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DAILY INTER MOUNTAIN
istued Bvery Evening, Except Sunday. INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLISHING CO. Address all mall to Inter Mountain Publishing company, M. A. BERGER, Manager, 2 West Granite Street. Butte. Mont. Oficlal Paper of Silver Bow County and City of Butte. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Per year, by mall, in advance......$7.50 By carrier, per month................ .76 FRIDAY, FEBIlUAItY 28, 1902. A CUAPTtR IN SLNAT[ lISTORY. The encounter In the senate last week between Senliaor Tillmanti and Mc'Lalurin of Pouth Carolina recalls to the New York Sun the Incidents of the famous colloquy between Thomas H. BH1nton of Missouril nd tHenry S,. Foote of M t s.s.lplti. A .iml'ar dispulte octurrtd J ;t r, near the close of lienton's thirty y'ear'' al\vice In the st n 'lt( aiind during the Twenty-second congressH, the subject of the contioversy being ,Iacks;l t.n' \'veto of Ihe bl:I rc-c-hlrti ring the bunk of the 'nited PLates. l4enton chargedt liel;ry Clay with speItaking disrepect filly of the iprsidlent, and the re. orld of the trouble which foIllowld is thus repro duced by the Sun: "Mr. ('lay-There are sotslle pect'ulilir reasons why I sihould nut go to that senl ator for my sviews of di'ecoruiii In regi'ard to my hbeatrhiig toward tthe chlef magis (trate, and why he is not a fit in'tructolr. I never had any personal encounte r with the president of tie I~niitted States. (Benton had been involved in a street fighlt with (ltntral Jackrin In Nashvi\lle in 181:L.) 1 never conlplaini d of iany out ralges ton myn person commnllittd iby him. (Jateks..tt had st-rucuk Ilen ton with aI ior'seivhip.) I never hlpubltished any bli letins r1especting hi. private brawls. S* * 1 neverl declltared mly aplprehelin a.ion and belief that if he were electedl we should be obligedl to eglilate \vith pistols and dirks by our side. "Mr. lBenton-I- t is t'ru,. sir, itat I hal an affity with (General Jacka..t, aln t'hat I did complain of his conduct. Wte fought, sir, and we fought, I hopet, like men. When the e'xplosion was over -there remnainetl no ill will on either side. * * * 'Ther is ino adjourned qluaetiont of vi racilty beLtween ince anld enertl .Iactkion. If their haid Ibteen, 'a gulf would have tseparated us, as deep as hell. "Mr. Clay-General Jackson made a (cerl'tain (ialrge (ut .bargain) against ilce, ilnd htle referred to witnesses to prove it. 1 dented the truth of the charge. lit ,albled upon hits witniess to Lprove it. L leave to the i outitry whether that wit ness sustalined the truth of til'h presi dent's allegation. Th'e witness (Mr. ituc-h-anan) is now on his passage to St. Petersburg, with a commission in his. poctkel. (Mr. (tlay reverted to the dirk and-pistol remark attributed to Mr. Benton.) Can you look me in the face lnd say you never used that tlanguage? "Mr. B3enton--I look, :iir, and repeat that it is an atrocious calumny; and I will pitt It to hint who repeats it htere. "Mr. ('lay--Then I dcslare before theo senate that you said to me the very word sl. "Mr. Benton-Fal'e! False! Fulse! "Mr. Clay-1 fling back the charge of Itrolious calunlloy upon the ellnatol f'oll Mlissourl." At that point the belligerents were separated by senator a, and the record continues: "Mr. Ilenton-1 apologize to the sen ate for the manner In which L have spoken; but not to the senatol froln K entucky. "Mr. Clay--To the senate I also offer an apology. To the s, nator foi'rm Mis sourl none." Th:it seenis to have been the end of the Benton-Clay hostilities in the T'renty-second congrets, but in tile re (c(nt case of fisticuffs between Tilitman and M Laulin the enl is not yet, Is there seems to be no dilposition on the p:t of the ente te senate d to 0llOll' C) llgl'allt :a vlioltlon of the rules for the protec tion of the senate's dignity. The Sun recalls another incident of early days in the senate showing how the grave ,and reverend seignllors of a former generatlion comported tilcnlselves in anger. Senator Foote, the same man who quarreled with Benton, was one of the participants, Senator Hale of Maine the other. Foote alluded to Hale as a man "as guity as if he had committed high nvay robbery," and concluded .his speech as follows: "1 invite him to visit Mississipp|, and I will tell him beforehand, in all honesty, that he could nrot go ten miles into the iriterlor before he would grace one or the tallest trees of the forest, \\ ith a rope ¶round 'his neck, with the approba tion of every honest and patriotic citl zen; and That, if necessary, 1 should my.self assist in the