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The Montana post. (Virginia City, Montana Territory [i.e. Mont.]) 1864-1869, December 31, 1864, Image 1

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025293/1864-12-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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41441 'loot
D. W. Tilton, & Co.,.
p. FP. TILTON. -B R A. . DT` s.
eFie, at the City Hook Store, COEr.,
of Wallace and -Jackga Sitit..ts.
(Ate Cop crnn year. - - - $7.50
crIy. Fit months. - - - 4.00
Os* cony. thre months, - -- 2.50
- -- - ___________
------~ ------
Hate. of Advertislng.
3t15nosr cards. (flve lines-6or 1..) one yer. $20 CO I
sit months, 15 00;1
three months 1000
(, .qnara one year, (ten l.ines or lop) 40 00
Cr.: eclTrei i months ` " i 25 06
or;, rcuu r! t'ureh monthls altih 15 00
tisv''.ýr c-)' umn. one year, 00 00
1. f six moniqlj 45 00
ti::e 4.30 00
Sny Pe yeir. 80 00
six n-.onths, 60 00
three months 45600
O*, colun'r, ore yeat. 15 Q i
X? :.u fltL~S' 100 CO
SLro3 Tlonthi. 75 00
~~r:, < 1 nIil hb allowed to c',iange
ea. tw~ wiLLOtt cJ~ition tl charge.
c^!trIunicit ons should be addressed
tc ;:i, si I C (X., Vir~t~iia ('It'7, M. T.
1','n:in 'cf crery description csacuted in a
!-". it .;:i .er ::Id at reasonable rate.
Tcrritarinl Officers.
;.,z~r. 'i T:Y EDGEaTON, Bannack City;
,- .'a [1. P.F1L:Y
;:.:Y:.. ýzýt` . i. L. iIOSMIER.
4 · TS .1 s-r·cz. ANEMI 'TDDTN(r,
I.. R. WILLTSTm(.,
A--, \ " . '.. U. M. NEALY, Viriinia Cily;
ci LIK.
r i.r -, :.i:AAL. ,M. hY1)D.
:-s'v-ia JOHIN J. UltL.
C:nt" (lffficers of ]Madison County.
C"."u ('cn-iýrL eMer. J W. S rEReLI.
`" "` FLe:-. K. ,CiLSyT.
Fe . .T~;:r','. Tr'e. C. Jk-z:sr.
L9', lae :T' N. HILL.
I ' a:ci&'. 1:. 1i. AGe '. UAN.
.:aint AA.%,_ur It 1)i~trlct.Jup~ty COOn.
~iiaicy pal Officer e of Virgialia City.
Pea-v Jud3e .*n'1 Et-fjP :jo M-iayor, 6 . B1LSELL.
L'Ce: era of Cronc]1, U. K. W no-PsCPR
ý" ,' AxI. ScewAB,
..farN. Fc " .
?dar: I1 Jmer' 'i-. IA'.
- - a snic.
Th, ro-iwftr c trunicatione of Virginia City
Lodge. U. U., A. F. k A. M., rue e on tLe 2d
:n1 4tL 1ateidav2 In aseek month.
P. 3. FFOLjTS, W. M.
ALx. PAYv., Sect'!.
Fr·.tchir ePrr P Faihth by :;r. A H. ToREET,
of ' A. M. 2t the Court House. Sa bath School
L: 2 ?. MJ. All are iivjlid to atter.d
. F.r Jrry Cook.
YTOPN.YS at Law, Virginia C ty, Montana
;. L. ,c: r.T,.1, [W. T. LoraLL.
3zc¶ATH & LOVEL ,
)t,,7rn..s -: Law, Virginia City, M. ., willpromp
-' -r -:d to all ,rofesaional b:usine entrusted to
tl :- c r-. 1--2m
m:'. 3 : c W. Y. Pnmberto . II. Burns
;cC-rmic,:, Pemberton d Burns.
