Newspaper Page Text
THE MONTANA POST.
A-: N ewspaper, Devoted to the Mineral, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of Montana Territory. V >l.. \. NO. 13. HELENA. MONTANA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER t, 1868. WHQLE NO. 222 The Ilontana Post. iatt Editor and Manager ,. - jirtlo"ad 40 4neur -: ý nc F'rau~l- ( '.p Htrpa~ \\· ~-~l·\i~'-'r ~ W~ash 1 i' , . k ..",41..· (.,.at- h;ng .,f -'"' '".l n R.i tr-ti.n LMa4 - I*'. .-- Itof tl -Too 1 «; . ."f 14ap t - General "I. aa S"- atr." a;s1 flit. r in lchie l:". c·crr"! l a H10,( w nut :-a in his Ii; " thtc" tlitr . 'v , anl ". ; lktic ai ;'at (~i~~n Uathe.": that E : ""i1.'" if*t. c'%-hor~ Iiay. u t.:,t ti; v '" r. tie (4?j . II *ttl""t i, "11 w -h .. iii . w.- - ."r." 1,.,t in Briti li * . ".nIl.rful. fe.r *f 4H , ':"-* r"y.'i '"t 2.4NN, 4411411 tliIM>.. .''o :r ii 111 Ih rtv- n c- t;t -r. ,t" r.tuiri- ot'oi that 1111'1 :;-~ ""t ~.ait.rnia. * , g ~. raint 53 11 xaa:w.rit '. t: 1LI ti, ll.b * ,,r Bract( i- fle - 10 1 ii!lr i i· 1i'"~ib~tt: I IIli ·· i· ~;:.r r~t \\ rtl 'o,. f;r tlit. 1',~'r i iiNr. I i~c,·r n-i ·'.- - ~ \t ; ..-i r 1, M j,\r r t~r e,, * -.. :rri - ti ,''r- Nrt1cnhw 4. r * .' r tur ti a Ii. 'Iv rltd 1t " 1 L.IV li da..s fii:tanitur 't~i~- wih 1 :.1". t. "1cr. ": I n ir.ra I~ an r- '. 111 1 .. a ch 1 t ; a ". .Xaiattar i t h~~.a-ti Mr. ý I lii.a fl' I II t ki'" n rntnt1ior t f ir t y 1_ .I ulnt. 1"I ToI tal ex. a--inzthil rt". enue tax for t-;1'1 1 ta tail .ilpenses of -, n 1* an I ;.a'eriat agzns *4il$5:;.413. :, t,..-a a a I r' ward to) inti~rixaers. ;` ( 7t~ltn t erroºneotia. vCollected a.1tuid t. *l.104a;.515. There was~ . arii to (ir~n-lily, -::it:2O)(anti - r x . traio tialal hII .IiiUl~tifg t4) a.xf.~ a re', t'fa1t- tit *EiI 4Ž'.o. t t. iý. * t:,- r x.VtiiUt lait paaidI ~ifCt' 2at, 1 t a" rivt~n lie (ii $eiot.(W0. be * t it ..apa Lilt i.*It rIluttaifina.. 1"a our t~e.ttrn exchange.-' I I jeI cautiul tnllI tntmteoric V. Earl, twcirrtcd a fe-w- nights ago. pit-siredI that the celestiaI :. II ..1ll nett wind -*i1 in this ."I,-, qjuite as illiagnihcent a - tcirret1 near W'arsaw, Po am, 1: **~,"to.* hall of f ire. now n:-t "lie ;Vtle oft Warsaw. was .trI~Iti' thie earth ufn a star ant 00 jtxlý i. I1 on reachin~rr '· .rI· urrounhtng the earth. j e r ;t11In *\jTifbil Hl with a noiijie ur- irutil it re'aced the earth - Itti I Ulefln or in almos41t impal o",.r ýt jefltji.t esttilate it ..i - I. r . i ,iotisand a:r es.antd ira .:r:et -1. of *ato'. THlE tRYIIY. ::". \ utl:na t n;,.n a.ra s rt nrt. .. : hi is telei.raphied to /. . , .... t/. we learn that : , St lptt lber. the actual S rtgin n t its in service was-4t, :.. r,. ,.i, - 4.3: 10 in the engineer, :. ., a,, i -,,tr s. eciai branches. , I Ii 1.-.t 4 atM will bet mustered t1 \ira i ,tU of te.rml 4) service. :.; .r tt t ,.ertiouas was 2700 less Sr \ i ' y.tar, ann the nuniber • -' H) lm,re. l-tccruiting was - \ r" l :11i . I oGN. ordters having .. 1,1. 2 6. 1.e, to reduce all and artillery. except ten .t:,,lit·s to ,.l privates to a co)i li." .\,!iutant t;eneral renews in'i el, atietn that enlistments . ;.ie, :e,r hive years instead ot :i tla: mu.icians be enlisted al. n1 e ot 12 instead of 16 S :itlelS that the President *.,,r ti to drop any officer tfrom i.: army who deserts and i rre ted for court martial It :, .. ,,nt he after desertion. S:':: .l-r tf volunteer otfieers, S,: neral Howard, have been , Ii Itnlt whit.ll t e last year. He It r. :, ule.,is the establibbment or " r'.., y prittons, the first in New S!.ri,-, ~ cl.h pIroving successful, . :, t . ii, I bland. one in the Mis 1'i \1 !. a. nd one on the Pacific O(CIDENT AND ORIENT. The progress of civilization has ever betn westward. Its cradle was in the North Temperate zone and moving to ward the occident. population, arts. sci ences and letters, the energies of ('oam mierce, the hum of industry, improves ment in government, and the .levation of humanity. ha'e had inception and successftul nurture almost wholly with in the same limits. In six thousand years its tide iies never turned back, and scarce transgressed the narrow boundaries. (i' ies. kingdoms, nations, and peopl)es have been overswelt in its resistless course, to live in the glories of its golden day, and sit after in its