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DAILY INTI[R MOIJNTAIN
aUsted Wvery Eveulng. Maeept Sunday. INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLISHING CO. Address all mall to Inter Mountain Publishing company. 32 West Granite Street, Butte, Moot. Official Paper of Sll\(,r owv County and City of Flutlr. SUIBSCIPTION It' 'ATIS. Per year, by mail, In advance ......$7.0 By carrier, per month................ .75 REPUBLICAN TICKET. For Aldermen. First ward--Richard Payne. Second ward-W. C. Young. Third ward-William H. Davltt. Fourth ward-W. C. Bachelor. Fifth ward-Al C. Congdon. Sixth ward-George Porter. Seventh ward-Hiram Henderson. Eighth ward-Alexander Macaulay. FRIDAY. AI'RlL 4, 1902. TE BIDOWELL BROTIlRS. A story recently pihubllhed in an IEastern paper stating that th.orge Bid well of swindling fame has 'estabitshed a printing thouse at IIrtford, (Conn., where he won the crteem and ri'plct iof his fellow-rnon, has ta 7lsultirr interest to the people of BIutte, mlany of whomnl rIe member the Illdwell brothers' visit rsome three years ago, and the death of both In this eity within a few weeks. The two brothers, toi.etlhr wit (;corge MacDilonald anlid I'llwnll NIyes Hills, swindled the Hank of Eingland out of mnlre than $1,Oi.O.000, but through a stroke of ci r'elessness on their piart they lert alrrest..l l and .,etlrcenll tLI life ill prl-onlilent. A fter .ernllinlg r(ighrten years in l ison. they 'wr.e Iree(.ed, and rsoon rlafer ltmine to Ilutll, wller Ithey died after a brief illness. Only half the money was recovered. most of it having been found in a store house in New York city long after the arrest of the rilemnltrs of the gang. The crhne, which wa: at gigant:lit one, was the work of the cleverest alnd most daring men that ever dirercted their abilities in an evil line. The attempt to conduct such operations in London was of itselt a daring one, but to choose the "Old Lady of Threadneedle Street" her self as the object of their attacik tand to su(reed ill lswin.lling her out of sabth an enorrmous amount, shlow ability rind criminal cleverness that are almlost with out a parallel. One night they got drunk, probaLbly at the anticipatllon of leaving London with a cool million in ia few days. The next day they carelessly sent to the bank a forged bill which was not dated. The clerk who received It sent It to the sup posed maker, B. W. llenderrtein, for correction, not wishing to disturb thu wealthy American gentlemen. That was their undoing, and within a few months they were all four arrested and given life sentences by the English courts. The Bldwells made many friends In Butte. By natural inatitret, generous, broad-minded men, they calne in see the folly of their ways, arrnd it was not with out it feeling of regret that the stranger remembered on meeting them 'that they were once the cleverest swindlers in the world. OUR COLONIAL COINILt. For many years the Mexican peso has been the Iprlneipal coin in circulation In the Philippine Islands. The proposition now under discuasion in congress to pro vide a circulating medium to supersede the present currency in our Asiatic archipelago is interesting 'because it is unparalleled in the history of the country. The cdhanged conditions of the Islands call for a reorganization of its currency system, and as the Unmited States has the power to fix the va~lue and legal tender quality of whatever ooin it nauy see fit, within its own Juris diction, the government has under con sideration the establishment of a dis tinctive currency for our colonial de pendencies. In 1897 the Spanish government issued a distinctive Filipino peso, which has been in circulation with the Mexican silver dollar. This coin. which contains less pure silver than the Mexican dollar, is still in circulation, but constitutes only a small percentage of the amount of sllver in use in the islands. The ex change value of the Mexican dollar, as fixed by the Philippine commission, was formerly 50 cents, and Is now at the rate of $2.10 for $1 in gold. Beside the for eign coins, of which there are a large number in use, the coins in current cir culation in the Philllppnes are: (a) Spanish Filipino silver peso. (b) Mexican dollar. (e) Filipino silver half-dollar. (d) Filipino silver peseta-20 cents. (e) Filipino sliver