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DAILY INTER MOUNTAIN
=eaned Every Evenlpg, Except Sunday. INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLISHING CO. Address all mail to Inter Mountain Publiesing company. M. A. BERGER, Manager. 26 West Granite Street. Butte. Mont. Omdal Paper of Sliver Dow County and City of Butte. SUBSCRIPTION R ATES. Per year, by mail, In advance......875 By carrier, per month.............. .1 TUESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1002. TWO VIEWS OF THE LAW. From the exciting mass meeting Run day afternoon to the session of the city council tomorrow evening is only a short step in the march of events connected with the row between the county at torney and chief of police. It is ex perted that the controversy between these two officials will be transferred t. the council meeting, and that the fur will fly when that body convenes tno. the order of business is reached under which the suspension of the four police mhn may be properly called up. It goes without saying that Wednnesday even ing's council meeting will be a hot one. Both sides of the contest are said to be preparing for the fray. County Attorney preen read a section of the city ordinances before the mass meeting audience Sunday. That portion of the ordinances which he clained gov erned the case of tie four suspendtl policemen is not accepted as godu la w by the city attorney. It is rejected by the mayor, who depends upon another and different statute, enacted at a later date, to support his posiion. tChief Reynolds said in his mass meeting talk that til proof against the men suspended was overwhelming, and at the proper tione it would be presented. This maty be taken to mean that nction will le taken looking to the final dsniismlal of the ieen suspendled. In tticc lvien that such nttion is taken, the ulrminni must know the nature of the charges and the evillence supiirting thirn. This may be offered tomourrow night. These who hope to see an ennly settle ment of the wrangle ii oillitl 'irties hole it will. I'p1n the nature of the proof against the policemen will turn the issue now inri ie itp bet weun 'the mayor and those whlli Oppose hin. If the tuen accused ar, innocent and no proof warranting their distoissal ian 'be made, the coon cilnt-n will not vote to have theimi (ils charged from the force. The chat-i 4 against them have not been sptulitcally stated tas yet. It may te tih t their ilot offense Is a refusal to obey the instrue lions of those in authority over thui. If it ran te shown that offenses of tiis naturn have been committed by the po licenini, the sentiimmcit of Butte's eiti zeons will be overwhieiningly againsit giving them a place on the force. It is a fact that residents of this atty want the head of the police depart meit to run thai department, to appoint men to serve upon the force and weed out those who show 'by their acts that they are not a orking in hainony with their superiors. The mayor will be held ri sponsible for the work done by police men. He will be blamed for their neglect of duty, and if he has not the power to enforce obedience he must be blamed un Justly. A spirit of fairness has entered into public sentiment from the beginning, and there will he no quarrel with what the city council finally decides. As the final authority in 'the case, its judgment will be respected, and, as far as the case of the policemen is concerned, there will be no disposition to vet amide the ver dict. Whatever other matters may call for investigation may all be decided be fore the same competent Judges. Thier is no occasion to call mass meetings or resort to irregular practices to decide matters which may be taken care of In the regular way. Until the decision of the council is made known, all other proceedings are premature. The latest report of the census bureau gives the population of this country, Including all outlying possessions, as 84!2 3,OO9. ]%A three countries--'hina, England and Russia-have a greater population than the United States. The population has increased sixteen fold in * hundred years. The neWs has gone forth through the medium of the Yellowstone Journal that Charley Hartman has retired from poli tics. This is news indeed. It was the Iapression of most residents of Montana that he was thrown out. What will Montana do to care for the settlers who will come West in the next four months? It Is up to the Business Men's associations of the state to devise