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DEDICATORY SPEECHES AT THE PAN-AMERfCAN EXPOSITION. Impressive Ceremonies in the Great Temple of Music at the Opening of the Buffalo Exposition-Vice Pres* ident Roosevelt's Stirring Address. Buffalo, May 20.—After the parade upon the Esplanade the invited guests gathered in the Temple of Music where the dedicatory pogramrae was carried out. John G. Milburn, president of the Pan-Omerlcan exposition, presiding. Musical numbers were rendered by the 71st regiment band, under Prof. Fanciulli, which was followed by prayer by the Rt. Rev. Henry C. H. Fowler, bishop of the M. E. church, and the welcoming'address by Hon. Conrad Diehl, mar or of Buffalo. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt then took the rostum and delivered a most stirring opening dedicatory address. Vice President Roosevelt spoke as follows: "To-day we formally open this great exposition, by the shores of the mighty inland seas of the north, where all the people of the Western Hemisphere have Joined to show what they have done in art, science and industrial inven tion, what they have been able to accomplish with their manifold resources and their infinitely varied individual and national qualities. Such an exposition, held at the open ing of this new century, inevitably suggests two trains of thought It should make us think seriously and solemnlv of our several duties to one another as citizens of the differ ent nations of this Western Hemisphere: and also of our duties each to the nation to which he personally belongs. "The century upon which we have Just entered must in evitably be one of tremendous triumph or of tremendous failure for the whole human race; because, to an infinitely greater extent than ever before humanity is knit together in all its parts, for weal or for woe. All about us there are innumerable tendencies that toil for evil. It is of course a mere truism to say that our own acts must determine which set of tendencies shall overcome the other. In order to act wisely we must first see clearly. "There is no place among us. for the mere pessimist; no man who looks at life with a vision that see all thing black or gray, can do aught healthful in moulding the destiny Of a mighty and vigorous people. But there is Just as little use for the foolish optimist who refuses to face the many and real evils that exist and who fails to see that the only way to insure the triumph of righteousness in the future is to war against all that is base, weak and unlovely in the present. "There are certain things so obvious as to seem com monplace which nevertheless must be kept constantly before us, if we are to preserve our just sense of proportion. This Twentieth century is big with the fate of the nations of mankind, because the fate of each is now interwoven with the fate of all to a degree never even approached in any previous stage of history. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx X X X "No better proof could be given than by this X X very exposition. A century ago no such exposition X X could have been thought of. The larger part of X X the territory represented here to-day by so many X X free nations was, not even mapped, and very much X X of it was unknown to the hardiest explorer. The X X influence of America upon Old World affairs was X X imponderable. Vor-- politics still meant European X X politics. X X X xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx "All that is now changed,- not merely by what has hap pened here in America, but by what has happened elsewhere. It is not necessary for us here to consider the giant changes which have come elsewhere in the globe; to treat of the rise in the south seas of the great free commonwealths of Aus tralia and New Zealand; of the way in which Japan has been rejuvenated and has advanced by leaps and bounds to a position among the leading civilized powers; of the prob lems. affecting the major portion of mankind, which call Imperiously for solution in parts of the old world. "Our present concern is not with the Old World, but with our own WesternwHemisphere. America. We meet to-day. representing the peoples of this continent from the Dominion of Canada in the north to Chile and the Argen tine in the south; representing peoples who have travelled far and fast in the past century, because in them has been practically shown that it is the spirit of adventure which is the maker of commonwealths; peoples who are learning and striving to put In practice the vital truth that freedom is the necessary first step, but only the first step, in suc cessful free government. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXX X X X "During the last century we have on the X X whole, made long strides in the right direction, X X but we have very much yet to learn. We all look X X forward to the day when there shall be a nearer X X approximation than there has ever yet been to the X X brotherhood of man, and the peace of the world. X X More and more we are learning that to love one's X X country above all others is in no way incom- X X patible with respecting and wishing well to all X X others, and that, as between man and man, so X X between nation and nation, there should live the X X great law of right. These are the goals towards X X which we strive; and let us at least earnestly X X endeavor to realize them here on this continent. X * X hXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX* XXXXXXXXX "From Hudson's bay to the Straits of Magellan, we, the men of the two Americas, have been conquering the wild erness, carving it into state and province, and seeking to build up in state and province government which shall combine industrial prosperity and moral well being. Let us ever most vividly remember the falsity of the belief that any one of us is to be permanently benefited by the hurt of another. Let us strive to have our public men treat as axiomatic the truth that it is for the interest of every commonwealth in the Western Hemisphere to see every other commonwealth grow in riches and in happiness, in material wealth and in sober, strong self-respecting man liness without which material wealth avails so little. "To-day on behaif of the United States, I welcome you here; you, our brothers of the north, and, you, our brothers of the south; we wish you well; we wish you all prosperity, and we say to you that we earnestly hope for your, well being, not only for your own sakes, but also for our own; for it is a benefit to each of us to have the others do well. The relations between us now are those of cordial friendship, and it is, to the interest of all alike that this friendship should ever remain unbroken. Nor is there the least chance of its being broken provided only that all of us alike act with full recognition of the vital need that each should realize that his own true interests can best be served by serving the interests of others. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X "You, men of Canada, are doing substantially X X the same work that we of this republic are doing, X X and face substantially the same problems that we X X also face. Your's is the world of the merchant, X X the manufacturer and mechanic, the farmer, the X X' ranchman, and the miner; you are subduing the X X prairie and the forest, tilling farm land, building X X cities, striving to raise ever higher the standard X X of right, to bring ever nearer the day when true X X justice shall obtain between man and man; and X X we wish Godspeed, to you and your's k and may X X the kindliest ties of good will always exist be- X X tween us. X * X XlXXXXXXXXSSXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX "To you of the republics south of us, I wish to say a special word. I believe with all my heart in the Monroe doctrine. This doctrine is not to bè Invoked for the ag grandizement of any one of us here on this continent at the expense of any one else on this continent. It should lie regarded simply as a great international Pan-American policy, vital to the interests of all of tts. • ''The United States has, and ought to have, and must ever have, only the desire to see her sister republics in the Western hemisphere continue to flourish, and the determi nation that no one world power shall acquire new territory here on tnis Western Continent. We of the two Americas mvat be left to work out our own salvation, along our own line; and If we are wise we will make It understood as a «or dinal feature of our joint foreign policy, that on the one hand we will not submit to territorial aggrandisement on this continent by any Old World power; and that on the other hand among ourselves each -nation must scrupulously regard the rights and interests of the others, so that Instead of any one of us committing the criminal folly of trying to rise at the expense of our neighbors, we shall all strive upward in honest and manly brotherhood, shoulder to shoulder. "A word now especially to my own fellow countrymen. ^ > I think that we have all of us reason to be satisfied sitk. ■ the showing made, in this exposition as in the other umu, . expositions of the past, of the results of the enterprise« shrewd daring, the business energy and capacity, and I wff ', artistic, aud above all the wonderful mechanical, skill and inventiveness of our people. - "In all of this we have legitimate cause to feel a noble pride, and a still nobler pride in the showing made of wWat we have done in such matters as our system of widespread popular education, and in the field of philanthropy—especial ly in that best kind of philanthropy which teaches each man to help lift both himself and his neighbor by joining with that neighbor hand in hand in a common effort for the common good. "But we should:err greatly, we should err in the most fatal of ways, by wilful blindness to whatever is not pleas ant, If while justly proud of our achievements we failed to realize that we have plenty of shortcomings to remedy, that there are terrible problems before us, which we must work out aright, under the gravest national penalties if we fail. It cannot be too often repeated that there is no patent device for securing good government; that, after all is said and done, after we have given full credit to every scheme for increasing our material prosperity, to every effort of the lawmaker to provide a çy-lem under which each man shall be best secured in his own rights, it yet remains true that the great factor In working out the success of this giant republic of the Western Continent must the p issessdon of those qualities of essential virtue and essential manli ness which have built up every great and mighty people of the past, and the lack of which always has brought, and always' will bring, the proudest of nations crashing I down to ruin. "Here in this exposition, on the stadium and in the j pylons of the bridge, you have