DAILY INTER MOUNTAIN
=eaned Every Evenlpg, Except Sunday.
INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLISHING CO.
Address all mail to Inter Mountain
M. A. BERGER, Manager.
26 West Granite Street. Butte. Mont.
Omdal Paper of Sliver Dow County and
City of Butte.
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Per year, by mail, In advance......875
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TUESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1002.
TWO VIEWS OF THE LAW.
From the exciting mass meeting Run
day afternoon to the session of the city
council tomorrow evening is only a short
step in the march of events connected
with the row between the county at
torney and chief of police. It is ex
perted that the controversy between
these two officials will be transferred t.
the council meeting, and that the fur
will fly when that body convenes tno.
the order of business is reached under
which the suspension of the four police
mhn may be properly called up. It goes
without saying that Wednnesday even
ing's council meeting will be a hot one.
Both sides of the contest are said to be
preparing for the fray.
County Attorney preen read a section
of the city ordinances before the mass
meeting audience Sunday. That portion
of the ordinances which he clained gov
erned the case of tie four suspendtl
policemen is not accepted as godu la w
by the city attorney. It is rejected by
the mayor, who depends upon another
and different statute, enacted at a later
date, to support his posiion. tChief
Reynolds said in his mass meeting talk
that til proof against the men suspended
was overwhelming, and at the proper
tione it would be presented. This maty
be taken to mean that nction will le
taken looking to the final dsniismlal of
the ieen suspendled. In tticc lvien that
such nttion is taken, the ulrminni
must know the nature of the charges
and the evillence supiirting thirn.
This may be offered tomourrow night.
These who hope to see an ennly settle
ment of the wrangle ii oillitl 'irties
hole it will.
I'p1n the nature of the proof against
the policemen will turn the issue now
inri ie itp bet weun 'the mayor and those
whlli Oppose hin. If the tuen accused
ar, innocent and no proof warranting
their distoissal ian 'be made, the coon
cilnt-n will not vote to have theimi (ils
charged from the force. The chat-i 4
against them have not been sptulitcally
stated tas yet. It may te tih t their ilot
offense Is a refusal to obey the instrue
lions of those in authority over thui.
If it ran te shown that offenses of tiis
naturn have been committed by the po
licenini, the sentiimmcit of Butte's eiti
zeons will be overwhieiningly againsit
giving them a place on the force.
It is a fact that residents of this atty
want the head of the police depart meit
to run thai department, to appoint men
to serve upon the force and weed out
those who show 'by their acts that they
are not a orking in hainony with their
superiors. The mayor will be held ri
sponsible for the work done by police
men. He will be blamed for their neglect
of duty, and if he has not the power to
enforce obedience he must be blamed un
Justly. A spirit of fairness has entered
into public sentiment from the beginning,
and there will he no quarrel with what
the city council finally decides. As the
final authority in 'the case, its judgment
will be respected, and, as far as the case
of the policemen is concerned, there will
be no disposition to vet amide the ver
dict. Whatever other matters may call
for investigation may all be decided be
fore the same competent Judges. Thier
is no occasion to call mass meetings or
resort to irregular practices to decide
matters which may be taken care of In
the regular way. Until the decision of
the council is made known, all other
proceedings are premature.
The latest report of the census bureau
gives the population of this country,
Including all outlying possessions, as
84!2 3,OO9. ]%A three countries--'hina,
England and Russia-have a greater
population than the United States. The
population has increased sixteen fold in
* hundred years.
The neWs has gone forth through the
medium of the Yellowstone Journal that
Charley Hartman has retired from poli
tics. This is news indeed. It was the
Iapression of most residents of Montana
that he was thrown out.
What will Montana do to care for the
settlers who will come West in the next
four months? It Is up to the Business
Men's associations of the state to devise
ways and means for attracting these
settlers to Montana.
Webster Davis is making a speech
maNking tour for the Boers in South
Africa. The cause of the baurghers looks
gloomy indeed since the erratic Davis
has added the weight of his oratory to
In the debate on the pension bill in
congress yesterday those who prey upon
this branch of the ;overnment's bounty
were given a merited castigation.