ways and means for attracting these settlers to Montana. Webster Davis is making a speech maNking tour for the Boers in South Africa. The cause of the baurghers looks gloomy indeed since the erratic Davis has added the weight of his oratory to their burdens. In the debate on the pension bill in congress yesterday those who prey upon this branch of the ;overnment's bounty were given a merited castigation. TN! SMON! NUISANCL. It may be that the recent controversy in which those in oficial life in Butte have engaged finds a cause in certain Irritating conditions common to this community. A writer in a medical mag asine, discussing the smoke nuisance, at tributes the melancholy and splenetic disposition of residents of London to the presence of smoke in the atmosphere. Commenting upon this highly unfavor able condition, the writer says: "Sir William Richmond estimated that as many as 6000 tons of coal were carried off in suspension in the atmosphere daily from the chimneys of London. This gives some idea of the magnitude of the nuisance in that city. The dirt caused by this black tog Is only one of the re sulting evils; days spent in darkness or in artificial light as well as the large amount of oxygen consumed by artificial light is another item of much Importance which should be considered in this con nection. Inhabitants of dark cities are never cheerful, and no doubt this may be the reason for the spleen of the lEngitsh, which Is supposed to be charac - teristic by the French and some others. The London scientists state that there is even a decided increase in the death rate during these heavy black fogs, and there can be no doubt but that so much snimke in the air is a cause of bronchitis and other Inflammations of the respir4 tory trset, which in their turn give rise to greater ilability to pneumonia and tuberaPlosis.", All this is of interest to residents of Blutte. It proves that the smoke prob lem which has proved such a serious ii aetion hiete, oail is out yet settled, nor likely to be, Is of consequence else where. It is significant that smoke and fog are conducive to spleen and irrita tion. The polie wrangle and the mass anta"ting mania may have all begun in smoke. Whether they will end in smoke is another story, and one for which the ally conuicil sectling nauy fuiulush al lii lrestIng setqual. A NEW MARRIAGE LAW. The slate of New York his it law gov. trning orlriages o'hith Is clearly on tit hd to the palm as IL piece of freak leglisilttIol. It provihes that. whenever a nman and woman desire to enter into a marriage contract an atgreemlent regu 013'y iirawn iin1(1 (er(tiled before a no tary is suf8leient for all purpo14es. Thas law pent into effect the first of the year, iini'. oelortding to the Trbttune, the new linl of mariitage lereilony is being adopted to a :surprisingly large extolt in every set tion of the state. One of the pecultur phases of the law ls that the inst iument tsigned before a notary nettd not tIx tiled for record until six months after the date of agreemaent. If at the exphation of this prettd the writing is not tiled, the marriage is void and of ine effect. The Tribune is autlihrity for the statement that the cltuvse in the law re uirttng the contracts to be flied is being geierally observed. What would happen should this pulpably weals portIon of the law be laken advantage of by designing personas, is a question with which New York will Have to deal before its freak maririage lIlt' is long' on the statute books. If reports from St. Paul are correct, a wave of immigration nearly equal to the poputlatin of Montana will come West (during the spring months. These reports may he exaggerated, but it is safe to say that vast numbers of immi grlnts will traverse Montana during the next few months. Steps should be taken at once to secure out of the army of honeseekers as many settlers for this state as possible. Lee and Garvin, convicted in the United States court for stealing cattle from the Crow Indians, got the limit of the law, and deserved the penalty im posed. It is possible when justice is ad ministered as it was by Judge Knowles in this Instance, to break up organized cattle stealing in Montana and compel respe(l for property in every section of the state. The trouble at the Lame Deer agency is at an end. Those versed in Indian affairs are of the opinion that bad whisky was at the bottom of the up rising. It seems the temptation to sell whisky to Indians is too great