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INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLIStiINO CO. Addressu all mall to Inter Mountain Pubtlshlnl company, M. A. BERGIIR. Manager. -M West Granite Street. Butte. Mont. Ol-molal Paper of Sliver Bow County and City of Butte. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Per year, by mall, in advance......57.50 By carrier, per month.............. ..7 SATURtDAY, MARCH 15, 1902. UNITED STATES ATTORNEY APPOINTED. The news of the appointment of ('arl It.asch to the olfiue of I'nlted States attorney for the district of Mo.itana was recelied yesterday afternoon. Mr. ltasch suceedr W. Ti. Rogers, for whom he has acted as deputy, and takes the of.lce thoroughly ac.'ualntd with the duties of the place. Notwithgtanding Mr. Rogers' splewinld record In the ofite., he failed of re appl.ointmient becn:iuse of the fact that he was unable to approve of critain pr'ac tiecs Indulged in by special agents and representatives of the interior depart inent In connection w\\ah t-.tber suits in the federal court of this district. The practices from which Mr. Itogers with held his approval c(ame in for a sath ing denunciation from the judge before whllom they were in\vestigate I, aol the attorney was srupplrtd by publli c pin ion in the stand he took. In hi s candit dacy for re-appointmernt he reevl\e i the indorsentment of his part:y andt \\as :-trongly suplported by hi .4 aus-olatls of the bar, only fai ling through thie ulllnfor tunate difTerence with the inlter or dc piartment official wh.s* c(nlmlty ilte in (urred \while dis|hiarging Ihis dlty 'with that soliitude for the publli intierest which has characterized all Mr. Iogers' otllrlul acts. TRADE WITH SPAIN. Statlstlcs showing the volume of trade bIetween this country and Spain prove that the breach causecd by the recent war has been practically closed and trade re lations once more placed upon a profit ablre status. Tile exports and imports in this country's commerce with Spaiin were gr 'ater during 1901 than during any pre vious year In history. The Imports fur the year an:ounte I to $7,040.758, and the exports to Spain were $16,785,711. A com parison of these figures with those of 16R91 show that imports from Spain hav, increased during the decade from $4,906, 475, and exports to Spain have grown from $12,987,477. The )principal articles of import from the country of King Al foinso are prints, nuts, wines, cork and Iron ore, and the main articles of export to that country are cotton, totbacco, oil. lumber, locomotives, cars arnd corn. T.h volume of commerce between Spain and the United States considerably ditilmt ished during the recent war, yet, when the nations came to know each other better, they resumne d commerce with great activity, to the Immense advantage of both. Tnt PRELIMINARY WORK. in Inl Last evening the democratic party of me the city of Butte began the work pre- r.O liminary to its great attempt at saving wl itself at the polls, holding caucuses in (lc the various wards of the city and count- st. lng noses to ascertain If there were ii offices enough to go around. Careful se generalship on the part of the political leaders and vigorous work by the street department is expected to result in a t thorough clean-up all over the city. It is a significant fact that democratic ad- p1 anlnistrations in Ilutte invariably clean , the streets and improve their methods of government just before election. It has it taken the present administration nearly a year to learn its faults, but it was weighed and found wanting by the voters before it had held the reins of nc power sixty days. tt WANT CIINESE IMMIGRATION, a In the city of Spokane petitions cir culated by the women's clubs asking for n the unrestricted admission of Chinese h immigrants have aroused considerable It d!seussion. It is believed that the club a members took action without due delib eration, and, had they been informed re specting the issue involved, would have unhesitatingly pronounced against the policy to which they have committed a their organizations. Proper!y to en lighten the women of Spokane respect ing the evils of Chinese immlgrat.on, the Chronicle of that city readis them a lec ture as follows: "Did the ladies pause to think what will be the effect of delaying the passage 1 of the exclusion bill by clamoring for substitutes ,which will not he passed? 