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DAILY INTER MOUNTAIN
Issued Every Evening. Except Sunday. INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLISHING CO. Address all mail to Inter Mountaln Publishing company. M. A. BERGER, Manager. 2 West Granite Street. Butte, Moot. Official Paper of SBlver Dow County and City of Butte. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. I'er year, by mall, in advance...... l.50 By carrier, per month.............. 7 TIIUHRSDAY, JANUARY 30, 1902. KNOTTY QUESTIONs Or TAXATION. That was a radiscal meausure proposed by 'hairman ('lark of Silver How coulnty's board of comlnmissioners at 'the' 'onnferen'ce with the asseesors yesterday. He s ated in plain terms that asessors shoult so list the priperty of their re Specl)tive counties that the state board of equalization would lie compelled to raise the railroad assessment or let the state lunl short of funds. The manner in which ('hairman Clark's forceful speech was re'eived illustrates Ithe dlverge-n.c' of opinion between 'oullnty t'immtsalon ers anll(]d sessors. 'll''hse who heard the pr)oposal ('annot lie said to have warmed with elnthull.iasm at thought of the re sults it seemed to ilpromise. l'They one andl all threw c'old wat'er on thet project, saying that Inasmuch as. the assessmoRl" Chald sent the state board ahbout its bustl nIless that body wos.lii ble lik'ely to treat a petlitlion from tih' ;aesessrs with tie rislin. So there "the matt(er rests. Mr. 4'lark's rem'arkable .tst ttl nieni t ii stl nds out boldly, howevelr, al nd If Ilia IIgurtl', tare corrte,'t the tax refornl he( ur'ged is not 8 1tni1tl' o In e treated lightly. II' s:aid there' was a ;ll:sp rity of sotllehlllig like $40(,000 , r l mil.' t\ietw o n the, assess mnent ligulres lan5tiI hvu ti itition plac'd uloll thii' railroiadsi by their ownerts. The' sia'te 'boatrd ol'ty hauve views oif its ownt ulpon this llsatti'r'. The board llmeets in May, and at that time t we sh ill see. what we shall s,... Onh the frie of th'" 1ter I w i would slm' s tihe asses'ors might with proprihty 1,It the state boarl'd run its, own busintess. Meantimte it is west t'hy of passing sn'ntion 'that the Is w..,esso deBealt with weighty questions of tiaxation at 'theit' im'titg h'l'ere. The railroad valuations loom upl Ipromlinently bi',.tusse the'y wet's left I.l a state of sus l,'llts; ths', o0her maltter.C were all si ttledl arlll the I(men whso ipaseid upon them are ,lsosrving of praise for their excellent work. In the light gossip that went the round)llllis a (llles'ton of me gravity was the one relating to a chanIge in the Ilenglth of assessors' temUs of oili'e. Four ye3arsl, insitead of two, is unquestionably the right term; of that practical expert. encre will give evi\'ence. Then, 'too, the terms should be so arranged that half of' t'e state's assessors will "hold over." By the rotation in office now practiced a new cotrps of assessors may come to gether at the Helena meeting. That thsey will lack In the knowledge neces sary 'to hold such a profitable meeting as was held in Butte this Week goes without saying. If the assessors' association is to live and flourish, the law should be so framed 'that the exigencies of politis' cannot blot out its entire membership. Besginning with the problem tackled by Chairman Clark, there is a long list of knotty questions that need attention. Others will spring up, from time to time also. Montana will 'not soon be rid of vexing qluestions of taxation. No other st.a'te has freed Itself from them. The plan proposed by the assessor's associatlion to tax 'all script and lien landis is worthy of approval. It will bring the question before the supreme scotlrt in a test case and put at rest a question respecting which grave con. cern 'has existed. If the court decides that the lands cannot legally be taxed, 4he welders will know the exact status of their property, and should the de clsion be 'the other way a large amount of property will find a place on the tax lists to the considerable benefit of those Who are now bearing the burdens. Judge Hira- m Knowles of the United States court established a precedent the otlher day 'in Helena, and his action has moved Hen. Sam Gordon of the Yellow stone Journal 'to marvel exceedingly at what he chooses to term "Judicial temer ity." Some observations the Journal's editor makes concerning this matter may also 'be said to be without precedent- for piquant expression and sly humor. Today the assessors visit Anaconda to ee the largest, costllest and