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The Montana post. [volume] (Virginia City, Montana Territory [i.e. Mont.]) 1864-1869, July 08, 1865, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025293/1865-07-08/ed-1/seq-2/

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It Montanar ~dQ~
T. J. DIMSDAI F. T ITO
Saturday,..... .....J.....uly 8, 18615.
Jos Pwlu oR Se.Lz..-D. W. Tiltou & Co.L odte Mon
two POST PrI euL an for sale a Job l'tru and
.I TT aý pity cs Vim.
tU4pF r!s A cONVENTION.
We'direct attention to a call for a Con
:.9.iba, which appears in our coIamns, to
day. The spirit of'the document is deserv
*ipg of commendation. We have had enough
of the blind partisan warfare that delights
'he little great men of society, and we should
-feel obliged by any one pointing out what
good has accrued from the strife. Secession
is. now dead, and why should it not be
buried P and, seeing that there is nothing
left to abolish, so is abolition likewise
defunct. It is high time that we should
attend to our own afairs, and try to do
something towards the development of
Montana. Common sense dictates that we
should pitch overboard the hireling agita
tors, who never open their mouths except
with the hope of swallowing a bait.
These men will growl; but who cares ?
Better growl than plunder the public. If any
man still wishes evil and disunion to the
land of his birth, let him, in the name of
the Arst secessionist, his master, vote and
work against us, tooth and nail; but those
who desire peace in our borders, economy
in our expenditure, aid from Government to
build roads and develop our resources, min
eral and agricultural; education for the
children running wild throughout the
Territory; defense against Indians, and
honest legislation-will join with us. Any
man who remains disloyal, when the ques
tiens to be settled by the arbitrament of the
sword are finally decided, is it for one of
two places only : a mad-house or a grave.
On the 4th of July we shook hands all
round, and until a State organisation neces
sitates party lines being drawn, let us act
as one people, for the good of the Territory ;
.choose the best and most upright men for
places requiring zeal, ability and sobriety
of thought, word and deed, and in less than
three years from this date, such a course will
make us most prosperous and attract crowds
of the more valuable class of emigrants to
live amongst us. A contrary line of con
duct will only have the effect of converting
neighbors into enemies, hindering improve
mbent, and placing incompetent and imbe
eile men in office, to the intense chagrin of
their own supporters in time to come. We
Care not for a name. Call us by what appel
ftttEi you will; but let us have the public
Service honestly, ably and economically
administered; our country improved; our
resources developed and husbanded, and
thenf We shall be able to enjoy the blessings
of democratic government, and, equally
removed from license on the one hand and
oppression on the other, we shall also avoid
the fatal consequences arising from the
thrusting into office of avaricious incompe
tetce, tUnder a stolen name.
TEE INDIAN WAR.
We saw last evenjng a letter written by
iV. C. Gillett, on Monday, at Fort Benton,
to Gov. Edgerton, concerning Indian difli
eulties. The gravest apprehensions are
entertained by those best qualified to know,
as to the future safety of immigration, and
the outlying settlements of our northwestern
frontier. The half-breeds are leaving Fort
Benton and the vicinity with their families,
for the Deer Lodge Valley and other places,
and the appeal grows. mote frequent and
urgent for a force to protect the defenseless
from the threatened barbarities. We are
glad to know that regular troops are on their
way hither; but something must be done to
save these infant communities until ade
quate protection arrives. Capt. Burnett has
a company of about twenty-five men, and is
doing good service in the vicinity of Fort
Benton. His services will be held in grate
ftl remembrance. Scouts come near the
Fort daily, and friendly chiefs of other
tribes have information that the Blackfeet,
Bloods and North Peagans are contempla
ting a combined attack on the settlements.
We fear that in a few days events will occur
which will make the whole Territory shud
der. The time for temporising is past; it is
fight or be butchered. How say the citizens
of Vitginia and Montana? Will they up
and play the man, or wait till the shrieks of
desairing women and the cries of helpless
childhood in the wild agony of fear, speak
in tones twat may not be disregarded. The
Pen d'Oreilles, the Flatheadsi, and the
Kootenais, will all fight on our side. When
the half-breeds leave, war and slaughter are
certain. Nothing else will drive them away,
and they receive the best and earliest infor
mation.
IDL. IULCH ULAIxs.- -Tbe miners of
SLimmit have acted promptly on the sugges
tion made in our paper last week. They
have passed a law that all claims not worked
by the 10th of the month will be jumpable.
What we wish is that all miners would do the
saine, and that the Legislature will put an
end to jmnping, by making pick and shovel
representation a part of the title to a claim.
