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The Montana post. [volume] (Virginia City, Montana Territory [i.e. Mont.]) 1864-1869, July 17, 1868, Image 1

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THE MONTANA POST.
N NeMNvpaper, Devoted to the Mineral, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of Montana T4erritory.
n )L. 4. No. 4k HELENA. MONTANA, FRIDAY, JULY 17. f 76 a. WHOLE NO. 201
p . .-_ __•i N •I i u m • H niH n • i ii H n ili i II tlB g l g I n o l g Im l l N •I l e•
The Montana Post.
1 1` I"EII. I.L , - -EF1 ITrOR~.
.IE 11TP:lI\ OF ierk·
:itiullal Union Republicau Ticket.
fiENERAL U. S. GIRANT,
OF ILLINOIS.
o1-l. I vlCl;-l'RESII) ENT
X11. It "iiana.
C' tNTl:NTS.
- p if rrn J'h. Lf'i lat1re Seý-
- I ýraiiorn I .iI4ua-ing 'reelmen; Colt
r. rI. x ;.ra'i ii. The t~allatin Ticket; A
I t,.- rYrir:" ,, La Cr..p wa Lewis and
S-'.tlie7 r lature- From Virzinia:
. Kb~e.1 i.- G reat Thiank, of Atner
I Iai .f tbe I rit -. Males.
* \.tkh :1 Ierti,.uientf..
Sratli-, !r kinos: The West; A Tala]
1~ ~~11 1 AnurreiIr..luei y.
r I r.".i "ut: 'ronm I sluihngton
I r-,.: Jell.-rton: It Ilites Itiucif; 'l'el
* .. erruiti G ulcil. I.ukliz. ,-.
1 1." `". A Ibeennoisqance; 1li
".nSamtwl L.']Ier: Thet Camp Fol
H- l.i-'bl:.tnn I'.tntv C''nventiu.n: For or
\·--i-t·ii. M :.-.It N in4t0..nt Flying Ilia
uII , p"r.1rt. "n: T ..Vest: The
1.. ..n "-i;. Grat u? i t iro J.w. i
1.. s AI t:is r... .n,* ty .
01 1 PL ATFOR'I.
-ian,ltnout.ly adoplted by the National
"niun rlteublicaa Convr.:enion-ut Chicago
May 214t. la;t.
Fitr-t. \VWe c,,t:;zrtulate the courntry on the
--ar,..l t'cc..-- .,f th,1 recon tructioa projects
',onre-. , evinced by the adlorption, in a
a,rity ot the States lately in rebellion. of
:tiatutai: - -ec'aring equal civil and politi
. rtzts t, all. and retard at as the duty of
:.. r, rra.nent to sustain these Institutions
. 1t p *'. e:,t tih people of such states from
.; r ruitt,-I to a state of anarchy.
-. r 1 1; . The guaranltee of Conarress of equal
:a-._, rt all loyal men at the South was dle
Siv ,very canidration of public
:tI.. . _ r:ltltudle . nnl o, justice, anol mut
n auN irtanal, whil the que-tiorf of suffra.e
:.11 th- laal States properly belongs to the
1 - 1 tto. States.
1 . W denounc alil fortmsi of repudia
, ;,- :, ;tional crime, and national lhonor
.- tL,,, ayment of the public inleitml
.- til , utoil(ot good faith to all credlitor-,
;.,I. abroad, Iit :aoly accor, in; to
S Lt t th pirit of th: laws under
. It at- contractedl.
-u ort h. It is due to the labor of the nation
S.t t..' ,r\ ,! a -, aull 1,e equalized. a:nd redu
, itl a- the national l ithi will per
:ti. The national debt. cntractel ::s it
tf ,r the pre.ervatiun of the l'nion
. tnP. to( colie, -l.ould be extendled over
- l,-rio ., for redernption.and it is the duty
St ýIe-- to raluce the rates of interest
: :n wh,.never it can ,os-.ibly be done.