'Do they not know that there are in China something like 400,000,000 people, iJnflt of them tolling for miserable '.wa.oes, living 4n a manner in which an ".Anirlcan beggar should not be asked to )live? Do they understand that if this 4pxclttrlion law 1s not renewed thousands ' a~ teg3 o 'thotsaands of these Aslatlce Smaly e swpeted 1to land upon this coast Sw4týth t mll· nxtfive.;.sers, ready to slave for 4.iost any plttnce, ready to live In ' t'"$f3th of filth 'and aqutalor, ,bringhig ,' th Abda . '.4heir gn .. .,hailr asiatice HeR tantIsm, their AsIathq clannishness, C· i their Asiatic customs, and their Asiatic vice? "Is it possible that any Spokane women grtlale to thl American working man the day's wages he honestly earns? Is it pos.ible that they would give their approval to cutting down his income, reducing the comforts of his home, cheating his children out of half their education, keeping his wife down in the grinding pit of poverty, making this a olty of landlords and tenements Instead. of a city of happy homes? "is It possible that they do not know that the direct effect that may result from failing to pass this exclusion bill will be to flood the coast with cheap and degraded workmen, drive white labor from the farms, the orchards, the tmines, the railways and the factories, to cut down the wages not only of one class of men, but of all classes-In brief, to lower the standard of living, of education, of patriotism, of manhood, of womanho.id and childhood In the Paciflc states?" It is unfortunate that opposlition to the re-enactmelnt of the (;eary law has de ve o;,ed in a Western city, where every c(nMtsideration should influence citizens to hold opinions radically antagonistic to ('hdnese immigration. It is to be ho!led that the Spokane Women's clubs will -p:'edily r.swlint the action taken and that club members in other cities will not nllow their. organizationns to as suntIoI an attitude ho:stile to the best in t(rests of the W.st. ORIGIN 01 Ilei INDIAN. In a reCent number of the American Antiquarian a writer declares that the rilddle of the American Indian has been solved and his lile of dl swent traced with such precision that his origin Is no longer in doubt. It is claimed that the Indians are descen.dants of the Kioreans, who iled to escapel the tyranny of the ('hinese. and that hieroglyph~ls on ('entral American ruins have been deciphere.l rsIflelently to convince th nologists that tihe red man had lan originl Infinitely more respet table than his niel aincholy present condition Indicates. The disjointed fr'agmnl'ts of history recorded on the crumbling ruins of the early .lviil izatl ion of this continent arc a lperpe'tual challenge to tie anltiquariatn, but so far research has not secured Inuch in the way of substantial proof of the origin of the Indian tribes of North America. Indeed, the writer In the Amelican Antliquarian lhas thrown more light on the subject than has ever been supplied ,before, and .1h- has left the greater por tion of the field unexplored. Lo, the poor Indian, seems predestined to utter extinction, and It Is likely that he will be a long time dead before it is finally learned where he calme frotl. Minneapolis mlllers have securet, the ' al onsent of the government to Imrort m 'hei at from Canixada, gtin d it Into flour In]i send it back alross the line without al al waith.ag fCo' the tedious formality neces sary when duties are paid and a rebate given for Ilour shtippedl out of the coun try. This plan of dealing with grain In bond under the suplerv\ision of the gov- a rnmnent has long ibeen practiced where c corn in the ext ltict is put through the c prlocess of distillation, but never until r the Minneal,olis millers evolved ther 1 soherme has foreign wheat been put on L a level with native whisky. Great Britain will expend $156,275,000 in maintaining its navy during the comrn-. ing year, which is more than $2,000,000 more than last year. Th'e British navy now numbers fifty-six first-class ships, which is the number credited to France, (erman and Russia comblned. Notwith standing the recent reverses by land, Great Britain seems determined to pre serve her title as mnlhtre.cs of the sea. If a way can be found to curcumnvent the tricky politician and lspoillnan, President Roosevelt will find it. He has proved to be more than a nmtch for all who have attacked his position on any lited his democratlc critics. The lhrt rsrvoi Or contenimplated by the new government Irrigation law is for the Gila river, in Southern Arizona. At a cost of $1,000,000 it is believed tht reser voir will reclaim an arid tract of 100,000 acres. The Missoulian contains an announce. ment of the sale of a number of second- L hand slot machines. The time has at last arrived when the nimble nickel is saved to the church contribution. box. The I'nitcld States merclhantt marine has decayed to almost the point of ex- a tinction, because our shipping alone of t all our industries ha:l not been protected iI fromn foreign colmpetition. 