half - peseta--10 cents. (f) Filipino copper cuartos and centa vos. A centavo Is a cent, and a cuarto 1-160 of a dollar; so that 20 cuartos, known as one real, Is worth 12% cents, and corresponds with our Western "bit." Fiight realm, or 100 centavos or 160 cu~rtos, are one peso or duro. The foreign coins in occasional use are the Chinese tael, worth about 88 cents; Ihe Indian rupee, worth 52 cents, and the Japanese yen, which is approxt mately the same as our half-dollar. A local silver coin in common use in the Philippines Is the salapl-Tagalog word for money-a $pantsh coin, worth about 50 cents. The gold coins of the United States and the U'nlted Stat s silver dollar aMss as currency since American o-cupation. American paper money is also negotia ble, but there is very little other paper currency. DIStASE IN CUBA. No evidence of the excellent work done by Ihe rmilitary adlinincstration of (uba lar Inhe nmore nignlfh:lnt than the results o!' tlce effectlive inumeaurei of jptulic' saldl tia-onll enmllyeld in the city of Havana, a\h, re Americ.an reformsi out down the annual death rate from 25,252 to 5,720. Ainting the terrible dliseases which w\vkterd adl ha'voc, amongllg the people of t;lc I-land wereo yellow fever, smallpox aw i iluilaital atffections. I'here Is an obllect leson In the work acs ompicllhed by the, military aulthori Si~n., for we learn that there has not Iboi a it .lKgle e iof sma lipox on tthe Island in eighteen months: that yellow fever halc INen almost 'abolislhed, ancd Ih.it malarial dlsteasci have dilmlinlshel io a rremarkable decrt_,'r. Milllia y rule and imilitary reqluirtmcents w, re sclely resplonsible for this mrarverl dols I IIljirovemc'nI. (;ove'rnor G .citeln cV\ood dulrrilg his adnnilnitrationi was consldtcerd exactitlg, hbut It was only thlrouglih 1an utlrcavering Illistitn.'ce that .such a reforrmatilllon could have been ac coirc plsheId. At frs't thlice strintgenc. y a.lcoptedl by the Atli rc.;l -n ituthtrillhC tlnldedl to miake the i'iuciqs aI little r-scentful; they did riot understindl tihe nicc.t-iity of certainl regu I:al.kons; they chafIed undetlr the disccipline uce. ar cy to einforce lcgtlatltons, and th ,y were very ofrten s.uspclousc of the r'ital moti ves of the prl'vislional glovern mIlntl, but of recent years' there has been ci ccomplete transcrcfeice of sent.lmenit r.e ga:ll iling the Alr'rlcI;Iani on the part of th.. Inhabitants tof th,, islanl. The treat cnict hias been after ithe manncer of the trndicine adlminlistelred to a sick child; it cw';a no.t ait aill pleaisacnt, but the results cccn cnaIke th(u iietlhod florgotten. It wa';s haird to chalnge in two years the hlabitsl ac:quire'd w;th the ce'(turlcs. Now li is to be hiopedI that the knowledtge of good anid evil will prevent a relaps.e into lotlllcler conditiols, anlld that thel irerod retabililshedt by thei' Inlted States authoriltlies may convin.ce the local poll ticianll. that cloanlinslll s alone bring, Ini ciiuniily ctai dlisealHse. DOTSON'S EXEClIrlON. C'linton )uloton w;as hanged to:lay at Ieer Lodge for the c.rime of miiurder. Ilil execu'tion Imarks the endinig of a soeris of ('rim's, 'trials ian I ox ciitionsl which cannot fail to prove ia sdlutary les'son to criilmialls throulghout Montana. T'lhii law wali inexorable in )Dotson's case; neitliezr the skill of lawyers nor ailieails to executive clulltercy were of any avail; his punishnnllt. tougKh slow in vo)lilng, was, in 'vi w of all the cir ctimstances, merited. There will be no regrets over I)tson's end; the Imawkish seltilient which somnetlnies surroutids muiderers was not extendled to he patrl dlde, inll his taking off will scarcely be deplored by those who do lnot believe In c('aptal punishment. ('rimlnals ha\e beon ihanged In Mon tana respecting whose guilt ,there was some doubt, but there has never ,been any mnisgiving concrerning NIotlson's cul puability. Iis participation in the crime for.,whilch he was serving a 'term In prison when lie plannelllld the Imulrder of his father, stampnls him as a criminal capable of committing lhe atrocious deed for which he dlied this mnornlig. The in cidenlts of today In Doer Lodge prove that the law's nia'clinery there Is fully c:lpable of 'dealing with crlminlals of Dotron's type. The olficeºs of the law in Powell county carried