\xt:. 'lhat the beet policy to diminish our
u. of d.l Lt is to -o improvet our credit
t c..pltali-ts will seek to loan us money at
a_, ,: r-.tto of inl:tre-t th:aln we n ow pay, and
a..- c, ntinue to pay s-, lhng as repudiation.
,:,rtall r total, open or covert, is threatened
r -u-aeoted.
'-v nth. Tha e goerntnent of the United
't:att,- sih-oull be administered w th t shetrict
-t c.,on, y, anid tlae corruptions which have
- , .- -hamefully, .ursed ant fostered by
.idrew Johnson C: ,: loudly for radical re
: r tn.
Fight. We pro.t undly deplore the untimely
,, tra;iic de-th of Abraham Lincoln. and
regret the ac: ,sion of Andrew Johnson to
the lPresidencv. who has acted treacherously
:;, the people who elected him and the cause
I.w, w jas pledgl to, support ; has usurped leg
i-latiti e and judicial functions : has refused to
x.rcuse th.- l:tws : has used his high office to
:.,,lute otier ofictrs to ignore and violate the
I.,w . ;hs euiployved his executive power to
ronlor in-ecure the property, peace, liberty
..:.1 life of the citizens: has abused the par
.lhnin power, has denounced the National
L i-l:tture as unconstitutional : has persist
uotly anl. corruptly resisted, by every means
ht his power, anti every proper attempt at the
-kcon-truction of the States lately in rebel
ion : has perverted the public patronage into
:in engine of wholesale corruption, and has
L,"'en justly impeached for high crimes and
ni-ldeme:Inors, and properly pronounced
_utlty by the votes of thirty-five Senators.
Nii.thi. The doctrine of Great Britain and
, ther Eurolpean powers, that because a man
o- CC a subject he is always so, must be re
-,1te-I at every hazard by the United States as
a relic of the feudal times, not authorized by
riho law of nations and at war with our na
•:,"nal honor and independence. Naturalized
citizens are entitled to be protected in all
their rights of citizenship as though they
were native born, and no citizen of the United
State-, native or naturalized, mut, be liable
t,, arret and imprisonment by any foreign
lower for acts done or words spoken in this
cot.ltry. And if so arrested and imprisoned,
it is the duty of the government to interfere
.nt hti behalt.
Tenth. Of all who were faithful In tbe trials
f the late war there were none entitled to
-iorea especial honor than the brave soldiers
:nr.i seamen who endured the hardships of
campaign and cruise, and imperilled their
lives in the sersice of the country. The
bounties aud penoiozn provided by law for
th ee brave defenders of the nation are obli
gations net er to be forgotten. The widows
:and orphans of the gallant dead are the words
'f the people, a acred legacy bequeathed to
the nation's Protecting care.
Eleventh. Foreign emigration, which in
the past hs added an much to thLwenlh and
development of the resources and the increase
of power of this natien, "the aylum of the
oppressed of all nations," should be fostered
.knd encouraged by a liberal and just policy.
Twelfth. £his convention declares its sym
athy with all the oppressed people who are
~truggling for their riuhts.
On motion of Gen. Carl Schurs. the follow
ng additional resolutions were unanimously
adopted as part of the platform :
Resolved, That we highly commend the
1i rlt of magnanimity and forbearance with
hnich the men who have srwed an the rebel
lion, but new fmnkly'and honest*y co-operate
with us in restoring the peace of the acntry
and reconstructing the oauthern State gov
ernments upon the basis of acl ic
and equal rights, m recuved ck into the
communion of the loyal pe.ple ; we favor
the removal of the d, lisidos sad r
etrictions imposed upon theate rebel in the
awoe measure a heir spirit of loyly will
direct, and as may be -ith=t.
afety of the oIl people.
Raeolved, That we .eesps b 11
principles laid doe. the e la1 Deo.s.
ration of Idependei a be th r feana.di.s
of Democratic goverment, rd we Wl with
gladnea every efrt towaed M thes
principle a living reality on eevy al of
American soil.
THE LEGISLATURE.