TN! SMON! NUISANCL.
It may be that the recent controversy
in which those in oficial life in Butte
have engaged finds a cause in certain
Irritating conditions common to this
community. A writer in a medical mag
asine, discussing the smoke nuisance, at
tributes the melancholy and splenetic
disposition of residents of London to the
presence of smoke in the atmosphere.
Commenting upon this highly unfavor
able condition, the writer says:
"Sir William Richmond estimated that
as many as 6000 tons of coal were carried
off in suspension in the atmosphere daily
from the chimneys of London. This
gives some idea of the magnitude of the
nuisance in that city. The dirt caused
by this black tog Is only one of the re
sulting evils; days spent in darkness or
in artificial light as well as the large
amount of oxygen consumed by artificial
light is another item of much Importance
which should be considered in this con
nection. Inhabitants of dark cities are
never cheerful, and no doubt this may
be the reason for the spleen of the
lEngitsh, which Is supposed to be charac -
teristic by the French and some others.
The London scientists state that there
is even a decided increase in the death
rate during these heavy black fogs, and
there can be no doubt but that so much
snimke in the air is a cause of bronchitis
and other Inflammations of the respir4
tory trset, which in their turn give rise
to greater ilability to pneumonia and
All this is of interest to residents of
Blutte. It proves that the smoke prob
lem which has proved such a serious
ii aetion hiete, oail is out yet settled, nor
likely to be, Is of consequence else
where. It is significant that smoke and
fog are conducive to spleen and irrita
tion. The polie wrangle and the mass
anta"ting mania may have all begun in
smoke. Whether they will end in smoke
is another story, and one for which the
ally conuicil sectling nauy fuiulush al lii
A NEW MARRIAGE LAW.
The slate of New York his it law gov.
trning orlriages o'hith Is clearly on
tit hd to the palm as IL piece of freak
leglisilttIol. It provihes that. whenever a
nman and woman desire to enter into a
marriage contract an atgreemlent regu
013'y iirawn iin1(1 (er(tiled before a no
tary is suf8leient for all purpo14es. Thas
law pent into effect the first of the year,
iini'. oelortding to the Trbttune, the new
linl of mariitage lereilony is being
adopted to a :surprisingly large extolt
in every set tion of the state. One of the
pecultur phases of the law ls that the
inst iument tsigned before a notary nettd
not tIx tiled for record until six months
after the date of agreemaent. If at the
exphation of this prettd the writing is
not tiled, the marriage is void and of ine
effect. The Tribune is autlihrity for the
statement that the cltuvse in the law re
uirttng the contracts to be flied is being
geierally observed. What would happen
should this pulpably weals portIon of the
law be laken advantage of by designing
personas, is a question with which New
York will Have to deal before its freak
maririage lIlt' is long' on the statute
If reports from St. Paul are correct,
a wave of immigration nearly equal to
the poputlatin of Montana will come
West (during the spring months. These
reports may he exaggerated, but it is
safe to say that vast numbers of immi
grlnts will traverse Montana during the
next few months. Steps should be taken
at once to secure out of the army of
honeseekers as many settlers for this
state as possible.
Lee and Garvin, convicted in the
United States court for stealing cattle
from the Crow Indians, got the limit of
the law, and deserved the penalty im
posed. It is possible when justice is ad
ministered as it was by Judge Knowles
in this Instance, to break up organized
cattle stealing in Montana and compel
respe(l for property in every section of
The trouble at the Lame Deer agency
is at an end. Those versed in Indian
affairs are of the opinion that bad
whisky was at the bottom of the up
rising. It seems the temptation to sell
whisky to Indians is too great to be re
sisted even when repeated punishment
by the law is inflicted upon those en
gaged in the forbidden traffic.
