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ifTER MOUN FAIN PUBLISHINO CO. Address all mail to Inter Mountain Publishing company. M. A. BERGER. Manager. 21 West Granite Street. Butte. Mont. Official Paper of Silver Dow County and City of Butte. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Per year, by mail, in advance...... 7.50 By carrier, per month.............. .7 FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1902. MINING PROGRESS. Cumming up the progress of mining and metallurgical industries for the past year, the current number of the Engi neering and Mining Journal says the total production considerably exceeded the production of last year, and the future was never brighter. The total production of coal is given as 300,000,000 tons. This is considerably in exciss of the amount hoisted from the mines of Great Britain and far 'beyond that mined in any other country. Nearly the entire amount of the coal production was used at home. The iron trade and the demand for coal advanced together, the former creating a demand for the latter, and developing It to an extent which a fev, years ago would have been regarded a' impossible. In every line of the mining industry, with the single exception of copper, the production was enormoit, passing the remirkably high mark re corded by the review of a year ago. In concluwlon, the reviewer says: "Summing tip the history of the year, we may say briefly that the total pro duction of the min!ng and metallurgical industries of the United States consid erably exceeded the enormous total re corded in 1'UU, while there Is every pros pect that a still further advance will be made in 1902." This is a cheering view indeed. Th outlook for the vrtiots branches of ml' ing is so bright that the clouds which hang above the copper situation cannot linger long. PRLSID[Nr PALMA. Cuba's new president has been a ree! dent of Central Valley, New York, for seventeen years. ills business connec tions are all distinctively American. Hii family has been raised in the United States, and he will take to the executive position at the head of the Cuban gov ernment ideas and methods learned in this country, and of immense value to the island republic. He seems to fully realize the favt that the United States must furnish Cuba with a market. Pres ident toosevelt spoke as much from a humanitarian as from a comnmerciti point of view when in his message he pointed out the necessity of giving Cuban products liberal treatment in the tariff schedules. Without an American mar ket, Cuba will not be able to make in dustrial progress. Her government will be embarrassed at the outset, and the country's future subject to dangers through which it cannot pass without a struggle as great as that which was made for its independence. President Palma seems to realize the situation fully. In a recent interview outlining his plans for Cuba he said: "The principal object of the ('uban republic should be, first of all, to secure the most friendly relations with the American people. At the same time we should try to secure from the Washing ton government all the advantages pos1 slble for our products by reasonable re ductions of the import duties, especially on sugar and tobacco, as this is the only way for Cuiba to escape the absolute ruin of these two industries, which are the only basis of Cuba's actual wealth. Without this benefit, the Cuban peopll will find themselves In great distr.'s and subject to disturbances from laek of employment. In a starving condition they cannot enjoy their independence. I am convinced that the people of the United States know that it is to their interest that Cuba be prosperous, orderly and peaceful, and for that reason 1 ant sure that a majority of Americans will favor a commercial treaty between the countries advantageous to (both." Messrs. Rathbone and Neely, charged with frauds in the postal service, are being prosecuted with a vigor that attests a determination to mete out a punishment suited to the offense. Demo cratic newspapers preserve a silence about the case which is as painful to them as the criticism they formerly in dulged in was to the Dublfe. Yesterday's proceedings in the senate were principally devoted to exonerating the officers mentioned in connection with the Manila "hemp scandal." The cont mittee on military affairs made short work of the alleged sensation. Yesterday was a record-breaking time for railway wrecks. Never in the his torty of the country have accidents on railroads occurred with such alarming frequency on with such disastrous re suits. The emperor of China ia said to be merely a figure-head and cuts a mighty poor figure at the job. What China sagede more than anything else is a few Irst-clase funerals In It. royal family, 8Tata SW STATE MILTIA. Among the measures which will be presented to congress at an early date Is a bill amending the general laws. giving the president authority over state militia. The claim that the militia is strictly a state institution under com mand of the governor is not supported by the constitution, which says that congress shall have power "to provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insur rection and repel invasions." Congress conferred suitable authority Upon the president in conformity with this pro vision, but the section is said to be am Liguous and has never been regarded as valuable for the purpose for which it was framed. The