to be re sisted even when repeated punishment by the law is inflicted upon those en gaged in the forbidden traffic. W. J. Bryan has lectured to Harvard students upon the subject "A Conquering Nation." The fact that one nation has completely conquered Its desire to have Mr. Bryan mix in its politics gives a personal application to his interesting talk. The winter is so far advanced without unusual hardships that there is not one chance in a thousand of the stock in terests of the state suffering from severe storms. Good fortune is attending the stockmen during recent years. The time when eight aldermen will be chosen by the voters of Butte is less than three months away. The present disaffection in the city administration is a warning to citizens to select good men for places in the city council. Under the leadership of Senator Gor man the democratic party is expected to take a new lease of life. But there will always be the mournful record of the party's past to warn voters that it is too dangerous to be trusted, SUBSIDIZING GENIUS. [Loulev.ll Courier-Journal.] Bomebody has come forward with t@ suggestion that the Carnegies who gO not wish to die rich should devote pa of their money to subsidizing you g authors, artists and musicians of ge thus relieving them of the necessity , drudging for a livelihood and givil i them care-free leisure for the proseo lion of art. But when It came to the distribution 6tf thin money the troublesome question thb4t would at once arise would he: Who afe the geniuses? Who would satisfactorily answer this" question ? The authors, artists and muelclanse themselves? Then there would be an exceedingtyv long division of the millionaires' money' among thousands of people, with the` chances that most of the real genitsees would be left out. - Coula the critics be looked to for a decielon as to who are the geniuses? What critics? When did they ever agree on such a question? However, should some method be fotand for determining who the gealusee are, what assurance Is there that they would accept such bounty? Is it genius any more lacking In self-respect than $other people? Is he less averse to be coming an object of charity? It the two last questions be answered In the afrrmative - though we do not believe that they could be- then are geniuses any worthier objects of charity than other people? The proposition to subsidize geniuses seems to the Cuurier-Jou, sal bail from almost every point of vie.v. Objections spring up against it from all sides. It would encourage a lass of people, already too numerous, who think they are geniuses and who are good for little or nothing as long as they harbor such a delusion. The money in many instances would not reach the true geniuses, and when Reports from Eastern markets indi cate that the wool market is strong, with excellent prospects for 'high prices next season. In the row in the ollielal circles of the city and county there seems to be trouble enough for all. Proper Egyptian Form. I Milwaukee S( utinel.] The Egyptian Womnco wore corsets 3903 years ago. That's why the mummies area ii. such a iine state of prescrvatioi. Long livethe ti corset! Will Be Let Down Easy. [Kansas City Journal.] Cuba starts into self-government with the comforting knowledge that there lc a soft place to tall it the experiment proves unsatisfi ertury. The Glory of $gs - [Dallas News.] One star differeth from another, but there is none greater than the Lone Star. It dartles all the cuoors and remains up the year around. Trouble Brewing. [Washington Evening Times.] Kipling has gone to South Africa and Iichard Harding Davis has sailed for Chile, and now the inhabitants will really have to make things hum. America, the Final Test. [Washington Star.] It is said that Santos Dumont will bring his hlying machine to this country. No reputation is complete until its owner has made a tour of America. Stand by Their Friends. [Minneapolis Times.] 