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THE MONTANA POST'.
A- N'er-vpaper, Devoted to the Mineral, Agricnltural and Commercial Interests of Montana Territory. )L. 4, NO. 40. HELENA. MONTANA, FRIDAY, JULY 10. / - S WHOLE NO. 200 nnA El ,i gulmR |' .' NT l Inn Mi MM n igH ilUm M~Mn, Imgg n ig mmgmm mmllR nmg uM I • • • ig gi gggl gun • • g gg mgl Ng ggm |I I • • g Nil • | g g ml I g IN I nil • I I I I ga I Ilang gaaggagg g gglmm l man gN • g I I g m IN mini Ig g g g The lelitana Post. '.1- II. 'rIIazL-4 - ý:DITOn. U "ni~i Unuia RFPu blican Ticket, lE~i'TiRAL U. S. GRANT, OF ILLINOIS. In I"Iiau:º l "I\EI:\"r .O F X t t't "" I're~acl er.cq C. Pr, -f acIi'm .I r. I " ..r: A E . . tr. ,f I- at 1. "r .. . i..gz iu I.*.. - 1 ., Gen. 4 Firat . . - S . ,. *"."rr, Il:.s. ; l'litje~ii. .u....1: .l ctý.>". i'Lu\-nneut : Nut~ * 1:....: I I. :1.1 4 iii Ty : Na?.Ntio's Natal \ N R.1; \.. Ai.d:.a'r , '. 1 ri[E .t ItIIEINGN1ENT. lI n ".·II ·i tar · Ilo iiii~ait party (l ec trava .r ti jul~lic nion e, tainting the Na Slit. :,c,"1 irnI.*~ing imlmigration. mo'ur at Deuiocratic Convtntion. 1 r. 0111-s oft the above, With the in.. n., icr at nine:;v in ther ~iadct, is Srtfrc -hiini. It cos' -the rii:v 1,1%'i0i the I enlocratic rebel t r'vs at tvu'.te of nmoney r:r 1. ýIcc 4Kýclfl. OT1 ' Ic"Iaiuor.tt. to * I !t 1).; i.., .blhin (. I;:",eku"ridge, ai I the five hlundired thiiii h.tr' v. with Inhion l~nvoni"ts. * o..I it, ran; the wvar 1:"" c :"ý;"ý ,Ii Irea-ul on Nort lic n 1'. liill' li, !orI rtiuc". trl a nut *n) le:, than .t).(_9F) nuon, in thuree Ir \N e hiave pail oitl three hunidred :' -ft:le National deb-t in the same :r 1"i~l s lai unº nfl the debris :un i; tled eaims. : ling great material r.jeat such na- ns-continental rail Sy's. .:,Iri r an river imnprovement :: 1 .ning I .'i, ns of rations and u.v o fte.t,: 'itle and shelter the ;i.titute anti suttering of tihe South. S k : wll aIs ,laHcks. whose petitions :"..i in upi,,:' the *. erniime t. "-Ex :::nt w-te." IHlas not the cry of 1).·1 " - r: "." I .een loud and continuous ':u ti., pt:ties: p)pers and village :t 2;, - :,l:,rs to every l.tnwiltcratic 'nl:I., er i. t o 'nretS, delltnClt!ing pay :..,,t,.h.!f a a uch mr.ior. as the National ,". ;".r the slaves that tGod created .ith liberty for a right, if the Declar ;:tion of Independendnce is true. And vet "V!,nmutir and his "dear friends" of riot .atorietny, prate of extravagance. Si::nting the National -redit. ' The ol:m)ination of ' endleton by the few \\etern States caused a depreciation of ,r , ,curities albroad, an a sudden flow t l aids to this country, fromn which "i..v idid no,t recover until the platform and nomination of the Republicans at Siicag, sent them up several per cent., Schiange so marked and healthy that Svn the, N. Y. Ir,rld noticed it with avor. "Tainting the National credit." \\ hen the La ('rosse )Denmcrat, 300,000 ,i:,ies per week, the exponent of the :.ma:se:- of I)emocrats and more read and :iWd to than any DIemocratic paper in the cuntrv. declares unqualifiedly for wholesale I:tI'EI'DIATION. A nation gives :,, ~rurity for payment but its pledged ::itih. That we have declared inviolable; hat Democracy has already violated. Impedinr immigration." Does it xk like it. when a dozen keels a day .r, grating on our shores, bearing 500, 1,09- sturdy toilers here every month \ millions per year. The debt per lih.adl is. in Britain. $135: in Holland, '111: in the United States, less than u7O. 1Olffering them homes and liberty :',r !.v,*rly and serfdom; labor and re ward for labo>r and exaction; man's ,.iuality fo' ·"-an's tyranny; is that to ' - cl: stuff as Seymour's for S-' . flimsy, growling, sore S ,.A. .le coagulating elements a - New York. When it • .."r: - '. sour. M .: -h. i S. Senator from Flor 'lah .·riL.t szort term was originally rori ' eý" .a, is a graduate, and was, rs . P" F-''eor in the Universlty at A ~:i,: s. a"i served as an officer at t.- army Tr ,,u, hout the war. TIEl OIVERLAND MAILS. The Bill t, aimend section 4, of the Act of the law of March 25th, 1864. which huposes letter postage rates on all tran sient printed mail matter conveyed be twee-(n :Iho western boundary of Kansas and the eastorn boundary of California, came up in the House. June 19th. The Senate had amended the bill to read that the .