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Daily globe. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, January 30, 1884, Image 6

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Ex-Governor Letcher, of Virginia, is
The Denver newspapers have opened
•war or. the Chinese .here.
M ;■■■. Oiiphant's latest novel is "Hester,
' a story of contemporary life."
A $10,000 fire occurred in the state
prison at Nashville, Term., lately.
Senator John S. Merrill, of Vermont, is
Hearing his eeventy-fifth birthday.
At a tennement fire in Cairo, 111., Rose
Smith, an old negress was burned to death.
Ex Senator Simon Cameron has left th 3
Hot Springs in Arkansas for Galveston.
Paper gas pipes are among the new in
ventions to be brought into use in the near
John Demijohn, of Peru, Indiana, re
fused to change his name and thereby lost
a wifa worth $200,000.
A Scotch tourist sums up his opinion of
Mormondom by calling it the waste bas
ket of the world.
A number of business houßß3 were burn
ed in Xenia, Ohio. William Powers was
killed by a falling wall.
The Northern Pacifio people last
MoDday had a hearing in Washington in
defense of their land grant.
Abner Stephens, of Johnson county,
Texas, who is but twenty years of age, is
seven feet two inches in height.
Professor Beers, of Yale college, is ta
write the life of N. P. Willis for the
Anisritan Men of Letters series.
The king of Bavaria is passionately fond
of the music of nightengales and has quite
a number of them in his palace gardens.
A niece of Richard Wagner, the noted
German musical composer, in in New York
■with a crippled husband and four hungry
Judge Aldis of. Vermont, has sold a
house in Washington to Gen. Sheridan for
$42,000 that only cost him $12,010 a few
years ago.
A cable dispatch giving no name says
an English lady of title, young, rich and
beautiful, has eloped for Brighton with a
3table boy.
Maokey, the bonanza king, is laboring
hard to make cp the defects of his eatly
education, and burnb the midnight oil
over his books.
M. Victor St. Paul, a frenchman, has
offered a prize of $5,000 to any person
who Rhell discover an infallible remedy
for diphtheria.
Two things, says King Alfonso,of Spain,
are deeply rooted in the Spanish charac
ter. They are antipathy to France r.nd a
hatred of tho Mocrs.
"The Haunted Houses of Great Britain,
a guide to the Geography of Ghost Land,"
is the title of a book juetivublished in Lon
don by John H. Ingram.
From the published report sof the va
rious asylums in the United States itj ap
pears that within the last ten years the j
number of insane persons has nearly
".Socialism is lifting its head prominently
in London. Social theories are debated
which, even in the revolutionary £ period
of 1848, they would have been regarded as
■Gov, Murray, of Utah, denies that any
charges were ever filed against him while
he was United States marshal in Kentucky.
He e&tb the reports are set afloat by
reetiass enemies.
Mr. Mackay and Mr. Flood, the bonanza
kinga. are said by the Galveston News to
hay» purchased the Suijowa mines for
$450,V00. The mines are eighty miles
southwest of Tucson, Arizona.
TheiSrst regular tramp of which we have
any authentic record was named Satan,
who replied to the question, "Whence
comes thou?" put to him by high authori
ty, "From going to and fro in the earth
and from walking up and down in it."
No Norwegian girl is allowed to have a
beau until she can bake bread sod knit
stockings, and as a oonsequence every
girl can bake bread and knit stockings
long before she can read or write, and she
don't have to be coaxed into the industry
The liquor dealers of Ohio, have organ
ized an association to prevent legislation
that will interfere with their business.
They have appointed a "Committee of Ag
itation," and will use strenuous efforts to
secure the repeal of the Scott law and the
enactment of one to suit them better,
Writing of the straDge custom of Japan
ese children carrying younger children on
their backs, a correspondent remarks:
'• You wiil see scores of children at play,
all carrying these burdens about (for you
must know the inland swarms with babies),
and, as they rush along at break-neck
speed, tne head of the sleeping infant may
be seea waving iv the breeze."
;)o not look for wrong and evil,
You will find them if you do.
As you measure for your neighbor,
He will measure back for you
Look for goodness, look for gladness,
You will meet them all the while.
Jf you bring a smiling visage
To the glass, you meet a smile.
Alice Cary,
A very pecuiar contest has just taken
place in Paris between legs and wheels. A
young cavalry officer, the Baron de Mag
noat, offered .to race on foot to Versailles
M. de Villara on his velocipede. The stake
was $2,000, and the velocipedist was freely
backed at five to one in hundreds. They
started from the triumphal arch, and the
pedestrian beat hia adversary by four and
and a half minutes. Large sums of money
wero lost on the issue.
It is authentically stated that the insur
rectionary post of Miragoane surrendered
to the Hayrian government on the 10th
inst. The ports of Jacaiel and Jeremie,
which were closed to foreign commerce by
legislative enactment, will ba reopened on
tha 15th of Fsbruary. It is said the gov
ernment of Heyti, to reliave itself of the
.financial burdens caused by the rebellion,
is about to issue $1,000,000 in paper
money, which it is intended to redeem by
additional revenue tax.