W. J. Bryan has lectured to Harvard
students upon the subject "A Conquering
Nation." The fact that one nation has
completely conquered Its desire to have
Mr. Bryan mix in its politics gives a
personal application to his interesting
The winter is so far advanced without
unusual hardships that there is not one
chance in a thousand of the stock in
terests of the state suffering from severe
storms. Good fortune is attending the
stockmen during recent years.
The time when eight aldermen will
be chosen by the voters of Butte is less
than three months away. The present
disaffection in the city administration is
a warning to citizens to select good men
for places in the city council.
Under the leadership of Senator Gor
man the democratic party is expected
to take a new lease of life. But there
will always be the mournful record of
the party's past to warn voters that it is
too dangerous to be trusted,
Bomebody has come forward with [email protected]
suggestion that the Carnegies who gO
not wish to die rich should devote pa
of their money to subsidizing you g
authors, artists and musicians of ge
thus relieving them of the necessity ,
drudging for a livelihood and givil i
them care-free leisure for the proseo
lion of art.
But when It came to the distribution 6tf
thin money the troublesome question thb4t
would at once arise would he: Who afe
Who would satisfactorily answer this"
The authors, artists and muelclanse
Then there would be an exceedingtyv
long division of the millionaires' money'
among thousands of people, with the`
chances that most of the real genitsees
would be left out. -
Coula the critics be looked to for a
decielon as to who are the geniuses?
When did they ever agree on such a
However, should some method be
fotand for determining who the gealusee
are, what assurance Is there that they
would accept such bounty? Is it genius
any more lacking In self-respect than
$other people? Is he less averse to be
coming an object of charity?
It the two last questions be answered
In the afrrmative - though we do not
believe that they could be- then are
geniuses any worthier objects of charity
than other people?
The proposition to subsidize geniuses
seems to the Cuurier-Jou, sal bail from
almost every point of vie.v. Objections
spring up against it from all sides.
It would encourage a lass of people,
already too numerous, who think they
are geniuses and who are good for little
or nothing as long as they harbor such
The money in many instances would
not reach the true geniuses, and when
Reports from Eastern markets indi
cate that the wool market is strong, with
excellent prospects for 'high prices next
In the row in the ollielal circles of the
city and county there seems to be trouble
enough for all.
Proper Egyptian Form.
I Milwaukee S( utinel.]
The Egyptian Womnco wore corsets 3903
years ago. That's why the mummies area
ii. such a iine state of prescrvatioi. Long
livethe ti corset!
Will Be Let Down Easy.
[Kansas City Journal.]
Cuba starts into self-government with
the comforting knowledge that there lc a
soft place to tall it the experiment proves
The Glory of $gs -
One star differeth from another, but
there is none greater than the Lone Star.
It dartles all the cuoors and remains up
the year around.
[Washington Evening Times.]
Kipling has gone to South Africa and
Iichard Harding Davis has sailed for
Chile, and now the inhabitants will
really have to make things hum.
America, the Final Test.
It is said that Santos Dumont will
bring his hlying machine to this country.
No reputation is complete until its
owner has made a tour of America.
Stand by Their Friends.
'Speaking of the Monroe doctrine, some
day our South American neighbors will
be big enough, cool enough and united
enough to assist materially in its en
He's a Financier.
Elder Dowle paid $63,000 for his lace
factory plant and then issued and sold
stock in it to the extent of $1,103,000. Yet
they continue to assume that religion is
Dowle's long suit.
Not Tongue Tied.
[St. Paul Dispatch.]
Mr. Austin's new poem is a "get to
gether" Anglo-Saxon effusion, in which
he advises us that we "both lisp" in
the English 'tongue. This is apparently
a Briticism, and America denies the
They are having trouble in selecting a
figurehead for the battleship Missouri,
and somebody with a strong sense of the
eternal fitness of things suggests a mule.
It is to be hoped that the secretary of the
navy will give this matter his earnest
Too Big a contract.
Dr. David Paulson declares that pepper
sauce and limburger cheese create a
craving for cigarettes, and should not be
given to the young. Will he kindly locate
the responsibility for the limburger
cheese appetite and suggest a cure? In
our great fight for life let us attack one
Chinks Learn to Fight.