linger ing Twilight rememblaering happier days, or. in the darkness of desolation and for getlulness,. with their banners and deeds alone reproduced on the canvass of hin sryv. or crumbling to decay on the gran ite pages of buried cities. Evolved fromn tih (4rlent. westward over lands, seas and ;rand divisions it has passed until ,n the Pacific shores of America its course is stayed, as the fire ceases when the fuel is consumed. And now the We1-st. li.zlting new torches at the sacred dame,. and preparing the way with roads, canals and telegraphs, re turns to lihiit up the waste i lacs of the ,,old world. to revivity with the electric illllillpule f enterprise the dormant fac ulties, and call inta, vigorous exercise thli xhausaittiess capabilities of the East. India tfireen years ago had not a rail ruad withinl its vast domain. now it hias tur tlhou-iand miles built by English capitalists, and tast completing lines are concllc:in the princi pal cities. The Su.z si hip canal. that stullpendous work ,t France. is nearing cmciletion and an lti pe r iof the nineteenth ,...n t a re ··af-ca ., Yntri· t Cent ur' is thile lister slirit % lho turns froam the west to c('oilielte and render usetful the pre ject of the 'tPerian King. Darius. halt a century be,r'ore the ('hri.tian era. American cap italists turpo~e- ancothler ashil, canal across thioIt i tlnus tof Darien, that the corn ti,'re o th,. East may nlot be alonolpo lizrd by Eur,,ie. or American ships be conipellicd to sail throughl canals owned ly i.: n powers, and liable at any time to. Ie 'l,. d t, ,ur tt,-t-ts. It is ui,on the anti,'il,pated heavy trade- with Asia, after its Iarts hiave beet--n olWned Jby treaties and eInlargemtd Iv trade, that the estab li-it,ed and linjeet.-d trans continental railroads ot Alnmerica dtel,-end, in a great i.:l'..re. for successftil operation. 'l'i"e Eilbn-svs. oft which Mr. Burlingamlne it the .,okeslmaa. appointed iv the Em ,eror. tnianitests the diesire of that ,o te.nti:e to unlock the. iortsc t 'lf China. to th row djown the wall. ot seclusion, share the- lhene-i's of trade, and welcome tihe glowin-z etfulgence of that intelligent lighlt.whlose lprimal sparks were placedia tile hands of t.ie western hound. thous ands of years ago. Not the leastimalportant of the many kindred enterprises tending to this purpose is the establishlment of the East India Telegiaph Company. T'he- privilege of connecting the princi pal cities of China by telegraph was give-n to) this 'Ionmpany by Mr. Burlin ganme on Is half of the Chinese (iovern nieut. and incorporated under an act of the New York Legislature, and we no tice by the Trluoae that all arrange unents are perfected, and the Company will proceed. at. an early day, to carry it into operation. This line of 900 niil..u -ill .li-.tl. or sawt olttle, It·ume, miles will directly connect cities having a commercial population of six million li).plie, and indirectly aflbrd facilities of comllmunication to the peouIle of all China. numbering 414,1OO).000 people, or omver one-third of tihe entire population of the earth. It is almost incredible. yet tru,. that the foreign trade of a dozen of tlhe.-e cities amounts to one thousand mmlillion dollars annually, and it is doubtless in part owing to the American (iovernmneat having secured this desirable privilege, through Mr. Burlingame, to the exclusion of England, that he was so rudely treated on his first arrival in London. The paramount im o'rtance of securinga portion of the trade of the t'elestials to nourishing a petty spite has induced more civil treatment to the Embassy recently. and its presenta tion by the Premier to the Queen at Windsor. It is better for all that Amer ica has precedence in the new field for the tendency of British companies to build up destructive monopolies like ihe East India and Hudson's Bay has lodeimonstrated itselt and universally pro \vn an evil to all except the company. A vast proporti(,n of the Asiatic trade will naturally be with America, and up on general principles as well as in view io the partial dependence tor some years of the Pacific railroad upon it, it is well that our government should generously encourage all enterprises calculated to establish and build it up. The West is going hack