1)espite the fact that this country ac knowledges many ac(t of courtesy fromn Germany, the memory of the Il oh lnilt ive , laws passed to exc!ude Alilelrihan ipol ucts remains., Note ithstanding the s!gns of car'ly, spiring, there tre indications of a severe frost on the democratic admninistrationt's plan to retain control of the city council. General Funston is talking as straight and sharply aas4e, fought, and he is put ting the "antis" to flight as erlectually as he did the Fi!ipinoes. Owing to circumstances over which it I has no control, not many wheels are turnIng at the lHub SENATOR HOAX'S OBJECTIONS "" t. Pa.l (;lobe.] No one will dispute the eminence as Sa j constitutional scholar and lawyer of the! a senior senator fIom Massachusetts. lil f is the only man now in public life who has stood boldly against the movement so long In progress to secure an amend. , ment of the federal constitution making the federal senators electilve by the s direct vote of the people of the several u states. Indeed, he may be said to t the only man in public life that al s stated an Intelligent reason why o amendment should not be adopted si oelI its discussion was first opened. I-e LIM vN ever had the courage of his convlctlins, t and his posetion that the proposd s amendment will be Jn grave violatel L of the political compact among the say- v eral states forming the Union originall!, n in one which is well founded should ns-e a ceive the gravest consideration from all t Amerlean, electors. t if, on the other hand. it is found that h1 there is no substantial basis for the ob- a je;tion raised by Henator Hoar neither: his learning nor exalted standing In thet I public life of the United States ought: to operate to lend to his arguments apy t more rdgnificance than histo'y and the a practical political hearings of the pro posed amendment entitle them to. The federal constitution declares that' the senators shall be elected by the s legislatures of the several states, and f that in the event of vacancies the execu tives of the several states shall have the power to make temporary appointments until the next regular session of the legislature. The underlying idea of the t provision is that the state as a political entity shall be reproesented by two sen ators, no matter what its size, popula tion or wealth may be. The two main,' contentions of Senator Iloar, so far as I they are generally understood, go to the view that by making senators elective t the state is deprived of a right secured I to it of selecting its representatives In i the smnaller' legislative Ibranch of the; general government according to the i bmanner spetiiied in the constitution and , agree.l to by the several states origi ()n another page Is printed an maccount' of tihe death of (int. Tlhomas Franels: Mlragher, by the pen of ('ol. W. F. San-: ders. Ilheretofore there has .been a di-t ver.:ty of opinion r-especting the exacti nIltlLtaer in which (;ne-ral Meagiter rhet his deathl, and the stuory, as graphicailyy told by ('lonel Sandters, is of more than' ordinarry interest. Colonel Sanders has sketched with gifted lien the occdr retnces of the fateful day which took` from Montana one of its most talented piolneer citizens, and his contribution to the historical literature of the state will meet with due appreclation. !. 111IOIHu1i'tre iseu recenfty If jNewt r )rk who was blind nearly all his life,' el Id who had a standing reward of a' e z IIllon dollars to anyone who would re- 'h up' are his vision. As the drtft was pay le on silght and his case was Incurable, : r'.wvard was never claimed. tot ',olonel IBryan threatens to he as great he 1 annoyance when outside the list of 11 tndidattes as when leading the demo- alt atlic hosts to def' at. lie has served ort otice upon all who oppose himn that he to t still in the ring politically and will ob olt the ticket if Davld Ilennett Hill is lade the standard bearer'. The daily circulation of the Inter lountain is getting close to the 11,000 nark. The business men are invlted tO. ha all any afternoon at press time and ave fa ie palper lprinted and circulated. po an lic The new currency bill will complete HU he financial policy to which the gpv 'rnmont was committed by the voters tr heo drove the nails into Mr. Bryants )olitical coffin. David Bennett [till's gubernatorial oom Is not as dirlgable as