DAILY INTIR MOUNTAIN
Issued Every Evening. Except Sunday.
NI ER MOL'NTAIN PUBLISHING CO.
Address all mail to Inter Mountain
s6 \Vest Granite street. Dutte., Mont.
Official Paper of Silver Bow County and
City of Butte.
Per year, by mail, in advance .......$7 So
fly carrier, per month ............ 75
Editorial Roomns.........4Sa8-( rings)
Business Office ...........4s8-(r ring)
TUESI)AY, JULY 8, 1902.
ARE THE PEOPLE TO BE DEFIED?
Is the lawmaking power of 6n,ooo
people in Butte to be defied by the pool
rooms, or any one of them?
Are the mayor, city council and the chief
of police so weak and nerveless or so dis
regardful of their own sworn duty as to
allow pool selling in this city's corporate
limits in flagrant violation of an ordinance
passed only !ast week in response to the
demandls of the lbsiness men and other
taxpayers of the conlunuity?
Must this city be made ridiculous Iy a
few weak bluffs at enforcing the law, fol
lowed by a hasty retreat of the officers
charged with its enforcement?
\\'hat has race track gambling, three
miles away fromi town, to do, with polroonl
gambling in the heart of the city, and
why should the latter lie allowed because
of the existence of the other? The doc
trine that one man may break the law
because hle lelieves that another breaks
it also, is new to the people of Iluttc.
The fact is, hoiwcver, that such an argsu
ment is without honesty, plausibility or
merit. There is no doult of the power (,f
the city government to prohibit pool-sell
ing within the city limits. but there is
much doubt of its power to pIrohibit pool
selling on a race track beyond the city
limits. In any event, the district court this
mornIing issued an order restraining the
city froml interfering with the race track
business. That order has the effect of law
till a hearing shall lie had and a decision
reached. There was no such order issued
in favor of the city poolrooms. The dif
fcrence between the two ,rolpositioi( s is
vast and easy to understand.
But there are more reasons for keeping
the racing association and the poolrooms
separate. There is no present demand
among the business men for the suppres
sion of pool selling, because the racing men
came here in good faith and have a right
to fair treatmlent. The poolrooms, on the
Contrary, are run in opposition to the
public will and the public interest. They
bleed the community of thousands of dol
lars daily, ruin hundreds of young men
and old, and seriously affect the business
of the community. The poolroom is a
public curse and ought to be suppressed.
the race track, with its 500 horses, zoo
owners and scores of jockeys and stable
mnent, is a different proposition. It does
not follow that a city ordinance against
pool selling affects both the poolrooms and
the track alike so long as the first is
within the conceded jurisdiction of the
City council and the other is not, so far
as known. W\herc all betting is objec
tionahle, somie may be more demoralizing
and illegal than the other.
But what does the city government pro
pose to do? One alderman says lie will re
sign uuless it shall carry out the law of
its own making and stop the city pool
rooms. lie should not resign, but, on
the contrary, should remain and fight for
the supremacy of the people in local legis
lation. Since the court has temporarily
remcoved the race track from possible in
terference of the city officials, it only re
mains for them to carry out the provisions
of the ordinance prohibiting poolrooms.
Why should any officer default in the
performance of his duty? If a poolroom
is opened, why is it not summarily closed?
The good men and women of Butte
are not to be deceived or put off. Public
business and public morality alike demand
that the law be enforced within the city
limits, regardless of what may happen out
aide. if this is a law-abiding communlity
in which good citizens are entitled to have
their wishes honored and their interests
protected, let the city authorities act with
.proper regard to their official oaths. There
will Ie only one way to account for any
SHis honor the mayor, the council and
the chief of police have the good name of
Butte, if not, indeed, its future welfare,
In their own hands. Have they the cour
age and honesty and public spirit to per
form their duty, or do they intend to play
second fiddle to an clement that proposes
defiantly to break the law and bring the
law-mtaking power into ridicule and con
Aldermain Baciclor's interview today re
$lects the sentiment of the good people of
Butte, and any public onficer who shall
disregard that sentiment will do so :,t his
peril. The fight against the poolrooms is
lot a newspaper senlsation, but it is the
people's demand that they be closed, and
it must be respected.
As before stated, the race track issue
has been removed from the arena for the
present by the order of the court and can
he settled later. At present there is no
demand that the horsemen be interfered
with. The only Issue is the poolroom
issue, and the men whose duty it is to deal
with that issue are the mayor, the city
council and the chief of police.
To those men the people of Butte are
looking for the enforcement of the law
and the vindication of the dignity of its
There are good men in tie city council
on whom the taxpayers depend at this
juncture. The mayor has said he favors
the suppression of poolroom gambling;
the chelt of police will deserve the com-.
mendation of Ioth the council and the
mayor if lie will do his duty without fear,
favor or hesitation.
At a late hour it is stated that the city
goverrnmcnt will ignore the violation of
the poolroom ordinance unless it shall
have power also to suppress race track
A nore outrageous Illisconstruction of
:a solemn duty couldl not he imagined. As
well might the officials, in case of the
arrest of two imen for a criminal offense,
tuir:n one loose, because of inability to con
vi't the other. Surely Mayor Davey, the
head of the Ilutte city goverlinent, will
not allow his administration to become
contemlptible as well as ridiculous by per
Ilitting the anti-poolroom ordinance to be
ignored simply because a court injunction
protects the race track. That wouldl be, in
deed, a roaring farce and a disgrace to the
'The llter Mountain is confilent that
Mayor Davey is too loyal a citizen of
Muite and that the coinicil contains too
imany good men to justify the apprehen
si,l, that the enforcement of the law has
Ibecome iiimpossible or that minnor o4cials
will be allowed to assume dictatorial power
in opposition to the wishes and demands
of the buusinless and moral clement of the
POLITICAL POWER OF THE WEST.