Certain travelers who have returned
from China recently are pessimistic
about the future of that country, as
China seems to be importing firearms
and getting ready for a great Oonfilct.
The civilized nations may yet regret the
day that they taught the Cainese the
art of war.
No More Jokes.
There was at one time a disposition to
rank Iowa. as a fitting theme for bucolic
jest. But with two cabinet officers in
Mr. Shaw and Mr. Wilson, an eminent
and influential member of the senate in
Mr. Allison, and the speaker of the house
of representatives all hailing from within
its border, Iowa has more than ordinary
right to be honestly proud.
it did the chances are that It would
do them and their work more harm than
Real genius does not have to be "en
couraged," in the same manner that the
tinplate industry, or the manufacture of
"sardines" from young herrings, is en
couraged-by subsidles. It will make its
own way; if it does not, it is not apt
to deserve a way. There is entirely too
much "genius" already which thinks it
deserves everything and gets nothing.
Subsidies would go almost wholly to this
class, which would accordingly be en
larged and which, still thinking it de
serves everything, was willing to give it.
Existing conditions are far preferable.
Under them it is the work of genius that
counts, not claims. If that work brings
material comforts, or even independence,
well and good-though sometimes it is
not so good for the future work of the
genius. If it brings neither, then it is
either not worth encouraging, or, if per
slsted in, is at once the best proof and
reward of genius.
If millionaires wish to do something
for genius let them buy the work of
genius at its worth, and let them lend
their influence and means to securing
by law the property rights of genius to
its work. A system of subsidies that
would increase sham genius and make
.diers and beggars of most real geniuses
who should have so little self-respect as
to accept it, would be essentially harm
A Fellow Peeling.
The Tammany tiger can sympathlre
with Mother Hubbard's dog.
Looking to Andy.
Andrew Carnegie is credited with hav
ing given away $40,000,000 in 1901. There
are a large number of applicants who are
buoyed up by the hope that he may break
his own record In 1902.
Congressman Joseph G. Cannon of Il!
nois has einmpleted the purchase of 10.
000 Gores of land in Cuss and Saunders
COun ti"'', Nebraska.
Jmes N. Lann of Middletown, N. Y.,
a preacher, doctor and author, is 99
years of age and has been married thir
teen times. ills first marriage occurs I
at Melford, Pa., in 1830.
John F. Ahearn of Trey, member of
the New York legislature, will introduce
a hill providing for the censorship of the
drama in that state. Mr. Ahearn aims
at the immoralitfes of the stage rather
than at Its vagaziles.
Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson of
Cambridge, Mass., was 78 years old on
the 22i tilt. Hie is in excellent health,
and is now engaged upon a new edition
of the life of Longfellow, the feature or
the work being the poet's early life.
Miss Harriet Tilden Browne, who dIed
recently in Boston, left more than $24,000
to charitable and misalonary organiza.
tions, including $10,000 to the Domestic
and Foreign Missionary society of the
Protestant Episcopal church in the
Mrs. Charles M. Schwab, wife of the
president of the United States Steel cor
paration, has traveled extensively and
has a large and valuable collection of
miniatures, of which she is an enthusi
astle collector. She asslsts her husband
in his establishment of industrial schools
and is personally educating many young
Alfred Austin Afraid of His Job.
Alfred Austin writes as If he feard
that the American poets would join in
the raid on British markets.
More Honor for the Hub.
Chess Champion Pillsbury, by the way,
is not "of Brooklyn" or "New York" or
Philadelphia. He is a Bostonian, or,
rather, a Somerville man.
OUR LITERARY PRESIDENTS
The literary edition of the Philadelphia
Times takes exception to the quite com
mon assertion that Mr. Roosevelt is the
most literary of our presidents since
Jefferson. It does not admit that Jeffer
son, although he wrote the Declaration
of Independence, had gained that mas
tery over thought and expression which
would entitle him to be called a literary
man, and claims that a dozen of the
fathers of our republic used the English
language more deftly. It regarde Wash
'ington's farewell message as a more
literary document than any that ema
nated from Jefferson. Possibly the as
section that Alexander Hamilton wrote
this message is true, -but whoever its
author may have been, lit surpasses in
literary value anything from the hand
of Jefferson. .
