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THE MONTANA POST.
. W TILTON, & CO., Editors & Proprietors. "My Country, lay she Always be right, But If Country, Right or Wro.g." TBlS:-.4,80 In S ot Por Ter in ~dvaae VOL. 1. CITY OF VIRGINIA, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, APRIL 29, 1865. NO. 36. I II IIII l I iI Il I N •III I D. W. Tilton, & Co., D W. T:I.roY. BaE. R. Drrrzs. FIrLISHIRII Aen PROPRIBTORS. gffice at the City Book Store, Corner of Wallace and Jackson Streets. TERMS, IN GOLD: one copy, one year, - - - $7.50 one copy, six months, - - - - 4.00 One copy, three months, - 2.50 Uates of Advertising. tinems cards, (five lines or less,) one year $20 00 ,, , ,, " " six months, 15 00 S,, , " " three months 10 00 o0. ouare one sear. (ten lines or less) 40 00 pipe uare six months " " " " 25 00 One .yquare, three months " " " 15 00 Quarter column, one year, 60 00 six months 45 00 ,. three " 30 00 asM column, one year, 90 00 , six mouths, 60 00 three moutlh 45 00 One column, one year, 150 00 six months' 100 00' three months, 75 00 ~e:ular sdvertisers will be allowed to change qua-tely without additional charge. All hus ino, communications should be addressed at s W. TILTON & Co., Virgtnia City, M. T. j,b Prlnt:ng of every description executed in Btperior manner and at reasonable rates. OFFICIA L DIRECTORY. Territorial Officers. (G,r-:r, SIDNEY EDIERTON, Bannack City; Ercr*tary. 11. P. TORSEY; C~hf Justice, U. L. HOSMER. Associate Justice, AMMI GIDDINGS, L. B. WILLISTON. Attoney Genernl. E. B. NEALLEY, Virginia; Marehal, C. J. BUCK, .r;:.yor ,pneral. M. BOYD. A~.dit-.r, JOHN S. LOr'F. Tr-a.urer. JOHN J. HULL. FChool Superintendr-nt, T. J. DIMSDALE, .'eisor, 'f. C. EVERTS. Coll-ctor Internal Revenue N. P. LANGFORD. A. M. TORBET, Clerk of the U. S. District Court. County Officers of 91adlson County. ccunty Commissioner, James Fergus, J. E. McClurg, Fred. K. Root. Pr~bate Judge, 0. F. Strickland. SortiL. Neil Hovie. J,ame Williams, Nevada, Dpunty Sheriff. Tr earurer, - RecorJer. Robert N. Hill. Aseistant Assessor 1st District, Jerry Cook. municipal Officers of Virginia City. Mayor-P. S. Pfouts. Pclic'c Magistrat--T. W. Talliaferro. Maarsha:--W u. Deascey. Clerk-C. J. D. Curtis. Attorney-Ju.hn C. Turk. Treasurer-John S. Rockfellow. Aesessor-Thumas Pearson. Street Commissioner-Il. J. Johnson. SUSINESS CARDS. W. F. Sanders. Jerry Cook. SANDERS & COOK. .4 TORNEYS at Law, Virginia City, Montana . Territory. 3--1 W. M. 6rerroRD, R. B. PARROTT, L. W. BORTOrN, Cal. Iowa. Col. STAFFORD, PARROTT & BORTON, Attorneys at Law, Office on Idaho street, opposite the court house, Virginia City, Montana Territory. 2-3m YOUNG AMERICA EATING HOUSE. N.xt door east of the Montana Billiard Hall. MEALS AT ALL HOURS. TIIE Tables supplied with the best the market affords. The choicest Wines, Liquors and (ir:s always to be found at the Bar. 3-4dw F. W. BECKER. FRANCIS R. BILL, VIRGINIA CITY, M. T. EBTS Collected; Deeds, Leases, and Powers of Attorney drawn; Abstracts of Title made o verified; Acknowledgments and Depositions taken according to law. Revenue Stamps for sale. Offcs at the store of Erfort, Busch Co., Idaho Itrt*". Rrneunrcas:-Erfort, Busch & Co., Pfouts & Russell, Dance & Stuart, H. Poznanski & Bro., Virginia City, M. T. 33-tf CALIFORNIA HOTEL, Nevada City, Montana Territory. LOUIS BELANGER, - - - - - PuorpzaTon. This hotel is situated on Main street, and in the beat part of the City. The table supplied with the b t the market affords, and the saloon furnished with the best liquors. Rooms and beds can be had at reasonable prices. f-,rPP fnr hoarl moderate. t41* HENRY JAMIESON, MERCHANT TAILOR, Three doors above the Stonewall, Wallace street Virginia City M. T. T IE bast assortment of cloths, cassimeres and vest patterns, constantly kept on hand and made up after the latest fashion. 3m-24* OCCIDENTAL BILLIARD EALL. ROCKFELLOW t DENNEE'S BUILDING. Jackson Street, Virginia City. The finest tables in town. The barsupplied with the bet of Liquors and Cigars. 16---41* JOHN H. MING. BECUtRD & FAUCETTE .ADDLERS & HARNESS MAKERS. CONSTANTLY on hand and manufacturing from -J the best material, all styles of Saddles, Bridles, E~ngle and Double Harness, or anything else made in a r"t class saddler shop. Im-14 Dodge J Thexton, General Blacksmiths and Plough Man ufacturers, Ce*er treest, . . . Virgii CIty. PLOUGHS of the best description, suitable for Stanchmen in this country, made to order in b. bt possible manner. Hores, Mulas sad Cattle shil in thp most approved meaner. 