out the judg ment of the court in I manner which deserves commendation. When a democratic administration fails to keep the cstree ts clean and does not enforce the laws and suppress crime It falls hack upon its financial record. IEvery voter in lutte knows that it has been an easy matter to pay the city's current expenses with the high rate of tax that exists, but the diffl cult problemn has been to govern the city with a firm hand. Firmness has not been one of the strong points of the present administration. Sensational disclosures are made today with reference to the fraudulent regis tration In the Fourth ward. The vigi lance of the telublican City Central committee has been rewarded by the dis covery of an attempt to l)erpetrate frauds, and action has been taken to bring the guilty parties to justice. The situation furnishes abundant proof of the fact that the democratic leaders know they cannot win by fair means. The chairman of the republican city central committee makes the confident prediction that the republicans will be successful in seven of the eight wards of the city. The spirit of confidence pre vails in republican ranks, land hard work is being done to win: the election in every ward. The esteemed Miner doubIless 'believes that any party that can 'swal'low the initiative and referenldum iplank and still live is worthy of the Miner's sup port. Not in years have good citizens of Butte taken such an lrrterest in crty politkis. They are 'working for the elec tion of reipublicans in evey ward. BEATING INSURANCE COMPANIES. [Ctilcago Record-Herald.] I isn't often that anybody succeedsa I getting ahead of a life insurance com pany except by actually dying. Many schemes have been tried and many pea. ph- are now serving penitentiary terms for having tried them. The furnishing of ai bogus corpse or a false death car tificate Is the most common method em ployed by people who wish to fraudu lently obtain insurance. The manager of an IEastern company has, however, discovered a new plan calculated to en able the Insured to get ahead to some extent-provided he has reasonable luck -of the concern insuring him. The method is fully set forth in the following letter from a policy holder: "I hold a pollcy in your vompany or $20,000, on which I have paid the yearly premiums. I have now to inform you that my physician advises me that I have a pronounced case of appendctie, and his diagnosis Is confirmed by a spe ciallst whom I have consulted. I am told that the only hope of saving life is an operation, which, with hospital ex penses, will cost $I100, an amount that I have no means to pay. I am sensible that I owe it to you, who have so large a pecuniary interest In my life, to give you the option to pay the cost of this operation to save my ilfe, that I may continue to pay you the yearly premiums on my policy (I believe that I am other wise strmng and healthy), or In the al ternative to pay the $20,000 to my bene ilclary within a few weeks. I am quite willing to be examined by any physician you may name and to have you select the operating surgeon. Immediate at tention Is of course imperative." The beauty of this plan is that there's nothing criminal about it. No man can be prosecuted for having appendicitis or for offering an Insurance company an opportunity to make $20,000 by investing $00. True, such a proposition might at first have the appearance of a get-rich quli'k scheme, but a little study of It shows that while the company might have to run a certain risk of losing such a result would almost certainly not be due to any conniving or underhand mrthod on the part of the other party to the transaction. The Insurance companies may not be Inclined to look with favor upon such piropositions, but they must at least ac knowledge the kindness and the disinter i,.t'ed motives of the policy holder who thus offers them the chance to cut down their death losses. Achievement and Prophecy. [Boston Herald.] President Cassatt's spin by rail from Philadelphia to New York, a distance of 90 miles in 79 minutes, is swift traveling. Still, It falls far short of Mr. Carnegie's prophecy that we shall live to see the r;alroads making 100 miles an hour. The Lesson of Ten Years Ago. [Pittsburg Dispatch.] At this time there is an abundance of pla; by which the surplus In the United S4tates treasury can be so disposed of as to make no further trouble. A little over tu years ago we were bothered with a surplus. The effort to dispose of it went the length of t'educing revenues and swelling expenditures at the same time. 