Newspaper Page Text
THE MONTANA POST.
tstUrnay;........ Nov. 4, 1868. ------------------- -- TvIE PROGRESS OP 'ENIArl3M---. ~RBAT ARE IT3 AI3W!*--.-.u DUTY Old NEiUTRALITY. On both sides of the Atan~tic, ix every circli, the movements of the Fenian are now the topic of all absorbing interest. What, but a few weeks since, was a mere speck in the horizon of events, is to-day a cloud overshadowinag in gloomy portents the Eng lish throne, and darkening and widening, apparently, with each pamning day. First, we And the London journals treating the subject with levity; next, the necessity is admitted of strengthening police estab lishments in disaffected districts; "arbitrary arrests" follow, (for which self-righteous John Ball so lately denounced our Goveramnent in urmeasured terms); then, whole counties are put inder eaartial law; and now, the Irish seaboard is darkened with moving squadrons, and Irish soil is imprinted with the fuot steps of bewildered regiments in search of an invioi ble foe. A "wooden horse" is discovered in the very heart of Great Britain's citadel of strength, in the presence of from 100,000 to 190,000 Feniane in her army and navy, and her consternation thereat may be likened to that of the Babylonian tyrant upon beholding the words of omilnous import upon his palace wall. In her dilemma, she looks abroad for sympathy in vain. The exiled sons of Erin, scattered throghbout all Christendom, have filled a world with the story of their wrongs, and now, like the sowing of the dragon teeth, of fabled story, they spring tup asned hosts. The tyranny that would have crushed resistance, only delayed its power, to return with redoubled futy. Wiere frst will fall the retributive blow? Aye, there again "is the rub." Six millions of Fenians are in Ireland, and fifteen millions more are scattered in exile or have voluntarily forsaken their country, under more liberal laws to court forgetfulness of her many wrongs. Nearly three-fourths are outside the limits of their native laud. Five millions are in the United States. " They are divided into an infi nite number of lodges, all corresponding with each other-all their movements being directed by a supreme council called the Head Centre " Is it not a country of their own that Irlshmen want-the enjoyment of that quite popular theory that originated with Jefferson, Franklin, and th,'ir associates in the latter part of the last century, called Eelf-government? Then, as tfere are nearly as many right on their borders as there are in Ireland itself, THE CANADAS MIGHT AN"WER THE PURPOSE. The quarter of the Irish population remaining in the land of their nativity, could soon migrate, with out great inconvenience, as inexorabl. British policy has already nearly depopul-lted that unhappy Isle, and must force them out, in any event, sooner or later. As unjust and dnfeeling as it is to expect the Irish people-who have a sentimental attachment amounting to adoration for the soil with which mingles the dust of their ancestors-to forever turn their bIcks upon the land of their nativity, there might be strong inducements for their doing so. The British-American possessions, reaching from ocean to ocean, are but partially developed, in natural wealth are unsurpassed, and, in a climatical point of view, are not so different from Ireland her self as to present any serious objection to the ex change. Then it could be effected with such facility ! The five millions of Irish-American. would have a boundary line of a thousand miles along which to choose points for crossing and rendezvous, and the additional half million now in the Canadas-being well aola:inted with the country-could assist very materially in selecting these points, with a view to availability and general advantageousness. John Mitchell. it seems, was immediately released, upon application of the Fenians to President Johnston. Well, that was consistent enough-perfectly consist ent with American liberality. We acted just as cleverly with the English government in the case of Mason and Slidell. Jeff. Davis, in a good cause, might not be altogether worthless. He fought well at Buena Vista. Should his life be spared, it is not likely that he would wish to longer live in the coun try he so vainly and wickedly sought to destroy; and, naturally enough, he would seek for a field where he could measurably atone for his crime against humanity. There are thousands of brave spirits-who have been or are being pardoned, through the proverbial generosity of our Govern ment-circumstanced similarly to Jeff; bold, spirit ed and enduring, as they have proved themselves on many sanguinary fields, our Irish friends would find in them very efficient support. But American sym pathy is not confined, to ex-rebels. True American hearts everywhere beat responsive to the appeals of the oppressed, and the prayers and sympathy of such as could not offer active assistance, would most as suredly follow "the Flag of Green !" "'Strike till the last armed foe expires,' 'and God be with you !" -.rld be the bail to the struggling Celt in every township of the Unrio. Caneda or Ireland, which, Johnny Buil? The former aseems vaR vul nerable. Over the Ennopean continent are dispersed three millions of Fenians. In Italy