29tf W. L. McMATH.] [W. Y. Lovzu.. 1cI[MATH & JIOVELL, Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, M. T., will prom tly attend to all professional business entrusted their care. 32-2m* Wm. DECKER. Surgeon Dentist. OFFICE ONE DOOR *EST OF POST 0FFIC Building. Patients visited at their residenc when de:ired. tf-30 ROATH & CO., AMERICAN WATCHES JUST RECEIVED D rectfrom the manufactories. Every description ofJewelry manufactured from the Native Gold. Call, Examine Specimens, and then judge. ign of the MAMMOTH WATCH, VIRGINIA CITY,. Montana Territory. Virginia City, Sept. 10, 1864. 3m-31 J. T. HENDERSON, PAINTER AND SIGN WRITER. Office on Cover street, Viglnam City. 5-Iy* LIME AND BRICK. BY HENRY BAIER. Also Flue Building, and all kinds of brick work one to order. 5-e3m Wm. CHUXASERO. TTORNEY AT LAW, VIRGINIA CITY, MON tana Territory. Office, in Post Ofice building, on Wallace street. 4-tf Shaving and Hair Dressing Saloon. SMUSTACHE AND HAIR COLORING. South Side of Wallace Street, Va. City LYONS AWHIITE, Proprietors. 3-ly DAIO HOTEL, SWallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. M. Castne proprietor. The proprietor announces to his old friends and the public generally, that he is now prepared to accommodate boarders by the meal, day or week at low rates. His table furnished with the best the market adords. 26-ti JOHN S. ATCHISON, NOTARY PUBLIC. REVENUE STAMPS AND BLANKS FOR SALE AT ALLEN & MIILLARD'S BANK. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY. 30-tf M ONTANA BILLIARD HALL, Virginia City, Montana Territory. Sabolskie Pozananki, Proprietors. 26-tf F. C. CORNELL, M. D. S. L. F. WARD, M. D Drs. CORNELL & WARD. PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS. (Successors to) Drs. BROOKE & GLICK. Office on Jackson Street, below Wallace, Virginia ity, Montana Territory. ly-12 ENCOURRAGE HiOME MANUFACTURE. SOAP! CANDLES!! POTTER, JOHNISON t TANNER, corner of Co ver and Broadway streets, Manufacturers Wholesale and Retail dealers. A miner's candle uitable for drifting, of the best description. Par ties buying will save the freight hither and have first rate article. 3m-26* oaN S. Lewis, N. B lAL-, D. M. Gzuz.ET. LEWIS, HALE & CO. Jewelry Manufacturers. EVERY description of Jewelry made to order from the Native Gold, and warranted. Particular attention paid to repairing fine watches. Also En graving done to order. SIGN OF THE GOLD WATCH, Jackso St., Virginia City, 1. T February 25, 1S65. 27-tf NOTICE TO BUILDERS I. ROCKENFIELD & C. WHITSON StE prepared to do all kinds of Plast*ing in A Workmanlike manner and at a low figure, the oth having served many years at the business. on want a good job done, give them a call. Fo urther particulars enquire at Griffith & Thompson' Store, Idaho Street. 3m-24 .lohegan's Restaurant ! JACKSON ST., - - VIRGINIA, In John Hugh's Building. T HIS House will keep open day and night for th accommodation of guests. Meals served up at 11 hours. The table will always be supplied with game, fish or any other luxury the season affords. A Bar, with the choicest articles of Wines, Liq uors and Cigars, is connected with the house. 31-tf L UJI BER. RUNDY'S MILL, on Stinkwater is prepar now to saw bills of Lumber of any size at sho otice. Their lumber yard in Virginia City, is in th Warsaw Corral, on Idaho street, where they con tantly keep the best article of all kinds of lumbe t reasonable rates. Also a good assortment o sh and lath constantly kept on hand. 37-tf WHOLESALE LIQUOR STORE. JOHN Ab NELSON. AS ON HAND A CHOICE LOT OF OLD R Whiskey which makes up splendidly in Ho Drinks. He respectfully requests the public t ve him a call and examine his stock on W treet, opposite California Exchange 6--3m JUSTilUS COOKS. 1ENERAL AUCTIONEER. Particular attention given to the sale of Liv Lock and Real Estate, sale of Stocks of Go n Store. Ocee at the Uls Oant Comal Vi ity, M. T, HORBBIBLE ASSASSIZATION -0 PRESIDENT LINCOLN -AND- SECRETARY SEWARD THE sON OF THE 3ECRETARY DANGEROUtLY WOUNDED. Intelligence the most painful has flashe long the telegraphic wires to us this morn ing-news that is so fraught with horro that we can scarcely persuade ourselves but that we are the victims of some hideou ream. President Lincoln and Secretary Seward have been assassinated, and th on of the Secretary is supposed to be mor tally wounded. The details, which we pro sent to our readers in this extra, constitute a chapter of horrors that neither history nor fiction can parallel. The murder of usar by Brutus, the assassination