democratic Execucive to aid the Democrat House, there wonld ba no difficulty in redressing the wrongs Committed by the monopoly party. The last it formation conveys the intelligence that "Senator Mahone has joined the Republi can party." We are glad to hear it. That is where he belongs. Mahone ana Grant are two men who are the most "natural" Republicans in the world. Not one of the six congressmen from Califor nia was born in that state. Tully is a native of TeLnes^es, Glascock of Mississippi, Henley of Indiana, Bosecrans of Ohio, Budd of Wisconsin and iumner of Massachusetts. The Philadelphia Record is moved to say pa thetically that Gen. Sherman's repeated declara tions that he will not accept a nomination for the Presidency are a source of great comfort to the people of this country. Mrs. Judson Kilpatrick, whose husband died during his service as minister to Chili, has continued to reside abroad, but will soon return to this country and will bring with her the re mains of her husband. It must be hard tiints, indeed, in Georgia A clergyman in that country was lately paid thirty-live cents in coppers for performing a marriaga ceremony. A Becentl Ypublished list of foreignlandhold ere in America shows the extent of their posses sions. The total (20,747,000 acres) is about the area of Inditiia. Senatob Voorhaes has prevailed upon Senator Walker, 01 Arkansas, to appoint Col. E. C. Boudino*, the Cherokee brave, his private secre tary. Heroism of a Mother. LBoston Globe.] No more pathetic story has come from the eosr.u of the wreck of the City of Co lumbus than that told by Mr. Tibbetts of the wild who begged her huaband to save himself if he could, as there was no change for them both, «o that he might oare for their four children. It was an instance of rare heroism, in which the lore of the wife and the mother overcame all love of life, aad all more animal clinging to life, which is stronger usually than the intelligent de sire to-live. So, in the wild rash of the panic-stricken people, at a time when calm decision is a quality most rare, she weighed the chances, and saw that life for her hu&band meant a happier life for her children than if she were saved. But stern fate bad no pity on her devotion and hero ism. The waves swept her off the vessel aad swallowed her up, and he, after en during the agonies of cold and exertion in the rigging, also went down to join her. in CAMILLE, Cbtra Morris* in the Great Emotional Rule ! L ist Itvening—Opinion of a Veteran Actor ;j> to Miss Morris' Attainments. To have seen Clara Morris in "Camille\ la t r..ight should be regarded as the privi lege of a lifetime. Nothing so consum mate in tbe range of dramatic endeavor as her iiu personation of Dumas' strange and contradictory heroine has ever been wit nessed on tha St. Paul stag?. The parquette, dress circle and gallery of tr.e Giacd were filled to tho utmost seat iDg capacity, and no mare appreciative audience cocld have beSi demanded by the gifted," actress herself in the sense that it was thoroughly en rapport. Before the curtain rose on the first act the indulgence of the audience was asked in case the waits between acts should prove a little long, it being explained that Miss Morris was suffering from throat trouble, and that perhaps it might be nec esswy to prolong tha interims between acts in order that she might have an op portunity to recuperate. Tnis much by way of introductory and what shall be said of her conception of Camille. It is not easy to define the power so vividly manifested last night in gener alities, however nicely framed or cogently expressed. To do this would require more than the few minutes' hasty reflection accorded a newspaper notice after midnight. In her hands the sometimes dubious character of Camilla is idealized into a gloomy crea tion of womanhood. One does not behold merely a penitent and reformed courtesan. To associate any Btrata of tae demimonde, how high or exclusive soever, with the exalted passion of this woman, in the latter stages of the play, seems like profanation. In the strong passages of the drama, so graphically por trayed by this gifted woman all interest is subservient to the over whelming, all-absorbing, self-saorificing character of her love and devotion, and the soul of man or woman has never been called upon to face a more trying emergency. In these scenes, in the third and fourth acts, it is not Clara Morris, the actress, ■ that speaks, but the breathing, inspired personality of Camille. The tempest comes in the third act, in the meeting of of Camille and Armand's father. But how soft and spring-like are the scenes that precede it! How touching and ten der her donation! How she exults secret ly in her love, and with what womanly pride she speaks of her attachment. She has been transformed, and he confides in :ier. Then comes the fearful Bcene with Mons. Duval. She cannot believe her senses at first, that any fate as the one offered to her could be do relentless, so utterly ri-nel. At first there ia a gasp and a shc-^.jr, then her voice—and what a world of tenderness th6rs is in this voice, pleads for mercy, for consider ation. The emotion that follows is intense, and nothing we have ever