'i'hk operated so effectively that for narly five years the deficiency madi a grl.t deal more trouble than the eur pluhs ever did. It is well to exercise the f.aulty of memory. The republkacn platform declared that ut Lte was never su) hadly governed as under the presen.t adminHistrttion, and to disprove this statement the S'tandard sets forth the recoaid made by the fire dpartmnent. The fire department is not under iontrol of the mayor, and the Standard knows It. In falling (back upon that form of alleged argument the of clal organ of the admlinlstration shows how badly off it is (for fatts. The esteemed Standard still insists on ke,.ping Mayor Davey's administra thin on the firing line. When the votes are counted 'and it is found that the voters have repudiated the mayor by refusing to give him a council majority there will be a perceptible shrinking In the mayor's political boom. The Stan dard has exposed him needlessly. The esteemed Standard still persists in the statemonst that the excellence of the Ilutte fire department Mt due to Mayor Davey's a.minnistratton. It is a well-known fact that the Butte fire de partment was 'taken out of politics sev eral yea;us ago, and duaring the Davey admnlni.t!ratlon no ohange eIas been made in its nmnagtement. Thanks are wlue the esteemed Miner for printing the pictures of the republi c'an leamdLiates for aldermen this mom Ing. The Miner surrendered a half page of space in a good cause, and gave its readers an opportunity to see wthait the members of the' next council will look like. The area in which paving and street cleaning is done in Butte Is smaller than that in any town of Butte's population in the United States. Yet the democratic administration finds it Impossible to keep the streets clean or In good repair. The, Inter Mountain's circulation is in creasing In every section of the state. 'It is the only paper of general circulation that brings the first Associated Press news to Montana and prints today's news today. Harmony prevails in the republican ranks iand industrious campaigning is being done. In every ward of the city there are signs of victory whfih have never been seen in former elections. Waiting for Developments. [Atlanta Journal.] The Hon. Arthur Pue Gorman appears to be holding back until ha can deter mine wthether it is going to be a deer or a calf. Repetitions of History. [Philadelphia Ledger.] It has been noticed in past seasons that talking about an early adjournment of congress does not hasten the end of the session. Spoiling for a Fight. [Pittsburg Dispatch.] One unlooked-for result of the Anglo Japanese alliance is already noted in the feverish impatience of the Orientals to start right in and whip Russia without waiting for further pretext. Beware! Beware! [Cleveland Plain Dealer.] It was jealousy that brought to light the perfidy of Colonel Grimm, the Rus slian army officer who has been sen tenced tI death for selling military secrets. An angry wife betrayed him and rid herself of him at the same time. W.hich shows that it isn't safe in that line of activity to place too much confi dence in the ladies. In Dreamland. [New York Press.] Mr. Morgan said he could not remem hier the details of the sale of $10,000.000 worth of Northern Pacific stock to Hill. "When you are dealing with tranaac tlons covering $300,000,000 or $400.000,000," he said, "you find that a $10,000,000 sale .s a small transaction." Just so. That is, we suppose it is so with real money. Usually we Wake up and find the clothes have fallen off the bed, and that it Is quite cold. PE RSOVNAL, Itt. Rev. William Paret, bishop of the 'rotestant Episcopal diocese of Mary land, recently confirmed seven bed rid dn people In one day. Captain Samuel C. Wright, Inspector of ustoms of Ioston, was in twenty-one pitched battles during the rebellion and ai as three times reported dead. ,4avorgnan De Braza, the Italian ex plorer in the services of the French government, is to be granted an an nual pension of 10,000 francs-a reward fur twenty years' service. Gonzales de Quesada