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THE MONTANA POST. .~ elw paper, Devoted to the M.ineral, Agricultural and Cormmercial Interests of" Montana ITer-it ory. . \. N.S. HELENA. MONTANA, FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1869. WHOLE NO.237 TH E CAMPAIGu meI 990 I . -- - - - . .. The iontana Poest SII. ILI . - EDITOR c ; }, . ..I. PINN NEY., Asocia:e Editor and Manager gaPi Bl.lcAN TERRITORIAL 4( ON1 ENI ION. I n u~~ ,-mn Territorial Convention of . . '.or, deignated t.+ be held in it. . u-, at Helena, convening on 1 "t, 1S69, at 12 m., for the n.! r,.naing a Delegate to Con - t" tran-action of such other buir. • e , , before It. l , tionment of Delegate. for the , o.- sill be as follows, the ratio r t-;, -.. 0-legates for each member of . t-f hi preeentative', Territorial As r i. i ' unt, ............ Delegates. Ltw:A CA.k ". ..........b '"M ..........12 " , . ... 6 .......... " H;.< .. 3 a utv t.mmlttee will call primary meet .In. 61 at" uitv. Conventions for the nomin-a :; :(',.ut v ffifcera aind the elecUton of t,, , laelýet. The ( entral Commit .:. ,-..- r,,lil" t atterntion, an equitable ap t . the e veral precinct', a full at t 1. publicans at all the eubordi a1 .- the selection of earne~t S , - el_-,ates tJ the Territorial Con r acting Chairmnen of the reve n'I :ltiee will plea-e communii aith the "tlepuhlicarn Excu St lit i iina," ' ettitn the action t , " rr·,,rae In:ay he a thorough orglinii . ~. I ; e.ofr-ll- Icampn ign. lIENlhY 1llOMPSON, ri -., r aiid Acting Chailrmar li.p I rritoria l Committee. i a : 1. . 1.,lay 10, l t ,J . t, bI l %'ID CL.%RK 4COUNTY ItII IP I HI('A' (;i.NTRAL St *oI.Y If'T T I . 1 n. milJlir_ ttf the L-wis ta.il Clark Coun ', " l t'llil llte are rcqu,'-tedl to mfee ex; - l. " of the urini*r-ined, in the "1i 1, 1 by the U. . Mli', hl, ait t t 11 < .lw:ayv. ,n S:aturi.ay ni'xt, the ;-t .it tl.ree o'clo.ck. ip in., for the i . 'lb t Ipnl i.,tain t bu-ilev.. J. J. ', ILLIAMS. r.r in lRepublic.in County C.:uinittee. I.th latest advicf s from AlasIka do not corrobolrate the reported dugracetul con St f our Army tficere there. F'i.Tr I)kKoTA is ordered abandoned. 1i.t .tores and material are being ship ,1i to Forts up the river. Sr..'r proloses to peaceably rega'n Giltralter. if possible, after the nation is f nar.cially reorganized and strongly con THiE C'alinet on Tuesday decided to, ,ulmnit the test oath, and the franchise tment clause of the Virginia Constitu tron separately. ,lEi1'II SMITlH. the Anti-Young head o. the Mormon Church, recognized by tLat non polygamous branch known as 'Jo ,lephites" died a, Piano. Illinois. on tle 23th of March. The statement is nflle in the Chicago Journal et April . ..... ...IRETAIRY Fish stated a few days n-nce that the Spanish governmentL had made no otficial representations of filli lunter.s etc. The Spanish Minister t, ms to have acted on the hint. The .t legramns are nearly monopolized with Lis rerresentations, and Cuban affairs gnerally. THE letter from Mr. Theodore Shed, at White Pine. to his father, Col. E. K. Si,.ud, will be found highly interesting, and is well written. It is doubtless an :n-ide view," of White Pine as it is. an.d corroborates otlier and reliable in ' rmation. The 'White Pine fever is 'The Illinois Legislature passed a law take effect Aprii 1. 1869, requiring all Srrns who own or run tbreshing ma r: nta. or machiun a propelled by horse .-,- r and connected by shafting or S'.!l. l: ng rods, to box each section of :i,: ~lamle securely. save the one next •!l,- 1.,lre mpower. All the joints. knouck .,s P ; ick. must also be hoxed. The , , ,o prevent accidents that crip ;• ,,r kill ts, many persons every year . tbe asricultural regionts. COMIPLETEDO. TY terdav. May 10th. at high noon. tt.e last rail was laid and spiked. con rtctinog the Union and Central k'a.*fic rri'rmads. It was the completing of an uterprlee fraught with more interest ti,an the tunnelling of Mount Cenis or r,,nnectiog the Red and Mediteravean Ea. IvY tire Suez Canal. Exchanges andl te.grar.s inform us that on the Pic.fitic td Atlantic coasts it was to be, c.iti,rate,1 witbh becoming ceremonits ard ,|.ular dr monstrations, while trom din In the deserts of Utah. we have rn,,T1rs of go,ld plikes, and silver epikes CG m. e-I(1 ...r,. ruby lips. alabaster necks. P; hkltng ~ ing ges,. wit, sentiment and Wl,at nt,,. 