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AlVIfl MIMIMP. Thc Search for Wealth in the Depths of the Earth ITIIIlLO Mill/ ITIII 1 II 1 U Luck of the Prospector and Some Late Strike. THE PHENOMENAL INCREASE IN BOSTON AND MONTANA DURING THE PAST DECADE. If those who were loafing about Butte •ten or twelve years ago could have seen a little ways ahead they could now have money to throw at the birds. "With the peep into the future, however. It would have been necessary for them to have had a few hundred dollars in cash and a fair degree of speculative sentiment in their composition. A combination of the three things would have been the foundation for the amassing of a large fortune without any other stock in trade. A few persons in Butte at that time possessed the requisite farsighted ness and speculative genius, but they were short on cash, while others had the cash and nothing else to go with it. At that period in Butte's history stock In the Boston & Montana Mining com pany could have been bought for $12 and $14 per share. Now it cannot be touched for less than $430. Besides the difference in value, the one who bought stock at the low figure would have had the ben efit of his share in $2,500,000 of dividends which'the company has disbursed among its stockholders since that time. Shortly after the Boston & Montana succeeded to the interests of the old Montana Copper company, which was along about 1887, it took under Its wing W. A. Clark's Colusa smelter and mines, consisting of the East and West Colusas It is understood that these mines and plant cost thc company $250,000, only a drop in the bucket as compared with the present value of the mines alone. Shortly after it took hold of the Colusas it began to clean and catch up the old work ings. This was a jab of no small pro portions, for at one point between the two claims the ground had caved to a depth of 400 feet. While the work of catching up the ground was in progress a crosscut was being driven from the 400-foot level into new country, Where it was suspected there might be a body of mineral. At a distance of about 30 feet the crosscut tapped a vein of fine copper ore 60 feet wide, and from that, day the success of the company was as sured. No great fuss was made over the strike, because there was an abundance of ore in other parts of the property, but it was of sufficient importance to assure any one that the stock, then selling at a very low figure, would, in a few years, leap beyond the reach of the ordinary purse. The Mountain View mine was another early acquisition of the company. When bought it was developed to a depth of 600 feet, the work having been done by C. X. Lara.ljee, the father of Butte's public library. Two large veins traverse the claim. From the surface to a depth of over 500 feet the ore is oxidized, but below that it is the solid material. The Mountain View, is one of the best tim bered and safest mines in the w r est and is a large producer. If necessity de manded, it could be made to yield a sufficient quantity of ore to keep the smelter of the company supplied. WHITESIDE IS NOW A MINER He Is Preparing to Wash Out a Pew Nuggets Over Near Libby. Fred Whiteside, who created a sensa tion in the legislative assembly two years ago by flashing $30,000 in $1,000 bills And claiming it was mone ythat had been given him by the agents of W. A. Clark for the purchase of votes for Mr. Clark for the United States senate, is superintending work on some placer (nines over near Libby, in the north western part of the state. The property Is owned by a company of which John O'Kourke of this city is president. Of the property the last issue of the West Fisher Gazette says: "A. V. Howard was over from How ard's camp on Sunday last, his first visit here since Foundation became one of the fixed institutions of West Fisher. Mr. Howard with his brothers and sev eral other gentlemen are engaged in extensive placer mining seven miles northwest of here, on upper Libby, and et this time are concluding the work of putting in a hydraulic plant to operate the company's ground, which comprises about 1.000 acres. Fred Whiteside Is the manager. Eighteen men are employed. The old ditch of 1% miles has been ex tended a mile further down the creek to cover the lower end of the placers. The pine is now being laid and the pen stock being built, and the plant will be ready for active operations by May 15. The work is being pushed • through a 3 rapidly as possible so that they can an ticipate the high water this spring which will carry away the debris. The com penv is capitalized at $25,000, John O'Kourke, of Butte, being president." AN IMMENS E CYAN IDE PLANT. Has Been Added to the Reduction Works of the Homestake Company. The Homestake company, operating at Lead. South Dakota, has a cyanide plant having a capactiy of 1,200 tons of ore per day. It is said to be the largest In the