heard exceeds tho utter hcpelessnes3 and despair con veyed in her wail. The scene following with Armand was great. There were no dry eyes in the audience at the conclusion of this act. The story of her life in the second act was deeply pathetic and the finale, of this act was wonderfully graphic. The fourth act was also a revelation — the meeting with Armand; it seemed as though she must give in though her heart cracks, and yet she sticks to her resolve. The final scene was frightfully realistro; there was the glazed eye, the ashen hue of the lips and brow, the very spasm and throe of dissolution itself. Mr. Levick made a splendid character of Duval, and he received and deserved a number of enoore3. There is in him tbe stuff of a brainy actor. Mr. Bainbridge made a good character as the count, and the ungrateful part of Mons. Daval was admirably taken by Mr. Sutherland. Mrs. Farnen was admirabla as Madame Prudence, and the rest of the oast was ac ceptable. COSTUMES OF OAMILLE. The costumes worn ' by fer<?. Morris last night were exceedingly rich and hand some. In the first act she appeared in a rose pink satin underskirt and train with the drapery and waist in one, of ivory white mervilliyux. The waist was pointed in front and square at the neck. The front of the skirt was draped with valuable lace. The costume for the second act consisted of a petticoat of white satin embroidered all over with crystal beads and a court train of pale green and roses brocaded on a cream satin ground. The waist and sides were trimmed with crystal fringe and pearl beads; the sleeves being of lace embroidered with crystal beads. The neck was square. In the country house scene Camille appeared in a loose wrapper of very fine nun's veiling with lace sleeves. f The ball dress was a white satin princess trim med down the front with jarbots of white lace and pale green bows. The neck was heart-shaped; a jarbot of whits lace in the center, the right side of the neck trimmed with seed pearls and the left side plain, except for an edge of lace. Train,was a ground of white satin with small pyramids of wldte plush on it, tho interstices being filled up with pyramids of seed pearls. On the reverse side it wns light green. The train was fastened on the right shoulder. In the last act Miss Morris wore rags —a plain white wrapper. The "Marble Heart" will be given at to day^ matinee, and each lady in attend ance will receive a souvenir photograph of Clara Morris. The engagement closes to night with the "New Magdalin." A VETEBAN'S OPINION OF SUSS MORBIS. In conversation with Mr. Gustavus Levick, the leading support of Clara Mor ris yesterday, a Globe reporter thought that it might be interesting to have tbe opinion of one of the profession concern ing tha ability of the celebrated actress, and as no higher authority can be had, he ventured to inquire of Mr. Lavick his opinion of the artist whom he had the honor to suppoit. The question was answered promptly and with a cordial ring of the voice that left no doubt as to its perfect sincerity. "What do I think of Clara Morris?" he said; "well sir, I think she is the greatest . emotional actress in this oountry . I have had the pleasure of seeing them all and for strictly emotional roles, I doubt if there is her equal any where. Of course, Ido not class her with actresses ; who perform in - blank verse roles; she would not be strong in Lady Mai-bsth, tesauee this style of acting is not her forte. You will notice the parting scene in the third act of Camilla to-night; it is powerfully affecting, no one that I have tover seen can compare with her 'in the portrayal of these roles. I remember the first time I saw her in the "Magdalen." I sat in the audience and she brought tears to my eyes. Why, you have no idea of the woman; of her phenomenal control, her indomitable will power. She suffers greatly, too, and I don't know what , she lives on, for she scarcely eats anything." "To what quality of mind or brain do you attribute her power?'' '■■. ; "It is hard to tell; she herself says that it isn't genius; it is genius in the sense of high and consummate art. Her endni ance is simply marvelous. I ■■■ have never seen the body so completely at ■ the i power of the will as manifested by her." v - , Just as tiia conversation was becoming interesting Mr. Levick ■ was called away, and the interview terminated. : HKABT AND HAND. The sale of seats for the engagement of gran's English Opera company, to^ open at the Grand to-morrow night, has been most encouraging, and a very successful and enjoyable season of comic optra i» promised. " Heart and Hand," tha latest and most brilliant snocesa in comic op9ras, will be given at the opening performance, and all desiring to hear this melodious composi tion should secure ssate early. Saint Paul Cru-aders. The Crusaders hold their bi-weekiy en tertuinrnent this evening. Tbe following is the PROaEAMME: PABT I. Overture—"ll Taracredi," " Mr. Henry McLachlan Vocal Selection - . Mr. Joseph J. Heyes. Violin and Piano Duo - Mr. and Miss Zenzius Kscitation - - jvu 8S Minnie Simpson '•Danse Andaloase"—Piai:o - - - Miss Sarah Dowlan Vocal Trio—"Glorious Appollo," Messrs. Hauler. Heyes and McLachlan