1hat graced the occasion and tut-ird the rail. ,uccr.s to the great enterprise s.d a Vunteer toast from Montana. N18. the tits be-tween Est and West "l-' r be h-lseeued. th.- Uuion be Pactfec. tLh t'eniral approah tbh E st, and htsl muderu C'olo.uus oa Roads be be b the pioneer of a no(r)thur. THE CAMIPAIGN Ow 969. By the call published in another col umno. the Political Campaign of 1869, in in Montana, is olpne~ Let there be a prompt response by all county commit tees, and a full representation in the Territorial Convention. TIe democra cy has the prestige of success, in past campaigns, and in their over canfidence have intimated they had the bit in their teeth and would travel their own gait over the course The wish was father to the thought, but they can bury the dead they have brought forth. There will be organization, activity and vig ilance in the Republican ranks The strength of the respective parties in this Territory has changed in two years. Those who have noticed the out going and incoming population of the last two years, and especially of the last six months, know that two Republicans to one Democrat, have come to Monta na and two Democrats to one Republi can have left. Tue Republican party never lacked energy and valor when the foe was strong and defiant, and they will not now when we have gained strength in numbers here. and en couragement by the eucceas of Re publicanism over all the land. while Democracy is weakened and shriveled into demoralization in these mountains, and is accounted a thing of thile past elsewhere. We need but a united on set and a determination to succeed, to Ionquer it here in the "last ditch." Fall into your old places in the ranks, Re publicans; noulinate your worthier.t and str,ongest men tlor Derlegates and ,tficers, and ',,u can win victory at the polls in August. That tlhere may b an united and pro,,mpt organization and no faiiure in any of the relmote count ice tlhroeugh the disoreanizati in of Clounty C'omlWit tee-- in thle interifti bet w"en catllnlaiglte, the ('iiairtnan has requested tlhat he should he at once cultituunicated witll Iby u1m,-tIiere of those (.nmmtoittees. or leading Republicans. it in C('oIluittee existls that the calls imay be publi.hiied or tellpwrary C',lltalitteer be apl)pinted by the Central Cotlniltie-. l'lhe .Ieces i cvy of this will he rec,gniz-il. and it should receive attention an all the coun tits. TLhe war horse-s and Ibrenuclms of thlie oplloition have Leen long on the track. 'They are leg weary already. There is plenty of time yet to work; none to waste. Organize. THrE ELEVAl' ED R]AILFWAY. The " Broadway Surface Bill" hay ing been killed by Gov. Iloffman. it is probable that the " -levate-d railway" will yet be adopted as a means of tran sit. Europe has its suLterranean rail ways and Pneumatic tubes, but this. second story railroading is a plan wholly American. The project was be gan last summer and a halt mile com ,lete don ii eenwich street. but through some oppl)oition was not run after the experimental test. whi-h was a success. The defeat of the Surtace Bill has given a new itupetus to the work, and it is ibelieved the entire line Irom the Bat' tery to Thirtieth street, along Greten wich street and Ninth Avenue, will be completed by August 1st. Toe track is laid at the height of the second story floors. being supported by iron columns resting on stope foundation.s. The m1o tive .ower is from stationery engines in vaults, placed at long distances apart. beneath the pavements. These engines w-rk an endless chain arrangement ex tending along the track, and connected. with the cars by g..arings. A trial car is now run on Saturdays to satisly the curious and accustom the residents to the innovation. It is said to meet the most sanguine expectations, and satisfy the residents along the route. If the cars do not get into an ntly habit of tutiblng off in the gutter and making business for surgeons and undertakers, there seems naD reason why this plan should not be adopted on all crowded city thoroughtares. It will possess thej advantages of being out of the mud and out ot the way of detentions from ve- I hicles and processions. It may insti tute second story shops and second sto ry promenades, and work a little revo lution in the customs of the day, or alas! it may share the fate of :he much hoped of. little used. and now demol ished " Broadway Bridge." OFF TUH TRACK. It Cuba comes int' the Union she will have to pay a duty of twenty-five cents a pound on such copper as the sugar and coffee planters may want to use in order that the coplwr stocks of Lake Sulwrior may stand well on Wall street. And it ('Canada om in she will have to pay such a duty on her cottons and clothing as will double the present c.nt to her citizens. In order that the mann tacturers of New Eagland way send their wives and daughters to Paris, or to whatevet particular resort they .may choo-e to spend their money in.