Newspaper Page Text
THE MONTANA POST.
Al Newspaper, Devoted to the Mineral, Agricultural and Conmmnercial Interests of Montana Territory. -'(L. 4, NO. 41. HELENA, MONTANA, FRIDAY, JULY 31. / S , 8, WHOLE NO. 203 I IInI II I I nI- , ,,I! ,nH ! Aýý I- . MI LLB, - - EDITOR. :IIE t'.'MPAIPiN OF 1Nmic' N tiE 111 U1101 RepublicanTicket, PRESIDEj~NT, GIENERAL U. S. GRANT, OF ILLINOIS. VIEU PRESIDENT, '( JIll- I lIR COLFAX, 40f In iana. t(itionl RebuhlliCifua Tickets. Lens i. and Clarke County. 1, r Clz' Ii---2 11 11 -trict. RI:I0IAil) McNErL. I A-nJ I-. -::..1 b;-trict. CHIAD. IIENSDRIE FIRANK tE'TCWHELL JlhlIN KINNA. For A-se~sor. J-11N A. NELSON. .1 u-tlc' 'lq t 1i,' ac*e 'L.N-I- 11r.-cinct. F C '-tall--. Ii 1-. LL..VAN1. i " aPr.,cinct. ) 1ý, \ý.I1.I1" ac,. ll.' i artiiv r " 1. l''r::l aI"Ti:.-I I y the ' S.1ira t tr lr-i!*n:l., andl I ' X Ir".i'-.nt. h r i P-1 ~ *' :"I."i1 rtat I ri :1 ):17 ar.i f'" r,:!i1 n t hat they, as- tanl \ .rý ..nI it~re tir :hb Nation liar ½ : I.,tt.fl2 II'IP4P\. Ti," (tnintv I 2 it ..:.i' ILand.Ir I',,,rth CLuue.e ;i-·- · ' .r_ r \L.. T rket. ';aI .t in: ( i.,n F - . . "~ Nfl!, V."." Fr-,n 1i '"-.r.n *'i~v."r -tntr I )-?f 'r.,, ( r.rr·; I ,r . II r"--t ui l:' l" _ i", }1 ..n P I' . A -P"'., ' . P . " - -Ia : 'i N-'a. M `tt n u.\ 1' 1'r '.e \\'.' n . i" t· . .1 It. r' ,. c int'.. !,. i tv r ." \ iE 1I i 61'1 ...T 1 . IT'. Lal r-,t r: ., I.(. 1cctt r of Int - .ri:l i-v,..-, oll " I fanl it nt i" i I\'ci.L a joke n. , nl .lick ite noltd ." ,t Saturday. : , il; . ic,.c,, :V , a.f tel.rani in :,r:iin- iii:.: that a Mr. Morris had ,, ; .,.: ! liv the President as his :c,.,. ,aid cufiruled l; the Senate *>irin! the co inig hours of the session. U iterp,.-itio)n of friends procured a rr,,.,,l, 't. . in ,,t the c ntiriiuation, and Ir 31 rri- wa- utt t'l'.lector for a few ur, "Li. the ,tiicial head of Mr. anti"2 rl , -.kilullý guillotined was re " ,.,,, :L n.atly as thouihii Robert Hlou ,l:i i.:t l, :,. it. It is not half so de a- '.,t :, . ' .v ho :rucku L illy IPat " -n. a- " who is Mr. Morris :"' Is he :1 ,:,.J'.- ad t ait l lte rge P., the poet; it'u nlI ar. th1e trienit of Lafayette i... wv:ho put his autograph below i .:.. , ,n the (.re.t I)D claration I r the tinancier ot the first Con : Ti:,oas. the stateSinan, or :.. the Bishop. By th.l wvay, who Lrri' . tt.--It is now under Sthiat Mr. Morris is *"lke" Moore, rni.r' v ,t Virginia. lte is presumed ', in, t:t sile situa::tion as the Moor . i; oc:;:.'atiol,'s gone."' i;ETTIN.' IrTNE.%SY. t .iuiv N:h. tle J! rvK., in noticing lh. .,iaget of the ,s.s, u:tio)ns denounc. in. ii, i.xcieutive ', ounittee in general :AIn cit ,o. M. iinne.v in particular, said: \., . -h hr, I, .iP ci; ally to refer tothe pat l. tt in andl wi-doini of the Convention as i. l ,el.cd l Iv the protmptnepY and unanimity w ith which it paredl resolutioni condemning t .. h.huio,.r.bleC c.,urse of G o. JM. Pinney, :r:i;;:. . f the Union Territorial Commit t.. ::. 1 th i r,,maindier of the members of the c!\ ci'. t", :on'litt.'' to whm were intrusted "l.." . ntrl ,,f thie atftirs port:aining to the i rtyv i thtie Territory. .i i: vw fromn the II rvatl of the 2)th. '- : ttrer of .-ulreime indifference to us ,... :,r ':.nev be :us.aine'l or repudiated by ,rrltorl.i otoventini of Republicans. S' \w a'::r to understand that what -t1: rio::lsm and wisdom" to you on - -:. \; ten days after "a matter of , li :: rcnce." Paling the way i:: ~- e.icte again. are you.' Your S' fiz,: l. :.nl the old "record rheumat . i:º, in v.)ur bones. You know a ,::i i.andtl i~ shaking up your "kill n.- :r. u (don: relish the idea of S..1 with tile "Parson's Para . . Head Bilks." You squirm . 'u.t v,) have the disorder and . ,.- to take nine double doses of t:..i when thei proper time comes, S... / , .ay /,,mse fi vm chooai THE COUNTY ASSSESMEN T. We have yet to hear of a people that entertain fears of being too little taxed, and even were such a community to ex ist, the Territory of Montana would be the last place in which to look for it. What, with U'nited States, Territorial and County taxes and licenses, we have enough to pay for the privilege of being governed. perhaps too much, but cer tainly not too well. Nevertheless, and at the risk of being charged with incon sistency, we must complain of the ex treme and almost ludicrously small as sessment that has this year been made in the County of Lewis & Clarke. We herewith give the figures showing the assessed values of property in the County as they appear upon the books in the Treasurer's office: I'e .kri acres of land..................... .......... l'. ,4e'3 Value of tuow l1ot ................................. :)01l,4e2 Caplita, iunvrted iii 3Mrchardlize ............... 