they followed Gari baldi in his successful struggle for constitutional government; in France they are distinguished in military eircles. and, in many instances, hold posi tions of eminence, won by their valor and ability in the Crimea; in Eagland, herself, where they number near three millions, they have spent their time in watching the movements of the common enemy on the one hand, and studying opportunities of emanci pation on the other. Ireland is now united in a eommon enase, as she never was before. The unani mous aspiratioan for independence seems, for once, to override religious bigotry and silence local fends. From the almest omnipotent Vatican at last comes the order to the Irish clergy, " ur FamuNzsAI ALONE oR mEa PEaaSalr !" The ties of alliance betwien Franea and England-naturally enemies of a thou sand years standing-are solely based on policy; they are liable to separate like ropes of sand upon the first change of political relations, and are alto gether unreliable when natural sympathy comes in qaestion, as that is something that had nothing to do with their establishment. Though the six mil Iones at nome have been kept poor by the blood sacking policy under which Great Britain has ever kept her Irish subjects groaning, the fifteen millions abroad are generally prosperons; they move in concert tew'ads a ,omznon center; they will cheerfully sub mit to any neceessary demand upon their resources. Twenty-Ave or thirty dollars per capita would give a fund of from ,350,000,000 to $400,000,000. A part of this amount would purchase iron-clads (wa have them for sale, and make them on short notice) to feame bloekades asd lad supplies .to naugrate act ive operatilns; while the residue would be aipple to feed a quarter million, (the number of dulled Feam sa supposaed to be in Ireland.) until the entire Brit ish navy ~rld necerily be distributed over the high seas protecting British commeree from the myriads of privateers-manned and equipped in "neutral ports," as werethe Alabema, lorida, etc., --istead of loitering about the Irish comeast; ,nd then the ffteen millions of Irishmen abroad could wi. ,ith compasain. eas, supplies tothe six il asa t sruggling Irishmen t home. Ireland or iandes whish, Johlmy Ba, in iL the greesar iawr? Herm, row, is a ramses for y. to perom i ailitey miene. what yem have ofte pea rm- t ti dilm r--the feat of looking two ways , O'dw ei *b lowa es upes O. als or Irem 6 du a, t lWms em f l1. as, bearn ducere of epiam into China at the point of the bay anet, and the pirtme of ear aenmeree in the late unfortuate ivar, wil ar, il have no treoble in under stantant out posltion. The path of duty we have been taught bQ Groat Bhiiin herself. It is true our sympathies would be against monarchy and on the aide of freedom, just a naturally as the sympathies of our "i nglish cousis " were with the misguided people who recently sought the dismemberment of the American Onion; but under the specious pretext of " astrality," we will attend to our own busines --lamenting, by way of variation, the "wholesle detrunction of human life," the "hopeless conteet," etc., (a as Russell's letters in the London " Times.") O ourse we we weuld have to acknowledge the right of belligerents; but our position would be strictly " neutral," and our Nation would be pre-eminemtly "commercial,"--just like England was during the days of trial from which we have just emerged. The following would be one of our "commercial" advertisements: UNCLE SAMUEL. l"til' BUILDER and Furnisher of Military Stores. Ready. . Made Iron-Clads always on hand, and furnished to order in any number. "Irish Republic" Bonds taken at par. Goods sent at MY RISK to any part of the world. N. B.-Mney loaned on Irish Lmen or Canada Wheat, as the case may be. UNJUVST 9OM1IENTS --I TE VIGI. LANCE COMMITTEE NO MOB. LYNCrr LAW rI MOXTANA.-The last Montana POET mentions in a flippant manner that three more bodies of men were found swinging in the breeze lately, in that Territory, and no one knew or cared who they belonged to. and the PoeT paid the people of Halena a compliment for the quiet way in which they transacted these " little matters of necessity." We look on such a transaction as a greater crime than that committed by the executed vie tims. who were supposed to be robbers and pickpockets. HUman depravity is developed very often among men who take the law into their own hands, and therefore good citizens, who are compelled to resort to hanging despera does for self-protection should do it openly, that the world may know they have not been actuated by private ha tred or a thirst for human blood. The people of Montana must aid or compel their law officers to do execution upLn the bodies of criminals, if they would have honest men till up their Territory.