lma awvry aenln" uasept gunes.
INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLIStiINO CO.
Addressu all mall to Inter Mountain
M. A. BERGIIR. Manager.
-M West Granite Street. Butte. Mont.
Ol-molal Paper of Sliver Bow County and
City of Butte.
Per year, by mall, in advance......57.50
By carrier, per month.............. ..7
SATURtDAY, MARCH 15, 1902.
UNITED STATES ATTORNEY APPOINTED.
The news of the appointment of ('arl
It.asch to the olfiue of I'nlted States
attorney for the district of Mo.itana
was recelied yesterday afternoon. Mr.
ltasch suceedr W. Ti. Rogers, for whom
he has acted as deputy, and takes the
of.lce thoroughly ac.'ualntd with the
duties of the place.
Notwithgtanding Mr. Rogers' splewinld
record In the ofite., he failed of re
appl.ointmient becn:iuse of the fact that he
was unable to approve of critain pr'ac
tiecs Indulged in by special agents and
representatives of the interior depart
inent In connection w\\ah t-.tber suits in
the federal court of this district. The
practices from which Mr. Itogers with
held his approval c(ame in for a sath
ing denunciation from the judge before
whllom they were in\vestigate I, aol the
attorney was srupplrtd by publli c pin
ion in the stand he took. In hi s candit
dacy for re-appointmernt he reevl\e i the
indorsentment of his part:y andt \\as
:-trongly suplported by hi .4 aus-olatls of
the bar, only fai ling through thie ulllnfor
tunate difTerence with the inlter or dc
piartment official wh.s* c(nlmlty ilte in
(urred \while dis|hiarging Ihis dlty 'with
that soliitude for the publli intierest
which has characterized all Mr. Iogers'
TRADE WITH SPAIN.
Statlstlcs showing the volume of trade
bIetween this country and Spain prove
that the breach causecd by the recent war
has been practically closed and trade re
lations once more placed upon a profit
ablre status. Tile exports and imports in
this country's commerce with Spaiin were
gr 'ater during 1901 than during any pre
vious year In history. The Imports fur
the year an:ounte I to $7,040.758, and the
exports to Spain were $16,785,711. A com
parison of these figures with those of
16R91 show that imports from Spain hav,
increased during the decade from $4,906,
475, and exports to Spain have grown
from $12,987,477. The )principal articles
of import from the country of King Al
foinso are prints, nuts, wines, cork and
Iron ore, and the main articles of export
to that country are cotton, totbacco, oil.
lumber, locomotives, cars arnd corn. T.h
volume of commerce between Spain and
the United States considerably ditilmt
ished during the recent war, yet, when
the nations came to know each other
better, they resumne d commerce with
great activity, to the Immense advantage
Tnt PRELIMINARY WORK. in
Last evening the democratic party of me
the city of Butte began the work pre- r.O
liminary to its great attempt at saving wl
itself at the polls, holding caucuses in (lc
the various wards of the city and count- st.
lng noses to ascertain If there were ii
offices enough to go around. Careful se
generalship on the part of the political
leaders and vigorous work by the street
department is expected to result in a t
thorough clean-up all over the city. It
is a significant fact that democratic ad- p1
anlnistrations in Ilutte invariably clean ,
the streets and improve their methods of
government just before election. It has it
taken the present administration nearly
a year to learn its faults, but it was
weighed and found wanting by the
voters before it had held the reins of nc
power sixty days. tt
WANT CIINESE IMMIGRATION, a
In the city of Spokane petitions cir
culated by the women's clubs asking for n
the unrestricted admission of Chinese h
immigrants have aroused considerable It
d!seussion. It is believed that the club a
members took action without due delib
eration, and, had they been informed re
specting the issue involved, would have
unhesitatingly pronounced against the
policy to which they have committed a
their organizations. Proper!y to en
lighten the women of Spokane respect
ing the evils of Chinese immlgrat.on, the
Chronicle of that city readis them a lec
ture as follows:
"Did the ladies pause to think what
will be the effect of delaying the passage 1
of the exclusion bill by clamoring for
substitutes ,which will not he passed?