written certain sentences to i which we must all subscribe, and to which we must live j up if we are in any way or measure to do our duty, 'who [ shuns the dust and sweat of the contest, on his brow falls j not the cool shade of the olive,' and 'A free state exists only in the virtue of the citizen.' We all accept these state- i ments in theory; but if we do not live up to them in prac tice then there is no health in us. Take the two together I always* In our eager restless life of effort, but little can be done by that cloistered virtue of which Milton spoke with such fine contempt. " ~ - "We need the rough, strong qualities that make a man , fit to play his part well among men. Yet w-e need tog«- j member even more that no ability, no strength and **4 no power of intellect or power of wealth, shall avail u& Jr I we have not the root of right living In us; if we do not I more than a mere Up royalty to the old. old commonplace virtues, which stand at the foundation of all social and political well being. ji'v » "There are certain truths which are so commonplace as to be axiomatic; and yet so important that we cart&çrî keep them too vividly before our minds. The true ml* fare of the nation is indissolubly bound with the welfare of the farmer and the wage-worker; of the man who tills ,the isol, and of the mechanic, the handicraftsman, the labour. If we can insure the prosperity of these two classes^Pwe need not trouble ourselves about the prosperity of ^he rest, for that will follow as a matter of course. 9 "On the other hand, it is equally true that the prosperity of any of us can be«t be attained by measures that will promote the prosperity of all. The poorest. rast to upon which an American can act is the motto of 'some men down,' and the safest to follow is that of 'all men up.; "X ** xxxxxxxxx*xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx X X X "A good deal can and ought to be done by X X law for instance, the state, and, if necessary, the X X nation^, should by law assume ample power of X X supervising and regulating the acts of any cor- • X X poration (which can be but its creature), and gen- X X erally of those Immense business enterprises X X which exist only because of the safety and pro- X X tection to property guaranteed by our system of X X government. Yet it is equally true that, while , X X this power should exist, it should be u«ed spar- X X ingly and with self-restraint. X X X x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx XXXXXXXXX "Modern industrial competition is very keen between nation and nation, and now that our country is striding forward wi-th the pace of a giant to take the leading post-' tion in the international Industrial world, we should bewarb how we fetter our limbs, how we cramp our titan strength. ' While striving to prevent industrial lnjusitlce at home, we must not bring upon ourselves industrial weakness abroad: "This is a tas.k for which we need the finest abilities the statesman, the student, the patriot and the far-seeing lover of mankind. It Pi a task in which we shall fail wltli absolute certainty if we approach it after having sär- " rendered ourselves to the guidance of the demagogue ol* ' ! the doctrinaire, of the well meaning man who thinks feebly,' ' or Of the cunning self-seeker who endeavors to rise by com*-' 111 mitting that worst of crimes against our people—the crifne '' of inflaming brother against brother, one American agaifisC •> his fellow Americans. My fellow countrymen, bad laws jfte 1 evil things; good laws are necessary; and a clean, fearless, ; commonsense administration of the laws is even more neb- 1 essary; but what we need most of all is, to look to oUr own selves to see that our consciences as individuals, thalt 1 1 our collective national conscience, may be instant to spond to every appeal for high action and lofty and generous endeavor. •'Tljere must and shall be no falling off in the national traits of hardihood and manliness; and we must keep ever ! bright the love of justice, the spirit of strong brotherly friendship for one's fellows, which we hope and believe will hereafter stand as typical of the men who make up this —the -tfeightie?,t republic upon which the sun has ever shone.*);. Th« poem written by Frederic Almy for the occasion was then read and was greeted by tremendous applause. Ths poem follows: Pax. 1901. A king is* crowned on this May day With pomp beyond the dreams of kings; From pole to pole extends his sway, And half a world it's tribute brings. Two continents of freedom bend Before his throne a willing knee, , And Gods and Titans condescend « , To serve the Lord that is to be. i The bolts of Jove are In his hand, Niagara yields, the seas obey; Not Xanadu or Samarcand Can match his palace of a day. With throbbing flags instead of drum, With flashing streams instead of sword, King Toil, the king of kings, has come; Of all mankind the hope and Lord. And Beauty comes, as queen of Toll, To share hi« rainbow jubilee; Art tempering use, as a sweet foil,— A bow of hope across our sea. Toll's Barons twain of Brawn and Brain Their countless triumphs here display, For Brawn has wrought what Brain has thought, And both are passing proud to-day. Three great nativities emboss Peace on the young king's diadem— The Northern Star, the Southern Cross, And the white star of Bethlehem. Though head and hand still vex the land With civil strife for share of spoil. The fettering past shall break at last. And peace on earth shall dwell with toll. ice [ : I Culture and wealth shall foarn to hold Their gifts In trust tor other's Joy; > ■ . - - , j » ** Love shall wash Ishmael's feet, and gold Shall purge It's hard and bass alloy. Here In Toil's temple, opal-hued, Biasing with gold and amethyst, It's brief, eternal pulchritude By fountains laved, by lire kissed. We pledge the century which shall close A great millennium's splendid page. And lead Man, conqueror o'er old foe«, To the new tasks of a new age. (Note Pax, 1901, Is the motto of the Pan-American fiag.) Following Mr. Almy's poem, the Hon. Timothy L. Woodruff, -lieutenant governor of New York, mounted the platform and delivered an able address as the official repre sentative of the Empire State. He said: "Mr. Chairman, Ladles and Gentlemen.