operation." It is evident fmom the history above cited that the Tillman-McLaurin em. blroglio is no evidence of modern de terioration in the matter of senatorial dignity. On the contrary, it is plain from the criticism which has Ibeen visited upon the Carolina senators that the American people, as well as the sen ate itself, are less tolerant of a breach of courtesy by senators than ever before. Turkey and Bulgaria are each at pains to inform Uncle Sam that the brigands collected the ransom money without their knowledge or consent, and had either known What was going on, would have taken prompt measures to stop it. There is now a shining opportunity for Mr. Bryan to aid In ratifying a treaty of peace between Tillman and McLaurin. 0000 CITY 00YgRNMtNT. The mayor of Ran Francisco has the dispositlon and courage to do right. His predecessor, Phelan, had the disposition, but not the courage. The latter was de feated because of his lack of backbone and 'hecause his desire for re-election deprived him of the nerve essential to the enforcement of the ordinances when any considerable number of voters was likely to be offend.d by hi action. The present mayor, however, is doing his duty rega'dless of consequences. On ascertaining that many of the city em 1. oyra were spending their time at the :.kland race track and neglecting their o''ciii duties, he promptly removed them from otlice and made public the reasons for so doing. He takes the ground that he is responsible to the people of San Francisco for the ehaer aeter of his administration. Whether the supervisors second his efforts or not, he Ipoposes to be right and to go ahead. In many other cities there is a tendency to take from aldermen much of the work they have hitherto uasumed and to plre the administration of municipal affairs In the hands of men who are In dependent of local pressure. In Hialti mnore, for instance, which is one of the best governed cities of the United States, the work of the aidermen is con fined almost wholly to legislat:on, the management of the police, tire, sani tary and other departments being In the hands of the mayor, a.slkted by capabltt)le and exper'enced men, who (do not owe their election to ward politt lana alnd who are independent of every undeslirable element of the populat'on. I'at'y re.=ponsibility Is a ne'eisery safe guard to goo l government, but experi elne shows that the mayor, as head of thie Imunlicilpal government, shouldl not be .a.stticted in his power by Jealous a lld ahenling a llermlen who have axes to grind, unlahwfuI business to protect or friends with favors to rask contrary to the rights and expectations of good lt izens. COPPER PRODUCTION. Adlvane sheets of the (Copper Hand book, noon to ble iasued, contaln the following table., vhowing the prodluction of copper for 1900 and the estimate l produ'tion for 1901: PouIIndsta. 1900. 1901. Alottunan .... ....... 270,738,489 248,000,000 Mih.higan .... ......142,153,171 170,800,000 Arizona .... ........118,317,764 120,000,000 (t'.lifornia .... .... 28,511,225 35,000,000 Ultah .... ........... 18,354,726 26,000,000 Ot her states ....... 24,733,464 30,000,000 Totals ....... .....602,808,839 629,800,000 Tihe hand-book gives the following figures chowing the output of the wol'd's greatest mines for the year 1901, based on carileful stimates: Pounds. Anaconda . ..................100,000,000 ('alumet & Hecla .............. 93,000,000 io " Tinto ...................... 85,000,000 Boston & Montana ............ 55,000,000 M ansllcld ........ .............. 45,000,000 U'nited Verde .................. 35,000,000 ('upper Queen ....................... 35,000,0(00 SMouutain ........ .... ........ 30,000,000 Ioleo .. .... .................... 28,000,000 Montana Ore IPurchasing Co... 25,000,000 Arizona ...... ..... .......... 22,000,000 Mountain Lyell ................ 22,000,000 Qulncy ................ ...... 20,500,000 T'amarack ...... .............. 20,000,000 TharHis ..... ................ 