the other in lated political lr',spects launched in the state of New York. The Phlllpsburg (all, which has just ,ompleted its eighth year, is a first-rate weekly newspaper and Is a credit to l, Granite county. in tc Also a Mastodon. [Scranton Tribune.J ul The most startling metamorphosis.olf i the hour is revealed in the announcement rt that Mr. HIogg of Texas is a lion in ii' London. Yt Increase of Millions. i INew York Mail and Expreus.] That the gross earnings of 'the Penn- 1 sylvania railroad system for last year reached almost $200,000,000 and showed an increase of more than $23,000,000 ovr I the previous year is all impre.ssive com- i umercial fact. The Last or the Minstrels. [Chleago Post.I I PWith the deaths of "Billy" "Billy" West and "Billy" Emerson thei ranks of the old-time minstrelsy /are well-nigh wiped out. Neal Bryant, who dates from a period earlier even than that of the three named, is said to be at the point of death, and there are, one believes, none of his generation of eavler negro minstrelsy living. 1 Growth of Russla. 1 [London Express.] ' The census return of the Riusslandi biii pIre has now been Issued, and shows a large increase on the last. The empl.e now contains 129,000,000 people, of whom 107,000,000 dwell in Europe, the other' 22, 000,000 being accounted for the Siberia and Turkestan. Three towns In ' the great empire have more than 500,000 .i.-' habitants-via., St. Petersburg, 1,260,718; Moscow, 988,%00. and Warsaw, 614,800 'i-. habitants. In 120 large towns the male. population is in excess of the female. pally, a manner which relieves the gen te and 4ts members from amenability M o the changing Influencel of popular bs ontrol, and that the character of the enete is thereby changed materially , tmmthat originally designed it should ossess.. The right of the state as a whole to at slect its own senators through -the pop lar vote preserves to asll practical In- N ants its prerogatives as a pollt:cal etity under the constitution; while rec- ha gnlzlng the right of the people to par icipate directly, and without the Inter ,notJon of other machinery In the selec- w on of those who shall speak for their aute In that body. The objection that y reason of great population or other ise one locality may have a p:edomi ant influence in the selection of the nhators, does not seem to be very prac ical in character, especially in view of h- fact that it is designed to have co gislative districts constituted as nearly cO . possfble an equality of population. Are the po.,lible evils wbirch Senator lar outlines of as much concern to the epqlce or to the constitutional system of a Ih country as to demand that the gross (I ni vital evils which have arisen out of ihe mode of election now prevailing, rhereby rich men are in the senate by cItue, in many instances, of their pos ,-sion of great wealth, and their ability hc nil wallingness to use that wealth cor uIlly for their own aggrandisement, hail ce ignored? The Globe does not link so. And the Intelligent sentiment th if the country is merely expressed by H hi c;lobe and all other newspapers and ilcic' men who have given the subject ocnsideration. Alcn.,tor Berry has done the country in ndl the several states a service, and he hi is acted In the line of the preservation if the constitution in its original vigor ? ccl cig.niticance, In forcing the measure riwar'ctd "."F'action by the senate. The w ene'rtl discussion which is certain to tl 'esuilt cancot operate otherwise than to at he advantage of the constitutional right if th(e pople as well as of the several E itates and of the United States. T PERSOJAL, C O fi The Duke of Marlborough Is believed 0o Ie the possessor of the costliest paint- 1 ing In the worl, Itaphael's "Blenheim Madonna," painted in 1507 and now o valued at $350,000. I President Roosevelt has found time to irepare the clanuscript for a new .book 1 in the deer of North America. The vol cme is one of a series, and will be Is- v sued in the early sumnmer. t President. Loubet of France has re ceived an autograph letter from the c czar asking him to visit St. Petersburg. The end of May will probably be decided upon as the time for the visit. Jullette Toutaln, a golden-haired girl r pianist of Paris, who achieved a vie tory for wo an in having won a prize I for composition, has boldly announced herself as a candidate for the Prix de iRone. No woman ever did so before. although many have won musical hon ors. The Academy of Fine Arts had to be consulted, and decided that no objection could be found to the entry of a woman in the famous villa of the Medlcls. Jerome's failure. [New York Sun.] Distrlct Attorney Jerome's effort to have the excise law enforced on Sunday i failed, as it was doomed to fall. The police captains laughed at his threats, and for the best of reasons. The po lice have before them the proof that suavely but determinedly arrayed I against the enforcement of the law are Mayor Low and the municipal adminlis tratlon. S----*- -------· MONTANA CRUKNJ Tr N S. Wedding at Florence. Florence.