is mentioned as Cuba's first diplomatic representative at WVashington. He was a prominent member of the Cuban Junta and of the Cuban constitutional convention. Sld Wilfrld Laurier Is said to be in sympathy with a project to establish a national conservatory of art in Canada and' is to advocate a yearly grant of $50,000 for the support of such an insti tution. The maharajah of Jeypore, India, will attend the coronation of King Edward in a manner quite in keeping with his luxurious mode of life. He has char tered an ocean steamer for his private use. His suite will number 120 persons. Of 14 young men and women who sang in the Zion German Evangelical Luth eran church on the Hudson county boulevard in Greenville, N. J., less than a year ago, the sixth couple will be mar ried this week and the seventh couple are engaged. It is reported that the emperor of Aus tria intends to buy the Hotel Beaurlvage at Geneva, where the empress of Aus tria died after being stabbed by the anarchist Lucchent. The hotel will probably be converted Into a sanita rium, in which will be erected a statue and chapel to the memory of the late empress. Working Well in Harness. (Philadelphia Inquirer.] About the best news which we have had from the threatened anthracite strike is the announcement that no strike is imminent. Mitchell and Hanna seem to have done their work thorough ly again. MORTM4IN IN SOUTH AFRICA. [Minneapolis Tribune.] If the reports of the will of Cecil Rlhodes are true, it will recall that of ('aesar, as interpreted by Shakespeare. lii is said to have left the most of his wealth to public uses, more or less spe cllically for education of the people In the line of Imperialist propagandism. This is an attempt to continue the work of his life; to accomplish by the dead hand what he could not accomplish with lhe living. Cecil Rhodes failed utterly in the attempt to mold great issues of uolitics through the influence of great wealth, combined with his dominant personality. It remains to be seen if the wealth will be 'more potent in the hands of trustees, with the irritating personality removed. The friends of Rhodes say that he cared nothing for money as money; that gold and diamonds were to him only in struments for carrying out great po litical designs, and that what he really coveted was power to achieve lasting results and stamp his name on the history of South Africa. What he really wanted was to unite South Africa Into one great nation under the British or an independent flag, as might be most convenient and practicable. For this he was willing to spend his vast fortune, living or dead, without any return of material profit to himself. This may be true, but the fatal mis take of Rhodes, which led to failure, dias ippointment and death for him and ter rible calamity for South Africa and the LBritish empire, was the belief that these high purposes could be accomplished by the power of money against such spirit ual sentiments as patriotism and love of freedom. The failure Is a lesson for the age as well as for him. Perhaps the blood and treasure spent In South Africa has not been wasted, since it has proved that, even in this commercial age, a whole people will fight to the death for an idea against the powers of unlimited wealth and imperial dominion. Precarious Existence. IBaltimore American.] New York is doing the best she can in the way of living beyond landslides. Too Strenuous. [Chicago Record-Herald.] Messrs. Neely and Rathbone have a very poor opinion of the Cuban laws. A Long-Jelt Want. [Atlanta Constitution.] There ought to be some way by which our self-made heroes can have their titles registered and their credentials certified by the clerk of the town meet ing. Prof. Loeb's. Researches. [Philadelphia Ledger.] There seems to be a mistake about Professor Loeb. He is not trying to arrest death, but to produce so much life that death wil become a factor of no Importance. John Conway Hilled. Stockett.-John Conway was killed In Mine No. 2 by an explosion. Fat Cattle Shipped. Dillon-Twenty-seven carloads of fat cattle have been shipped to Omaha mar kets this week. Quarrel Ends Fktally. Great Falls-Harry Stokes, colored, died from effects of a blow on the head administered by Bill Haywood, also col ored, during a quarrel. -4-- Guilty of Manslaughter. Livingston.