'Speaking of the Monroe doctrine, some day our South American neighbors will be big enough, cool enough and united enough to assist materially in its en forcement. He's a Financier. [Washington Post.] Elder Dowle paid $63,000 for his lace factory plant and then issued and sold stock in it to the extent of $1,103,000. Yet they continue to assume that religion is Dowle's long suit. Not Tongue Tied. [St. Paul Dispatch.] Mr. Austin's new poem is a "get to gether" Anglo-Saxon effusion, in which he advises us that we "both lisp" in the English 'tongue. This is apparently a Briticism, and America denies the charge. Appropriate. [Chicago Record-Herald.] They are having trouble in selecting a figurehead for the battleship Missouri, and somebody with a strong sense of the eternal fitness of things suggests a mule. It is to be hoped that the secretary of the navy will give this matter his earnest consideration. Too Big a contract. [Minneapolis Times.] Dr. David Paulson declares that pepper sauce and limburger cheese create a craving for cigarettes, and should not be given to the young. Will he kindly locate the responsibility for the limburger cheese appetite and suggest a cure? In our great fight for life let us attack one Chinks Learn to Fight. [Indianapolis News.] Certain travelers who have returned from China recently are pessimistic about the future of that country, as China seems to be importing firearms and getting ready for a great Oonfilct. The civilized nations may yet regret the day that they taught the Cainese the art of war. No More Jokes. [Washington Star.] There was at one time a disposition to rank Iowa. as a fitting theme for bucolic jest. But with two cabinet officers in Mr. Shaw and Mr. Wilson, an eminent and influential member of the senate in Mr. Allison, and the speaker of the house of representatives all hailing from within its border, Iowa has more than ordinary right to be honestly proud. it did the chances are that It would do them and their work more harm than good. Real genius does not have to be "en couraged," in the same manner that the tinplate industry, or the manufacture of "sardines" from young herrings, is en couraged-by subsidles. It will make its own way; if it does not, it is not apt to deserve a way. There is entirely too much "genius" already which thinks it deserves everything and gets nothing. Subsidies would go almost wholly to this class, which would accordingly be en larged and which, still thinking it de serves everything, was willing to give it. Existing conditions are far preferable. Under them it is the work of genius that counts, not claims. If that work brings material comforts, or even independence, well and good-though sometimes it is not so good for the future work of the genius. If it brings neither, then it is either not worth encouraging, or, if per slsted in, is at once the best proof and reward of genius. If millionaires wish to do something for genius let them buy the work of genius at its worth, and let them lend their influence and means to securing by law the property rights of genius to its work. A system of subsidies that would increase sham genius and make .diers and beggars of most real geniuses who should have so little self-respect as to accept it, would be essentially harm ful. A Fellow Peeling. (Milwaukee Wisconsin.] The Tammany tiger can sympathlre with Mother Hubbard's dog. Looking to Andy. [Philadelphia Bulletin.] Andrew Carnegie is credited with hav ing given away $40,000,000 in 1901. There are a large number of applicants who are buoyed up by the hope that he may break his own record In 1902. ?E'RSOJVAL, Congressman Joseph G. Cannon of Il! nois has einmpleted the purchase of 10. 000 Gores of land in Cuss and Saunders COun ti"'', Nebraska. Jmes N. Lann of Middletown, N. Y., a preacher, doctor and author, is 99 years of age and has been married thir teen times. ills first marriage occurs I at Melford, Pa., in 1830. John F. Ahearn of Trey, member of the New York legislature, will introduce a hill providing for the censorship of the drama in that state. Mr. Ahearn aims at the immoralitfes of the stage rather than at Its vagaziles. Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson of Cambridge, Mass., was 78 years old on the 22i tilt. Hie is in excellent health, and is now engaged upon a new edition of the life of Longfellow, the feature or the work being the poet's early life. Miss Harriet Tilden Browne, who dIed recently in Boston, left more than $24,000 to charitable and misalonary organiza. tions, including $10,000 to the Domestic and Foreign Missionary society of the Protestant Episcopal church in the United States. Mrs. Charles M. Schwab, wife of the president of the United States Steel cor paration, has traveled extensively and has a large and valuable collection of miniatures, of which she is an enthusi astle collector. She asslsts her husband in his establishment of industrial schools and is personally educating many young friends. Alfred Austin Afraid of His