In view of the approaching election,
and in advocating the election of compe
tent Republicans to the Legislature, we
propose to show tthe necessity for im-.
proveruent in the legislation of Mon
tana; that the unanimously Democratic
House and Council of last winter were
incompetent, or intentionally false to the
people, and that they demand relief from
Democratic misrule. The Democratic
press talks in glittering generalities of
Congre.ssional misrule. We intend to
take the case in Montana, and show by
specific acts the most gross and glaring
outrages upon the rights of the people,
and defiance of United States enact
nment". We charge violation of law in
restricting suffrage and granting charter
monopolies; an imposition upon the
people in passing acts to enrich greedy
speculators at the expense of tax payers;
uining laws that are a burden upon the
miners: a town-site act that would make
every lawyer in JMontana rich to the im
poverishing of property holders; acts
and resolutions that are a disgrace to
any commonwealth. and an outrage upon
any legislative body; whether they were
the resullt of ignoranco or prem(-ditated
wrong.
Th..e \w w-ill take in their order and
submit first the act respecting suffrage,
which came near cooting the Territory a
revocation of its Organic Act, and lne
cetssitate.d (lecepti in t.) prevent it. The
( )lgres': of the _United. States passed the
foilowi i, enactnment, w\hich! was ap
prov. .I..lan. -24. !i6;.
Re it enacted by the Spinit- and House of
Reprpsentative- of the nlitMl States of Amer
ica in Con re:- ..--embled, That from and af
ter the plis.al. of th'ls act, "there shall be no
ld,.ial of the e.ectiv- franchli. a in any of the
'e.rritories of the 1 iiitel stat -, wow or here
after to Ie o ;::niz di, to any citizen thereof,
o0 :account of r::a. color, or previous condi
tion of servitude: and all ects or part of acts
eith!r of Congres: or the Legislative assem
bllie- of said Territt'rie.. incor-istent with the
provisions of this ant ',e hereby declared null
and void.
By an act of the Legislature of Mon
ta:n:i. A.1ip'ove,1 Nov. 22rl, 1867, the fil
lov.'inL became one of the laws of Mon
tana:
Be it enacted by the legislature of Montana
Territory :
SEc. 1. That section I of said act, be so
amended as to read a. follows: That all white
male citizens of the United States, and those
who have declared their intention to become
citizens, above the age of twenty-one years,
shall be entitled to vote at any election for
delegate to Congress and for Territorial,
Scounty and precinct officers, provided they
shall have resided in the Territory twenty
days and in the county ten days where they
offer to vote, next preceeding the day of elec
tion.
The attention of the Legislature being
called to the fact that it was in violation
of the acts of the United States, the fol
lowing sujpplementnry nat was !,psed
and approved, Dec. 16, 1867.
Be it enacted by the legislative assembly of
the Territory of Montana.
SEc. 1. That lNOTHING in act entitled, an
act to amend an act entitled "An act regulat
ini the holding of elections in Montana Ter
ritory" Approved Nov. 22, 1868, shall sor be
so construed as to conflict with or abridge
the tights of any person or persons enfran
chised by a law of Congress, Approved, Jan.
24, 1867.
Sac. 2. All acts and parts of acts, incon
sistent with this act, are hereby repealed.
Sac. 3. This act to take effect and be In full
force from and after its passge.
There is one specimen of Democratic
legislation. The original act, by stupid
ignorance or fraudulent intent, stands
unchanged, in clear, unmistakeable de
fiance of United States authority.
WVhether by blunder or intent, it is suf
ficient evid.nce that the legislature eith.
er lacked brains or obedience to the laws
of the country. Are such men fit to make
laws for thirty thousand Montanians ?
Answer at the polls.
SEYMOUR'S FXPLANATION.
"Agate"' writing to the Cincinnattt
Gazette, says Mr. Seymour's resolution to
decline the nomination, was principally
for the (want of) reason that there is
hereditary insanity in his blood, and he
'feared to invoke the exlcitement of a
i campaign. Two of his cousins, Mr. Rut
ger and John B Miller, of Utica, were
victlnms of the disease. Mr. Seymour's
father committed suicide, and it is said,
this defeat three different times for Gov
ernor, effected him greatly. We canuot
divest ourselves of the impre.los that
there was considerable "method in his
madness" In secaring the nomination,
but the accspeam of it from a sabiddeg
ranged Conventies, oft a a plmsNrm,
during the Yull moon In "the fat tnoath
of July " is bsabatpive of his alunacy.
