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The Montana post. [volume] (Virginia City, Montana Territory [i.e. Mont.]) 1864-1869, March 11, 1865, Image 2

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D. W. TILTON & CO., Pr.p let
t-o, 1865
Na T tc.RAPi.--We go to press without
any'telegr:pbii e news from the East. The
Salt Lake exchanges are full of reports of
tle wiresbcing down for hundreds of miles,
but the latest news says it is being repaired
as fast as poles can be hauled.
Bleached Out.
Once more we are enabled to appear be
fore our readers in our natural color; but
how long it may be in our power to do this,
we cannot tell. The state of the roads is
frightful. The Overiand coaches cannot
carry any freight and were it not for the
considerate courtesy of the agents in for
warding our present supply we must have
remained in our sad colored garb. We are
also indebted to the kindness of General
Coinor, the tntelary genius of the Union
Vedetlc at Camp Douglas, who with his un
failing generositv has supplied our want of
manterial, so as to enable us once again to
present a white sheet to our subscribers,
before the arrival of our own stock. But
for this timely aid, we might have been
comnpelled to suspend printing entirely, for
want of paper.
Important to Recorders.
The act relating to the records of mining
districts, provides that such records shall
be deposited with the recorder of the coun
ty in which such district is situate, on or
before ninety days after we publish the
same, and shall then become a part of such
county records, and evidence in the courts
of tie Territorv of whatever they may con
tain concerning lead, lwater, ranch and mill
It is furthar made the duty of recorders
of districts, within ninety days after we
shall publish said act, (which we shall try
and do next w.Cek.) to deposit said records
with thi, county recorders of the county in
which such district is situate, and in the
event of a faiiure so to do they are liable
to a fine of $1,00'J and an imprisdnment for
one year, and are also liable in a civil ac
tion to all persons damaged. Furthermore,
the district recorders are required to pay
fifty cents to the county recorder for taking
such records, and if the county recorder
fails or refuses to take the xeccrds, he is
liable to a like flue. So take hoed Messrs.
Recorders of mining districts and countics !
The . a Uificatlon et the Decree of tho
On Friday the 3rd inst., the Congress of
the United States adjourned, and on Sat
urday last the 4th of March, 1865, Abraham
Lincoln-we might well say " by the grace
of God "-the choice of the people of this
Ilepublic, delivered his address from the
Eastern front of the Capitol.
We ha e scant respect for state ceremon
i:d on vrdinary occasions, but the present
is.a momentous crisis in the history of the
worll. How different are the auspices un
der which the President will now confront
the people, when compared with the mel
ancholy and gloomy omens that surrounded
him, on his first appearance as the Chief
Magistrate of our great Republic. Treason
not only vaunted in public of the coming
overthrow of the nation, but the loyal man
scarce knew whether to trust the wife of
his bosom or the child of his hopos and his
prayers. Men had drunk of the cup of
rebellion till they had become mad, and
the higher their position, the more reckless
were they of the breach of all those en
gagements that should bind them to a life
lJng and unswerviug allegiancu to the
Constitution and Government, which had
raised them to the proud rank they held
auPoag the, nations of the world. Empty
arsenals, traitorous officials, cold friends,
bloodthirsty foes, a purposely scattered and
totally insufficient naval and military force,
together with a plundered treasury-these
were the Nation's means of offence and de
fence-and yet, thanks to the Lord of Hosts,
how stands it to-day ? New Orleans, Sa
vannah, Mobile, Charleston, Wilmington,
Vicksburg, Richmond are either ours, or
closely ipvested,.without hope of succor.
The fist year has seen the defeat of Price,
and his expulsion from Missouri; the
downfall of Morgan and the overthrow of
JLood ; the briUiant victories of Sheridan ;
thb triumphal march of Sherman; the in
vestiture of Richmond, the capture of WYil
mington and Savannah and the forts at
Mobile while the famed Atlanta is a pile
of ruins. Missouri has emancipated her
plaves. The .jubilant foe encountered,
checked and overcomne, sees with despairing
glance, the onward surging of .the tide of
ictOrry, which is destined to quench, for
eve..th. cruel and devouring flames of
oruar4I rebellion.
The people have spoken, and, at their
,eicei a body of men true and loyal will
fill the halla of Congress. Tles chief judi
ciary is no loager a nullity,; the reseurces
of thbpatiOn M'developipgasd aostaining
the conflict. Foreign nations tremble and
#tadda4og,!ard.Abe sua of poaspe.ity, an
_eaIpledbeaams on the Lov.al'Sttesc On
th.e qmaside, :.ll ei hope and ,aeearanoe of
paecesa.op thy other, misery, r in.an d de
spair. Win tqhlist blow shall be struk,
and th..ladrt-quoakte oie of victory ,0ises
nn0gntisoled, may thIo merey re lad'ktadness
o(*b rviotors ha lw forever the alemory
of~ tir valiant dail,..;
We schl goon receive the Inaugural Ad
dai ,;zl 4 in it the policy of tee Govern
mht w1till be m. d nown.
