Newspaper Page Text
THE MONTANA POST
D. W. TILTON, & CO., Editors & Proprietors. "Oy Country, M ay she Always be right; But My Country, Aight or Wrong." TI8:4er VOL. 1. CITY OF VIRGINIA, MONTANA rERRITORY SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1865. NO. 3 rhe W entana ost D. W. Tilton, & Co., D. W. TnL.ro. Bs. R. Drras. rrBLISUERS AND PROPRIETORS. office at the City Book Store, Corner of Wallace and Jackson Streets. TERMS, IN GOLD: 0ne copy, one year, - - - $7.50 One copy, Eix months, - - - 4.00 One copy, three months, - - - 2.50 states of Advertising. u~oines cards, (five lines or less,) one year $20 00 ,, " " " " six months, 15 00 a,, " I" " three months 1000 One ~uare one year, (ten lines or less) 40 00 One squar8e ix months " " " " 25 00 One square, three months " " " 15 00 Qu.rter column, one year, 60 00 s i months 45 00 S " three " 30 00 lilf cclumn, one year, 90 00 six months, 60 00 , " three mouths 45 00 One column, one year, 150 00 .ix months' 100 00 , " three months, 75 00 Regular adverticers will be allowed to change quarterly without additional charge. All bussin^s communications should be addressed ,to D. W. TILTON & Co., Virgtnia City, M. T. Job :intmin of every description executed in a Superior manner and at reasonable rate. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. Territorial Officers. 40Y.oVNou. SIDNEY EDGERTON, Bannack City; SECRETARY. 1I. P. TORSEY : CHIEF JUSTICE, II. L. HOSMER. AssocI.ATE JCSTICE, AMMI GIDDINGS, " L. B. WILLISTON, ArTY. GENERAL. E. B. NEALLEY, Virginia; MAI I~IAL, C. J. BUCK, &URVEYRn (IgNEnIAL, M. BOYD. AUr:lTon, JOHN S. LOTT. TREASURER, JOHIN J. HULL. SCU'OL SUEPERINTENDENT, T. J. DIMSDALE, A.,ssaoR. T. C. EVERTS. CJL's INTERNAL REVEi UE, N. P. LANGFORD. County Officers of Madison County. County Commissioners, JAMES FERGCS, J.. E. MCCLuRO. " "' FRD. K. RooT. Prchnte Judge, Tios. C. Josrs. sheriff, NEIL 1Iwi:.. Tre surer, - Recorder, Roartr N. IILL. Assistant Assessor 1st District, Jr-aRT ol . Municipal Officers of Virginia City. ]. ..c..·-nx-. w "AzL Agrsao. Marshal-Wm. DEASCEY. Clerk-C. J. D. CURTIS. Attorney-JOHN. C. TLURK. Trea.urer-Jon.v S. ROCKZFLLOW. A.Sessor--TnOAS PEASsoE. Street Commiesioner--II J. Jonxso.. Mason c. The regular commnnications of Virginia City Lodge, A. F. & A. 3M., are held on the 2d and 4th Saturday, in each month. P. S. PFOUTS, W. M. AmIx. DAVIS, Sect'v. Church. Prrsching very Sal,bath by Rev. A. M. Tonnr, at 11 A. M. at the Union Church. Sabbath School at 2 P. M. All are invited to attend. BIUSINESS CARDS. W. F. San, ?rs. Jerry Cook. SANDERS & COOK. ATTORNEYS at Law, Virginia City, Montana 1 Territory. 3--v W. L. MC3IATru.] [W. Y. LOVELL. McMATRI & LoOVELL., Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, ,M. T., will promp tly attend to all professional bnusiness entrusted to their care. 1-3m W. J. McCormick. W. Y. Pemberton. II. Burns McCormick, Pemberton & Burns. Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, Montana Territo ry. Ofic in Contsnt'e Corner up-stairs. l-6m W. 3J. STAFFron. R. B. PARROTT, L. W. Botarox, Cal. Iowa. Col. STAFFORD, PARROTT & BORTON, Attorneys at Law, Office on Idaho street, opposite the court house, Virginia City, Montana Territory. 2-3m J B. JUDGE, Boot & Shoe maker, Virginia City. Montana Ter ritcry. The best of custom work always on hand. Cireo m a trial. 1-6m JOSEI'r CR.,tIT, French Baker, Nevada City, Montana Territory, Wouhl say to hi, laumerous customers that he is al *y,;' on hand to :tuff the mouths of the hungry. Gi;e h:m : cli. 1-6m CA LIIORNIA HOTEL, Nevada City, Montana Territorjy. LOIS BELANGER, - - - - - PROPRIETon. This hotel is sitaated on Main street, and in the b.t part of the City. The table supplied with the tt the market affords, and the saloon furnished with the bast liquors. Rooms and beds can be, had at reasonable prices. tharges for board moderate. 2 F O'.YBD. A CERTIFICATE OF TEN SHARES OF THE 1 consolidated Silver Star Company. The owner by proving property and paying for this advertise meat can have the same at the City Book Store, Virgina City. 4-tf *aok and Laddcr Company No. to i EET regularly every Monday, at 7 o'clock, p. S., at Mxaonic nail. By order of C-tf Tom. BAUMx. Captain. SECOID & FALUCETTE SADDLERS & HARNESS MAKERS. cZONSTANTLY on hand and manufacturing from . the beut material, all styloe of Saddle,, Bridles, " le and Double 1arne., or anything aele madein atla saddler shop. Im-14 JUSTUS COOKE. OERERAL AUCTIOK Z .. .art ol4tl.nh i vieum to the ale of Live ad PW SLeas, W1,e of Stocks of Goods e,,. . l at th. Elephant Cor, v ai c~Sin--190 DAHO IHOTEL, Wallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. M. Castner proprietor. The proprietor announces to his old friends and the public generally, that he is now prepared to accommodate boarders bythe meal, day or week at low rates. Iis table furnished with the best the market affords. 