-F. H. Donaldson and Mss Mabel Slaght was married here on Thursday. Murder Case. .Billings.-The preliminary hearing of Mrs. Orcutt for the murder of her hus band will begin today. Appointed to State Board. Helena.-Governor Toole has appointed E. A. Huese of Butte a member of the state board of pharmacy. No Assets. Helena.--B. F. Shanley, a contractor, has filed a petition in bankruptcy for $4,788, alleging no assets. Woodmen at Clancy. Clancy.-Tuesday evening a Woodmen of the World lodge was organized here with 30 charter members. --+-~ Election Officers lamed. Deer Lodge.-Judges and clerks for the coming election were named by the city councill at its last meeting. -'~L- Masons to Go South. Helena.-Montana Shriners have been asked to join the great caravan to the ('harleston exposition in April. --'- State House Tablet. Helena.-The state capital commission will pass on the design for the state house tablet at its meeting Thursday. -4.- Wants Land Office. Fort Benton.-A petition is in circula tion here praying congress to make Havre the seat of the new landoffice. -'. Mining Activity. lioulder.--lButte parties are interest ing themselves in the Boomerang mines here and mining activity is expected. Wesleyans Win Match. Helena.-The Montana Wesleyan team won the basket ball match here against the Agricultural College team by a score of 21 to 15. ----+- Expensive Fire. Missoula.-The home of Mrs. W. B. Torbls, on South Third street, suffered about $1,000 damage by fire yesterday afternoon; fully insured. Coming School Election. Great Falls.-County Superintendent of Schools Kerans is sending out notices for school election to be held on the first Saturday in April. -+'- Narrow Guage Road. Shelby.-New tracks for the widening of the narrow gauge here are being put in for the handling of the large amount of material to be transferred here. -+ Workmen Flourishing. Helena.--Judge John W. Eddy, who visited Livingston, Bozeman and othe" towns, in the interest of the Workmen, says the order is flourishing all over the state. --4- Conwell Gets Ninety Days. Missoula.-Conwell, the writer of many love letters, was given 90 days for va grancy yesterday. Since his incarcera tion he has received several letters from romantic maidens all over the country. Tobacco Company Formed. Helena.-The Montana Cigar Manu facturing and Leaf Tobacco company of Butte was Incorporated yesterday. Will iatu F. Yaeger, Isador Pincus and Charles Wintergrast are the Incor porators. --4.~i-- Telephone Stops Wedding. Missoula.-C. M. Mason, father of a young girl whom Arthur L. Donaldson of Bitter Root had eloped with,prevented the marriage by telephoning to the county clerk's office here and forbidding the license. -+- Took Oath While Drunk. Helena.--Something of a sensation oc Scurred in court today when the defense I in the timber fraud cases charged that an important affidavit produced by the prosecution was made while the afflant was drunk. IMMIGRATION TO CANADA. (Philadelphia Record.) After the trouble in the Transvaal shall t e ended there will 'be an active demand n the United Kingdom for emigrants o South Africa. A vast area of fertile ountry will have been practically depop lated; the frontier of civilization moved ar to the northward in Rhodesia, and t allroads and other public works of im- t ,ortance will divide with mining and t arming the attention of wage workers. 'he British government is anxious that t ntending emigrantw should consider ,,uth Africa first of all when selecting a 1 uture abiding place, and as soon as eeslble organized efforts will be made 1 it Great Britain to this end. What the British authorities merely riopose, however, is being actually done it the present time by agents of the L)ominion of Canada. These mission tries of "Our Lady of the Snows" have eon gathering parties of colonists in nI'igland for several months past, and 1i a result of their efforts about 12,000 'nlgr'ants will leave British ports for lie Dominion within the ensuing three ltnilths. Emigrants are sent from Liverpool to Winnipeg at a rate of $40, di hng "specially conducted" by govern nent agents. The Dominion