New servant— lil like" it" "here, mum. It
seams just like my old home." Mistress —
"Indeed! Did you ever live in a house as
large as this?" New sarvant—"Oh no! I
was not thinking of the house. I was
thinking how nice that noiae upstairs
sounds. It reminds me of home all the
time." Mistress—"Oh! you moan that
hammerirjg. That is my daughter. She
is devoted to repousae work in brass. It
is very fashionable now and she has quite
a taleufc that way. But how can that re
mind you of your home? Where did you
live?" New servant—"Next door to a boil
er factory, mum."
Strikes the Nail on,the Head.
Albany., N. y.. Jan. 29. —A bill is intro
duced in tha assembly, declaring ''void all
contracts, written or verbal, for the sale or
transfer of any share or interest in the
stock of any company, unless the party
contracting the sale or transfer shall be in
actual possession of such stock," etc.
A Talk. With the Man Wlto Has AUcayn Been
a Woman-She round Out Her Mistake
When Shi Fell In Love—How Mmn's At
tire Becomes Her—Henceforth She mill be
John Calhoun Payne—A /Sensation in the
WiiiciiESTEE, Va., Jan. 25.—Special to
the World.—The mysterious personage
known as Elizabeth Rebecca Payne in this
community, but who now claims to ba a
man, reached th 9 village of Rsst near here
this afternoon with his bride, nee Annie
Hinton. Payne is of medium build and
does not look unlike a man until he at
tempts to walk or move. Then hi 3 lack of
familiarity with male habiliments be
comeß apparent. He wore a plain gray
pepper-and-3alt coat to-dmy, a black vest
and black trousers. The latter fitted
closely to his nether !icnb3, which are of
ficfo mould and as delicately constructed
and' shapely p.b those of a female.
" I really did not suspect my true 86x,"
h" said to the World correspondent, "until
Home three or four weeks ago, when some
casual remark made by a lady friend
aroused my suspicions. I then determined
to go to Dr. McGuire, but did cot inform
him of my perplexity. After professional
inquiry he at once, but with much hesi
tancy, made known my true sex. I suppose
it was the force of nature which impelled
me to fall in love with Miss Hamilton, al
though I never could understand the feel
ing which my passion for her inspired
when I first met her as a servant in cur
family, and was struck with her beauty
and ladylike bearing, and soon found that
I thought a good deal more of her than
any one else I knew."
"Will you wear man's clothing hence
forth, Mr. Payne?" asked the correspon
"Of course I will," he responded, with an
expression which would have been mis
taken for a blush had he been a woman.
"I wish I could continue in the dress
I have worn all my life, but people would
look at me so that I would be arnoyed."
"How d» you manage about getting your
boots on?"
''Well, now, do you k*ow," he remarked,
with a womanly giggle, "I had an uwful
time? We men have to get used to these
things, how6v«r,"
Mrs. Payne, who is a pleasant faoed, re
fined lady of about twenty-two years, at
first refused to talk, but her husband told
her she had better have the trouble over
and dona with. She said that she had
looked on Mr. Payne as a woman until
he had informed her otherwise. Then she
ceased to regard him aa a woman and they
became lovers as they had been friends.
She was not at all ashamed of the new ex
psrisneo of her husband, and her love for
him wa3 such that she aid not care what
the world said about him. Sho knew he
was a man and that was enough for her.
Payne, through his counsel,will apply to
the court to have his name changed to Jno.
Calhoun Payne at the next Fittißg of the
court. He intimated that he will then re
marry hia wifeia Virginia.
His sisters accept the situation philo-
Fophically,and do not hold any ill feeling 6
| against their new sister-in-law. Payne to
j day rode on horseback into Winchester.
I For tho first time the residents saw him
astride the beast instead of en a lady's
side aaddle. Ho appears to be perfectly
indifferent to public curiosity, and non
chlantly replies ty any questions of a hu
morous caaraoter that are asked him, and
such questions have been fairly numerous.
Previous to the application for license
Payne, it is said, informed two or three of
his male friends in the neighborhood that
he intended to marry Miss Hinton, accom
panying the information with the further
revelation of his true sex.
The astonishing news had spread around
the neighborhood of the Paynes' home,
situated some seven miies south of Win
chester, before the marriage license was
askod for, and some cautious whispers of
it had reached Winchester itself. As
"Aliss Payne," the mysterious personage,
had been known for many years in this
vicinity, the uneexing came upon this
community like a clap of thunder from a
olear sky. It spread throughout the val
ley, pervaded all olasses cf society and was
soon upon tha lips of every one.
Nothing since the great battles of the late
war has created so decided a sensation in
this intereresting and historic little city,
and up and down the Shenandoah valley.
The Payne family were of undoubted re
spectability and prominence. Therefore
society took up tho matter and discussed
it in a dazed sort of way at first, and then
became amused at the humorous features
The peopla marveled and laughed almost
in the same breath. It was all so strange,
and yst so irresistably funny. Tha whole
town has seen Miss Payne ride into Win
chester a hundred times in years past
dressed as a lady; had bowed t<j her, ie
speclecl her, admired her somewhat mascu
line grace and ease in managing har
spirited animal, and several gentlomen
whose hair were tiaged with gray to
day recalled some gallant little speeches
just dashed with tenderness which
they had uttered when bowing over her
hand in years past. A few of them re
membered the time when at some evening
entertainment they had quoted postry to
her under the inspiration cf music's magic
spell. Later on in life they recalled her
as the acknowledged head sf her family;
a woman of spirit, wit, intelligence and
decided business capabilities. Winchester
and the valley of Virginia remembered
this and wondered and laughed and won
dered again. , s
Mis 3or Mr. Payr.e'a mother was left a
widow, in comfortable ciroumstances,
some years since and married again, but
subsequently separated from her second
husband and she now liv4>3 on one of the
best farms in Frederick county. Sho
brought up seven children success
fully, for:r of whom married prosperous
farmers in the neighborhood. Another
lives at this time with her mother. Still
another conducts a nourishing school for
young women near her mother's home, and
the remaining one, Elizabath Rebecca,
who from childhood evinced remarkable
business talents, has from the time of her
attaining years of maturity, been engaged
in commercial pursuits.