4.4,5!. .. aulafaeturesa.............. 76t.615 ,i I h,,rye. ......... .. .............................. 36.t,679 . II m ul es ....................................... ..... 21. :k) i ;-1 oxren...... ..... ............................ fi^, 40 -1 .-9 Cowi and ,alvea ......................... : }.r i 1l) ep ............................................ . . .... ('arriage ,of every dlc.ritiou ................ a)l, 6( ) \l.onr , and credit...... ......................... 1'4,74:1 iclocks, wathers a:.d . . ry........ .......... 12, 175 .M usical in.trument ................ ............... 4.7:M1 I ou.eh, ,i flurnlt:r- .... ........................ !,433 Shares in incorpr.-ed c. mnpani............. 21,15.' All , hier property .....................-......... .. 4.9y5 T" tal .......................... ......... .... ...... . 1, E 3.6 17 So this is the assessed value of the prol~erty of the Counlty with a debt of ."50,00i l:. ging ,ver it. WVe leave it to our readers to compute for tllhenselves how long it will take to pay this debt with at tax (,f not to exceed one per cent. I tthe limit fixed by law) unon the above I amount. But yet it is not the small ness oft the assessmelznt itself that we ob. jec' t,, !or. as we said in the beginning. petolee are never olunI. to colnplain of being to lit, t;axt., .a,,i if the County C'tllui.iiiouers bl:,,ali ,.-e fit to levy a tax of only one mill ,on the dollar, and could k°.p the whl.-: , tlhe governmen tal machine greas.,i with that amount, w- F-should bhe ti.h * . t, find fault. But with thl, prf.nr i'.t' .L 'of taxes we do Co)lllilain that ::i :a-la-sIuent cannot be as small as that ab!\-e. diveln and still be Just and ( equitabile. W\X have faith to Ibelieve that there are ,1otne honest men in our community, some who make true returns to the Assessor. It is equally true that there are many who strive by every eel-like, contortion of conscience and slipping around of property to evade the paymVint of their just dues to the County. To see that no, ,uclh evasion takes place isi the principal duty of the Assessor. Has he performed that duty Everything seems to show that he has not. A careful examination of the fig ures above given, even without compar ison with any others, will show any thinking muan that the amounts are not sutticiently large. Who does not know that the value of the town lots in this city, with their improvements, is double the amount given in the assess mlent roll': "'Capital invested in mer chandize $4~-54,50" Why, the freight alone on goods annually brought to this town will equal, if not exceed that amount. In the amount given as invest ed in manufactures there is a great dis crepency between the truth and the fig ures. We know (,t one instance in which property valued at $30,000, was assessed for only AX.000. The number of horses given is far below the truth? for we can find under the charge of three or four livery stables in town the "660 " reported. The item of "moneys and credits, $184,743,'" it true. would give a not very flattering showing of the finan cial abilities of our people, allowing them, as it doe&s, only about twenty-five dollars each in currency. But, as the " roaring farce '" after the comedy comes " 10 sheep,'" the total number in the metropolitan County of Lewis & Clarke on the first of July. And yet the sup ply of mutton, all of it reasonably old has held out remarkably well at our hotels and restaurants since then, and even now there is no scarcity of sheep meat in the market. In excuse of the smallness of the assessment roll, we are informed that the listing of some of our heaviest merchants has been post poned until after the arrival of their I stocks in order that they might be fully taxed. This is all very proper perhaps, but even when these additional returns are in, the total assessed value of the property in the County cannot exceed 42,500,000. Madison County, in its de. preeed condition, abandoned by many of its business men, and from which a large amount of capital has tied to Helena. returns x'(2,100,000. Re garding this as a true statement, and it is probably much too low, the amount of assessed ,rprerty in Lewis and Clark should