26-tt COLOMaIDO HAIR DRESSING ROOM. Hair Dyeing and Cutting Done in GoOD STYLE. TOM. WHITE, Proprietor. 2--1y Wim. DECKER. Surgtonu Dentist. OFFICE ONE DOOR WEST OF POST OFFICE Building. Patients visited at their residence when desired. tf-30 ROATH & CO., AMERICAN WATCHES JUST RECEIVED DI rectfrom the manufactories. Every description ofJewelry manufactured from the Native Gold. Call, Examine Specimens, and then judge. Sign of the MAMMOTH WAT'CH, VIRGINIA CITY, Montana Territory. Virginia City, Sept. 10, 1864. 3m--31 J. T. HENDERSON, PAINTER AND SIGN WRITER. Office on Cover Street, VIginsa City. 5-ly* LIME AND BRIC K. BY HENRY BALER. Also Flue Building, and all kinds of brick work one to order. .-3m Wim. CHUMASERO. ATTORNEY AT LAW, VIRGINIA CITY, MON tLana Territory. O(Jice, corner of Wallace and Jackson etreeta, at J. A. Miu~'. Store. 4-sr Shaving and Hair D ressing Saloon 3IUSTACIHE AND HAIR COLORING. South Side of Wallace Street, Va. City T AY' LW TTTTt· A-D ae -;, 3-.y JOHN S. ATCHISON, NOTARY PUBLIC. REVENUE STAMPS AND BLANKS FOR SALE AT ALLEN & MIILLARD'S BANK. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY. 3C-tf V, ONTANA BILLIARD HALL, Virginia City, Montana Territory. Sabolskie & Pozuan.ki, Proprietors. 26-tf F. C. CORNELL, M. D. S. L. F. WARo, M. D Drs. CORNELL & WARD. PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS. (Successors to) Drs. BROOKE & GLICK. Office on Jackson Street, below Wallace, Virginia City, Montana Territory. ly-12 Virginia City Council, No. 2, I. L. A. W ILL meet every Tuesday evening, at 7 o'clock. By oider of A. M. TORBET, Prea't. Ii. J. I'AULISUN, Sec'y. 1--tf PLANTER'S HOUSE Corner of Idaho and Jackson Sts., Vir ginia City, Montana Territory. WM. & JOHN A. SHOOT (Formerly of the Planter's House, Hannibal Mo.) PROPRIETORS. THE ABOVE NAMED HOUSE, FORMERLY conducted by Wmin. Sloan, ELaq., having been enlarged and re-fitted is now open with every facil ity for the accommodation of Guest, and Boarders. Comfortable rooms and beds are provided and the atble is carefully furnished with the best the mar ket and sea.ous afford. Pas:.engers for the early Stage Coaches can obtain good lodgings here and be wakened at the proper hour. The patronage of the public is respectfully solictted. W. & Jso. A. S;00f, 19-tt PROPRIETORS. ENCUURrIIAUE 1i.1IE NMANUFACTURE. SOAP! CANDLES!! P OTTER, JOHI)SON & TANNER, corner of Co ver and Broadway streets, Manufacturers, Whole-ale and Retail dealers. A miner's candle suitable for drifting, of the best descLiption. Par ties buying will save the freight hither and have a first rate article. 3m--26* JERRY COOK, ASSISTANT Assessor of Internal Revenue, 1st Division, District of Montana. Place of bus iness at the office of Thompson k Co's Lumber Yard, on Idaho Street, Virginia City. Nov. 23d. 1864. 14-tf Jon. S. LEWIS, N. B UeI.z, D. M. Gzu.Lr. LE V IS, IALE & CO. Jewelry Manufacturers. E VERY description of Jewelry made to order from the Native Gold, and warranted. Particular attention paid to repairing fine watches. Also En graving done to order. SIGN OF THE sOLD WITCH, Jae St., Virgi.i City. I. T February 25, 1365. 27-tf NOTICE TO BUILDERS 1. ROCKENFIELD & C. WI7tTSON ARil prepared to do all kinds of PlaEterin in a I Workmanlike manner and at a low Apre, the both having :erved many year at the bu a. If ou rant a good Job don, give tem a call. For tharhert cula rmqu at GnEth 4 Thopson'a-2 &tare, a Street 8ms-25 Froma Grizzly Gulch. MARCH 15, 1865. EDITOR PosT:-It appears that this sec tion of country is fast becoming a theme of lively interest to the people of the Territo ry and whether it merits the consideration that is now bing bestowed on it, of course depends Upon the intrinsic value of its mines; for whatever may be said to the contrary, this last named consideration, (i. e. the mines) is the only one sufficient to induce an intelligeht people, who have been accustomed to the comforts of life, to en dure the privations of mountain life. No better index of the interest with which this section is regarded by the peo ple of the mountains can be had, than the numerous