No one in that locality was more favor
ably known than tho last mentioned, the
woman living quitely and attending close
ly to business, bo that her neighbors
gradually came to look upc>n the propriet
ress of, the littlo store as an old maid,
born to blush unseen and waste har sweet
ness on the de«erfc air. Judge, thetefore,
of their astonishment when ehe appeared
iv Mertinsburg, boldly announced her con
version from the gentlor to tfae sterner sex,
purchased and arrayed herself in a suit of
masculine habiliments, including a silk
hat and red-topped boots, and followed «p
(he performance by stating her intention
to marry Mies Hinton.
Iv the explanation famished Rebecca
stated that there had not been any ooca
sion to doubt her femininity until about a
fortnight since, when she was led to visit
Drs. McGuire asd Love at Winchester.
These gentlemen performed j< simple and
painless operation, ana announced to the
patient that there could bs no doubt as to
the perfeat masculinity, and that tho ig
noramus who superintended her advent
into the world deserved to be prosecuted
for the dense itipidity which brought
about her subsequent wearing of petti- j
coats instead of trousers. Armed with this j
information Rebecca lost no time in car
rying oat the programme before men
tioned. The license issued for the cere
mony was made out in the name of J. C.
Piyne, it being Rebecca's intention to have
the feminine name changed to John as
soon as an act of the legislature can be
procured for the purpose.
Of coarse the community in which this
startling metamorphosis occurred is con
siderably stirred up over the event, but
there is no doubt as to the facts atittd, as
no one questions the purity and sincerity
of the parties to the matrimonial contract.
There are no more reputable physicians in
the valley of Virginia than the medical
gentlemen credited with the emancipation
of Rebecca from; petticoats. Dr. McGuire
is widely known 'B3 a skillful surgeon, and
Dr. Love, the other physician, is a son-in
law of Charles James Faulkner and a high
ly esteemed physician and gentleman.'
As these people, so strangely brought
together, stood at the altar the late Miss
Payne presented a somewhat manly and
determined appearance. Where a luxu
riant chignon had formerly depended his
hair was neatly and closely trimmed,
and his radiant countenarce, guiltless of
moustache or whiskers, looked positively
handsome in comparison with that of his
bride, who is apparently two or three
years older and hardly as prepossessing in
personal appearance as her companion.
Rebecca was well known among a large
number of stock dealers. She was so suc
cessful in all her business ventures that
she amassed quite a snug fortune. She
did not mingle freely with either sex, but
gave her principal attention to business.
Her eyes are brown, and her complexion
slightly bronzed like one who had been ex
posed to the sun. The supposed woman
never had any sign of : a beard, and her
voice is not nnfeminine.
As Miss Payne's business often led her
to Winchester while she was a woman, her
tall, commanding person was a familiar
one on the Baltimore & ; Ohio trains, and
all the conductors enjoyed her acquain
tance. These gentlemen, among whom
are Conductor Clarence C. Newport, of the
Harper's Ferry and Valley branch, and
j Conductor John Dsll, on the Winchester
! accommodation, from Baltimore, have
been objects of special attention among
their passengers for the past three or four
days. They are asked all about the strange
being who was once a woman but is now a
man, and many sly allusions are made to
the deference they used to display in offer
ing courtesies to tha lady when she was
At the conclusion of the drill l\3l even
ing the Ames Zouaves enjoyed a pleasant
Officer Boundigan arrested a hoodlum
for shooting at people in a South Minne
apolis saloon, last night.
Officer Hill found a man stupidly drunk
lying in the hallway, at 418 Second avenue
south, after midnight, and took him to tne
Reid's soap factory, on Twentieth ave
nue north, was destroyed by fire last night.
Loss i 3 estimated at % 20,000, partially
covered by iasurance.
The directors of the Base Bill aß3O3ia
tion held an enthusiastic meeting at the
Nicollet house last night. The committee
on finance reported that $7,700 in stock
had been sold and that a number of ladies
had purchased. Each lady holding stock
is entitled to free admission durinj the
Business failures.
Tobonto, Ont,, -/an. 29.—The American
Lumber company has assigned. The com
pany had a capital of $1,000,000, formed
some years ago, .d owned extensive lim
its and mills. The banks mainly interest
ed are Toronto banks, the Quebec bank
and the Bank of Commerce. The liabili
ties foot up close to $1,000,000, half of
which is secured. The Bank of Commerce
is the largest creditor.
Boston, Jan. 29.—The liabilities of
Forbes, Wright & Co., dry goods, who
failed, is about $200,000.
The Magnates Moving.
