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DAILY INTER MOUNTAIN
181ued Every Evening, Except Sunday. INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLISHINO CO. Address all mall to Inter Mountain Publishing company, M. A. BERGER, Manager, 26 West Granite Street. Butte. Mont. Officilal Paper of Silver Bow County and City of Butte. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Per year, by mal in advance...... $7.50 By carrier, per month.............. .7 MONDAY, FEBRUAItY 17, 1902. PEACE IN Tilt PARTY. Republican newspapers in till sections of Montana have indorsed the sugges tlions of the Inter Mountain respecting the necessity of republican harmony as a condition precedent to success at the polls. Unity means victory in the re publican ranks, because as far as lssueu are concerned the democrats are at sea, without rudder, sails or compass. Every republican in Montana knows what the principles of his party are and is proud of them. If any democrat or democratic newspaper can define demo cratic principles or support them in fair argument, no demonstration of the fact is on record. The present prosperity of the people of the United States'is due to the economic policies of the republican party enacted into law. Protection, reciprocity, expalnslon, goot government, have brought about an era of peace and plenty. The people realize fully that democratlic rule would have brought an opposite condition. As a re suit of demoneratic discouragement and incapacity, that party has resolved itself into a number of cliques and factions, each under opposing leadership and each advocating opposite principles, or having nlone at all. The sole hope of democracy rests In a policy of carping, disgruntled, 411-tempered crlticism of succe'ssful and victorious republicanism. In the absence of principles upon which democrats can unite, the democratic effort is dl sected solely to the creation of trouble In republican ranks based upon personal issues, the hope beingi that national and political issues relating to the welfare and happiness of the people will be over. looked. It Is a forlorn hope. Itepubli cans may at times disagree as to trllles, but on the issues which make for na tional greatness they are harmonious, confident, jubtlant and satisfied. What. ever personal disagreements there may be among republicans will be settled by republicans. Theirs is the party in which the rank and file are paramount and the offlceholders subservient. The men of the republican party did not join it that any man or men might have ollce, but because its principles, crystallized duto law, meant material progress, abun dant employment at American wages, and a market for the products of Ameri can labor. Harmony in the ranks Is essential to the supremacy of republican lsm, and the people have a right to insist that all personal disputes be relegated to th,.m for adjustment. This may not suit the democrats in view of their own demoralization, but that can't be helped, and It doesn't make much difference. Let them sit on the fence and see the procession go by, or else announce some lrinciples which promise better results to the people. THE BUTTE POSTOIrIC!, The delay in the matter of the Butte postmastership appointment is probably due to the fact that there being no known opposition to Mr. Irvin, no time will be required for the settlement of any rivalries. It is In evidence that every important public and private in terest of the community has Indorsed Mr. Irvin for re-appointment. The busl nesc men, mining companies and labor organizations are a unit in his favor. That fact has had undoubted weight with the department at Washington. The matter has been referred to the State republican committee, according to report, and if that be true, Chairman Auld may soon be expected to announce the committee's action. The entire state of Montana is being canvassed by Inter Mountain solicitors. Its present circulation of over 10,000 copies daily is increasing with every mail. In Butte and vicinity, as well as in Eastern and Southern Montana, the Inter Mountain leads all its esteemed cotemporaries. Advertisers are always welcome at the office at press time-4 o'clock-where they can see for them Selves the number of papers printed and sent out. Senator Gibson has promised to look out for the interests of western wool growers. Should tjhe senator fall asleop at his post, the republican party will be found awake to the needs of Montana flokmasters. If the plans of the Great Northern road are carried out, the Milk river val ley will get the cream of the Montana .mlminration this spring. Oarrie Chapman Catt wants a Woman's postage r`tamp. It Is probably her Impression that only in tihis way can women of her stamp secure equal lights with the male , KENTUCKIYV r.EAM ISrATtMlAN. Congressman Wheeler of Kentucky, who delivered a tirade