be, at least, $5,000,000, or doub",- what will appear upon the books when the returns are all complete. The effect that this liscrepaney has up on tax payers is to extort double thejust amount from the honest man, because the rascal pays nothing-to rob him who conscientiously nxates proper returns for the purpose of paying the tax of the rogue, whom the assessor does not take the trouble to look after-to cause our honorable men to pay a tax of ten mills on the dollar when five mills would bring the same amount into the County Treasury if the assessor performed his duty in that energetic, impartial and fearless manner which should character ize a man in his position. While it is a notorious fact that the Territorial As sessors have never performed their duty in a proper manner, as a comparison of their returns, with those of the correes pondmig U. 8. oflcers will show, it is also a notorious fact that the Asseseor of Lewis and Clarke County has always been more culpably n lgeat in the performance of his duty than amy other. While this County pays over half of the United States' taxes, it has never 1 yet equalled Madison County alone in I the size of its assessment loll and will I barely do so this year, even it the final I returns are as large as promised. What is the remedy for this state of affairs ? We answer, intelligent legislation and al change of officers. The bungling laws with which we have been thus far pr 1 vided, show us no remedy in the case of a too low assessment, thus leaving open a I wide door for partial and unequal taxa tion. The honest man must pay the tax of the rascal and there is no redress. Gov. Smith, in his message to the last Legislature, recommended that As I, sessors' compensation should be made to ccnsist alone of a commission upon tax es collected ; but. notwithstanding the fact that the total sumn expended in col lecting the United States' taxes is less then this percentare' would amount to, the Legislature, failed to act upon the suggestion, and continued the per diem allowance to the officers, thus offering a premium to him who should occupy the most time in doing the least. That we may have this law changed, we must put in the Legislature men who shall consider their duty to the public para mount to any obligations to partizan office holders, and who will consult con. cerning the good of the people rather than concerning the best way in which to increase the eniolunimeits of this or thlat fat etlics. The navies of such men appear upon tlet the Union Ticket and will receive the hearty support of all thinking men. But not only do we need new mien to enact laws, but new to put them in effect. The present Assessor has been faithfully tried, with what re sult, we have shown. lie is again nom nated by his party, but we do not need himni ('co. John A. Nelson, the Republi can candidate, is the man to fill his place, to vigilantly and impartially per Sform the duties of the office, and give us such an impartial assessment, as shall take from dishonesty the premiums which it now receives and thereby re duce the taxes of honest men one.half. He will receive a heavy vote. SHIPMtENT OF ORES. While many of the mills of Montana are saving a handsome profit on ores, it is still a fact as indisputable as un pleasant to c,ontermplate, thlit machinewy and the processes known and in use are inadequate to the proper treatment and separation of some of the richest assay ing rock in the Territory. Ores are to day netting a handsome profit, while the tailings run from the sluices will assay double and treble the amount saved in the mill, still others are intractal4, I the mill or furnace being incompetsmt under any treatment in practical useo to effect a separation of the base and pre cious metals, with a margin for the own ers. .t is held that 99 per cent. of the fire assay of rock can be made in prcti cal reduction of large quantities, ana this guarantee is made both in New York, Swansea and Berlin. The fact that ores less valuable than those of Montana are shipped from California and Nevada, and more recently from Colorado to the East and Europe, and the fact demonstrated that they are ca pable of thorough reduction, has per hape been the principal cause of a move ment that will result beneficially to Montana ; first in establishing the value of ores; second, the proper treatment of them and in the introduction of pro cesses and reduction works suitable to the