The 8anmmiteers are wise in their generation,
and have the honor of setting a good exam
ple. Let us be able to boast of a democ
cratic country, where the poor. man is not
baired from enterprise by the weight of the
inSeflu e df capital, or outraged by a paper
title; representing nothing but lasy owpidfty.
.''rwsn, Woima," is the title of anurt
cle in the Danver Newm. Certainly, emphst
iedll, lidj ededly. What sort of a place Is
it wsroe they are not wapted? The only
troble is that they love to stay where ther
is the least necesity for them. Hero,
wedi'a~la Colorsdo, we may say of a uirl
tusi wpmaR, bar 'price is above r le .
W ask . aqplej--ia an .made; .b
. , We miW. s aoeemudahes ,Aree o
,fV.q a *.. ,.. Aeel i* Monti
" .. .I Ti i
SSheriff Iwie, aile at F Benton with
the coqmai iintinded for jrvice agai
the Indians, went with three or fou'r indi
viduals to the siene of the encounter, and
from him we learn the true version of the
affair. As may be expected, there has been
a great deal of misrepresentation and,
probably, of mistake. It appears that some
of the Bloods werg 4oer s3aucy'.ndinsoleo.
at Benton. One bad Indian actually ven
ture4 to elap a whiteinan's face, and declare
that he i*onjd have a white scalp that night.
A mountaineer named Bostwick, heard this,
and also that the inhabitaats wished for
some one to open the ball.
He and his party accordingly shot the red
skin aad two others, aingig, the- bodies of
two into the river, the third getting away
desperately'wounded, but he never reached
camp. This was, probably,. the ostensible
cause of the massacre, but it must be remem
bered that the savages get aomore than they
deserved, and what any white man would
receive upon the spot for his insolence, in
any frontier town. Sheriff Howie went to
the scene of the massacre with a man named
Woods, who had been up and had taken a
view of the bodies of the slain, and of the
loeality. Theparty numbered five and made
a minute investigation of the spot. The
road from the Cutter steamboat lay over the
Teton,which the party forded and proceeded
up the Marias about a mile and a half from
the steamer. The part of the river bottom
between the stream and the bluffs is here
about four hundred yards wide. Close to
the river the brush is rather dense, but more
scattered towards the middle of the bottom,
where the men were killed. There are two
cottonwood trees of large growth, about 75
yards apart. At the foot of one of them,
Andrews was killed and fearfully mutilated.
Burris was found about fifty yards below
his horsewhich was half amile nearer theboat
than the bodies of the other murdered men.
The rest were scattered from thirty to a hun
dred yards from each other. The circum
stances entirely preclude the idea of a sur
prise. It seems that eight men and gix yoke
of oxen went up after timber, but expressed
their unwillingness to proceed for fear of
the Indians. Angevine and Burris agreed
to go with them. The party wore all armed
and ready for such an event. They did not
start till late in the afternoon. Angevine
and Burris rode aft.-r them a short time
later. The bottom narrows on the side of
the river, farther on, the bluffs coming right
down to the water. They are penetrated
by water-worn gorges and gullies, affording
excellent positions for defense. The bottom
again opens out, and there is not only thick
brush here, but a belt of timber, running
close to the river, and just below the road.
Not farfrom this the Indians were encamped
at the time of the massacre. The men had
gone to escort the train for fear of trouble,
and had nearly reached the timber, which
had been cut some time previously, when
they turned round. as anneared by the tracks.
They must have seen the Indian camp, for
no man would turn a wagon where they did,
in the narrows, having a fine open spot a
little ahead. Probably the Indians discov.
ered thewhites about as soon as the whites
saw the Indians, and while they were getting
their poneys, the party started hback for the
boat, and were overtaken and massacred as
before stated. The Indians were in camp,
no doubt, with the intention of attacking
and robbing a small mule train, a little lower
down the Missouri, and to finish by burning
the steamer and killing the crew. They did
not expect the men at so late an hour. Very
possibly, Burris was galloping home and was
overtaken and shot from his horse, which
being a lazy animal, the Indians killed,
thinking it worthless. The firing commenced
with a regular volley, and was rapid and
continuous for fifteen minutes. The head
chief of the band and another were killed
on the spot, a third Indian was wounded,
and is notlikely p recover. This statement
was made by the SouthPeagans. The noise
of the skirmish was distinctly heard at the
Cutter; but, though thirty men were there,
who well understood what was going on, no
one stirred. Two or three signified their
willingness to go, but none went. Captain
Moore was absent down the river. The cat
tle were all shot together in the yoke, except
one which was found the next day standing,
badly woqnded.
The South Peagans were scared very
much. They sent a deputation to Benton;
but were afraid to come in, and therefore
camped on the Teton. Capt. Moore, Col.