o Henry the Fourth by Ravaignac sink into insignificance when compared with the ter rible daring and fearful coolness which haracterizes the perpetration of thes deeds. At the very moment when the chalice o victory was being placed to his lips, a crue and has dashed it away. At the very time when he was apparently about to en eoy the full fruition of those hopes fo which he had so desperately and deter minedly labored during the last four years, the murderer's weapon has snapped hi thread of life. All feeling of party dissension, all senti ments of political difference, must be swal owed up and lost in the consternation an rief that this news will produce through out the civilized world. Never before was a deed of death to dar ingly and deliberately perpetrated. Never before was such a deed done at so critical a crisis of a nation's history, and never be fore, we sadly fear, was a political assassi nation attended by such disastrous results as we dread will follow upon this. In what ever way these deeds may be regarded, they must, we think, be considered among the greatest calamities that could possibly ecur. Washington, April 14, 12 o'clock. To Dix: This evening about 9 p. m., at Ford's Theatre, the President, while sit ding in his private box, with Mrs. Lincoln, Mrs. Harris, and Major Rathburne, was shot by an assassin, who suddenly entered the box and approached behind the Presi dent. The assassin then leaped upon the stage, brandishing a large dagger and made his escape in the rear of the Theatre. A pistol ball entered the back of the Presi dent's head, and penetrated nearly through the head. The wound is mortal. The President has been insensible ever since it was inflicted and is now about dying. About the same hour, an assassin, wheth er the same or not, entered Mr. Seward's apartments, and under pretence of havin a prescription, was shown to the Secretary's ick chamber. The assassin immediately rushed to the bed and inflicted two or three stabs on the throat and face. It is hoped that the wounds may not be mortal. My apprehension is that they will prove fatal. The nurse alarmed Mr. Fred. Seward who was in an adjoining room. He has tened to the door of his father's room, where he met the assassin who inflicted up on him one or more dangerous wounds. His recovery is doubtful. It is not pprobable that the President will live through the night. Gen. Grant and wife were advertised to be at the theatre this evening, but he started to Burlington at 6 o'clock. This evening, at a Cabinet meeting, at which Grant was present, the subject of the state of the country and the prospect of a speedy peace was discussed. The Presi dent was very cheerful and hopeful, and poke very kindly of Gen. Lee and others f the Confederacy, and of the establish ment of a government in Virginia. All the members of the Cabinet, except Seward, are now in attendance upon the President. I have seen Mr. Seward, bu he and Frederick were both unconscious. (Signed) STANTOS. LATER. April 15. President Lincoln died at 8:30 a. m. Secretary Seward died a little after 9 a m. to-day. Washington, April 14. The President and wife, with other friends, this evening visited Ford's Thea tre, for the purpose of witnessing the per formance of "Our American Cousin." It was announced in the papers that General Grant would also be present, but that gen tleman took a late train of cars for New ersev. The Theatre was densely crowded nd everybody seemed delighted with the ceno before them. During the third act nd while there was a temporary pause for one of the actors to enter, a sharp report o pistol was heard, which merely attracted ttention, but suggested nothing serious until a man rusbhed to the front of the Pres ident's box, waving a long dagger in hi ght hand, exclaiming, Sic semper tyrannis. He immediately leaped from the box which was in the second tier, to the stage beneath ran across to the opposite side of the stage making his escape, amid the bewildermen of the audience, from the rear of the thean tre, and mounticg a horse, fled. The sereams of Mrs. Lincoln €rat dis losed the fact to the audience, that th President had been shot, when all present ose to tL eit feet, rushing towards the stage any exclaiming "hang him!" The ei itement was of the wildest possible de cription. Of course there was an ahrap ntermission of the theatre performance. here was a rush toward the President' ox, when cries were heard, "stand back! 've him air! has any one stimulants?" 