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DAILY INTER MOUNTAIN
mmaed Every Evening, Except uanday. INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLISHING CO. Address all mail to Inter Mountain Publishing company, M. A. BERGER, Manager, 31 West Granite Street. Butte. Mont. Official Paper of Silver Bow county and City of Butte. SUBECRIPTION RATES. Per year, by mall, in advance......57.50 By carrier, per month................ .71 TLESDAY, MAI('H 11, 1902. A CHANGE IN THE CABINET. secretary Long's resigntiton, sub mitted to the president yesterday, makes the third change In the cabinet of President Roosevelt. It iN a matter of congratulation that Mr. Long, like the other retiring membe's, left for mat ters of persotual int 'ic and not fi oat any lark of harmony with the policy of the president. The change does nilL tome as i sutrprisw', ftr the seer'tary had intended to retire at the beginning of the late President McK inley's 1''cond teroa, but ionsinted to reniain until cer tain lines of the policy in which lie was Involved were more satisfactorily at' ranged. When !'resident Itooievelt took the reins of government. It caionmenerable spirit of loyalty to the administration prompted Mr. Long to retain ttilt port folio until the preiideti etouill oun veaiently make arrangements for its successor. It is worthy of noite that l'r,'s lint Itoosevelt formerly si'rvecl Seerettry long in the capacity of assistant serr' tiry of the navy, iintl nothing can show the disinteresteduness and esprit de i ornt of the two Ntatt sHanin better than the little tribute in iii- president's accept ante of the resignation, Ili ii hiih iie Says: "I have seen you in both reltations, and it has never hiei-it my good for tune to be asseo'lated with any public man more single-minded in his devo tion to th- publi intirest. (tar rela tions have been not nierely oflicial, but also those of personal friendship." The secretary has dernonstrated that he is a attismati of ability and superb judgment, an orator of unusual excel lence and a rian whose eharaster has always been above a question of re proach. The country can make no bet ter wishes foe his successor, Mr. Moody, than that he may follow tita record for integrity and iolteallt probity tsiab lished by the retiring s. cre'tary. A MELANCHOLY SITUATION. If the recent disaster to British arims ito iSouth America makens ither party to the quarrel mor,' responsive to sug gestions of peace the whole tietilize I world will rejoice at the invident. The war has 'been carried on with tremen dous sacrifices on both sides, and yet the prospect of peace seems as far away us when the contending forces met in the first engagement. At one stage of the hostilities it was believed the British would listen to peace proposals; but at that time the Boer-s were deluded with the belief that victory was only a matter of time, and refused to meet their foes except on the battlefield. Latter it was given out that the Boers would accept terms, but their depresslon of spirits came when the English were elated by success, and 'the hopes of those who wished for peace were tgain shattered. By listening to the advice of mis guided friends, who predicted successes that never came, the Boers have been standing in their own light, and by taking counsel of inordinate pride the British have been led 'to believe that in granting tetms they would be forfeiting their claims to national dignity. So the fight goes on with small hope of victory for either side and a melancholy pros pect of further loss and suffering. The suggestion that the United States should interfere on behalf of the Boers is not consistent with the professions of those who claim to represent the 'fol lowers of Oom Paul, for the only result that might reasonably be expected from an attempt to stop the war in the Transvaal would be more war, and as bloodshed is what the Interference lr designed to prevent, the plan would' fail While the present attitude of the world toward strife remains and good judgrnent prevails in the 'affairs of this country there is no danger of the United Stater making the grave mistake of attemptini to adjust the affairs of the belligerent) and precipitating a more disastrous con iltet. A PITTING IRIBUTE. Among the most eloquent eulogies de livered upon the late President McKin 3*e is the oration of ex-Postmaster Gen eral Charles Emory Smith, who spoke recently before the state legislature at Albany, N. Y., making a stirring, patri *tic address. He apoke-as did Secretary ilay when addressing congress-from an Intimate personal knowledge of the dead pri