-Ga seUte lt&. We would not for a moment tbhink of controverting the Us.ete. but merely to request it to reconcile the above so preme noneoese. with the following, from "the supreme law of the laud." 1o preference shall be given by any regutlatic. of cmlretrce or revenue, to the ports of on" State over shose of ano ther; nor shall vessels bound to, or trom one state, be ,ebliged to enter. elear or pay duties ln anotber.-Co>slitU.St of U. S. For the convenience and iafermatio of our cotemporary we will tate that that the Constitulion above referred to is regarded as a standard work. in this country, and can be obtained at may well lreg4ased oeomemtreted eUok ltaas Kanse owes. a iUnWi dsullauis .otitiuIttmal.Mem.. THEl ROAD THAT II UVILT. Now that the east and west has been placed in communicati,,n by rail, by the completion of the U. P. and C. P. Rail. roads, a brief account of the inception and construction of the herculean won der is appropos. The general facts and figures here given, we take from a very eompltte article on "The Iron Road" in tihe May Overland. As early as 1836, tha pr- ject of a railroad across the Con" tinent was suggested by Carver, Clarke, Brntoo, Wilkes, Whitney, and John Plumb, an engineer of Dubuque, Iowa., the latter making it a speciality, and la boring earnestly though ineffectually to bring it to the favorable consideration of Congress, until his death atter the California gold discovery. In 1846-7, Asa Whitney suggested a land subsidy, and in 1853 and 1854 aporopriations of $340.000 were made for explorations and surveys and nine expeditions organ ized under Stevens, McClellan. Sexton, Juonison, Beckwith, Whipple, Wil liamson, Parke and Pope, who surveyed ten routes, including, and we believe recommending most hLglt'y, the North ern Pacific route. ern Pacific .)ute. In 1862 Congress paseed thi first Pa. cific Railroad bill, which was approved July lst. making appropriations it land anrd money subsidies. The Califofhli Cnmlpany ortranlzed in 18ý1, under the namt a t tlo e (Central Pac.ic acnd made preliminary surveys in tihe sanme year. In tie, autumn of 1862. the working surreyVs were mtade fitly Iniles. extending 'ant ot Sacramento, and in January 1863 -rading was igun. The. e,,t1.any worked against very discouraging cir culntances. anid it was not until mid unlllllller i 1867. That the rails were laid toI tihe sunlit of tne Si.rras, 7,042 feet lhl.ove tIhe iea, and 10(. miles east of Sacrainento, having tunneled in fi'teen places, aggrega' ing 6 262 feet. and crawl eil up ih"- Sierras nearly 100 fe-et grade to tihe mile. ThIe first pa-s-engr.r train reachned the soruinnit Nov 30. 1867. The connlpany etmployed fromu 10000 to 12.' 000 wmen and 1.8110 t-ams in grading and cntstructifon, and hasI in one instance lanid seven miles of t rack in a single day. Allhnugh tihe U. P. was chartered to build to the ('alitrnia line, thet act was amended to permit thie Central to con tinue east lntil the, Uaion was miet, and by extraordinary energy Lth Central has bwen pushed forward to Promontory Point. 809 miles east of San Francisco. In the summer of 1865, eighteen months after the commnencenlent of the ('entral work was wbecun by tile U. P. at Omtaha. and up to June lst, 1866, had only extended to Columbus. 91 miles. By November it had reached the North Platte, 308 mniles. It reached Cheyenne at tihe base of the Inountains,. in tih fall of 1867-510 miles from Ouaha-and in April 1868 reached Evans' Pass (Sher. man.) 548 miles from Otimaha, at an altitude ol 8.242 feet, the lhigbt point between the two oceans. By the- 1st of January. 