communications which appear in your paper from week to week, containing as many and as various opinions as there are correspondents. It is certainly unfor tunate not only for this section, but for the whole Territory, that, this is the case, and were it within the province and power of an editor to discriminate between the real and the visionary, his discriminative powers wyuld be of incalculable benefit to all. It is not my intention to enter into a lengthy controversy with any of your cor respondents, but, miner as I am, and not a citize'n of any town, speculator in any town site, or even a holds of any town property whatever, I cannot forego noticing a para graph that appeared in a correspondence in your paper, dated as the town (Helena) sit \lated at the mouth of this gulch. It is as follows : " The city will be sickly during the coming sum men, on acoountt of the c ircity of watt, there be ing but about a -luice head in the gulch, and when miuiog commince- in earne-t, it will be unfit for uer, and if ued, the r-.-ult will be iickne-s." Now vour correspondent takes it for granted, that as soon as '"mining com me-nc.- in earnest," the people will not onlv be compeiled to drink and eat dirt, but o) Iair mi wiater privileges are concerned, thiov will have acce-s to noLhing but a cess pool. .ll this is to b) practiced, and, as an !nvitabl'! conseiquenc', thll people must :ndiure the inl!ic;ion of which your cor responde.nt speaks, notwithstanding the fact thtt thi r! is onr spring certainly (and I ain iiformI'd rlti:t t;here ;iaruc Sveral) within half Sh:ii il of the centre of town. Of course tlhi p:'opl- will not follow the example of your city and re.,it to thi hauling of water !atitl s istcm of water-works is introduced. I belivs:e ino one h;as directly assailed this region as to its gulch mines, notwitl dis. ie,"as. ' ft n tin t liefr ~ and mines. I shall state what I know'ti t c facts. In this gulch, nine miles in length, the greater part of which has been worked, duiing the past winter, I do not know, neither have I heard of a single claim that viel.led less than three dollars to the tub of pay dirt. So far, all the mining has been Joni by drifting, but from the summit down, for throe miles, it is surface diggings, which :s vet, have not beenI1 worked. It is by no lnmans an ulnconlnll occurrence for claims to yield an average from eight to ten dollars to the tub of pay dirt. Much more has be1n obtained. There is, and will be, dur inz tho summer, at least one sluice head of water from the summit to within two miles of the miouth of the gulch, at which point the water sinks. It will be attempted, and no on., doubts tho success of the under takking, to conduct the water in a wooden channel, front thence to the mouth of the gulch. I will not intrude upon your space by giving a lengthy desuription of any of the oth :r numen ous gulches in this region, but will b g your attention while I casually notice a few of thtmo. The first is Nclson's gulch, which, to judge of. the attention that :t is now attracting, is of no mean impor tanc. Mining in Nelson's gulch, is very s:milar to that of this gulch. It nearly all will have to be drifted, and hats a perfectly dry bed rock, but there is an abundance of water. It is said to prospect neIarly as well Grizzly, and the best evidence of its rich ness that I know of is, that a number of miners from Alder gulch have paid good round stums for claims, and have gone to work to open them. Its length is five miles. It heads near the summit of Grizzly and runs nearly at right angles to it. There are also two dry gulches between Helena and Montana cities, one of which is unquestionably very rich. Enough is known of the other to convince all that It will pay, but how extensively, further de velopment is necessary to show. They are both about nine miles in length, bead in the same summit, and run almost parallel. Of the numerous other gulches coinpris ing this mining region, I know nothing save report; but should they prove as rich as the sanguiue would have us believe that they aie, this district will be second, in extent and richnces, to no gulch mining region in the wiorld. In reference to quartz, upon which the future of the country depends, very little is known, save that there are numerous lodes, the development of which, although in its infancy, has proved some of them to be valuabic. Much attention will be paid, during the coming summer, to the develop ment of a number of lodes, as well as to