Oar Palbllo cheooel
Thbairs and best ingitu n, ir any lo
cality, is a good school No exoation can
be admitted ; for, whin the school is want
ing the minister finds his hands tied,'and
his labors thwarted where his efforts should
bemost effectual, that is, among the young
It is a blessed thing for humanity, that
there are some things in which all good
men can join, and which, by their evident
innocence and general usefulness, disarm
the opposition even of the wicked. They
ate like oases in a desert, Foremost on the
list of the neutral grounds where opponents
stack arms and cry truce, when they meet,
is the Public School House. Virginia City
has not one. This state of things should
not be allowed to remain a single month,
unremcdied. It is a matter exciting the
utmost astonishment among foreigners,
that the American can at once and with a
facility unknown, save in his own country,
adapt himself to a new order of things,
and, as with the wave of an enchanter's
wand, extract peace, order and material
prosperity, out of the very elements of so
cial chaos. No where has this national
peculiarity been more vividly exemplified,
than in the metropolis of Montana. There
are good laws, regular civic rule, and safe
ty for person and property, equalling the
immunity from danger and loss possessed
by the inhabitants of the largest cities.
One thing is wanted to crown the arch of
triumph-a system of public instruction.
In view of the present state of affairs, we
would say, let a Board of the most compe
tent citizens be selected with a sole view to
their knowledge of the subject, say seven
men-two from each Ward-and one elect
ed by the whole city, as president. Let
these be empowered, by ordinance, to erect
a commodious school house, two stories
high, each flat capable of accommodating
about sixty or seventy children. This build
ing should be comfortably seated and fur.
nished ; for children never learn when un
comfortable. It should be especially warm,
airy, and well ventilated. It is not likely
that one intelligent voice will be raised
against such a scheme. Two teachers, a
male and a female, can manago with effi
ciency about one hundred and twenty schol
ars, or even more, by the aid of the moni
torial system among the beginners. The
Commissioners by constantly making short
visits, can insure the success of the school.
Meddlesome officials do much harm; but
apathetic men do infinitely more. Per
haps the most important single superviso
ry clause that can be introduced is one
making it imperative on the Board to visit
the school once a fortnight, in couples, by
Let teachers be selected who, having the
necessary scholarship, possess also the
power to impart what they kuow. Very
few individuals have this faculty, and there
fore, we see so few thoroughly well inform
ed persons. Education instead of being
a universal leaven, permeating and elevat
ing the entire moral system, is patchy, like
a field of frosted wheat. Long stretches of
ignorance separate cultivated spots; fluen
cy of speech with a flippant superficial
style mark the victim of shallow and incom
petent instructors. In this sense we may
adopt the otherwise false logic of the
poet's dictum
" A littl? lesaring is a danserous things"
Knowledge is useful, ornamental and
conservative-smartness its counterfeit--is
the quality that empties purses, fills jails,
and substitutes for the wisdom and benev
olence of a well trained man, the artifice of
the monkey, and the selfishness of4be hog.
It is of paramount importance that subor
dination complete and uuhcsitating should
be matintained.
I.ebellion must be put down in a summa
ry and severe manner; but the whole.ques
tion of discipline does not lie with the
teacher, but with the people. If the pub
lic school is supported and sustained by the
exertions of the people, one rod may last
for a century; but if the desire to be
thought well of by visitors, superintend
ents and the citizens at large is not im
planted by a manifestation of interest and
appreciation on the part of parents, guar
dians and relations, an ox load of willows
may be uselessly expended in case-harden
ing those whom encouragement would have
aroused to emulation, and allured into the
path of virtue and sober self-reliance. Un
der a systematic neglect or spasmodic in
terest, this road will ever remain, to many,
an inaccessible pass through a " terra in
cognita," All means should be taken to
make education pleasant, and a library
ought to be provided for the use of the pu
pils, as soon as possible. A child who does
not read, and love reading will never make
a scholar-the thing is impossible. Of
course the system of instruction will vary,
more or less, in detail, with the habit of
thought, custom and training of the teach
er; but, the catechetical system is unques
tionably the best that can be adopted. It
saves an immensity of time, and enables the
teacher to see, at a glance, what is needed,
and how to supply the deficiency. None
but your genuine teacher knows how com
pletely the most sagacious outsiders are de
ceived by the apparent knowledge of chil
dren. they will answer several difficult
questions, to the satisfaction of all the
hearers, and yet, an experienced instructor
knows, and can show by a few well timed
questions, that the pupil is utterly igno
rant of the meaning of his own deilnition,
and destitute of any foundation for his ap
parently wide spread knowledge. As an
instance, among many, there are some six
teen weights and' measures to be learned
by pupils, as a preparative to their entering
upon the study of commercial arithmetic.
