Today's Newa Today— Always.
PAN.AMER.1CAM SPECIAL EDITION.
If Tou See It in the Inter mountain—It's So.
VOL. XXI. NO. 52 Genera#] v Fair Tonight.
BUTTE. MONTANA. MONDAY EVENING, MAY 20. 1
Probably Showers Tomorrow.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
ALL MATIONS AMD PEOPLE REPRESENTED AT THE DEDICATION
OF THE GREAT UN-AMERICAN SHOV OF THE RAINBOW CITY.
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B uffalo, May 20.—Lowering clouds that threatened
rain, and a wind that blew in fitful gusts,
marked the opening hours of dedication day at
the Pan-American exposition. The holiday crowds
were astir early, and the earlier .trains brought
thousands of recruits to their ranks.
The military parade formed at the,, city hall and the
streets radiating from it, and the foreign and state com
missioners and distinguished visitors were received at the
main entrance to the municipal building.
When the parade moveu off, a squad of mounted police
cleared the way. State troops led, followed by United
States artillerymen. The Mexican contingent followed and
after them were more militiamen. Vice President Roose
velt viewed the column from a carriage at the entrance to
. the city hall driveway.
About noon the multitude began to enter on the Espla
nade about the Temple of Music, where the exercises were
held. The first of the ceremonies on the grounds was the
flight of 10,000 homing pigeons. The pigeons, suddenly re
leased from their captivity, rose in a great mass, circling
round and round through the towers of the buildings, rais
ing higher and higher until gradually as they got their bear
ings they darted away, first in pairs, then by the score, until
all had disappeared to the four points of the compass, bear
ing their, messages announcing the dedication of the ex
The troops were massed on and around the bridge of
Triumphal. At 12:20 o'clock the officials and ?,p'eclal guests
headed by Vice President Roosevelt and President Milburn
of the exposition, - marched through open rank and on
through the rope enclosure to the Temple of Music. The
r ."vsde reformed and marched on through the grounds.
After the entry of the officials an-' guests the Temple of
Music was thrown open to those holding Invitations, and
As the closing strains of the Hallelujah chorus- played
by the Seventy-first regimental band, died away, Bishop
Fowler offered a prayer. President Milburn received an ova
tion when he arose to speak and it was some time before
he could secure attention. He began by reading the day
commencing with that of President McKinley.
"San Francisco, May 20,-^Hon. William I. Buchanan, di
rector -general, Pan-American Exposition, Buftalo:
"Fellow Citizens of the United States and Fellow Ameri
cans from all our neighbor nations: I send you greetings
from the shores of the Pacific with fervent prayers for the
. benediction if heaven upon this bénéficient enterprise with
sincere congratulations to all those whose energy and de
votion have brought it to pass, and with heartfelt welcome
to our guests from our sister republics, to whom we wish
continued and abundant prosperity.
"May there be no cloud upon this grand festival of
peace and commerce, no thought of rivalry except that
generous competition In useful arts» and industries which
"I earnestly hope that this great exhibition may prove
a blessing to every country of this hemisphere, and that
even f 1 world at large may profit by the progress which
we'give proof, by the lesson of our efforts and their results.
' "I trust that it may become evident before this exhibl
PW1 PAN AMERICAN
^ FORESTRY U
tl GRAPHIC AKT./ BLOG
tlon that our vasjt and Increasing prosperity Is fruitful of
nothing but good to old elders in the brotherhood of nations,
and that our onward march may forever exemplify the
Divine will of peace on earth and good will to men."
. "william McKinley."
Telegrams of congratulations were also read from the
governor general of Canada and all the southetn countries.