.::c: :vs ,t Law, Virnini. City, Mo tana Territo
: . . in Co'rtent'i Corner up-eta rs. 1-6m
W. {. EIrFronr,. IR. B. PAariorr. L. W. BonTro'.
.:i. Tows. Col.
Ai'rrr, at Liw. Oince on Idrho t re.t. opposit:
Lt cult .-cu e, Virgi',ia City, Mort a Territory.
?- in
rPoc A . oe maker. Vi'rti.ia City, onrtana Ter
'.e-. Tle best o. custom work ali eve on hand.
ive m' a trrii. 1- i
c , !,k r. ' vsr ad City, Monty a Territory,
v'; to his nomarou, customers that he is at
."- an han". to stuff the mouths of he hungry.
[email protected] :l ." -Gm
. i. N. CI1EPI ,
S.. -.,· .-m .x,1' 'r -, former!v a i ttnt in the
Sd m; i i an lri, arlttach.i to the New
" ; - . Nw ivYork--rrceutly f om flbuau.-.
la . Vjirginia City, opp Vsite toi hay
,I. E 1I.':
. L' Ti
P.ctiarsl at } mr. tr rond J.wele . Partioclar
't.r:~,ti: nid to rep.iring all clarse of watchos.
Y r t ,.f cry wirtch can be made new at this es
I'- : .lt. ', wa r,,,te to give s tisfactron.
€.;I e.smine specimens of Jewel y made from
a -t, v ld. I1-1
I.-(' A.,INA 1IOTEL,
?-eveda Citfy, fMlontaa errilory.
i " _.I; LANGfE, - - - . - .Porstrrao
'i ,i bt1! is situnted on Main stro t, and in the
of .';- City. The t.l sclp lied with the
t t, m:,rket affords, and the s loon furmia ed
d" .:.e !b "L liquors.
R.,an u :d b:- can be had at rea onahi. prices.
• A-'" for board mod erata. 2
,'c, n:::il:dtrd S:lver Ftar Compae . The owner
S' Pi, -i..property and paying for tbisadvertise
!' c.,, Lart the se me at the City Book Store,
jIt, 66 '-i
"ýns+ý Street, opposite ecerder'S
.''il rise B-,s:d azt- Lodging at $14 00 pa week.
T [email protected] who wanI warm. confcrL'4 bia .rd 410&0
hak. ný l" ýr#{ 3.ri.ýrw. lot themn el MaW d
CA RI '3RNr .
Wallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. M' Cane
proprietor. The proprietor announees to his old
friends and the public genually, that he is now
preparad to accommodate boarders by the meal, day
or Week at low rates. "ia table frimihed witth th
but the market aords. - -
Mannfactrrs of JewtIry, Jackson stieet, Vir
ginia lty, M. T. Strict attention given to re
pairing all clases of watches, and warranted to
give sat.sfaction. Keep constantly onhnialarge
assortment of Jewelry. Every thing in om lino
Srade to order at low rates, 1-3m
Hair Dyeing and Cutting Done in
TOM. WHITE, Proplietor.
, ~Wim. DECKER.
Surgeon Dentcist.
tients visited at their residence when defired.
A1 rectfrom the manfaetorie,.
Every d'scription ofJewelry manufactured from
the Native Gold. Call, Examine Specir.en~,
and then judge.
NEVAIDA CITY, Montana Territory.
Virginia City, Sept. 10, 1361.
Real Estate aatn Inlng Agency.
All 'bvsine~ promptly attendod to. O·.e in
Posf Ofice Building
Office on C3vertreet, Vir gins City.
Also Flue Building, and all kinds of brick work
one to ordar. 6--3m
L tans Territory. Offic-. corner of Wallace and
Jackson street, at J. A. King's Store.
1 Shaving and Hair Dressing Saloon
i loth ·ld of Wallace Street, Va. Clt_
LYONS WIWHITE, Proprietors.
1 $--Ty
Wallace St., Next Door to Weary'i
New Bank.