Omaha, Jan. 29.—President Perkins and
General Manager Potter, of the Burlington,
passed through Omaha this afternoon en
route to Denver. It is enrrently reported
that they intend to hold a conference at
Denver with General Manager Clark, of
the Union Pacific, who left yesterday for
California for his health. Nothing definito
is knowa here about the proposed confer
'1 o Open its Own Office-
Chicago, Jan. 29.—1n consequence of
tho withdrawal of the tripartite
roads- from the lowa pool and
the establishment of a union ticket office in
Omaha, ihe Barlington road has given
formal notice that it will open its own
ticket oface in the rooms formerly oc
cupied by the lowa pool on Feb. 1.
- The Savage l.ii uro. . ,
[Special Telegram . to the Globe. |
Miles City, Mont., Jan. 29.—Judge Wade's
decision in the petition of the assignees of C. W.
Savage & Co., asking for an injunction against
the attaching creditors, was reviewed to-day.
The judge denies the injunction but orders that
the assets remain in the sheriff's hands subject
to the decision of the courts on the validity or
the assignment. As the court does not sit until
March and possibly later • the
store will remain closed till then. ,
A Quarrel on JPreiyht.
Chicago, Jan, !29. —The roads east of the
Missouri river, parties to the Western Trunk
Line association, continued to-day to ignore the
order of the Union Pacific, to restore freight
Tates to Utah points, and issued schedules cover
ing that territory at the rates which has been pre
vailing . The Burlington and th 9 agent of the
Union Pacific in this city have associated, th9y
refusing to accept the Utah freight except at
the restored rates.
To Oppose tiia Agreement.
Ottawa, Jan. 29.—Homer and Gordon,
the British Columbia members, will opposs
the bill to ratify the agrasmen! between
the Dominion and British Columbia in its
Terms Rejected. .
PateesoNjN. J.Jan. 29.—The striking
ribbon weavers have decided to reject the
terms of the Manufacturers' association.
i Tbot, N. V., Jan. 29.— W. 21. Prague's,
leather board mill, Middle Falls, Washing
ton county, ws3 burned last night. Loss,
§30,000; insurance, $10,000.
Swedish Matches.
Everyone has seen the Swedish matches and
wondered at the quaint inscription on tho top of
the box"Tandstickar, taDda acten svafvel och
f oaf Few, however, (ire there who when trav
eling in Sweden in the home of the tandstickers
leavo the fjords, rocks, and fir for a day and
trace the match back to its soarse. V And yet it
would more than repay a day's sojourn atJonko
ping to visit the factory whence proceeds not a
small part of tho light of the world. The latest
novelty, only at wo. k for about, a month, is an
enormous engine,, whichr daily' produces me !
million boxes of Swedish matches. This wonder- i
ful machine receives the raw material—namely,
blocks of wood, at one end, and, after a while,
gives up at the other the matches aeatly ar
ranged in their boxes," ready to be despatched to
the uttermost ends of the world. ' The wood,
which in the course of last summer was brought
over to Jonkoping to be made into matches,filled
twenty steamers and eight sailing vessels. — Pall
Mall Gazette. ;;-
Among tlxa Best Daily Everybody
Should Have The Improvement Mar
velous—Secord to Nona as a Xevrspapilr.
Larimore Pioneer.
The St. Paul Globe's calendar for 1884,
is one of the neatest that ha 3 reached
us. •
- Sleepy j Eye Herald.
Elsewhere in this issue will be found
the prospectus of the St. Paul Globs.
Tho Globe i 3 the leading newspaper in
tha state. •
Eanville Times.
See advertisemei t of the Daily Globe
in this is3ue of the Times. The Globe is
an out3poken Democratic sheet, but is
nevertheless, a wideawake. and newsy
St Cloud Journal.
The St. Paul Daily Globe sends out this
year a very unique '"owl" calendar in
which his owlahip is pictured as going
through, by months, in all the "ations"
from "Contemplation" to "Refrigiration."
Cannon Falls Beacon
We call the attention of our readers to
the prospectus of the St. Paul Giobe,
daily and weekly, in this issue. The im
provement of the Globe m the last three
years i 3 marvelous and it is now second to
none among the live newspapers of the
west. With its special telegraph wires to
Chicago, Washington and New York it has
every facility for gathering the freshest
rewß and its market reports are always re
ISibley (Jo. Independent."!
In another column we publish the pros
pectus of the St. Paul Globe for 1884.
The Globe this year will be much im
proved, having purchased a $00,000 Webb
press and added a large number to their
editorial staff. The subscription price has
been reduced to $6.00 per year. Every
body should have it at that price.
[Belle Plaine Herald. |
The St. Paul Daily Globe presented its
readers with a very handsome calendar
last week.
[Adrian Guardian.]
We acknowledge the receipt of a neat
and artistic calendar issued from the office
of the St. Paul Daily Globe. The Globe,
piece the first of January, has greatly en
larged and improved its market reports
and general news departments, and now
ranks among the very best daily papers
in the great Northwest. Every evening,
after our days work is done, we sit by our
cosy sanctum fire and enjoy an hour or
two reading its well columns "Barrin
its politics," we wieh the Globe unbound
ed success.
Shakopae Courier.
The Glove.— ?ie prospectcs of tho St.
Paul Globe elsewhere. This great Demo
cratic daily is second to none in the west,
as a newspaper; while its editorial com
ments are usually of tho sound—sensible
kind, worthy of note and lasting remem
brance. Subscribe for the Daily Globe,
and olab with the Courier for the weekly.