He wil Sad his plans d ,h.s par.
Sy da.erdmd., snd all she of th
Daeeratic diselpls a t Ed EIsaplms ad
the tender sasrg e[ his 'tar M. .s"
at the .ve Pease wernt se him. It is
"is yeU mtads ena mtm ," d the
ssi disease of yea pesl" will eal
mIsase in earryitg yee esin ,
whoe Conventions OME sstpem .
sad the leysr's will has IaM.
Y h svem e e sthe aba et"- Qm
No dsag. FP all memnas he is
ikely to got more Yesag.
3DL(1ATING FIEEBM U N.
" If the negroes were possessed of an
equal degree of intelligence with the
whites, I admit, there could be no cause
for debarring them from suffrage, except
unreasonable prejudice." Such, imme%
diately succeeding the clection of 1867,
was the expression of a Representative
Democrat of Montana. This then may
account for the bitter enmity toward the
Freedmen's Bureau by the Democratic
press, for beyond the necessity of provid
ing work, and sustenance to the thous
ands of suffering whites and blacks of
the South, the great object of the Bu
reau was to establish an educational
systemn among the Freedmen and devel
op their intellectual faculties, dormant
through disuse for generations, and
crushed by the heel of tyranny for many
decades. As an evidence of what it has
done in this work, we quote the follow
ing results from the fifth semi-annual
report of J. W. Alvord, Superintendent,
which has just been published. And
first, as an answer to the cry of extrava
gance, that has been raised against it;
the total expenditures of the Bureau in
the ten Southern States, and numerousn
Freedmen's settlements South, has been
$1.066,394 28, a fraction over one mil
lion dollars. There are maintained 3,
084 schools, with 6,402 teachers, educat
ing 189,517 pupils. One thousand of
these schools are now entirely supported
by the Freedmen, and they own 364 of
the buildings. Of the teachers 2,948 are
whites, 3,544 colored; 20,1:39 pupils have
paid tuition, amounting to $65,319 75;
the average attendance is 58,900, or 71
per cent of the enrollment. There are
studying geography, 21,032; arithmetic,
31,5:9; writing, 30,567; the higher
branches, 4.675. There are also eigh
teen chartered ('clleges and Institutes.
Besides these the Freedmen are now
supporting a large number of industrial
and night schools,. independent of assis
tance. Their natural aptitude and de
sire to learn, renders the undertaking
not only successful, but the progress
made is astonishing. With this govern
ment system as a ground work, and
their own people enabled to become
competent teachers, the negroes will
have shaken off the stigma of " ignorant
brutes" and demand.in the name ofjua
tice. recognition as intelligent men, fit
to be citizens of the great Republic.
COLORADO RIVER EXPLORA
TION.
Navigable or not navigable, has been
the question in regard to the Upper
Colorado. It is to be settled. An act of
Congress authorizes the Secretary of
War to issue rations to a party not to
exceed 2.3 men, who in return are to fur
nish the United States government with
full topographical information of the
upper waters of the Colorado. beginning
at its source and descending to the point
reached by Lieut. Ives. Prof. Powell of
the Illinois Historical Association, heads
the party which was announced to leave
Chicago, June 26. They are outfitted
with provisions for two years; have two
portable boats, and expect to winter
400 miles southwest of Denver. If the
Indians do not raise their hair, we may
anticipate valuable information from the
expedition.
THE GALLATIN TICKET.
Our informant was somewhat is
error in the nomination for Gallatin
County as published in yesterdays paper.
The following we have since learned is
the selection: For Council. J. J. Hull;
Assembly, Lester S. Wilson, Philip
Thotpe ; Commislsioners, L. Stockman,
George Austin; Assessor, M. Penwell.
Colonel Hull, who is an old Montanian,
very favorably, and much better known
in Meagher and Chotean counties, is for
that reason a better selection than Gen.