-xtra I estage should cease Sept. ;~3, 1468. and the iques:ion was on its r'ef r, uce to the ('oimlnittee on Post Of fi,^e.; anid Post RJoadls. Quite a lengthy debate e'uued, Mr. Cavanaugh leading ,il: ani Ie-.rrs. C'hi!c)tt, of Colorado. C:ark, of Kansas. Ashley, of Nevada, anud Bashtord oft Arizona, followed on the uait. side. Mr. C'avanaugh made a strong argument. presenting tihe facts that it was a tax upon the intelligence ,of the people of the territories, and tLat men in the mining regions could not be conie suiscribers to eastern papers, like those of other communities, because from the nature of their avocation, they wverr migratory, shifting continually fron one field of industry to another. lSpeaking of the character of the moun tain nien, he -aid truthftully: "And furthermore, let me state that gentle men are mistaken as to the character of the people who live in those Territories. We are a reading people in the West. It is not the fossilized remnants of civilization who go to the West, but the yrung men with living blood in their veins. It is the poor young men and not the wealthy who go to the West; the young, the middle aged, and old men of ener gy and pluck from New England and the Middl" s-tates ; and, sir, they go to reap for tune in the development of the great resour ces which God in his wisdom has hidden in our mountai.-s, men who create and build up new States, who found new Cotmmonwealths, who add n;t ; stars to the national flag; who lay broad andi deepl the foundations of civilization in tie i:ithertu unlknown sections of the conti nent ; ,tlm' :x' aud the rifle leal, the church a.: ti ,,, .c .hookl-h,:,:- a foll.o . N' wr. \r. ,,lp eakr, I ask the gentleman from Illiu.,m wciy ti.e people of tlh; Territories I h.::v,' in-l s~houll L, taxed. why this embar -o, hmll II, l::iii ,on tuh ir intiliigence. why the Derpartment :t Wa.-lington should die crianinaite between the Rocky mountains and Kian-ac. .Nebraska, (Iregon, and California. Why lay this emab.argo upon the keystone! which holds the arch of the nation together ? Aye. this golden keystone; for almost every mountain pas, gulch, and canyon is rich with the precious metals, and he" teeming soil yields bounteous harvests to repay the hus bandlman for his industry." Idr. C'hilcott dnoucid1 the u u ust dis crmiination against the people of the tl.rr.:ories, and the compulsory payment ( ! 96 cents per pound on mail nmatter, W.. "!e the postage to foreign nations was only one fourth that amount. Mr. Clarke was in aver of the bill taking effect in mediately, and thought that \Vells.Fargo & Co. should not carry letters by their express. to the exclusion of printed pos. tal n:attcr. Mr. Ashley, of Nevada, said that by September the distance between the two approaching ends of the Central road, would be only 700 or 800 miles, re. quiring st1age transportation of mails. WVeils, Fargo & Co. exacted 96 cents per pound from California to Nevada, and now put in the bid for carrying the mails at $1 .;00,000, while anmothler party made a bid as low as $335,000. lie presumed if this bill passed. the increase of mail watter would be principally newspapers an1 l'priodicals, but the shortened time of staging should make amends for the increase of quantity. lie stated further that owing to the peculiar phraseology of the bill, persons living east of the line of Oregon, were not affected by the old l embargo. Although this is substantially true, and probably would be so construed by the courts, we can assure Mr. A. that the people of Montana have been requir. ed to pay the same excessive rates as those of other territories. Mr. Bashford concurred in the views of the others. and all hoped the Senate amendment to section 4 would pass. Mr. Farnsworth explained that the contract with Welils, Fargo & Co. expired September 30; the bids for the letter mails were already in, and the recent high bid of Wells, Fargo & Co. was in anticipation of the heavy increase of printed matter which they would be required to carry under the passage of this act, while the others were made with reference to the con, tinuance of section 4. The question was now whether the House was willing to add $900,000 to the expenses of the De partment. The vote was then taken on the motion to refer, and lost. The House concuried in the Senate amendment, and the letter postage rates on printed matter