No one can claim literary ability for
our soldier presidents, who were more
versed in the training of the camp than
that of the schools, but James 'Madison.
John Quincy Adams and James A. Gar
field had literary tastes and aspirations
which, with leisure and opportunity,
might have made 'them men of letter:
like Mr. Roosevelt. It cannot be doubted
that with proper trainlng Abraham Lin
cotn would have proved the most literary
of four presidents. As it was, he achieved
several masterpieces, among which stand
first that oration at Gettysburg-one of
the greatest of human utterances-a doc
ument that will live to the end of time.
Mr. Roosevelt's strenuous life, his
career as a ranchman, a hunter, a sol
dier and a statesman, have not prevented
his doing a great amount of excellent
work in various fields of literature. Be
ginning with a book on the naval war of
1812, published a year after his gradua
tion from Harvard, he has written works
on a variety of subjects ranging from
his experiences in hunting trips and in
ranch life to "Hero Tales From Ameri
can History," written in collaboration
with Senator Lodge, and "Essays on
Practical Politics." His most important
works are "The Winn4ng of the West"
and a "Life of Oliver Cromwell." The
distinguishing traits of this only one of
our presidents who has made authorship
a serious business, are mental athi"ti.
cism and stalwart Americanism.
King Edward has decided that there
will be no court jester at the corounation
ceremonies. Waiting so many year:; for
the crown is a serious matter.
Something of an Increase.
(New York Press.]
The bonus item of the bread-winners
of this country, figured in increased
wages in these prosperous days, would
show an American New Year's gift of
hundreds of millions of dollars.
Why We Lead.
(San Francisco Chronicle.]
The electric railroad to be built be
tween Brighton and London is to be
equipped with Pullman cars, and the 47
miles between the popular watering
place and the British metropolis sre to be
covered in 30 minutes. This may be
counted as another American triumph.
8lrTt Cvmfi .TlTsS
Orton Bios.-Pianos and organs. "
J. H. Decker of Helena is in Butte.
Ben Wilson is back from his mine at
W. J. OGies of Jefferson Island is visit
ing In Butte.
J. 0. Bates, tuner, Montana Music Co.,
119 N. Main at. Tel 50L.
Mrs. H. C. Carter of Whitehall is in
the city visiting friends.
Charles J. Shearer of the Helena Herald
was In town yesterday.
Richard Lockey came over from Hel
ena on yesterday's train.
T. W. Preston was one of yester
day's arrivals from Helena.
All the January .magazines at the P.
0. News Stand, 57 W. Park. *
"Buck" Hudnall, state examiner, is
over from the Capital City today.
J. F. Carroll left last evening for the
East. He will be gone six months.
Miss Catherine Ronan of Missoula is
visiting her sister Mrs. Joseph Carter of
If you want a good smoke, smoke the
Harvard cigar, made of the best of Ha
vana tobacco. *
George P. Durham of Philipsburg re
turned home yesterday after a visit of
several days in Butte.
Dr. George W. Monroe, formerly of
this city, but now of Boulder, is meeting
old friends in town today.
Dr. Hansen, surkeon and specialist, Sil
ver Bow block. X-ray examinations. '
Julius Lehfeldt, a prosperous Chinook
merchant, left this morning after d short
business trip in Butte.
W. B. Holmes, manager of the Ala
meda mine at Virginia City, was in
Butte for a few days last week.
Sacramento Cafe now open, basement
Luxton's market, 113 South Main. Beat
for least money. Meals 15c and up. "
J. T. Keerl was in the city yesterday
on his way back to Helena from the
engineers' meeting at Anaconda.
For an after-dinner smoke, the Har
vard elgat is the best and Is always
found in the homes of the best snokers.