-Hugh Lackey, accused of the murder of Michael Shimers. which occurred two months ago, was found guilty of manslaughter. New Banking House. Choteau-The new banking firm of Hirshberg Brothers is opened for busi ness. Julius H4rshberg Is resident man ager, and Ed. Hirshberg cashier. .---6-@ Appeal Granted. Helena-The court denied the motion to dismiss the appeal in the case of J. A. Riddell against the Peck-Williamson company, appealed from Gallatin county. -4 Thirteen Doctors. Helena-Thirteen of the twenty appli cants passed a successful examination before the state examining board. Dr. F. W. MoCrimmon of Butte was elected president of the board. Court Reversed Itself. Helena-The supreme court has decid ed to grant a new trial in the case of Fannie Matusevitz vs. Lillie R. Hughes, administratrix of the estate of the late Sheriff Reynolds of Butte. --4 Losses Light. Glendive.-Stockmen report losses as very light during the big storm last week. The most serious loss was that sustained by P. B. Moss of Billings who lost 2,000 out of 6,000 Just brought into the range. Lowry Gets the Land. Helena.-The land office reports that the secretary of the interior passed fa vorably on the claim of Joseph H. Lowry to 320 acres near White Sulphur Springs. The Northern Pacific was the other claimant. -- Secures Patents. Helena--The board of land commis sioners has received patents to 2,280 arres of land in Meagher county belong ing to their deaf and dumb school fund and 236 acres In Missoula county belonging to the public school fund. -4-+ School Bonds Sold. Livingston-The $25,000 bonds voted on last week have been sold to the Union Bank & Trust company of Helena at a premium of $555 at a rate of 4%s per cent. It Is proposed to have the new buildings completed by September 1. "8ockless" Simpson. Miles Clty.-,Ex-Congressman Jerry Simpson will deliver an address before the Montana Stock Growers' association meeting ait Miles City April 15, anad may then attend the North Montana Round Up association meeting at Helena April 18. Immense Dam. Bozeman-The Bozeman Creek Reser voir company is preparing to build an immense dam at the head of Bozeman creek to store water for irrigation pur poses. The dam will cost $10,000, and will be 200 feet across by 140 feet thick, with a solid masonry core through the center. International Wire Fence. Great Falls-The Canadian govern ment has appropriated $10,000 toward erecting a barbed wire fence along the line between Canada and Montana, ex tending from St. Mary's lake to the Sweet Grass hills. Spencer Brothers, a Montana cattle firm, will pay an equal sum toward building the fence. -4- Poolrooms Heavily Taxed. Great Falls-The ordinance to heavily tal stock rooms and poolrooms was passed. Two democrats and two repub licans voted aye and two democrats voted no, The license for horse race pools is $100 a quarter In advance and stock room pools, where stocks and grain are sold, must pay $500 a quarter in advance. Wednesday $27.50 FOR $1.00 AT Newbro Drug Co Butte, Mont. The Afternoon Paper Of the Great Northwest The Butte Daily Inter Mountain Established Twenty-One Years, Gives to Adver tisers Most For the Money DENVER Lo 6RANOE Travel During the Pall and Winter Season The Journey to the East A Salt Lake City and along the -cres of the Great Salt Lake through beautiful Glenwood, Colorade Springs and Denver Is one of an Interrupted delight in winter as well au qummer. In fact, the fall and winter seaso. *U t u now grandeur and charm to the travel scenes and Infuses an element of variety and beauty to the unsurt passable wonders along the Rio Grande Western and Denver & Rio Grande lines. Through Sleeping and Dining Car service. Personally conducted weekly excursiona. For rates or information apply to. Trcket Office W. M. BItRDE 47 E. Broadway. Butte. Gea. Agjnt GEORGE W. HEINTZ, Asslstant Gen. Pass. At., Salt Lake City. The Only Trainr That Does It The St. Louis Special is the only train that takes you through to Kansas City and St. Louis without a single change of cars. All meals are served in dining cars, and you can ride in a palace sleeper, a tourist-sleeper, or a comfortable reclining chair-car. Just as you prefer. H. F. RUCER, Agent,. 35 East iroadway, Butte, Mfln P. S.-Three routes east-via Denver, St. Paul and Billings.