Piano Solo—"Waltz deSchullof, Prof. 5". Fisher Duet —Vocal, Selected, Misses Mary and Maggie McManus PABT 11. Piano Solo—"Gavotte do Mignon," ~ ~ Mr. Heory "tfcLachlan Vocal Selection, - - Mr. J. J. Heyes Essay—"The Crusades," Hon. X, J. Markoa Wedaing March, - Miss Sarah Dowlan and Mrs. Kent Recitation, - - Mrs. Florence Htde Violin and Piano Duo, Mr. and Miss Zanzius Song—Selected, - Miss Maggie McManua Quartette--"Minstrel Boy,"' Messrb. McLaehlan, Casserly, Heyes and Hanley •SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY. The tea plant has been guccessfally ac u limatized at Anokland, New Zealand. Prof. Ealand, of Sweden, believes that ha has proven that a perfect vacuum is a good conductor of electricity. Observations taken at Colon by the en gineers engaged on the Panama inter oceanic canal indicate that the great earth quake wave caused by the Java eruption made its way in about thirty hours from Java round the Cape of Good Hope to the east coast of Central Amerioa. A professor of the Faculty of Sciences, of Marseilles, ii reported to have examined a section of French railway with the re sult of finding that all the rails which had been in vie for a considerable time had become converted into magnets capable of strongly attracting pieces of iron. After being taken up the rails gradually lost their magnetism. Among the many substances formerly considered valueless, but utilized by mod ern science, is the nettle. This weed is now actually being cultivated in Germany, where its fiber is made into a variety of textilo fabrics. A Dresden manufacturer has produced from it the finest thread known to the trade, of whioh a length of sixty miles weighs only two and a half pounds. The supposed germ of pneumonia—be- longing to the class of mioroscopio or ganisms known bb microcooci—haa been discovered by Dr. Friedlander and exhib ited to the medical societies of Berlin. When the germs were introduced into the bodies of mice, either by inoculation or in halation, true croupoua pneumonia was in variably produced. Dr. Sach, of Buenos Ayres, famishes as surance that the world is not in daager of having a quinine famine. The planta tions established experimentally in Java and the island of Reunion have been very 6uoceß6f ul in producing this drug, while in Bolivia the trees have been cultivated by the million for ten years. At three places in the last named country, taken in order, the number of trees growing is given, severally, at 70,000, 200,000 and 3,500,000. A disease peculiar to persons who dig potatoes has been described by a Prussian physician. It appears to bo an affection of the nerves o* the leg 3 and feet, and is produced by the strained position into which the lowei- extremeties are thrown as the laborer gathers his potatoes. The pa tient finds one or both feet and legs to be heavy, cold, numb and sometimes painful, while his gait becomes clumsy and limp ing. The disease may be of short dura tion, or it may continue for years. . Dust-either volcanio or cosmic-is the reflecting medium to which the brilliant sunsets witnessed in November from a large part of the world seem to be quits generally attributed. Some scientists suppose that the dust had drifted with the air currents from the Java volcanoes, and others believe that the earth encountered a dust cloud in space. In this connection it may be noted that a fall of dust covered the snow of a valley in central Norway on the night of Nov. 17. It will be interest ing to learn how thi3 dust compares with that from Krakatoa, whioh has been chem ioally and microscopically examined. Although science has not yet robbed consumption of its terrors, the discovery of tho so-called bacillus of tuberculosis has already pointed oat to medical men a possible means, of saving the lives of many patients. Speaking recently in Paris, Prof. Germain See dwelt upon the importance of searching for this organism in the matter expectorated by persons having apparently slight lung troubles. He regards its presence as an unfailing sign of consumption, for the most carefnl research has failed to deteofc it in other lung affections, and as it may be found before the appearance of other symptoms it may enable the physician to successfully apply treatment in the early and curabla stages of the disease. The remarable storm which crossed the British Isle« between September Ist and 3d, has been traced by M. C. Harding, F. R. M. S., to two original oentem of dis turbance, one being 450 miles to the south of Bermuda, on August 26th, and the other to the east of the Rocky Mountains on the 27th. These two disturbances merged oa the 29th, whea about 300 miles north of Bermuda, and formed one great and de structive gale, whioh continued to grow in violence as it crossed the Atlantic until it reachad the British coasts. This storm orossed the Atlantic at an average speed of fully forty milss an hour, which is more t aan doable the usual rate of storms which traverse that ocean. The term "telpherage" has been ap plied by Prof. Fleeming Jenkin to "the transmission of vehicles by electricity to a diatanoft independently of any control exercised from the vehicle." In a system of telpherage worked out by Profi. Jen