Wilson, whose election as Represents.
tive is a foregone concldsion. We aen
assured by gentl.emen of aJslatin, that
the Republican ticket is one of the veb
best that could have been made, and wll
recetve cordial, earnest support.
A SUOGssbTIK.
In view of the action tsaken )q twent)
ne gendtDYe of Virginia in Ysau ob
the heath oad, and tim Ishe knwn ia
set fit by the most practical, subs·
tigal a4 eaergtLc bualnes mm of Ndo
as in msmra ;k. .osatt4Iq of . tb
main N.vtbem Pis. Rlair Red thaIC
the great heart of MumYS, Is It vt
pftpsr, eapsiist, Mm eusisn ,b
boa iitWOrm tbW a r Irs
should be calld at vmue. to rsipm~sa
M pIdsbed' ,m s
em - u at tie ~Ies t
:, .. w : c ' "r .i
' ý ýi~ilr "ý w.. r sog ý est es ý
Wat t sa a~3 is& rs ,
VVwI Ib 3 MCeo·r t there ! . t :
SLEWIN AN CLARKEE COUNTY
PWBCI NCTS.
For theE Bleetia, August S, 1868.
To elect ire Representatives ; two Coeaeilmen ;
one Assessor; one Clunty Commbsstoner; one Joe
doe of the Peace, and one Constable for each town
ship.
Piega t.-At John C. Fall's. J. C. Fall, Thos.
Riley and .'yrs Rich, Judges
Tririty-At E. M. Sawyer's. E- M. Sawyer, N.
elger,. Patrick McCean. Judges
Tacker Gwise-At Geo. Cleveland's. Oeorge
Cleveland, J. G. ,mith and - Miller, Judges.
T rmley's Mill-Removed to Us ionrille. At
(place not designated,) J. G. Turnley, J. W.Wbit.
latch, J. C. Ricker. Judges.
Ihlera's Mi--Removed to Blu. Ciosd-At Jo
sph Barnhart's, Geo. M. Pierce, R McNeal, -
Green, Judges.
S. Louis-Removed to Greenhorn Station-At
Jack Reynolds'. Jack Reynolds, Richard Murphy
and Wm Barnhart, Judges.
Silver City--At (place not designated) William
Brown, John Murphy, Edward Stanton, Judges.
Valley Toenship-At Buffalo Bill's. John
Jones, J L Street, - Reed, Judges.
Helena-At Conuty building, on Wood street, W
F Powers, Henry Thompson, Jesse F Taylor,
Judges.
French Bar- At J Rosenthal' s. J Rosenthal,
J Loeb, J Foster, Judges.
Georygeton-(newly established) At Holway
and Hlolt's. J Lopley, R Coburn, - Sackett,
Judges.
Head Ten Mile-(newly established) At the
store of J A Robinson. J II Pierce, W Winchell,
Jack Russell, Judges.
Sax Riwer-(newly established) At J Lar
tent's. J Largent, A C Bull, Louis Hubbell,
Judges.
Lost Horse, Gravelly Range, and " Head Quar
ear precincts are dieoontinued.
BaEPIULICAN COUNTY CONVEN
TION.
Notice is hereby given that a Republican
Convention will be held at the Court House,
in Helena, on Saturday, July 1Sth, 1868, at 2
o'clock, P. M., for the purpose of nominat
ing one member of the Council, five candi
dates for the House of lRepresentatives, one
County Commissioner and one Assessor for
Lewis and Clarke County; said Convention to
be composed of forty-two delegates,appointed
as follows:
lelena Precinct ........ ..... ............... 15
U nion ille .................................. 4
Tucker gulch ." ........... ... .................. 1
Valley " ......................... 4
French Bar . ..... .......... 3
Neluon " ............................ 1
Green i.oru ................ .......... 1
St Lou ' ....... .............. 1
Ten Mile " .. .... .... ............. 2
ilue CleH d " ................... ........... 1
Silver Cruee. .............................. 1
Plega " . .....o....... ......... "
.Sun ]iver '. ..... ................... 1
The Republicans of the ev, ral precincts are
iequested to meet in thei rwpectavo rntese
on the 16th day of July, A. D. 1868, at7
o'clock, P. M.. for the parpose of selecting
delegates to attend the Convention of July,
18th, 1868 in accordance with the apportion
ment herein designated.