act was adopted as long ago as 1795 and is as follows: "Whenever the United States are In vaded, or are in imminent danger of in vasion from any foreign nation or In dian tribe, or of rebellion against the authority of the government of the United states, it shall be lawful for the president to call forth such number of the militia of the state or states most convenient to the place or scene of action as he may deem necessary to repel such invasion or to suppress such rebellion. and to issue his orders for\that pur pose to such oflicer or officers of the military as he may think proper." The movement to amend this act will not take definite shape until after the conference of the national guard at Washington. When this meeting con venes the temper of the representatives of the organizations of each state re- e garding the proposed measure will be learned. It is generally believed that those who will attend the conference to be held Noon will not favor conferring additional powers upon the president. The war department strongly favors making the mnllitia of each state part of the national establishment and a settle Meni of the matter will be effected le. fore the present session adjourns. No small amount of interest will be attracted to the discusilon of the matter and the result will be awaited with Interest. It is plainly of importance that the relations of the stale militia to the federal au thlrity be clearly defined. SENSIBLE ARBITRATION. RSntble methods of arbitration are being adopted in Eastern manuftcturing concerns. I(e'ently a company having 500 employes entered into an agreement to submit to arbitration all matters aris ing between workingmen and the firm. Ilion a former occasion an attempt to I arbitrate the differences between the men and the company fell through. To provide against a similar result, a for- t felt was put up by each of the parties. t Whoever, under the new arrangement, disregards the terms under which arbI tration is being conducted, forfeits $10, 000. A cash deposit of this amount puts the arbitration agreement on a solid financial basis from the beginning, and gives perfect security to all parties con coned. This form of arbitration has every appearance of being useful for practial purposes. Mere theorizing, hav ing arbitration for a basis, is not of value. It is the arbitration that aril trates which id of use, and if the expert ment tried by the men and company that start on a cash basis is not successful, arbitration may be said to be a delusion No time should be lost in tracing out the cause of repeated railroad accidents. If the negligence of employes contributes to the horrible wrecks which shock the country almost daily it is safe to say the men are overworked and their labors should be lightened. The fair record of railroad men gives no hint that they will, even to sauve themselves, place the lives of passengers in peril. Back of the tern bly frequent disasters there must be a cause and in the Interests of public safety it should be ferreted out and the ,remedy applied. Members of congress are trying to play politics with the Isthmian canal bill. There is danger that the irrigation bill will run against a snag of the same sort. The bane of official life is the politician who is continually playing to the gal leries and taking a mean satisfaction in injuring the whole country to spite a rival party. - The resumption of work in the mines of the Anaconda company brought joy to thousands of homes in Butte. The lpayrolls are the lifeblood of the city, and when this means of existence is di minished the change for the worse in every calling is immediate and radical. It is charged that drunkenness is re Sponsiile for the wreck of the steamer Walla Walla. The sailing vessel Max - had the right of way by all rules of the sea, and only gross negligence could have caused the frightful disaster to the - steamer. The CIret Indians are again becoming a topic for discussion. This tribe is so despised that its members are hunted from post to pillar and denied a home in every section of the country in which they have lived. t The passage of the Nicaragua canal bill in the house yesterday by a vote of C 308 to 2 is evidence that congress has i" started in to break the record for hard n work. g - Perry Belmont has felt the sensation of a politician who has been temporarily in the frying-pan and finally landed in e the fire. Y a The county and city authorities are v giving an example of democratic har mony that is beautiful to see. CAUS S ALARM [MilW" u Sentinel.] . Yesterday's English dispatches re resent our British cousins as bein sa tremely anxious over what they imgine to be the looming danger of a Ii between the United States and G(r y over the Venesuelan matter. So f can be gathered from these dispat the average Englishman's conceptio f the Monroe doctrine is that its ept is to oblige us to "hold a prote wing" over a parcel of unstable, qs.