kin, Ayrton and Perry, trains of buckets, each bucket carrying 200 or 300 pounds of freight, ara drawn by Bmall electro-motors over a single rail of rods or ropes euspend ed on posts, the movement of trains being controlled entirely by operators at the stations. By keeping up a constant stream of these light trains a largo amount of freight may be forwarded, while the expense of fitting up such a line ia very small compared with that of building rail ways for concentrated loads. An experi mental telpherage line has been construct ed in England. EUPerhlns as a Political Writer. [Minneapolis Journal. J The Chicago Tribune has a two column letter from St. Paul on Republican politics in Minnesota, in which tha statement is made that Albert Sohaeffer, of St Paul, has recently loomed up as as a formidable contestant, against Loren Fletcher, for the Fourth distriot congressional nomination, and that Mr. Sohaeffer is tacked by Sen ator Sabin. From certain ear-marks about this communication, we are pretty certain it was written by Eli Perkins. IS TARIFF QUESTION. Hotc it ts Discussed by the Pittsbura Worktnamen—Little Work and Small Re muneration in Spite of Protection. A correspondent of the New York Herald writes from Pitt3bur^-. The present head of the organization known aa the Knights of Labor in this district i 3 Mr. A. C. Ran kin. In answer to a query from a IL.-ahi representative Mr. Raakiu said: liWe are protectionists about here, and evary laboring manbalieves that his wages would go still lower if the tariff were re duced." "What do you consider the condition of labor about here?" "We conldn'i; be much worse off. Our organization does much to keep up the wages of labor, but where our organiza tion is not strong the employers have forced the men down to wages on which they can barely subsist. For instance, in the coke regions about here you will and a czinmunity so poor and wretched that I defy you to match it in the slums of New York. The fact is that the protection which gives the manufacturer the chance of mak ing large profits gives the laborer only the market price of wages, while on the other hand, whenever the manufacturer make 3 less profit than he cares to take he turns his men out on the street, and shuts up shop uutil better times come around." "Did you ever hear of a protected man ufacturer who asked to have laborers pro tected against the importation of cheap workmen from Europe?" the Herald cor respondent asked. "No. And what is more, if free traders ever get any influence among the work ingmen of fittsburg, it will be by expos ing the one-sidsdness of protection in this respeot. We laboring men are taught that our wages would be wiped out if the mills and factories were not highly protected. Well, af Ler we have voted all the protec tion for the manufacturers we may find that somehow or ether the wages go down anyhow, in spite of all we can do to keap them up. If we strike for higher wages we find that the manufacturers turn around and import a batch of cheap foreigners to fill our places." "Some years ago a cutlery mill was started near here with several hundred im ported English operatives. The manufac turers had all the protection they wanted and imported their labor besides. It wasn't many months, however, before they proposed to cut down wages. The men all struck, and what did these protected employers do but go and get in about four hundred Chinamen to fill their places. Now, if there is going to be that kind of protection I should just as toon have free trade right off. The mauf aoturer? aro all well organized for the purpose of securing the lcwe?t labor in the market, while every obstacle is thrown in the way of the work ingman who teeks to better himself by organization. " Look at the glassmen's strike. They have held out since September against tho efforts made to reduce their wages. The manufacturers in that business are making an article that gets protection of more than 100 per cent, aed yet they say they can't afford to pay their men living wages. I am not a free tracer, but I don't want a protection that proteot3 everybody but the laboring man." "The glass manufacturers, if they suc ceed in their efforts to still further reduce the wnges of their men, will bring Ameri oan operativ63 to wages below those in Europe." This was spoken by the secre tary of the window-glass workers' branch of the Knights of Labor, Frank Gessner, to your correspondent. "Last year," ho continued, "the average monthly wages paid in Belgium were $88.87. They have been in New Jersey as low as $61, and if the present reduction of wages is accepted in PennaylYania, ihe men here will ear a bu, about $40 per month. "About fifty man have returned to Bel gium in the last few months, under guar antees from the government that their wages should be higher than they are here. They can actaally make higher cash wages to-day in Belgium in the glass industry than they can here, with a protective tariff of 147 per cent. "We are sure to win in this glasswork ers' strike, for the men are thoroughly united and we know that the manufactur ers can afford to pay the rates we ask and make a handsome profit. We have sup ported fifteen hundred