character of the ores. This move ment is the shipment of ores, some to Jersey City and New York, others to Vales and Prussia. The first shipment was a ton and a half of smelted copper. in pigs, by Mr. Charles Hendrie, of the Helena Foundry and Machine Shope, and was sent by the Mountaineer about June 1st. It was shipped to Swansea, Wales, and a letter per last mail from Branch & Cooks, forwarders, St. Loals, advises him of its departure from there, per Atlantic Mail and Steamship Cbm pany. The freight from Montana to St. Louis was $40 per ton ; from St. Louis to Liverpool we believe the rates arebut S10 per ton. The copper was from the furnace of Harvey, Ray & Co., Butte Uty, and was smelted from the Parrott and Original lodes. The supply of ore is in exhaustible, and the furnace is capable of smelting two tons of ore per lay. The percentage of copper is from $ to 71 per cent.; the ore red oxyd and gleen carbonate, the best quality, an- its value from 20 to 25 cents per polnd. With all this it is not manifest to the proprietors that, at the present rate of " Labor, etc., it can obe made prontsle, unless the gold and silver known toex. ist in it can be separated and a faller margin had for contingencies. Fire assays hlve shown the presence of pre cious metals in pay ing quantities, and this shipment is made to ascertain ti its separation under the most skillful tsat ment, the value, components, and best method of practical separation. If it pays metal will be shipped for separa tion, or the requisite means adopted for its reduction and separation here. The company has also a mill at Butte City to reduce milling ores. This was the first shipment from Montana to Europe. and returns from it are anticipatedin a couple of months. Another shipment made on atarday, was 1,000 pounds of argentiferous galena ore from the Lee Mountain lode in Tea Mile District, by Mema. T. B. and D. G. Tutt, the well known Helena merchants. This was also shipped to Swansea. It assays about $80 per ton of gld and silver, the proportion being, gold $; ail. ver 1. The object is to seertdal the proper method of reducing that shame. ter of ore, and the introduction of proper machinery for that purpose. By far the largest shipment of am yet made, Is that of Cole 8aanderr, the in domitable. It consists of twqnty teas of silver ore from the Poor Man's Jef lode in Flint Creek District. lbveteen tons go to the reduction works of Secor Swann & Co., Jersey Cit, and three tons to Berlin, Prussia. The Jersey City works are duplicates of those used at Swansea, and a thorough practical test will be thus made of the famed Poor Man's Joy rock, by two different, and superior, processes. The ore is be lieved to be extremely rich, as a button of 2 or. 3 pwts. of pure silver, smelted from one pound of rock by Mr. Mollitor, would indicate. This is at the rate of over $5,900 per ton. It is not to be sup posed the entire quantity is that rich, but there is a considerable portion of the shipment choice ore, and it is believed will yield from $500 to $1,000 per ton. The cost of transportation from the lead to Berlin is calculated to be less than $100 per ton; that to New Jersey, going by rail from St. Louis, will be about $10 .per ton more. The last lot brought over from Flint Creek was shipped at two cents per pound, currency, to Ben' ton. This also is shipped for like pur poses as those above mentioned, and should the results be as good as antici pated it will instigate the shipment of large quantities of valuable ores next season, and the eventual introduction of machi,-ery adapted to their economical and perfect separation. We see the question raised in Colora do as to whether or not it is to the best interests of the Territories to ship their n-res outside for reduction. We see no valid objection to it. Certainly we have ores enough. If the labor is too high here, or the machinery is not adapted to saving the precious metals, it is well to send it out; let the wealth of our quartz be seen ; capital be stimulated to invest' ment ; improved machinery be introduc ed, and when labor becomes cheaper there will still be sufficient ores to last for ages. California and Nevada quartz came into notice by this means, and the falling off in shipments from there, at present, is owing to the advance in freight. from t.5 to $15 per ton, to Eng land. Colorado is shipping ore to C('hey enne for $40 per ton. and from Chey enne to Newark. by