'Do they not know that there are in
China something like 400,000,000 people,
iJnflt of them tolling for miserable
'.wa.oes, living 4n a manner in which an
".Anirlcan beggar should not be asked to
)live? Do they understand that if this
4pxclttrlion law 1s not renewed thousands
' a~ teg3 o 'thotsaands of these Aslatlce
Smaly e swpeted 1to land upon this coast
Sw4týth t mll· nxtfive.;.sers, ready to slave
for 4.iost any plttnce, ready to live In
' t'"$f3th of filth 'and aqutalor, ,bringhig
,' th Abda . '.4heir gn .. .,hailr asiatice
HeR tantIsm, their AsIathq clannishness,
their Asiatic customs, and their Asiatic
"Is it possible that any Spokane
women grtlale to thl American working
man the day's wages he honestly earns?
Is it pos.ible that they would give their
approval to cutting down his income,
reducing the comforts of his home,
cheating his children out of half their
education, keeping his wife down in the
grinding pit of poverty, making this a
olty of landlords and tenements Instead.
of a city of happy homes?
"is It possible that they do not know
that the direct effect that may result
from failing to pass this exclusion bill
will be to flood the coast with cheap and
degraded workmen, drive white labor
from the farms, the orchards, the tmines,
the railways and the factories, to cut
down the wages not only of one class of
men, but of all classes-In brief, to lower
the standard of living, of education, of
patriotism, of manhood, of womanho.id
and childhood In the Paciflc states?"
It is unfortunate that opposlition to the
re-enactmelnt of the (;eary law has de
ve o;,ed in a Western city, where every
c(nMtsideration should influence citizens
to hold opinions radically antagonistic
to ('hdnese immigration. It is to be
ho!led that the Spokane Women's clubs
will -p:'edily r.swlint the action taken
and that club members in other cities
will not nllow their. organizationns to as
suntIoI an attitude ho:stile to the best in
t(rests of the W.st.
ORIGIN 01 Ilei INDIAN.
In a reCent number of the American
Antiquarian a writer declares that the
rilddle of the American Indian has been
solved and his lile of dl swent traced
with such precision that his origin Is
no longer in doubt. It is claimed that
the Indians are descen.dants of the
Kioreans, who iled to escapel the tyranny
of the ('hinese. and that hieroglyph~ls
on ('entral American ruins have been
deciphere.l rsIflelently to convince th
nologists that tihe red man had lan originl
Infinitely more respet table than his niel
aincholy present condition Indicates. The
disjointed fr'agmnl'ts of history recorded
on the crumbling ruins of the early .lviil
izatl ion of this continent arc a lperpe'tual
challenge to tie anltiquariatn, but so far
research has not secured Inuch in the
way of substantial proof of the origin
of the Indian tribes of North America.
Indeed, the writer In the Amelican
Antliquarian lhas thrown more light on
the subject than has ever been supplied
,before, and .1h- has left the greater por
tion of the field unexplored. Lo, the
poor Indian, seems predestined to utter
extinction, and It Is likely that he will
be a long time dead before it is finally
learned where he calme frotl.
Minneapolis mlllers have securet, the '
onsent of the government to Imrort
'hei at from Canixada, gtin d it Into flour
In]i send it back alross the line without al
waith.ag fCo' the tedious formality neces
sary when duties are paid and a rebate
given for Ilour shtippedl out of the coun
try. This plan of dealing with grain In
bond under the suplerv\ision of the gov- a
rnmnent has long ibeen practiced where c
corn in the ext ltict is put through the c
prlocess of distillation, but never until r
the Minneal,olis millers evolved ther 1
soherme has foreign wheat been put on L
a level with native whisky.
Great Britain will expend $156,275,000
in maintaining its navy during the comrn-.
ing year, which is more than $2,000,000
more than last year. Th'e British navy
now numbers fifty-six first-class ships,
which is the number credited to France,
(erman and Russia comblned. Notwith
standing the recent reverses by land,
Great Britain seems determined to pre
serve her title as mnlhtre.cs of the sea.
If a way can be found to curcumnvent
the tricky politician and lspoillnan,
President Roosevelt will find it. He has
proved to be more than a nmtch for all
who have attacked his position on any
lited his democratlc critics.
The lhrt rsrvoi Or contenimplated by the
new government Irrigation law is for
the Gila river, in Southern Arizona. At
a cost of $1,000,000 it is believed tht reser
voir will reclaim an arid tract of 100,000
The Missoulian contains an announce.
ment of the sale of a number of second- L
hand slot machines. The time has at
last arrived when the nimble nickel is
saved to the church contribution. box.