most mod ern smeltslg plant in the world. The assessors who are of what are called "tl¶e mining counties" 'have slghlts to sllo\" ther' fellow-workers from other tc'tioils of the state that wIll amply reepay 'them for theai trip 'to tlhe greatest mining camp onil earth. The manlagement of the World's Fair m saking asrangeinents for exhibltions of dirigible balloons and wlreless teleg saphy. ity the time the fair Is under a'ay new Inventions will 'be contrlved, and ianlos-D)umnt and Marconi will be superscded by olher wizatrds of this woll derful age. Theo d\valnce in .he price of ilead will have the effest of clearling out the stocks the smelters have on hand, and will re pult benetlclally to all conoerned . in the -production of this mineral. A PUEASANT INCIDINT. Perhaps the most pleasant of all the incidents that occurred during the so journ of Montana's assessors in Butte was the visit to the Inter Mountain plant. To many of the visitors a daily paper Is not a novelty; to most of them a printing plant is a concern with whhih they had some acquaintance, but to all the perfect equipment of Butte's after noon paper was a revelation. Many of the visitors supposed the perfect order and precislon that they observed in the variou:a -departments were simulated for the occasion, and thast hurry, rush and confusion were necessary to secure such renults as they witnessed during their stay. When tile paper's front pag', wias put to press and the Iapwrs cam.e out in at snowy stream from the monster machine, the visitors could not conreal their amrazemnent at the almost incredi ble swiftness with which the work was done. When they saw the editions for I)llon and Anaconda whisked away to the trains and the preas speeded up to supply the demands of IButte and oth'-r sections of the state, the visitors realized what a tremendous circulation th,, Inter Mountain has In Montana. 'The visit was a pleasant incident to the busy workers on the paper, andl the cordial appreclation the callers gave to their en trtainers mmade the visit one of the most de·lightful oicia.sons in the twenty onlle years of the Inter Mountain's life. SHORTTST ROUTE TO MANILA. a Itesidenls of Seattle jubilhiile over the Q fact that the Seouond country has been t favored by nature and gilven at position c on the map 1700 niles ntearerr Mlanilea 9 than has Sanl Franti'sco( or other points Oln I'le south coasI')tl Thie Cexperts Viwhol havee\' figured out tho problems of weoun travetl say that the' distanc'tle trciaveled in goinhg to M annlu f'rom Sal Franiseo'O by d way of Honolulu Is 7731 miles. Thiis Is 1700 miles lonIger, than the' rollute fro'm Suuttle to Manila by waiy eof Yiekohamica. Thei dlffrncerel'e in distance hotwl\ieen the Oast cit('ie's andti the' prilnl'llatl Lort in lour lnewi' .'ossessions i is re.itrd'cIt as an ien menset. handalep in favor' iof Seattie, t whtiere it Is bel ve t'h' trade ofl itle Northwi' I ,est will .teek tihe sholeti's.t Iatlh. ey iearo.s Ithe seai., Judge loeyle said yesterltlday in his pilile coaurt that the offlicense' o men charged wcith stealing coal was not L more t'serious tillill that iof coatl Ieaclerse whII gave short welight. While tlile' result of thie cogltutiulns of lButte's plleihe Judge are hitellirestlng, to say the least they , shoculdl not be used biy himc as a labais upon Which 'to rest a;l excuse for petty thieving. The laws whlch the city court administers are nut construed with retfer ence to the Imotive for the act or other justif'ttlcon. The guilt or innocence of the accuseed .are the only matters touchled by his authority as polilc( Judge,.. This widelt dlfference In the duties of a ipolice magistrate and other courts of law is not co generally respected Ihat i)lic:e judges are considered competent authur tles on c'rime and its deg'rees. There was not a point between the oceans yesterday Where patriotic Ameri cans did not join 'Ide the exercises of "MclKinley day." The lesasn in patriot ism taugllt was an insplraitloln to the young and was cheering to those who believe that the labors of public men are not In vain and the honor and dis tinction of 'their su'ccesses are not soon forgotten. It is suspected that the discovery of tile alleeged diamond fields in Fergus county wase trumped up to offset the effect of discovery of diamonds In the railway depot at Glendive. A dlishonest motive seems to have been 'back of both well-la'ld plans, but so far none of rthe toffenders have been caught and punished as they deserve. The tribute paid William McKinley by Montana's