men since June 30, and wa can support them for six months to come if necessary." "x'here is no doubt that labor uniots do keep up the wages of labor, and very ma terially," said one of the principal super intendents in the largest steel works of this city. "Of course I don't care to have anything I say repeated, but, between you and me, if the whole protective system were wiped out of existence the laboring man wouldn't be a bit worse off than to-day. In fact, I don't soe how he could ho inuoh worse off any way. We have here in our-Pitt^burgh mills tho highest wages anywhere in the country, and yet there are anywhere from 4,000 to G,OOO m=n, and good men at that, loafing around the streets without work. We have in Pittsburgh the most perfect or ganization among laboring men known in the oountry, and that i 3 the real reusou why those that do work get the highest wages paid anywhere." '•Why do you attribute the high wages to the labor unions?" waa asked. "Because right close to U3 at the Cam bria works, where the laborers are not or canized, you can get a raan for U0 centa a day whom we have to pay $1.25 a day. The man we pay $2.50 in Pittsburg only gets $1.50 at the Cambria works. Our common puddlers make $4 simply because they are backed by the union. I could take a common laborer that is now seek ing a job at $1.10 a day and make an equally good puddler of him in two weeks. There i 3 an enormous disparity .between the wages paid to labor that is organized Rnd labor that is floating about loose," "Do you considp- the present condition of the laborer[li :d J" "Very bad indeed. My interests ere with the employers of labor and I should not care to be heard talking in this way. But no one who has given the labor ques tion any thought can fail to see that wages are steadily tending downward. All man ufacturers are looking about to see where they can curtail expenses, and the first thing to ba touched is the pay roll. This country is afflicted with the spirit of com petition to such a degree that at present we have more manufactured staff on hand thau we can dispose of. MIII 3 are closing down all over or running Bhort. The men may do their best to Btrike, but it is no use. The employ ers have the advantage every time. All that tha labor unions can do is to see that the men get the highest wages in the mar ket, but when the men are lying about idle no power under heaven can keep wages up if the employers chose to make a reduction. " Then, again, the laboring men them selves are largely handled in their union meetings by agests of the employers. Workicgmen are often ignorant, and a few smart men oan handle them if they take them at the right time. Ton find every workingman about here is a rank protec tionist. He doesn't know what it is all about, but he has had it preached to him over and over again until he believes to-day that, badly off as he is, if the tariff should be reduced he would be ruined. Of coarse lam a protec tionist, because I am in the iron business and am ready to take all the protection I can get. But a* to the ingxnaa, ha plays right into the h?.cds of tha bosses in ths matter. He is madj to believe that unless manufacturers are protected labor will be destroyed. Bui ho is carefully kept from seeing that labor id the only com modity that 13 freely imported into the country to benefit those vrho?e interest it is to get cheaper and chijaper labor." A practical machinist who i* connected with a large mtoufaotnrla,- cjj-tru here, said to your oorrespoudc^i ta a chat on the labor question: "Ignorance is at the bottom of all this protective tariff talk on the part of labor ing men. They think that if the tariff is abolished they will lose all their work and bo turned out into ths streets. Tha high tariff men take goo«.! care to fester this feeling:. In fact the employers make it a point of having some men in all the labor unions in order to keep posted about what they are talking about. I believe, though, that if this question was brought right home to the American workman he would realize high protection makes high cost of living and very uncertain wages, while free trade makes steady work and low cost of living. As things are at present I can show you men that are as badly off as any in England. I hear of factories running short or shutting down all over this coun try, and the reascnjuf it is because we have got too much tariff. We have got our tariff so high that it actually keeps us from manufacturing what we otherwise would. "For instance, we ship lots of tools to other countries, and steam engines also. If you took off the duty on iron and steel we could make these tools much cheaper, ship more of them, and employ more men in our factory. '"Do I think our high-priced labor hurts us? No; not that so much as the cost of the raw material. It is there that we can not help ourselves. Wo can invent ma chinery that will supplant labor almost completely, but when we have to pay heavy duties on the articles that go into our tools and engines we are handicapped very heavily." "Labor will be regulated by supply and demand, union or no union, tariff or no tariff. If we have a high tariff it means that we must confine ourselves to