hident and gave expression to an estate of his character which is shared generally by the American people. After spesking of the creating, the redeeming a,# the. ejsnding periods of the United *tgtes nad the great leaders who rose na Sheso epochs to fulfill the missions to *' ph the people appointed them, Mr. so ji the 4psnding period, the halo of which is still over us, therd have been strong leaders in the council and in the forum; but towering over all wat the supreme figure which will ever stand out as the dominant influence pf thil epoch of our national history. He waj foremost, not simply because he was the titular chief, but because in clear in sight, in sure judgment, in the consum mate faculty of knowing what to do and how to do it, he was the recognized and undisputedmaster of all. He lived at a time when in its onward development it was his fortune to lead the republic to the achievement of its material inde pendence and power, and then, when that work had reached Its Lruitlon it was no less his good fortune to lead its along the new pathways of prestige and greatness. If his work was not finished, it was so far advanced and so well marked out that it only remains to fol low the pathway he blazed. His achievements and his impress are sure and indelible. We lament our personal loss: the republie mourns the president best beloved of all while he lived; but for him history is perfect, and the flaw iess pages of immortality atre opened to be marred nevermore." This testimony to the character and distinguished serviies of President Mc l:Inley ilttingly reilects the esteem in which his memory is held by his coun trymen. Iii was, in his day and genera ilon, as great a leader as Lincoln or Washington, and the epoch of expansion In which he was conspicuous will have as secure a place in history as the creat ing or redeeming periods of our national Ilfe to which the generations turn for paltilotli inspiratlion. AN EVIDENCE 01 PROSPERITY. - The present activity of the steel in dustry, while showing an amazing and raudl at change fromt the conditions of a year igi, is not without precedent. The fait that markets of the United States have lei n invaded by ste1l from abroad is regarded us senyational, for never in the history of steel produlcion, except during the caury 70's, has a similar centli. tion prevalled. At that time a strong de niind for structural steel and railroad iron caused the industry to be greatly :stimulated. 'lrl es reeponded to the gen ratl -xcitneiit and pig iron jumped from $10 in 72 to $55 in '7:. In the iieantime ba r Iiron rose from $73 to $120, lion rails fromn $li to $92, and steel rails froi $93 to $125 a ion. It is said that the phenomenal activity in the ii on and steel industry at that time contributed to the pauses whiih brought on the panic a year later. At present htith the sources of production and the markets are under perfect control, and there has bern neither a sensational advance in prtee nor a flurry which would indicate breakers ahead. The fact that imported steel finds a ready sale in the United States merely indicates the prevailiug prosperity which has stimulated the de mand to such an extent that ntintufue turing establishments, running night and day, cannot meet it. Democratic malcontents have been lilt between wind and water by the state ment of (lovernor Taft that there is $5, 000,000 in gold in the Philippine treasury and only $2,000,000 of debts in sight. With this surplus of $3,0000010 on hand, the island government will ie able to pay its way and give the lie to democratic Jredictions of calamity. Each day seems to furnish it'w proof that the so-called anti-imperIalIsts were the most mistaken of all the architects of political defeat who have manage(i the affairs of the democratic party. Those who object to the passage of the Ilanrsbrough irrigation lill should re member that the lirst and most impor tant step to be taken by the friends of national Irrigation Is to commit the fed eral government to the policy of re claiming the arid lands. After that is done suitable amendments to cure de fects in the law may easily be passed. If he homeseekers who are passing through Montana don't see what they want they should ask for it. This state can provide them with better opportuni ties than any other section of the world and an inspection of the advantages of locating here will convince them that to go farther is to fare worse. The time draws on apace when the democratic administration will begin its regular job of pro-election street clean ing and in witnessing this spasm of civic virtue, good