20,000,000 TRADES AND LABOR ASSEMBLY. In palling a set of resulutions in sup polrt of the Woman's club movemennt on behalf of the removal of the "red light" district, th(e l'rades and Labor assembly did a wise thing in suggesting that wo men of good character, who are willing to work in laundries, kitchens and bed 1o ins of the well-to-do, should be given every enm ouagement 'by the excellent ladies who colnprise the club member ship. While there Is a white woman in this colrnunity willing to ealrn her own livtlihood in any domestle occupation, not a t''hinaman nor Japanese should be considered. Many a young girl has gone wrong because of luck of encouragement, kind treatment and steady work in the homes of pelople wileo let out their work to Orientals. Working girls should be given every advantage over the little yellow men and are entitled to consid erate treatment, and int many instances to shorter hours ithan they receive. A ('hinaman will work 12 hours a day for $:30 a month, and because working wolen are unable to stand the strain they are often dismissed to give place to the heathen. IARMERS ORGANIZING. Farmers of Montana are showing commendable enterprise in organizing for mutual benefit. In Missoula and C'auscade counties meetings are being held to perfect an organization composed of farmers who are interested in the development of the state's agricultural resources. In other counties of the state similar organizations have already gone ahead with the work of putting the busi ness of farming on a better basis and providing means for co-operation among those who raise crops. The past year has seen more good acc·ompllis'hed in the wja.y of bringing about concerted action among residents of the country than all the previous years of the state's history. A small appropriation was made by the last legislature to pay part of the ex penses of farmers' institutes. So suc cessful has the swork along this line proved to be that thd|'e are good reasons for increasing the appropriation at tie next session. The work of the organiza tions now in the field has resulted in in calculable good to Montana. There should be a farmers' organization in every county in the state. A NEW CABINET OFFICER [St. Paul Dispatch.] The strenuous life, as it Is exemplifieds at Washington, is not to waste its sweet-} ness on the desert air. Now, no one could have suspected that Senator 31lllee Mason, of the state of Illinois, would have been the originator of a project to crystalize Itooseveltlan principles Into` R bill. Senator Mason Is rotund, as well as roseate, and, as chairman of the pure food committee, he has enjoyed such nourishing substance at the national ex pense that his compact little body has begun to look like a revolving billboard, But Billee evidently wishes to "train down" to proportions better fitting a member of the national senate. Accord Ingly 'he has Introduced a bill calling for the establishment of a departmynt of physical culture and creating a new, cabinet officer to be known as the sec retary of physical culture. The bill declares its purpose to be "to promote the cause of physical culture and the Individual Improvement of the human race." Provision Is made for half holidays for labor, for public parks, public playgrounds, public fountains, baths, laundries, theaters, and for the appointment of commissioners from each state at $4,000 a year. It is evidently the desire of Mr. Mason that the race should be endowed with sana mens in sano corpore. He believes that happiness is physical and within the reach of all if only muscles may be properly developed. Surely Mr. Mason Is right, and untold generations will rise up and call him blessed when walking through the congressional rotunda they view his statue and thlq line upon its base, "For the improvement of the race." The strenuous life is the thing. A mon's a mon for a' that, but it Is muscle and MEMORIAL EXtRCIS.S. Yesterday in the hall of the house of representatives Secretary of State John Hlay delivered an cr.tlon on the late President McKinley. A notable assem blage heard the eloquient words of praise, and the occasion, while a formal one, was instinct with the spirit of patriotism. It was In the same- hall where the eulogy wasu pronounced that William McKinley gained his early tri umlphs and won his spurs as a debater and counseloir on matters of national Importance. He was chairman of the arrangements committee on the day Blaine delivered the eulogy on tGarfleld, and was just entering public life when voncgress. met to hear Lincoln eulogized. The memorial service held yest.rday was Ia iftting close to his )rilliant, sue ccs4.ful career In poitical Ilfe. Prince Henry of Prussia attended the exel cises, and must have grasped more com pletely the spirit that stimulates am bitious men as bhe listened to Secre tary Ha y's magnificent oration. Wil lltam McKinley, living, had 4he adrnk'a tion and entlhusluastic auppuit of a ma Jority of 11 s countrymen; since he died they all irevetrence the splendid <haur ater and ability that enabled him to rise b)y successive t iumphs from colnm parative oIbsurity to the head of the most powerful nation in the world. SENATORS CENSURtD. T'hle sanate colnllitt:e on privileges and elections has decided to censure Senators