the prospecting for others. Extensive com binations are being entered into, and as soon as the snow has sufficiently disappear ed, prospecting parties will he scattered in every direction through the mountains. I will just mention one prospect which I know to have been taken from one lode, at a depth of twenty feet, A single pan of quartz was pulverised and washed, which yielded ten dollars. I have heard numer ons other reports which would seem fabu ions, but as they are only hearsay, I will not repeat them, but leave it to the future to reveal the untold wealth with which our far-off mountain home abounds. To the beauties of the surrounding cen ery, my pen is inadequate to do justice. The gulch opens into the famous Missouri valley, which is about ifteen miles in width, dotted here and there with numerous long Iines of w!llow ard small timber, marking the meandering courses of as many streams, as they wind their way to the great receptacle of all this region-the Missouri river. As for grazing and farming purposes, this valley is unsurpassed. The soil is that rich alluvial which eharacterises the fa meesrfarmiusg land of tbhe"Westerna taes, and its numerous streams render it so easy of irrigation as to obviate, in a great mea sure, the great expense incident to the cul tivation of the valleys in this mountainous region. MINER. Farmers' & tL uncemaelne l Moet lUtg The following are the proceedings of a meeting of the Farmers and Ranchemen of Upper Deer Lodge Valley, held at Jones' Ranche, February 11, 1865 : PREAMBLE. WHEREAs, By an act of the Legislature of Montana Territory, recognizing the cus toms and regulations previously existing as the law governing land claims or ranches, in a valley or neighborhood, we, the set tliers of Upper Deer Lodge Valley have this, the 11th day of February 1865, assembled in pursuance of public notice at Jones; Ranche to reduce to writing, reaffirm and give publicity to said customs and regula tions; therefore, be it Resolved, That stake and foundation hold thirty days. Resolved, That staking consists of one or more stakes stuck at one or more corners of his claim; which stake must bear the date of the pre-emption and a description of lines designating metes and bounds of his claim. Resolved, That a foundation consists of four logs notched and saddled ready for buildine thereon. Resolved, That at the expiration of thirty days, work must be resuieed by the claim ant and not more than ten (10) days mhust elapse at any one time, without represen tation by work, until a cabin or house, or the amount of one hundred and fifty dol l:rs ($150) worth of work has been com pleted; when this has been done, it holds good the .alimant, without representation, for the period of six months after vacation. Resolved, That the stakes are no longer essential after a house or cabin is completed1 or the amount of one hundred and fifty dollars ($140) worth of work has been done. Resolved, That claims may be represent ed either in person or by proxy. jesolved, That any person may use the water of any branch or creek, for farming ;,rpost.. but must return it to ,.. L.a -s tec branch or creek.tro,... wh;h it is taken. :tt the lower end of his claim if required to do so. Resolved, That the right to carry water through another claim in a ditch shall not hr denied any one. Said ditches must be run so as to be least injurious to those through which it passes, and said ditches shill not be allowed to overflow. If any damage accrue, the owner or owners of the ditches be held responsible. Resolved, That after the customs of stak ing and foundation are complied with, men working in co-partnership can represent one or more claims by work on one clauln. Resolved, That no person or persons shall stake or claim linds for persons not actual settlers of the valley. Resolved. That the 20th day of March of the present year, 1I865, is designated, to burn the grass off, and is limited to the 31st of .same month and year. Any parties putting out fire in those days, for the pur pose of burning grass, if any damage ac crues, the burners shall not be held liable, but if the burning be done thereafter, ten days notice shall be given in three public places. Resolved, That nothing herein shall be so construed as to conflict with any act or law of the Territorial Legislature. Resolved, That we do severally and col lectively pledge ourselves to support and carry out the foregoing resolutions, and see that every man has his rights under them. Resolved, That the secretury of the meet meeting send, with request to publish, to the editor of the MloNTAA Posr, the fore going resolutions. A true copy of the origina!. .JSEI'II ALLEN, President. ALFRED GRAVES, Secretary. A WONDERFUL LAKE.