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Art Souvenir of Mrs. McKinley with this issue. ^ i fou See It in the Inter Mountain—It's So. The Butte Inter Mouj/tain o VOL. XXI. NO. 51 Probably Showers Tonight. BUTTE. MONTANA. SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 18. 1901. r»ir Tomorrow Jooler. PRICE FIVE CENTS President McKinley at the Launching of the Battleship "Ohio." Miss Barber Pressed the Button and Miss Deshler Smashed a Bottle of Call ifornia Champagne Over the Nose of Uncle Sam's Greatest Floating Fori tress, Launched Today. (Hy Associated Press.) San Francisco, May 18.—Miss Barber pressed the button. Miss Deshler smashed a bottle Of California champagne, and at 12:26 p. m. the big battleship Ohio took her first dip into the sea. Fifty thousand people cheered themselves hoarse, the big guns of the warships boomed out a salute and every steam whistle within a radius of five miles shrieked its loudest as the steel monster glided into the water. The noise lasted for nearly half an hour, and when it finally simmered down there lay the Ohio, peacefully floating in the little cove in front of the Union Iron Works. Later s.he was towed to the dock where she will be tied for a year of more until finally completed. As the vessel slid into the water stern foremost, she created a big wave that made even the biggest steamers near by bob uncomfortably up and down. As for the smaller ci aft, they fairly stood on end. Mrs. McKinley was to have pressed the button that started the Ohio down the way% but on account of her illness her niece, Miss Barber, acted in Mrs. McKinley's place. Hon. Irving M. Scott and Henry T. Scott took the presi dent and governor and their parties for a cursory inspec t'on of the more important sections of the great yards where the ocean warriors are built. Both President Mc Kinley and Governor Nash followed the explanations con cerning the works closely and with evident interest. By the hour of 12 the greater number of the nation's official repre sentatives and other guests had arrived at the stand be side the hull of the battleship. They saw lying there a great shape of steel, ready for the sea. The greater part of the superstructure of the slip wherein the Ohio was* built had been removed. The battle craft lay in her great wooden, shoe-like cradle on the slippery ways. Toward the stern the ribs of the cradle ran well up her sides, shortening toward the forward length of the ship and disappeared. Tail shores, reaching from their firm foundations in the earth to the decks of the ship, were standing close along her aides. On a table on the etand near by was an electrical instrument. The pressing of the button meant the' launching of the ship. The ceremonies were simple but significant. There was the formal exchange of acceptances upon the part of the government, and then the tide having reached its flood, the word was given. The bottle of California champagne was suspended from the bow by ribbons of red, white and blue, braided into a roDe. The hour had come. At 12:26 p. m. sharp Irving M. Scott gave Miss Barber the signal and she touched the magic electrical machine. The guillotine shot downward like a flash of lightning, severing the cord. The dogshore toppled over of its own weight and the cleverly constructed system of props caved in like a hous,e of cards. The Ohio seemed to shiver slightly, the tremor running her entire length. There was scarcely a motion perceptible, but in a twinkling she began to slide, and then—a rush, a bound, a cracking and creaking and groaning of the tim bers beneath and around her—she shot down the ways, stern foremost and took her dip into the sea. When it became generally known this morning that the president was to attend the launching of the battleship Ohio, the population of San Francisco and vicinity seemed to be moving toward the Union Iron Works. Although the time for the launching was set for 12:26 p. m. the people cotp rienced to gather about the iron works many hours before. Only a few were allowed to enter the enclosure surround ing the ways, but thousands of spectators clustered the b'.uffs overlooking the works. On the bay shore on the farther side from the ship of the cove in which the Ohio glided, stands had been erected, and these were black with people at an early hour. On the bay the scene was most animated. Every pleasure craft and steamer, sail boat and rowboat that could be pressed into service hovered around the ship, and were kept back with difficulty by the patrol of tugs. It was estimated that fully 50,000 people saw the big battleship plunge into the water. Three score of picked men, who have In their time launched some of the best of our great fighting ships, Of v hlch the Pacific coast is proud, were selected by the fecotts to do the work of preparing the enormous steel hull for its first dip into salt water. No outsider w^ allowed in the