N.ow we have often heard these tables re
neated by rote, more or less accurately,
hut rarely did we And children who knew
any more about what they were saying,
than a "jack-' does about his load-viz :
that it is heavy and hard to carry. The
explanation of these rudiments of arith
metical statistics is a small education, for
younag minds, easily mastered, delightful to
the childre, giving them a habit of en
qury4 and imphating a desire to get at the
root of matters, worth a thousand fold
uore than all the labor bestowed upon it.
The same is true of all brauebes -spelling,
for exampl, should be tau t progreispvely
of course~ Intelligent *ldren te years
old and lwards should first ep' 'then
define. 4ltly they saild be taug o .in
corporlte thQ ord ftven it a lMItencTe6
In short, the motto of the school, written
in large letters over the platform, should.
be "Understandest thou what thou read
Iest2" ,- _ . J
Drill in acommat se dil soud 'b ez
act and military. Children like it. It im
proves their health and abates the weariness
of joutine. Where it is thorough, the
scholarship is good, as a rule': bbut ahere
children move like sheep, or behave like
the Israelites when they had noking, slove
enliness of thought follows lounging gait,
stodOed shoulders, and inaccurate speech,
as surely as thunder follows lightning.
Boys and girls learn beat together.' Their
seats only should be separated. The ut
most decorum must be enforced; while, at
the same time, the teacher should parties
larly eneourage civility, politeness and
abnegation of self, in all the intercouse of
the pupils. Such a plan produces the hap
piest results. Both sexes are elevated, and
never did we know an instance of a boy
thus trained, who ever treated a woman
unworthily; Ahile, on the other haird, no
girl so reared and treated will ever forget
her own dignity, or assume the ruAd for
wardness of tone and bearing which many
mistake for independence of feeling.
Our lthy Government.
Virginia City, M. T.,
March 9th, 1865.
EDITORS OF THE PosT: At the request of
the City.Council, made at its last regular
session, I solicit a place in your columns to
correct-so far as a statement of facts may
enable me to do so-some of the many mis
apprehensions which seem to be entertained
by a very considerable portion of our citi
zens, in regard to the action of the Council
in the inauguration and conduct of the city
govei nment, and, if it be possible, to silence
the silly and unfounded rumors, which,
either ignorance or design has put in circu
lation here and which have obtained cur
rency elsewhere, to the prejudice of the
city and of those who have been entrusted
with the management of its public affairs.
In doing so I am not unaware of the fact
that there are those who will neither stop
to reason nor pause to reflect, but I trust
that there is no good citizen, who has the
well being of our young municipality at
heart, who will not gladly aid in applying
the corrective to the mischief, which the
babbling of busy-bodies is, perhaps, in
tended, ;f not calculated to produce.
During the brief canvass preceding the
election which r.sulted in the choice of the
present Mayor and Board of Aldermen,
they, without exception, on every fitting
occasion, openly and unreservedly pledged
themselves, in the event of their election,
to an economical administration of the city
government, and to make the burdens of
taxation as light as possible, consistent with
the maintainamnce of good government and
a proper discharge of their official duties.
I stand upon the record when I say that
the pledge has been most rigidly kept.
Yet a fortnight had not elapsed after the
installation of the new government-and
while its officers were struggling to give it
form and feature-before the city was rife
with rumors and filled with complaints
about the extravagance and recklessness of
the City Council. It was said that our
business men-many of them-were leavr
ing, or preparing to leave, driven away by
heavy licenses and burdensome taxation,
and imaginations diseased or delighted rev
elled in predictions as to the speedy death
and decay of the city under the heavy load
of taxation to which it was being subjected.