+ relsome and debt-repudiating go ra ments, and "to support them eve 41, their denial of their righteous oba tions." It is difficult to see how, in ew of the ampltb expositions of the h roe doctrine that have appeared iztris sponsible British papers of late, ant b the explicit statements in Presift Roosevelt's message, the preposte notions above indicated. can now be Id even by the "man in the street." Ut at all events, the "average Britof Is represented by the corespondent quoted as clinging in spite of rhyme and reason and common sense to the view that Anjerica and Germany are now virtually at swords' points, and that a naval col lision is imminent, owing to our refusal to let Germany collect a just debt. German advices offer a refreshing contrast to the above resolutely pessl mistic view of the Venesuelan situation, and point to the fact that the real ef fect of the episode which is causing such tremors in England has been thus far to promote relations of the friendliest sort between the American and German governments. In Berlin it is generally recognized that Germany courteous and explicit representations to the United States are really tantamount to a formal acceptance of the Monroe doc trine, and it is difficult to see mow they can be otherwise construed. The Tage hiatt says that "the phrase 'America for Americans' is an irreversible fact." It Is understood that a distinguished civilian, accompanied by an offices of the army and navy, will be appoint4 to attend the coronation ceremonies' of Edward Vii. Here is another fruaful source of contention in official circl . Whatever tends to discredit Mon Tha mines Is harmful to every resident of the state. The real friends of Mon nn are those who build up its industries nd spatk in terms of praise of every enter pris' that gives labor employment. Butte police are keeping a sharp l k out for thugs who were bred in the dtm ocratic city of Denver and are being driven out by the local vigilance com mittee. The hospitality of the city jail will be extended to all who come. The bank clearings of the United Sfdtes during the past year were 38 per cent greater than the figures of a.*year ago. By this barometer of the business world it is seen that there Ia not a sign oft a storm in the financial sky. Imports made a slight gain over the 'ecord of last year. The prosperity that ans prevailed throughout the country has supplied abundant funds for the pur 'hase of home products and those ;hipped from abroad. A new system of coaling warships has )een adopted by the navy. The principal features of the Schley inquiry will soon )e ancient history if the march of im provement continues. Denver police must hereafter obey heir superiors. No such slavish regu ation binds the men of the Butte force. But there's a difference between (nen nd officers. Iowa physicians have formed a "trust." Strangely enough, the trust takes the form of an organization requiring q uh for services rendered. If Montana weather for the first 'ieek in January is a fair sample of the year's output there will be no discount on cli mate for 1902. Another Siamese Possibility. [Washington Evening Times.] After the king of Siam has inspected the United States, he may signify a desire to be annexed. Safely Anchored. [Chicago Tribune.] The inhabitants of the Danish West lndles ought to he informed that Unole Sam has no intention of moving the isl ands from their present geographical lo cation. One Objection. I Baltimore American.] "The worst feature of this submarine navy business," said Jhe Chronic Ob jector, "is that it will be sure to lead to a revival of the tank drama after our next war." Frost is on the Lager. [Chicago Inter Oceon.] Milwaukee's greatest fear is that the good time up there may become too good, and yet this is not exactly the season of the year when the demamfd for the product that made Milwaukee famous is at its height. Looking Ahead. [Louisville Courier-Journal.1 A Chicago judge has decided that # is enough to get married on. This - cision will hardly command universal aes se',t. There are many who believe th t no couple should marry who have not enough to pay for a divorce. The Old Democratic Wail. i [Indianapolis Journal.] With the approach of the 8th of Jan. uary the ghost of Andrew Jackson begsi t to walk and the voice of the speaker w]ll soon be abroad in the land lameuiting the growth of Imperialism since the days -t the peace-loving Tenneeseean. In fine, the astute kaiser, in leasing the way in formally recognising the Monroe doctrine as a part of public law, has stolen a march on England, and it is fair to surmise that "the pessimistic popular view" of the Venesuelan mat ter described in the London dispatch, is really the reflection of English chagrin over the unexpected approachment be tween Washington and Berlin. The En glish press has been warning us for some time past of Germany's intention to dise ,pute the Monroe doctrine, vi et armis, at the first fit opportunity. A case has arisen in Venezuela of almost p.'ecisely the sort described as certain to bring about that contingency, but the unex 'bected and the unpredicted has hap pened. Germany has recognised the Monroe doctrine in the most pointed ,way, and the probability is that the Venezuelan claim will be settled to her satisfactipn, and in a manner unobjec tionable to us. Stomach-Achers. (Buftalo Express.] Railroad men in Point Pleasant, N. J., had a mince ple on Christmas which was four feet across. Think of the area of the resulting stomach-achei Needs It in Her Business. [Detroit Free Press.] Judging from the reports of financial depression at home and In her colonies, Germany needs the money that she is demanding from Venezuela. Hard to Melt. [Kansas City Star.] In Frankfort, Germany, a new process has been invented for hardening steel. But what is needed much more is a process for softening the steel magnates. PE*RSONAL, Prince Charles of Denmark, who