citizens will give thanks that a dread of defeat has come to stir the powers that be to activity in the pub lic behalf. In calling David Bennett Hill an art ful dodger whose eloquence consists of sound and platitudes Colonel Bryan dis plays a streak of envy unworthy of one who has long held the championship in these arts of the perennial democratic candidate. The news that Miss Stone, who was recently released by the Bulgarian brig ands, has been captured by the enter prising manager of a lecture bureau is not creating such intense excitemenr as did the tidings of her earlier misfor tune, Montana Elks have already made ex tensive preparations to attend the Salt Lake meeting of that order in August, thus proving that their announced inten tion of having the best delegation from any state in the Union Is no idle boast. Recent storms throughout the Eastern states have delayed the. usual business of that section to give the snow shovel. lng industry a chance to catch tip with the procession. THE PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION [Philadelph Ia Ledger.] Proposals for more than a score of constitutional amendments have been in troduced in the present congress. Thope providing for the election of United States senators by popular vote,, for changing the date of the Inauguratidriof the president, and for the succeshion when the elected president dies between the date when the electoral vote is aeat in January and March 4, are of para mount interest. The constitution provides that in case of the removal of the president frow office or his death or inability to dis charge the powers and duties of his office, the same shall devolve upon the vice-president, and congress has pro vided for the succession in case of the death of both the president and vice-president. These provisions Ire fer to the death of the pre h while in the actual possession ofahi office. The constitution does not em power the vice-president-elect to suc ceed the president-elect. If the president-elect and the vice president-elect should die before March 4 a still more precarious situation would arise, inasmuch as there would be no cabinet in office to supply a successor. Obviously the period ietwen the elec tion of the president and vice-president and their induction into ofivie should be constilutionally protected. The death of the chosen president or of the vice-presi dent or of both in the interval as to which the constitution is sllent as to the succession is a contingency which the constitution should recognize, A disputed succession is a peril against which timely provision should be made. The country might survive it. The self poise of the nation in the Hayes-Tilder disputed election was admirable, but li should not be subjected to such crises ii they can he avoided by forehanded ac tion. The assassination of three American preskients took place when there was no constitutional doubt or uncertainty as to the succession. The country might not always be so fortunate. The Wash ington correspondent of the Boston Transcript, referring to the proposed amendment says: "Mr. Blaine, who was a prominent can didate for the presidential nomination in 1892 died on the 29th of January follow ing. Had he been nominated and elected in November the question would have arisen in a practical form. There have doubtless been other cases in our history iliustrating the slender thread of life among rulers. " * * What plan con gress would adopt for the presidential succession during this six weeks' Inter mission has not yet peen disclosed." * Mr. Frye first Introduced the resolution on January 18, four years ago. Mr. Hoar, from the Jud'icary committee, r"ported it with some change on March 14, and alout two months later it was passed by the senate. "it did not get further, as amend nints to the constitution travel with great slowness. But the death of Presi dent McKinley 'has awakened public in treist in amendments of this class." The' amendment touches the safety of the nation, confldent as we may he that sonic exit would be found from the -di hlnma of a challenged succession. The Country should never le subjected to the :,rain. The nation looks to congress for Ir iection from peril which Is not re moite, but well within the possibilities. After debating whether Colonel Bryan is the Ilarkis or the Micawler of the democratic party the Great Falls Leader comes to the conclusion that he pos ses the idlosyneracies of both these celebrated characters. Prince Henry's fortitude under the strain of his swing around the country proves him a royal good fellow as far as endurance is