Job. [Baltimore American.] Alfred Austin writes as If he feard that the American poets would join in the raid on British markets. More Honor for the Hub. [Boston Transcript.] Chess Champion Pillsbury, by the way, is not "of Brooklyn" or "New York" or Philadelphia. He is a Bostonian, or, rather, a Somerville man. OUR LITERARY PRESIDENTS [Minneapolis Tribune.] The literary edition of the Philadelphia Times takes exception to the quite com mon assertion that Mr. Roosevelt is the most literary of our presidents since Jefferson. It does not admit that Jeffer son, although he wrote the Declaration of Independence, had gained that mas tery over thought and expression which would entitle him to be called a literary man, and claims that a dozen of the fathers of our republic used the English language more deftly. It regarde Wash 'ington's farewell message as a more literary document than any that ema nated from Jefferson. Possibly the as section that Alexander Hamilton wrote this message is true, -but whoever its author may have been, lit surpasses in literary value anything from the hand of Jefferson. . No one can claim literary ability for our soldier presidents, who were more versed in the training of the camp than that of the schools, but James 'Madison. John Quincy Adams and James A. Gar field had literary tastes and aspirations which, with leisure and opportunity, might have made 'them men of letter: like Mr. Roosevelt. It cannot be doubted that with proper trainlng Abraham Lin cotn would have proved the most literary of four presidents. As it was, he achieved several masterpieces, among which stand first that oration at Gettysburg-one of the greatest of human utterances-a doc ument that will live to the end of time. Mr. Roosevelt's strenuous life, his career as a ranchman, a hunter, a sol dier and a statesman, have not prevented his doing a great amount of excellent work in various fields of literature. Be ginning with a book on the naval war of 1812, published a year after his gradua tion from Harvard, he has written works on a variety of subjects ranging from his experiences in hunting trips and in ranch life to "Hero Tales From Ameri can History," written in collaboration with Senator Lodge, and "Essays on Practical Politics." His most important works are "The Winn4ng of the West" and a "Life of Oliver Cromwell." The distinguishing traits of this only one of our presidents who has made authorship a serious business, are mental athi"ti. cism and stalwart Americanism. No Joke. [Boston Journal.] King Edward has decided that there will be no court jester at the corounation ceremonies. Waiting so many year:; for the crown is a serious matter. Something of an Increase. (New York Press.] The bonus item of the bread-winners of this country, figured in increased wages in these prosperous days, would show an American New Year's gift of hundreds of millions of dollars. Why We Lead. (San Francisco Chronicle.] The electric railroad to be built be tween Brighton and London is to be equipped with Pullman cars, and the 47 miles between the popular watering place and the British metropolis sre to be covered in 30 minutes. This may be counted as another American triumph. 8lrTt Cvmfi .TlTsS Orton Bios.-Pianos and organs. " J. H. Decker of Helena is in Butte. Ben Wilson is back from his mine at Pony. W. J. OGies of Jefferson Island is visit ing In Butte. J. 0. Bates, tuner, Montana Music Co., 119 N. Main at. Tel 50L. Mrs. H. C. Carter of Whitehall is in the city visiting friends. Charles J. Shearer of the Helena Herald was In town yesterday. Richard Lockey came over from Hel ena on yesterday's train. T. W. Preston was one of yester day's arrivals from Helena. All the January .magazines at the P. 0. News Stand, 57 W. Park. * "Buck" Hudnall, state examiner, is over from the Capital City today. J. F. Carroll left last evening for the East. He will be gone six months. Miss Catherine Ronan of Missoula is visiting her sister Mrs. Joseph Carter of this city. If you want a good smoke, smoke the Harvard cigar, made of the best of Ha vana tobacco. * George P. Durham of Philipsburg re turned home yesterday after a visit of several days in Butte. Dr. George W. Monroe, formerly of this city, but now of Boulder, is meeting old friends in town today. Dr. Hansen, surkeon and specialist, Sil ver Bow block. X-ray examinations. ' Julius Lehfeldt, a prosperous Chinook merchant, left this morning after d short business trip in Butte. W. B. Holmes, manager