Tilllman a :d McLaurin and allow them to take their places again in the formal business of that body. The senate is, of cour;:e, the sole judge of tile lllmesure of reproof r'equire 't properly to dis. lpline the bellligernts. Each senator will receive equal punish ment, for both offended equally against the dignity 'of the body of which they are members. Neverthelcss there is not one reasonable man in the whole coun try who believes that the dislgracqful episode would ever have taken pliace had Tillrman poseessed oner-tLceth part of the manly instinits of h's colleag.e. If the senate dccldes that Tillman shall hereafter he suppressed, anri meas4res be taken to blreak him of his offensive habit of acting the bully, a repetit'on of the occurrence may be avoilded. The senior senator from Routh (arolina has abused the privileges of the senate since he was first given membership there. The blame for the disgrace.ful (ccur rence of last Saturday will be placed by the public upon the "pitchfork" states nutn. There Is no good reasn, why any citi zen of Butte should refuse to take sides in matters affecting the welfare of the city. The incidents of campaigns may not be entirely agreeable, but it is a part of the duty of every citizen to par ticipate in politics, that the city's affairs may be placed in good hands. A nephew of "'ltch-fork" Tillmnan has withdrawn an invitation sent some time ago ,to President Roosevelt. Now if the Tillman family will only revenge itself upon the country by withdrawing from pub.ile notice all will be forgiven. * Judging from the number of banquets arrangea for P'rlnce Henry on his West ern and Southern tours, his trip will fur nish abundant evidence that the Ameri can people are enjoying the usual three meals a day.* Senator Tillman is a disgrace to the United States senate, and for years.has been cordially disliked by every membbt of that body. His long term as a pecu liarly offensive disturber entitles him to a vacation. Fred Funston is now an Elk. He is a man accustomed to facing danger, and unlike Actor Neill, received no blows from behind. not mInd which has the ascendancy. The punch bag and not the midnight 'lamp Is the emblem of wisdom. The college vale. dictorian who so soon becomes a valetu dinarian, is no mate for the center rush I~ith the aureole of eternal youth sur rbunding the head. iSurely Washington Itself has need of this department of physical culture. We alre approaching a time when fisticuffs SJ111 be the only proper diplomacy, wnen s ates will send to congress that man %tho, like Spartacus of old, "has met in the arena every shape of man or beast that the wide earth has to offer," when rjuestlons are settled nqt on their merits --have they ever been?-but through the tight of an unmalled fist. We recom itend Benjamin Riot Tillman for the 4rst secretary of physical culture. S Rewards of Merit. [Boston Traveller.[ President Gilman of the Carnegie in stitution rays that the giving of degrees in this country is overdone, and that t-he extent of It is ridiculous. Degrees should be givtn only for work done. Two Honest Nations. (.an Francisco Pont.j The United States and Great Britain are the only two pQwers that have pro posed to return to China any balance of their share of the indemnity in excess of the adjusted claims. This is equivalent to saying that the United States and Great Britain are the only honest nations now dealing with China in the matter of Indemnity for inJuries and expense of protecting foreign Interests in that coun try during the bloxer troubles. If the mayor can suspentd policemen from month to month, thus practically removing them fronl the force, of what use is the law requiring evidence to be submitted to the council before mnrtt are 'retitoved? Prince lHenry has dined with so many notable organizations that he will carry away pleasant memories and attacks of Indigestion in about equal proportion. If the state of affairs In respect to violations of book contmtcts is as bail as stated, it is atmazing that the evil ,has not been remedied long ago. It Is amazing that hotels advertised as "absolutely fireproof" are the ones that figure in the press reports of holo caustr. As a compliment to the sheep Industry of the West. March will do its utmost to come In like a lamb. The suspended policemen beg to inform the mayor that they have become weary Of the suspense. The barb-wire fence is playlnig an en gagement In tihe South African war as a deadly weapon. Horrible Examples. [Salt Lake Tribune.] A large number of Chicago democrats are to exhibit themselves on a ten-day tour of the Southern states, which will