rail, at $39 per ton. Montana can chip by wagon, to Benton, for :20; trom Benton to St. Louis for $20: from St. Louis to New York, or foreign ports, for $10 or $15--giving Colorado a p;rotective transportation tariff of $7:), and Montana $50 or $55 per ton. It will be seen by this that we can lay ores on the New York docks for $2.5 or $:0 per ton less than Colora do. We have 30 steamers reaching Benton annually, with a capacity of 6.000 tons. Two-thirds of this tonnage, at leas:, is unused on the return trip, and if these,. .hipments give a margin, the opportunity will be turned to good account by another year. However, none but rich ores will warrant shipment, for although asmesre reducers guarantee a return of 90 per cent of the fire assay, they charge $E8 in gold for milling ores, and the expense of mining, transportr tion and reduction, requires an assay of at least $1.50 per ton, to justify the ven tures. Its chief obji.cts we havestated ; they are in the highest degree com mendcable, and it is to be hoped, as an ticipated. that these shipments will re sult in great good to the minirg inter I ests of Montana. i! -- - - _____ FUNDING THIE DBET. The financial problem has finally been solved-the (tordian knot is cut by a general funding bill, the sure, safe and most direct method of egress from the labarynth of perplexity, confusion and danger, in which the finances were in volved. It is one of the few measures which, it is anticipated, the President will not veto; his views on this ques tion, singularly enough, harmonizing with Congress. The exigencies of the war required the issue of bonds at a high rate of interest. The redemption of Five-Twenties after five years from is sue, and before maturity-twenty years, is at the option of the Government. These 5-20s bear six per cent interest, payable in coin, semi-annually. There are three issues of them, dating from 1862-'6'64-'6. Those of 182 amount to 4500.000,000, and it was shown by care fully prepared tables, that by the original bill funding them with thirty-year five per cent bonds,that the total saving to the Government on the one issue at the ma tarity of the 30-year bonds, in 1898, would be $269,912,460.00; more than one-half of the amount. The bill was however modified, making the interest 44 per cent, thus making a still greater saving. The entire amount of 5-20's of the three issues, and 7,3-10ths, convertible into 5-20's at maturity, contemplated as re - detm !,b 1,h the new bonds, is $1.013. 442,700.00, or three-fifths of the entire debt. The wsving on the interest, and the $135,000,000, annually set apart from customs, f r this snecific purpose, will pay the interest and principal at the maturity of the 80-year bonds. As.the interest is now fixed, it is a fraction lees than three dollars per annum to each person in the United States, with a wealth and population doubling and re doubling itself rapidly. In Frana the rate is 2.00, and in Engsand &26. There is no threatened revolutions there on that account. although the Johnny Bulls, with all their mature plans and smooth ly working systems of finance, pay more than we, and the wealth and popula tion gives no noticeable relieL Besides, under the the new bill, Jay Cooke & Co., and others are cut out of a per centage on sales. Those holding the old bonds can convert them, or the Secretary of the Treasury an sell the new ones at par, and redeem theold bonds as they become due. This bill is one of the fruits of the expuresuoa of the Chicao Convention, distinctly demanded in the resolations, whilh the a*mse sid meant exactly what they did ot say. We said "amen" to the rmelassla; my "aMles" to the ndg 1I, and yet claim oomastsaey. The New York Convution having managed to incorporate in its platitudes, resolutions to the same general effect, and thrown Pendleton and his '" irre deemable " ideas overboard, it ;may be accepted as a settled fact, that all men of all parties, will unite in acquiescence to this measure. The Democratic big gun was spiked before a shot was fired ; its chiefs are stripped of the war paint and feathers, and stand disarmed on the day of battle. The faith of the nation is sustained, we have passed the ordeal unscathed, and the government has vin. dicated itself from the aspersion that in base ingratitude it would defraud its creditors and evade its honest debts. The Fortieth Congress has not done a better deed than this, and with this es tablished and in effective operation, the further reduction ot taxes and final ex tinguishment of the entire debt will be of easy accomplishment, and the nation will have borne manfully, heroically and honorably, the burdens that .'ame of the Great Rebellion. DUTY. On Monday next, occurs the general = election in Montana. On that day we give expression by our ballots of the judgment of the people of thing& past. It is the verdict of "well done thou good and faith.