0O a buhasty examination it wa found that *eat had bee. shot through the heed above of the teopeoal boas sa that some of was oess out. He wae smsind to a pri e hoase, opposite the theatre, and the 8urgeo eera of the army and other surgeons were sent or to attend to his condition. On examination of the private bor, blood was overed on the back of the cushioned rocking hair, on which the President had bean sitting, also n the partition and on the Soor. A eommbn sin le barreled pocket pistol was found on the thrpet. A military guard was placed in front of the pri te residence t, which the Predant had been con eyed. An immense crowd was in front of it. all eeply anxious to learn the aondi;Ion of the Presi ent. Ithad been previously announced that the ound was mortal, but all hoped otherwise. The ock to the community was terrible. At midnight the Cabanet, Messrs. Befoy, Farns orth, Judge Bates, Got. Oglesby, Gen. Meigs, Col. Hay, sda nfew personal friends, with Surgeon Gen 1 Barnes, and his immediate assistants, wen oad the bedside of the President, who wee in a tae of syncope, totally insensible, and breathin. lowly; The blood oosed from a wound at the bea f his head. The Surgeon General exhausted everj ossible effort of medical skill, but all hope was gone. The parting of his family with the dying Presi ent was too sad for description. The President and Mrs Lincoln did not start for he Theatre until 15 minutes after eight o'clock. peaker Colfax was at the White House at the time he President stated to him that he was going lthough Mrs. Lincoln had not been well, because the papers had announced that Gen. Grant was to be present, and as Grant had gone North, he did not wish the audience to be disappointed. He went with apparent reluctance and urged Colfax to g, ith him, but that gentleman had made other en Iagements and, with Mr. Ashan of Massachusetts bid him good bye. When the excitement at the theatre was at it wildest height reports were circulated that Secretar eward had also been assassinated. On reaching thu , gentleman's residence, a crowd and a military guan s were its door. On entering, it was ascertained tha the reports were based on truth. Everybody ther as so excited that scarcely an intelligible won o Aul ha rathered. The facts are substantially as follows: About ten o'clock, a man rang the bell and th call having been answered by a colored servant, he id be had come from Dr. Viede, Secretary Sew 's family physician, with a prescription, at th ame time holding in his hand a small piece o folded paper, and saying, in answer to a refusal, tha he must see the Secretary, as he was entrusted with particular instructions concerning the medicine. He insisted on going up, although repeatedly in ormed that no one could enter the chamber. lie pushed the servant to the inside and walked heavily towards the Secretary's room. He was met there by Mr. Fred. Seward, of whom he demanded to se the Secretary, making the same representation which hdid to the servant. What further passed in the way of colloquy is not known; but the man struck him on the hea with a billy, severely injuring his skull and fellin him almost senseless. The assassin then rushed into the chamber and ttacked Mr. Seward, the paymaster of the U. S. Army, and Mr. Russell, a messenger of the Stat - Department, and two male nurses, disabling them. He then rushed upon the Secretary, who was lyin in bed in the same room and inflicted three stabs in his neck, but not severing it, it is thought and hoped the artery, though he bled profusely. The assassin rushed down stairs, mounted his horse, and rode o before an alarm could be sounded, and in the same manner he after the assassination of the President. It is believed that the injuries of the Secretary re not fatal, nor those of the others, although both the Secretary and assistant Secretary are very seri ously injured. Secretaries Stanton and Welles and other promi ent officers of the Government called at Seward' house, to enquire into his condition and there heard of the assassination of the President. They then proceeded to the house where he was lying. An immense crowd was gathered in front of the President's house and a strong guard was also a tioned there, many persons evidently supposing tha he would be brought to his home. The city pre Sents a scene of the wildest excitement, accompani ed by violent expressions of indignation and th profoundest sorrow. Many shed tears. The mili tary authorities have dispatched mounted patrols in every direction, in order if possible to arrest th