world, but even at this it is not too large for the company. The Home atake is doing business on an immense scale. In addition to the cyanide plant It is operating about 600 stamps and paying its shareholders regular divi dends. The ore is free milling gold of low grade, but there is no limit to it. The first mill built by the company con tained 50 stamps, but that was 23 years ago. At that time the extent of the ore body was not known. A few years of development, however, showed that the ore was inexhaustible and three or four more mills of 120 stamps each were erected and have been doing duty ever since. Samuel McMasters was practically the father of the enterprise, but the wealth •f J. B. Haggin, Lloyd Tevis and Mr. Hurst was back of him. Like other large corporations the Homestake company acquired many of its claims by pur chase, and some of them were cheap. In a few instances it had trouble with the owners of adjoining claims and its paid fighters had to be called Into requi sition. In the fall of 1879 these fighters killed a man named Frankenburg while the latter was resisting their encroach ment. In the early 80's Sam McMasters died of ossification of the spine and T. J. Greer succeeded him as general mana ger. Mr. Greer is still holding the po sition and giving splendid satisfaction. Tipple and Storage Tracks of the Gebo Mine in Carbon County, tilkT Located in the little, but progressive, town of Gebo, situated In Carbon coun ty, about 35 miles from Billings, on the Bridger branch of the Northern Pacific railroad, is the property of the Clarke Fork Coal Mining company, which bids fair to be one of the most valuable coal properties in the state. The Gebo mine was discovered and located in 1895 by Thomas Smith of Joliet, and John and Richard Dunn of Red Lodge. S. W. Gebo, a practical miner of large experience, acquired the property when it was nothing (but p mere prospect. With his own limited capital he developed the prospect to a point which demonstrated that it could be made one of the greatest coal mines in the west. Then he succeeded in in teresting several Red Lodge gentlemen in BELT MAN'S VIEW Q N TAMPING. He Says It Is Not Necessary and, Besides Is Very Dan gerous. R. H. Bemis of Belt, this state, is one of the few miners who do not believe in tamping giant powder or dynamite in a hole. In regard to it he says: "In a veried experience of twenty years in Montana. I spent eight of them in working as a quartz miner, and X have always maintained that tauiping of any kind on dynamite or giant pow der was superfluous, and have proved my theory on many -occasions in work ing with partners who insist that tamp ing was necessary to obtain the full effect of the powder. As far as could be judged, the visible effect was the same in all kinds or rock, with the pow der tamped or untamped. My mining experience commenced without any prejudice in this matter, engendered by a former use of black powder, and I am inclined to think that this is the reason who so many miners of long experience still cling to the habit of tamping, It having become a habit through the use of the black pawder. While it has been my experience that not one valid reason can be advanced why dynamite should be tamped, there are many reasons why it should not. First and foremost, safety to the work man: missed holes are a common oc currence, and very little risk is en countered in going Into a missed hole that is not tamped, as it is only a sec ond's work to remove the fuse and cap and insert another. This reason alone is sufficient to command the practice to any intelligent miner. I will state that it Is my practice to Insert a rag in the mouth of the hole. In order to hold the fuse and also keep the dirt from fill ing the hole. There is also a large sav Irr of time in loading a round of holes. "I have worked In all kinds of rock. used both fuse and battery In discharg ing, and have always found that the amount of work done compared well with that of miners wedded to the tamp ing theory. My experience with explo sives has been limited to that known a£ giant powder, Nos. 1, 2, and 3, mainly No. 2. I would like very much to hear the views of other miners in this mat ter." A GREATER DEPTH REÛUI5S0. Ore Bodies In the Garnet District Which Capital Alone Can Reach. If surface Indications count for any thing and they usually do, the mining district of Garnet, located about 160 miles northwest of Butte, ought to de velop into a great producer of ore. Information comes from that section to the effect that no great depth has yet been attained on any of the claims there for the amount of capital back of the mining enterprises is not not suffi cient In size to carry to a successful the enterprise,securing an option on their holdings. Development work on a smalt scale was continued, until, in the spring of 1897, after about two years' labor on the part of Mr. Gebo, he