concerned. Then Let 'Er Burn. [Atlanta C('Astitution.] The brst fireproof hotel is the one that a guest can get out if the quickest after the alarm rings. Plain, Truthful Man. [Minueapolis Times.] Prinee Henry is it very polite man. He says he is fond of the curious com bination of sounds known as ragtime. The Life of Trade. [New York Press.] The real meaning of competition is that somebody is after your sealp and you are trying to keel) him from getting it. Carrying It Too Far. [Minneapolis Timecs.] M'anwhile the United States is not too polite to object when Germany intimates that 10,000,000 taeis more from China would be about right. A Mere Trifle. I Washington Post.] The New Jersey legislature has de ci(ied to put up $10,000 worth of fight against the tmosquito. That will only aggravate the bird. Proof Positive. IAtlanta Journal.] If Captain Hobson can't prove his de fective eyesight in any other way, he might offer in evidence some of the girls he has allowed to kiss him. Begins to Wriggle. I St. Louis Star.] Crazy Snake, down in the Indin Ter ritory, appears to be lookitg for trou ble. If his name counts for anything, he ought to have no difficulty in finding it. Plenty of Barons. [Chicago Record-Herald.] Governor Taft says sultans are, as plentiful in the Philippines as barons are in Germany. This almost puts the Philippine sultans upont a footing with the Kentucky colonels. More Homeseekors. [St. Louis Post-Dispatch.] The report that hell is only five miles below Michigan will be a great adver tisement for the Wolverines. People will be certain to emigrate to a cold climate where heat can le piped to the surface. Yes, Maybe So. [Springfield Union.] They found a side comb in the swim ming pool at Columbia gymnasium the other day. We think we have read some thing about "combing waves." Maybe some swimmer wanted to see if he could do it. Hogg's Diplomacy. [Minneapolis Times.] Being constitutionally opposed to knee breeches, Plutocrat Hogg of Texas has declined to attend King Edward's forth coming levee. In the firtt place the ci governor is not built quite right for knickers, as he is over six feet tall and weighs more than 300 pounds, and in the secoud place he may want to go back to Texas some day. Wholesale Employment. [Minneapolis Journal.] The graduates of the engineering' de partment of the University of Minnesota know that a college education pays. T'tat was a rare compliment to the quality of the engineering graduates that was paid by the firm that, having had three of last year's graduates, wishes to em ploy all of this year's senior class. Decorations of Prince Henry. [St. Louis Post-Dispatch.] Prince.,Henry is a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle, knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, knight of the Orddr of the Annunciation, knight of the Order of the Blephant, knight of the Garter and knight of the Order of St~ Andrew, but he will not have tinte to become a wemther of the B. P. Order of Elks. PE.RSONAL, Ilannis Taylor. minister to Spain under President Cleveland and a writer on constitut onal law, hag accepted the de gree of L4. D. offered by the Uiniveisity of Dublin. **5 United states District Judge Thomas G. Jones of Montgomery, Ala., will de liver the Memorial day address at (irant's tomb this year. H-e was one of the confderate soldiers who surrendered to I eneral Grant at Appomattox. teneral Eugene Griffin has in his pos session the American flag made by the sailors in Lieutenant Gilmore's party out of patches and sttdpes of their c o hing after their rescue from the in surgents in the w.ldest ipart of Luzon. Hugo Raussendortf, who owns one of the Sinest private art galleries in Berlin, celebrated his 70th birthday a few weeks ago and took this occasion to place at the disposal of the Academy of Arts a. sum of money, the interest on which -1,500 marks-is to be bestowed annually on some talental student. Captain William Driver, a Salem, Mass., skipper, is credited with the be stowal of the nami "(lid Glory" to the stars and stripes. It was in 1851 and the flag to which he gave the name was carred by the brig Charles Doggett all around the world, and is now on ex hibition at the Essex intt'tute, Salem. See Right Through It. [l3irminghanm news.] The object of the big glass companies in forming a trust should be transpa rent, A Suitable Trophy. [St. Louis Globe-Democrat.1 If the fighting is to continue in the senate the government ought to hang up a diamond-studded belt. National League Needs a Captain. [Boston Journal.] The National league had better put some one in the saddle, else the