-Carson Appeal. Upon GafERAL PRINCIPLES, the majority of a com munity cannot be justified in taking "the law into their own hands;" for the rule is, that where the civil functions are suspended or paralyzed, so ciety is anarchised, and person and property are are subject to continual menace and probable de struction at the hands of a passion-led and irrespon sible mob. But this, as other rules, has its excep tions; and an assumed or actual ignorance of the peculiar circumstances under which the Vigilance Committee of this Territory was organized, and of the principles observed in the conduct of its business, must be received as the cause and excuse of the Appeal's unjust comments. To one acquainted with the necessity that called the Vigilance Committee of Montana into existence, and the impartial fairness with which it has conducted its business, its incep tion and progress appear completely justified by the laws of society everywhere. The organization is based upon those principles which are fundamental to every jurisprudence. Protection of life and prop erty-of the honest and peaceable against the dis honest and violent-necessitate the establishment of institutions of government among men. When this protection is withheld, or when the plan of according it is insufficient, as experience has dem onstrated to be the case. thus far, with the civil functions of Montana, OTHER means must be devised to insure its guarantees, or society becomes resolved back into its original elements, and vice and phys ical power trample to the dust right and justice. The necessity of protecting the citizen in his life and the honest means of living, making the estab lishment of governments necessary, and securing him in the enjoyment of that protection being the chief aim of their administration, the mode of reaching that great object becomes of secondary importance: that is, this protection rises superior to every other consideration, and assumes that yhere justice cannot, at all times, be vindicated in the ordi nary way, its vindication shall be none the less cer tain. This proposition we presume to be clear and irrefutable: with it all schemes of regulating the intercourse of man with man must stand or fall. When it is admitted that the civil laws of this Territory through the instrumentality of the courts, fail to reach the objects of their enactment, then it follows that the organization of a Vigilance Commit tee, or the establishment of any other adequate rem edial means, is justified upon the same principles that the system of laws in New York, in England, or in France, is justified. The policy of the Vigi lance Committee runs in the same groove with the civil functions, and its virtue rests wholly upon the fact that it goes FURTHER than the latter, and is effective where they may be circumvented or totally paralyzed. We wish to disabuse the public mind abroad of the error--if it may have any considera ble existence-that the citizens of Montana are arrayed against, and have put at defiance their duly enacted laws; on the other hand, their protective organization, known as the " Vigilance Committee," is altogether auxilliary thereto. This is emphaticaly enunciated in the following sentence from their late address "To whom it may concern : " "In all cases the Committee will respect and sustain the action of the civil authorities." "Circumstances alter cases." In a community, such as the State of New York, the organization of a Vigilance Committee would, most likely, not be an exception to the rule spoken of in the beginning of these remarks ; but would be synonymbus with anar chy and the dismemberment of society. The reasons are obvious. Her facilities for the detection and arrest of criminals are so multitudinous, and the means of enforcing her criminal enactments so am ple, that we cannot conceive of any juncture of eir cumstances that would render necessary her citizens " taking the law into their own hands." Like an immense cob-web, her mesh-work of magnetic wires stretch out in all directions, and bring country and hamlet, city and town, in immediate communication. When the fact becomes known to her detectives at any given point, that a deed ef violence has been per petrated. although the perpetrator may be flying with the highest speed attainable by steam from the scene of his crime, the fact of his light, together with all the circumstances that would tend to the proof of his identity, are on the wings of the light ning in every direction of practicable escape; and before the blood of his victim is fairly cold, he must be fortunste, indeed, if he finds a safe resting place within the broad limits of the State. Again, the country being generally settled, and all parts in easy and rapid communication with each other, it would be almost an impossibility for malefactors to band themselves together for the prosecution of their nefa rious calling. Arrested, places of security are al ways available for their confinement. As with New York, so with all populous and lang-settled commu nities, to a greater or leas extent. BJt how different is it here in Montana. Ourgeo graphical limits embrace an empire. Society'is in embryo, and intercourse of the settled districts with ech other is slow, comparatively speaking, and often beset with all but insdperable obstacles. The coun try between is generally aninhabitld, and marked by trails and by-ways, leading through wild mountain regions to seclded valleys and hidden kanyone, to ad the locality of which, to those unasasiated with the country's topography, would be sleest an impossibility. Here the Dick Turpas of the day can congregate, arrange their plane of villainy and proceed to exeeute theum; and