By order of the Republican County Commit
tee of Lewis and Clarke County, Montana
£erritory.
S. L. WATSON, Ch'n.
The seven States admitted under the
Omnibus Reconstruction bill have elec
ted the following Cbhief Executive offi
cers.
;OV.R.NoR LIEUT. GOv.
Alabama...... Wn. H. Smith. A I. Applegate.
Arkanas......Powell Clayton Jas. M. Johnson.
Florida........Harrison Reed. Win. H. Gleason.
Georgia .. ....Rafts B. Bullock None.
Loesala.....H. C. Warmonth. Oscar J. Dunn.
N Croli.s.....Wim. W. Holden, Tod. It. Cadwell.
I. Carolina..... Robert K. Scott. Lemnel Boozer.
One principal argument for retaining
the Capitol at Washington City, is the
enormous cost of the public buildings.
The Sacramento Reporter, says parties
in Missouri have offered to remove all
the Government buildings to that State
for ten million of dollars.
George Ward Nichols, the man who has
writtes ieeral books, and who distinguished
himelf a few years ago by getting a Diamond
pin out of the Prince of Wales, has been and
gone and married a Miss Longworth, of Gol
den Wedding and Sparkling Catawba antece
dent, in Cincinnati.-Exchange.
The Prince of Wales must have felt
relieved when that pin was taken out.
The Democrat has revivified, if not a
handsome style, still a style with some
hmnds. Don't be is sach a hurry to
"show your hand" on the Railroad mat
ter; you will be blamed with "getting
your hand in" soon enough, and may
"make a fat of t." If they are intended
as "lagers of Seilm," we pray you trust
that to ytar reders. We do, and have
so listanees of neglect to refer to.,
Tew rrlinet Maioa of a banking traraac
tion-whm ? mob rodvd a "check" on
the bat oSe . VW Butr, wbich wu crornd by
Moe. ml Anus.--PI c Opiaorn.
419 a Ymasb (aro) rk? Itso, wbj
inwel a-t h e A-tins upm. it ?-3.htoa
heme. Nee.o al Am. hbad a "dead open
eeeiebLe" cm, w 1.d 8ar-Leavruwrth
m te 31 Srn-Lminwtt
Yes ! tha~ *w up-on the Providence
3lsak, aad'wtae the Pharaoh stock got
watered they "bear" it
-$i g B!t~iM b. tbola e 
med is Nmv Oms M"M wedme he.s b~ea
be I. e.. em at b e.wa v.af-"
I cmr Tiner erdlrate will the,.
u1al "dre~s" ea4 'hIth" the well
"issld",Md -m4 "' h d s-
rnw U , mho 9alu y tthe em the
1wA -Il- %lY .m -bLL·tlic
j '' a -is appbsbibceiI t
wýY fssd.
ANOTHU WEATURE.
It is well known that the country to
the west of the Missouri possesses the
finest natural roads on the continent,
and that in nine cases out of tens the
tolls upon them are unwarrantable leech
es upon the scant purses of emigrants,
miners, ranchmen, and freighters; that
they are, in short, impositions. To.fed
nuseful politicians, and reward party's: to
favor a friend and buy off an opponent;
to tickle one that he may not pinch an.
other, and to look out for No. 1; withal
that, a good fat summer income might
be assured, the Legislatures of various
Territories, aad in none more so than
Montana, dotted these western vallies
with innumerable toll houses. and filled
them with imperious acizera who deman
ded tribute, oftentimes without just
cause. The attention of Congress was
directed to it and an act approved March
2d. 1867, contains the following :
Be it enacted, etc., That the legisla
tive assemblies of the several Territo
ries of the United States shall not, after
the passage of this act, grant private
charters or special privileges, but they
may, by general incorporation acts, per
mit persons to associate themselves to
gether as bodies corporate for mining,
manufacturing and other industrial pur
suits.