Swift County Press.
We would call attention to the prospect
us of the St. Paul Gloee in this week's
issue. The Globe is one of the oldest
papers in the State, and we may say one
of the best. Its politics are Democratic,
although we have ever noted a disposition
by its editor to accord the most impartial
discussion to political and other promin
ent topios. The Globe managers have
made large additions to their establish
ment and from this time forward propose
that their paper shall take a stand ia the
very front ranks (if not in the front of
even that) of Minnesota journalism.
The most oxpensive dwelling house erected
in Albert Lea last season was G. O> Sunby's
which cost $7,03.
Since the ennt/ commissioners raised the
bounty on wolves from $5 to $8, the auditor's
office has been troubled with only three appli
cants .
Oa Washington's birthtv-.y, Brownsdale is to
have a ball under tho management of the Grand
Army of the liepublic. The merry guests will
meet at sleeper's hall.
In this city on Tuesday erening, February
1, the quarterly meeting of the M. E. church
will comaanco. Rev. Dr. Chaffee, of Minneap
olis, will oJiciate on the closing evening, Feb
ruary 3.
According to the report of the couaty com
missioners of Mower county, the treasurer of
that county had on hand, December 81, 1883,
cash to the amount of $10,559.97. Austin,
what is to ue done with it all.
C. H. Brown, Owatonna's once larg3 marble
man, has retired from that business by selling
out. During the last ten years perhaps Mr.
Brown has made more money than any other
man in Steele county.
Waseca county is agitating the matter of buy
in" a farm to keep its paupers on, and thus
make those paupers who are able to work sup
port those who are not able. This method
works well in many places. Freeborn county
kas had for many years a large poor farm, aad
itis so poor too,or els3,'sojpoorly conducted, that
no poor could ever yet live on it.
The other day at the dedication of the U. B.
church, at Glenyille, Bishop J. Weaver took for
his text "Invisible church of Christ." I sup
pose by that he conveyed the idea that the con
gregation should not look at the church, but ct
the debt \vhick still adhered to the same,
I pendinsr removal. At any,rate before passing
around tho boses he told them that he wanted
$50U to cancel the d»fet. A sollection was re
ceived that amounted to 528.00. More than
enough to clear from all incumbrancesan eleven
hundred dollar church.
Owatuniaii lias baen made the recipient of a
fire which destroyed three buildings. The fire
originated in the store of Mr. James Thompson.
Something of a strong bree.zo from the north,
at that time, was blowing, which drove the
blaze to the next building, owned and used for
a saloon by Me. JUnilin^ei. While tearnig down
the west wall of the salaon, it fell on Mr. Mal
linger'-s residence, which stood just opposite on
Rose street, and thusth-ee buildings were soon
laid low in smouldering debris. Mr. Thomp
son -aved nearly ;ul his goods, -which
were insured for $1,100. The building -was
o^ried by a non-resident and was insured for
8700. Mr. tlaliiager 6aved a large portion of
his bar room stock ar<i household furniture. He
estimates his loss at $1,000. Three children,
the family jf a man by the name of Jos€>pti Gor
man. wLi lived in the rear of the second story of
said r.i; oon, were obliged to run into the freez
i-g streets almost nakeil. Before she fonnd
shelter a little girl of six years hati one of her
feet badly frozen.
■ Life of the Chinese , Emperor. .
[St. Jame3- Gazette. J .
The Chinese emperor ii & lad thirteen
y<*rirs of age. He lives in a slate of semi
seclasion in the palace of Jan Chien-Tien,
I where he is waited on by a staff of picked
retainers, who never approach him other
wise than ;on their knees. His mother
visits him once a month,'and she !kneels
while tittering her first sentence. Consid
eria? the'extraordinary respect in which
parents are heldJri China, ■no more, com
plete recognition of the transcendent char
acter of the imperial dignity be imrg
iaed. Hi? father goe3 through exactly ilo
same cereisonial.
. The emperor devotes two boon and a
half daily to the, study of Chinese, and the
same time to Manchu. Needless to say,
the prof(?;or:j approach him on their
knees, but to mark the respect to letter*
which Chinese traditions exact even from
the emperor he invites, or rather com
mends, them to rise when the lesson be
gins. He passes two hoar? each day in rid
ing and in archery, and in winter ho takes
sledging exercise.
Eight eunuchs wait upon him at table,
and have orders to prevent his partaking
too freely of any of his favorite di3hes, a3
boys, even though they be emperors, will
sometimes do. He sleeps in a magnifi
cent ningpo bed, the frame of which i 3 of
massive gold and ivory, and which belong
ed to his distinguished ancestors, K'ang
Hsi and Gh'ien Lunar.
He Says that the Baltimore & Ohio Tele
graph Co., Does Not Hurt Them in the
Least—The Income Increasing Yearly of
the "Western Union Telegraph Company.
Nrw Yobk, Jan. 29.—Mr. Gould was
asked by a Commercial Advertiser reporter
what effect, if any, the acquisi<iou of the
Baltimore & Ohio company's tew line
would have upon toe Western Union.
"None whatever," replied Mr. Gould.
"There is not the slightest chance of the
Western Union business being- at all in
"I Buppose the purchasers will get the
best of the bargain?" aeked the reporter.