to pay a visit of enlighten ment to the East. and America is the favored guest. Who would hazard the prediction that Asia will not be a clues ter of Republics in a hundred years. reared on the ruins of present empires? A New York banker named Duff, re cently married Miss Grace Shaw, daugh% i.er of the great humorist "Josh Bil lings." The latter in sending the no. tice to an editor friend, accompanied it with the following note. There is a good deal of human nature in it : My DEAR - . They have taken the last bird out of my nest, and there is nothing left for the old ones, but to sit on the top limbs and sing to the setting sun. If you please, will you place this knottyJ' matter in your valuable columns escorted with any trifling remarks that may euggeet themselves, about the un fortunate vagrant in the role of comic humor, who continues to remain, Your obedient servant, Josa BILLINGs. Oregon proposes to have a Bureau of Immigration.* TEAT DKUT. Our neighbor of the Democrat, as well as the Gazette, has made a reply to our article on the "Debt of Montana,', whtch would be creditable to him if it were true. But the premises taken are false. The Bannack Legislature. as it will be seen, from the names composing it, was largely Democratic. Read : ('oUNCl.--Lawrence, Bagg. Potter, Worden, Merriman, Thompson and Lea Vitt. HloUre-B,-ll, Buck. CourtwriKght, Det wiler, Faulds, Huffaker, Johnson, Ma hew. McCormick, Ryan. Stuart and Smith. There were four DL)uocrats in the Council and eleven in the House. It these were under the control of Radi cals, we would like to know how. Will the D'euo'r,tt or (Gaze tte enlighten us? According to thel showing of the (Gazette, they voted $28,297 extra compensation to themselves. Code Commission, cornt posed of two Democrats and one Repub lican. $f10.3;3.3-2 : ('ommissioners to lo-, cate 'apital--one Republian and two Democrats. $222. The other expenses were such as the laws, adopted by a Democratic Legislature, allowed. It I~adicals were fortunate enough to get any of the money it was siimply because they lhappend at the time to hold posi tion. They were not to blame for that. The wh,,le debt of $8.'..004.50 was of Democratic origin, and could not have been made without the sanction of laws lpa-ued by a Democratic Legislature. 1Blt the people understand this. N,) reply is necessary to the tissue of mis representations which lack even the dignity of respectable sophistry that they have paraded before the public as an explanation of our financial condi tion. Both the (;,rzetth and I)isoerv,t feign to laugh at the idea of sixty thou sand dollars being a large debt. Tax payers. who have to pay for it. and get nothing in return, think differently. The Gaze'tte, on thie strength of it, pro-I claims that the debt has been reduced $210.))O. This is simply untrue. The' fi0.000 is the funded debt-the addi tional debt is nearly half as large, and uniprovided for, and was made by the bogus and last Legislature. But we have no patience in exposing these mis representations. We reiterate all wet satl in our former article, which is c,,r-' r4olsrated by the records of the Terri tory, and which we will have a trans W rint at in a t.w ahvra ... W. ' cript ot in a few diays. e w... then publish and ask the people to examine for tLemselves. A muere battle of contradictions between the I)tN meorat or the Gqtz1te and the I',PTr, proves nothing. (o to the records. See what party made the laws, and enquire into the reasons of their passage. See which party has been in power, ever since the organization of the Territory, and what they have done by legislation to develop it. or provide, it with conveniencies. See into whose pockets the money goes that is now yearly raised by taxation. There are no Judges paid now-no ('ode Com mission-no capital locators, but an i, creased legislat( r ai.enhly---r, inrreda'ed n Imb.'"r of 7T rritorild offeers--and they are undeniably Democrats, and for that reason get the people's money; all the blather and nonsense of our neighbors to the contrary, notwithstanding. Will the ;,oz, tl, tell us how much has been paid them for public printing. at diff"r-, ent times, and will Major Bruce tell us whether it was ten, twenty or thirty thousand dollars, in all that