—As the official representative of the Empire State on this occasion, It is a privilege I deeply appreciate to welcome, as participants in this great Pan-American exposition, the people of all the states of the three America, united in the common purpose of promoting commerce, each with the others, through the medium of this exhibition of their natural resources. "To-day the three Americas, for the second time in a decade, are gathered together; the first time in Washington under the guidance of one high in the Pantheon of Ameri can statesmen, the champion of recipirocity among the re public of the Western Hemisphere; now again in this city of Buffalo, where the purposes of the Pan-American congress of '89 find visible and valuable expression in an exposition among the greatest in the world's history. "In the period, brief as it seems when viewed in the light of the march of centuries, since Columbus crossed the sea and unfurled to the fragrant breezes of the Antilles* the banner of Spain, what a destiny has here been wrought in the cause of civilization and the contest for human rights; what advancement in all the arts, sciences and handicrafts, in the creation of a real brotherhood of man, symbolized in this magnificent exposition—a triumph of the industries of All America! "Four hundred years ago, if we except the comparative civilization of the Aztecs, primitive savagery prevailed throughout this great hemisphere; to-day its population ex ceeds that of England, France and Germany combined. During the past hundred years the population of the United States has increased fifteen fold, while that of England, France and Germany has only doubled. Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx x x X "In the last ten years our visible material X X wealth has Increased more than all the people of X X the continent which Columbus discovered had X X saved from the time of that discovery down to the X X middle of the Nineteenth century. X X X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX xxxxxxxxx "This increase of ten years is more than one-third of the entire wealth of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. In thirty years we have paid two billions of dollars on account of our national debt, so that to-day our national and local debts combined are but little in excess of twQ billions of dollars, while that of Great Britain is four and a half billions, and that of France nine billions of dollars. Everywhere except here taxes are I icing increased and new ones levied and with national obligagations, even British consols below par, new loans are being increased and new and America, where taxes are being reduced and national bonds are selling at a high premium, must give a helping hand. The United States alone has more miles of railroad to-day than all the nations of Europe together, and the amount Of freight hauled here dally is geater than the aggregate of all the rest of the world. No vivid imagination is needed to see in the future an inter-continental trunk line connecting the three Americas, at the isthmus spanning the artificial waterway that will ' uftite the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and bring the three zones'of ^the New World into clos« commercial contact. No need to dream of bridging Behring Straits to connect the Old World with the new; rather, as this Pan-American ex position points the way, bind with bands of iron the con tinents of the new. "We of the northern continent have not had sufficient intercourse or even acquaintance with the people to the south, but the day is not far distant when railroads, the shuttles which now weave the fabrics of our national looms, will interlace Amerlban Interests from Alaska to Pata gonia. "When the wealth of the Western Hemisphere consisted almost exclusively of the products of the soil, It was, natural that we should exchange our commodities with the manu facturing markets across the Atlantic; but now that the United States has become the greatest manufacturing na tion of the world, and will soon require all that her fields can yield for the support of her tolling millions, we must took to the teeming sister American republics of Central and South America for food and raw material, and they will gladly take in exchange from us, -the products of our mills. XXXXXXXXX ^XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X "International identity of Interests demands X X inter-communication. Trade is the life-blood of X X nations—canals and railroads the arteries through X X which it courses. X X x xxxxxxxxx«xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx 'At the time