secured the in terests of his partners and sold the mine to the Southern Montana Coal com pany, composed of. gentlemen of prac tically unlimited capital, the original owner retaining an Interest in the cor poration. It continued development work during that year, laid out the townsite, started the nucleus of a town and ex pended some. $75,000 in the enterprise. The capitalists Interested, however, were not coal miners, and did not realize what a bonanza they had. J. A. Johnson and J. C. McCarthy of Bozeman, Mont., op erators of the Chesnut mine, investi gated the Gebo mine and purchased . it early in 1898, also securing the interest of Mr. xiebo, who has since gone to some other section and taken some gold termination the work already begun. The term "surface" does not mean that no shafts have penetrated the outer crust of the earth, but signifies that while shafts have been sunk they have not been carried deep enough to demon strate the prevailing belief that large ore bodies lie below the earth's crust at that point. In one place a shaft has been sunk to a depth of over 400 feet, bue it ii' on an Incline, following the pitch of the vein, and if straightened out Its bottom would not be more than 200 feet from the surface. The bulk of the ore there is gold-bear ing, but there is some copper, one vein of the latter about a foot in width having been exposed in the workings of a property owned by Butte men. It is not being developed just now. Judging by present indications the bond of $700.003 on the Nancy Hanks, owned by Samuel Ritchie, will not be lifted. Mr. Ritchie and his bride are now enjoying an eastern trip, but will return to Montana In a short time. A NEW DREDGING MACH'Ht * V Ï It Can Be Worked Either Above Below Water—Has Been Tested. John P. Dyas of Choteau h&s perfected a novel mach' ne for use in prospecting gravel deposits. The device consists dt circular cutting disks so arranged as to J force the sand and gravel into pockets or sacks which can be raised to the* surface. The machine works well under water," will work to a depth of from 40 to 50 i feet and Is Intended for use in river beds 1 and gravel bars. The machine is so con structed as to cut its way into soft bed rock and will thoroughly scrape hard bed-rock. The capacity of the machine depends upon the power used. Two men =5V| _ j y j can do good work while one man alone can do good prospecting. Mr. Dyas has tested the machine on the beach north of Seattle and finds that it works well, and he now contemplates forming a company to prospect and work the bars along thq Missouri river. Mines in the Bitter Root Sold. The Stevensville Tribune says that L. M. Davis of Missoula and Mr. Loomis of New York visited some of the mining properties in the Bitter Root last week and were well pleased with the devel opment work on the claims In which they are interested. These claims are the Dick Bland, Dick Bland extension and the Coulee, all near the Curlew mines, which were bought by Mr. Loomis from A. M. Hightower, Vincent Burch, Chris Hightower and J. C. Burch for a New York company about two weeks ago, the purchase price being $102,000. Mr. Loomis has also bonded the Glad stone gold mine, near Philipsburg, for New York parties. mine interests. They organized the Clarke Fork Coal Mining company, vthich was incorporated September 20, 1898, with a paid-up capital of $250,000. At that time one-half the stock was held in Montana and the balance by east ern parties. Since Its incorporation sev eral changes have taken place. The cap ital stock of the company was Increased last winter to $500,000, new officers were elected and the majority of the stock passed into the hands of eastern partie.). The officers at present are J. C. Mc Carthy, president: H. H. Griffith, secre tary and treasurer. The mine is equipped with a splendil electric plant. The company is down 1.500 feet, with three working levels. The capacity of the mine is 600 tons per day, but only 200 tons are being taken out at the present time. The present work ing force numbers 100 men, but the com pany expects to increase the number to SLUICED OUT AN OLD BADGE. Relic of Ante-Bellum Plays Disturbed After a Sleep of 30 Tears. A. F. Graeter found a relic of the cam paign of 1860 in the sluice boxes of the Graeter dredge boat at Bannack a few days ago while cleaning up, and it is surely worth a place in the cabinet of curios. It is evidently made of copper and is about the size of a 25-cent silver piece. On one side is the name of Stephen Douglas, with a wreath and the date 1860. On the reverse side the name of Herschel V. Johnson appears and also the date and wreath. On either side a die had been sunk into the metal which would lead to the inference that a picture of each of the men formed a part of the b adge. It was evidently brought to Montana by one of the early day miners of Ban nack, who probably lost it while ground