It will be remembered that the annula
ment act also declared "that ALL acts
passed at the two sessions of the so-call
ed legislative assembly sf Montana held
in 1866, were thereby declared null and
void, those having vested rights under
them having recourse to the courts.
This act invalidated all franchises grant
ed by those .o-called sessions, and FOR
BID their re-enactment, or the granting
of "special privileges." The legislative
assembly of Montana, convened in No
vember, 1867, under the provisions of
that very act. and aLout the first thing
it did was to renew the granting of
"special privileges" and the re-enacting
of bills "granting private CIIARTERS."
So utterly defiant and in contravention
of United States law were these acts,
that the Committee of Judiciary, in the
Council, reported adversely on every one
presented to them. This did not suit
the.four who constituted the majority of
that worthy body however, and :!iey
cooked up a special committee favor., blo
to monopolies, to whom all such ;,ills
were reported, and they passed, 4 .ayes
to 3 nays, despite the efforts of th,- J u
diciary committee. Fifteen of thes., toll
road, bridge and ferry arrangem·,nts,
granting the parties exclusive privi .*ges
to roads and ferries for from one to tour
miles on either side, which, by passing
through canyons or narrow gulches, or
being at the only accessible point on
streams, necessitated travel over them,
were passed in three weeks. These
monopolies continue for three, eight,
ten and fifteen years, with oftentimes
excessive rates, where no labor is per
formed or required, but where travel is
compelled to pass and pay ere it passes.
Here then the Legislature of last winter
passed acts, a grievous burthen upon the
people, in violation of U. S. law, and so
held by its own members. Not only
this, but having on the 19th of Novem
ber, declared "all roads laid out or now '
travelled in Montana. public highways,
except those upon which franchises have
been granted" they immediately set to
work and granted franchises en some
seven or eight of those very roads, im
posing heavy rates of toll and making
them monopolies for a dozen years to
come. No court in Christendom,would
sustain the legislation, yet the many
Montanians are daily paying over their
dust and greenbacks plentifully to satis
fy the rapacity of these few. Remem
ber it is these men and of their kind,
whom Democracy asks you to return
to the Legislature this session. You
can prevent it in just one way. Vote
against them on the 3d of August. We
will see if the Gasctte can crawl out of
this through "the little adverb (K) NOT"
WFJritO VIRGINIA.
Prlamary M.eetit.
EDITOR POeT :-At a Union primary
meetlag to.night in MnsonlC Hall, to
elect delegates to the County Conven
tion, to be held on Wednesday next, at
- p. m., I. C.mmings, Esq., called the
meeting to order. David McCraaor was
appointed Secretary.
The following gentlemen were select
ed o delegates: W. F. Sanders, D. C.
Farwell, F. R. Blake, H. Cummings,
Jack Bobinson, N. 3. Davis, I. Heiden
,lDmerr and E. F. Johnson.
A detewstation was evinced to select
srong worthy men as candidates for the
vaoies awes, and carry a vigorous
MO*D MXMmm.
A. ma s masg t o. t im eat Vi
h, %ws b ul4 as th Maums Hall, *
e pupoes ot expresag the telng of
le semmnuiy Im egsrd to the Bmanch
Road. Aetng Governor Tufts in the
Chair; Judge Hosmer, Vice-President;
John P. Bruce, Secretary. The meeting
numbered 21.
Remarks were made by Secretary
Tufts, Judges Hosmer and Lovel; Messrs.
Corbet, Bruce and Cummings.
Resolutions were passed by the meet
ing to the effect that an intense interest
was felt in the success of the Branch
Road, and to secure its construction and
early completion, we extend our cordial
support.
Also that Messrs. Tufts, Corbet, Hos
mer, Cummings, W. G. Barkley, and
Capt. Rodgers, be appointed a commit
tee to correspond with the Union P. R.