Rogers, Capt. Wall, Neil Howie and Malcolm
Clark went out to them. They brought back
some stolen horses, about thirty head, which
they delivered over. They showed a fresh
Blood scalp, and said they were at war with
that nation, and that if the whites would
only come in a large party, they would pro
vide horsed for them, and join in the attack
on the Bloods. The Peagans said they knew
that they could not fight the whites; that
they were too numerous, and that if they
could, they were not disposed to do so, but
that they were willing to fight the Bloods,
with the whites. The Bloods told the Pea
gans that they supposed the whites would
come after them, and that they were ready
for them; that they were going to Belly
river, about two hundred and fifty to three
hundred miles from Fort Benton. They also
stated that only two or three men of the
party fought, and they did not mean to shoot
any more, but that they would take clubs
and fight them like squaws. After the con
ference, the deputation went in to Benton
with the whites, and after doing some tra
ding, retired next day.
Mr. Howigays that he is sure, from all
he can learn-from reliable sources, that the
lbodes will return when 'they get their fam
ilies to a place of safetyz and .commence
wair, as they have hbeard o the failare of the
expedition. Ther6 were afew Bloods in the
Peagan camp, and they saddthey had killed
twelve whites, and if that did not do, thy
would kill more. The seaotnag paty were
very kindly treated y yMserw. ·alrrsilaa>
Steell,.and other citiseas Yf elrt Beaton.
Nosas.-The Daily f.d.n, Vedat :has an
artile on the valueoft elargte'oe. Itmay
not be geerally k' oira thatb iapolo
-Boeapart qtays refa .o.. Fe o u ep
with high eow saa4 nless they h`d 0"l 1
of nose. Bs4id tht emaR usee sa
belonged 'ati", Mesma asamtd } uuad t
w. Iy= .. t ft1 '
-Aý ý, _ ýtatl9.3 -.,. , ..
:. ~~ J~j~sa ~ t~uirrPli~
S i~t
d joO a
Sceleia o the .1 ors
Itis with a ing of d sast
at .ere. e clebralmn oAl the an
v of te Ntbal ete cein
place. One year age such a proceeding
would have been an impossibility. The
public eti.ant :is aowil.ag.d,;ad eer,y
patriot must rejoice. During the whole affair
the feeling was most harmonious: men- of
all shgde of political belief º In ' aooa
dent i rtd 'r1nk each6otfei iVt6 efoAt'
do Lneaor. to the day:.. The.s. whq*o
steadily and persistently stood upon the
right Asf tnw have theirreihird. So will
it.ever be. Truth maybe denied for stime;
but, is the end, it will always prevail We
hope that a new era in our histery is dawn
ing upon us, and that we have seen and
heard the:last of the unameaningrancor and
perverted energy, which, for a while, seemed
to have inspired se many with a desire to
destroy those time honored and truly noble
institutions, which have heretofore made
our country the dread of tyrants and the
admiration of freemen throughout the uni
verse.
It is useless to kick a dead mule, and we
therefore refrain from Philippics against
Jefferson Davis's quondam government.
The farce has been played out, and the tons
of human bones that bleach beneath the
SButhern sun are the mate witnesses of the
supassing folly and wickedness of the selfish
few who stimulated the ignorant masses to
desolate the fair heritage bequeathed them
by their forefathers, in the vain hope of
turning back the tide of progress and of
erecting on the ruins of the noblest Republic
the world ever saw, an oligarchy, whose
acknowledged principles were:
The right of the rich to rule;
The duty of the poor to obey ;
The absorption of all small estates;
The prohibition of all free speech and
writing;
No education for the masses;
Absolute dominion over all persons of
African descent.
Had they chosen Satan for President, the
scheme would have been complete. Now,
in their prison cells, the guilty leaders gnash
their teeth in despair; while the masses of
the South, educated, enlightened, and
redeemed, will become the firmest support
ers of the Government to which they will
owe all that makes man happy and life
desirable. May peace and harmony rule in
our Territory, and may our intelligent and
patriotic citizenship be a model in time to
come, for the dwellers on the mountains
the real backbone of America.
REESE River Country is doubtless rich in
Silver, but it is a hard country to get anything
to eat in. Hoear what the Reese River Re
veille says :
Notwithstanding the large receipts of lour
in this place, the price, it seems to us, keeps
extraordinarily high. The first necessity of
every community is cheap bread. We must
always depend for our supply of this article
mainly upon California. The nature of our
soil and the character of our resources, pre
clude the belief that we will ever raise any
considerable crop of wheat. New York ith
her splendid climate and fertile soil, does
not raise sufficient wheat to feed her people
one third of the year, while the crop of Nfew
England is not sufficient for one month's
consumption. At the present rate of trafls
portation, flour ought to be cheaper than it
is. Or must we wait the advent of the iron
horse ? Give us cheap bread.