governor in 'thie columllns of yesterday's Inter Mountain expressed the sentiments of the people of the state. There was not a discordant note in the proceedings of the day. It was an occasion to which Montana'ls citi zens may look back with pride in future years. The Lincoln Republican club of Ana conda will resume its program of active operations in the political field, begin ning teorlght. The club has accomplished resitfts in the past that testify strongly to the efficacy of orlganizatlon in politi cal battles. Every city in the state should have a sinlilar organisation. The aouisville Courier-Journal seems on the verge of being converted to the protective system. Its editor will add another mark to this long list of brilliant triumphs if hie succeeds in breaking the spell free trade has placed upon him. Yesterday was a day of parriotisnm. Inl every section of the country "McKinley day" was observed, 'ecntributions were made to the memorial fund, and the love of country found expression in earnest 'thought and sincere speech. Patr!otim found free expression among the 'working force of the Inter Mountain yesterday w'hen every person enployed in and about tie newspaper joined In a contribution to the McKinley memorial fund. The iceman, the plumber ttnd the dlealer in seasonable gatlrments seem to see the index finger of the hand of Pnovildence pointing In their direction as the mercury d'rops toward 'the bulb. JUDGE KNOWLES' TEMERITY Leulloratone Journal.] There was a terrible thing happened In Judge Knowles' court the other day and but for the presence of mind of the judge there is no guessing what .ald1 have been the results. It came ulpljt one of the interminable cases on Ippeal from Butte, that a unique crisis was reached. The merits of the case are trivial In comparison with the situa tion it brought about but It may be ex pilined that it was a disbarment, otse brought against a Butte attorney by p. citizen who claimed that he had bge i confldenced out of several thousant doý lars by the misrepresentations o. the attorney. In the resultant "geeinr~' and "hawing" that the matter t wa subjected to in Judge Knowles' ,court a point was reached where a notion was made by the prosecution contelnq lating certain action by the court. In stantly the opposing counsel were on their feet-there were three of them-all calling the court's attention to the fact that in the hundreds of thousands of cases recited in the law literature of the land, there was no precedent. ('on sternation immediately enveloped the surroundings. Such a situation was par alyzing to the oldest practitioner present and the newly admitted barristers for the moment experienced a rude shaking of their faith. For a timne no one dared to break the silence. The court and the prosecution, It seemed corncurred In the alleged existence of the awful hiatus that had unwittingly perhaps, been ripped open in the presence of the court, while the defense, as if realizing the enormity of its offense in thus Iaring to 'public gaze one of the deepest mysteries of a rlost mysterious profession, stood with hrrowed heads as if awaiting sentence. 13ut the surprise was not to end here. Shocked as were all pr'esent, and while thrs standing in thre prrsence of a con dition that is only whispered about by the supremely elect, these fated Individ uals were to be subjected to a still great er strain, for-after due deliberation-the v ice of Judge Knowles was heard, solemn and low as becanme the situation, but with a ring of stern dbtermination in it nevertheless, and he said: "If there is no precedent," and the tone admitted that there was not, "then I will make one," and before the horrified law yers could intervene to prevent this al most impious act, the thing was done, and blanched with terror and wondering why .the judge had not been whisked away in a blue flame, the terrified barris ters fled to the safety of the open air. Judge Knowles has done many cour ageous things in his term on the henoh. He has taken many a halting custom by the slack of the breeches and yanked it into shape, but this-so far as we know is the first time he has "established a precedent." If every judge did this which In fact means nothing more nor less than applying existing conditions to existing facts and adjudging the same by the rule of common sense-what a poor market there would be for the law pub lications of the present day which are at best only the transcript (of a more or less unbroken tale of precedents. We com pliment Judge Knowles on his