Yet at that time not one dollar of taxation
had been levied, nor had a tax ordinance
been even drafted or considered. Not until
now has anything in the shape of a general
tax been sought to be imposed. It is true
that a license ordinance, applicable to per
sons engaged in certain kinds of business
-such as auctioneers, peddlers, pawnbrok
ers, saloon keepers, gambling houses, etc.,
hid been passed, but complaints of the
character to which I have alluded, did not,
as a general thing, emanate from these per
sons, who alone, of all others, had cause
or pretext to complain-nor have they fled
the city. That many persons have gone
away temporarily or otherwise, and that
more, probably, will go-attracted by the
inducements for money-getting elsewhere
is true; and it is true also that Nevada,
without any incorporation, has suffered a
loss of population, from the same causes,
as great in proportion as our own; but
that a single business man has left Virginia
in consequence of the imposition of any
tax or license by the City Council, I do not
believe, nor can I share the real or pretend
od apprehensions of those who foresee a
Mencral exodus from this city-doomed to
desolation by a city government which asks
fifteen thousand dollars in Treasury notes
to meet the necessary expensje of the cur
rent year.
A reference to the compensation received
by the several city officers and a few other
facts, will sufficiently illustrate the econo
my which is being practiced by the City
Council in the way of expenditures. The
Mayor and members of the Council receive
no pay, and in addition to the bestowal of
their time and labor, bear their proportion
of the burden of taxation imposed for the
maintainence of the city government; the
City Clerk, who, at first got his compensa
tion in fees, now has a salary of two thou
sand dollars in Treasury notes; the City
Treasurer gets a per centage, but receives
no salary from the city; the City Marshal
gets his compensation in fees and not from
the city; the Police Magistrate gets no sal
ary; the City Attorney has a salary of four
hundred dollars a year in Treasury notes;
the Street Commissioner, two thousand dol
lars a year in Treasury notes, for his ser
vices as commissioner' and day oliceman;
the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department
a salary of six hundred dollars in Treasury
notes for his services as such and day po
liceman; and two night policemen, one
hundred and fifty dollars each per month
in Treasury notes--making an aggreg.te of
eight thousand and six hundred doilals a
year for the salaries of the sevetral city
officers. The .auncil rents a room for fri
ty dollars per month, which is made to
answer the purposes 'of a eouoeil ehamb r
and for offices for the City Clerk, Polibe
Magistrate, City Attdrney and Marshbl.
An expense of not to exceed one hundred
and fifty dollars i Treasury notes has been
incurred for office furniture;- repairs hae
been made on the city jail to the asaonttt of
about one hundred and sixty dolit in
Treasury notes; there has been some out
Ilrp g Matioery,,.~Vood, pandreq, blatis
for liencts, etc. meet II of wbieh said
seveIl items oa pense ihd tbhe wh
may ecrue i e course the ar, e
Cit uncil Ls, after fdil cosulta
with many of our leading citizens, adopted
a special license system, embracing all
kinds of business and classes of citizens.
'eblicensej ut;a imposed will be the quly
tax levided' y Thitety Council for the cur
rent year. The advantages gained by this
method of rafsing revenue-and which have
led to its adoptigaTare that.the burden of
supposting the city ,gdvernment is more
equally distributed; that the tax will fall
lighter upon the chiisene, while the revenue
which it is believed can be thus derived will
be greater, and can be assessed knd collect
ed without the feeessity of employing an
assessor or collector. Sorne of the licenses
first adopted, upon reflection, have been
since modified or reduced, and the Clerk's
fee for issuing licenses fixed by ordinance
at one dollar each in currency. The police
force as originally organized has been re
duced to the lowest possible number, cojn
sistent with the 'public quiet and safety;
and wherever and in whatever respect re
trenchment has become either necessary or
possible, there and in that respect has the
hand of retrenchment been promptly and
unsparingly laid.. Here then is the mate
rial and all of the material out of which
somebody-instigated by some feeling or
stimulated by some purpose, into which I
do not care to enquire-has manufactured,
for the ears of the credulous, the silly
stories which have been so current on the
streets for a week or two past. That there
should be nurmurings and complaints
and some of them,perhaps, just-from the
introduction of municipal authority into a
young city, is not a matter of surprise;
were it otherwise, in our case, Virginia City
hitJ~;ll~~ r~~
would indeed prove an exception to incor
porations of a similar character; it is,
however, both a matter of surprise and re
gret that good citizens should lend counte
nance and give currency to such foolish
and improbable stories-as have been din
ned in the ears.of the public for some time
past-instead of visiting them with the
contempt and ridicule they deserve.