The I'nitcld States merclhantt marine
has decayed to almost the point of ex- a
tinction, because our shipping alone of t
all our industries ha:l not been protected iI
fromn foreign colmpetition.
1)espite the fact that this country ac
knowledges many ac(t of courtesy fromn
Germany, the memory of the Il oh lnilt ive ,
laws passed to exc!ude Alilelrihan ipol
Note ithstanding the s!gns of car'ly,
spiring, there tre indications of a severe
frost on the democratic admninistrationt's
plan to retain control of the city council.
General Funston is talking as straight
and sharply aas4e, fought, and he is put
ting the "antis" to flight as erlectually
as he did the Fi!ipinoes.
Owing to circumstances over which it I
has no control, not many wheels are
turnIng at the lHub
SENATOR HOAX'S OBJECTIONS
"" t. Pa.l (;lobe.]
No one will dispute the eminence as Sa j
constitutional scholar and lawyer of the! a
senior senator fIom Massachusetts. lil f
is the only man now in public life who
has stood boldly against the movement
so long In progress to secure an amend. ,
ment of the federal constitution making
the federal senators electilve by the s
direct vote of the people of the several u
states. Indeed, he may be said to t
the only man in public life that al s
stated an Intelligent reason why o
amendment should not be adopted si oelI
its discussion was first opened. I-e LIM vN
ever had the courage of his convlctlins, t
and his posetion that the proposd s
amendment will be Jn grave violatel L
of the political compact among the say- v
eral states forming the Union originall!, n
in one which is well founded should ns-e a
ceive the gravest consideration from all t
Amerlean, electors. t
if, on the other hand. it is found that h1
there is no substantial basis for the ob- a
je;tion raised by Henator Hoar neither:
his learning nor exalted standing In thet I
public life of the United States ought:
to operate to lend to his arguments apy t
more rdgnificance than histo'y and the a
practical political hearings of the pro
posed amendment entitle them to.
The federal constitution declares that'
the senators shall be elected by the s
legislatures of the several states, and f
that in the event of vacancies the execu
tives of the several states shall have the
power to make temporary appointments
until the next regular session of the
legislature. The underlying idea of the t
provision is that the state as a political
entity shall be reproesented by two sen
ators, no matter what its size, popula
tion or wealth may be. The two main,'
contentions of Senator Iloar, so far as I
they are generally understood, go to the
view that by making senators elective t
the state is deprived of a right secured I
to it of selecting its representatives In i
the smnaller' legislative Ibranch of the;
general government according to the i
bmanner spetiiied in the constitution and ,
agree.l to by the several states origi
()n another page Is printed an maccount'
of tihe death of (int. Tlhomas Franels:
Mlragher, by the pen of ('ol. W. F. San-:
ders. Ilheretofore there has .been a di-t
ver.:ty of opinion r-especting the exacti
nIltlLtaer in which (;ne-ral Meagiter rhet
his deathl, and the stuory, as graphicailyy
told by ('lonel Sandters, is of more than'
ordinarry interest. Colonel Sanders has
sketched with gifted lien the occdr
retnces of the fateful day which took`
from Montana one of its most talented
piolneer citizens, and his contribution to
the historical literature of the state will
meet with due appreclation.
!. 111IOIHu1i'tre iseu recenfty If jNewt r
)rk who was blind nearly all his life,' el
Id who had a standing reward of a' e z
IIllon dollars to anyone who would re- 'h
are his vision. As the drtft was pay
le on silght and his case was Incurable,
: r'.wvard was never claimed.
',olonel IBryan threatens to he as great he
1 annoyance when outside the list of 11
tndidattes as when leading the demo- alt
atlic hosts to def' at. lie has served ort
otice upon all who oppose himn that he to
t still in the ring politically and will ob
olt the ticket if Davld Ilennett Hill is
lade the standard bearer'.
The daily circulation of the Inter
lountain is getting close to the 11,000
nark. The business men are invlted tO. ha
all any afternoon at press time and ave fa
ie palper lprinted and circulated. po
The new currency bill will complete HU
he financial policy to which the gpv
'rnmont was committed by the voters tr
heo drove the nails into Mr. Bryants
David Bennett [till's gubernatorial
oom Is not as dirlgable as the other in
lated political lr',spects launched in the
state of New York.