THE UPPER MSSOURI NAVIOATIno.-We
learn from Messrs. Kerchival & Kinney, that
the Twilight and Lilly Martin were discharg
ing at Ophir City. Whether the rest of the
boats could get up, was a question. By
taking out some boulders, and damming the
stream, the boats could run for four months
in the year, instead of being obliged to
leave part of their freight at Cow Island.
The steamers for the navigation of the Upper
Missouri should be able to carry 100 tons,
on two feet water. The heavy boats should
not go higher than Fort Union.
Mnner's Meeting, umet , mit District,
Madison County, July lst, 1866.
H. K. Harvey, Presidentpresiding.
Resolved, by the Miners of Summit Dis
trict. let, That all laws and parts of laws,
heretofore passed, wherein Gulch, Bar or
Hill Claims are declared to be held as Real
Estate, are hereby repealed.
2d. That on and after the 10th day of July,
1865, the mining claims mentioned in the
first section of this -law, shall be represented
according to the requirements of the laws
in force in this District during the Summer
of 1864
3d. This law to be in force from and after
this first day of July, 1865
4th. That said resolutions be published
in the MONTANA POST.
WM. MARTIN, Recorder.
NaPOLzon ox Conswn.-Louis Napoleon
has written the following letter to the son of
the late Richard Cobdea, M. P.:
TulaRI s, April 20, 1865.
C AnRLs CoBDEN :-Sir : I have greatly
felt the misfortune which has visited your
family, for IC. Cobden always showed a
great sympathy toward France, and his
influence upon his countrymen could only
contribute to draw closer the ties which unite
England and France. I pray you to convey
to his wido* my deep regret, and to receive
the assurance of ,my high esteem.
NAo.*ox.
Ad~towA.--A brisk Indiar 4.ht tooL plaon
on the 5th inst., between Sheriff Catkime and
Coroner Pitatt and two soldiers fr4mthe foi,,
on their way from Prescott td the Ma.lesn
camp o Lynx c ek andy ab , p he
I;dian.. The sherlft and. sIrbh .evr
sevtrely wounded with atois. M.. thoe
their ?an hes eftrom loat aý
roturzdhd to iCm~ C"
head the i rM
bea titai sb p "1hk bby _ l ." th
BIG Giov.-The Fort Pitt fouedry, at
Pittsburg, Pa., will send to the great fair
at Ohiosgo, six model In for the fortiies
tions sad Monior ald, of 0-ineb, 10-ineh
and 8-inob oalibr with bal of 'the same
dimensions. Also, a Monitor aad Merriro;
besides suening a a to build i4h Fort,
place, the gaum and snuplatesd t atters
generally.
The JsaWes agento hae iLased a proe
4poG., fofromia for a less of' ten mil.
•UOBr.ed «h»S u tabeq idi«la U. 8. gold
,Oa ,itbhita yeamfir re d I. i. ofe.s
St o( t'rs 500 to 500. , w. i.. .s
Jie.~ .-per t.mi.
4 Rt» 5 d t thni -AI,
6u ra eioa 7 7,.: *».;. .,*- **^ .-.·.·1* " .frCJf
In a has atr of war,
the s to ich e rise
have o tbing of ae, a i t.is
desirable that all future politieal questions
should be determined upon their merits, as
they shall arise, it is the judgment of very
auasy eitisesu of thi:;Territoy tht an f-a.
spiCious opportunity presents itself to con
sult their own immediate wants, and to set
with reference thereto, and that in so doing
t"e are Erboeyi : ee id the? ims-gilbf
patriotism than thd voice of duty, and that
fa; othoutcono Aa on.oly.and is a-perpet
atlon of the feuds, prejudices and passions,
which the past' hs enge.dered, without any
compensation whatever.
Acting in the light of these trtbs, Jhe
undersigned respectfully invite their fellow
citizens, without regard to past political
differences, who cheerfully accept the in
evitable logic of events, who desire to aid
in developing the resources of the Territory,
in supplying the wants of her people, and
who seek to promote the peace, harmony
and prosperity of the whole country, and to
lay the foundation of her material pros
perity and social order on a stable footing,
and who will ce-operate in seauring the ac
complishment of such purposes-to meet in
their respective counties, as below specified,
on Saturday, the 29th. day of July, 1866, at
3 o'clock P. x., to elect Delegate, to attend
a Territorial Convention, to be held at the
City of Virginia, on Wednesday, the,9h day
of August, 1865, at 12 o'clock, noon, of said
day, to place in 'nomination one candidate
for Delegate to Congress, one candidate for
Territorial Treasurer, one candidate for Ter
ritorial Auditor, one candidate for Superin
tendent of Public Instruction, to be sup
ported at the enastin election, and to tran
sact such other business as may be brought
before the Convention. For this purpose
the counties of this Territory are divided
into three classes as follows:
The counties of Deer Lodge, Edgertqn and
Madison, will constitute the first class, and
will be entitled to seven delegates each.