There are those, too, who manifest a wil
lingness, if not a pleasure, in' throwing
every obstacle in the way of the city gov
ernment and in embarrassing its operations,
who do not hesitate to declare thal they are
but temporarily here and purpose an early
removal to some other point, or perhaps
from the Territory altogether. Such being
the case, how unfair and unjust for th.cs
who claim no permanent Intcrest in the
city, to seek to cramp the ;aergles and
cripp!e the efforts of those who, imbued
witu firmer faith and who having identified
themselves more closely with the interests
of the city, have not hesitated to shoulder
responsibility and incur, in some measure,
public odium in giving to the people, who
have charged them with that dvy, the bene
fits of a well-ordered and well-conducted
city government. Most certainly the object
is a laudable one, and instead of meeting
with a factious opposition from any class
of our citizens-no matter what their ulti
mate purposes may be-should receive at
least tneir quiet acquiescence, if it cannot
entitle itself to their encouragement and
I speak from personal observation and
from facts within my own knowledge, when
I say th:tt the May.or and City Council bove,
from their first meeting and in all their
proceedings, steadily adhered to a system
of the most rigid economy in the manage
ment of the affairs of the city, and have
labored faithfully and diligently to promote
its highest and best interests. Yet its action,
from the first, has been persistently and
studlously misrepresented. Is this right ?
Is it fair? Is it just? I put it to those who,
if they have not approved, have not frown
ed upon the efforts of those who would have
the public censure without knowledge and
condemn without proof.
The Council asks of the people the sum
of $15,000 in Treasury notes, to enable it
to carry on the affairs of the corporation
for one year. Is it so enormous--so extrav
agant as to give room, much less license
for the misrepresentations and falsehoods
which have been peddled and propagated
to its prejudice? The wonder should be
that so small a sum can be made adequate
to meet the demands o? the city govern
inent. I venture to assert that there is no
city in the West, of similar size and im
portance, the municipal affairs of which
are carried on for anything like that sum.
Omaha City-a place not larger than our
own-levies an annual tax of not less than
sixty thousand dollars; Nebraska City lev
ies fifty-five thousand; Kansas City over
forty thousand, and St. Joseph one hun.
dred thousand. What then is there so ap
paling in the estimate of fifteen thousand
for Virginia-whose ability and resources
her citizens would not willingly, I imagine,
have underrated; possessing these, what
must we think of the spirit or disposition
that would subordinate private safety, pub
lic order and the general march of improve
men.t, to considerations purely personal or
wholly selfish. I am aware that the ques
tion is asked and iterated in multiplied
forms, what is the necessity of this tax?
and what consideration do we receive for
it? Reduced to its essence the real qges
tion is, what is the riec.ssity for a city
government at allj It is foreign to my
present purpose to enter upon the discus
sion of this question-even were it an open
one-but I may, with propriety, answer it
by asking what was the necessity for that
mysterious organization in the early history
of this city, which, in the absence of courts
-the judicial machinery of the govern
YwaYt....a~r +1. .A~ .~l~....1 -.
ment-aacretly and silently knitted itself
together, and which, upon the advent of the
tribunals of justice, glided imperceptibly
back into the shadows from which it sprung.
Let the scaffolds of last winter bear testi
wony. To supply--so far as our own im
mediate community is concerned-the place
of organisations which ante-dated the reign
of law and order, we have a city govern
ment, the energies and resources of which
are being directed and must be directed
to the advaneoment and promotion of our
permanent interests-just budding into
promise and importance--ndto the protec
tidn. and security of the persons and the
property A'f our citisens. Every good citi
son who feels himself to be:identified with
the. city in its interests, its prosperity and
its generaLwelfare, must feel it to be'his
duty to make some individual sacrifices for
the public good-shating, as he does, in
the common benefits of the government of
which ho Id a member, and enjoyintg its
tllesst protection. I feel every confidenee
that with'.the eordial eo0operation of our
-itieas, the City Council will be enabled
to administer the affairs of the city, with
crii;t to it and esa·sfactIon to *m- s
pamsing blessings while posin mrdens
$d fortifying the faith d our p.ople and
the country in our ability, our teso...s
'ndour destiny, as the fatare setroklis
as well as the present aepital city of Mon
tana. J.o. C. Teaa,
City Attorney.
AL Or4rInUeaw,
Extending the provisions of an ordinance entitled,
A" Ar ordinance concerning the iasuing of licnm
as,," passed February 16th, 1865.
ARCTICLE L.-Ga .asaa Paovlsoas.
Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of
S. 1. That in addition to the licenses provided for
in an ordinance entitled, " An ordinance concern
ing the issuing of licenses," passed February 16th,
1865, licenses may be issued as hereinafter provided.
S2. All licenses issued in pursuance of the pro
visions of this ordinance, shall be issued in the same
manner and subject to the samne restrictions and
limitations, except as hereinafter provided, as pro
vided in the ordinance concerning licensee, passed
Februsry 16th, 1865.