is first lieutenant in the Danish navy, has re signed from active service with the rank of captain. It is reported in Copenhagen that he is to join the English navy. Mrs. Humphrey Ward Is spending her time between her dramatization of "Eleanor" and various sociological inter ests of the Passmore Edwards Settle ment, which grew out of her novel "Rob ert Elsmere." The "Rev." Sam Small, the evangelist lecturer and one time humorist, has re sumed his connection with the Atlanta Constitution.' Twenty years ago his writ ing in that paper attracted wide atten tion. Since the war with Spain he has been editing the Havana Post. * * A. C. Harrison, Jr., and Dr. H. H. Miller of Philadelphia have arrived in San Francisco, after extended explora tions in the Island of Sumatra. They have gathered a valuable collection of birds and other fauna and of anthropo logical and ethnological specimens. The ethnological collection will be given to the University of Pennsylvania and the natural historic collection to the Acad emy of Natural Science, Philadelphia. The Cercle Francais de l'Universite Harvard has selected M. Hugues Le Roux as the French lecturer for 1902. M. Le Roux is not only a brilliant speaker, but is famous in France as an author, journalist and traveler. His Harvard lectures will be given on February 12, 14, 19, 21, 24, 26 and 28. After finishing his lectures in the 'East he will visit Chicago, St. Paul, St. Louis, Denver, San Fran cisco, New Orleans and Canada. Terrible Severity. [Portland Evening Telegram.] It is so cold in Kansas that a man only 116 years old died from the effects of exposure to the weather. One Hot Time. [St. Paul Globe.] Despite the success of the purifiers in the recent New York election, prepara tions are in progress for the customary annual orgy known as the French ball. GERMANY AND VENEZUELA [Boston Journal.] Washington reports a conviction in naval circles in that city that Germany intends to test the Monroe doctrine by planting herself in Venezuela under her flag and challenging out government to disturb her. Our government has had assurances from Berlin, however, that the German government intends no ag gressive action leading to any perma nent occupation of Venezulean terri tory. As an offset to this there is evidence enough that the German naval officers are spoiling for a fight with us, and they have on their own motion drawn up a plan for the invasion and subjection of our country by navy and army. The German war office has not as yet given the seal of its approbation to this nice scheme, which is said to be gravely dis cussed in the ward rooms of German; warships, where the officers are deep in the study of maps of the United States and our army and militia and naval sta tistics. There has been a feeling of bitterness in German navy circles toward us ever since Admiral Dewey checked the ag gressive movements of Admiral Dietrich in Manila bay in 1898. The li mperor William is credited with the remark that the Germans in this country would be true to fatherland tn case there was any trouble between the two nations, and no contradiction has appeared anywhere, while the German ambassador in this country has been imprudent enough to enter upon a can vass of German sentiment on the sub ject in Eastern cities and urging loyalty I to the emperor, all of which is in viola tion of the law of international comity and ordinarily would result in rebuke from the ambassador's home govern ment or the presentation by our gov ernment to the ambassador of his cre dentials and a diplomatically polite re quest for him to depart to Berlin. It is probable, however, that, although Emperor William agreed at one time with the late Prince Bismarck that the Monroe doctrine was "a piece of Amer ican impudence," the plan for the inva sion and conquest of our country, drawn up by Lieutenant von Edelsheim as sumes that for defensive purposes we can only bring 20,000 regular troops into the field, and that our militia are not to be considered in summing up our land defense, as they are, according to his ideals, armed chiefly with muzzle-lu2T ing muskets and are badly drilled. Of course, the ignorance of Edelsheim is deplorable, and his assumptions are ludicrous. If the German government tried that plan once it would never try it again, or, in fact, any other plan of invading the United States. The Ger mans of the United States (meaning German-born and citizens of German descent) are, by a very large majority, loyal to the United States. They would generally resent a German invasion as strenuously as Americans "to the man nor born." But Emperor William will not go to the extreme of testing our sincerity as to the Monroe doctrine. He has reason to believe that if it is "a piece of Ameri can impudence" it is extremely danger ous for any power to make it a casus belli and defy it. The doctrine has just been reiterated by the president in his message in a very emphatic way. This nation will not permit the perma nent occupakon and colonisation by a European power of territory upon his hemisphere. 8tutMRWT NOMS Orton Bros.