1869. it was in Echo Canyon. nearly 1.000 miles west of Omaha, and on thle 10thi of May united with the Ven tral at Promontory Point. The distance between Chicago and Omaha is 497 uiles. Omaha and Sacramento 1,727; Sacramoenmo add San Francisco 124 miles SacramenDto add San FranCisCo 1,4 nllnes -total 2 8348 mile. The road between San Francisco and Sacramento will be coupleted In July 18609. The govern luent land grants to the roads was 12. 800 per mile-nearly 16,000.000 acres in all. At the government estimate of value-$2 50 per acre-this would be $32.000 per wily. aggregating about $40 ('.).000. The bond subsidy aggregates $52 976.000-a government subsidy of $92,976,000 from Omaha to Sacramento, and $3,376 000 wore from Sacrame.nto to San Francisco-a total of $96.352.000. From 20 000. to 25,000 men, and from 5.000 to 6.000 teams have been engaged for the last year. nearly all of whom found their occupation sud den:y gone on last Monday. when the golden spike was driven. Soon this ar my of laborers will have gone; the de bris will be gathered up; the "inner rings" will have pocketed thirty or forty millions profits, on each road. (when thl y fulfill the contracts); the towns will settle down to legitimate existence. pursuits, prosperity or decline; trade will begin to flow through the new channel. and the beneficent influences of the great enterprise he radiated from Occident to Orient; mind in the mastery of matter reap the sweet fruits of the brilliant victory, and all the world learn the great lesson of the Nineteenth Cen% tory, that nothing is Impossible to the irrepressible Yankee with steam. green backs. grit and lightning subject to his command. Desnrueave Fire Ia Meuwsama. C, cAeo, April 2S. A Heles, Mosmaus, special ay0: This morning CheyJase, in .Montan, mwa nearly destroyed by Ir. Ninety-etabt bosinem boer sad about forty awelling bhoase we burarned. Lo,0, $6*,000. Webad the above in the Virginia, Nev.. Ba erpria of April 80th. The Asoeod. ated Press agents eamot belong to the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. By the time thatb iem gets around a little further, it will be n this wise: C maslzetIwe Fair *o Meodaiy. CoucRAeUA, Apnrl 8. A Healthy Mountain special says. tbIs afternoon. Belve lamoes and a Sioux chief were married in the old Sephire Cathedral i tirissly (OIhb. New Sou.h Wales. Atbout ~8000 Lboeas were li luutiaafed. aed $) @000 00 premeted to the bride. Her ljus I nor gala. Oen. Patreh H. Jeuee, who emmesded "Miles O'Refly" as Reoiter In lew York Cty. has been appdoated P-.a Master od that ey. Eally ma hs beas -sasme 'ONCE .IIOR TB O PTS SCl ATC'M.' Aye, Gazette! Doughty champion of the unterrified. When "'Time" is called you will fled your foe on the scratch, or in your corner. You shied your cap into the ring long since, in your over weening anxiety to finger the stakes, hut bluff is not victory, or cheek an equivalent for muscle. Your heart had beat high as the hour approached and our corner was vacant. had it? Did you chuckle with delight when you felt the fevered blood in your veins throb bing painfully up to your temples and believed no dexter hand would be there to sprinkle it on the turf that is soon to cover you? Had you cause for such hope from retrospection? We trow not. It would be well for you, if, when intes tine disorders are troubling you, when the light brigade has deserted, when re cruits come not and Donegal is averse to Pike, as oil is to water, there was no enemy in the field and no tri-color to the stake. We will accommodate you in another way. you country husky, with butternut skiL, bilge water blood, and Lynn brogans. and Lynn brogans. And in the name of all that is hellig erent, what are you going to make this fight on? What is your party? Its Slavery head is lopped off; its Repudia tion tail cut shorter than fly length; its Secession entrails drawn out; its scaly hide tanned and used by Seymour to wrap up speeches on "cheese;" its John sonian body dissolved in contraband Bourbon, and its Conservative nones stuck on a bar with the rest of the Au cient Mariner's dunnage. You believe in the popular will: That popular will has declared the so called, Democratic party, worships false gods, is full o! wounds and sores, and an intolerable nuisance on the earth. Do you sufpose you can longer stuff your columns with putrid hash and com. mend it to the griddles of Montana Democracy as savory sausage? Or do yeou think the practical men of your party, with intelligence superior to smoking corn cob pipes, can longer be led up by their noses to the polls, to eltct officers who can do nothing for thetm in Congress but defeat appropri ation, and will do nothing for them in Montana but impo,se taxes? It so, you insult 'heir intelligence, by the thonght. We tell you the days of your hum buggery is ended, and in August. we will send up the victor shout, "Babylon is fallen." You don't believe it, perhaps -"think there will be only a ligbht shower, after all." Well!