"Well you can judge for yourself," re
plied Mr. Gould. "I know the line from
Buffalo to Chicago over the Nickel Plate,
ha 3 not paid expenses. If lam not mis
taken tha expenses of the superintendent's
office at Buffalo was soaroely coveied by
"The Baltimore & Ohio folks have
not secured a big thing after all."
"No, I think not. B9sides this, I under
stand that there are some questions of
mortgages and legal points surrounding
the line from Buffalo to Chicago, which by
no means render the title olear. In other
words, the Baltimore & Ohio people get
nothing for their money."
"And the effect on tha Western Union
will not amount to much. It ia in your
opinion matter of no account." "It is a
mere speck," replied Mr. Gould. "That's
the case exactly." A Western Union offi
cial said, the receipts of the Western Union
have been showing a constant inoreaee
and are much larger now than at the same
season of any previous year.
Facts Gleaned front, an Old Diary—Snow
Ice and Floods in the Delaicare Valley in
ISSl—Stiffevin'js of Man and JBeast.
The writer was recently shown a diary
whioh was kept in 1857 by a prominent
resident of this county, now deceased,
wherein is recorded tho range of the ther
mometer, the snowfall, floods, etc, of the
winter and spring of that year, and from
which i 3 gleaned the story of a season un
precedented in the history of this portion
of New York State, at least for its severi
ty,di9aaters and extraordinary meteorolog
ical changes. Th» statements are corrobo
rated by many old residents of the valley
and other portions of Sullivan county.
The year came in with the mercury four
degrees below zero, and it never rose above
that for twenty-four days, but fluctuated
between that and thirty-four degrees be
low, the mean temperature for the three
weeks being eighteen degrees below. On
the 24th of the month the mercury regis
tered thirty-four degrees below zero, and
for twenty four hours the change wa3 only
four degrees, the mercury standing on the
morning of the 25th at thirty degrees be
low. In spite of the fact that it had from
time out of mind been aooepted as an irre
futable truth by the weather-wist* of the
valley that it could not snow when the
weatnerwas extremely cold, snow began
to fall on the 24th and fell all day and all
night in blinding sheets, and on the morn
ing of the 25th was two feet
deep on the level. Added to this, a
high wind piled it in drifts, some places
thirty feet high, until entire communities
in this and other river counties were
snow bound for days, entirely shut off
from communication with the outer world.
Cattle and horses were frozen in barns,
and the farmers back in the mountains
suffered great hardships and privations.
The first great sudden change of the sea
son set in on the 25th. The extraordinary
cold wave was rapidly followed by a warm
one quite as remarkable, and before the
26th the mercury registered forty de
grees above zero, and rose still higher.
The ice in the Delaware and its branches
was three feet thick, in many places solid
to the bottom. The spring-like warmth
that followed so quickly on the cold rap
idly melted the great fields of snow, and
by the Ist of February it had Ell disap
peared from the ground, and appeared in
the streams as a flood that overflowed their
banks, The Delaware, half a mile below
the village of Cochecton, is contracted
into a narrow pass, the channel bottom be
ing filled with protruding rooks. The wa
ter has a heavy fall tbrough the gap, the
spot being known as Coohecton falls. The
Pennsylvania bank is only a few feet
above low water mark, and spreads back to
the Erie railway track, for a quarter of a
mile, and up and down the river for a mile
or more in unobstructed flat land.
On the 2d of February, at 6 o'clock in
the morning, the ice broke up in the Dela
ware at and above Cocheoton. Its great
thickness and solidity caused it to break in
great floes, acres in extent, and when they
reached the rough and narrow Cochecton
falls they lodged against the rocKy bottom,
broke into pieces, and in a short time a
solid wall of ice, 100 fe6t wide aud 30 feet
high, extended from shore to s hore. The
rush of the water waa thus checked, and
they were flooded back with ench great ra
pidity that before the alarm could be
given in the village it was flooded to the
f.eoond stories of many of the houses, im
prisoning the inmate 3 and placing them
in imminent peril of their lives.
Floats were hastily constructed from
the drift lumber that filied tde river
rom above, and men at the risk of their
lives paddled about the crashing ice. re
moving the inmates of the beleaguered
houses. Men, women and children were
taken from roofs, and one man and hia
wife were driven by ths water to the top
of the chimney before they were rescued.
No lives were lost, but few escaped with
more than their uight clothes. The village
church, which stood on an eminence above
the other bnildmgs, was submerged. The
sohool house was carried away. Tho
graveyard wa3 flooded, and every grave
stone carried away er demolished. Several
houses were crushed to pieces by the ica.
The water backed to Calisoon, six miles,
and carried away intervening farm
houses and several buildicgs in Calicoon.
The bridge at that place was lifted bodily
from its abutment?, and together with the
Cochecton bridge, was carried down and
piled upon the ice-pack in the falls. An
hour longer of the increasing flood would
have totally destoyed both villages. Sud
denly the wall of ice gave way before the
great pressure upon it, and surmounted
by both bridges, hundreds of log 3 and
thousands of feet of lumber,went thunder
ing on down the river. Tha water reoeded
as rapidly as it had risen, leaving the
streets and yards of the village blockaded
and filled with ice-floes, many of them
larger than the houses. The great field of
ice swept everything before it on the way
down the river, leaving only one bridge
- -.■ diii^j bstv* txji Ccchfccton . i.'d Pjrt
Immediately following {he btsalr.ip the [
weather began to grow colder again, and •
by night the mercury was four degrees b .- !
low zsro. The water tha: remained in the j
houses after tha receding of the flood was ,
frozen solid, and ths interiors were coated
with ico. Twenty-four boon after the ice '
gorge had left the river clear it was again '
frozen up solifJ. Another snow storm set ■
in, and slow fell to the depth of a foot on '
the'level. Another breakup occurred on j
the 18th of February, the weather having
again suddenly become warm. Tha quick :
melting of the snow caused a great flood, i
and the only bridge which had been rebuilt !
since the flood of Feb. 2, tha Erie railroad
bridge at Narrowbay, was again carried •
away. After this breakup the weather re
mained very cold until as late as April 20. !