temerity. What Will the Harvest Be? I Morrow County (Ohio) Sentinel.] If Farmer Bryan never sows anything else he will have the knowledge that he has sown a vast amount of discord in the democratic party. Pessimistic Philadelphia. (Philadelphia Ledger.] Forty years ago people were wondering whether it would ever be possible to get a railroad through to the Pacific oast. Forty years hence the isthmian canals mnal have developed in like manner. Three -thosand dlolhlars In counterfeit money, seized in PIrto lioh. Is the most r';' ent evidence t('dllinlg to prove the natives of that island are entehingon to Ith ways of easy noniey making. The ( hinese exclusion bill is likely to go through congress with such speed that f'resident ltoosev\lt will have thel ple.tsule of iElgllnig tih meinasure stveral weeks Iwforle ihe expected to. -------- I 'Unless Plinoe Ilently isvlhes to risk his Ipopularity alit the vsry beginning *f hl visit, he would better put the fifty valu able gifts under lock and key until the day before he leaves. The bill for the purpose of backing up the sttver dollar with gold will strengthen the currency syste(nI, and unustlal du.o cot'atic opposition pr'ovs that the enas ure has merit. In his appeal 'to the president, Admiral Schley seemns very naturally to place re Ilance upon the Judgment of Admiral Dewey in matters pertaining to the in luiry ibarid. Schley's arm 'is s(re from excessive hand-shaking. iHe will not stand in need of sympathy unlesu the swelling in his arm displays a tendency to extend to his head. All democrats in rangress who Vote for the army appropriation bills will' be blushed 'for with all the 'hectk thorough ness of which their colleagues are capa ble. The guessing contest concerning the identity of aldernmanic candidates is warming up as April approaohes. The prediction made by the weather bureau that the backbone of the cold wave is broken is welcome news. It Depends on the "Liver." [New York World.] The vegetarians say a mall may live a hundred years on vegetables and cold water. But is it worth while? No More Worlds to Conquer. [New York World.] The time may not be far distant when Mr. Morgan will weep because there are no more great interests to consolidate. Rather, Who Can He WhipP [San Francisco Chroniole.] The sultan of Turkey is said to be 'pre paring for war. The question which most concerns Europe, however, is: Who is the sultan's angel? In Memorium. [Baltimore American.] Coincident with the anti-long-haired Indian order comes the announcement that Buffalo Bill will shear his waving locks. Good-by, glorious past! In Atlanta. [Washington Post.] Atlanta is a good town and some day may be automobile size, but an effort should be made to break her men of the habit of wearing their evening clothes in daytime. Postman and President. [New York World.] Congress 'has already passed laws mak Ing it a federal crime to assault a letter carrier while on duty. That it has power to protect a postman, but not a president is a proposition that proclaims Itself pre posterous. south Carolina Growing Considerate. [Louisville Courier-Journas.] After July 1, 1902, the only kind of pistol that can be sold lawfully In South Caro lina will be 22 inches long and weighing not 'less than three pounds. Under such conditions South Carolina statesmen will probably continue to rely on the pitch fork. PE'RSOVAL, The king of Sweden is regarded as one of the most learned men in Europe. King Oscar can speak and write per fectly in seven different languages. Tev. (;eorge Renaud, who died in Bath. England, recently at the age of 87, was formerly a well known tutor, and among his pupils were Lord Rosebery, the earl of Aberdeen, Lord Methuen and Lord George Hamilton. Mr. Spooner of Wisconsin was telling a story to some colleagues in the senate restaurant the other day, when one of his hearers asked: "Isn't that one of Chaunce.y Depew's yarns?" "Not yet," Was Spooner's dry\answer. Anton Lang, who took the part of Christ in the Oberammergau play last summer, was parried on Christmas to the girl who sang the "mystical song." Her father is Jacob Rutz, the village blacksmith and leader of the chorus. General Otis, commander of the de partment of the lakes, will not be trans ferred to San Francisco, but will re main at his present post of duty until March 27. when he will reach the age limit and will be retired from active duty. August Olssler, governor of the Island of Cocos, a Costa Rican possession, Is visiting In Chicago. The islani is famous in connection with the