-he was drowned. Whitge Men Klled on she Big Uorn. We find the following in a letter to the LDakoian, dated Fort Sully, April 19. It it is true it will be confirmed by the Crows, now assembled on the Yel lowstone. We doubt, however, the story of five white men on the Big Horn. It is improbable : "An Indian came into the Cheyenne Reservation six days ago, from what is known as the big, hostile camp, on Yel: lowstone. He says a war party of a hundred Sioux had just returned from a foray on the Crows. The latter stole the horses of the war party, and coming, beck they came across five white men on the Big Horn river. They drove off the horses of the whites, but in doing so the white men fired on them and killed two Indians. The whole party of Sioux then set on the whites and killed them all. There seems no doubt of the truth of this story as the rela tives of the Indians killed live at the Cheyenne. and have kept up a terrible howling since. The white men we sup pose were exploring for gold. Tarx difficulty in which Mr. J. Russell Young of the New York Tribune is in volved originated in his attempting to build up and run the Philadelphia Eve aing Post. The charges are that he subordinated the news and interests of the Tribune to that paper while mana ging editor of the former He bled Cam eron, Chase, Grow and others freely, and tried to harpoon Curtin. but was unsuccessful. His letters to his chums are published in the Ban and other pa pers. and we think like (reely, did when they were placed before him, that "it is mighty interesting reading." The propriety of publishing nonfidential let tsrs and telegrams spay be questioned. Young evidently thought so, having tapped Deana with a $10,000 libel suit. The sesntmeot of the press as decidedly averse to Young. A considerable ado having been made about the "tick" of the clock passing over several thousand miles on the tele% graphic circuit, in the recent Coast Lur% v.y experiment, and observations, the New York Hereld put in this: "That's nothityr wonderful The su pereargo of a Boatoo ship once went round the world on tick and brought up at Long Whart with a cargo of cassia, Manilla hemp and West India molasses." The telgraph "tick" of last Monday disconnted that again. It furnished, wish dispatbh, oil (all) of spike for a geas essa.,. sad pat it on 'taula, free of duty. The big (Prememesry) Poant as " n lots to salt par "assr." IIOM WHITE PINE. A LtO)K AROLND TilE DISTRICT. DEAR FATHEKI: Since writing last I have visited the two towns. Tl'reasure and Shermantown. The former is situ ated about three miles distant on a lofty peak, right among the wines and the celebratea Chloride Flat. The loca tions on the hill are similar to many in California in former days. when twenty or forty feet square was allotted to a man. Here you see many shafts sunk within ten and fifteen feet of each other and each claiming a sepe rate lead. There is not in the country. a defined lead. They are all mere mineral deposits and are just as liable to be found by sinking in one place as another, and are in all shapes and po sitions, are not extensive, and. in my opinion, not one out of twenty will pay to work On this subject I have spoken to old residents, who concur in the opinion, but are playing to sell out while the thing is at the highest pitch ot ex citement. I took the celebrated Eb~r hardt lead in my tour. It's all true about the fabulous richnbs. but these rich deposits are rarely found, and the rock is piled up in the building and sbo*n to visitors, who make up their mind that it is all alike. 