The counties of Beaverhead, Gallatin and
Jefferson, will constitute the second class,
and will be entitled to five delegates each.
The other counties of the Territory will
constitute the third class, and will be en
titled to two delegates each.
In the county of Edgerton there will be a
primary meeting at Helena, electing six
delegates; and a primary meeting at Silver
City, electing one delegate.
In the county of Deer Lodge there will be
a primary meeting at Blackfoot City (Ophir
Gulch,) electing two delegates; at German
Gulch (Discovery,) electing two delegates;
at Silver Bow City, electing two delegates,
and one at Cottonwood, electing one dele
gate.
In the county of Gallatin there will be a
primary meeting at Emigrant Gulch, electing
one delegate; at Bozeman City, electing one
delegate; at East Gallatin, electing one del
erate; at Confederate Gulch (discovery,)
erecting one delegate; at White's Gulch
(discovery,) electing one delegate.
In the county of Jefferson there will be a
primary meeting at Jeffersen City, electing
three delegates; at Prickly Pear City, elect
ing two delegates.
In the county of Missoula there will be a
primary meeting at Hell Gate, electing one
delegate; at Willow Creek, electing one
delegate.
The primary meetings in the other coun
ties will be held at the county seats.
[The names attached to the call will be
published when then are all returned from
the different counties.]
The Pacific Railroad.
The Pacific Railroad is now being con
structed throngh this country with a rapidi
ty almost unparalleled in the history of
Railroad building. The hills are being cut
down, vallies filled up, bridges erected, and
all kinds of Railroad work going on as fast
as 2500 able-bodied men, with full comple
mdnt of teams can do it. It is astonishing
to see how much such a force, when directed
by able and skillful Superintendents, and
the appliances of modern engineering can
accomplish. We had hardly begun to rea
lize that the work had commenced east of
Newcastle, before the steam horse was snort
ing on the hill-tops at Clipper Gap, in the
heart of the mountains, 43 miles from Sac
ramento and 1800 feet above the sea. Soon
his shrill whistle will be heard at Illinois
town. We learn that the Directors have
fixed September let for that event, and if it
can be accomplished in that time it will be
done. The work is heavy but the force ;is
strong.
Our citizens now fully realize that the
Pacific Railroad is becoming a fixed fact,
and not many years will elapse before the
completion of this gigantic work will be
celebrated and what a celebration it wilt be.
A continuance of the energy now displayed
will soon carry the road overthe mountains,
and then a rapid race for Salt Lake. The
heavy work on the line west of Salt Lake, is
right here in Placer county, and is now
being vigorously attacked by the Company.
We never imagined the work would be so
heavy, or that ij could be completed so rap
idly.
One of the most interesting excursions
that can be made by sight-seers, is a trip
on the Railroad line from Clipper Gap to
Illinoistown. The cuttings are all in rock
of greater or less hardness, and the boom
of the powder blast is continually heard
frowning embankments rise as if by magic
-high trestle bridges spring up in a week.
Let thwse who are skeptical about the con
struction of the work visit that portion of
the road and their eyes will be opened.
Persons who never saw the line before
the work commenced, or while it is in pro
gress, can form no correct idea of the im
meose amount of labor required to construct
the Railroad over the mountains. But the
Company do their work well, and when in.
ish d it will be one of the greatest feats of
Railroad' .ienbi g is the world. Tern,
yes tweat mile of valley road ean be made
as easil as one of this mowsain lire,
rerjth about the read is o the meot
substantial charater. Travellers statetat
it bjisdb pren by any Railroad in the .qt
lamtIates. For one, we are proud le this
m.ovewrdt of Cal mirn.enterprise.--4Abs
Wt i ate hitoer ' s Clear dree fatmer
-,im Iea j0,6om be aiseg S 4
sgu rn....... A .... ~m. Pmia.4 i 4m
(7 low 0lll ~ q u~irt%
ýM 301, I
ED. : u--4n lash- t
in my ro.e, I set out from to
Blackfoot, the center of the late gold *azite.
ments. The distance from Heleias by the
trail, is estimated at twenty-ive miles. By
the wagon road it is about fskees miles
farther. The trail leaves the Greenhorn
road about half a mile west of the crossing
of Teop Mile Creek, d thence 'passes over
a low Divide to GiOeahorn Gulch, where it
intersects the Mullin road.