SEc., C., A c.
__4 ,
Idabo strist, Virginia City, M. T. James Gen
nall, proprietor. Keeps constantly on bhand all
kinds of the best lumber, which will be sold at low
rates. _ 1-1y
Nevada City, M. T. Patrick Ryan, proprietor.
All persou: wishing good bread are requestel to
call. Pices low. Also, beer furnished with tls.
hest of drink!. Here is the place to get no honest
loaf, a cake or pie, and "something to wash it
wto . "' 1-0m
Corner of Idaho and Jackson Sts., Vir
ginia City, Montana Territory.
(Formerly of the Planter's House, Hannibal Mo.)
I conducted by Win. Sloan, Esq., having been
enlarg d and re-fitted is now open with every facil
ity for he accommodation of Guests and Boarders.
Comfortable rooms andt beds are provided and the
atble is carefully furnished with the boet tih mor
ket and seasons afford.
Sl'assei.ers for the early Stage Coaches can obtain
good lodgings here aid be wakened at the proper
huur. The patronage of the public is respectfully
solicit d. Wx. J. J.o. A. SHOOT,
4-- " Paoeruoons.
F. C. CoRSELL, 31. D. S. L. F. WARD, M. D.
(:uccassors to)
O.ice on Jackson Street, below Wallace, Virginia
City. Montana Tor itory. . ly-12
Particular attention given to the sale of Live
Stock and Real Estate, sales of Stocks of Goods
in htors. Oifice at the Elephant Corral, Virginia
City, M. T. 3m-18S
Virgntai City ConileIl, No.2, V. L. A.
T s IL. meetrr Tueday evine at 7 'clock.
]V H oe ir Of.e, 0. . BcS, .LIc ie
T. H. 5ir.XIxllT, Roc. se'.'.
r Fdsdtd-c Weof iSi;nate4 a nd House o
Ri p,'ettag:est
AgaJ the blessieg# of health and abun
.dt1 hsarvest acn .otar profoundest grati
tund. to 'Almighty God.
.The o.nditio t of our foreign affairs is
reasonably satisfactory. .Mexico continues
to be a theatre of civil.war, and while our
political relations with that country have
Sundergone no change, we have at the same
time strictly maintained neutrality between
the beligerents at the request of the states
of Costa Rica and Nicaragua. A competent
,ng/ineer.. ~as iea a..haeLisdw. to.'make a
survey of the river San Juan and the port
of San Juan., It is a source of much sat
isfaction that. the difficulties which for a
moment excited s9me political apprehension
and caused a losing of the inter-oceanic
transit route, have been amicably adjusted,
and that there is a good prospect that the
route will soon be re-opened with an in
crease of capacity and adaptation. We
could not exaggerate either the commercial
or the political importance of the great im
provement. It would be doing injustice to
ait important South American State not to
acknowledge the directness, frankness and
cordiality with which.the United States of
Columbia have entered into intimate rela
I tions with this Government. A Claims
Convention has been constituted to coin
plete the unfinished one which closed its
session in 1861. The new liberal constitu
~tn of Venezuela having gone into effect
with the universal acquiescence of thce peo
ple, the g2vernment under it has been rec
ognized, and diplomatic intercourse has
been openedl in a cordial and friendly spirit
The long deferred Avis Island claim has
been satisfactorily paid and discharged.
Mutual pq~ments have been made of the
claims awarded by the late joint commis
sion for the settlement of claims between
the United States and Peru. An earnest
and cordial friendship continues to ('ist
between the two countries, and such efforts
as were in my power have been used i.t re
move misunderstanding and avert a threat
ened war between Peru and Spain. Our
relations are of the most friendly naturo
with Chili, the Argentine Republic, Bolivin,
C ,,ta Rica, Paraguay, San Salvador and
Iayti; during tile past yeer no diua'itrno,
of any kind have arisen with any of ;rs.