he received from the Territory on the same account? To the charge that we are governed by ,e-lfish motives in the exposition we have made, we plead guilty in one respect. We are tired of paying taxes, when the benefit is all partizan and at the people. expense too; but whether selfish or not, we invite investigation. If we are wrong in our statemen.s, prove it. Our selfish news has nothing to do with the matter. We love Montana, its resources, and its citizens. We know that it is tocday the richest and most oppressed Territo ry on the continent, that it is receiving and has received ever since its organi zation, more injury from those who ought to have been its friends, than from any other source. We are tired of it. Our people are discouraged. Thou sands have left the Territory under dis couragement which sprang from bad legislation, and Territorial mismanage ment. The party in power has hune like a leech upon our resources, until the life blood of the system is terribly depleted. We wish to see the remedy applied before it is too late. If out neighbors of the Territorial press will not help us, we will work single handed until the people arouse and thorough reform is secured in our legislation. The Reno (Nev.) Creasent says: '"I all the county from Chief Justice to JU tice of the Peace, and from Constable to ('ongressman, it is a clean sweep for the 'nion, a magnificent, triumphal victory. The Crevwret figures the Union majority trom seven precincts at 191. The other precincts, it says. will make the Unias majority 2~35 in Washoe county. ] Reno, Chief Edwards was elected Coan stable over Tom Andrews (Dem.) and J. Hubbard (Independent). At Crystl Peak E. J. Campbell (Union) was elected ('onstable by 19 majority over N:". Chandier (Dem). J. 11. Lovejoy (r.) was elected Justice of the Peace at Cry tal Peak. John Brougham has writtena as- drama, called "The Emerald Ring." It's time. "'The Whiskey Ring" . about played out. d _ W. Coot has been appalated Ir Bevenuen leret a nd Lewis .. caug,, hSr W Terutery. IBIrTI A'TISN vs. AUADo. The editor of the Gazette. confirming hhi right to the sobriquet "Artful Dod' ger," has "Another Dodge" in yester day's issue. The suggkesion tor a Reg istration Law inspires his feeble soul to reply. With assumed airs of lofty prin ciple he expresses a desire to " prevent illegal voting and protect the purity of the ballot box." and "will recommend to onr legialatre any improvements which may suggest and recommend themselves to aour judgment." Here is exposed the hypocrisy and dishonesty of the Gazette. I We advocate a registration law because itbs the only eiectual mesas of pre \sating a-M #a thbe pdtL The Ga r UW opposes it because It believes suac a law would disfranchise some who now vote the democratic ticket. We advo cate a general law by Congress. because such laws where possible should be general and permanent, and the right is conferred on Congree by the ('onstitu lion "to make all needful rules and reg. ulations respecting the Territory." and "to provide tor the general welfare." The Gazette, on the contrary. advocates the dabbligg in such affairs by the dem ocratic Legislature of Montana. with partisan objects in view. as is clearly evidenced by its objection to submitting the question to the general government. Tie law of ('ongress would apply to all Territories, have some intelligent con aideration and action, with due respect to the welfare of the people without re gard to party, and be irrevocable except by the same authority or the erection fo the Territories into states. The govern meat of Montana is only established as a temporary affair; its statutes are ephemeral at best and subject to amend luent by Congress, as is the entire gov ernment, and the records of its Legisla ture from first to last are but multiplied pages of stupidly ignorant blunders, or, iartisan preferences and prejudices and schemes for personal aggrandize:nment. The two attempts to amend the election law last session, leaving it at last in di rect violation to the United States stat utes ; the resolutions censuring thet judi ciary, repealing extra compensation to Republicans and bestowing it upon Democrats ; the enactment of oppres sive private charters contrary to the amendment