on Friday against the proposed reception of Prince Henry and against any observance of Inter national courtesy in the matter of the coronation of the king of England, awoke the next morning to find himself In famous. Wheeler reflected no credit on himself, his party, his state or his country. His speech was chiefly remarkable for its ignorance and ill-breeding. The coarse epithet of "little Dutchman,' which he applied to Prince Henry, showed how little he knows of the map of Europe. His allusions to the visits of distin guihed foreigners who have come to this country int the past showed his lank of a common school education. His re marks about a young girl whose desire to witness a coronation, has been granted by her father, who happens to be presi dent of the United States, was ill-timed and discourteous in the extreme. If the man has a particle of shame he must have f.It most keenly the remarks made by Congressman Glrosvenor In correcting his citations from history and reprl manding his boorishness in objecting to an exolcange of International courtesy. Who does not remember when General Grant went round the globe and was reeetved everywhere with the most dis tinguished consideralion-who does not remember how proud the American piopi, were of his reception. In all this round world there was not a single Wheeler to rie up and object to the honors shown the illustrious American. Both Turkey and China vied with the elvilized nations in their greeting of the hero of Appomattox. It has remained for Kentucky to pro due, ait man who in his disregard of the requirements of personal and Inter national courtesy has no equal on earth. Wheeler is not worth the space he will probably receive from the American press. REPORT ON LABOR CONDITIONS. Ils(wwhere on this page will be found tihe cuoncludlng recommendations of the industrial committee ilplpointed three years ago to investigat labllor conditions in this country. The entire report has been submitted and It le full of valuable Information, but the recommendations based on the commnittee's findings are of particular Interest and are Iiow made public in llitntana for the first time. The Intter Mountain suggests to the laboring men of the state the careful perusal of what the conmmittee says in conclusion. Other Interesting portions of the report will be published in these columns to iloarow. The report says: "The commission are of opinion that a simple statute ought to be enacted by all the tinlates to regulate thet lenlgth of tihe working day for young persons in factories (Ilcllnng by 'young persons' those below the age of majority and 14); and in view of the entire absence of protetooll now accorded by the laws of imany states to children of tender years we ihink that the employment of chiil dreni in ti'l'tories In any capacity, or for anlly timnge. under tile Kge of 14, should be prohibited. "Under the intllstate ('comtn(rce i )power congress Ingllt well enact that no per son under 18 should be employed as a telegraph opelrator upon railroads, fol lowing the Colorado and (etorgia stat utes, and that all engineers and switch men should submit to an examination for color-blindness; also that It be made a milsdelmeanor for all engineer or switc·hmnan to be intoxicated while on duty. "A simple and liberal law regulating the payment of labor should be adopted In all the stateNs, providing that laborers shall be paid, for all labor' performed, In cash or cash orders, without discoujnt. "Provisions for the fair weighing of c'oal at mines before passing over a screen or other device, in order that the miner may be compensated for all toal having a market value, should be adtlopted; and the mnllers should have the privllege of elnployllg a check weigh man at their own expense. "The question of the enforcement of the labor contract by injunction or con tempt In equity process is a very dilli cult one, ninnly so made by the abuses which have arisen from injunctions care lessly issued by learned judges or by the unlearned judges of inferior courts In states which confuse chancery and com mon law jurisdiction. The injunction is a high prerogative writ, and should be awarded only aftt. the most careful ex amination by a tribunal thoroughly com petent. Wherever possible, anit wher ever the transaction complained of is a simple criminal offense, it should be left to the jurisdiction of the local criminal courts, aided, if necessary, by the police or military authorities; but when the case is one which is properly a subject of equity jurisdiction, and where issuance of an injunction is really necessary to prevent Irreparable loss or wrong, it seems to be going too far to say thet no contempt of the Injunction shall be pun ished without all the delays and safe guards of an ordinary jury trial. It might be well to limit punishment for contempt to imprisonment for