then, returning to the same, or a like hiding pice before a.red spen, re-enact the diabolical dim . This von4 the character of the sumej..and the long dista.. between its ttlee ns, they an eabled so orp in concert; and should one of thar samber, perhases, fal into the hbeds of an oSwr ofthe wa; .d be rraigned for trial, confederate hlite prtwing c alibis an eay task. These natural advantages, added to the wealth of our mine, and the meqnest er tainty of the highways ed trails b traveled by me harryina hue sm of belho ave redered Mos tns a aor rmert for videos characters and from her cetrality of peao - g eqai distant from the ast and Wes-the have not been slow in pouring into our midst. In muh numbers came they, that they even controlled elecgto, pat their mnderoe leadear into responsible poeitions, and held Judge, Jury, and the respectable portion of the bar, in awe of the revolver and bowie. Did ever necemity more imperatively call upon a people to "take law into their own hands " than under such circuu.stances? The remedy, of course, wasapplied. It is said the ben citizse of all parts of Montana have interested themselves in theprotective and pr gative scheme; that its application has never been made through prejudice, or without due deliberation and fairly weighing upon the scales of justice every mitigatory cinrcumstance- course which would, in nine cases out of ten, be Impossible by procee pblicly,ad without preconcesed action,as pro y the Appeal. Tre, retribution has been swift, certain and severe, generally; but it has not been marked by turbulence and popular commotion. This "Vigilance Committee"--the existence of which, we suppose, cannot be questioned--is not a mob. Society here is in a state of profound tranquility the merchant, mechanic aod laborer again begin to feel secure in their lives and the proceeds of their industry; and the prospects are now, happily, that Montana ere long, will be prepared to relinquish all extraordinary means of protecting her citasins in those rights which are usually guaranteed by open courts. The propitious day will be welcomed by good citizens everywhere. But from the events ,of the past, we may venture to say that until justice can be surely. reached through the ordinary channels, our citizens will be fully protected against the evil disposed-aye, even if the sun of every morning should rise upon the morbid picture of a malefactor dangling lifeless in the air I Protection through open courts, if possible; but protection any how, is the prevauling sentiment of the honest people of Montana, of all creeds and factions. Discovery of the Richest Gold De poesat mown in the History of the World l---T-remedouas Excitement In Consequence! Upon the arrival of the Helena stage, last Friday morning, the people of Virginia City were thrown into a gold excitement, before which all former ex citements must pale. The facts, as we get them' from apparently well-anthenticated sources, are briefly as follows : Mr. Brown, a German, or Norwegian, and one of the originial discoverers of the celebrated Gould A Curry lode, of Nevada, and afterwards of the Brown lode in Nelson's Gulch,in this Territory,was engaged in sinking a shaft on the "Uncle Sam" lode, about the head of Dry Gulch,some four miles from Helena. He had sunk near twenty feet, when, the indications not suiting him, he concluded to change his courie by drifting ip hill from the bottom of his shaft. He had advanced in this direction about ten feet, when he reached a gold deposit which, in richness and ex tent, has, perhaps, no parallel in the history of gold mining. Gold, in almost solid masses, glittered be fore his bewildered vision. For two weeks longer, unknown to others, he tunneled into the golden wall. Secreted about him, he had accumulated several gunny-sacks, literally filled with the precious metal, when longer secresy became impracticable, from the very extent of his unexpected wealth, and Mr. Brown proceeded to record and secure his property, when the public were informed of the great discov ery. It is said that he now keeps a strong guard, night and day, over his seemingly incomputable wealth, while he himself, unassisted, delves into the golden walls around him, and continues multiplying his sacks of precious ore. One person who was ad mitted into Mr. Brown's drift. states that it pre sented a scene of wealth more akin to a picture of the imagination than actuality. Gold ! gold ! gold ! met the view on every side-above, below and all around-and reflected back its rich hues in the glare of the candle, as if this subterranean vault hadbeen hewn out of a solid ledge of the yellow metal. This gold is found in a well defined ledge, fully fve feet in width. The gold vein is three feet wide three-fourths of the entire substance therein being pure gold; the remainder mainly bismuth. On each side of this rein, there is a casing of one foot of quarts, which will assay from $500 to $2,000 to the ton. The very wall-rock is rich. Specimens can be seen at the City Book Store. Whether this is, to use familiar mining terms, a "blow-out " or a " pocket," we are not prepared to admit or deny. But be it either, millions are " lying around loose." We can scarcely realise that this is a distinct, continuous ledge, as, in that case, so vast an amount of gold would affect the standard of gold valuation throughout the commer cial world. But our informant, whom we know to be a man of reliability, assures us that a distinct ledge has been traced fully seventy-five feet. Further and more positive information will be given in our next. PROSPECTORS PaoBABLY ix PERIL.