Republics, and on the other hand their
k sympathies with the United States, arc
constantly expressed. The claim arising
from the seizure of the brig Macedonian in
1821, has been paid in full by the govern
m nt of Thili.
Civil war continues in the Spanish port
of St. Domingo apparentiy without a Wroe
pect of an early close. Official correspon
dence has bean freely opened with Li:iria,
and it gives us a pleasing view of social and
political progress in that Republic. It may
be expected to derive new vigor from Amer
r ican influence, improved by the rapid dis
apearance of slavery in the United Stater.
I solicit your authority to furnish the re
public a gunboat at a moderate cost, to be
reimbursed to the United States by install
ments. Such a vessel is neede~l for t::
esfety of that Statesagainst the native Af
rican race, and in the Liberian hands it
would be more effective in arresting the
; African slave trade than a squadron in car
own hands. The possession of the least
organized naval force would stimulate a
generous ambition in the republic, and the
,onfidnce which we should manifest by
furnishing it, would win forbtrancrc and
favor towards the colonies from all civiliz
ed nations.
The proposed overland telegraph between
S America and Europe, by the way of Behr
ing's Straits and Artic Russia, which was
s:nctioned by Congress at the last session,
has been undertaken under very favcraLic
circumstances, by an association of Amtur
icar citizens, with the cordial good-wtii
and support, as well of this Go:ernwment as
of those of Great Britain and lCRnia. As
surances have been received from the mast
I of the South American States of their high
N appreciation of the enterprise, and their
- readiness to co-operate in constructing
lines to that world-enciroling communica
tion. I learn with much satisfaction that
- the noble design of a telegraphic cuommuni
cation the eastern coast of America and
Great Britain has been renewed, with full
t expectation of early accomplishment ; thus
it is hoped that with the return of domestic
peace, the country will be able to resume
with energy and advantage, her former
high career of commerce and civilization.
0 ur very popular and estimable representa
tive in Egypt, died in April last, and an
unpleasant-altercation which arose between
the temporary incumbent of the office and
the government of the Pasha, resulted in a
suspension of intercourse. This was
promptly corrected on the arrival of the
n successor of the consulate. Our relations
with Egypt, as well as our relations with
the Barbary Powers, are entirely satisfac
line reCoUiiiuu wauuu uaa ev ivuu uouL tI
progress in China, has at last been sup
pressed, with the co-operating good offices
of this Government, and of the other for
eign commercial States.- The Judicial Con
sular establishment has at last become very
difficult and onerous, and it will need leg
islative regulation to advert it to the ex
tension of our commerce and to the more
intimate intercourse which has been insti
tuted with the government and people of
that vast empire.' China seems to be ac
cepting with 'earty good will the conven
tiol allaws which regulate commerce and
social intercourse ahiong the western na
Owing to the pedulianrsituation of Japan
and the anomalous forti of its government,
antd the.actioh of that etmpire in perform
p ing treaty stipulations is inconsistent and
capricious, neverthetiss, good progress has
been effected by the westtn powers snor
ing with etalghtened concert. Our own
pe·luntir clainims-ate been allowed, or put
in course of settlement, and the Inland Sea
reason also to believe'that these proeed
migs have inoreaser rather than diminished
the friendship of Japan towards the United
The porta of Norfolk, Fernandina and
Pensacola have been opened by przclanma
tion, and it is hoped that foreign merchants .
will now consider whether it is not more
safe or profitable to themselves, as well as
just to the United States, to resort to those
r and other open ports, than it is to pursuti,
through many hazards and ata mrst cost, a
contraband trade with other ports which
are closed, if not by actual military occu
t pation, at least by a, lawful and effective
blockade. For moyeif.L have no doubt of
the povel`aiid Kuty of the Executive under
the law of nations, to exclude the enemies
of the human race from an asylum in the
UniteJ1 States, if Congress should think
that procde:lings in such cases lack the au
thority of law, or uug't to be further repu
diated by ii. I recommend that provision
be made for effectually preventing foreign
slave traders from acquiring domicil and
facilities for their criminal traffic in our
country. It is possible, that if it were a
new and open question, the maratime pow
ers with the right they now enjoy, would
not concede the privileges of a naval bel
f ligerent to the insurgents of te United
States, destitute as they are and always have
Sbeen, equally of ships, ports and harbors.