a brief period, but equity courts must not be deprived of the power to protect them selv'es and make their decrees respected. There should be no unnecessary deplrt ure from the time-honored principle that the contract of personal service cannot be specifically enforced, because to do so entails a condition of practical slavery." On the subject of railway labor, which is undoubtedly covered by the Inter states powers of congress, the commi sion is of opinion that congress shouI adopt a consistent code of law regulating all matters concerning employment in that industry. "The use of private police detectives, or other armed bodies of hired men, gen erally imported from one state to an other, to repel a strike or defend Nrop erty, or newly engaged employes, in times of labor trouble, has aroused the anxious attention of many state Jegie latures, some of which have gone to the length of passing laws of doubtful con stitutionality forbidding the passage of persons from one state to another for the purpose of such protection. This matter lies probably within the poweraj HARMONY IN *fPUBLICAINI RANKS -II l'ia~h Times.] The Butte Inter Mountain, in seveslI heart-to-heart talks, has not only gtvry the republican leaders some w'holesp. advice, but has crystallized the sag,. ments of the rank and file of the r -e~b lican party. We regret that we ca.-bt print these articles in full almolst a much as we regret our inability te.MX press similar views, held by us rolwr the first, with the clearness and abnly which the Inter Mountain displaye In substance, it asks for republican harmony in Montana; that the leadts get together and work for party good, official recognition being made a sc. ondary matter; that if each faction will not concede a conference brought with a full determination to settle the mls understanding once for all, the whole matter to be left to the various ,pri marlies and conventions, the actions of which be made final, and the will of the majority be made supreme; that re publicans of the Goddard and Sanders class be given recognition, but that those who would disrupt the party by an un willingness to concede the will of the majority be barred from party councils. The Inter Mountain plainly shows that republican policies have caused Mon tana to progress regardless of its demo cratic state administration whose hands are tied so that democratic fallacles could not injure the growth of the state. This Is sense of the most appreciable kind. Few Montana republicans of the rank and file doubt the wisdom of such wholesome advice. Let the leaders get together, at least conceding that the will of the conventions shall stand as the line of action upon which democracy must be unitedly fought. 'T'hls can and must be done. The con ventions, to begin with, must be so con ducted as to command the respect of the most critical observers. No dishonesty or selflshness must creep in. The dele gates may be determined to win proper recognition for their various leaders, but when the vote Is nnnounced no bad humor rmust he allowed and the majority must be generous with the minority. In other words, unity must be the watch word and the minority-upon whatever lines the convention issues are fought must be willing to work hard for the support of the ticket, knowing that loyalty by them shall receive just rec ognition. Democratie onlllrokers and democratleic sympathizers, rio nmattr if tlhey have the effrontory to even claim they are "straight republicans," must not be allowed the sweet morsel of com fort from any republican row. Neither faction must attempt to drive sncrh men as iex-Senators Carter' and itanders, Judge Goddard, Mr. Webster or Mr. 'Murray from the' republican ranks. That would be suicidal. It would be the most gratifying thing to the Helena Herald, the Butte Mincr and other democratic workers the republicans of' Montana could do. The republiqcan party of Montana is not only proud of of congress, and a reasonable statute to prevent abuses shou!d be enacted. "In coinctlusion, the co'rmissim on would recommend the establishment by all the states of labor business or commission ern, who shall, bsildes their local duties as now defined, he charged with that of exc .:,nging their statistics and reports and of convening at least once a year in natillnal conference for general consul to tion, which inatlonal conference should have power to submit directly to con gress its recommlendations for such fed eral legislation as it majority of the state commissioners mtay deem advisable, and shall also submit to all the states, through the commissioners of each sep arate state, their recommendations for' such uniform state statutes upon labor subjects as may seem wise and desir able." E'R SOJVAL, j Miss Elizabeth Nixon of San FranciSco has the finest collection of pipep in America. They include specimens from many