There was, another cheer when Mayor Diehl was In
troduced by President Milburn. In the course of his speech
Mayo; Diehl said:
"The president and the board of directors of the ex
position have-earned ensuring fame. In eleven month they
have built this beautiful rainbow city which la the admira
tion of the world. We acknowledge the genius and ability
of the director general and proclaim him our most honored
"In our pride and rejoicing we do not forget the deep
deot of gratitude we owe' to President McKinley, who
has been the friend of the exposition from ita inception;
to congress for the splendid exhibit it has placed at
our disposal; th> governments of the three Americas, who
have their best products for our inspection; to the governors
and 'egislatures of the states of the Union, who have con
tributed so much to this display and to the distinguished
guests who have honored us with their presence here
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TEMPLE OF MUSIC
N O GREAT EXPOSITION has ever been held on this
Western Continent within easy access for such a
vast population as lives within a night's ride of
Buffalo. At the time the Centennial exposition
was held at Philadelphia, the entire population
of the United States was no more than the number which
now lives within 500 miles of Buffalo.
Taking Buffalo as a center and drawing a circle with
a radius of 500 miles, the area included would contain
the homes of more than 40,000,000 people. The same circle
drawn with Chicago as a center would reach only half that
Buffalo, the city In which the Pan-American exposition
having twenty-six railways reaching out in all directions,
and into every nook and corner of the populous territory of
the eastern states and Canada. Buffalo is also the eastern
terminal for all the principal transportation lines traversing
the great lakes. It will thus be seen that Buffalo offers to
exhibitors the prospect of a larger attendance of visitors
than any former enterprise of this character could promise.
Buffalo, the city in which the Pan-American exposition
is to be held this year, has a population of nearly 400,000.
It is one of the greatest cities of the Western Continent
and is of conspicuous Importance ■ in several particulars.
It Is one of the greatest gateways between the east and
west, being an important terminal point for twenty-six
The great grain traffic from the northwest passes
through the forty or more elevators of Buffalo, which have
a capacity of more than 21,000,000 bushels. Nearly 200,000,00C
bushels of grain are handled annually by thelake lines, ele
vators and railroad lines of the city. It Is the western ter
minal of the Erie Canal, upon which a vast traffic is handled
The summer climate of Buffalo is cool and delightful
being about 10 degrees cooler than other cities of the north
during the summer months. This is due to its situation upon
Lake Erie, which lies to the southwest of the city. Th«
street railway system of Buffalo iasvery complete, electric
lines reaching all partsi of the city and affording a means
of quick transit to and from the exposition grounds to any
point for a single fa ■> of five cents.
Buffalo has over 5 miles of smooth asphalt pavements
aud is for this reason a paradise for wheelmen. The clean
liness of Its streets) and the sanitary advantages of the
pavements give to the city a most desirable record of health.
The citizens of Buffalo are preparing to welcome the mil
lions of visitors in 1901. New and commodious hotels are
being erected and thousands of the residents are preparing
to open their houses for the accommodation of the Pan
On account of the nearness of the Pan-American ex
position to the great falls of Niagara it was early decided
to give particular attention to electricity. One of the prin
cipal buildings will therefore be devoted to electrical ex
hibits and appliances, and no effor's will be spared to make
this display the greatest ever held.
At Niagara Falls,, whose cataracts are only half an
hour's ride from the exposition grounds, are situated the
greatest power plants in the world.
The stupendous power of these cataracts is transformed
Into electrical energy by means of mammoth turbine watei
wheels and the largest dynamos ever constructed, develop
ing 5,000 horse power each. The electrical energy Is trans
mitted to Buffalo upon great copper cables, at a pressure ol
10,000 volts. The output of one of these great power units
has been contraeteu for and will be used in the electric
illuminations of the exposition at night. Besides this enor
mous power, about 4,000 horse power wifi be generated upon
the grounds and electric power will be used in all the
In no science has greater progress been made than
in electricity. It will be the aim of this division to pre
sent only the very latest productions in machinery and
appliances employing the electric force. Th*> displays ol
electrical machinery in the great building devoted exclus
ively to this department of science, taken in connection witfc
the wondeful illuminations of all the buildings and grounds
at night, and fantastic illumination of the fountains, and
floating lights upon the pools and lakéw. will be by fai
the most wonderful that the world has ever seen.
A broad stately canal completely surrounds the main
group of exposition huildings, and south of the Esplanade
are two Mirror Laxes and several lagoons, in which are
large displays of water plants of rare and beautiful
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