Disloyal emmisarics have neither been less
assi'ious nor more successful during the
last year than they were before that time,
in their efforts, under favor of that privi
!ego to embroil cur country in foreign wars.
Nevertheless, nnforse.n politicil difficulties
h:ave arisen, especially in British and Bra
zillian ports, and on the northorn boundary
of the Uuitud States, which have required,
andl are likel to require, the practice of
constant vigilance and a just and concilia
tory spirit on the part of the United btates,
as vell as of the nations concerned, atd
tth.ir governm.nts.
Co nminsiiners have been appointed. un
der the treaty with Great Britain on the
ladjustmcnt of ojaims of thie Hudson B;v
and Puget Sound A.gri'ultural Companies,
in Oregon, and are now proceeding to the
cxecut on of the trust nasigned them.
In vi=w of tie insceurity of life in tuh
region adjaeont to the Canadian border by
Srecent a s:.t;,ts al, deprdlatins corimmtte'
-i Inimical and desperate persons who are
harbured tua.:, it is thouxht proper to give
notice, than after the ca; :r'.tion of six
months-the period .c2:litionally stipuatt
i ed in the existing arrangements with ';i-zt
Britain-the United States must hold them
selves at lil:.2rty to increase their naval ar
:nmanr.nt upon the lakes, if they shall "nd
that p:'oceii g noe.essarv. The condition
of'ih"t hirder will nec.esarily come into
censidcration, in connection wiih the oins
tion of con:inuing or moiifying tbg rights
of traunit from Canada through the United
States, as well as the regulation of exports,
which were temporari!v established by the
recinrocity treaty of the 5thl of June, 184.
I dcsi, iho'wever. to be understood while
making this statement, that the Colonial
authoritict are not deemed to b,- intention
ally unjust or unfriendly towards the IUit
ed States. but, on the contrary, there is
every reason to expect that with the ap
proval of the imperial government, they
will t:ke necrsary measures to prevent
n,"w incursions across the border.
The :ac passed at the last session for the
eucourvemient of emigration, has, as far
a s ,posib.le, been put inito operatio.. It
's eci s to need amendment which will ena
ble the olacers of the Government to pre
" vent the practice of frauds against the em
igrants while on their way, and on their
arrival in ports, so as to secure them here
a fair choie2 of vocations and place of set
I tciuent. A liberal disposition towards this
great national policy is manifested by most
o of the European states, and ought to be
reci;rocated on our part, by givinz the em
Sigants efficient national protection. I re
S gard our emigrants as one of the principal I
- replenishing streams which are appointed
tl y Providence to repair the ravages by in
I t:ernal w-ar and its wactes of nat'ional
r: st-enth and wealth. All that is necessary
is to secure the fow of that stream in its
- present fullness, and to that end the Gov
Snment must in every way make it manifest
- that it neither needs nor desigrs to impose
I involuntary military service uplon those who
L'L come from other lands to cast their lot in
our country. a
The financial affairs of the Government s
have been successfully administered dur- g
ing the last year. The requisition of the c
last session of Congress has beneficially i
affected the revenue, although sufficient a
time has not yet elapsed to experience the n
full effect of several of the provisions of a
the acts of Congress imposing increased 1
taxation. The receipts during the year iJ
from all sources upon the basis of warrants b
signed by the Secr,,tarv of the Treasury, i:
including loans and balance in treasury on g
the ist day of July, 1e3, were $1,394.796, c
Ou7 62, andt the aggregate disbursements e
upon the same basis wore $1:,288058,101 89, a
leav:ng a bal:a:e in .he the treasury, as j'
shown by warrants, of $96,739,905 73. t
Deduct from these the amount of the prin- e
cipal and public debt redeemed, and amount
of issue in substitution therefor, and the e
actual cash operatior. of the treasury were: I
receipts, $894.076,646 77; disbursements,
$865,234,087 86-which leaves a balance in r
the treasury of $18,842,558 71. Of the d
receipts there were derived from customs F
$102,316,152 99 ; from lands, $538,333 29; a
from direct taxes, $175,648 96; from in- a
ternal revenue, $109,742,134 10; from mis- r
cellaneoas sources, $4,757,141 310; and r
from -loans applied to actual expenditures, a
including the former balance, $623,443,929- t
12. There were disbursed for civil service,
$27,505.599 46; for pensions and Indians,
$7,517,930 97; for war debt, $60,791,842 97; c
for navy department ý$5 73329 79; for t
interest of public debt 675,421 09- -i
making an aggregate o $8,234,097 86;
and leaving a balance in the trp..sry of
$19,942,559 71, as befoie stated. 'or theif
actual receipts and disbursements for the .