Amer ican league will leave it at the post. Time Will Tell. [Boston Transcript.] The great forests of Michigan have been skinned so close that the railroads of the sate have to bring their ties from Kentucky. Now there is a movement tc obtain legislation for reforestration. li the people attended strictly to businese a hundred years may accomplish it. OUR CLAIM AGAINS TURKEY [Washington Post.] I We are not surprised to hear that the state department has instructed our envoy at Constantinople to snake no spe ilte claim against either Turkey or Bul Mgaia in the matter of the capture and dittntion of the missionary, Miss Stone, by the Bulgarian (or Macedonian) brigands. The United States govern g moot has uniformly rejected the prin Ipie for lawless acts committed by mobs in the different states. ' It Is true that we have occasionally jail money to stop the noisy impor tunities of foreign nations whose sub jets had been lynched-as in the case of tue Italians strung up at New Or leans some ten years or so ago but in every instance these payments have been made with the stipulation that they were not to be regarded as a precedent or an acknowledgment of responsibility. And if our federal gov ornment cannot protect foreigners against violence in any one of the states, how much less can the sultan regulate the domestic affairs of Bulgaria? Bulgaria is a principality created by the treaty of Berlin, 1878. It is a tribu tary in some vague, Pickwicklan sense but as a matter of fact the nation is ruled by a prince and by .. legislative assembly, the princely title being heredi tary, while the lawmakers are elected by universal 'manhood suffrage. The government is Chrietian; the national religion is that of the, Orthodox Greek church. Mrs. Southmayd Ill. Helena.-Mrs. O. A. S uthmayd is sari. ously iII, stricken with pariysIu4 at her apartments in the Haskell building. Claims to Be an Heir. Great Falls.-A girl Is coming from Scotland to pocket the money of Alex ander Milne, who died last summer. An nie Milne claims to be the sole heir. -4-a Bad Man Writes Threat. Missoula.-Judge Myers is debating whether to take to the tall timber. He has received a letter threatening physi cal injury. The lawyer says he is not afraid and will fight all comers. Sue Sing Will Wed. Helena.--ue Sing, a Billings China. man, was given ii license yesterday to wed Miss Lillian Marin, also of Billings, the latter'si mother consenting. They left Billings yesterday afternoon. -4 Pix Water System. Missoula.-The water company will soon begin work to fix the mains and other parts of the water system here. About $20,000 will he spent. A reservoir will he built and additional water supply secured. ---4 Four Elections. (reat Falils.-i4pecial elections will be held here to drtermine if the city shall be bonded for city improvements. There will be three bond Issues and the regu lar city ballot, making the voter pass on four propositions. -4'--.. Phillips Is Ill. Helena.-V1'. E. Phillips is Ill with typhoid fever in this city. His condi tion is serious and his brother has been summoned to his bedside. Phillips is well known in life insurance circlet4 and as a baseball enthusiast. --4 Stockmen and armers. Dillon.-The association of agricultur ists and stockgrowers which has been formed here by residents of the country is In excellent condition. It was started by the farmers at their institute in January and has a bright future. -4'- Goes Back Home. (reat Falls. - A young girl named Adrienne Baque, who figured in an as sault case here last fall, has gone to France to be cared for by an aunt. Her assailant was sent to the "pen" for five years. The girl has a small fortune in the old country. -4. Move Land Offie. Helena.-The Helt na la"d office has received notice to move from the first floor of the Montana club building, which will be occupied by the Helena Water Works company. The land oflice .will have fine quarters in the new federal bulding when completed this summer. -4 Wife Gets Insurance Money. Helena.-Mrs. Harold ('ole, who was shot by her husband who then killed himself, is recovering. She has been paid $5,000 in insurance money by one of the companies in which the dead man carried insurance. Other insurance money will be paid her. Donovan Homebound. Helena.-The report that Attorney General James Donovan went East to begin action for Montana against the Northern Securities company has been generally discredited. The fact that he Is now on his way home from New York dissolves the last bit of credence in the report. ---4 The Bad Boy Problem. Missoula.