go a great ways toward making the proud South republican. Proof Wanted. [New York Evening Post.] In the stage now reached by the con troversy, we must have names, dates, documents. Anything else is worth no man's attention. We have had quite enough of these mysterious, unnamed personages in the background, with their "I could if I would." Neither a "high official" nor a "person In close 'touch with the foreign offlce;" neither a semi offileal indorsement," nor an account vouc(hed for as "substantially correct" will avail us now. We would not even take the word of "Historlcus" or "Ex 'Attache;" and as for "Insider" and "One Who Knows," the wastebasket hath en larged Its borders to swallow up their communications unread. We pine for the documents in the case. DECLARE FOR STATEHOOD [Los Angeles Express.] In the house of representatives yester day the committee on territories unan inously voted to report bills for the ad mission to statehood of the territories of Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma, and that appropriate committees he ap pointed to prepare the necessary hills. The Express for months has advocated the admission to statehood of the terri tories, especially Arizona and New Mex ico, and if the peole of Oklahoma also are willing to bIear the increased ex pmnse growing out o1' state government, there does ntot appear to he any good reason why they should he kept out of the great sisterhood. In Arizona and New Mexic, the pouu latlon is composed of progr'ssitve, ener getic people, their resources are more than suflicient to justify their request being treated with consideration, and it is urged that increased development under statehood will more than offset the added expense. The settlement of Oklahoma is without a parallel in the history of nations, and on the showing which has been submitted it would start out as a state under even more favor able auspices than many older com munities, But the battle has not been won Dy this action of the house committee. As was pointed out by the Washington cor respondent of the Express several days ago, the real fight will come in the sen ate. It was stated that that conserva tire body did not view with favor an in crease of six or eight in its membership, with a possible chance of changing the political complexion of the upper house. and that a determined effort would bj made to block the desired legislation inl case the bills should pass the house. But forewarned is forearmed, an I with this knowledge before them the advocates of statehood for the inter ested territories from now on should devote their attention to the danger point and bring all possible pressure to hear to secure the object for which they have made so gallant a fight. Abashed. [iKansa.i City Journal.] Senator Stewart's amerndment to in .oCS( It he. s.ialarie ol congrl'esmeln to $7,500 \\,a cut out. 'here is a :lmit to cong'resslonal nerve. Taught a LE~won. [San Francisco Call.] We have at least one satisfaction in the guilty criminations and recrimina tions in which England, Germany, Italy, France, Austria and Russia are indulging over that note which was to have -fright ened us out of the war with Spain. We taught our European friends, including our kind English cousins, that our busi ness is our own and it is best for them to attend to their own or get Into trouble. MONTAA CU ENT NOr S. Billings Female Athletes. Bllilngs.-An athletic club has been organized among the girls of the high school here. They have elected officers and rented quarters. Governor Is oack. Helena.-Governor Toole arrived home today after spending a couple of weeks In the East. He went as far as Chi cago, returning via Denver. Farmers' Meeting. Great Falls.-Today and tomorrow is the meeting date of the Cascade county famers' Institute. Papers will be read and an extensive program carried out. ---+-- Drilling Oil Well. Dillon.-Work will be resumed on the oil well in Smallhorn canyon next week. Work has been suspended there owing to the casing of the well being too small. Masonic Session Over. Livingston.-Masonry high jinks held here during the past week by members of the Scottish Rite are at an end. A sumptuous banquet ended the meeting. -+- Bilant Jury Out. Ited Lodge.-The Bilant murder Jury began its deliberatllon at 5:30 o'clock Thursday afternoon. "Cookoo" Bilant, the accused, said he was innocent and not afraid to die. Mrs. Cole Will Live. ,Helena.-Mrs. Olivia Cole, who was shot by her husband who afterward killed himself, will recover. The deed was committed a week and a half ago and she is now said to be out of danger. -+- Must Pay Library Tax. Missoula.