-Now that oil on the brain is becoming somewhat prevalent in Nevada, we hear some wonderful and exceedingly greasy stories. The latest big thing. in oil, is a lake, situated six miles cast of Ragtown. The lake is about one mile square and is surrounded on all (oil) sides by almost perpendicular walls of slate rock some 200 feet high, and Is covered with a greasy scum from an inch and a half to two inches thick. This scum is sup posed to be crude rock oil. The water of the lake is a strong solution of salt and borax. Such is its density that a person leaping into the lake from a boat finds it impossible to sink lower than the armpits. This lake, or the land about it, was located and survw.yed by parties in this city, who ex pected to make fortunes out of the borax which is found in it. Now, however,since the whole American world has gone wild on oil they think they have something better thant borax-ile! On almost every side of the hike are springs, and dut of these numer ous springs flows " ile "-or at least the stuff which forts the scum on the lake, and which looks "wery like ile." On the edges of the lake are found large quantities of crystals of pure borax, and the locators think a reef of borax exists in some parts of the lake. !They intend to collect and test the scum found on the lake, and if it should prove to be " ile " will further pros peet by boring. We have heard much of this lake before-or one in the same local it---and though we have heard of a big snaik and things being found in it, never before heard of the oil. Perhap, the big snaik bass"defnoeted," and the seam on the lake comes froa the prese rising from bis bur earcass !--TerItorof Enterprise. From the Sacrarento Union. The French Imperial organ in San Fran cisco is disposed to treat the story of Gwin's enterprise as a balloon, or sensation device. It also professes to discredit the idea that Napoleon ontemplate. the permanent es tablishment of a French colony on the Pa cific coast, but desires to know why Amer ican journals should express alarm or anger at the prospect of having Frenchmen for neighbors. Unfortunately for the organ, the history of Napoleon's diplomacy-to use the mildest term-in connection with the invasion of Mexico will prevent the entire success of our imperial cotemporary's de sign to lull the suspicions of our people. Gwin may be nothing more than a specula ting adventurer; he may not have a com mission from either Napoleon or Maximil lian in his pocket. Marshal Bazaine's concentration of force at Matatlan and the projected occupation of Sonora may mean nothing more than a farther attempt to es tablish the authority of Maximillian in the States bordering on the Gulf of California. But are we not warned by the fact of the invasion against putting our trust in the truth of imperial declarations of purpose or policy? Did not Napoleon enter into a solemn engagement to refrain from inter fering with the form of government existing ing in Mexico at the time of the "inter vention?" And in the teeth of his pledges, did he not, instead of seeking a redress of grievances, overthrow the republic, set up an imperial puppet, and without even get ting the formal sanction of an election, proclaim that the Mexican nation accepted the empire ? The treaty of the three Pow ers which formed the basis of the inter vention, the recorded declaration of Druyn de Lhuys to Minister Dayton, the procla mations of Marshal Forey, the history of the civil war which is still raging and which prevents the so-called Emperor from visit ing Inure than half a dozen of the Mexican States without an army to protect his per son, constitute achapter of perfidy unpar alled in this country. We should think no honorable, high-spirited, truth-loving Frenchman could review iuis record without condemning the ruler who had thus stained the glory of a great nation. We under stand l'Echo du Pacifique to endorse and applaud the whole transaction. What value then, should be given to the present denial that Gwin has authority from Napoleon or Maximniiliann to govern Northern Mexico, or the affected disbelief of the same party in the roality ofthoe oL*ome set forth by Gwin's agents ? If misrepresentation-again we employ the softest possible term in place of the