A lagm smaouIt bf labor has bi peer
formed athis gklch, sa the qay of.drain
ditches, etc., for the purpose of prospeeti"
it; but the gulch is now measureably aban
doned. I saw but on man at 'tork on it.
At the forks is a little roup of cabins,
which I presume oncoe aspired to metropoli
tan honors, but which will now requgre a
Goldsmith to immortalize their departed
fame. A blacksmith shop and a riseh are
al4 the urban features it now can boast.
Proceeding up the gulch through a eanon,
for several miles, a succession of sharp
craggs, loom up on your left. You leave
the gulch to your right, and ascending a
densely wooded slope of about 25 degrees,
stand on the crest of the backbone of
America. This is the great range, whieb,
with its prolongations, sweeps the sheer
length of the Continent, and separates the
waters of the Pacific and the Atlantic. In
front of you,\robed in its emerald mantle,
and surrounded on every side by dense for
ests of evergreen, lies as beautiful a park
as ever graced a mountain landscape. Here
you first see the waters of the Pacific, which,
gliding through peaceful vales and dashing
through frightful chasms, swell into mighty
rivers ere they mingle with the billows of
UThe deeD. deep sea."
Well do I remember, the emotions that
filled my bosom, when a mere lad, in '49, I
drank my first cup from the Pacific springs.
Then, scarce a mark of civilization greeted
the eye from the Missouri to the Sacramento.
In crossing the crest of the mountains, we
felt that the curtain had fallen behind us,
shutting out all that pertained to a Christian
land. Before us the horizon was wrapt in a
gloom, dark and cheerless as the Atlantic
before Columbus threw the blase of his genius
across its trackless waves. But
"Westward the Star of Empire take its way."
Sixteen years have wrought a wonderful
change. You no longer look towards sunset
upon a wild, desolate, inhospitable waste.
Cities have sprung up, as if by magic ; States
have risen out of chaos, like a Phoenix from
her ashes, and everywhere throughout the
desert and mountain solitudes American
enterprise has hewn its way, and. sped the
radiant beams of civilization alone its path.
Onsthe summit the road andtrail diverge,
the road leading to the left, down Little
Blackfoot, and the trail to the right, along
an undulating slope, diversified by green
fields and evergreen greves, erossing the
Blackfoot several miles above the road. This
stream is here about twelse inches deep and
twenty feet wide. The scenery along its
bank se'truly magnificent. You now ascend
a heavily timbered spur of the mountain,
rising several hundred feet higher than the
main Divide, and displaying on its eastern
brow several huge snow banks, which old
Sol has' not, as yet, been able to dissipate.
The trail now leads down a gulch about four
miles, where a wide expanse of low undo
lating ridges, covered with a mantle of grass
as fresh and vigorous as a May meadow,
opeas to view. You are now in the Black
foot mining region. From this point to
Ophir City, you are continually delighted
with the beauty of the scenery, the fertility
of the soil, the freshness and luxuriance of
the verdure, and the cold, sparkling brooks
that in every hollow bound over white pebble
beds, and through rich alluvial bottoms.
More anon. D. R. L.
Tia Grand Chapter of Free Masons of
the State of Maine have voted the sum of
$300 to Dr. Malckey, of Charleston, for his
great service to the Union prisoners during
the war.
Our friend, E. B. Neally, smiled like the
last rose of summer, as he handed us the
subjoined paragraph:
Mr. Chamberlain, of Illinois, highly
recommended by Gov. Yates, of Illinois,
and by the Supreme Court of Illinois, for
the District Attorneyship of Montana Ter
ritory, came here to secure his appointment;
but after waiting a few days, seeing how
beset the President was, enveloped his
recommendation in this note:
"June 2d, 1866.
"To Andrew Johnson, President of the
United State;
Sin :-I thought of asking am oice from
you; but seeing the crowd boring you for
that purpose, I'll be d-d if 'll do it.
Most respectfully,
Gao. W. COwmur.
The President saw the papers, and at
once endorsed upon them his appointment.
- Wash. Chronicle.
_ra ! mmm m. i •-
LUTTUII LIST.
Letters remaining uuelkimed in the Post Ofie, Vir
ginia C'ity, Montana Territory, July 4th, 1865.
To obtain these letters the applicant mst all for '"ad
ertid letters," give the date of this list, sad pay tw
ents for advertisng.