S1. Any person or persons who shall do, or at
tempt t> do basiness in this city as merchants, with
out having obtained a license therefor as hereinaf
tar provided, shall forfeit and pay to said city for
each offence a sum not less than twenty-five dollars
nor more than one hundred dollars, with cdits of
suit: Provided, That the term merchant, as ased in
this ordinance, esbtl be deemed to include all whole
sale dealers in dry goods, clothing, groceries, ha.d
ware, liquors, produce and provi-ions.
j 2. Persons doing business as merchants in this
city shall, for the purposes of this ordinance, be di
vided into grades or classes, and licenses may be is
sued as hereinafter provided, proportioned in amount
to the grade or class to which the person or persons
to whom such license may issue may belong. Mer
chants whose yearly business shall not exceed ten
thousand dollars shall constitute the first clam;
those whose yearly business shall exceed ten thou
sand and not exceed twenty thousand dollars, shall
constitute the second class; those whose yearly
busiuu:s shall exceed twenty thousand dollars and
not exceed thirty thousand dollars, shall constitute
the third class; and those whose yearly business
shall exceed thirty thousand and not exceed :orty
thousand dollars, shall constitute the fourth class.
a 3. Licenses may be granted to applicants under
this ordinance as follows: If belonging to or falling
under the irst class, as provided in the foregoing sec
tion, upon payment to the city clerk for the use of
said city the sum of ten dollars per six months; if
belonging to or falling under the second class, such
applicant shall pay to the city clerk for the use of
said city the sum of twenty dollars per six months;
if belonging to or falling under the third class,
such applicant shall pay to the city clerk for the
use of msaid city the sum of thirty dollars per six
months; if belonging to or falling under the fourth
class, such applicant shall pay to the city clerk for
the use of said city, the sum of forty dollars per
six months; and in all cases where the yearly husi
ness of any applicant under this article shall exceed
forty thobold ilol'rs, suc`. applicant shall pay to
the cic:y clerk, for the use of said city, in addition
to the sun to be provided to be paid by applicants
belonging to the fourth class, the lum of ten dollars
for every ten thousand dollars in excess of forty
thousand dollars, per six months.
1 Any person or persons who shall keep any ho
tel, boarding house, restaurant, or eating house,
where regular meals are served, in this city, without
having first obta:ined a license therefor, as herein
after i.rovided. shall forfeit and pay to said city for
each and every offence, a sum not less than five dol
lars nor more than twenty-five dollars, with costs of
. 2 No license shall be granted to any person ap
plying therefor for any of the purposes enumerated
m the preceding section, until such applicant shall
have paid to the city clerk, for the use of said city
the sum of ten dollars per six moontb: Provides,
That no license heretofore granted to the keeper of
any hotel, boarding house, restaurant, or eating
house ..or the sale of spirituous or malt liquors, or
for any purpose whatever, under any ordinance here
tofore p.ssed shall be deemed to meet the require
meuts of this article.
1 Any person or parsons who shall do business
as druggists or apothecaries in this city, without
having first obtained a license therefor, as hereinaf
ter provided, shall forfeit and pay to said city for
each and every offence a sum not less than twenty
five dollars, nor more than one hundred dollars with
costs of suit.
S2. No license shall be issued to any person ap
plying tlherefor, for any of the purposes enumerated
in the preceding section, until such applicant shall
have paid to the city clerk, for the use of said city,
the sum of twenty dollars per six months : Provided,
That no person shall be allowed to sell any drug or
medicines, (except patent medicines,) without first
baying procured a license therefor as provided by
this sestion.
1 Any person or persons not hereinbefore enu
merr.ted, who shall engage in any retail trade or
business, including confectioners and bakers, butch
ers, tobacconists, milkmen, books (whether for sale
or hire,) and stationery, in this city, without first
having obtained a liceinse therefore, as hereinafter
provided, shall forfeit and pay to said city for each
and every offence, a sum not less than ten dollars
nor mncre than fifty dollars and costs of suit.
Q 2 No license shall be issued to any person ap
plying therefor, for any of the purposes enumerated
in the preceding section, until such person shall
have paid to the city clerk, for the use of said city,
the suar of thirty dollars per six months.
ARTICLE VI.-ArroaNgy s, PYarsIcIAs, D..itsTs
1 Any person or persons who shall pursue the
profession of Attorney, Physician or Surgeon, Den
tist, or Assayer, in this city, without having first
obtaind a license therefor, as hereinafter provided,
shall forfeit and pay to said city, for each offence,
a sum not less than ten dollars nor more than fifty
dollars and costs of suit.
Q 2 No license shall be Granted to any person ap
plying therefor, for any of the purposes enumerated
In the preceding section, until such applicant shall
have paid to the city clerk, for the use of said city,
the sum of ten dollars per six months.
1 Any person or persons who shall engage in
any banking or'brokerage business in this city,
withour having first obtained a license therefor, as
hereinafter provided, shall forfeit and pay to said
city for each and every offence a sum of not less than
twenty Ave dollars, nor more than one hundred dol
lars and costs of suit.