-From Mr. J. H Haynes, a quartz prospector well known to citi zens, and who has just returned from a tour on the Yellowstone, north-east of the head of Shield's river, we learn that there is ground of apprehension for the fate of nine prospectors, who had been ope rating in that region. When Mr. H. and party met them, they themselves had "' lost their reckoning." These nine men had been in the mountains near two weeks, and were confident, when the two parties met, that they were within ten miles of Bozeman City. Their provisions were entirely exhausted, and half the number were on foot. Instead of being within ten miles of Bozeman City, Mr. Haynes thinks they must have been fully one hundred miles therefrom, and were moving directly away from that point. Bozeman was the nearest settlement. As the recent storms were just coming on, there is no knowinng what may have been their fate. Being plenty of game in that section, however, and having firearms with them, we may reasonably indulge the hope that they will 'et, if they have not already, " come out all right.' Tau "SBaLn."-We believe a "Sealer" was elec ted in this County at the September election, and the custom of "sealing" will be common to Utah and Montana. We hope the recipient of this very neces mary office will enter upon his labors on Monday, and not cease them until the weights and measures of every establishment in Madison County have been compared with the most correct standard obtainable. Every day complaints .we made to us of establish ments where the weights are not above suspicion; and rumors that " Count Murat" has successors are rife in the business community. Sensitiveness on this point is evidence of guilt, and all honest men will rejoice in the opportunity of submitting their weights to the inspection of the Sealer. There is no smaller trick known in business than keeping false weights. The Legislature wisely provided for the office, and we hope its duties will be faithfully performed. His Howoa Junoe Wvrca, in his instructions, last month, to the Grand Jury of Walla Walla county, W. T., closes thus: "Courts are established to administer law, as, upon the whole, it is coaidered ir that manner justice may be the more efeetually attained. But bitom iaefieiency or eoor ruption on the pert of those charged with the administra tion of iaw, the people bil to receive protection in their rights, pesous and lives, they have very generally and very properly taken their protection into their own hands." His Honor has taken a juridical view of the matter; theugh, at irat thought, the assertion may seem con tradictory and absurd. To question the propriety of the people proteeting themselves when courts are inefeetive, is to ay there can be no intermedilte condition between their being governed by duly estabdished laws and their having no protection. Upon the same train of reasoning that we prove the neeesaty of regular courts of justice where they can be maintained in their authority, we arrive at the right and necesity of reorting to other means when they cannot be. As Owraewox Ocans Lar.-An opposition line of stamers, it is said, will soon be established be twee- n 8n Frasco and Victoria. The icreasin trade of Idaho and Montaas is makain itself felt among Western capitalists. Some of our enter plin Missouri steamboatmu might ind it to their adantae t aput of their attention to ardthe Colu ia. A lrey competition is open ing between the t-and West, in s -our markets. Let they qestio of routus be airly tested: we take both sides. Tndo wrs -s Wuer.-The paper aof I.swito and of Walls walls we diemmoi the mears ao dilsrst route from these pbnts ever which to ship 7pliuAo Mainstea. 'ham snet is ottaIar am I t mp W t n to hotksiles, if the folks the a ptequii.J t goodt beat the Temsies a eqg . i~ We wil have sose ýelas .ps wa raet rely matt.re, TELEGRAPHIC. n the Flihdpphi, god moonced that ).D. , delegtte front who had proeeed the anmiditionsl relea of John Mitchell, ms present. Tlds maounement electri ed the Con s, and three chees were gives for President Jonson, three for the United States, three for lllgan and three for John Mitchell. It was some time before the cheering ceased, and every member of the Congrees joined in it in the most earnest manner. An Irish banner was presented to the Chairman by the Canadian delegates. New York, Oct. 25. T he erald's Charleston correspondmt says, J-a. L. Orr, formerly Speaker of the Hose of Repres tative of the United States, received a mjority of the votes in Charleston for Governor, and te tiket known as the mechanics' and working men's ticket was sacceessfl. A correspondence between Secretary Seward and Gov. Perry is published, in which the latter, in response to inquiries as to when he shall cease to exercise the functions of his oice, is informed that be is expected to continue to act until relieved by order