R. Company in regard to the Branch
Road, and report to the public through
the press. It was determined to run the
branch through Montana, and terminate
it at Puget Sound or Portland, but as
the point at which it commenced to
branch was not designated by the meet
ing, the construction of the work will be
untortunately delayed. The meeting
did not designate where the road was
to run-when, or what for, but it was
unanimously resolved that even if Hele
na would not assist in the construction,
the people of Virginia would be true to
the interests of the Territory, and build
it alone.
Yours Truly, " B."
Virginia City, July 1!, 1878.
POLITICAL.
There are nearly forty Grant and Col
fax clubs in Michigan.
Gov. McCormack is Delegate elect
from Arizona.
Butler. being bald, says he only tried
to get \Vooley *'where the hair is short."
Gov. Brownlow predicts 25,000 major
ity for Grant and Colfax in Tennes.
see.
The Cincinnati C",,umncrrial says that
General S. F. Cary will not be renom
inated by the Democrats.
Mr. Vallandighamu finds Dayton too
small a field for his extraordinary tal
ents, and is about to have a new paper
in Cincinnati.
A petition in favor of woman's suffrage
containing nearly 22,000 signatures, has
been presented to the British Parlia
ment.
A prominent and well informed poli
tician writes to the Boston Journal that
Grant will carry Illinois by forty thou
sand majority.
John B. Henderson, of Missouri, one
of the Republican Senators who voted
for Johnson's acquittal, is a native of
eastern Tennessee.
Democratic planters in Virginia now
insert in their contracts with negro
workmen a clause that the latter shaall
vote as their employers may direct.
Brick Pomeroy swore by his gods,
lhany, that he and his subscribers
would bolt and run a third candidate,
if an unsatisfactory man, a negro and
bondholders' man was nominated.
The Charleston Mercury threatened
that South Carolina would bolt the
Democratic nominations, and let the
party "go to the devil together," unless
the National Convention insert in its
platform a declaration against universal
suffrage.
A Southern paper having seen the
name of G(en. Dix mentioned as a possi'
ble Presidential candidate, asked doubt
fully whether he would be Di.ie' enough
for that section.
At the late Maryland Democratic
State convention, when Governor Swann
ascended the platform and began his
remarks, several well known and prom
inent Democratic leaders, evidently dis
gusted at his appearance among them,
rose from their seats and left the hall.
While chatting with three or four
Congressmen, Senator Saulsberry, in
speaknig of the Democratic convention
in July, said : "If they nominate Chase
I suppose I must support him, but I'll
be d-d it I won t make a fight before I
see Sumner put on the ticket with him
for Vice President."
The Cleveland Leader predicts a
warm contest in Ohio at the election in
October. It classes the Congressional
districts as follows : Republicans--lst
2nd, 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 10th, 14th, 16th,
17th, 18th, and 19th. Democratic--5th.
9th, 12th, and 13th, Doubtful, 3d, 11th
and 15th.
some of the Great Things of Amer
The greatest cataract in the world is
the Falls of Niagara, where the water
from the great upper lakes forms a river
of three-fourths of a mile in width, and
then being suddenly contracted, plung
es over the rocks in two columns to the
depth-ot 170 feet.
The greatest cave in the world is the
Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, where
any one can make a voyage on the wa
ters of a subterranean river, and catch
fish without eyes.
The greatest river in the world is the
Mississippi, 4,100 miles in length.
The greatest valley in the world is
the valley of the Mississippi. It con
tains 500,000 square miles, and is one of
the most fertile and profitable regions of
the globe.
The largest Lake in the world is Lake
Superior, which is truly, an inland sea,
being 449 miles long, and 1,000 feet
dte greatest natural bridge in the
world is the Natural Bridge over Cedar
creek in Virgnia. It extends across a
chasm eighty feet in width, 260 feet in
depth, at the bottom otlwhich the creek
flows.
The greatest mass of iron in the world
is the Iron Mountain of Missouri. It is
850 fee high and two miles in circuit.
The largest single volume ever pub
lished is Webster's Unabridged Dietion.
-the biggest of the langeage-cos
as much matter as six family
Bibles.
The largest qasedaet is the world is
the Crots aqueduct is New Yrk.
Its lenash ti forty miles and a be3 and
its east twelve and a half million . dl
lamr

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