The Phlllpsburg (all, which has just
,ompleted its eighth year, is a first-rate
weekly newspaper and Is a credit to l,
Granite county. in
Also a Mastodon.
[Scranton Tribune.J ul
The most startling metamorphosis.olf i
the hour is revealed in the announcement rt
that Mr. HIogg of Texas is a lion in ii'
Increase of Millions. i
INew York Mail and Expreus.]
That the gross earnings of 'the Penn- 1
sylvania railroad system for last year
reached almost $200,000,000 and showed
an increase of more than $23,000,000 ovr I
the previous year is all impre.ssive com- i
The Last or the Minstrels.
[Chleago Post.I I
PWith the deaths of "Billy"
"Billy" West and "Billy" Emerson thei
ranks of the old-time minstrelsy /are
well-nigh wiped out. Neal Bryant, who
dates from a period earlier even than
that of the three named, is said to be at
the point of death, and there are, one
believes, none of his generation of eavler
negro minstrelsy living. 1
Growth of Russla. 1
[London Express.] '
The census return of the Riusslandi biii
pIre has now been Issued, and shows a
large increase on the last. The empl.e
now contains 129,000,000 people, of whom
107,000,000 dwell in Europe, the other' 22,
000,000 being accounted for the Siberia
and Turkestan. Three towns In ' the
great empire have more than 500,000 .i.-'
habitants-via., St. Petersburg, 1,260,718;
Moscow, 988,%00. and Warsaw, 614,800 'i-.
habitants. In 120 large towns the male.
population is in excess of the female.
pally, a manner which relieves the gen
te and 4ts members from amenability M
o the changing Influencel of popular bs
ontrol, and that the character of the
enete is thereby changed materially ,
tmmthat originally designed it should
The right of the state as a whole to at
slect its own senators through -the pop
lar vote preserves to asll practical In- N
ants its prerogatives as a pollt:cal
etity under the constitution; while rec- ha
gnlzlng the right of the people to par
icipate directly, and without the Inter
,notJon of other machinery In the selec- w
on of those who shall speak for their
aute In that body. The objection that
y reason of great population or other
ise one locality may have a p:edomi
ant influence in the selection of the
nhators, does not seem to be very prac
ical in character, especially in view of
h- fact that it is designed to have co
gislative districts constituted as nearly cO
. possfble an equality of population.
Are the po.,lible evils wbirch Senator
lar outlines of as much concern to the
epqlce or to the constitutional system of a
Ih country as to demand that the gross (I
ni vital evils which have arisen out of
ihe mode of election now prevailing,
rhereby rich men are in the senate by
cItue, in many instances, of their pos
,-sion of great wealth, and their ability hc
nil wallingness to use that wealth cor
uIlly for their own aggrandisement,
hail ce ignored? The Globe does not
link so. And the Intelligent sentiment th
if the country is merely expressed by H
hi c;lobe and all other newspapers and
ilcic' men who have given the subject
Alcn.,tor Berry has done the country in
ndl the several states a service, and he hi
is acted In the line of the preservation
if the constitution in its original vigor ?
ccl cig.niticance, In forcing the measure
riwar'ctd "."F'action by the senate. The w
ene'rtl discussion which is certain to tl
'esuilt cancot operate otherwise than to at
he advantage of the constitutional right
if th(e pople as well as of the several E
itates and of the United States.
The Duke of Marlborough Is believed
0o Ie the possessor of the costliest paint- 1
ing In the worl, Itaphael's "Blenheim
Madonna," painted in 1507 and now o
valued at $350,000. I
President Roosevelt has found time to
irepare the clanuscript for a new .book 1
in the deer of North America. The vol
cme is one of a series, and will be Is- v
sued in the early sumnmer. t
President. Loubet of France has re
ceived an autograph letter from the c
czar asking him to visit St. Petersburg.
The end of May will probably be decided
upon as the time for the visit.
Jullette Toutaln, a golden-haired girl r
pianist of Paris, who achieved a vie
tory for wo an in having won a prize I
for composition, has boldly announced
herself as a candidate for the Prix de
iRone. No woman ever did so before.
although many have won musical hon
ors. The Academy of Fine Arts had
to be consulted, and decided that no
objection could be found to the entry
of a woman in the famous villa of the
[New York Sun.]