parts of the world, including China Japan and the Philippines. They are kept on racks which are fringed with leather and decorated with Oriental colns. Mrs. David B. Stamp of Finchville, N. Y., who celecbrated 'her 108th birthday on Saturday, lived at Fishkill when Robert Fulton's steamboat made Its first strip, Mrs. Stamp remembers the incident Lanl well enjoys telling of the excitement the spectacle caused in the village. She en joys fair health. Mrs. Mollie Moore Davis, the writer of magazine stories, has apartments in a quaint and romantic part of narrow old Royale street, New Orleans. The fame of her "Friday in February" has gone beyond the gates of -that city, and in her saloon frequently assemble persons of note from all over the country. Iiussell Sage employs a ".bouncer" now adays-'a giant who stands within reach of every one admitted to the aged mil lianaire's private office. The other day a man while taking to Mr. Sage reached for his hip pockest. The bouncer had him in an iron grip in about a second. The man was only reaching for a handker chief. With her increasing years Mrs. Hetty Green seems to take on more cynicism. She visited Boston a few days ago on legal business connected with her father's will and was asked by an old friend' s to the cause of her visit. The multi-million aire made answer thus: "Same old cause. The lawyers know I am rich, and so they make trouble for me." S5* The Georgia commission has informally agreed upon Alexander H. Stephens, the congressman, and Dr. Crawford W. Long as the discoverer of anaesthesia, for the subjects of the state's two statutes to be placed in Statuary hall in the Capitol at Washington. The selection cannot 'be definitely ratified until a meeting of the commissioners, to be held in July.., each of these mene and needs their dis rretion and leadership, but is satisfied that not one of them but compares most favorably with the democratic pollticianus of this state, mentally and morally. And all of them must work in unison, not that the party of this state shall be the property of any one of them or comblait tion of them, but instead be a grand organization of good citiaens who desire good leaders too unselfish to wreck the party for personal ends. We do not be lieve that a single one of these men will bolt the ticket or sulk in camp because he cannot control the party patronage, after the conventions have named can didates and outlined party policies. The rank and file of the republican party understands what it wants in the nature of leaders, and it will disclose its will when the conventions meet. The leaders hereafter who demonstrate their unselfish devotion to the country and the party; who do not depend upon office for their bread and butter; who are able and vigorous and generous; who can and will show magnanimity of those who have given offense or who have seen things honestly in a different light; who can exercise patience with those whom they deem have been In error; who can help select good men for office and push them with force enough to help them In; who can devise good measures of leg Islation and produce or promote their enactment; who can, in short, show that they are leaders in truth as well as in amrne, will hereafter hold the atten tion and affection of the people. We believe that the conventions will settle all differences of agreement be tween republican leaders. After the con ventions have spoken, we do not believe that loyal republicans will permit per sonal selfishness to aid democratic suc crss. If any there be, who place self albove party good, such men should be branded as party traitors. Of course, the Helena Herald attacks the Inter Mountain and all others in their efforts to bring about party unity and party success. That was to be ex pt.ectd. It cares only for republican de feat, and is doing more for democratic success than any other democratic or gan. Of such the republican party is glad to rid itself. It deserves no recog nition. It Is endeavoring to weaken the republican party by assaulting many of its most trusted leaders, and by taking old-time republicans like Sanders, God dard and Murray out of the pa.ty. Every republican sees in it only a charm on Senator Clark's watch chain. The republican party of Montana and of the nation needs its Carter, Webster, Sanders. Goddard and Murray. And we do not doubt that when the next state convention has adjourned the people will lind each of these able and patriotic men fighting loyally and earnestly, in union, for republican success. That is what the republican party of Montana will demand-and no man in Montana is greater than the party. .. . _ L. . -. .. _ _. .. .. In Lively Philipaburg. (Philipsburg Call.) The one great industry of Granite, county which will for all time create a ready home market for the products of the great agricultural portion of the val ley is the mining industry, which today, as far as its development Is concerned is but in its infancy. There are several new promising dis trlcts in the county in which consider able development work will be done dur Ing the present year. There will be considerable activity around the old Royal district, while everything points to the exploitation of the great Sunrise and Combination prop erties during the year. Needs New Department. [Boston Journal.] The approaching acquisition of the Danish West Indies adds force to th.