2 No license shall be granted to any pwon ap
plying therefor under this article, until su:h appli
cant ahall have paid to the city clerk for the use of
amid city, the sum of eighty dollars per six months.
1 Any person or persons who rhall engage in
the busaees of manufacturing or brewing ale or beer,
or wholesaleing the same, in this city, without hav
ing first obtained a license therefor, as hereinafter
provided, shall forfeit and pay to said city for each
and every offence, a sum not less than twenty-Ire
dollars nor more than one hundred dollars and costs
of suit.
$.2. No license shall be granted to any person ap
plying therefor under this article, until such appli
cant shall have paid to the city clerk, for the use of
said city, the sum of eighty dollars per six months.
ARTICLE IL.--BiLDsans LAD Cowruacroas.
j1 ny person or persons who shall masge in
the business of beilra or coatsectors, in this city,
and whose contract are over two thQun&dolla,
pa. a a=, ad who siaU promtg said ludnai
w4hout first having obtained a licenee thertor, as
hersi ter provided, shall forfeit a4 y to said
city for each and every .fence, a sum not les than
ten dollars, nor more than fifty dollars and costs of
S2 No license shall be granted to any p,-n a
plying therefor under this article until mlam app
eFt shall have paid to the city clerk, for te Pase
said city, thesuman of ten dollars per sia mouths; and
if the a-otcts of maid bilder or e ot"tat shall
asensd re tLsousad adn no ucsuced ter thousatd
six movsa , ad if ove tern adotata d__igllers, the
sum of thirty dollars per sii months.
ARTICLI . XM--Mlmvwrumo.
S1 Any person or persons who bshall egsagg in
a.y thtd of iwufnctirw neludin g ci tdiag -rns
or Jeweilry of any kind, turnitqre, ti, shee: iron
or aer Vo, boots, shoe, nddhe, ha·rme, .
ing, .Padle, or other thi ý ,ng
mye onmsio t to a oct,.mtmo or ""-'nas, wit.
era ir b obtained a Leans. therefor, as hrr
state.#roided, shall forfeit and pay to aid city fo
ealined every ofence a sam not less than tn dol
lars nor more than ffty dollara and costs of o:h
Provided, that if any sseb peson sahb ha· vuiak
ott a retailer's license under this ordinance he shall
not be reqired to take out a further licaens ea
( 2 No license shall be granted to any person
plying therefor under this article until sah snl- a
cant shall have paid to the city clerk for the h of
sid city the sum of ten dollars per six matha
Provided, that if such person shall have i'·*
in such business a sum of more thd, one t'noaab.
and not exceeding five thousand dollars hes.b.l ay
tthe sum of ftee dollars per six noats ad if
over five thousand dollars then twenty dollars per
six months.
ARTICLE XI.-Paiurras A.n DAuansax As.
d 1 Any person or persons who shall pursue the
occupation or bush.es of a painter or dagerres
artist, in this city, without hsvin;, obtime. a ai
cense therefor as hereinafter provided, shall forfeit
and pay to said caty for Ruch and every offenc
sum of not less than ten dollars nor Imore tlam
dollars and costs of suit. '
2 No license shall be issued to any pe,,n e.
plying therefor under this article until such p
cant shall have paid to the city chlrk for the r,,2 of
said city thesum of ten doilari for daguerrmn at
tists and twenty dollars' for painters per sx . nth.
. 1 Any person or persons who shall con'uct ny
job or news printing press in this city without hav
ing irst obtaned a license therefor, as hreitftr
provided, shall forfeit and pay to said city for eac,
and every offence, a sum not less than twenty do,.
lars nor more than one hundred dollars and costs of
2 No license shall be granted to any person p
plying therefor under this article until such appli
cant shall have paid to the crity clek for the use of
said city the sum of forty dollars per six months.
ARTICLE MLII.--Mr.cuAxics.
1 Any person or persons who shall engage is
any mechanical business in this city and who shall
have invested in such business a sum greater than
five hundred dollars, without first having obtained
a license therefor, as hereinafter provided, shall for
feit and pay to said city for each offence a aru not
less than five dollars nor more than ten dollars and
costs of suit.
ý 2 No license shall be issued to any person ap.
plying therefor under this article, until such appli
cant shall have paid to the city clerk for the usn of
said city the sum of ten dollars per six months :
Provided, that no mechanic who shall have taken
manufacturer's license in accordance with the pro
visions of the tenth article of this ordinance shall
be required to take out a license unmder this article.
ARTICLE XIV.-3'xasc:u.L.rýaOS.