operation., of the buccaneers of the Spanish main, and is the reputed hiding place for milllons of their ill-gotten treasure. Mr. GLssler has held his office since 1897, What More Could She WantP [Atlanta Constitution.] Mrs. Pat Campbell's tour has been one of the most ssuccessful millinery displays ever presented on the American stage. Profitable Attention. [Chrlatlan Endeavor World.] The man that attends strictly to his own business may have less -business to attend to, but it will pay his larger divi dends. ALL THE MONEY IN WORLD [New York Mall and Express.] In 1873 the world's stock of money con slsted of $1,209,800,000 in gold, $1,057,685, 000 in silver and $2,322,545,000 in uncovered paper, or about $4,600,000,000 in all. Un covered paper includes notes in excess of metallic reserves held for their secur ity, the latter being virtually in circula tion through their paper representatives. In 1890 the total stock of money had in creased to $11,600,000,000, of which $4,841, 000,000 was gold, $3,818,900,000 silver and $2,960,100,000 uncovered paper. This shows an approximately equal increase in gold and silver, while that in paper currency is relatively small. It is to be remerp bered that in India and China and most of the 'East the bulk of the money ir, circulation is silver. Taking the last year, the largest total stock of money of any one nation was that of the United States, amounting to $1,020,200,000 gold, $643,300,000 silver and $336,600,000 uncovered paper, and the next largest that of France. The amount per capita of population was larger in France, being $37.03, against $26.21 In this country, but there is nothing like the same use of bank cheeks and drafts in France as here. Of the per capita amount in this coun try $13.37 is gold, $8.43 silver and $4.41 paper, making gold somewhat more than half. In France the proportion is still larger, notwithstanding a considerable use of legal tender silver, being $21.05 gold to $10.94 of silver and $5.04 of bank notes. In Great Britain the stock of money consists of $486,700,000 In gold, $111,900,000 sliver, wholly subsidiary coin, and $112, 3800,000 consisting of notes of the Bank Fort I}enton-A chinook wind struck` the range here yesterday and warmed the atmosphere. Missoula-The Horticultural society will have a meeting here in February. ix-Governor Smith will deliver an ad dress at one of the sessions. Liyingston-The trial of J. C. Bishop for the murder of Chet Cunningham 'is the absorbing topic here. The jury will probably get the case tomorrow. Missoula-Houston Parsons broke through the ice while skating on the Missoula river yesterday, but held to the edges of It until assistance reached him. Missoula-Willlam Dolbeer and family had a narrow escape from suffocation by smoke at their home near the Band mann toll bridge a few days ago. It was due to an attempt to prevent vegetables In the cellar from freezing. Missoula-There are some smallpox patients at Lynch's lumber camp, but it is difficult to keep them under quaran tine. Lynch isfeeding the men, but ex pects the county 'to reimburse him. Great Falls-The "Rube" bicycle trick rider whose "Hello, Bill," during the summer season echoed from one side of the state to the other, particularly in Butte, Is In jail in Sfokhane on a charge of larceny. Miles City-H. C. Howard, a sheep ralser residing near Gaylord, says the recent cold snap did not injure the sheep 'industry. James Gentry, an old cowboy, says he has not seen cattle look so well in 20 years. Big Timber-Elsie West, daughter of Edward West, was discovered today to he suffering from the effects of small pox. She became ill at school Monday afternoon. She has been taken to her home on the Boulder. Helena-The Helena division of the Montana Fish and Game Protective as sociation has prepared resolutions criti cising the official conduct of W. F. Scott, the state gaume warden, and will present them to CGovernorl Toole. Helena-An effort Is being made to have Governor Toole take steps towards attempting to secure for the state a por tion of the east side of the Crow Indian reservation, a part of which it is thought, will be thrown open to settle ment inside of a year. Ioulder.