Distrlct Attorney Jerome's effort to
have the excise law enforced on Sunday i
failed, as it was doomed to fall. The
police captains laughed at his threats,
and for the best of reasons. The po
lice have before them the proof that
suavely but determinedly arrayed I
against the enforcement of the law are
Mayor Low and the municipal adminlis
MONTANA CRUKNJ Tr N S.
Wedding at Florence.
Florence.-F. H. Donaldson and Mss
Mabel Slaght was married here on
.Billings.-The preliminary hearing of
Mrs. Orcutt for the murder of her hus
band will begin today.
Appointed to State Board.
Helena.-Governor Toole has appointed
E. A. Huese of Butte a member of the
state board of pharmacy.
Helena.--B. F. Shanley, a contractor,
has filed a petition in bankruptcy for
$4,788, alleging no assets.
Woodmen at Clancy.
Clancy.-Tuesday evening a Woodmen
of the World lodge was organized here
with 30 charter members.
Election Officers lamed.
Deer Lodge.-Judges and clerks for the
coming election were named by the city
councill at its last meeting.
Masons to Go South.
Helena.-Montana Shriners have been
asked to join the great caravan to the
('harleston exposition in April.
State House Tablet.
Helena.-The state capital commission
will pass on the design for the state
house tablet at its meeting Thursday.
Wants Land Office.
Fort Benton.-A petition is in circula
tion here praying congress to make
Havre the seat of the new landoffice.
lioulder.--lButte parties are interest
ing themselves in the Boomerang mines
here and mining activity is expected.
Wesleyans Win Match.
Helena.-The Montana Wesleyan team
won the basket ball match here against
the Agricultural College team by a
score of 21 to 15.
Missoula.-The home of Mrs. W. B.
Torbls, on South Third street, suffered
about $1,000 damage by fire yesterday
afternoon; fully insured.
Coming School Election.
Great Falls.-County Superintendent
of Schools Kerans is sending out notices
for school election to be held on the
first Saturday in April.
Narrow Guage Road.
Shelby.-New tracks for the widening
of the narrow gauge here are being put
in for the handling of the large amount
of material to be transferred here.
Helena.--Judge John W. Eddy, who
visited Livingston, Bozeman and othe"
towns, in the interest of the Workmen,
says the order is flourishing all over
Conwell Gets Ninety Days.
Missoula.-Conwell, the writer of many
love letters, was given 90 days for va
grancy yesterday. Since his incarcera
tion he has received several letters from
romantic maidens all over the country.
Tobacco Company Formed.
Helena.-The Montana Cigar Manu
facturing and Leaf Tobacco company of
Butte was Incorporated yesterday. Will
iatu F. Yaeger, Isador Pincus and
Charles Wintergrast are the Incor
Telephone Stops Wedding.
Missoula.-C. M. Mason, father of a
young girl whom Arthur L. Donaldson
of Bitter Root had eloped with,prevented
the marriage by telephoning to the
county clerk's office here and forbidding
Took Oath While Drunk.
Helena.--Something of a sensation oc
Scurred in court today when the defense
I in the timber fraud cases charged that
an important affidavit produced by the
prosecution was made while the afflant
IMMIGRATION TO CANADA.
After the trouble in the Transvaal shall t
e ended there will 'be an active demand
n the United Kingdom for emigrants
o South Africa. A vast area of fertile
ountry will have been practically depop
lated; the frontier of civilization moved
ar to the northward in Rhodesia, and t
allroads and other public works of im- t
,ortance will divide with mining and t
arming the attention of wage workers.
'he British government is anxious that t
ntending emigrantw should consider
,,uth Africa first of all when selecting a 1
uture abiding place, and as soon as
eeslble organized efforts will be made 1
it Great Britain to this end.
What the British authorities merely
riopose, however, is being actually done
it the present time by agents of the
L)ominion of Canada. These mission
tries of "Our Lady of the Snows" have
eon gathering parties of colonists in
nI'igland for several months past, and
1i a result of their efforts about 12,000
'nlgr'ants will leave British ports for
lie Dominion within the ensuing three
ltnilths. Emigrants are sent from
Liverpool to Winnipeg at a rate of $40,
di hng "specially conducted" by govern
nent agents. The Dominion govern..
tent also builds homes for the new
rcnmers, in which they may live at nomi
nl cost until firmly established in their
new life. Inducements of this sort at
tract a high class .of agricultural labor,
without offering strong inducements to
the scum of British cities. If continued
persistenly, the Dominion should reap
decided and conspicuous advantages
from the practice.