-A new rule has been adopt ed by the city library board requiring all who reside outside the city limits to pay rental on books taken from the library. The new rule is popular in the city, and, •naturally, disliked outside. --4+- Election at Pony. * Pony.-An election will be held here Tuesday, February 25 to determine if the city shall issue bonds to the amount of $20.000 for waterworks. The growth and pIrospects of Pony warrant the bel1ef that the bond proposition will carry. --4.+- Bids for Curbing. IHelena.-B-lds are being received for laying brick walks and laying granite curbing on the capitol grounds. The clerk of the state capitol commission is reci\ving the bids, sealed, to be opened today when Governor Toole is blck. --+ Lodge Smokers Popular. Missoula.-Smokers have become fash ionable in the work of securing recruits for fraternal orders here. Every lodge in the city seems to be trying to In crease its membership and the social smoker is the means used. Lodge rosters are rapidly growing. -4 Tom Wright Insane. Helena.-Thomas D. Wright, a well known newspaper man of Northern Montana, has been committed to the Warm Springs Insane asylum. He was arrested a few days ago for forgery. Wright has been in the asylum once before. Hlis present trouble was caused by drink. A Sore Disappointment. [Omaha Bee.] The announcement that the state de artment has funds at its disposal with which it could defray the expenses of entertaining Prince Henry and of send Ing special commiss'oners to the corona tion of King Edward must be a sore disappointment to the opposition mem bers of congress. There is not the slight est doubt, had a special appropriation been asked, barrels of eloquence would have been tapped by political dema gogues. Franchise Taxation. I Minneapolis Times.] Virginia is to have franchise taxation by constitutional enactment. There is a section in the new document requiring that all municipal franchises except those of trunk lines of railway shall be sold to the highest bidder. Franchises are limited to 30 years and thereafter the plant and property of the grantee are to become the property of the city, if so provided in the grant. This con stitutional recognition of the value of franchises will aid greatly In the educa tion of taxpayers to the fact that fran chises are municipal assets not to be given away or sold by public servants for their own enrichment to the loss and dis advantage of the taxpayers. Exception Ordinarily we do not run our Special Sales to exceed three days, but inasmuch as the Brush and Comb Bale is one of our most popu lar sales, we desire to give ALL the benefit of the exceptional bar gains which we offer in this line. - This is Our Last Comb and Brush Sale of the Season. We buy these goods from the manufacturer. We pay no commission to the middle man. In other words we soll these goods at retail, cheaper than most mer chants can buy the same goods at whole sale. 75c will buy $1.00 worth of Rubber Goods, 75c will buy $1.00 worth of Cutlery, 75c will buy $1.00 worth of Toilet Articles. Newbro Drug Co. North lain St., Butte. Largest Drug House in the State The Afternoon Paper Of the Great Northwest The Butte Daily Inter Mountain Established Twenty-One Years, Gives to Adver tisers Most For the Money Travel During the Wall and Winter Beason The journey to the East 1.a. Salt Lake City and along the sbc.es of the Great Salt Lake through beautiful Gilenwood, Colorado Springs and Denver sl one of un interrupted delight in winter as well s summer. In fact, the fall and winter seaslo. ..~, u a ew grandeur and charm to the travel scenes and Infuses an element of variety and beauty to the unsur passable wonders along the Rio Grande Western and Denver & Rio Grands lines. Through Sleeping and Dining Car service. Personally conducted weekly excursions. For rates or information apply to, Ticket Office W. r. MoBRDE 47 E. Broadway, Butte. Cen. Agent GEORGE W. HEINTZ, Assistant Ser. Pass. Agt., Salt Lake Clte. Track Is Safe There are 8,300 miles of track in the Burlington route, but each mile is as carefully examined and as clorely watched as though it were the only mile in the railroad. When you see the gleam of the lantern you may know the track walker is at work. When you ride on a Burlington train you may know the track is safe. Omaha, Chicago, Kansas City, St. Louis-everywhere East. Tickets, berths and full informa tion at this office. P. S.--Three Routes East*--ill ings, St. Paul and Denver, tl. F. RUGEOC, Agent 35 East Broadway, Butte, Mont, Richards THE BUTTE UNDERTAKER Pract~ial Udo4orlkers and Embalmers. 140 W. Park St., Butte. Phone 307.