~ul servants," or condemnation if they have proved recreant to their trusts. We do more than this, we dele gate to officers the power of the people to make and execute our laws for another one or two years. Those we have en trusted bring their actions to the ballot box for reviewal. A vote cast for the doer is an endorsement of the deed, and an instruction by the voter to continue in the future as in the past. Once a year those who are governed rare the governing power. They have months for consideration, but a moment to act. The ballots that decide the legislation of the Territory right or wreng ; that pass upon the ability, efficiency and hon esty of officials ; that indicate the will of the people for the future, make the irre vocable verdict of a tribunal from which there is no appeal, and it behooves those who vote rationally, as men worthy o1 citizenship in a mighty nation, demon strating the theory that man is capable of self government, to consider well the principles involved in the simple act of casting their votes. It is not a question that should be decided by verbal miasma, raised by the heated ilr.aginat! )-s of scheming, intriguing otflce-seeker,, who flounder about in the filthy pool o,t poli tics, until every exhalation is a ,.encli in the nostrils of honesty and judgl:ent. It is not a question that poor whiskey at free bars, or Judas pieces of silver-bri Vlery, either of the bowels or the tr,.eches -should decide. It is not a question in which party predilections should he al lowed to swerve men from a conviction of right, and impel them to acts of vio lence aga.nst their better iudgment. It is a question whether the public servants have been faithful or unfaithful in the discharge of their trusts, and if you pass opinion on it let it be conscientiously, rationally. We have given an exposi tion of some of the acts of the last Leg- islature, somewhat limited by our space and time for review. We confi ss an inability to portray in the startling col ors they deserve, the acts of that body, iniquitous in the evil they are working to the people of the Territoy, no matter whether framed in gross ignorance or premeditated wrong. You have the statutes before you, judge whether the exposition is just or unjust. Not the least wrong are those of finances, and the impositions upon miners,which the near approach of the election may preclude us from noticing, yet these are matters the practical workings of which are pat ent to all, and against which the voice of Montana has been raised in stentorian tones. A portion of that Legislature re mains;another portion must be chosen by you on next Monday. Democracy has a majority here, and that element presuming to represent it was unani mnous in the Legislature last winter. You have trusted them and been betray ed ; you have asked thez:l for just and equal laws and they Lave given you statutes that no "white man's govern mnent" should be guilty of*; that a black and-tan carpet-bag, negro-equality Leg islature would blush to acknowledge, and that even the field hands of Louisi ana would repudiate. If you permit the opportunity to pass without a rebuke to those no shamefully misrepresenting you, it will be virtually approving their action, arming and nerving to further wrong those who have used their power for evil with every energy they possessed. The very end democracy strove to attain and suc ceeded in last year, is a curse to legisla tion-a body a unit on political is sees. There never tras a govermnent with but one political party that did not beooms a tyranny; never a legislative bidy so cotituted that was not corrupt. The experience of Montana is no excep tion to this general rule, and it will be come worse and wickeder, as success emboldens it to deeds of hostility to the United States, and mal-administration of local affairs. Neither does the minori ty want to be hopelessly in the minority -a presence that will only excite to brow-beating and contumely. It should have