simpler Saxon-was right and proper and praiseworthy when the throne of Max imillian was still an unrevealed vision at Paris, why may it not be equally admira ble, in the estimation of imperialists, while Gwin's duchy is yet to be estab lished ? Why do Americans regard with apprehen sion an attempt to establish a French colo rny in Sonora ? Certainly not because of any objection to the neighborhood of na tives of France. Thousands of Frenchmen live in the United States, and before the outbreak of the rebellion the sons of the soil and the sons of France could meet under the stars and stripes, and drink to the mem ory of Washington and Lafayette. They may-they will-so meet again, but it will be when the infamies of the Second Empire and the abuse of our Government and peo ple by French Secessionists shall have been repudiated and atoned for by the great na tion which can still boast of a Cochin, a Laboulaye, and a de Gasparin. It is the custom of the London Times, in replying to American attacks upon the British ari. tocracy, to speak of them as " charges against the British people." L'Echo du Pacfique adroitly chooses to treat Ameri= can hostility to the anti-republican projects of Napoleon us repugnance to neighborly intercourse with Frenchmtn, a feeling which has no existence in this country. What does excite apprehension is the sus picion that French imperialists who entered Mexico to overthrow t republic at the bid ding of their master; who are known to be hostile to American institutions: who have been trained to accept the detestable maxim that" the end justifies the means," and who, therefore, have no more hesitation in breaking their plighted word than Napoloen had in breaking his oath to support the French Republic, are about to effect a lodg ment on the adjacent coast, in connection with men like Gwin who also hate the American Union and have plotted its over throw. We object to the kind of Americans who are invited there under the auspices of the traitor Gwin, because we know they are cnpable of making Guyamas a nest of pirates and a base of operations against California. But another class of French, as well as another class of Americans, might occupy both Sonor:a and Sinaloa without exciting among our people any harsher feeling than a desire to promote their pros perity and cultivate familiar intercourse with them. As the case stands, there is ample reason for distrust, and we hope the time is approaching when the "boys in blue" will get permission to cross the bor-, der and show Basiine and Gwin that they can't hold Sonora for Napoleon, Maximil lian, Jeff Davis, or any other enemy of democracy. Ta n MAsalosA ESTAra.-The celebrated Mariposa estate of Fremont is valued at $10,000,000. It is divided into 100,000 shares, of $100 each. These shar. which yield considerable dividends, are held by the following parties: 12.500 by Selover, 12,500 by Park, 24,000 by Ketcham, 2,000 by Field, 2,000 by Sterens, 25,000 by Ketchum, Opdyke and Iloey, and 8,500 by Fremont. The 25,000 credited to Ketohum are held in trust for Fremont, probably with a healthy incumltranoe on them. The company is managed in New York. Lusmna capital is now being fivested is oil enterp'ises (petroloam) at the rate at $,5oo0,lo a day. Pmas Moxrr.--Sole inquiry being made as to whether prise money is awarded to the victors when the enemy's ship is sttnk or destroyed, as in the eause of the Kear sarge and Alabama, *e take, by way of e. sponese, the following upon the whole sub ject of prise money from the New Ameris y-.etpdcan.. Wed'Btere atberal subserip. tion for the oficers and crew of the Kear urge was made up by the merchaute of New York, the prise money allowed by law for their gallant exploit being considered wholly inadequate: The distribution of prise money, or of the proceeds of the sale of ships or goods ad Judged by Courts of Admirality to be good prise, is earefolly regulated by the statutes of the United States. The provisions are very minute; bdt substatially they are as follows: 1. When the captures are made by public armed ships, if the captured ship be of equal or greater force than the ship making the capture, the proceeds be long wholly to the captors; otherwise they are equally divided between the United States and the captors. The commanding officers of fleets, squadrons, or single ships take three-twentieths, the whole of which goes to the commander of a single ship ac ting independently ; but if he is under the command of an officer