and disbursemnets f~r-the three remaining lp
I quarterb of- the current fiscal year,'
and.the general operatigns of the.treasury
in detail, I refer otu- to the report of
the Secretary of th Treasury.- I- con. b
cur with him in the opinion that the b,
.proportion of the .anies reqkfred to moet s
the expenses consequent upon the war, de
Srived from taxatiob, should be still further =
increased, and I earthestly invite your at- "m
tention to this subject, to the end that there A
may be such additional legiilation as shall &
be required to meet the jit expectations ci
of the secretary.
The public debt on the first day of July s
last, as appears by the be*h.-of the Tree' p
sury, amounted to $1,749,689,499 49; and o,
probably should thl war continue another o0
yealr, that amount may be increased by not ns
far from $500,000,000. Held, as it is, for g
the most part, by our own people, it has be- w
come a substantial branch of national, ei
tItnugu pr ate property. For obvious rea- iu
sons, the more nearly this property can be v
distributed among all the people, the better w
to favor such a general distribution, greater fir
inducements to become .oners, might, per- o
haps, with good, and without injury, 'uv
presented to persons of limited means. w
With this view, I suggest whether it p
I might not be both expedient and competent e
for Congress to provide that a limited
amount of some future issues of public se
curities might be held by any bona ide a
p;:rehaser, excmpt from taxation and from
seizure for debt, under such restrictions o
and limitations as might be necessary to .
guard against the abuse of so important a d
privilege ; this would enable prudent per- n
sons to set aside a small annuity against a
possible day of want. Privileges like these, a
would render the possession of such secur- o
i ities to the amount limited, most desirable
to every person of small means who might
be able to save enough for the purpose.- v
The great advantage of citizens being cred
itors as well as debtors, with relation to the d
- public debt, is obvious. Men will readily
e perceive that they cannot be much oppress
ed by a debt which they owe themselves.
Ther public d'bt ou the first day of Janu- e
ary last, although somewhat exceeeding
the estimate of thle Secretary of the Trea
, . ' 'o tCon,-ress at last sc..:;:,n, falls
short of the estimate of that officer made i
in the pr"ocdin, D.ecer'mdr as to its proba
e ble amount at tho beginning.of this -ear, I
e by the sum of $3,9b5, 079 33. This fact
exhibi:'ts a satisfactory condition and con
duct of the operations of the Treasury. r
t' 1b National banking sy teno is proving
to be acceptable to capitalists and to the
- peopl. On tho 25th of November, 584 c
national banks had been organized, a con
a ciderable number of which were conver
o (ions from State banks. Changes from the
SState system to the National system are
s rapidly taking place, and very soon, it is t
b hopod, there will be in the United States no
bank of issue not authorized by Congress,
e and no note in circulation not secured by
sur iUVI unmUL, LutI zue puopie wiit aerive
general benefit from this change in the !
banking system of the country, can hardly
be questioned. The national system will!
create a reliable and permanent influence
in support of the national credit, and pro
tect the people against loss in the use of
paper money. Whether or not any further I
legislation is advisable, for the suppression 1
of the State bank issues, it will be for Con
gross to determine. It seems quite clear
that the Treasury cannot be successfully
conducted, unless the Government can ex
crcise a restrain'ng power over the bank
note circulation of the country.