to the organic act, atid sin ilar enactments, ad infinitln,,. are sufli eient evidence of a lack of both ability and moral honesty. What "the configu ration d the country" has to do with a general registration law perhaps the Naze.dt can explain. The fltzette wholly meisman-nats or misrepreseata our eittlou, w j a mes that we pro ped to Ics[el those who have taken out their first papers, tfr that is where held to constitute the es -.ial rIquislte '.to obtaining citizen lp.al to eal . the person to sut age. oee to se'tion o.5 f the ganlb dI 6lll ntana, the organic act Idaho amd ther States and 'Territo will enlighten the (Graette and pre vent the recurrence of a statemlent so prejudicial to its claims to intelligence. We ask a general registration law, to prevent voting by aliens, and "repeat ing" by those entitled to suffrage. Such a law is necessary. The party, paper or person who opposes it is the advocate of crime, and no desire to subserve party can excuse them. We wish it general and permanent, and therefore advocate its enactment by ('ongrtes; and what is more, will labor for it pe sistently, and trust confidently it will 4 in full force and effect in this Territ r beftore an other general election. A DIVISION OF NEW YORK. The people of the great State of New York, outside of IGotham. are getting tired of the domination of that fester long spot of political iniquity, and the proposition to divide New York into two separate States is being earnestly discussed. Massachusetts, pre-eminently the Republican progressive State of the Union, gave 71,000 maj. for Grant. New York state, independent of New York city, gave 58,000 for Grant, ranking it as the second Republican State in the Union, yet the thousands of money pur chased, fraudulent and whiskey traf -icked votes of the human offal in the John Morrissey and other like districts of Gotham, gave up the State to Seymour and fraud by nearly 10.000 majority. The political status of the 4,300,000 people of the Excelsior State is wholly subverted by this influence. Like a foul ulcer on the body it effects the entire system, although but local in itself. The proposition is to erect New York, Richmond, Kings, Queens, Suf folk, Westchester and Putnam counties, having an area about the same as Dela ware, and a population of 1,282,327 peo ple into a State, to be known as Man. hattan. This will give the Tammany ring fall sweep over that State, but it will rid the other three millions of New Yorkers of this political "old man of the sea," and place the State in the true position it is entitled to, a strong Re publican State. As it is now, these three millions of people are the victims of the worst ring of thieves and swindlers on the continent, with headquarters in Tammany Hall, and their reserve corps eqaual to any necessity, massed in the Five Points and ambushed among the dasks, with a apisate strength in fl.datlet matalInemae papers. "If shy stght hand ol.ad thee, tat it offt." CAST all tSA L UP.N TUEs WATERS. The many who are departing for the States on pleasure, commercial business or to prevent the total destruction of the government, inevitable should any other person be appointed to the Post office or Indian Agency for which they are aspirants, can incidentally do a good service to Montana and their friends by telling the truth. The capital that is to develop the vast resources must, as it has in a great measure, come from the East. The amount of capital in Mon tana it little more than sufficient to sup ply the demands of trade, after except iag the product of mills shipped to eastern stockholders and the placer gold carried out by those who having acquired a competence return to the States for investment. With capital thus employed and rates of interewt ex orbitantly high, Montana, although pro ducing her own breadstuffs and $12. 000,000 to l;.