the home market aad give up all idea of competing for the trade of South America, and it means that tho laboring man must pay double p. ices for what he wears and uses. If we have free trade it means that we enter the field as England's rival in the world's commerce, and that tho wages of labor will bay the greatest possible amount of good things for the working man." "I am afrp.id these labor union fellow* will keep up this Iproteojtfonist' craze until they are starved into common enee. Noth ing else, I fear, will knock tho humbqg outofthein^ \ A SHOCKING SCENE. Tin- Execution «'/" a South African Chief, The Tracsv 'Advertiser, contains an ao count of the execution of tat) Kaffir Chief Mampoer for murder and rebellion. The executive council decided that sentences of death should be carried out within the pre cincts of the jail, but for some- reason or other it was resolved to vary the practice in the case of Mampoer, and the gallows was erected on the weste i side of the jail, within tho inclosure. Shortly after 6 o'clock in the morning Mampoer was marched from his cell to the inciosure, and, after some delay, conse quent upon a defect m the arrangements, he mounted the platform with a firm step r and without an outward sign of fear. He was then pinioned, and his legs bound, and the halter adjusted about his neck, and then only a nervous twitching of the fingers was visible. Shortly afterward a bolt was drawn, and the drop fell. A hor rible scene ensued. The rope broke, and Q the unfortunate wretch fell into the pit which had been dug to give tho requisite fall. The hang man, Booth, was for a Bhort time unnerved by this incident, and did not know what to do, but the jailer and another official went to his assistance, and the body was once more hoisted on to the platform, and the rope knotted, and the body left to hang for the prescribed time, it is stated that the neck of the chief was dislocated by the fall, and if bo, probably life was already extinct before the body was sus pended for the second time. The govern ment enforced the attendance of the Kaffir prisoners who had been more or less compatriots of Uumpoer, and they were compelled to witness the death agonies of the chief. It may be mentioned that tho government did not consider it necessary to provide the con demed prisoner wiia a shirt, and ho was hanged in all tis nakedness, lie execu tioner wa3 the man Booth, who wag con demned to a lcc£ period of penr.l servi tude for the murder of his ssrgf.r.ut some time ago. As a rewird for his meritorious service he has been pardoned, and the government has liberally provided him with a suit oi clothes and a Bum of money to .-^irt him in the world. It is understood .a & t ho will proceed to Natal very shortly. ' Cremation Progress in Germany. The practice of cremation appears to be gradually gaining ground in Germany, there being a steady increase in tho num ber of bodies brought for this purpose to Gotha, which contains the scle establish ment in the empire. It is under control of the city authorities, and the cremations up to the end of 1882 were eighty-four— viz., seventeen in 1879, sixteen in 1880 thirty-three in 1881, and eighteen up to September, 1882. All parts of Europe contribute to the business of the institu tion, while several bodies have been brought thither from America in which country the cost of fashionable interment i 3 60 great that it is but a slightly in creased expense to have the remains cre mated at Gotha. The principal items of this expense are: the removal of the corpse from the railway station to the cre matory, 30 shillings, and the cremation it self £7 10 shillings. There are severa formalities to be observed before permis sion is given by tho officials. A permit has to be obtained from the municipal ati* thoriti&o where the death took place, and also from Goths, that the body may be removed from one place to another, for without this latter the railway company would refuse to find conveyance. A corpse is not allowed to be moved unless encased in metal, and zinc is, therefore, prescribed as rapidly melt ing under the action of the heat. This must be inclosed in a wooden coffin of certain dimensions, so that ii. may fit the receptacle in the chamber. In case a funeral service should be requested, a further charge of £1 10 t hillings is made. The Gotha establishment, which was erected in 1878, is \sry complett , and cost for the machinery and buildings nearly £5,000. TLo apparatus is made after tho Italian model, and consists of a large coal furnace for the production of tho gas, which is conducted by a pipe to the heating chamber in which lha body is placed, this chamber being tweiity-one feet in length by thirteen feet in height, and divided into two parts. The gas is first of all let into the nearest section, where it or,res until a white heat is pro due:! At the time of the operation the body is lowered into the second compart ment, and the gas admitted from the other one, when the zino cage rapidly melts, the garment being then consumed, and the whole piocess occupying about two hours. As it takes a day and night to properly heat the fufnacej eoffiuient notice has to De sent to the authorities.