yard adjoining the ways until the appointed hour for the gates to open—11 o'clock. Work was knocked off at 10:15 for a few minutes so that the men engaged in striking away the blocks could join their fellow workmen in hearing the address of the president, who had arrived at that hour on the United States transport tug, Slocum, with the cabinet officers and specially incited guests of the army and navy. After the speech making, the launching crew returned to their posts and the rattle of mauls and splitting of timbers gave warning that the cradle was being released down to the restraining block, or shore dog. A tug boat and launch patrolled the channel in front of the ways and took final soundings* to make certain that all was clear. The launching platform had been enlarged somewhat to admit of the seating on the south side of about 200 people. On the platform there was standing room for more. In the lower yard a number of seats were put in place for guests fortunate enough to hold general admission invitations. To the east of the ways were anchored the barges of the Ohio Society, with Heating capacity for 800 persons. The big, broad hull of the Ohio looked anything but pretty, but the lines of signal flags and large national ban kers strung and set fore and aft, softened the grim outlines, and when the ship took the water a number of men on the decks waved small American flags with which they had been provided. The customary decorations prevailed on the launching stand and bunting and banners were in profusion about the adjoining ways» and on the vessels building nnd awaiting repairs at the company docks. The "Ohio" is a sister ship of the Maine, now building at the works of the William Cramp & Sons Ship and Engine Building company, and of the Missouri, building at the yard of the Newport News Ship Building and Dry-dock com eanv. The hull, which is divided like those of the most recent battleship, is built of steel and is unsheathed. It is 388 feet long on the load water line; 72 feet 2(4 inches extreme breadth, and, at the mean draft of 23 feet 6 inches, displaces 12,230 tons. The hull is protected abreaat of the boilers and engines by a side armor belt extending 3 feet 6 inches above the load water line, and four feet below it, having a thickness of 11 inches for a depth of 4 feet 6 inches tapering to 7Vi inches At the bottom of the belt; and by the casement armor six Inches thick, which extends from the Slide belt to the upper deck, and Is worked from the center of the forward to the center of the after barbette. At the ends of this casement armor diagonal armor nine inches thick extends from the sides of the vessels to the barbette armor. In the casement thus formed are placed ten of the 6-incb guns. Above this, on the upper deck, four of the 6-inch guns are placed, in the vicinity of which 6-inch armor ist worked far enough forward and aft to afford protection to the crews of these guns. Protection is afforded the vitals of the ship below the water line by a protective deck worked flat within the casement, and with slopes forward and aft of it. The deck is worked in two thicknesses of plating, the total thickness on the fiat being 2% inches, while that on the slope forward and aft is respectively three inches and four inches. Cof ferdams are built on the protective deck from the diagonal armor bulkheads to the bow and stern in the vicinity of the water line, and on the berth deck for nearly the length of the vessel. All of these cofferdams are filled with corn pith cellulose. The main battery of the ship consists of four 12-lnch breech loading rifles, placed in two balanced turrets, and sixteen 61inch rapid fire guns. The turrets are turned by electricity; and the motors / i V. S. BATTLESHIP "OHIO." Launched to-day at San Francisco. used for this purpose can revolve one of these great tur rets through 36 degrees in one minute. The armor of both the turrets and barbettes are 12 inches thick. Three of the 6-inch guns are within the casement as be fore slated, two others are on the berth deck forward in 6-:nch armored sponsons, and four are on the flipper deck. Those in the sponsons forward and two on the upper deck can fire directly ahead, and the other two on the upper deck directly astern, in addition to having a broad-side fire. 1 he secondary battery consists of six 3-inch rapid firing gur.s; eight 6-pounder rapid firing guns; six 1-pounder rapid firing guns; two Colts and two 3-inch rapid firing field guns. A new feature introduced in the offensive power of this ship is the submerged torpedo tube. While submerged tor pedo tubes are not new abroad, German warships hav ir:g been equipped with tern for a number of years, the "Ohio" and her class are the first battleships of our navy to be supplied with them; though prior to her construction many vessels of the United States navy were fitted with torpedo tubes above the water line. The "Ohio" will have two of these tubes, one on each side of the vessel, situated about 50 feet from the bow and about 10 feet 6 inches below the water line. The magazines and shell rooms of the ship can stow 240 rounds of the 12-inch ammunition; 3,200 rounds of the 6-inch ammunition; 9,600 rounds of the 6-pounder, and 4,000 rounds Of the 1-pounder. The forward magazines are located im mediately forward of the dynamo rooms, and the after ones just abaft of the engine rooms» There are two military masts fitted with the usual signal yards, tops and topmasts; two tops are built to each of these masts. The foremast is located in the usual way, over the forward conning tower; the foundation of the tower forming the lower part of the mas,t. The armor of the forward conning tower is 10 inches thick, and that of the after or signal tower is six inches thick. A steel tube 12 inches in diameter inside and seven inches in thickness extends from the forward conning tower down to the pro tected deck and protects the voice tubes and telegraphs from the commanding officer to the important stations in the vessel. The "Ohio" carries 14 boats, of which one is a 40-foot steam cutter and another a 33-foot steam cutter of the usual navy type. Over each end of the boat deck two small tippet bridges are located, on which is placed a portion of the secondary battery. The boats are handled by four cranes, all operated by steam; the engines for this pur pose being located on the working platforms of the cranes. Each crane can lift the heaviest boat that it has to handle at the rate of 40 feet per minute, and can also be revolved by its hoisting engine at the rate of a revolution in one minute. Bilge keel to reduce rolling are fitted to the vessel. Ex periments in recent years in our own and foreign navies having demonstrated the great efficiency of these keela in preventing excessive rolling. The forward bilge keels ex tend for a length of about 87 feet, while those aft have a length of about 75 feet. Hydraulic gear is u*ed in steering the vessel, and can put the l udder from hard aport to hard astarboard in twenty seconds, when the vessel is moving at full speed. The valves of the gear are connected by an electric telemotor with the conning tower beside the mechanical connection with the pilot house. The "Ohio" and her class are the first battleships of the United States navy in which water tube boilers were pro vided. Steam for the propelling machinery is supplied by Mater tube boilers of the Thornyeroft type placed in four water tight compartments. There are three smoke pipes. The two propelling engines are rights and lefts in sep arate water tight compartments, and are of the vertical in verted cylinder, direct acting, triple expansion type, hav ing four cylinders. The diameters of the cylinders are as follows: 35.6 inches H. P., 53 inches I. P. and 63 inches fop two low pressures by 48 inches stroke. The collective I. H. P. of the main engines with their air, and circulating is about 16,000 when the vessel is making a speed of eighteen knots. It should be stated here that the l 'Ohic" ranks next to the "Georgia" class of battleships in •ur navy in regard to speed. The "Georgia" and clacn which will have the greatest speed of any battleship yet authorized by congress are designed to make nineteen knots. A refrigerating room on the berth deck forward furnishes cold storage, and the ship is supplied with an ice machine of the dense air type that can produce the cooling effect of two tons of ice per day. Only such wood material as was deemed absolutely -nec essary is used in the construction of the vessel, and all of this except the armor hacking is thoroughly fireproof. The windlass, which is of the most modern pattern, is operated by steam, and can raise both the bower anchors at once. It is housed in an enclosure just forward of th e forward barbette. There are four steam winches used for hoisting and general deck purposes. The construction of the "Ohio" and her class was au thorized by congress May 4, 1898, when the Spanish war demonstrated the wisdom of a much greater increase of the navy. The keel was laid on April 22, 1899, and the con tract price of hull and machinery is $2,899,0000. Her complement is 25 officers and 511 men. The following dedicatory poem, by Mrs. Ida Eckert. Lawrence, of Ohio, was read during the ceremonies. It was roundly applauded by the great audience. Oh star of empire thou that went before The pilgrim, in the misty days, of yore, When glad, the Son of Progress left the throne, To pioneer Hesperian shores alone— We owe la thee, with every passing hour, A new world life and liberty and power. With bosom bare, and limbs of sturdy brawn, The manly youth ran thro 1 the early dawn 11 is husklned feet touched light the troubled deep. His quest, to wake a dreaming world from sleep. By sandy shores, o'er Allegheny's crest, He paused to hear the