On that day the heaviest snow storm of the •
season began. j
It snowed until the afternoon of the 21st
with unabated fury, and when the storm j
ceased there lay three feet of snow in the
northern townships. The settle i
-were completely isolated. Travel of all!
kiLds was suspended for days. Little hay
or fodder was left amrng the farmers,and
great suffering to stock resulted. Cattle j
and horses starved to death in many in
stances, and by the time the thoroughfares
were once more established farmers weie
offering vaiuablo stock for sale at from
$5 to $10 a head. It is noted as a remark
able fact that hundreds of head of cattle
were then sold that were so weak from
want of nourishment that the purchasers
were obliged to haul them away in sleds.
The April snow went off rapidly, and
made a third great flood, but as there was
no ice in the streams, and the lumber had
been swept from the banks by the previous
flood, do great damage resulted. The
weather remained seasonable until the
middle of May. On the 20th of that
month a foot of snow fell, and the mercury
fell almost to zero. The next day the
weather was spring like again; a warm
rain fell, and before night had swept every
vestage of the snow into the river, causing
the fourth great flood of the year, but a
harmele3s one. The loss in the Delaware
valley during this remarkable winter, in
lumber and other property, was over
500,000, and many property holders sold
out their holdings and moyed away.
Another axtraordinary winter in this
valley is mentioned as having been that
of 1859, its peculiarities being its great
snowfalls. The first snow came on Thanks
giving day, lj">8, and from that time on
until March, 1859, there was only seven
days in which there was not a snow storm.
There was not one break-up or thaw until
April, the weather remaining steadily cold.
The snow-drifts were so high and long in
, some plaoes thr.t the whole aspect of the
country was changed, and it was necessary
to tunnel them in some places for miles to j
make the'country passable. There was
uninterrupted sleighing for nearly/ five
What Some of tho Government Official* Re
ceive for Their Services.
[New York World.J . !
The fi st volume of the now government
"Blue Book" is out and some of the bright:
Washington correspondents have got hold j
of it. This publication contains a roster of '■
the various official positions pertaining to
the national administration, the salaries
attached thereto and the names of office
holders, and ha 3 always been guarded with
a mysterious solicitude that it is difficult
for the average citizen to understand. It
contains some curiou3 information, and
many of those who see public officials grow
rich in office Will be somewhat surprised to |
learn the salaries paid them. Nevertheless
the salaries now attaching to Federal !
offices are, as a rule, excessive when com
pared with those of former years.
• Under General Grant's administration
the presidfint's salary was $25,000 per
year. That luxurious occupant of the
executive) chair required an annual salary
of $50,000, in addition to the large sums
appropriated for the White house ex
penses, la the earlier years of the re
public the heads of departments were al
lowed $3,500 per year; the chief justice
of the supreme court, $4,000, and thu asso
ciate justices, $3,500. Now, those
who hold cabinet portfolios re
ceive $8,000 each; the chief justice,
$10,500, ■ and the associate justices,
$10,000 per year. The ministers to Eng
land, France, Germany and Rus9ia receive
respectively $17,500, the largest salary
paid to any officer of the government, ex
copt the president. The numerous other
diplomatic officers, minister?, consuls, etc,
get salaries ranging all the way from $12,
--000 to $1,000.
The highest fixed salary drawn by fed
eral servants on duty in this country, ex
cluding the president, is 13,000. This is
paid to the general of the army and the
admiral of the navy. The lieutenant
general of the army gets $11,000
and the vice admiral of tha
navy $9,000. Tho major generals get
$7,500 and the brigadier general-? $5 500.
It is carious to note that the collector of
the Port of New York receives $12,000— a
larger salary than is drawn by his superior
in Washington, the secretary of tho treas
ury. The secretary of the 6enate gets
more than a senator. He draws $6,000
yearly, while the senators get only $5,000
apiece. The official stenographers of the
house, whoso duties are more difficult and
ardons than those of the average member,
receive tha same salaries as the represen
tatives, but they are required to employ
their own assistants and therefore do cot
net over $3,500 per year.
The chaplain of the senate receives $900
per per year for his prayers, but the little
messenger boys get $20 more, though they
earn it, and some of the messengers get
twice 33 much as the chaplain.
The postmaster of this city and the col
lector of the port at Boston get as much
each as a cabinet officer, while there are
more than a dozen employes en the civil
list who ges higher salaries than cabinet
officers. Those who do not feed at the
public crib have the satisfaction of know
ing that, although many of their pnblio
servants get more than they V.a-D, Govern
ment pap, without the condiments of
perquisite, is not, after all, the most nour
ishing food.