A
Akin Jarvls4 Archibald John M Adamson Peter
Austin Chss H-9 Anderson L Adams W J
Allen 8 C Admire Chas P- Adams Henry
Abbott Samuel . Anon Noak Am Ferdinand
Austin Wm W Allen B C Averill Jeu N
Averill Jas N Allison A N Armae A J
Ashwrtbh Moses Askin W H Armntrom Neah-3
Armnet Henry Abbott B
Burlgam A W Bishop John P ea Jo
]ekman Prank Blair Wam A Blahk B W
Butts Jaob Beaoa L W Beleher B
nan Hirasm-2 Beek J C E4
lnrr s. Low1.. frsy Th e. 3
Ba~s Wam BlahIma W T Ba m
Nattles MU- Brfnes Mrs rne Lfarlow Geo 8
snranem M-3 BnWm H Detssinuhes
Brum Jahn. P9 w . Amey Jr
Best x W Burte maa Ing 11 Je f
Bnrf DB Basher Oree n Wm
bait Wa B frerell G*e* = 3e0Lx
Breeige Joieh Beheame L T . John
ferown MIS M OA OatC Ui~Dailey
Badm Geol IBs David tGo.
er John Brewale o Mi ij Mana
Chbbs Gem A M* se6
L ilamer Alent C as
Coo s Mee r
tt~iss ai
;3
DezsrusmrjmhD.I. ai w9 Sh3..
IkWlr J~ lrsý is Pkl P am
rk~ D~YWATJ I -rD
Plutirr Drid
rf aP asm O LDsr wa-S
rergsssB H Prisy 6n
rain As.. W -zIa.T x 5ofrJ
Frd is Flaawr BA-M 24Q 3C
a~a
Oala'IdnL OaMl h a O..ea JL~
Bsdbgb&lr T Geser J 6 Gesiwh 3 L
~esay ~ w4m ga ~T U-a
Qkr~rBSL S. ISI~ GLp fes
9"W. Wa mvs N 0S i "6
(NasweeN A OrenAN Grwens owg.W
Oemdeil Cbs. OGia.. EGG O emal.. em.
Ofteos George Glee Wa Glow U
Gilmer (Iwe. OGlkey W F Glmai Jeb.
Gallup Johs W G1mpipsr Oak~k Gei I
BHas Jan V lesry Wait BskIwrs
HBit Tbos B Hrvi Dr LF HaysEN
Bummas Clatle. s Naragiias 3m Jmm s
HookL Peek 2 Harris w I[ HsU D
oraken James 11*. Fra Basil.7 3. is
Hurst 3 P HmlugtamBespb EsahetSa
Herton a.aB James U I LO Dma.. ' J
Bsmdw Jobs .ag Jepb DA it
Bogbaa A N Buaris Jobs Hsu Hawk a
Bmeer Jobs Ball Sergesi Nupe.1TF
Bolcoab N T Hawkes John Baly N
Hash Oso F Harris Jobs NwryE W
Bmbroebt A Henry C H-3 Hiebman a a
eliday Mottimer Haris. W N Hi rMn, j
aolnr S H isnileks T W E*JnolW
Bw.·Joseph HalstiT NUTIC
B wes B Bj Iaidwi k Thans W Das
aBion 3 B acker Ge. W Hgid Bi
B9IC Hawkins aDG 1 rJes
fhzdreth Chas Hayhat Thms. GaLIn Wi
Hera.. Jobn Harney Was O Hp. Was 3
Herbert Gearg. Herrick Ge..E N Blk D C
Ilooo Wm F
Irwin John H Illagworth W D Isbma Elrige
Johnson Oliver James ames Judge J B
Jones P T JekinsJames-3 Joaes Miheeks
Jones John N Jamiso B Jobla Sole
Joaes E E Jewell A W Johson teve
Jankson Henry Jacobs J B Jobmmo D J-!
Jemsp 8 A-4
I
KePiaern Ma.ga. Ke4eba Dr D H lKes Andrew
Knight Alex Kemaork Thiat KI Ja O
KooIs Mrs 8 AB Keedy J J K a r
Kensr John T Kelly Geo A Keahmer LIaid
Koren John Kemper T B Kemp Phillip
Kinely AIB-4 Kemp H W Kea Job, B
Kmno PD Ken Wm H Ketea Chas H
Alle ramer Wm Kem H W
KiLagora John Kramer John A-4 KtEbaw
Keller H D Kramer Fred Karr Thee
Kelly Deaie-3 Kooes 8terlig
L
Lym Ja MN Liter W H Ieve Robert
Lynch Maurice Lighter Wa L Leeper Mr
LydeL F .itaeoethler W L eam Ge.
Ldlow Frank Lee Jr B U Legwe DX
Lya Robert Laid Morgan im kJLm
Loveless H 8 Lesley Thomps wrre Me.