The report of the Secretary of War, and
the accompanying documents, wili detail
the campaigns of the armies in the field
since the date of the last annual message,
and also the operations of the several ad
ministrative bureaus of the War Depart
imcnt during the last year. It will also
specify the measures deemed essential
for the national defense, and to keep up and
supply the requisite military force.
The report of the Secretary of the Navy
rresents a comprehensive and satisfactory I
exhihit of the affairs of that Department,
and of the naval service. It is a subject of
congratulation and laudable pride to our
countrymen, that a navy of such vast pro
portions has been organized in so brief a.
period, and conducted with so much effi
ciencv and success. The gfneral exhibit
of the Navy, including vessels under con
struction on the first of December 1864,
shows a total of 671 vessels, carrying 4,G10
crease during the year, over and above all
lopses by shipwreck or in battle, of 83 ves
sels, 100 guns and 42,427 tons. The total
number of men at this time in the naval 1
service, including officers, is about 51,000.
There have been captured by the navy dur
ing the year, 324 'essels; the whole num
ber of captures since hostilities commenced
is 1,300, of which 207 are steamers. The
gross proceeds arising from the same, of
condemned prize property thus far report
ed, amounts to .$14,3'96,250 51. A large
amount of such proceeds is still under ad- 1
judication and yet to be reported. The to
tal expenditures of the Navy Department,
of every description, including the cost of 1
the immense squadrons that bare been call
ed into existence from the 4th of March
1861 to the slet of November 1864, are
$23,667,262 35. Your favorable conside
ration isjnvited to the various recommen
dations of the Secretary of the Navy, es
pecially in regard to a navy yard and a
suitable establishment for the construction
and repair of iron vessels, and the machine
ry and armature for our ships, to which
reference was made in my last annual mes
sage. Your attention is also invited to
the views expressed in relation to the leg
isli4ion at the last session of Congress in
respect to prises in our inland waters. I
cednlially coancur in the recommendation of
the Seoretary as to the propriety of creat
i•ing the new asak of Vice Admiral in oar
Naval service. - . to o
SYour attenteih inritbd to thberi?
the Poetmaster General for a detailed so
count of operations and the finntsial con=
uzuoD oU ag sO 05 b Tgeut The
ipostal erun $or the year endin Jin
30th, 1884, ocnted to *12.438,8 J 78
itheexess . - qrea.ove, receipt
beini g$2O, Th view presented
by the Po G-e, . le oa sbe- ot of
! Pecialganb . the poyernment in.aid oft
the establM ute ot'new lines of ooean
mail steam ships, bd the policy h recom
Saends for the deielopment of .Oa4se4m
commercial intereose wi sj . ad
neighboring countriae should receiva the
careful consideration o.f Coagress.
It is of aoteworthy interest, tha-t5
stsady e~p oaim oea -of mMaA..i
prosement 15 igovernmental inriatiems
I over the new and unoccupied portons f
our country have scarcely been checked,
much less impeded or destroyed by our
great civil war, which, at the frst glaac.
would seem to have absorbed almost the
entire energies of the nation. The organ
isation and admission of the State of N.
vada has been completed in conformity
with the laws, and our excellent system is
firmly established in the moujitaine which
once seemed a barren and uninhabitable
w tte between the Atlantic States and those
which have grown up on the coast of the
Pacific ocean. Tht Territories of the Unit
ed States are, generally, in a condition of
pprosperity and rapid growth. Idaho atid
Montana, by reason of their great distance
and the interruption of communication
with them by Indian hostilities, have been
only partially organired, but it is under
stood that those difficulties are about to
disappear, which will permit their govern
ments, like those of others, to go into speedy
and full operation, as intimately connected
with and promotive of the material growth
of the nation.