sluicing over thirty years ago. The badge is rusty and dull from its long burial, but the lettering is as eligible as the day it was made. Mr. Graeter is having the relic cleaned up and will wear it as a watch charm, a ut»e to which it was evidently once de \oted, as a whole is drilled through it. HOPE FELL UNDER HAMMER. Hon. H. L. Frank Bids In the Whole Works at Sheriff's Sale. The property owned by the Hope Min ing company at Basin was sold at sher iff's sale last Saturday to satisfy an in debtedness of about $46,000 held over it by Hon. H. L. Frank of this city. It v as bid in by Mr. Frank for the amount of the claim. The property consists of the Hope, Darwin, Apache Chief. Eureka, Presi dent, Fraction, Hopeful, Avalanche, Fairplay, Atlantic, Nellie, Lotta, Bel erat and Extension quai m i.a. ...s and also the Gib lode claim and mill site. About two weeks ago the machinery was also sold, bringing about $2,500. The indebtedness on the properly was incurred through the advancement ol the money by Mr. Frank some time ago. The future of the Hope is not known, but it will probably remain inactive ful some time. Supplies for the General Shatter. C. W. Sherwood, one of the owners of the General Shatter mine at the head of Alder Gulch in Madison county, was in the city yesterday after supplies for the property. The General Shatter is one of the best gold propositions in that sec tion, and it is thought that cor of the $80,000,000 sluiced from the gulch below came from its veins. The Chili Is Producing. The Milwaukee and Montana Mining company is developing the Chili mine at Sand Creek, Madison county. The 200 or 300 during the present year. The coal vein has an average thick ness of a little over six feet, and the quantity is practically inexhaustible, the vein having a pitch of seven degrees. The coal is a hard lignite, and tests of it made by steam users, for railroad purposes, smelting and domestic use have proved It entirely satisfactory. In fact it can not be beaten for domestic and steam purposes. A market is found for it in all the cities of Montana. The Gebo mine 'has never had a strike. The miners are receiving good wages, saving money, and consequently are happy and contented. The coal company believes that It') property has a bright future before it, and will consequently increase its hold ings in Gebo, arrangements now being made for supplying the town with a water system and electric lights, which are expected to be in by next fall. shaft on the property is down 300 feet, but there will be no cessation in the work until the 700 mark has been touched. Ore is being taken from the upper levels. Heretofore the product of the mine was shipped to the East Helena smelter, but as that plant is out of commission on account of a strike among the employes, it will probably be sent to the reduction plants of this city. Way Up Mine of Ibex Peak. Joseph Riley of Butte, one of the own ers of the Way ITp mine on Ibex Peak, in the West Fisher district of northwest ern Montana, was in the city a few days ago. Mr. Riley lias located two mill sites near his property, and contemplates the resumption of development work on his claim in a few days. It is his intention to connect two tunnels on the property by means of a crosscut. The mine is likely to become a good producer bl'ore long. The surface crop pings are 12 feet wide, and at the end of one of the tunnels, 160 feet into the hill, the vein is 15 fe-d and the foot wall not in sight. The ore is a sulphide and as says about $12 per ton. Ore Bodies of Connernuolis. The Rocky Mountain Husbandman of White Sulphur Springs says that never in the history of Copperopolis has there been larger bodi-s of ore in sight and never has the output been greater. There Is ore in the deep workings on th<* principal mine , the Northern Pacifie, and the Fraction is holding Its own nicely. The Husbandmen r'"n >m-, |V>-* " ----a J. H. Meyers ard M. Co'len a-e taking out another car load of ore from the mine at Murray formerly called the Cop per Bell, which they have ■e'-hristeved the Copper G'anc». The-» has ne- er been a better surface showing dis covered In the state than th's m-e. The ore body is strong and very rieh. | j j I i ! I I i : : I i i i ï I Irv tHe Old Argenta District. It Is Taking on New Life— One Mine Bonded for $ 20 , 000 . 1 Dillon, May 11.—The Argenta district I in this county is taking on new life this I spring and present indications point to one of the liveliest years the camp has experienced since the boom days in its early history. From reliable informa tion your correspondent learns that the Gold Finch and the Dolphin mines, situ ated a few miles above Argenta and owned by George W. French of Dillon and Anthony French of Argenta, have been bonded to W. H. Remington of Tacoma, Washington, for $20,000 and . that active work will be pushed on the claims this summer. W. R. Grant of the Greenwood company at Hecia and George B. Conway, also of Hecia, are interested in the deal. These mines have been worked for a number of years by the French brothers and are developed by two shafts. 