Larkin Jeb r same La Jobs M
Ledbeater M D Lewis T Laemn J F
Lisle Jo D Leagboam S Lbdsy And.a
Linley Jua R Ledford Miss L Low W H
Likely H N Lovejoy Anson Laby Rihebsn
ink W W Low Jam B Lyayas T
inebugh Joh
xoMe.avn M- Mainall J A Madws L
McCoenell F Marti W Mathews L O
cKee E E- Morme J C Mar t W P
Mclvine RE ' Mademr8L MaUhr d
McLaughlin Wa Marita A Malhkee Jok
MeGaria M Marlin Wa K Mmli. MEg A
MOClang E C Merris F Mear Thee
MoFarlia Wm Merritt B nsaoea H
McDaniel C Merritt L Malem Peter
MeRoberts C H-I Male. D D Myms Wm A
McLarty A Itchbell E Morls J D
McRoberts Robert Miller J F-3 Motagnse A
Moeiasie $S , Miler Z Morri J
McMaste H8 Mill Jaeob Maely J Y
McKinney Mrs M Mitchel E Milm Oe
eMClung E C Mitebel Ibr MUls W
McFarlia F Mitobell W D Mages J F
MeRoberts C H MaNaga J Moore J L
McQuillerd M Niasey J NoYet
MoCutCbher A M=onty Sell Merge kJe
McKay H 8 Millr H Mm MEnM A
McCord 8 T Mdetu Maler 8
MeRoberts J F-2 MIl WL Miller E
Mo FltlrHs 1 ( a n MT hR Peter
MeKey D W MaLey C
Nash Albert Noringer Siemo Newberm Ths
Nelson Peter Nrris A J Newme H L
Nierling H Naun. J M Nasilnb Edo
ason Riu Niabith B H Norris Alex
Nelson Jas Newson Ms E Ne J L
Nash Albert Noble J L NehoideLm
Needbam J Newton O J
Noble A G Newby MIite
Ornduff eo Ordeni V L Owesm E Ft
Orr Mrs E Oramsa Wm
P
Piper W J P.ttersa JMse Piermuo J
Parberry Dr Wam Pool Joseph Powell 8
Piteher Geo E PMel Henmry- PriteJ Mhet
Piteher O L Pper O A Pr.e.r usmed
Pistol 8 C Panell W Poe L
Pickeb Wm Pattos John B Phl. 8 D
Peadry James Parker D R PlnakeStm
Parke W M Pitta Jspr Prbdt HA
PiCK John Y Pltcher G I Pool Jobs
Paintae H K Ptekee Wm Powei a W
Reid Jobh iehards W Ru1er Daint
Renbarger H C Irl H RD mihammd I
Ryan Deanie-I Ringley A J Brdek Peter
Rmli Jeobh Reamsn T sT syI A
Rsbimom Kin A Rep. 3W Was
.gers JaD e Joe T JRsdr C
Roauntree V K R b Henry Rihy Pter
Ryan B B B Wn A er
Radd j P Rouess TT Rankinh Ala
Rimley Mis H Robed. 8 Rsets Jasse
r s
Smith & Miller Bhlelds Wi 8asample
smith RR shRoW L =hW W
Smith Aard Hooke lasm PT
8mit W D Sebebre J S nk i
Smith B M Shsw J O 8bles P N
useithW 2S. aCrW tsmohnsTLC
Smith B H tmgMg A Steak Jamb
-Smith J W Ias Joseh St umgs 3 £2
smith ar stas J i
Smith Mir Plha Sath &rl Eby Rssett Dr FM
Smith O W Sheds O snuiveas JA
Smith W V Skals sms 8tephen Wm
smith Hery Shea Dome S wa s me
Smith CB S J S wtphasem t MiV
Smith Pmaklb bl C P Stephen 1
Sisth P, Seh a L were Jm
soets Thes sovg... Thes as.1 3
Sqwei ses anes bw noe w
S WPu.k XP. m eank WWT
Lkho fMl
Taylor A 0 Taylbr Logmmi Tullow Nan
Tarbex Bob Taylor 0 Trwwar a D4
Tans" A N Taylor A L TemeadlJ T
Tuller J H Tipkue D D TImely Su
TbomapqomT Td ED Tnrm W*
Thompeo Preley Tripp Wa Trimblo J a
Theompoom J 2 D37tumm -I J Tbamom i A
Theompem, ion jr Treeoo Wye. Y'b., 0?F
Tbohmpem Joee a"" it mrmJ ia
Thamm PP vm TJAS YPeiJ
Tbo~m W Tuagm W X Tmes A%
Taylkw A 2
vaugh & ftke Vil Ber J !=r"
vim e D Vaumoser A l vlw
Vemwl A .1 niee hu vma W' s
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WiflmmmP ItP WeeeDn wrm Alex
WiLMSuM O* I W4 ObE W ftwo
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WIrfum JV Weil W R wedam
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