(NhI,000 in precious met als annually, depends upon this out side capital for rapid development. To those who are acquainted with the facts, and know how requisite to suec cess is practical knowledge of mining in the persons having charg.' of compa nies, and development of leads prior to the erection of expensive buildings and the putting up of costly machinory. the gross ignorance and absurd ideas entertained on these matters by many persons in the East who have in vested or may invest in mining enter prises. will be astonishing. As an in stance of this, a company of business men last year organized a company with $100,000 capital, purchased a fine mill and shipped it to Montana About the first of September we met the Presi (lent of the C'ompany in ('hicago. lie was about to despatch a Superin'end - ent, amalganmator, and another employee to Montana to erect the mill immedi ately and sledge out golden bricks. On the three leads owned by the company there were said to be two shafts(') fif teen feet. and one; thirty feet deep. The party of whom they were purcliasP l had been absent from Montana two vtears, during which time no one had touch-ed the leads, and neither of the three persnoe to be sent out had ever been in a mining country, yet they were counting confidently on most astonish. ing success, and considered they had a "dead cure thing" on a fortune in six months.' A recommendation to house their mill in Helena and develop the prope-rty before the erection of the mill, was treated almost with contempt. The assertion that fifteen, or thirty feet, was no development at all-that they were not sure of their lead a foot beyond the bottom of the gopher hole, and that they were recklessly and unnecessarily haz arding many thousand dollars in the employment of impractical men and by not ascertaining the existence of a lead before expending money in transporta tion, buildings, etc., was rebutted by the testimony of a dozen book worms who had been consulted, and reference to a tract published by the Company, in which dividends were set forth in a glittering, fascinating array that would seduce dollars from the bags of a miser. It is a gratification to know that good counsels prevailed, and the (ompany is now proceeding in a manner that would be approved by the successful miners of Montana. Our State-hound residents are generally cognizant of the right way and the wrong way to achieve success in quartz mining, and in their driftiugs up and down the States may do great good by exerting, when circumstances are favorable, what influence they may to have capitalists, who may invest in mining, proceed in the manner experi ence has demonstrated is free from the unnecessary perils and breakers on which many companies have wrecked their fortunes and done Adetriment to a Territory whose gold and silver leads will generously yield to the "open sesa me" of well directed enterprise. WILL-O'.TIE.-WI P. A halt dozen times at least within the last six years we have been informed that the Alabama claims were on the point of being amicably and satisfac torily adjusted. A half dozen times within the last six weeks the arrange ments were said to have taken definite form, and the chaotic millions involved were about to array themselves in serried Icolumns in their proper places, to re enact the collision of the Kilkenny fe lines, and leave nothing but their diplo matic tails to drabble the inexplicable pages of State history. But like crea tures of a dream they disperse in shape less shadows at the approach of practi cality, and at each touch of the sags. clous Ministers and Secretaries upon the govermeatal kaleldosoope the beauti ful illusion takes some other form. A week ago our immensely popular repre sentative at the ('ourt of St. James, hav ing shaken hands with half England and dined on mock turtle with the oth er, very complacently accepted the terms of the proctecol drafted by Lord Stan ley, whereby our little bill of eighty millions for American merchantmen de stroyed by British pirates was to play the part of Jonah to .Johnny Bull's \Whale, in the high ,old comedy of English Equity. In a patronizing kind of way, he inci4 dentally submitted it to the considera tion of our au ftit stage manager, Mr. Sewa rd, who declines the honor of put ting in an appearance as peremptorily as Parepa Rosa did to appear betore a 08W house in ('arson. And now the tele graph, which has giv'en a surfeit of ru mtors in detail ou this subject, adds. by way of an em;llient to allay the univer sal irritation that nothing will probably be done in the c'ase, until everybo]y nterested, or who has any knowledge of the matter, is dead