sassin. The whole police are likewise vigilant fo the same purpose. The attacks, both at the theatre and Seward' ouse, took place about the same hour, 10 o'clock thus showing a preconcerted plan to assassinat those gentlemen. Some evidence of the guilty party who attacked the President are in possession of the board of police. Vice President Johnson s in the city. Hishead quarters are guarded by troops. t No sooner was the melancholy intelligence re e ceived than the Mayor ordered all business to suspended ; but this order was little needed, for no ooner were the tidings generally circulated than flags were hoisted half-mast high everywhere, and d pod in crape. pad in crape. THEATRE! CLOSED THIS EVENING. The Management, regarding the melancholy new of the assassination of the PasSIP.DNT of THE UIrTED STATES and the SECRETARY or STATE as a preat national calamity, and sincerely participat mg in the sadnees and deep gloom now pervading the community, beg to announce that there will be no performance at the theatre this evening. The performance announced for this evening will be riven on Monday. Tickets purchased for to-night will be received on onday night. Additional Partlculare. OFFICIAL. War Department, Washington, 15. Abraham Lincoln died this morning at 22 minutes after 7 o'clock. (Signed) E. M. STANTON, Secretary of War. Washington, 4:10 a. m., April 15. The President continues insensible and is sinking. Secretary Seward remain without change. Frederick Seward's skull is fractured in two places, besides a sever cut on the head. His attendant is still live, but hopeless. Maj. Seward's wounds re not dangerous. It is now ascertained with reaeonable certainty that two assassin were engaged in the horrible crime. Wilkes Booth being the one that shot the Presi ent and the other is a companion of his hose name is unknown, but whose de cription is so clear that he can hardly es cape. it appears from a letter found in Booth's trunk that the murder was planned before he 4th of March, but fell through then, be ause his accomplice backed out until Rich ond could be heard from. Booth and ac omplice were at the livery stable at 6 clock last evening, and left there with orses about 10 o'clock or shortly before that hour. It would seem that they had been seek ing their chance, but, for some unknown eason, it was not carried into efect until t night. One of them has evidently made his way Baltimore and the other has not yetbee. (Signed) Enwsr M. St.roir. wr.a Lest Chnm.e. HBJe~A, April 22d, 1865. Earrono Pos:--While standing in on treets a few days ago I heard some one re -ark, "there goes some of the vampires o he Government," and looking up, beheld or friend W. F. Sanders, Judge Jones an obt. Hagaman. I thought to myself: i hese are its vampires, God preserve it from its friends. The idea of calling Robt. Ha aman a "vampire" touched my "dander,' ad I was just about rolling up my sleeve or a regular pitch in, when I discovered hat the speaker was a regular secesh who ad probably just heard of the fall of Rich ond and felt bad, so, poor fellow ! 1 took ity on him and let him go. Now about the mines here. I have ex mined them thoroughly and find that herever there is a rough, loose, shell bed rock, they are very rich, in all the gulches round this locality; when the bed-rock is lay, they do not pay so well. Taking hem all together, however, they pay well, probably as well as Alder Gulch ever did, d they would do better if they had more good miners; but the gulches in this vicin ity were mostly taken up by the "tender ooted" pilgrims that come out last season with "Tom Holmes," and they know more bout raising wheat on the prairies, dig ing ginseng in the "Big Woods," gather" ing cranberries in the Minnesota swamps; or logs in the pineries, than using the pick ad shovel; but they say that digging gold pays far better. They were probably the leukiest set of pilgrims that ever came intc a gold country. They know it and feel it ou can tell them wherever you see them, here is a smile on their faces and they seem pleased all over. But if you were nly to see them at work, there would he nc fear of mistaking them then; just watcl them handle a pick. A good miner has : pick drawn to a fine, sharp point; heworki Sunderneath the pay dirt on the bed-rock you know, Mr. Editor. when you knocl .away a man's under-pinning he is easil, y brought down; and so it is with gravel. ' Oct under it with a good long, sharp pick and it is easily brought down. It canno stand on nothing; but a greenhorn