a strength that would command notice and respect, and without that, your laws, resolutions and appropri ations will grow more grievous until a sudden tide of revolt will throw the en tire political control of the Territory into the hands of the opposite party. Democrats can see this plainly working in Montana toeday, and while we ordis narily view it as a party journalist. we Scan say independent of that, that to re tain the majority in this Territory for f 186!)9, Democrats are necessitated to yield liberally to Republicans in 1863. Taking this view of the case, it is the duty of 4ecery Republican to go to the polls on 1 Monday and vote the ticket, that we may have denunciation of, and relief from, the monstrous burlesque on legis. lation that last winter issued its edicts d from tihe Capital. It is to Democrats a npoint of honor and discretion, not to r, seek longer to foist the impositioni upon this people that is well nigh shattering their party to fragments and bringing disgrace upon their name, and to repu diate its acts. It is the duty of all to see that good Republicans are sent to the HIouse and Council, that bad may not become worse. We subm:.L this view ot "dutv" to the electors of Montana and hope that it may be given consideration and meet approval. MINERAL RESOURCES. We are indebted to a friend for a copy of the Reports of Mr. J. Ross Browne and Mr. J. W. Taylor on the Mineral Resources of the United States. It is a volume of nearly 750 pages, and is, without question, the most valuable re port ever made upon the precious min erals of this country. In it we find, per taining to Montana, the report of W. S. Keyes, M. E., to Browne, 20 pages; the report of J. R. Blatchley, to Browne, 15 pages; Mr. Browne's personal report, 9 c)ages, and Mr. Taylor's personal report, I page-in all 45 pages. The reports of Messrs. Blatchley and Keyes, from a histy examination, appear to us as nearly correct as could be approximated to, and evidence a thorough research, a careful collation of such statistics and facts as are obtainable, and a manifest desire to tell the truth. TJme difficulties of collecting statistics is perhaps un derestimated, but let any on«- however familiar with the working. .and those conversant with the operations, in any one gulch, be commissioned to :scertain and report its product, and he will find what a Herculean task it is. Having tried this in Alder (julch a year ago our experience \'as in ascertaining from one that the total yield was between ý17, 000,000 and $18,000,000; from another that it was not less than $60,000,000, and from a third that the other two "were crazy"-yet either of these men would unhesitatingly condemn any es timate differing from theirs. Such are the difficulties of making up reports in the Territories. In so far as pertains to the geology, agricultural resources. history, climate, etc., the reports are doubtless beyond question in the main, and Montana, although not receiving that elaborate notice bestowed on Cali fornia and Nevada, has yet beeil accord ed a reasonable space. There are many points in it not given in the summary published from the _ meri'ah Jurnal of M"ining which we shall hereafter pre sent to our readers. SOLD. The Gazette was deliriously gratified yesterday over ' a good joke," iperpetra ted by the Republicans of (t*alatin county, in nominating Mr. Philip Thorpe .'r the Assembly. The (arrz Itt hau ltee-i most egregiously sold on the matter. and set up the halloo betore it was out of the woods. * Mr. Thorpe is about ii . thorough a " black-and-tan " * tepubl,- can as there is in Montana; can date his affiliation in Montana back to the or ganization of the first Union League and demonstrate it with as nfany straight votes for the Union party an any man in the Territory (Republicans only vote once at any one election). Notwithstanding this the Gazette, with dignified pomposity, asserts, parenthet ically, "He is a democrat." In mercy to the Gazette we hope the wags of the town will be less severe in their practi cal jokes. The Republicans .(f Gallas tin have some idea what they are about, as you will appreciate by next Monday, and they neither mistook their men, or nominated thoee who had been dead half a year as the wide awake democ. Sracy of Ohio did a few days since. Mr. T. was not present at the Convention, but he will be at the next seseion of the Legislature, which will answer the par pose fully as well.