of a fleet or squad ron, that officer has one-twentieth, and the commander of the ship the other two. Sea Lieutenants, Captains of Marines, and Sail' ing bM.sters take two-twentieths; Chap lains, Lieutenants of Marines, Surgeons, Pursers, Boatswains, Gunners, Carpenters, and Master's Mates, Captain's Clerks, Schotolmasters, Boatswain s Mates, Gun ner's Mates, Carpenter's Mates, Ship Stew ards, Sailmakers, Masters-at-Arms, Armor era, Coxswains and Coopers three and a half twentieths; Gunner's, Yoemen, Quarter. masters, Quarter Gunners, Sailmaker's Mates, Sergeants and Corporals of-marines, Drummers, Fifers and extra petty offi-ers, two and a half twentieths i; seamen, ordi nary seamen, marines, and all other per son doing duty on board, seven-twentieths. One or more public ships in sight of a cap ture share equally in the prise or prises. A bounty is paid by the United States of $'20 for each person on board of any ship of the enemy at the beginning of an engage ment, which is sunk cr destroyed by a pub lic armed vesselof equal or inferior force; and this bounty is divided as prize money. 2. If the ships or goods are captured by private armed ships commissioned by Gov ernment, the prize property, within sixty days after condemnation, shall be sold by the Marshal of the District and in the man ner and on the terms designated by the owners of the privateer, and the proceeds divided between the owners, the officers and crew, according to their articles of agreement; and if there are no articles of agreement, one-half goes to the owners and one-half to the offieers and crew. Usually if not always, the shipping articles of a privateer or letter of maique determine the proportion in which the proceeds are to be divided. INTERESTING TO MIlNns.-A correspondent of the Nevada Transcript, writing from Lit. tie York, January 26th, gives the following account of an experiment which has lately been made in wheels: I will give you the result of an experi ment which has just been satisfactorily tested, at least by the proprietors of the mill, Curran & Bueklan, who have, during the past fall, built a fine mill at Empire Ilill in Little York township, Nevada county for crushing what is known here as blue cement. Their mill has at present eight stamps, of seven hundred and forty pounds each, or thereabouts, and will, when com pleted, have sixteen stamps ,f the above weight. The first power applied to the mill was the Fouchery Turbine Wheel. The proprietors, after giving this wheel what they considered a pretty fair test, came to the conclusion that it could never be made to do the work required at their mill when completed, and at once commenced a wheel which T. Patterson, who suggested the plan of the wheels, calls the "'ilurdy Gurdy." The wheel is built of wood, with the excep tion of the shaft, bolts, etc. It is ten feet in diameter and not more than seven inches breast. It is of the simplest construction. There are no buckets to catch the water, but the water is forced by hydraulic pres sure through an inch and a fourth nozzle, which is so pointed as to strike the arms of the wheel about one and a half or two In ches from the end. The. pressure of the water is the same as that applied to the Turbine wheel, and by using, as near as could be measured, twenty-eight inches of water, the eight stamps are forced to jog along at the rate of fifty-four drop. per minute, apparently with all ease, and it is the opinion of all who have seen the wheel at work, that it would drive sixteen stamps with the same amount of water. The expense of building this wheel is said not to exceed two hundred dollars all told. Parties interested can see the " Hardy Gurdy" in operation, almost any time o't day or night, at little York. BAuLLOOsN-Sc- The Philadelphia Inquirer save : -The grentest literary novelty of say am transpired the other day. Eladr BraS Coates made a balloon ascension, with Pro. fessur Low, in the Quaker City. While i the sky, he wrote a poem of one bhudred lines, entitled a "Balloon Poem." This is something heretofore unattempted by any literary gentleman. A MasNen of Gen. Meade's staff re.ntly saw a ragged boy with an uncommon large muffler about his neck. He askedhimwhat was the matter with him, and the boy re plied that he had got the iteb. The eieer investigated, and found important die' patches to Gen. Lee. SXrTv thousand aores of lead have bee looated by petroleum bores lo Southern EL ATthb Chicago wharves 362 tessels r laid up for the winter.