-Virgil P. Dickinson, who says he is a deserter from the United States army, surrendered to the sheriff here yesterday. He says he was sta tioned at Fort Assinaboine. He will be taken to Fort Harrison today. He Is young, being not more than 22 years. Missoula-At a gathering of Odd Fel lows last night W. E. Bancroft was pre sented with a veteran's jewel for having been a member of the lodge 25 years without being suspended for failure to pay dues. Judge Woody delivered the presentation apeech. M lnoula-Men are working on the city's water supply ditch with a view of increasing the flow of water. It is believed that a big leak exists some where along the veins, as 4,600,000 gallons of water enter the reservoir every 24 hours, enough to supply a city twice the size of Missoula. Boulder-A strike of high grade ore is said to have been made in the Baltimore mine, three miles northwest of this city. Sam Markley owns the property, but it is being worked under lease by William Owsley of Butte and I. D. Prickett of Boulder. The vein is said to be five feet wide. Red Lodge-The residence of Sheriff Potter was partly destroyed by fire Tuesday night during the absence of Mr. and Mrs. Potter at a dance. The blaze was discovered by the 5-year-old Potter boy, who had been put to bed be fore Mr. and Mrs. Potter left. The lad ran from the house with a bed quilt around him and gave the alarm. "All the World's a Stage." [St. Louis Globe Democrat.] Owing to the steady increase of popu lation over the earth, three persons now occupy the space formerly allotted to one. It will soon be time to display the standing-room sign. of England and a few provincial banks. The per capita amount Is $11.96 In gold, $2.75 silver and $2.75 paper, or $17.46 in all. The volume Is larger In Germany, both absolutely and in proportion to popula tion, the former being $697,900,000 gold, $208,400,000 silver and $173,800,000 paper, a total of $1,080,100,000 and the per capita $13.35, $3.98 and $3.32, a total of $20.65. These comparisons indicate in a general way a difference among the leading c(om nercial nations in the use of credit In struments In place of money. Australasia is credited with no paper currency, and a per capita of $29.93 in money: $28.58 consists of gold and $1.35 of silver. In the South Africa colonies, too, the circulation is nearly all gold, being $17.50 per head in Cape Colony and $326.54 In the South African Republic, or Orange and Vaal River colonies, while in Indfa It is mostly silver and only about $1.50 for each of 296,000,000 people. China is little better off, with $1.98 per capita, all silver. It is an interesting fact that the increase In the world's production of gold just about keeps pace with the demand for money. Do 't Commiserate Russell Yet. Russell Sage has been chucked under the chin by a strange woman. It seems our mllllonalres do get it in the neck occasionally. A Royal Gift. (Omaha World-Herald.] And In the meanwhile it will be strange if Mlss Roosevelt does not put in some time wondering what that present from the emperor Is. Easily 'Remo.ed From the Teeth This week we give you a tooth brush and a bottle of Dr. Dichard son's tooth powder for I2c. A tooth brush and a bottle of Newhro's Witch Hasel Dentifrice for 25c. Two articles for the price of one NEWBRO DRU(i CO North Main St.. Butte. Largest Drug House In the State SFOR TMI CO LLkION Used by the ladies of all clvilized nations of the earth. At Ten Below * It Takes a * Warm Sign 20 To Stop 'Em. IS WE PAINT THAT KIND I " Schatzlein Paint Co. sI W. Broadw'y !- . ANbE Ti1 Travel During the Wall and Winter easaon The journey to the East s.a halt Lake City and along the sbcaes of the Great halt Lake through beautiful Glenwood, Colorado Springs and Denver is one of un. interrupted delight in winter as well as summer. In fact. the fall and winter sease.. '4 bu a aew grandeur and charm to the travel scenes and Infuses an element of variety and beauty to the unsur passable wonders along the Rio Grande Western and Denver & Rio Grande lines. Through Sleeping and Dlnin Car service. Personally conducted ~eekly exoursions. For rates or information apply to, Tlatkt Offlm W. r. MERBRS 47 E. Broadway, Butte. Gen. Agent GEORGE W. HEINTZ, Assistant Gen. Pass. ALt, Salt Lake City. TOURIST CARS? OF COURSE. The St. Louis Special, the over lant flyer, via the Northern Pa cific and Burlington railroads, car ries tourist cars as well as sleep ing, dining and free reclining chair cars. The tourist cars go to Kansas City. The rest of the train runs through to St. Louis. $3.50 buys a berth in the tourist car, Butte to Kansas City, and sec ond class tickets are good In it. Drop in and let us give you more Information about the St. Louis Special. PHIL DMNlIIT S AgeEnt 1f1 gat iroedwav, uhte. Mont. I Richards T11 BUTTE UNDERTAKER Prastical Updesteirpr and. mbalmere. 140 W. Park St., Butte. beone 307.