and decently buried in Auburn or lVestminister Abbey. It is to he .Iarndvce vs. Jarndyce over again. Th'le briefs aul attorneys thick en. and costs accumulate:1 . lit+- parties litigant wi!l hliutll, into coirt and hlut flte out stf t iste.ne*.. l-equeatl.inug their enlllllities and interests to some unfortu natet survivor, and the tog will grow t bicker until tile great case grows as corn plicated as the Schleswig-llolsteiu at fair and dliplomacy will have achieved another brilliant triumpll of masterly inactivity. It is a delightfuli state of affairs for those whose all is ivjol.v-el in the adjudlication ot the cast-. FrOMI WANH1NGTON. ilesignation of Judge Munson. EL'oT..S PosT: You have probably heard ere this .t the resignation of Hon. L. E. Munson. as Associate .Justice ot Montana. Mr. AMunscn was in town a day or two since on business, but made only a short stay. Hl. returned to his home. New Haven. ('onn., but intends to visit .lontana the coming winter or ensuing spring. It has not yet been de cided who will be nominated to till the vacancy thus created. Severai names are suggested. among which are those ot Mr. W\n. M. 3Stafford of Virginia, W. \V. Dixon, Eq. of Deer I(lge, and R. B. Parrott oft elena. Mr. Staflord's name having been already sent in at the last session of ('ongress. but not then acted upon, will stani a goodl chance, as Mr. ('avanaugh vill not withdraw it. Some other person may be suggested however who will be recommended to the President for nomination, Mr. ('ava naugh proposing to follow, so far as pose sible, the wishes of the attorneys re siding in the district in which the.l udge will be located. (4"MMI-. 1ON EH WIL.ON :.- i:: 1P'l " N M ONTANA. Much attention is now being drawn westward by the prospective speedy completion of the Union Pacific Railk road. Montana especially is the centre towards which most inquiries are being directed. The Commissioner of the General Land Ollice, lion. Jos. S. Wil son, in his report now. being prepared for the coming session of ('ongress. speaks .very highly indeed of our l'erris tory. IHe read to us a day or two since all that part of the report concern!ng Montana, and also Lis views on the railroad system of the United States as connected with the development of the resources of our country. and opening of the public domain He gives Montana a more extended no tice than any other State or Territory, placing her in the post of honor. iHe speaks in the mose flattering terms of her growth in the past, her prosperity at present. and brilliants prospects for the future, awarding at the same time just praises for her energy in developing her resources, both mineral and agricul% tural. In the 1,rcious "ieta!s. and this pro duction he renders just dues, and when the report shall have been issued and read, Montanians will say that its au thor is a truei friend ot the "Golden Summit" Territory. rilE NOlTIIERN I'A(IF'I( It.li.lt'AI). Mr. Wilson, in his report, warmly ad vocates a Northern Pacific Railroad, to be aided by C'ongress in the same man ner and amount as was the Union Paci fic Road. That portion of the report, regarding the railroad system referred to above, is especially interesting, and contains much wholesome instruction for all who have the interest of our country at heart. The closing portion of the report con sists of reflections upon the prosperity of the nation at large during the past-our increased Territory-advantages of rail communication between the two oceans, with other subjects, all of which, taken either together or separately, are very In our humble opinion the production can not be surpassed in diction, arrange ment, correctness of statements :r gen eral information. It is full of valuable truths and statistics, which will, when read, direct the feet of many pilgrims mountainwards, most of whom will un doubtedly turn their steps towards Mon tana. (AI'ITOLI.AN GOSSIP. Portions of Pennsylvania Avenue are being paved with a pavement of wood, resembling the Nicholson plan. We Lope the work will be made uniform and that soon the whole Avenue will be so paved Instead of with cobble stones as at present. We are having our Indian summer summer just now, and the weather is fine Indeed. . Washington, D. C., Nov. 2, 1868.