has I hort, thick, stubbed pick; he stands oi the top, like a chicken on a grain pile gets out one rock, and finds he has anothe d below it requiring the same labor. Thu ;he works hard and accomplishes little. The snow is melting fast and miners ar commencing to work in many of the ne, gulches. We expect soon to hear some fa j vorable reports from them. We feel sur n that this county will be thoroughly pros pected during the coming summer. Mor again. Yours, truly, VIATORo V 1AT Vt. From Hot Springs. HOT SPRINGs, April 20th, 1865. ED. POST :-You told me you should be glad to hear something of our operations ind prospects out here. and therefore 1 send you these notes of my work and explo rations. The most remarkable ledge out here that I have seen is the Plutus Silver Lead, which is fully 200 feet broad at the discovery, and gradually narrows to 20 feet where an extension has been made. It as says on the top about eighty dollars per ton, which is very high when the process i eenuine-(the big assays all know to be moonshine, that is, as a guide to the aver age yield)--picked rock will assay almos anything. The lode can be traced about ile. Over one hundred lodes have been found down here, such as the Edgerton ommerce, Robert Hill, and Conness, (sil ver) the Magnet, (silver and gold), the Bos ton and Baltic, both very rich in gold, es ecially the latter; almost every specimen f quartz in it is gold studded. The silver district is in the low hills,thirty miles north of your city. The valley extends from the Madison to the Jefferson, the silver lodes running parallel to it, and the gold lode rossing it. The R. Hill and the Edgerton lodes are close to a warm water power th hot Spring. There is grass in the valley for thousands of cattle, and there has been little snow here all winter. Scattered tim ber is to be found in the valley, and fou miles off any quantity of good pine is ob tainable. Within seven miles is the Mead ow Creek Saw Mill. A flne road runs righ through the valley. As the sun is shinin [ must throw down my pen and take m pick and shovel: so, adieu. Yours, truly, DELVER The Colorado liver Sese. SALT LAK CITY, U. T., April 15, 18G5. EDTrro Post:-I write to inform you that the steamer Esmeralda, of the new Union Line, arrived several weeks since at a int on the Colorado river, within four hundred miles of this city. She had on board one hundred tons of freight. The road from the landing is excellent. Wa r and grass are also plentiful. The river is navigable at all seasons, and vessels are eaving San Francisco and other points for its mouth, with freight for this Territory. Goods are sent from New York by ships to the Gulf of California at $15 per ton. As the Colorado river and the wagon road can e used all the year round, much of youu reight will be brought by this route. In the presses of this city you can see the facts connected with the river, etc., more fully set forth. A movement is now being commenced hat will bring you into communication with the Pacific Ocean, and closer to oui erritory. Thinking yourself and the ublic would feel an interest in an enter. rise having for its end the benefit of the1 ioneers of your rich country, I have takes e liberty of writing. I am, Iup~Ea.l l~,THFINDER. General Connor has assumed command f the "District of the Plains," embracinl tah, Colorado sad Nebraska; IRqas as Dearer.-Dever Nunew, Ri0. a.reos am she Re. .t eof Prs. elo-Hmethodas awa *Ii la r o.4t * * * Whatever machine is used, it evident that roasting is essential to suo as. Nature has so instructed us in show ng that the decomposed or oxidated ore, sear the surface, presents no difficulty to he ordinary processes for saving the gold. large proportion of the gold in this ore s easily saved, and it is simply an ore ted by long exposure to oxidating in nlonces, as air and moisture, until all the ulphur of the pyrites is oxidated, and then, ing soluble in water, is carried away. Ordinary roasting or calcination of ores, s a process of like nature, only more rapid hrough employment of all the more favor ble circumstances, and the energetic agen y of fire. Dry crashing being necessary, it is ob ions that some of the effective and eco oomical machines, known and long need or this purpose, is to be preferred. The old rollers, or Cornish Crusher, or perhaps, lso, Blake's, as a preparatory machine, ill effectually prepare all that could be esired by any moderate mill. Then, hay ing by roasting desulphurized the ore, we ay use stamps, or, preferably, the ancient