This innovation in Canadian conserva
tive methods is a mere straw, but it
shows how the wind blows in that quar
ter. There are untold riches lying hidden
in the Dominion's vast and almost un
trodden Northwest, and only an indus
trious and enterprising population of
Anglo-Saxon lineage can wrest this
wealth from its hiding places. Iron, gold,
silver, copper, lead, coal, mineral oil,
products of the forest these and their
cognate materials of commerce await
revelation in North America during
the twentieth century. In going directly
to the mother country for strong arms
and stout sinews to fight the battle with
nature the Dominion authorities have
taken a distinct step in advanbe. Immi
gration, once almost forced and coin
-pulsory, is now largely a matter of per
suasion by shrewd and eloquent em
issaries in Great Britain seem to have
made an excellent beginning.
As the independent British. colonies
draw from year to year more largely
upon the old country the share of the
Urnited States in this class of emigration
declines. Last year there came to this
country about 45,000 Immigrants from
Great Britain, only 12,000 of whom were
credited to England. Ten years ago the
immigration from England alone to the
United States exceeded 60,000, with a
still larger number from the remainder
of the United Kingdom. This is the
sturdy stock that builds up new nations
and assures free institutions wherever it
settles and remains. To lose It is like
losing the best and richest life blood of a
What the "Open, boor" Is. Worth.
[New Ydrk IHerald. 1
Among the modern, im ~ovements
which commend themselves to Chinese
women, the unbandaged foot leads the
list. They take kindly to Western shoes,
and the shoemakers ef Massachusetts
are growing hilarious at the prospect.
To make shoes for 200,000,000 women Is
a privilege which does not often present
Itself In this wicked world. Now we see
what "the open door" is worth.
$1 Knives 50c
This is our
4f light to
knives in stag ;,
Celebrated IXL. Razors, manu
factured by Geo. Wostenhohn, $1.00
This is an opportunity to get a
$2.60 razor for $1.00. It is not our
loss, simply a fortune of trade and
we want you to take advantage
Newbro Drug Co.
North lain St., Butte.
Largest Drug House In the State
Sprnl'llg trade will be here be
fore you know it, and you will
want to get your part of it. Why
not let us gild up the old sign
or paint you a new one? Per
haps a coat of varnish or paint
on the front of your store would
make it look like there were live
people with business ideas in
side ready to serve customers.
Store brightening, sign painting
and renovating are specialties
with us. Give us the chance and
we will make your store look
like a wide-awake place.
No. 14 West Broadway
Travel During the Wall
and Winter Beason
The journey to the East % A Salt
Lake City and along the gbcles
of the Great Salt Lake through
beautiful , Glenwood, Colorado
Springs and Denlver is one of un
interrupted delight ,n winter as well
as qummer. In fact, the fall and
winter seas.. -b k,)u A new
grandeur and charm to the travel
scenes and infuses an element of
variety and beauty to the unsur
passable wonders along the Rio
Grande Western sad Denver & Rio
Grande lines. Through Bleeping
and Dining Car service. Personally
conducted weekly excursions. Fqr
rates or information apply to,
Ticket Office W. r. MoBRDE
47 E. Broadway, Butte. GCe. Agent
GEORGE W. HEINTZ,
Assistant 3en. Pase. Agt.,
Salt Iake City.
We don't offer lower rates than
other lines, but we do what is bet
ter-relieve you of a world of trou
ble in selecting your route, buying
your 'ticket and reserving ygr
berth. When you call, don't be
afraid to ask questions--we'll al
Kansas City, St. Louis, Omahn,
3 routes East-via St. Paul, Den
ver or Billings.
H. F. RUQIER Agent,
8 least Broadway. Butte, Mont.
P. S.-Save many hours by tak
ing the St. Louis Special. Leaves
Butte 12:35 p. m.
TIHE BUTTE UNDERTTAK4ER
Practical Undertakers and Embalmers.
140 W. Park St., Butte. Phone 307.
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