70 and 60 feet deep respectively. In the deeper shaft the vein has been followed a dis tance of 50 feet each way from the shaft and it shows a continuous shoot aver aging 10 feet wide, and it is said that tha ore assays $S to the ton. Some ore is found in the mine that will pay $100 to the ton and a considerable of this has been shipped to the East Helena smel ter at one time and another. Monroe Mann, who, a few months ago relocated a claim that had been aban doned, calling it the Sunshine, after drifting two feet past (he old workings encountered a phenomenal foody of ore and Is working several men on the claim with satisfactory success. At present he has out three ear loads of ore which V, ill justify shipping. He is sorting over thc dump and will ship a ror load of the best of it as a test, and if the returns are satisfactory he will send the rest of it to the smelters. He also has considerable bigh grade ore blocked out in the mine ready for extraction. Butler and Sutherland have a ear load of ore from the Florida mine on the track in readiness for shipment. The mine is situated near Argenta and the ore is a high grade galena. It was tha Intention to ship It to the East Helena smelter, but as that institution is closed down, your correspondent has been un able to learn just what disposition will be made of the ore. The Montana Copper and Gold Co., operating the Manser mines on Stone creek, has a small force of inen at work getting the ground in readiness for ac tive work. As soon as the weather clears up to permit of freighting, a hoisting works, which is now in Butte, will be shipped to Dillon and hauled out to the company to sink a double compartment shaft to a depth of 500 feet this summer. The company is composed of Chicago men and report has it that there is ample means back of the enterprise. E. L. Hall, manager of the Montana Grasshoppor dredge boat, (formerly known as the Cope dredge), was in town from th# Grasshopper the first of tha week and paid Sheridan a visit. Mr, Hall is Interested In the placer mines on Wisconsin creek near that place. The dredge boat has started off well this season. Mr. Hail says two satisfactory clean-ups have already been made, anil everything about the boat moves as smoothly as clock work. Before opera tions were begun this season about $5,000 was expended in repairs and Improve ments. Among the improvements was the lengthening of the ladder way which permits the boat to dig ten feet deeper than formerly. Another was a change In the angle of the "A" frame which greatly facilitates the handling of the gravel. . Two other boats are running in the country, the A. F. Graeter and the J. F. Brenner. Later, as soon as the water power is available, the electric boat will resume operations. On the mine In the Big Hole basin, locally known as the "Wadams property" six men have been working all winter. The shaft now has a depth of 100 feet. In the face of the drift there is exposed a body of ore four feet wide which is said to assay 11 per cent, in copper. Mr. Wadams was in town from the mine auriiig the week and Is very much pleased at the outlook. The mine is named the Saginaw and it is under lease to Butte people, supposed, locally, to be Heinze and his accociates. For a year or more a Mr. Ballinger of Butte has been developing the proprerty anil it certainly is a good one. There is some talk of a small reduction plant being erected on the mine this year, some say ing that the machinery has already been purchased in Butte. The men who have the bond are expected to visit the min<* within the next few weeks when some thing definite will be determined. George W. Tower came down from Butte several days ago and is at tha Polaris njine, where, with Carliste Ma | son. he is attending to some matters j with the new bond which, it is reported, j Gov. Rickards and his associates have I secured on that mine, i George H. Tong of Butte filed a min ! ing deed with the clerk and recorder I this week, granting title to the Wake I Up-Jlin lode, situated In the Bryant i mining district. The consideration Is stated to be $1. The Blue Bird is the only quartz 'n : cation filed with the clerk and recorder this week. It is situated in the Bloody Dick district and was located by W. H. : Spearin. I Madison County Times: It is rumoreâ i that C. E. Damours made arrangements i while in Butte this week to lake up rho i t-'oml on the Kearsarge mine at Summit, and that a mill to treat the ores will b® (. r ooted on the property In tlie near future. Tire Hears arge was a heavy p -o. durer in the early , ' l ''s ar.-l with nV>,le-n ï machinery will ur-tmthlcdly take a pl.ee» in -he front raak of the producing mine» I of the state.