valley's purring rest. Far to the West, the flood-tides ceaseless measure Broke o'er his soul in waves of living pleasure. \ MISS HELEN DESHLER. Woo Broke the Bottle cf Wine. II. Through the wild primeval forest. Crept the youth with wondrous meaning— Blazing trees for future heroes— . Waving wands with wizard seeming. From the wigwam, came the cabin: Birds soon flew the rifle's crack; And the plying locomotive Drove the saddened red man back 'Round the camp-fire chieftains marvelled That the nature-dream was o'er; Followed they the deer and bison. Toward a friendly sun-down shore. From the ashes of the cabin, Mansions, farms and cities grand— Lowly klne, and high-bred people Sprang to bless this happy land. Snirit-of-Ohio—goddess— Puled this land of inspiration; And the sun of Progress wed her—■ Lo their children lead the nation. Proud the sire.—but discontented; Undismayed—quailed not the wrack— With his offspring, bold as Hector, Drove the frontier border back. III. Afar, where the famed Gold Gate, Swings, low at the close of the day. Bronzed Progress sits moulding a queen; War's arbiter—fresh for the fray. With furnace and smoke and fire, With tackle and block and blow. In steel, men clothe this bold desire. In a fleece of flame below. And a patient, steady trend, With bands that are horny with toil, The ranks of men file In and out To gather their harvest, of bread— With hammer and forge and (lame, With rivet and bolt and blade. They bind her ribs to her monster frame. 'Tis a giant that man hath made. Dark faces embose with the glow Of sunlight, o'er labors well done. Men's arms gather strength with each blow And the men and the ship are as one. They know that the gorges red glare Touch oft where the higher sparks lay— With cheers on the lips of the men, They'll sigh when the ship heaves away. Erect in her great wooden stall. She yearns for her kingdom, the sea; The Spirit—Ohio shall sever her chains, And bid the fair captive go free; To cut the brocade of the deep, To walk by the feel of the land. As love fondly lingers round sleep. So Faith puts her seal on her hand. PERORATION. Plunge out in thy baptismal font Oh! ship of the magical name; Ride firm o'er the wave in thy pioneer way. As men in the highway of fame— Our men in the highway of fame. " If like a proud sea-gull, thy fate, To ride on the billows away. Brave as Perry our stf.o will be there. And fight o'er the flotsam of prey— Trom lost vessels, the flotsam of prey— The guerdon that hangs round thy name And the sons of our bountiful soil. Shall smite thy proud turrets with rancorous (lame, If thou dost e'er shame her with spoil— Dost shame her with ill-gotten spoil. Pall out on the high seas of State, If foul blows the South wind or fair; With homes to protect and the nation defend, Our sons and our ship will lie there— Brave a^s Berry our ship will be there. May the lust of the nation be lost In life's tide, where the deep soundings are: Then Captain fear not, with our ensign on high. To follow the pale of his star— With cannon to follow his star. Let Mercy stride free o'er the deck. And Love from the bridge draw the sword; Then firmly thou'lt scourge, with thy thunderous Might, The foe with the help of the Lord— Wilt win with the kelp of the Lord« Mrs.McKinley Shows Much Improvement After a Restful Night—Pleasant Weather Helps to Cheer the Invalid and Lend En couragement to Those Gathered at Bedside. (By Associated Press.) San Francisco, May 18.—The news this morning that the condition of Mrs. McKinley was very much improved, came after a quiet and uneventful night. The weather was pleasant during the night, and there were none of the bad climatic conditions that made the two previous nights disagreeable to the guards and news paper reporters. The sun came up in a clear sky, promis, ing perfect weather for the ceremony of launching the battle ship Ohio. The announcement had been made last night that the president would make every effort to attend the launch ing and his final decision this morning was anxiously awaited. It is learned that the rally which marked the turning point in her illness came immediately after a treatment on Thursday which included a s,aline injection directly into tha blood. Her pulse showed quick improvement and she con tinued to improve all day yesterday. Leading physicians, Who have been informed of the course of treatment which lias been pursued, not only entertain the hope, but have confidence in the prediction, that the patient will have better health in the future than she has had for many years. Yes terday she talked to her attendants and smilingly told one of her physicians that she wanted fried chicken. She made an effort to get up, contrary lo the advice of her physicians. The patient was blessed with several hours of natural sleep early yesterday morning. Opiates were not admin istered to invite sleep, but a powerful stimulant was given