Can be administered to infants without the slightest
danger. It does not contain druga or chemicals, but ie
& harmless vegetable syrup, very delicious to the taste,
that relieves and positively cores
at once, and is a permanent care for Bronchial or Win
ter Cough, Bronchitis and Pulmonary Catarrh.
For all diseases of the Liver, Stomach, Bowels and
Kidneys, this medicine Is an absolute care. Especially
for Sick Headache, Constipation and Female Weak
cess. It does not nauseate or derange the stomach.
—fl unfailing means of curing Nasal Catarrh, by insuff
lation. Ordinary Catarrh. Cold in Che licr.J, L'roachlal
Catarrh and Hay Fever, yield almost instantly to Uiio
sovereign remedy, j It does not irritate the nostrils.
Pimples.Redness.Blotches, Sccviand Koushness.vanish
as If by magic; while old enduring Skin Disorders, that
nave plagued the sufferers for years, however deeply
rooted, this remedy will successfully attack them. __•
Sold in this city. Price $1.00 per bottle, six for $5.00.
Directions in tea languages accompany every bottle.
For sale by £d. H. Bigg", Me.Mast ira & Getty
B. &E. Zimmerman^ L. P. Wilkoe aud Clark
& Frost.
Bl •JWi "> ViSx I *V i / I #J>^
1p '
■^W .S3
The McstJPerfect Made.
There is none stronger. Hlone so pure*
and wholesome. Contains no Alum or
Has been used for years in a million homes. ■
Its great strength makes it tfis cheapest'
Its perfect purity the healthiest. In tht.
family loaf most delicious. Prove it by the
only true tost.
js.isrT-Acncr.ED by
Chicago. HI., and St Louis, Mo.
Eunfactnrmo?l.sputlß Trut o—as, Dr. Price. Sp*«W
FlSTorlag Extract*, and Dr. Price. I'aiqu* l*»rfaaiM.
Tall Wei'gb: aid Measure Qnars,r*eod vj
Cnv& Mr,
41 East Third street. EsteWiehei in lr-f 4.
Vvilii IS Wvs^
At bottom priea«. Grate and »#g *3.75, s <,->
--* 10; Nut $10, Briar Hill, 18.50. All grj^l^j
of fresh :.ned bituminous coal at equally 'o*»
prices. Mnple, $6; Birch! and Oak, ti 75
Mixed, $3.7o;BR8Bwood, #3; Dry Pine Slab?, *8
Sealed proposals will be recoivi •
of the St. Paul Work Home, 66 Baal Thi •
until 10 a. m,, February iuth, .
For Iron Work at Saint Fnul
Work Houss.
Separate bids will bo received for the iron
cells, and iron work in brick cells in basement
complete, and for labor only.
Separate bids will be received for window
Rratingß, and eoparato bids for all stain and iron
doom in walla leading to dining room ,v.'l court.
The time of the completion of the work must bo
stated in tho bid.
A bond of twenty per cent, of the bid inuat
accompauy each bid.
The Board of St. Pnul Work Hgupo Directors
reeotvee the right to reject any and all bids.
Plans as.d specifications can be seen at the of
fice of E. P. Baeeford, Architect, Gilbllar
Bids should be addressed,
President Board of St. Paul Work Flo
tors, 5'J Eaat Third 6trr*t, St. Pan
St. Paul, Jan. 15,1884. 18
Who want glossy, luxuriant
and wavy tresses of abundant,
beautiful Hair must use
elegant, cheap'article always
makes the Ilair grow freely
and fast, keeps it from falling
out, arrests and cures gray
ness, removes dandruff and
itching, makes tho Hair
strong, giving it a curling
tendency and keeping it in
any desired position. Bei*a
tii'ul, healthy Hair is the sure
result of using Eathairon.
Jua»V.liia«iia</fl final V»ivP i
: E83 # THr3 get
i rospectf ally invite the attention at Inslr.
be getitlsinen to ray large, most edaipteta 10$
elep&nt stock of new Maaqae Gobtara?a, ft!
balls, partioe, theatricaiperfrrr/iLsiicss, old Talks
rta, tablaanfi, «o.
M-je ks at wholesale.
Country psrtioe, ooni for Hit tad jries4.
General Druggist
Is settled in his elegant New Btoro
Cow Mil aM Saint Peter streets,
Where can be found the finest and beat of Druga,
Perfumery, Toilet Articlee, Patent Medicines,
etc. Also, all kinds of Garden and Flower
Seeds in their season.
A sure care for Blind, Elee3iag, Itohlcg ant'
Utcerated Piles, nan been disccTore-! by Dr. ;
liam, (an Indian 1 emedy) called D'.u Yv ixjjam'.
iri/iAS Ointjieht. A single box has cure 4th
worst chronic cestje of 25 years' stand No i
ono need Ecffsr fivo minutee after applying thu •
wonderful (thing medicine. Lotions and In- •
straments do more harm than good. William's j
'Oin latent absorbs the tumors, allays the intense ■
itching, (particularly at night after getting *-a-' m
fat bed,) acts ss a poultice, given instant acd
painless rglief, and is prepared only tor Pilej,
itching of tho private parts, and ten wiakg ■-—
For ealr- by all druggist*, an.l mailed on tech"
of ' price, $1. NOYEg, 8808. & OTOTIJ!V
Wholesale A.<£rntß, £tt. Pan', Minr. St

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