-There is a wicked boy in the city schools who has the teachers "buffaloed" and last night the school board took action to subdue the youth's pugnacity. He is not amenable to dis cipline and all the teachers fear him. Another meeting will be held at which the youth will have a trial, for the en tire school system will be disrupted if he is not disciplined. Appeal Dismissed. Helena.-The supreme court yesterday dismissed the appeal of Mary Madigan from the decisaon of the district court of Silver Bow, in which her petition for revoking the probate of the will of James M. Reilly, was denied. Failure to take the appeal within the 60 days after the entry of judgment was the cause of dismissal. The order denyang be. ' a new trial was also sustained. A Distinction. [Boston Globe.] Hiondin declares that he has not been a fugitIve fiom justice. He has simply been trvine to avoid arrest. There is a touch of opera bouffe in the arrangement under which the porte maintains in Bulgaria an "imperial Ot touran commissioner"-sornething like one of our high joints, we fancy-but, for the rest, the sultan seems to have no function there save that of a hope less attempt to collect a debt of some seven million francs. He cannot do any thing of real consequence without "the consent of the powers" that formulated the treaty of Berlin, and, in a word, his "suzerainty" is about as valuable and momentous as a toy balloon. The sim ple truth of the matter is that Bul garia is maintained by the great Eu ropean powers and that the sultan has no more real authority there than he has in Egypt. Just how the United States govern ment could make a case against the sultan under these circumstances it is difficult to see. There is no question that Miss Stone was captured by bandits on Bulgarian (or Macedonian) soil. There is no question that the Turkish government lent every possible aid In the effort to rescue the unfortunate wo man. A claim on the sultan for repay ment of the ransom would have no moral standing whatsoever. Jeems. Is Non' Est, [Chicago Tribune.} The president sensibly concludes that the Hon. Jim Tillman repr-srnts neither South Carolina nor the Charleston ex ."c ttion, [itife and Razor SpecialSale ThisWeek $1 Kives 50c $1.25 Knlves 75 coats. This is our regular line of light to 2ildium sized pocket knives in stag horn and pearl handles. Razors Celebrated IXL. Razors manufac tured by George Wostenhoh( $1.00 each. This Is the first time that this razor has ever been sold in this city for $1.00. You usually pay from $2.00 to $3.00 for the same Razor. These goods are displayed is our south window. Newbro Drug Co. North Slain St., Butte. Largest Drug House in tie State Sample Book Wall Papers A tiny bit of black courtplaster on a lady's face is called a beauty spot, but when she has court plaster all over her face she is a fright. A 16 by 18-inch sample of wall paper may be a beauty spot, but cover your whole room with repetitions of the sample, and it would jar your nerves every time you looked at it. In fact, you cannot judge the effect of wall paper by small pieces. We don't sell from small samples. Twenty factories contribute their choicest patterns to our stock, and we show you enough of each pattern to give you a clear idea of the com plete effect. SCIIATZLEIN PAINT COMPANY No. 14 West Broddway ~~nflil5AI4OEND Travel During the Wall and Winter Season The journey to the East %.a galt Lake City and along the sbe'ies of the Great Salt Lake through beautiful Glenwood, Colorado Springs and Denver is one of un. interrupted delight in winter as. well as summer. In fact, the fall and winter seaso,. .i.. bu a now grandeur and charm to the travel scenes and Infuses an element of variety and beauty to the unsur passable wonders along the Rio Grande Western sad Denver & Rio Grande lines. Through Sleeping and Dining Car service. Personally conducted weekly excursions. For rates or information apply to, icwket OMce W. . MoBRDE 47 B. Broadway, Butte. Cea. Agent GEORGE W. HEINTE, Assistant Sen. Pass. Agt., Salt Lake City. We Do Better We don't offer lower rake than other lines, but we do what is bet ter-relieve you of a world of trou ble in selecting your route, buying your ticket and reserving your berth. When you call, don't be afraid to ask questions-we'll an swer them. Kansas City, St. Louis, Omaha, Chilcago-EVERlYWHERTE East. 3 routes East-via St. Paul, Den. ver or Billings. H. F. RUQER, Agent, 35 best Breedwsy, Butte, Monk P. S.-Save many hours, by tak ing the St. Louis Special. Leaves Butte 12:35 p. m. Richards Tift BUTTE UNDERTAKER ractilcal Undertakersand Embalmers 140 Wr Padr8t., 1uti t Phone 307.