ý suggestion of the wisdom of instituting a department of insular affairs, to have general charge of all the Insular pos sessions of the United States. The insti tution of such a department would in sure a higher degree of system and uni formity in island administration. ISTHMIAN CANAL HEADWINDS [Minneapolis Journal.] General Reyes, a delegate from Colom bia to the Pan-American congress and a candidate for the presidency of that re public, said yesterday that Colombia will give the United States full control of the canal territory and a guaranteed title, and is ready to duplicate any concessions Nicaragua can make. There is no doubt that the United States of Colombia wants the canal, and wants it very badly. There is also no doubt that Colombia may be induced to grant the right of way and control of the territory for a deal less than $1,000,000 a year, which 'has been suggested. Colombia wants the money, but she would lower her price on sober second thought, that thought being the security from diurnal revolutions in the state of Panama, which would be affairs of the past with the United States in absolute control of the territory. Such control Is worth very much more than a million dollars to Colombia in the relief she would have from the activities of her tumultuary citizens. That can all be arranged very easily, if congress de cldes to go ahead with due celerity to order the ship canal built according to the recommendation of the Walker com mission. And here comes in a remarkable in stance of the eccentricities of the Ameri can congress. Congress has appropriated $1,000,000 fr the use of a commission of engineering experts, appointed by the president for the purpose of making an expert examination of all the possibly available canal routes from Honduras down to the extreme southern limit of the Isthmus of Darien. It might be In ferred that this expert examination would settle the question of routes; but it didn't. The gentlemen who have conceived the Idea that there is only one canal route across the territory connecting the North and South American continents, in spite of the resulting testimony of the regu larly appointed canal commission, whose competency for the work has, not been questioned, stick to their choice, although none of them claims to be an expert en gineer, and give evidence of obstructive tactics. A half dozen other routes are proposed. The Atrato-Napipi and the San Bias and the Darien routes have been trotted out again and advocated, just as if the sub ject of routes has not been thoroughly In vestigated by unbiased expert engineers. Is congress going to order another com mission on routes and keep canal con struction a barren ideality, or will It ac cept the recommendation of its own com mission of experts and arrange for the construction of the ship canal at as early a day as possible? The nation has been dillydallying over this subject for nearly or fully half a century, and, just as we get the report of a thoroughly competent commission, which has examined every conceivable route, carrying a strong recommendation of the Panama route, the question of routes is declared to be an open one! Verily, if this congress fails to pass a ship canal bill, it will deserve the con demnation of the whole country. The proposed compromise canal bill, which would throw the decision of route upon the president, is a pitiful move ment for evasion of its obvious duty by congress. The president should not be compelled to take the responsibility. The experts to be appointed to investigate routes and bring in a decision have done their duty, and it is a very petty husi ness for congress to attempt to shirk its duty. --;mel- -- un Boulder.-James Pore, an old resident of this place and a native of ngland, is dead." 6** Boulder.-This town Jp avwlng a run of elokness that hab restUted to many fa tajities. *e* Red Lodge.-The unlons qf this place have removed the boycott placed on A. L. Babcook of Billings last May. Helena.-P. H. Manning of East Helena has had an attack of mental abberatlon, and had to be placed in the county Jail. Lewlstown.-The miners and employes of the Central Montana Mines company at Spotted Horse and Whisky Gulch have been vaccinated, Helena.