1 SED VS LANORISIIHE ON EBERBARDT. I met Mr. Langrishe. who intends opening here in a few weeks, or perhaps months. I was talking to some old residents on the streets, when he came along, and in the course of conversation, mentioned that he had got a permit and visited the Eberhardt mine, (which by the way, is closed to visitors) lie said that the accounts of it could not be exaggerated. In going into the tunnel he stuck his knife in several places in pure silver. This is probably so; bit the question arises, why do they not iem ploy more than eight men', They have stopped running the tunnel at one of these rich deposits and are probably afraid to go tarther, for fear that it may give out. ALI. ON THE SELL. They are all on the sell. You can't go two steps without having your at tention called to a large notice in which you see some extra inducement offered by some wood, timber or stock ranch, or some elegant lead, or some mill site, or town lot or something else. all for sale. WVhat a terrible shame, to sacri fice such valuable property. Clothing sells cheap at auction- -pants, $2,50; good new revolvers at $5. Horses high-saddle animals bring from $60 to $100, coin. Wages for miners, $4 to, $~ per day; water, 10 cts. per gallon; wood. in Hamilton, $8 per load and dull sale; do. in Treasure, $12 and dull; lumber, in Hamilton, $350 per IM; in Treasure. $400. The latter place is largest and has the best buildings, but the life and activity is here. There are two mills going up, not yet completed. but the town derives it main support from freighting, it being the terminus of all the roads. SUtERMANTOWN. The town of shermantown is situated about four miles from here, and two from Treasure city, and is by far the pleasantest place to live in, but very dull now, notwithstanding they have the only two mills running in the country. one an eight and the other a ten stamp. kept busy all the time crushing ore from the Eberhardt. There are expected to be fourteen mills running here this sum mer. How long they will run, time will decide. "TtIBO." TALKS BUSINESS. It is a difficult matter to decide what to do here. If you are a miner, by hard work you may find employment. There are more idle men here by thousands than there are employed. If a wood. chooper perhaps you can get work, but pay is doubtful, as the employers are poor men, who got in early, located wood ranches, and can't at present find sale for their wood. There are a few saw mills in operation but they employ but few hands, at $100 per month and board; and last, but not least, if you have an eye to business, saunter up Main street, see a well situated and vacant lot, ascer tain name of owner, visit him and in quire price; answer: "I'll take $10,000 for that lot"-that let's you out. How ever, don't get discouraged; find a good building (there are few here il the coun try to compare with the "Kiyus.") ask the rent; $400 or $500 per month in ad vance-let out again. Now what on earth is the use of trying to do anything here at present, These fellows are crazy. Some of them can see distant fortunes slowly advancing toward tham. but I conversed with others who are in some business, and I have met a few candid men who say "take care. This thing is not satisfactory yet." The fu ture has got to determine it. We can not any of us determine it yet. Cer tainly, if fifteen mills can find employ ment here steady, it is bound to beaood. but it not, this may prove a Reese River No. 2. I shall wals a while to see it out. In the meantime, my advice is to new comers, to stay away. A year hence will witness whether the thing is good or ot. Itf good, property can be bought cheaper than to-day, and it not, give yourself credit for a proposed invest ment. COST or MINING The charges here are very high for crushing. over $50 per ton. and a per .oetage. how much 1 know not. Harry Williams got employment in a quarts lode today at $5. from Col. Hsed, who used to be in Diamond. The rate charged for hau;ing ore I. from $8 to $9 per ton. The Eberhardt are packing theirs on mules backs a distance of two miles. MOrTAIA ROLL CALL. Many Moatasasns are bere: Wee. and Jot. Travisa Joab Fe6tsberru,. Clay Thompms. Col. Head, santlagsba, Jam. t'has. Manly. J,-fI and Al. Ilankins, Nat. 