ceases Sept. 30. From a careNhl reading of the debate na the Glebe, we think all the Delegates failed to reach the root of the evil. It Wells, FPrgo & Co. comply with the terms of their con tract, it is certainly a matter that the people will not tpke exception to. if, in addition they carry express letters at eight times the goverament rates. That is simply a question between, them and the party sending the letter. The evil n tin the contract. As it now stands, and has stood for years, the Company is only required to carry ix hundred pounds of mail matter eaeh trip, which in many instances they exceed. Several large rocnms at St. Joe were two years i ago, filled with valuable publications, by this process, and never forwarded. The Company is also delivering the mails north of Salt Lake in half the time, and doing service nearly doubly as often as required by contract. The remission of rates will have but little effect, unless the Dlpartmient requires the transporta tion of tdl mail matter. We have long felt assured that the Overland Mail Com pany was not only complying with the terms of their contract, but, so far as Montana is concerned, doing far more than it required, andt in anticipation of the amendment taking effect, and WVells, Fargo & Co. continuing as com tractors, as would appear from the dec lara:ion; of Mr. Farnsworth, we hope to see the terms such that we may not see the desires of the RWest for intelligence limited to so many pounds avoir dupois,previously decided upon by Post, masters and contractors. When people pay their board bills promptly, they do not relish being put on half rations with out just cause. IN COUNCIL. Horatio Seyvmur is permanent Chair man of the Democratic National Con vention ; Belmont has the lobbies pack. ed with anti-Pendletonians; the third of the Murphy resolutions declare the bonds shall be paid in strict accordance with the terms, and the first recognizes "the extinction of slavery,"and "the her isy of secession." The War Democrats and the bond'holders are ahead so far, and if a majority of the Convention favor the platform, Pendleton is a "dead duck." The 3d, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th and 9th Re solutions of the Chicago Convention, and the 3d, 6th and 8th of the proposed. New York Platform, are almost identl~ cal in their objects:-the strict fulfil ment of the National obligations; econ omy of government expenditures, fund ing of the National debt, equalization of taxes, restoration of civil government, and a recognition of the rights of nature alized citizens. There is some difference as to the causes that render r 'tor necessary, and the Democracy return thanks to Andrew Johnson for nursing and declaring pardon for those whom he once vowed "'should take back seats in the work of reconstruction;" whom he exempted, to the number of .40,000, from the privileges of citizens whom he declared, so late as his last Annual Mes. sage, should be punished, but whom he restored to all rights, privileges and pre. rogatives of citizens before he got drunk on the 4th of July. The proclamation was issued early in the day. Mr. Chase also had a cracker of comfort to sooth him. The platform, a synopeis of which is telegraphed, is doubtless the most di" plomatically arranged system of catch words the Democracy will be able to framu ; anud s:ill, as compared with the recorded expressions and doctrines of the leaders and organs of the party, it is more vulnerable than the heel of Achilles, and as racketty as a Five Point Tenement house. It very clearly chal. lenges the mass of the party to a fight, and we anticipate the Pendletonians will take up the gage, as it will afford them a test of strength before voting on candidates. The internal convulsions of 'the Democratic party have commenced, and the bulletins announcing the con, dition or collapse of the patient will be looked for with the liveliest interest by the "friends of the family." The Demo. cracy had not a principal they could call their own, for the last six months, and they are anxiously anticipating the man. ufacture of a few of the "eternal" kind. by the assembled wisdom, weakness, variagated post bellumn patriots, and would-be government papsauckers at Tammany Hall. It is the tempest in real life; Grant in the role of Prospero, the Genius of Liberty as Ariel, and