1 Any person orpersons who shall keep .- live
ry stable (doing a general livery business) or corrrl
in this city, without havinu obtained a lic. se
therefor as hereinafter provided, sha!l forfeit and
pay to said city a eum not less than ten dollars Lor
more than fifty dollars and costs of sui:.
ý 2 No licuse shall b; issuad to any person Op
plying therefor under this article until such appli
cant shall have paid to the city clerk for the rse of
said city the sum of fifty dollars for a livery st.tle
and twenty-five dollars for a corral plr six r.onths.
( 3 Any person or persons who shall ceange in
any trade, pursuit or business, nrot herei:hefore
enumerated, amounting to over one thousand dol
lars per annum, without having obtained a licnuse
therefor, as hereinafter provided, .alln forfeit and
pay to said city a sum not loss than ten dollars nor
be more than fifty dollars and costs of suit.
S4 No license shall b. issued to ary person on
plying therefor under this article until -:uch appli
cant shall have paid to the city cle-k for the use of
said city the aum of ten dollaua per sir months.
f. . The mayor or city council arehereby autbor
izep to order the iasuin, of a lica.. e for any of the
purposes contemplated in this ordinance to any per
son or persors iapplying therefor, who hall lhare
compliA with the requirnemnts thereof.
6 In all cas.s where application may b' mcds*
for licenser under the proeisions of this orui.nrnes
and where the amount otfsuch license is to bedeter
mined by the amount of bu-inesk dore dnrin; a gira n
period, or cvp;ital invested in such busiineis te pFr
son or persons applying for such license shall be re
quired to give a true states:ent of the asmoaet of
his, or their ben.iine ov ewital i.rvste and if the
city clerk he not satisi 1d with such e;.:tUnert be
may require such applicant to make oath to to*
correctnese thereof. In determinin-; the ..ncunt of
the yearly business of ary applicart for a !ieran
under the provisions of tLis ordinance th5 vesr next
preceding the time of making such :ailication
shall be taken.
. 7 All license herein provide] for sLi,1: become
due and payable upon the pu.blication of this or
dinance, and no such license shall .c granted for a
less period than six months.
Passed 7th March, 1305.
A House and lot on .Jackson stre.t, next door to
the Planter's House. For particulars apply to
Rockfellow & Dennee. corner of Wallace anl Jac:
son streets, Virginia City. "-tf
Fir Sale
The Kentucky Corral, sit unted on the corner of
Broadway and Warren streets, m Virginia City,
containing nearly an acre of land. This corral is
one of the beet in the city, and will be sold very
low. Enquire of T. C. JONES,
2--2t Agent.
.'t ice.
OTICE is hereby given, that I have been ap
pointed receiver of the property and p rtner
ship effects of the firm of Harper & Hivson. And
all settlements must be made with the underi ue..
Persons indebted to said firm are notified that they
must se ttle immediateiy. A. SINGLETON,
Feb. 10, 1365. 4.r-325 Receiver.
A IE prepared to do all kinds of Plastering in
Workmanlike manner and at a low figure, the
both having served many years at th' bus-ii . I
you want a good job done, give them a call. For
further particulars enquire at Grfii:h & Thompson'"
Store, Idabo Street.
A. J. OLIVER & Co's.,
Lxpress Line,
To Bannack, coutinues to run tri-ws(kly,
tween Virginia sad Bannack citi.s. W\ith Lst
stock, comfortable coaihes and careful .Iriveir, w
coliCit a contimDnce of the public patrOD~re.
Virginia, Nov. 26, 1861. A. J. OLIVERL CO.
.Isay ONice.
TIHE Undersigned are now prepared to anY cor
Srectly in mall or large quantities the or( of
Montana. bilver, Gold, Copper, Leed, Antimony.
or Bismuth. OBce No. 2. of Cont.nt's Block
corner of Wallace and Jackson Streets, Virnsu.
is-tf W. Y. U LLVEL. tc
Jqag S. Lgwis, N. B llAz, U.. 31. UILLEL.
Jewelry Manufacturers,
E~VERY deeription of Jewelry made to order fro
E the Native Oold, and warranted. Partica
attention paid to repairing ine watche. Albo E
graving done to order.
101II Till OL WAlrTCI, .utm . thiqim C... I t
February 2.., 18.. --tf
A LL the iondebted to tis Ai of B~as A,
-. rioe aln Md T, are Ihee. ano&d for
to tcal at -pa ya d ears eo. Mtr. G
S letavp i n r.agaed the IeceivWh ibP in'
of r. "Julias se an oomles wtl bhewttl
the latter at thb art ErIf Eorf. BauiotC

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