govern.. tent also builds homes for the new rcnmers, in which they may live at nomi nl cost until firmly established in their new life. Inducements of this sort at tract a high class .of agricultural labor, without offering strong inducements to the scum of British cities. If continued persistenly, the Dominion should reap decided and conspicuous advantages from the practice. This innovation in Canadian conserva tive methods is a mere straw, but it shows how the wind blows in that quar ter. There are untold riches lying hidden in the Dominion's vast and almost un trodden Northwest, and only an indus trious and enterprising population of Anglo-Saxon lineage can wrest this wealth from its hiding places. Iron, gold, silver, copper, lead, coal, mineral oil, products of the forest these and their cognate materials of commerce await revelation in North America during the twentieth century. In going directly to the mother country for strong arms and stout sinews to fight the battle with nature the Dominion authorities have taken a distinct step in advanbe. Immi gration, once almost forced and coin -pulsory, is now largely a matter of per suasion by shrewd and eloquent em issaries in Great Britain seem to have made an excellent beginning. As the independent British. colonies draw from year to year more largely upon the old country the share of the Urnited States in this class of emigration declines. Last year there came to this country about 45,000 Immigrants from Great Britain, only 12,000 of whom were credited to England. Ten years ago the immigration from England alone to the United States exceeded 60,000, with a still larger number from the remainder of the United Kingdom. This is the sturdy stock that builds up new nations and assures free institutions wherever it settles and remains. To lose It is like losing the best and richest life blood of a nation. What the "Open, boor" Is. Worth. [New Ydrk IHerald. 1 Among the modern, im ~ovements which commend themselves to Chinese women, the unbandaged foot leads the list. They take kindly to Western shoes, and the shoemakers ef Massachusetts are growing hilarious at the prospect. To make shoes for 200,000,000 women Is a privilege which does not often present Itself In this wicked world. Now we see what "the open door" is worth. Razor SpecialSale TODAY $1 Knives 50c $1.25 Knives 75 ceits. This is our regular ilhe 4f light to medium-4 sized pocket knives in stag ;, horn and pearl hand les. Celebrated IXL. Razors, manu factured by Geo. Wostenhohn, $1.00 each. This is an opportunity to get a $2.60 razor for $1.00. It is not our loss, simply a fortune of trade and we want you to take advantage of it. Newbro Drug Co. North lain St., Butte. Largest Drug House In the State "Wingerup" Sprnl'llg trade will be here be fore you know it, and you will want to get your part of it. Why not let us gild up the old sign or paint you a new one? Per haps a coat of varnish or paint on the front of your store would make it look like there were live people with business ideas in side ready to serve customers. Store brightening, sign painting and renovating are specialties with us. Give us the chance and we will make your store look like a wide-awake place. SCHATZLEIN PAINT COMPANY No. 14 West Broadway DOENVE&R IOpDGRANDE Travel During the Wall and Winter Beason The journey to the East % A Salt Lake City and along the gbcles of the Great Salt Lake through beautiful , Glenwood, Colorado Springs and Denlver is one of un interrupted delight ,n winter as well as qummer. In fact, the fall and winter seas.. -b k,)u A new grandeur and charm to the travel scenes and infuses an element of variety and beauty to the unsur passable wonders along the Rio Grande Western sad Denver & Rio Grande lines. Through Bleeping and Dining Car service. Personally conducted weekly excursions. Fqr rates or information apply to, Ticket Office W. r. MoBRDE 47 E. Broadway, Butte. GCe. Agent GEORGE W. HEINTZ, Assistant 3en. Pase. Agt., Salt Iake City. We Do Better We don't offer lower rates than other lines, but we do what is bet ter-relieve you of a world of trou ble in selecting your route, buying your 'ticket and reserving ygr berth. When you call, don't be afraid to ask questions--we'll al swer them. Kansas City, St. Louis, Omahn, Chicago-EVERYWHERE East. 3 routes East-via St. Paul, Den ver or Billings. H. F. RUQIER Agent, 8 least Broadway. Butte, Mont. P. S.-Save many hours by tak ing the St. Louis Special. Leaves Butte 12:35 p. m. RIcharlds TIHE BUTTE UNDERTTAK4ER Practical Undertakers and Embalmers. 140 W. Park St., Butte. Phone 307.