of the Ala meda mine at Virginia City, was in Butte for a few days last week. Sacramento Cafe now open, basement Luxton's market, 113 South Main. Beat for least money. Meals 15c and up. " J. T. Keerl was in the city yesterday on his way back to Helena from the engineers' meeting at Anaconda. For an after-dinner smoke, the Har vard elgat is the best and Is always found in the homes of the best snokers. Sherman, the undertaker, nas moved his undertaking business to his new and commodious quarters on East Broadway. Rev. J. W. and Mrs. Fogarty of Ham ilton are in the city. Mrs. Fogarty will remain with her parents in Butte to receive medical attention. James T. Byrne of Helena estimates the damage to his property near B., A. & P. depot, from Friday morning's fire at $700. It is covered by insurance. Bancroft Davis, the mining engineer, who examined the Boss Tweed proper ties at Pony in the interests of the pur chasers, left yesterday for his home in Boston. RIobert Marsh of Salt Lake, general western saleman for the Diamondville Coal company, arrived in Butte today to look after the interests of the company in this city. Ed Corcoran, for years clerk of the district court at Anaconda, was in the city yesterday on his way to his old home In Ontario, Canada, where he goes to take a needed vacation. The default of the defendant 'was en tered in the district court yesterday in the suit of Josephine Ledeaux againtA Antone Ledeaux and next Saturday was set for the hearing of the plaintiffs proofs. Judge McClernan has settled the 1ill of exceptions in the case of Edwaoj Tobin, who is doing 15 years in the state prison for the murder of Ed. Hickey, and a motion for a new trial will be heard when criminal trials next come before the court. The deputy county treasurer has be gun the annual sale of property for de linquent taxes at the courthouse, and about 200 lots and parcels of property have already, been sold. The delinquent taxes with the penalty amounted to about $9000. Dowie as a "Promoter.' [Louisville Times.] If it comes to the worst with ''Elijah" Dowle's industries, he can make a good living as a gold-brick artist. War Ships and Prosperity. [Philadelphia Ledger.] As Secretary Long sees it, the more prosperous we are the more war ships we can afford, and the more warships we have the more prosperous we shall be; therefore let us build warships. This Week Cloth Brush tai :t Newbro's Bath Brush Sale at Newbro's Soc Cloth Braes Now 25C $1.00 4' "' Soc $1.50 * ". 75c $2.oo ý. ý' $1.00 soc Bath Brashes New 25c Ss.oo ". "6 SOC $a.oo "" " $1.00 Have a look at our win dow. It is good for sore eyes. NEWBRO DRUOi CO North Main St.. Butte. Them in. Ever stop to think how many of the thousands who pass your place daily know who you are or what you do? If you are a merchant you want more customers; if you practice a profession you want more clients. Why not Invite all these people in; not by word of mouth from your doorway-that would take too much of your time. Just put up a good sign that tells who you are and what you are doing. If we paint it, it will be attractive enough to arrest at tention and act as an invitation to drop in. SCHATZLEIN PAINT COMPANY No. 14 West Brodd way DEN YER T)RU uRANDE ID GRANDEWf Travel During the Pall and Winter Ueason The journey to the East ..a Salt Lake City and along the ahr es of the Great Salt Lake through beautiful Glenwood, Colorado Springs and Denver is one of un Interrupted delight in winter as well us summer. In fact, the fall and winter seaso,. hiet 4 now grandeur and charm to the travel scenes and infusps an element of variety and beauty to the unsur passable wonders along the Rio Grande Western and Denver & Rio Grande lines. Through Sleeping and Dining Car service. Personally conducted weekly excursions. For rates or information apply to, Ticket Office W. 01. MoBRDU 47 C. Broadway, Butte. Gen. Agent GEORGE W. HEINTE, Assistant Gen. Pass. Agt., Salt Lake City. I THREE ROUTES EAST 1. Via Billings and the B3urling ton Route. 2. Via 4t. Paul and the Burling ton Route. :. Via Denver and the Purling ton Route. Which is the best? That de pends. Take No. 1 if you want to save* time. No. 2 if you want to ride on the flnest train on earth, No. 3 if you want to see the most magnlficent scenery on the globe. Call or wrlte, PHIL. DsNIE.LS Agont s3 last Brouarb-v. Ia~utte. MIont. Richards THE BUTTE UNDERTAKER Fractical Undortahiers and Embalmers. 140 W. Park St., Batte. Phone 307.