of the Pan-American conference a decade ago the importations of the nations of South America were six hundred millions of dollars, of which «he United States conti ibuted only one-twelfth. This proportion has been but little increased since then. We raise cotton and send it to England, where it is manufactured and shipped back across the Atlantic to clothe the people of Central and South America. "And yet England is only a workshop, Incapable of rais ing more than a small proportion of the food necessary to sustain her people and producing but little of the raw ma terial that enters into the manufacture of her products. XXXXXXXXXSiXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X SS X "Her supreme postion in manufactures, from X X which she has just been forced to retire in favor X X of the United States, was an unnatural one, and X X she can never again hope to compete successfully X X with the United Stater, even in the markets of X X Europe and the Orient. X X X XXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX "Why, then, should she be permitted, because of our failure to establish proper railroad and steamship com munications between North and South America, to absorb the largest part of the trade of our sister American re uublics? "As the kingdoms and empires of Central and South America fade into the shadow« of the past and the islands of the Antilles pass from mediaeval despotism and become amenable to the laws of Twentieth century civilization, so does the economy of modern production tend toward the demolition of protecMve tariff barriers. As we are demon strating by our increasing exports and decreasing imports that the day Is not far distant when we will be able to produce successfully all the commodities needed by our peo ple without protective tariff duties, how startling to see free trade England drifting toward a protective tariff and already resorting to the ultimately ruinous policy of an Imposition of import duties! "We live In a land In which the sparkle of a Jeweled crown and the glitter of a golden sceptre are not needed to stir our national pride. We have enjoyed all the privileges of this free republic for a century and a quarter, with only one crisis menactng Its stability. During that time France has changed ten times from a republican to a monarchlal or from a monarchlal to a republican form of govern ment. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X ? X "The nations of the Old World recognise the X X stability of our government. They see now the X X great destiny unfolding before this young nation. X X Continental Europe, until startled by the rapid X X and splendid success of our army and navy in X X the war with Spain, had forgotten that the United £ X SUtes of America Is the only nation that ever X X crossed swords with England, whose costly war in X X South Africa drags on, while we have sucoe«sfully X X brought the Insurrection In the Philippines to an X X end. * X -vt I 5$ xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Hon. Thimothy L. Woodruffs Tribute Was the Most Glowing Oration of the Day-Appropriate Verse By Frederic Almy. 'We are at peace with all the world; not a cloud casts Its shadow on the pathway of American progress and de velopment. The world acknowledges the magnitude of our resources, the richness of our mines, the fertility of our soils, and, bowing to the superior «kill of our inventors, manufacturers and merchants, admits It feels, as never before, the power of American genius. "The creating for mankind of a government where all men are endowed with equal rights; equal opportunities and equal privileges became an ensample for all other people upon this Western Continent. "As we drove English rule from these United States, so did each of the American republics in turn expel the Kingdom of Spain from her borders, until it devolved upon the United States of America to drive -her forever from her last foothold on the hemisphere she discovered and doubtless would have dominated to this day had not the Dutch burghers of New Amsterdam, the Pilgrim Fathers of New England, the proud cavaliers of old Virginia, the Catholics under Lord Baltimore, and the liberty-loving Spanish-Amer icans of Central and South America interposed against her oppressive and retrogressive methods of government the highest order of industry, the loftiest degree of principle and the greatest measure of moral courage. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 5 * X "Great railroad systems, which connect the X X east and west, passing through this teeming city, X X fed by branches from the north and south and X X by the great inland seas, have added vastly to the X X city's commercial greatness. x X $ XXX-XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXSSXXXXXXX "A common destiny binds together the continents of the Western Hemisphere, possessed of all that goes to make up material wealth—rich soil, abundant crops, minerals for the arts and for the common uses of mankind. "This spot may be said to have been the center of the movement of the nations of the earth In their endeavor to control the new continent. At this very point the English. French and Dutch governments came in conflict, and It was from this place that the French voyagers led the en croachments upon the western possessions of Spain. The site of Buffalo, even In the days when the red man pursued his way through the ancient solitudes in pursuit of