rastra, geared in a modern fashion, and rind the powder between two stone sur aces. The arastra is essentially a hard, ven grained stone floor, arms so made as to revolve horizontally over this floor, and earnng applied at the ends upon a rim for oving them, and stones fastened to them t intervals, by chains, so as to be dragged round after the revolving arms. Mercury is placed upon the floor, and as pulverisa tion proceeds, the liberated gold is amal amated and absorbed by the body of the Experience shows that this machine, of heap and rude material, is capable of a larger duty, and of saving at least an equal proportion of the gold with less expense. it is therefore a more profitable machine, ince the greatest return of gold at a given expenditure, is what we must look for first. We may afterwards consider if this propor tion can be increased. No one can doubt that all the gold can be extracted, but will not the last moiety cost more than cent per cent ? In all similar metallurgical processes it is found practically necessary and economic al to consent to a certain loss of metal, and o we shall find in this. By adopting such rachinery we secure economy of construc tion and operation, as repairs are seldom needed, rapidity of action, working there fore a large amount each day, and as good proportion of the contents of the ore saved t a cost smaller than by any other method r mill now known. With such means and good management there can be no doubt in the minds of any one who knows, even a little, of the im mense mineral wealth of Colorado, that it Sould require only a little time to show ad attest, by solid and heavy returns of 'retort" gold, that her mines are such as ave never yet been known in any other ountry, in all the history of gold.-Phil adelphia Railroad and Mining Journal. The Girdle Roumi the EarSh. As the Atlantic telegraphic cable will be aid during the early part of the coming e uwmer, the arrangements now making for ontinuing the line from San Francisco to St. Petersburg, by way of Bebring's Straits, re regarded with much interest. It is pro= n osed to join the lines from San Francisco .o Portland, thence to Victoria, thence to -the straits through Russian America,thence .by submarine cable to Asia, thence through --Siberia and over the Ural Mountains to St. mPetersburg. The U. S. steam cutter Shu rmbrick left San Francisco a few weeks since, h for the northern coast, having on board the eSuperintendent of the Russian-American e!egraph Company and an agent for the ompletion of the line from Portland to in Victoria. The line will be carried through a country almost unknown, and in its con struction much new and important geo raphical information will doubtless be ob tained.--Denver News. A NEW DLscovExY.--A new metal called Magnesium has lately been discovered or invented in London, which appears to be making quite a sensation among scientific nd commercial circles. It gives, when ignited, the brightest light yet known; oes not alter colors in the slightest de ree, emits no smell, and is not liable to xplosion. It is considered invaluable for ighthouses and such purposes, and photo raphs can be taken admirably by it. Mr. iazzi Smith is about to take some views of the interior of the great Egyptian pyrae mid by its aid. When first made it cost £ per ounce, then came down to £4, and ow may be procured for £ 10s. A geno leman has just received in this city by last ail a small piece of the metal in fne wire, ad has afforded us a personal opportunity f judging of its peculiar properties. It is eadily ignited by a common match, and emits a pure white light of the most intense rilliancy even in broad daylight, far ex ceding the famed Calcium light in bright ess. A small piece of the metal may be een at our office.-Britis Colonist. The funeral of the late Col. Leavitt L. owen was very largely attended yester ay afternoon. The Masonic order turned ut in very imposing strength, and the Six Knights, particularly, dressed in theirrich, lack regalia, on horseback, added an air of ore solemnity and magnificence than we are previously seen here. The Third Re. iment boys on horseback followed the fa. oral procession of their late Lieutenant. Colonel. At the chbach a brief oration wai ronouneed by Ilon. U. W. Purkins, which as been pronounced by all as a gem oi auty, brdliancy and oratory, appropri. a to the occasion. This was followed by other from Col. Chivimgton. The Gen ral is now numbered with the mllion sd. Reuiseat ir pc *-E g MXom a nee, March29tA .