-The announcement is made that low rates for homeseekers from the East go into effect on the Great North ern and Northern Pacific tomorrow. Helena--R. C. Pierce's "Hey Rube" bowling team defeated the team cap tained 'by W. R. Church, Saturday night. Gaines made the highest individual score of 200. Dillon.-It is reported that the large general mercantile establishment of J. P. Lossi, in the Big Hole Basin, has been destroyed by fire. Loss $20,000, mostly insured. Great Falls.-Dr. E. L. Anthony of Stockett has been engaged by the county commissioners to act as health officer for both Stockett and Sand Coulee, at $350 a year. Helena.-The fund for the new band has reached the sum of $846.50, and will probably soon strike the desired $1,000 mark. The capital city will have one of the finest musical organisations in the West. Livingston.-Equipped with its tecently received Springfield rifles, company E of the Montana National Guard 4s doing splendid drill work, under the direction of Captain Walah, and is steadily on the increase. Missoula.-The Concatenated Order of Hoo Hoos, which admits only lumber men and newspaper men to its member ship, owned this city Saturday night. The first lodge of the order in Montanr was organized with 30 charter members. Livingston.-On his return from a drive from Gardiner to Mammoth Hot Springs in the National park, Sam A. Garber says he once had to stop the team to avoid running over and killing a number of antelope which blocked the road. Pretty good. -Red Lodge.-Judge Frank Henry, when hie opens district court here tomorrow will find the largest calendar in the history of the court since the creation of Carbon county. Interest centers in the appeal of James Lesman, who was recently fined $200 for refusing to bury his sister. Great Falls.-After a vain attempt to prove that he was insane, Fred Malmore pleaded guilty to the charge of forgery: William Shultz, a Butte furrier, was here Saturday, and identified certain furs in Mrs. Malmore's possession, which he claims were stolen from him when Mr. and Mrs. Maimnore were living in Butte. She will probably be prosecuted. It was found that Maimore's real name Is Carl C. Weymer. He claims he changed to Maimore because a red-headed girl of Helena fell in love with him and he wanted to escape her. Easily Daunted. [Dallas News.] If some men should happen to meet one of their appointments they would run from it. Shall We Do ItP [New York Evening Post. It is a serious question which the sen ate now has to pass upon. Shall we ac quire another group of islands, to be elther neglected or treated in the same way that we treat the Inhabitants of the Philippines, Porto Rico and Cuba? Chiag. which will ap peal to the purchaser ,The Newbro Drug Co. has re ceatly experienced a complete olmsnge In management, and as a re. cult, a pleasant surprise is in store for the many patrons of this always popular hquae. We recognlse the fact that a dol lar must have greater purchasing power at present, than it has had in the past. To meet this issue we have re duced our price one-fourth on Rub ber Gods, Household Drugs, Toilet Articles, Cutlery, Leather Goods, Trusses, etc., etc. 15 per cent de ducted from the Regular Price of these Goods. Our High Standard will be Main ained. No Special Favors. The same price to all, and all are wel come. Our Special Sale flonday,Tuesday Wednesday STATIONERY 1-3 Belew gular Price NEWBRO DROU CO INordt Maim St.. ktte. LrgesOt Drug ll ene I the State Leek in Our Semth Wiew The Afternoon Paper Of the Great Northwest The Butte Daily Inter Mountain Established Twenty-One Years, Gives to Adver tisers Most For the Money P RRAN Ia T N Travel During the Pall and Winter Beason The journey to the East f. Sa lt Lake City and along the saSIe of the Great Salt Lake throuth beautiful Glenwood, Colorado Springs and penver is oq, of ua. interrupted delight in winter as well as summer. In fact, the fall and winter seasg., u ± 4 newr grandeur and charm to the travel scenes and infuses an element of variety and beauty to the unsur passable wonders along the Rlo Grande Weitorn and Denver & Rio Grande lines. Through Bleeping and Dining Car service. Personally conducted weekly excursions. Fdr rates or information apply to, Ticket Ofce W. r. MeSRDE 47 E. Broadway, Butte. Gen. AUget GEORGE W. HEINTZ, .sseistant Gen. Paes. Agt., Salt Lake City. i TOURIST CARS? OF COURSE. The St. Louis Special, the over land flyer, via the Northern Pa cific and Burlington rallroads, car ries tourist cars as well as sleep ing, dining and free reclining chair cars. The tourist cars go to Kansas City. Th'e rest of the train runs through to St. Louis. $3.50 buys a berth in the tourist car, Butte to Kansas City, and sec ond class tickets are good in it. Drop in and let us give you more information about the St. Louis Special. if. f. RUGOE,, Agent 35 East Broadway, Butte, Mont. Richards THE BUTTE UNDERTAKER Practicl Undertakers and Embalmers. 140 W. P8rk ti, utte. Phone 307.