to reinforce the action of tlie heart. The expressed desire for s,olid nourishment was accepted as a hopeful sign, but the doctors believe that it is not prudent to oblige her in this respect. It is yet impossible to determine when Mrs. Mc Kinley will be able to leave this city for her home, even if she continues to improve as rapidly as she appeared yester day, betöre feverish symptoms were again noted later at night. Last evening it was thought at the house that Mrs. McKinley might safely be put on an east-bound train as early as next Monday or Tuesday, but it is more than likely that the Scott residence will be the home of the president for at least ten days to come. in fact, one circumstance indicates, strongly that the president and his official family may be compelled to remain in the city for even a longer time than that. This fact is that the John Hooper residence, on the corner of Clay and Lagune streets, has been offered to the president for the use of the members of his cabinet, in order that they might lie nearer to him for the consideration of affairs of state. The proffer was considered, but no definite answer was given. This morning, when it was announced that President McKinley would attend the launching of the Ohio, the mounted guard was seen to draw up in front of the house preparatory to his departure to the Union Iron Works, and there was a feeling of great relief. The president's actions seemed to give more assurance of Mrs. McKinley's improve ment in health than any statement from the doctors could have done. When the president le ft the Scott house at 9:40 he walked briskly down the stairs to his carriage. He appeared to be in good spirits and the care-worn expression of his face, which had been noticeable for the past few days, had dis appeared. There was every temptation for the crowd Chat waited around the president's temporary residence to cheer when they saw the head of the nation come out, but for fear ci disturbing Mrs. McKinley there were no noisy demonstra tions, simply a respectful lifting of hats as the president passed by. During the president's absence at the launching, Mrs. McKinley slept quietly, and it was reported to the president that her condition is constantly improving. The president drove rapidly through the streets and was cheered enthusiastically, and in response repeatedly lifted his» hat. Arrived at the transport dock, he Inmrded the government tug Slocum, which was to carry the presi dential party and congressional delegation and other favored guests to the scene of the launching at the Union Iron Works. Besides the cabinet members and their ladies, there were on board the little vessel. Governor Nash, of Ohio, and his staff and ladies; Miss Barber, niece of Mrs. McKinley, and Miss Helen Deshler and her sister. The tug Slocum was handsomely decorated with flags and draped with national colors. As she left the transport dock the screeching of whistles, the clanging of bells and the booming of cannon made a volume of sound that could be heard for miles, and announcing to an anxiously waiting population thrft the presidential party was on Us way to the Union Iron Works, where so many vessels of warlike type have been constructed during the past fifteen years. A great fleet of craft of every ]>'c,bb!" description had preceded the president out into the blue waters of the bay. all loaded down to the water's edge with masses of hu manity anxious to do the president honor. It was a glorious sight. Flags and bunting streamed from their fastenings in tin- cool breeze, flags fluttered and streamer* of national colors trailed in the wind. Bands played popular airs and there was an incessant cheering. Added to the noise which issued from the smaller craft in the bay, was boom of cannon from the several warships anchored in the harbor. All along the water front the fleet of boats were given ovations, and returning cheers and salutes were echoed all down toe bay. The Ohio party boarded the steamer Resolute, and the steamer McDowell convey, d General Shatter and his officers of the posts and their ladies to the scene of activities. Barges without number, loaded to their utmost capacity, were towed down the bay by powerful tugs, and in and out of the process,'on steam. 1 the government tug.s Governor Markham and Governor Irvin. bearing Governor Gage and his staff and other state officers. President McKinley arrived at the Union Iron Works shortly after 10 o'clock. There he found the 3.000 employes assembled in the yard. The president was greeted with a cheet and was present.d with a gold plate in memory of the occasion. He spoke briefly to the men, thanking them for the gift and complimenting them on their skill as work men. Aft er an inspection of the works Mr. McKinley went to a stand, where he saw the laun hing. When that was over he board, d the -..ocuiu uu.c iuoig and returned to the Scott residence.