the democracy oat at sea in a fated craft. The storm begins toaday. Speed thee, Ariel, the Sycorax of Rebellion is dead. but modern democracy is her litter,- Caliban. Your mission is "comfes.io is their counsels." Are You Ulgurats, or T'lre. ereseu The PosT oberv "the hmach road, ift eit, wuL1d be copuarativ n othiag to as; a brIach liae, .veyta.. Now smch a s. gestioa this is sQpei.ial and has no age seat in in it watvr. It mak no ditalreo bI what same the li.ae trts Monta.ma is v banla. s Noires M e Mseotim with both ti Atlai sat paciac. It will be "msat temak liue tfrom Omaa to P -te dliss eof Mosetaa an take the be.lme oad and go ther to New York, Lea ma dciso or Poek.-[DreMo rt. The above sttles the ster, esmnl, sively, that the De dtses labods mea der a staasgly absurd hasllsnaa es is peposly endeaverisag to ded" tb. people'eo the ralsoed qassti.. Ita aot e that ter all the Damm~ st his aid o the subject of a batd vesd r is wholly ignorsat of the peoposedu mete sd t realm E ftat ti e;yet, it slre, these are mis-s'tatemesat that so respea table journal would wilfully make. The Branch Road to Montana is only intend ed to run from Soda Springs or vicinity into the Jefferson or Madison valleys. The Portland branch leaves the Central Road at another point and passes down Snake river. The two branch roads di verge from the point of starting, and the Montana Branch as reported is a line due north nearly 500 miles.with no other connection. After traveling over the 5100 miles, we would be as far from the great Atlantic cities as we would be in Helena, by the Northern road. The question was put to Mr. t'hilip Ritz in Washington, by the Directors of the Central, why the people of Walla Walla would not prefer the immediate Branch to the prospective Northern main line. "One reason," said he, "is that after we had traveled or shipped our goods one thousand mile. by your proposed Branch we would still be as far from Chicago as we were at home." The logic was ap parent, and it is to any one, except the Dcmocrat. We would not object to the name, but it does not "secure us con nection," except by hundreds of miles of a circumbendibus, and the assertion that the Central proposes to construct a road here that will be "a main trunk line from Omaha to Portland" is simply untrue. We refer to the Reports of Chief-Engineer Dodge on the subject. rthe intent of it is to crush the Northern road in its incipiency, withdrawing the aliment, and prematurely strangle the greatest project ever conceived for Mon tana. We hold that who encourages the Branch Road is an enemy to the Territory. Such is our honest and de liberate conviction, and so we shall speak. THE ALLI.S. Under the circumstances, IlDemocracy ought to feel proud of their military allies at New York and the military proud of their associates. A Conserv ative Soldier's ('onvention called by a do'en men discha'rged or resigning early in the war; others dubbing them selves with immense titles they never received from the government, and a few soured failures, marshalling the motley crew of suttlers, bummers, bounty jumpers and perhaps a few good but misguided soldiers, in league with a party whose papers and stumpers have denounced them with all the blas phemy and billingate their vocabu lary contained. Franklin forChairman: He had a corps before Fredricksburglh. He sacrificed two thousand men in an hour by an act of criminal stupidity that should have cashiered him. IIe lost the battle by it, after it was won (enls. Meade, Burnside and Robert E. Lee know this. He was relieved in dis grace and turned up to save the Union by making pretty speeches "full of sound and tury signifying nothing." Henry Clay Dean should make them a speech. He said of a crip pled Union soldier a few days since it Ottamna, Iowa, "these one-armed sol diers, who are thrust under our noses as objects of Charity, are fit carcasses for the gallows." It tallies nicely with the high toned proposition to pay them in gold. Brick Pomeroy, should make another speech to them calling them "thieves" "cut-throats," "booty bri gands" and a few other of his choice pet names, and then-they would prob ably have enough of Democracy. Still, birds of a feather mlADIMON COUNTY. The Democracy of Madison have made their selections. Mr. Russell, is nominated as colleague with Mr. Davis In the