of the President. The World's correspondent says, accounts from every part of the State indicate that Wade Hampton has been undoubtedly elected Governor of South Carolina. In the city of Charleston the vote estaid for Orr, 785; Hampton, 661. In the perish the vote stands, 225 for Hampton and 61 for Orr. Washington, Oct. 25. The Hon. Freeman Clark, Comptroller of the cur rency, has written a reply to the card of Governor Pierpont, in which the latter said that he had never asserted that the people of the South would not be taxed to pay part of the national debt. Clark, in his letter, unqualifiedly asserts that he did expre. such sentiments. ... . Washington, Oct. 24. Oen. Gmat's report of the active military opera tions for 1864 and '65 is concluded, and will soon be sent to the SeCretary of War. It is reported that Wirts has been found guilty of the charges for which he has been on trial, and that he will be sentenced on Monday. Fort Laramie, Oct. 24. On the night of the 22d, Indians appeared on the Overland route, near Cottonwood Springs, and drove the mail coach into the post at that place. The same day they attacked a portion of the garrison at Alkali and drove them into that post. On the 23d, they attacked and burned two trains near the latter place, killing three men, and also destroying several hun dred feet of telegraph wire. Shortly afterwards, Colonel Flemings, with a detachment of the 6th West Virginia cavalry, attacked them, losing two men. The Indian loss is not reported. Gen. Wheaton is taking vigorous measures to pun ish the savages. The line is already repaired, the Indians having been driven off the road, and the road will be kept open and the line of telegraph up. Full reports from all points of the district attacked are not yet received. Eight Indians have thus far been reported killed. They were killed near Valley Station, about one hundred miles west from Alkali Station. The returning Powder river expedition is near Fort Sedgwick, and the Indians attacked the road from 100 to 150 miles, on each side of the returning column. mammm immnn mil m NEWS SUMlHARY. IscDnaNTS of the late violent earthquake shocks throughout California flood the columns of recent California exchanges. Counties south of San Fran cisco, as far as Santa Cruz, suffered more severely than elsewhere. The motion was from east to west. Persons standing or walking in the streets were thrown forward, backward and every way, and could hardly maintain their feet, while those who were in houses hastened to escape, but found it dificult to reach the doors, being thrown from one side to the other, while buildings seemed to be swaying and pitching like ships in a rolling sea. The low lands along streams and rivers in Santa Cruz county opened in fissures and spouted water like geysers, filling up the beds with water several feet. Ia San Pete county, Utah, on the 17th ult., a band of thirty Indians entered a field near Fort Ephraim, where a man was digging potatoes, and killed the nman, his wife, and a girl aged seventeen years. In r-tiring, they killed a man named Thorp, at a mill adjacent. They also killed two men coming from the kanyon, and then fled into the mountains. At latest accounts they were not captured. The time for these blood-thirsty demons to "become a white and delightsome people," confidently referred to by the "Book of Mormon," our Mormon friends must, in view of much incidents, concede to be afar off. A PAnwr from Boise City were lately victimised by the report of one John Parton, into a mining humbug, which resulted in the death of one of their number by the bullet of a hostile Indian, and the narrow escape of the entire expedition. The expe dition conducted by Parton advanced as far as the northeast corner of the Colorado desert; but found nothing that would "pay." Parton's story was, that in washing the wounded foot of his mule, he found a small piece of gold, which led to the discbvery of rich prospects. The party, however, were satisfied that he never obtained a prospect in that country. TaH Walla Walla Statesman, of the 13th ult., says: "A gentleman arrived here this week from Blackfoot who, while coming through the Oceur d'Alene moun tains, found two distinct gold quartz ledges in those mountains, some forty miles beyond the Mission. The pieces from one ledge assayed at the rate of $800 per ton, and the other at $1,100. The discov erer, accompanied by one of our best citizens, will return in a few days to give the ledges a more thor ough prospecting. A COMET is now making its way toward the earth, and may be seen some distance north of the fourstars of the constellation Pegasus. It shows very dimly at present, but as it is coming directly toward the earth, it may soon be plainly seen, without the aid of a glass. It appears now as a pale light with a bright spot in the center. THasNevada Enterprise says highway robbers are becoming alarmingly numerous about Virginia, in that State, and thinks they should be "regularly licensed or driven from the country." If the latter cruel alternative is resolved upon, they can come to Montana with the assurance that TraEv AY STAY HERE FOREVER. A MAN and his wife, about tan days since, were murdered in Skull Valley, Utah. The bloody