-Pianos and organs. " The Salvation Army has moved its" headquarters to 107 East Broadway. Jr. 0. Bates, tuner, Montana Music Co., 119 N. Main it. Tel. S0L " A marriage license was issued yesterd2 day to Joseph Cairney and Mary Miller, both of Butte. Dr. Hansen, surgeon and specialist, il ver Bow block. X-ray examinations. " J. R. Rosvall, aged 35 years, died yes terday. The remains are at Sherman's undertaking rooms. A nine-pound boy has arrived at the home of Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Cooney, No. 128 West Galena atreet. All the January magazines at the P. 0. News Stand, 57 W. Park. " The suit of W. B. Gladding against T. J. Ellis has been dismissed in the dis trict court on the plaintiff's motion. Bowling, pool, billiards,. Thornton hotel basement. Finest alley and par lors. " Jeremiah J. Murphy, the Centerville miner who went into bankruptoy a few weeks ago, filed his petition for final discharge in the United States court to day: According to the report of the guardian H. 0. Weller, there is $1010 in the estate and guardianship of Archie S. Reynolds, a minor. The report has been filed in the district court. Sacramento Cafe now open, basement Luxton's market, 118 South Main. Best for least money. Meals 15c and up. " Don't let the dealer substitute on you for a Harvard cigar, because he can make more profit on some other. In slit on having the Harvard; it is all Havana and American union labor made. * Attorney Charles E. Oles, who has been appointed special examiner in the case of United States vs. Charles Tatta, has fixed the date of hearing testimony - in that case for January 20, at 10 a. m. In the estate of Theodore M. Walker, deceased, a petition has been filled in the district court by George Walker ask ing that he be appointed administrator. The estate is valued in the sum of $2700. The county board of health with Dr. Donnelly as physician at a salary of $50 a month has been formally organized by the county commissioners. Its formation will be secured from the state board of health from which a code of by-laws to govern the board will be drawn. J. M. Kelley was reappointed sanitary officer. John Mciann, a resident of Michigan, has brought suit in the district court against Mrs. Annie Strelbeck and John Stanwell and his wife to recover title to a lot in the Curtis & Majors addition said to be worth $1500. The lot sold for taxes to Mrs. Streibeck and the house on it is rented to the Stanwells. McGann claims the tax sale was Illegal an I wants his property back. The ladies of Silver City Camp, No. 1462, Royal Neighbors, pleasantly sur prised Silver Bow Camp, Modern Wood men of America, of which it Is an aux iliary, at Pythian Castle last evening. The entertainment took the form of a banquet. Tables were set in the large hall upstairs and a pleasant evening spent in social intercourse of the two organizations. The county commissioner8 have under consideration a petition signed by peo ple living in the Highland Park district asking that the road south of town, known as the Highland road, be declared a public highway. The land traversed by the thoroughfare is owned by John Dunston, S. V. Kemper and James Pit man, and the first two are willlag and the last unwilling the step proposed shall be taken. Success From Failures. [St. Louis Globe-Democrat.] Sir Thomas Lipton has received more presents for not winning the American cup than he can find storage room for dn his defeated yacht. A Wicked Scoffer. [Baltimore Herald.] When a Detroit widow weds a gentle man drawn from empty air by the spirit ualistic art, what can the former skeptics do 'but falter in their unbelief? If the widow is satisfied with her bargain, who can possibly cast aspersions on the gen uineness of the transaction? Could a widow, and a Detroit widow to boot, fall to know when wedded life Is happy and the match a successful one? Newbro Drug Co. OOMBS 75c Combs..........................30 50c Combs.. ......................360 Take Your Choice for asc Hair Brushes $1.50 Brushes....................760 $1.00 Brushes.....................600 60c Brushes.......................36o Look in our window and judge the value of our combs and brushes for yourself. NEWBRO DRUG CO North Main St.. Butte. Montana Undertaking Co. FUNERAL DIRECTORS EXPERT EMBALMERS The elegant modern equippages of the Windsor stables for funeral corteges. THOS. LAVELL, President THOS. SULLIVAN. Manager 'Phone 85. 125 E. Park St. e mc DEN yERL'A'05 RANDE P~in ANDE JERNB Travel During the Wall and Winter Season The journey to the East i.* Salt Lake City and along the d".nes of the Great Salt Lake through beautiful Glenwood, Colorado Springs and Denver is one of un interrupted delight in winter as well as uammer. In fact, the fall and winter season. ..:! :`r .a2 now grandeur and charm to the travel scenes and infuses an element of variety and beauty to the unsur passable wonders along the Rio Grande Western and Denver & Rio Grandi lines. Through Sleeping and Dining Car service. Personally conducted weekly excursions. For rates or information apply to. Ticket Office W. ". MOBRDE 47 t. Broadway, Butte. Gen. Agent GEORGE W. HEINTZ. Assistant Gen. Pass. Agt.. Salt Lake City. Faster Time to Chicago The time of the Burlington's limited between St. Paul and Chli cago has been shortened 85 min utes. Leave St. Paul 8:25 p. m. Arrive Chicago 9:20 a. m. All trans-continentatl trains con nect with it. All ticket agents will sell you tickets for it. Presume you know The Limited is electric lighted and is one of the most beautifully appoioted trains in America. PHIIL. DANIELS, A sntM 365 Esst Urosztwsv, At.ot January Alterations if we do your Glazing, or Wall Work, Painting or Papering, it will be all right. - CARDER WALL PAPER CO. Kieg Bloat, 115 W. Park