Council and we incline to the opinion, if elected he would "run in a crowd by himself" as Mr. Davis did on a mjority of the bills last session. Mr. Sam Word, the most talented member and best debater of the House last winter, is thrown overboard as also Mr. Frank Patton, who although not a Sait speaker, was one of their shrewd est nandciers, and that which is a scarce commodity in any party-a comscean tious politician. Mr. Dosegan has been a member of the House before, and his nomination is a concession to the Irish elepent which the McCulloch combina. tioms from out last year, to their sorrow. If a Democrat if to be elected in Madison county, we hops It will be Mr. Donegan. unet, plain spokme, bat honest, his west fbult is in adheming to a party for the same, wh>t retains nose of the p-iaples that ores msade it worthy of amars. The Tiemseer and Comis ismrs rae pWt Ismbmests. We mmiMs.r the sickts whole, a we.k es., sd4f the spolte s. exers them. Wslin Maison eosunty man -lest the fa ete thieas by over swe hundred majority. They have she mataeial, the eeragy, and the votes. -Use them. PrE .EMWTIONr Or LOE S. It is well known that under the earlier instructions of Commissioner Wilson. regarding the pre-emption of quartz leads under the Mining Laws of July, 1866, the officers of local Land Offices were aware that a conflict existed be tween the intent of the law regulating the number of feet that might be pre empted and the Commissioner's expo sition of it, and their duty in making entries under the law that would not lead to litigation was not clear. A let ter recently published in the POST sta ted that the Commissioner had recon sidered his instructions, and on more thorough knowledge of the facts of the case, had determined to revoke the for mer instructions and issue others in conformity to the intent of the law. The following letter to the Land Officers of Colorado, called forth by the diversi ties of opinion regarding the privileges of pre-emptors, places matters on a square basis, and to use the words of one of the Registers. " they can now begin to see daylight." We yield a goodly portion of our space to this let ter. which is of import to all who de sign securing titles to their Mineral Lands from the United States : DEPARlTMcrT O TH3 IlNTRIOR, (GnaERL LIAD Orvric, June 13, 1868. Rerister and Receiver United States Land OfJce, Desr,. Coloredo TerriCtrg : OGay.awaa :-The Hon. 0. M. Chilcott, from Colorado, has called the attention of this office to controversies existing in some of the mining districts, arising, it is said, from differences of opinion in relation to the proper construction of the mining act of July 26, 1866; some persons contending, it appears, that since its passage, a company formed merely for mining purposes and loca ting claims, can take 3,000 feet on the vein, although such company or association may be composed of less than fourteen individ uals. As the question may come before you in your official capacity, or on application from persons desiring information, the construc tion placed upon the last proviso of the fourth section of the act, b7 the General Land Office, is now communicated for the benefit of all concerned. The manner of making locations and the number of feet that can be taken on the same vein or lode, by an individual or an association, depends ! upon the rules and customs of miners of the respective districts, the act of July 26, 1866, in no respect superceding or modifying those customs except where they authorize the lo -a_ -- . mui *..t nu theae lode by any one person, or more thnn 3, feet by any association of persons. In such cases the statute restricts and reduces loca tions made since July 26, 1866, to the above named quantities respectively, as the maxi mum in each case, and this is the only differ ence existing between the local mining regu lations and the controlling act of Congress. An individual cannot since the date of the act locate more than 200 feet on the same lode, nor an association more than 3,000 feet, no matter how many persons may be associa ted together, or what the local customs may prescribe. Whether a company or association can take as much as 3,000 feet, depends upon the mining regulations of the particular district, and the number of persons associated in such company. Individuals cannot by forming