'l'hut~ul, n. (ei,. Amuado,n. Ben Stmith. Ji mu Painter, ('att,. t'',S Lew .emuiesh. Blumenthal. lhenry Williams. .Alex. L~,thian and many others. DTI( K Tor MONTANA. All tho old Montanians now admit that Montana is not so bad after all. You will see sotlue of them back ere long. Many of them have been here from two to four months without em, ployment. Stick to old Helena for the present. Now, the climate and every% tiing else is against W hite Pine. A more unhealthy climuste is hard to find. Nearly a:l are sur-ring from colds, phneumonia, etc. A pest house is also erected here. of which I have an "cle gant" view trom the door of our tent. It iu now blowing a delightful and steady gale-immense clouds of da.t sweep in every moment, and cold enough for an overcoat. Col. Young and Frank Drake have not arrived yet. They will probably be here in a few days. I begin to think that Helena is a good place to invest in, but I shall remain here a while longer. Yours truly, Tuso. SItED. E. K. SImED. Esq. Hamilton, White l'ine, May 2, 1169. TnE New York Pont' of April 25th has a special stating that it was re, ported on good authority that Secretary Fish w. uld soon resign. The New York Tirtbuue of the 2G6h stays such reports had been current for some days. and suggested that, it erroneous, they should be authoritatively corrected as th.y tend to weaken the Administration. One of the reasons reported for his resigna% tion was, that "most of theI toreign ap pointments were now Iade." The 'Pot alwastated that torty-eight of the best Missions and Consulates were put on the appolintive slatte by ir. \ ashlIuirn while he briefly held the pencil of State. 'Thereution the Tribune con demns M r. W. for his alleged action, but it is very apparent, in connection with the reason assigned t.,r Secretary Fish's r-tiral. that the lash was intended for other shoulders. It does seem that the mechanic who does the work should wtake choice of the tools. LO.t r.EKa. Oliver Dyer, who trade John Allen famous, or rather, notorious, as "the wickedest man in New York." and who is writing to better purpose now, does not appear to have the most exalted ideas of the social, moral, and religious con dition of American society. He says in Packard's ~ onthly for May, that selfish laziness is the prevailing sin of society -that in fact, the land is tull of "loaf. ers," and that too with the most despie able of all, the "genteel loafers." He says: "Not that the kitchen folk are blame less: they are bad enough ; but the par. lor folk are too bad. And the plain truth of the matter is. that the general domestic muddle is mainly owing io the fact that the land is filled with loaters of both sexes and all conditions. The maid-servants loaf in the kitchens, and the mistresses loaf in the parlors; the men'servants loat in the stables, and the masters loaf in the ha&unts of selfish indulgence. A vulgar loafer is bad enough, in all conscience; but the genteel loater, with cigar in mouth and cane in hand, is a tar more dispicablo being: and when we descend still lower, even until we finally reach the fashionable female loafer in the parlor, we have a creature that smells offensively to heaven." And here is a pleasant ptcture of what shall befall these loafers who don't pay their way through the world by produc ing as much as they consume: lug as much as they consume : "The water of his hope shall be turned to the blood of disappointment; the Ircgs of discontent shall croak in all his chambers; the lice of secret evils shall infest his whole being; the' flies ot cen soriousnese shall sting him; the mur rain of indulgence shall consume him; the boils of shameless wickedness shall c.ver him; the hail of perverted bless ings shall smite him: the locusts of ma levolence shall devour him; the thick darkness of prostituted1 faculties shall envelop him; and over all shall be heard his wail for the death of his first born of that in which he had most trusted for happiness, on which he had most cherisbingly set his heart of hearts." In all of which, though highly col ored, can be followed the deep graven lines of truth-truth that is becoming plainer every day, as American fashion able s'ciety drifts toward the vortex of lazy luxury and extravagance, where have been destroyed empires and peoples and left but a wreck along the shores of centuries And here Oliver toggles the argument with a pretty tru ism : "It is the embrowned hand of liberal industry, and not the lily hand of sel fish idleness, which in the end grasps true happiness." Thaunk fortune, the "embrowned Laud" proudly surmounts the belmetof the West, and the calamities, which this Oilver dire predicts, have nut a cause where honest toil is honored, and healthy muscle is a standard of value. Duties falfiled are always pleasures to the memory.