Sherman, the undertaker, nas moved
his undertaking business to his new and
commodious quarters on East Broadway.
Rev. J. W. and Mrs. Fogarty of Ham
ilton are in the city. Mrs. Fogarty will
remain with her parents in Butte to
receive medical attention.
James T. Byrne of Helena estimates
the damage to his property near B., A.
& P. depot, from Friday morning's fire
at $700. It is covered by insurance.
Bancroft Davis, the mining engineer,
who examined the Boss Tweed proper
ties at Pony in the interests of the pur
chasers, left yesterday for his home in
RIobert Marsh of Salt Lake, general
western saleman for the Diamondville
Coal company, arrived in Butte today to
look after the interests of the company
in this city.
Ed Corcoran, for years clerk of the
district court at Anaconda, was in the
city yesterday on his way to his old
home In Ontario, Canada, where he goes
to take a needed vacation.
The default of the defendant 'was en
tered in the district court yesterday in
the suit of Josephine Ledeaux againtA
Antone Ledeaux and next Saturday was
set for the hearing of the plaintiffs
Judge McClernan has settled the 1ill of
exceptions in the case of Edwaoj Tobin,
who is doing 15 years in the state prison
for the murder of Ed. Hickey, and a
motion for a new trial will be heard
when criminal trials next come before
The deputy county treasurer has be
gun the annual sale of property for de
linquent taxes at the courthouse, and
about 200 lots and parcels of property
have already, been sold. The delinquent
taxes with the penalty amounted to
Dowie as a "Promoter.'
If it comes to the worst with ''Elijah"
Dowle's industries, he can make a good
living as a gold-brick artist.
War Ships and Prosperity.
As Secretary Long sees it, the more
prosperous we are the more war ships
we can afford, and the more warships we
have the more prosperous we shall be;
therefore let us build warships.
tai :t Newbro's
Sale at Newbro's
Soc Cloth Braes Now 25C
$1.00 4' "' Soc
$1.50 * ". 75c
$2.oo ý. ý' $1.00
soc Bath Brashes New 25c
Ss.oo ". "6 SOC
$a.oo "" " $1.00
Have a look at our win
dow. It is good for sore
NEWBRO DRUOi CO
North Main St.. Butte.
Ever stop to think how many
of the thousands who pass your
place daily know who you are or
what you do?
If you are a merchant you
want more customers; if you
practice a profession you want
more clients. Why not Invite all
these people in; not by word of
mouth from your doorway-that
would take too much of your
time. Just put up a good sign that
tells who you are and what you
are doing. If we paint it, it will
be attractive enough to arrest at
tention and act as an invitation
to drop in.
No. 14 West Brodd way
DEN YER T)RU uRANDE
Travel During the Pall
and Winter Ueason
The journey to the East ..a Salt
Lake City and along the ahr es
of the Great Salt Lake through
beautiful Glenwood, Colorado
Springs and Denver is one of un
Interrupted delight in winter as well
us summer. In fact, the fall and
winter seaso,. hiet 4 now
grandeur and charm to the travel
scenes and infusps an element of
variety and beauty to the unsur
passable wonders along the Rio
Grande Western and Denver & Rio
Grande lines. Through Sleeping
and Dining Car service. Personally
conducted weekly excursions. For
rates or information apply to,
Ticket Office W. 01. MoBRDU
47 C. Broadway, Butte. Gen. Agent
GEORGE W. HEINTE,
Assistant Gen. Pass. Agt.,
Salt Lake City.
1. Via Billings and the B3urling
2. Via 4t. Paul and the Burling
:. Via Denver and the Purling
Which is the best? That de
pends. Take No. 1 if you want to
save* time. No. 2 if you want to
ride on the flnest train on earth,
No. 3 if you want to see the most
magnlficent scenery on the globe.
Call or wrlte,
PHIL. DsNIE.LS Agont
s3 last Brouarb-v. Ia~utte. MIont.
THE BUTTE UNDERTAKER
Fractical Undortahiers and Embalmers.
140 W. Park St., Batte. Phone 307.
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