themselves into companies locate a greater number of feet to each person than can be done by each acting separately. They may locate as a company, or an asso ciation, at the rate of two hundred feet to each individual embraced in it, with an addi tional two hundred to the discoverer, if the local custcm± permit that much to be taken, until 3,000 feet are located, after which no additional quantity can be claimed on the same lode by the same company, whatever may be the number of its members. In districts where the mining regulations limit locations to less than two hundred feet to each individual, or less than 3,800 teet to any association of persons, claimants will be restricted accordingly, such regulations re maining in full force, being unaffected by the act of Congress. These remarks apply wholly to original lo cations, made in pursuance of the rules and regulations of miners in the several mining districts. They have no application to claims in the hands of purchasers, and it is not to be understood, from what has been above stated, that a mining claim of 3,000 feet may not be owned and controlled by an association of less than fourteen persons, where possession is obtained by bona fide par chases for valuable consideration, or partly by purchase and partly by location, there be inl nothing in the act of July 26, 1884, to prevent an asociation composed of any num ber of individuals, from holding such claias, and upon proper application and proof, ob taining a patent therefor. When the mining act was first pased it was thought that among the great variety of lo cal rules and customs, existing in a thousand remote mining districts, and known to as only as they come here in actual caaes, there were probaly some authorising the location of large claims, amounting to 3,000 feet or more, by companies or associations, in con ideration of the construction of improve ments enhancing the value of large numbers of claims, as the building of a tunnel to drain the mieas of a certain lode, or system of lodes, or the erection of any other improve meats, seuring a common object and promo rig a commea interest, As sckh companies would not have been formed for the purpose of locating claims, and the privilege of doing ao, if conferred upon them at all, would have been in the na tare of a reward for having promoted the general welfare of a eartaia distriot by the zpemdtaen of ~ t sad labor in works of impmvemeut hnluial to all, the right of akrab euck ideation to the extent of 3,000 fee in pusmaner of suc apposed slain` reg latot, wai believed to be indepeeat ot he qaustion of the sise of the company, and that. Sing g adwred the service it was enti tied to mke the location, whether it was eempeed of a greater or les number of meI bLrs. If the .gulations of aay district embraced provisles of tbftr eeameariag upon sw ompamP hbOg or at foe eses sm as=l r beesn eu the righted locating 3,0q Sets o a ls.., or ea r oe* ofo a sa oer of lodes, bs ttd by s impro. ve mta , iis n.l _ 0. ved she. t ere would be a betwaae s and the act of dlyk 198 as wroul d ptlhe of .orha tib Istes m e iaion. tý br It be that no such regulations exist, but as the customs of miners scattered through the numerous mining camps of the western States and Territories are not to be found in any compilation, many of them never having been reduced to print, it is not surprising that misapprehension may have occurred in that respect. As to associations or companies formed for the purpose of locating claims, however, it I is very evident that they are subject to the limitations found in the provisos in the fourth section of the act; and that the re striction of 200 feet to each locator, cannot be evaded by forming an association. Very reepectrully, your ob't serv't, Jos. WILSON, Commissioner. PBREIBYTERIAN. The fol'owing figures show the respec I tire and united strength of the Old and New School Presbyterians, whose Gen eral Assemblies in Albany and IIarris burg, recently °agreed upon a basis of Union : In 1867 the Old School numbered 35 i Synodn, 176 Presbyteries, 2,302 ministers, 2,622 churches, 246,350 communicants, and 195,023 adults and children connect ed with its Sunday schools. The New School in the same year had 23 Synods, 109 Presbyteries, 1,870 ministers, 1.150 churches, 161,539 communicants, and 163,292 persons connected with its Sun day schools. The united numerical strength of the two bodies is as follows: Synods ................................. :8 Presbyteries .......................... 