I ask the attention of Congress to the
valuable information and important recom
mendations relating to the public lands, In
dian affairs, the Pacific railroad, and min
eral discoveries, contained in the Report of
the Secretary of the Interior, which is here
with transmitted; and which report also
embraces the subjects of patents, pensions,
and other topics of public interest pertain
ing to this Department The quantity of
pulnie land disposed of during the five
quarters ending on the 30th of September
last, was 4,221,342 acres, of which 1,538,
614 acres were entered under the home
stead law. The remainder was lested
wit.h militarv warrs!.t;h agricultural
script, certified to States for railroads and
so'd for cash. The cash receipt from sales
and location fees were $1,019,4J6. The in
come from sales during the fiscal year end
ing June 30, 1864, was $578,007 21, against
$t36,077 95 receipts during the preceding
year. The aggregate of aeres surveyed
during the year has been equal to the quan
tity disposed of, and there is open to pet
tiemont about 133,000,000 acres of surveyed
The great enterprise of connecting the
Atlantic with the Pacific by railroad and
telegraph lines had been entered upon with
a vigor that gives assurance of success.-
Notwithstanding the embarassments arising
from the prevailing high prices of materials
and labor, the route of the main line of the
road has been definitely located for one
hundred miles westward from the initial
point at Omaha City, Nebraska, and a pre
liminary location of the Pacific railroad of
Califoruia has been made from Sacramento
eastward to the great bend of the Truckee
river in Nevada.
Numerous discoveries of cold, salver and
nany heretofore known, and the country
,ounded by the Sierra Nevada and Rocky
Jountains and subordiLate ranges, new
eems with enterprising labor whieh is
ichly remunerative. It is believed that
he products of the mines in that region
uas, during the year, reached, if not ex
eeded $W10)..000;L3 in value.
it was recommrndcd in my last annual
nessage that our Indian system be remed
led. Congress at its last session, acting
in the recommendation, did provide for re
organizing the system in California, and it
a believed that under the present or-aniza
ion, the management of the Indians there
rill be attended with reasonable success.
duch yet remains to hbe done, to provide
or the proper government of the Indians
n other parts of the country, and to ren
or it secure for the advancing settler, and
.o provide for the welfare of the indian.
Ihe Secretary reiterates his reeomnmenda
:ions, and to them the attention of Con
;ress is invited.
The liberal provisions to the invalid sol
liers and saitors of the republic,and to the
widows, orphans and dependent mothers
>f those who have fallen in battle. or died
>f disease contracted, erof wounds receir
Ad in the service of their country, have been
iilligently administered. There have been
admitted to the pension rolls during the
year ending the 30th day of June last, the
names of 16,770 invalid soldiers, and 27I
lisabled seamen, making the present num
ber of army invalid pension '22,767,
and of navy invalid pensions, 712. Of
widows, orphans and mothers, 22,198 have
been placed on the army pension rolls, sad
248 on the navy rolls. The preseni ans
ber of army pensions of this clase is 24,
133,- and of navy pensions, 793. At the
beginning of the year, the number of rev
olutionary pensions was 1,43(--only 13 of
them were soldiers, of whom 8 bave slate
died. The remainder are theed w^h,' n.
der the law, receive pensions because o
relationship torevolutonarg soldier,. Dur
ing the year ending the 30th of Jane 8148,
$4,504.616 92 have been paid to Lpenson
erg af all classes.
I cheerfully comusaea tojoa)r So Pui4
patronge, the benevoleat 'ti g ltioms of
the District of Columbia, whikAke Jtiil.
erto been established or b S!y Cm
gres, and ,espectf.ally tefer
tion coneeming them igp
Washting~to agaed
er matters o
the Secretary.
teomm *. ~43s aklt.) *.

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