prey or to avenge the insult of a neighboring tribe, was on the line of travel by water courses traversed In a birch bark canoe, routes which the white man was quick to discover and adopt. "The corner stone of Buffalo's commercial supremacy may be said to have been laid on that day in 1679 wher the Cavalier de La Salle, in the presence of a few French men and Indians, standing upon the edge of the primeval forest skirting the banks of the Niagara river, launched the Griffin, the first vessel that plowed the water« of Lake Erie, bearing that intrepid voyager who gave to Louis XIV ar empire when, at the end of his Journey at the mouth of the Mississippi, he planted the banner of France, and In the, name of his sovereign claimed the land from the wooded ridges of the Alleghantes to the' crest of the Rocky Moun tains, and from the sources of the Father of Rivers to the Gulf of Mexico. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X "The acquisition of thl« empire became, under X X the wise rule of Thomas Jefferson, the first step X X in the direction of expansion on the part of the X X American Republic, a vast territory which to-day X X pours a large portion of Its wealth of agriculture X X and manufactures into this City of the Lakes. X X X XXXXXXXXXSXXXXXXXXXXXX-XXXXXXXX "The real foundations, however, were not laid until after French, English and Dutch rule In the Empire State had become a matter of "history and had been succeeded throughout the land by a Republic the greatest the world has ever known. Her position, at the foot of Lake Erie, through which have poured the material resources of the great northwest as they have been developed, made Buffalo from her earliest days a place of the greatest commercial importance, and upon the completion of the Erie Canal she leaped in a single day to a position only second to the great metropolis itself. "It Is, therefore, appropriate that In this city, represen tative of commercial prosperity and development, should bo gathered the productions of Pan-America, evidence of the march of progress in this land of to-day as compared with Europe, the land of yesterday. "Nowhere else in America could be found a more fitting place for this exposition than this, the Queen City of the Lakes, the second city of our commonwealth, a state which nature. In her most generous mood, fashioned to be the Empire State. Here upon the west she set two great Inland seas and bound them rough-wrought together with the rapids of Niagara, a symbol of our national majesty and power. Since the day when Father Hennepin, the first white man who ever stood upon the edge of the cataract, was dumbfounded by the rush and roar of falling waters, Ni agara Falls has been viewed as the greatest natural wonder of the world. To-day, in chains, it is recognized as the greatest scientific wonder of the world. "Only a few year« ago we were startled by the an nouncement that the power of Niagara Falls was to be transmitted to the city of Buffalo, and almost before the sensation caused by the thought of such a possibility had • abated, Niagara was harnessed by the hand of man and her tremendous energy Infused into the arteries of this city twenty miles away, operating manufactories and rail roads. lighting and beating home«. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX xxxxxxxxx X * X "To-day It galvanizes into life and animation X X this great exposition, exerting a power equal to X X the combined energy of a million men, endowing X X it with a splendor that enchknts the beholder X X as he gazes upon its marvelous beauties even after X X the setting of the sun, « X * XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX "According to a legend of Grecian mythology, the shout of Pan, the God of all nature, resounding through his forest haunts,- was sio dreaded by travelers to whom he sometimes appeared, that It Caused what the Greeks called "panic." To-day the sound of industry, reverberating throughout the length and breadth of Pan-America, creates a similar dread among the nations across the sea. To the people of the Old World It must seem as if another mythological Greekj character, the all-gifted, divinely beautiful Pandora, it queen of the New World, opening for them a veritable Pandora's box of commercial ills, a« this industrial ex position points out the possibilities, of an inter-America* trade ,and, like the stone cast into placid waters, creates ever widening circles, until at last we shall establish such unity of Interests and commercial prosperity throughout the three Americas as never before existed between nations Eince the world began." The buildings have been arranged around a system ol courts comprising a total area of 33 acres. These epurts are in the form of an Inverted letter T. the perpendicular lying north and south, and the horizontal east and west. These court 3 are known a« the Plaza, Court of Fountains, Espla nade. Court of Cypresses and Court of Lilies. The area is much larger than at any former, exposition, giving far greater opportunity for decorative effects. Never before has so much attention been given to the exterior decoration of exposition buildings. The score or more of great structures which shelter the exhibit« of the Pan-American exposition nre decorated In har monious tints, giving a perfect setting for the wonderful dis play of water effects, garden and floral features which 'have such an intimate association \**Ui them.