285 Miisters............................... ........ 4,182 Churches................ ............................. 4,182 Communicants .............................. ....... 407,88 Sabbath school attendants ..................... 35,2t;i. During the war the Old and New Schools South coalesced, but separated themselves from the church North. This and the other branches of the Presby terian church still without the pale of union, are in strength as lollows, the re turns, however, being incomplete: Denominations. Churches. Min's. Commnni'ts. United Presbyterian 717 342 3.4 ) Pres. Ch, (the South ern church)......... )29 1290 6. 52P Cumberland Preby. 1 150 1J,000 Associate Reformed Presbyterian........ iGJ Reformed Presbyte rian.................... 1:21 1 .334 'A'otal....... ........ 1 3104 '71,:71 A Scarp Controversy. Oommissioner,Rollin'd letter of resignation in which he sharply criticised Andrew John son, has been returned to him with the follow ing endorsement : "The within communication, just handed to me, althou;h bearing date of the 8t t.tst.. ;._ 1,~t-ruai ania incorrect in i sate ments and unjust and disrespectful to the President. It is therefore returned to Mr. Rollins. HuGH MCCULLOCH. Sec'y. Thursday evening, June 11th, 1868. The Commissioner has again returned the letter to Mr. McCulloch with the following second endorsement : "Unless the Honorable Secretary shall point out wherein the endorsed communication is either 'partial and incorrect in its statement on unjust and disrespectful to the President,'I must consider its return to me as unjustifiable and the reasons therefore other than those as signed." Rollins teems to be ahead thus far. The New York Tribune gives the fol lowing as the bids opened in WVashing ton last week, for carrying the overland mails : From the terminus of the Union Pa cific Railroad to Virginia City, Nevada: Wells, Fargo & Co ......... .... $1,314,00 Jno. Alleman .................... 460,000 C. A. Cook ...................... 390,000 C. M. McLaughlin ............... 350,000 Carlton Speids .................... 335,000 From Cheyenne to Denver City : C. A Cook .........................S20,000 Wells, Fargo & Co .................. 17,000 Carlton Speids ..................... 15,000 H. Wheeler ......................... 13,000 H. Johnson ....................... 9,775 From Cayote, Union Pacific Railway, Eastern Division. to Denver: Wells, Fargo & Co ...............$84,000 C. A. Cook........................ 79,000 C. Speids ........... ............. 49,000 HI. Wheeler ........................ 45,000 II. B. Hawks ..................... 24,000 POLITICAL. Some seventy-five Democrato came in a body to the Republican caucus in Auburn, Me., the other night, announs cing their intention to vote and work with the party henceforth. Gen. John A. Logan, Gen. Carl Schurs *Gen. Palmer, the Republican candidate for Governor of Illinois, Senator Pom eroy of Kansas, and Fred Hassaruek of Ohio, are to stump Iowa. The new constitution of Florida is said to have modeled lfter the Consti tution of New York, and particularly in the clauses providing for the adoption of amendments by two successive Leg islature, and their subsequent ratifica tion by the people. Wooley is delighted with the homage which the Democrats are paying him, and highly enjoys the martyr process. He says that he will run for Congress, this fall, in his district, the second Ohio, now misrepresented by Gen. Sam. Cary. The Republkcans of Philadelphia have nominated Gen. Hector Tyndale for Mayor ; Hoo. Isaac Hazelhurst for Dis., trict Attorney ; Benjamin L: Berry for Congress for, the Frst District ; Hon. Charles O'Nell for the Second; Hon. Leon rd Myers for the Third, and Hon. Wm. K. Kelley for the Fourth. The New York Leader having said, "If Colfax ha. ever been a printer, he'll know what it is to have a form pied next November," the Providence Jour. sal adds the following diamond toot note : "Exactly so. The Democratic form is already so badly asuabbled and of isa fee that tae strongest chas in the eountry can't hold it ýgether, and there are clear ind tions at it will be sla h-1, the receptacle for broken forms, very early in November."