deed was supposed to have been committed by white men. No clue of the murderers had been obtained. Being in poor circumstances, booty could not have been the object. The whole affair is wrapt in mystery. Twr Indians have again ran eff all the stock on the Boise and Chico stage line and destroyed most of the stations. lshe coaches will not be started again un til next year. LETTER LIST. Letters remaining unclaimed in the Post Office Vir. ginia City, Montana Territory, November 2d, 1865. To obtain these letters the applimant must call for "ad verused letters," give the date of this list, and pay twc cents for adveruag. Abbott L F Allport Jno D Armitage Joe R Ackley G B Albemay A G Arnold Jas W Adams Miss F C Allen Miss M E C Attlesey Robt Akerman B J-2 Andrews Jan A 8 Ausdemmore H Alexander E V H Ankrom Jno H Austin W W Allenson Wm 8 Barnes Dr G W Bennett Thos-2 Brison A W " Geo A Bennie Robt Bryson Edward Bailey 8 F Bense Francis Brower O M Barnwell H-2 Berminghom E RNLBranard W E Barker Chas Bond E F Brownell Miss L-2 Bartlett Elijah Boyce Jno E Bradshaw Hugh Barris L-2 Bought Hiram Burns Anthony Baugh W J-2 Bogg T J - RR Beren as Brown Mason Bultrey Austin-2 Be ith Harry "Peter Butler Noble Berchel Alois Branham T H Burteh Jas E Bemer B " Jas M-2 Bywaters Mrs EE Blaek Alex Branch Darius " Mrs M E " Jao R Brockway Harvey Campbell Jus Catl 8 R Coekrell Elias " 8MN Cavaaugh M- Coleman H K Qarpenter NP Chateos Cooper Jno T Cave Jao T-2 Chesser Thos Cook Chas J Catlett Jas B Chetevoy Jas Corbin D C Callighan Thea Chureh WW W Oow Jos Calenes H-2 Chord J 8 Crowell Alvin Charon G B-2 Clark Mrs Sumn Craven Lieut J W Chew Wm Cline Lewis Crow Gales Calse W Coats Ja L Canalgha E V aslBfdna Mill Co Cosgrove Henry Curtis JuW Cardwell Beuj Cyler Robt Ccreh H C Davis W D Danls Jas D Donnelly Owen J B DOa AM Dre)sa Wm Dain Mrs M Dixon Geo W Duffey Thos Dolke Thos W Dathitle Mis N Dw RG b ortl -9 Elliott D F Epler Ed B Edwards Jao " JoP F Estes Jas R eedT M IErhary Jas hnaerT D pl rs M Fost Anson Boa eear F A ert Maro Foard Geo B Fisher J K.3 Flory A P Foster Firbmb P F A-S PFet Miss M 11aM Virgil Fex at Wreath O D Plt Gi Jo Flkerseon Ws Freeler Andy BaM ~a Gitrten Mebte" Ody Wu C GOln Jos GlOsek Frank Gresbeek D C Orro Mie ML sir Greenwood A P Gerr ls M ALA C Gmop CMa B Uo wm Ins Ge** aGrr W4 @tmbre has A 0 " I' Thar G s I 9 " NThe Ms A May" N R Hewamr WaMt Wgi m V Ham Jas A " EdJ s M 04 Hansen A Gea. Harper Jas T ala AAM HnJE G R3- Helde J H-24 ISale A Harris W. J HHebts y H~ it- W BHankal H eII B pYmta Ni Wi E HettlerOo ewllN H WRN Joa Henry C H- BHomer Ed Brsr bam " Cha C H C eM Harlmd&a Bs " Jon Hgn DJ Hedsaer 8S Jamss J- JS aDS Jea PT Jaekman A " WmH " 8JE Jewett Elabeh-2 " 8 N " Morans Johnston Geo B " EP s rm " Jas R " W " Waikia Jolly Jos " R J Kelly Jao A Krby W Kidder Go H Kent Jeremiah King Wi ppp L B Besler Jno Kiiby Wa Kmbt G H King Jno Kiokade Wam Kugges RP ags Henry Lewis T-2 Liai ed de H-9- " 8tepbes Lowe W H Laird Jno P " Henry Lout Wm Latta Jsu-2 Lever Nash L y Jao T Lambrick Wm Leetch Alex Lfkli Cyrus Lage Chas Looker A J Lyneh Jao LeechG GA Lytle R J TMcCloud Jno Maple B ( Mayfoeld A A MKeaen Geo A Metaker Jno MayGo B MoCamron J D Martidale Wm el W McAfee A M Marony Timothy Majors E H McCulloch Joe MIsters Jau F Mende A A McFarland Wm Mitchel D W Meor A MeKinsey Geo E Mills Wa A Meroer P P M-Henry E Morn J A Metier J M MoGrew C L Mollard F-3 Merritt Jno W McDonnell Jas T Moore Wm R Meek Sarah J McDonald D J Morgan Jas Miller Ben McGlothlin A J Moore Jas Mose Miss J L McC1abeh J L Myers A Moore Isaac I McLean Jno G " Henry Montgomery Geo McIntosh J B Murray Jno Muleshy Jack McDonald Jas A-2 Marble Jno Mudd Geo W-2 MoArthur Duncan Mansield Miss K Muller H P MoCray Thos Nash J 0 Nicholls Wm Noble J L Nelson O F Norris Noah " DB Neal DR " Alex P Owens Mrs H J O'Brien Phillip O'Neal David " WT O'Donnell J G " Ja O'COnner Michael Parhaur J J Pierce Nathan Porter Jas H Parkharst David Richard " Gain " EN " EP Pattellow Jno Pattee Joe Price Jno & O 8 Parcel 8 B Palmer T J Pierson Silas Post R W Parsons J H Piokens Jno Potted C 8 Parker Miss L-2 Pitcher Geo E Powell J B Peel I - Pillsbury A W Price Win C Pearson Thos Powell H J-2 Putnam R E-2 Jas R-2 Powers J M Puntney Jno C Rayv B F Rhodamer Jno Roberts 8 J Ran Jno F Riggs Wm E Rushb JR Reell Robt Riker Wm H Ryan Wm Redford A O Rieyel Phillip BB Reesman J T " AG Ross RP P Reid Mrs Clarissa Rice Stephen Rhond Thosee F "Mrs VT " DB Richards Thos J " Jno H Rightmire Jas Ritchey Sam Reeves J J Richardson Robt Rebelin W J " Jno W Raevig Wm Richardson M, Smith Geo W Six Wm H Stimson A Miss 8 F Shaw H V Stover W C ' L H Sloan Geo J B Strickland Ben Jno H Snyder A Sterling A " PD Sneling A F 8pillaire C 8 H" H Snow Reuben Snow Robt " Chas Squier Enoch Southern F " TAH Snyder Wm Sampson 8 SC B Sullivan Jah Simmons Jno Schie O J St Clair Chas Shaekley L P Secrist Geo W Stronge Philip Shelp C C W Seger C V Stevens D C C W Shields C B Shett M 'Stanley Nat Sheridan Thes Sims Jno Strickland O F Shirley J L Simpson B F Stephenson Wm Sherman B Sill Wm B Sumter Miss Annie Sangwin Jno Shipp E A Strickland Frank Schleigh Wm H Shepherd Chas Strathon Dr FM Thrasher J M Tehan Jno Thompson Rufus Tibbits Jas Thompson E N T H Tanner A W Tibbits B J Tunison T F Taylor Dan T " R Turner HeBos Tatem S C Thompson 8 C A Twombley A MeL Taylor Joe Tinsley J H-2 Toney Asa C JF Upson Jan 8 Voorhees Peter D Van Cleve Sam Valentine D F right Cyrus Waphington H Weyrich F L Woodley Jas Wayant H Willis H Worley B Wade Jno Wiley Jao W Wilcox Lewis Wear R G Wiant Jano G Wilson Jno W Warner D C Wight Alex Williams Lewis Walkins Thee Worth A Wilcox H D Webb Wyatt White Henry Wilson L W Walker Jno L Wilson Jno Winbigler Geo Wakefield Geo-2 Worden David Williams C 0 Wade Abraham Wright Cyrus Whitsett 0O Wilcox C H" J Walter Jno Williams Ben F Worthington MissM Ward Jos H White Thos H Young Jacob R Zimmerman L Ziegler Mrs L JAMES GIBSON. P. M. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. J.OsPH GRIFFITH. W . TiostpIOw. CRIFFITH & THOMPSON, Contractors and Builders, OFFICE--Corner of Idaho and Van BuCen Streets, Virginia City - -.. - - Montana. -:0: rrAll kinds of Mill Work, and Stone. Brick, or Frame Building done to order, or on Contract, on the shortest notice. Particular attention paid to the Building of Mills. All work warranted to give seatisfactioou. u Judge J. Tufts. New York City; Chatam Bank. New York City; Clark & Upson Mining Co., Hartford, Conn.; Prof. H. A. Ward, Rochester, New York; John G. Copelin. St. Louis; Erfort & Petring, St. Louis; And to business men generally of Virginia City, M. T. 63-tf Billy Mather's .IIa-I AI R AOOD 3. MAIN STREET, - - HELENA. 1-OUR new Phelan Tables, with all the latest improve £ ments. The Bar constantly kept supplied with the very best imported Liquors and Cigars. 2-87 Special Notice. A LL persons knowing themselves indebted to the firm Sof Creighton & Co., formerly doing business on the corher of Wallace and Van Buren streets, are reqUested to rall at once, at the old stand of the Sfm, liquidate their indebtedness and save cost. CREIGHTON & CO.. 63-4t per Jaas McIStrAu. Geo. H. Hanna. Thec. Hoopes. H.1.E ..I ie CO., Wallace Street, Virginia City, M. T., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL G-R C- EIRS ALN COMMISSION MERCHANTS Have on hand and fr sale a complete aesortaet of C I4C0 CB1 FtLl SI consisting i part of SUGAR, COFFEE, TEAS. DRIED FRUITS OF ALL KINDS CAN FRUITS OF ALL KINDS, OYSTERS, SARDINES, etc., etc. lopea, .arI d . reag£e, or HARDWARE OF ALL KINDS. OATS, BARLEY, POTATOES RAkCHE BUTTER, AND EGG8, 34-P Netlce. -OMe, an aMa. a NMla If May se amt eIMt Silr ty day Sey wl · be saM to } as HIGGINS & HAGGADORN HAVI OQ HAND AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, TM otlar esek of Of Colol Sewyer's Tinm, eaiotng of 18,000 lbs. Dried Apples, 2,000 lbs. of Zante Crrants, 500 gallons of Golden and Sugar Home Syrup., 3,000 lbs. of Navy Beam, 1,000 galloms of Kaerosme Oil, 10,000 lbs. of Colee, 100 cane of Star Candles, -0 groi of Matches, 10,000 lbs of prime Bacon, 200 sacks of begar, 150 boxes Raisins. A COMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF CAN FRUIT AND OYBTERS 50 boxes Sardines, 3,000 lbs. of choice Teas, 2,000 lbs. Smoking and Chewing Tobacco. These goods are offered with the desire to close them out within the next ten days. The attention of Jobbers and Retailars is invited at once. ALSO FOR SALE, COMPLETE, Fifty-Seven Scl tler Freight Wagons. 61-3m* IMMENSE STOCK -OF - AT STONEWALL HALL, WALLACE STREET. VTTirgiia City, It. I'. Ponainsky & Behm, HAVING BOUGHT the large and well selected stoek of goods of 8tar, Oppeubeimer & Co, and added their complete asotmet of' dry goods C.om Nevra City, are now offering to the public the beet ma rtment of VIZ : MERINOS, DELAINES, SILKS, MUSLINS, PRINTS, etc. A GREAT VARIETY OF H0P SKIRTS, DRESS TRIMMINGS, Flannels of all Shades and Grades, ULA[Is' FURNISHING GOODS, GENERALLY FOR GENTLEMEN, The Finest selectio ofd PIECE GOODS, CASSIMERS, JEANS, etc. BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS AND CAPS. A complete mld bemutiful assortmest of Geseta' Irtiakiegs Geods, of the latest style ad best qmulity. AT RIJCE8 TO SUIT PUTRCHASERS. REIEMBER STONEWALL BALL. -o hearmnag our tmae to the peple at Meatana Terdtlr and the Ihabibais d Nevada, eqpesaBly, hr their ifom' liberal patmage, we mdsolt a oo.baee d the sme iL our new psee d bdaem O. Ih, a mie time, de&ay thetaellag epe dear erada ides, bshould they wih stll to patroe as. POZNAINJSKY & BEBM. -11" Saeesemsor to tar, Oppmbeahmur & CO To the Voters of the Ist Ward. VIoGINIr Cr.l, Noe. 4th, 1865. AN edett wiln ~he a Tuesday, Nov. 14, 1865, in the 1st Ward do Vtrgnh Cty, to eleet two Akldermen or said Ward, to vl the rvam.aem emaued by the r.igua tion ofColJm. J Sheet h he abgaase of Ad eman J RmsselL Polls to be at the 'Nkme e1 the Brav." W. H. CI D. C. C. J.. CASTNER, U-ft Aetitg Mayor To the Voters of the id. Ward eleetm CITY, z :n. 4, 1Md 31 .4kmba will be heM Tumodk, Nev. 14, 165, to A abet as Adrý 1x tba ld wari, 111 t auanr} a tbe reig 4 d, Ald inmr J. X.Xieg. PO eu to b rl · l bgQaea W. H. CNLZs D.C. C. J. M. CASTNZN, 61-f r A Vapor Legal Notice. Imp IQCHAZL r UTNIN3: Me -TYeme a b7 ami 1 1M ,at vbw. us. CI1 b e r ho lUtb dOa.ober UU ad u, e. m Ismie1 A Cmi gi draihon Ceem d 5gtYru dpS. w o me - of A-.& e17 . b bW "d w taw tis ue en quired to qpein, mwwmmdemw t d t ea rn lw N y Vab T. Sa Z1ois ale (bsmpy tbr Cs..h =6I& k