It is not many years since that the
I'Eastrn iimembers of congress, cspecially
witl a little help from the Soiith, were
able to pass or defeat any bill that catme
before that body. This is not true now.
The influences of the \Vest in shaping na
tional affairs is becoming more and more
in evidence. l'articularly was this influ
ence made apparent during the session of
congress just closed. Notwithstanding the
strong pressure which was brought to hear,
the Last found it impossible to pass the
Cuban reciprocity bill, a measure of doubt
ful expediency, and which would have
been clearly iunimical to Western interests.
The West had to be consulted, and the
West was not ready to give its consent
to the passage of this measure.
The power of the western section of the
country was made particularly conspicu
ous in the passage of the irrigation bill.
fThe Eaht has heretofore been able to hold
this lmatter inl abeyance, but this session
the \Vest was able to score a complete
victory. This is well set forth by the
Washington correspondent of the Salt Lake
Tribune. W\'hen the bill was first intro
ducel in the lower house of congress
every republican leader from Eastern
states and 'Middle states was radically
opposed to it. They were organized to
snmother it out or to prevent its being
voted upon, and would have persisted in
that policy but for the active intercession
of President Roosevelt.
(On the subject of the paternity of the
bill, the correspondent very correctly avers
that it is only fair to say that the pains
taking labor of Senators WVarren, Ilains
brough, I)ietrich, Kearns and Gibson, the
latter of Montana, and Representative
Mondell are entitled to first consideration.
These menn met early in the session and
by unremitting night sessions worked dili
gently and agreed to smother all pet theo
ries, met each other half way in a policy
of give and take, and thus reached con
clusions which resulted in a bill entirely
satisfactory to the senate and nearly to the
house, the final almendmlents being imlllra
terial in one sense.
To the unltiring work of these Iuen and
a few others is due the lion's share of
the credit for the preparation and success
of this law for the reclamation of the
semi-arid lands of the WVest. Not one of
them is entitled to the sole credit for it,
lnor can any one of thmct claim to have
originated it. The several wise provisions
it contains are deductions from the best
ideas which experience proved to be sound,
and they were whipped into shape by this
self-appointed committee of Western sen
ators and congressmen, whose preliminary
meetings were held in Omaha and Chey
enne last sulnuner. Senator Dietrich was
active in arranging for these preliminary
meetings and continued to work with the
members until the first draft of the bill
was finished. It is therefore a composite
bill, but a bill formulated by Western men
and passed by Western influence. It will
be of inestimable value to the whole coun
try, the East as well as the WVest, and will
go a long way toward extending the power
of the West in national affairs.
Tie Inter Ilfountaini today publishes an
interesting aln valuable table concerning
the arrival and departure of the Butte
mails, the hours of closing, steamship con
nections, etc. The information contained
in the table will be found invaluable to the
business m.t ;and is obtained for publica
tion tlhrough the courtesy of Postmlaster
Irvin, actiing on the public behalf.
It is highly suggestive that English
kings fall Wl around the Fourth of July.
A GREAT FEAR IN THE EAST.
The Boston Herald affects a great fear
that the business of building cargo ships1
for the trans-Pacific trade is being over
done. Says our contemporary:
We are shipping enormous quantities of
merchandise across the Atlantic and re
quire large vessels to carry our products;
ibut the trade across the Pacific, at least1
the regular trade, has not yet assumed cor
responding proportions, and hence it may
be that for regular services the vessels
which are being built will be found £f5'
larger than the needs of the service de
This is born of the general Eastern
notion that the East is the whole thing
and the West need not be taken into ac
count. Gradually our Eastern friends and
neighbors will get over this tired feeling.
In March the little new port of Tacoma
shipped more wheat than either Boston
or New York. In fact, Tacoma in that
month shipped more wheat than any port
in the United States. This was surpris
ing and sad news to Eastern newspapers,
and very few of them had the heart to
print it. Certainly none of them made any>
extended comment on the remarkable situ
ation. They buried the depressing fact'
in a lot of export statistics and let it go
Not only was Tacoma first in the export
trade of wheat in March, but another Pa
cific port, San Francisco, was second.
That was another blow to the big, boastful
cities of the Atlantic coast, particularly
New York, Boston and Ilaltimore-all
large exporters of wheat. They will get
used to these rude shocks as time rolls
on and the I'acilic trade increases.
The development of the PIlippines will
mean a lot for Pacific shipping. The trade
with Japan and China is expanding enor
mously, and at the present time there is
not tonnage enough afloat in the Pacific
to take care of it. The Chinaman is
yearning for Western wheat to take the
place of his rice, which after a good many
centuries is beginning to pall on his deli
cate stomach. The demand in Japan for
American machinery, including locomo
tives, railroad equipment, bridge material,
etc., is sufficient in itself to keep a goaod
many ships busy.
Our Boston contemporary need not lose
any sleep over the alleged over-production
of ships for the Pacific trade.
A GOOD SIGN.
A favorable sign of the times is the re
markable actiity in production of all
classes of railroad equipment. This in
dulstrial movement began six months ago
and no reaction is yet in sight. The New
York ('ommercial, ahich keeps a close
watch on the trend of business affaijs,
says that every plant of this kind in the
country has sold its product to its full
capacity for from four to eight months
ahead. The demand for locomotives is
such that for a number of months the
orders received each month have exceeded
the output for that month.
The heaviest type of equipment ever
employed in the history of railroading in
any country is now being manufactured
almost universally. The revolution in rail
road practice begun abuot two and one-half
years ago by the substitutittion of heavy rails
for light ones, and has extended gradually
through every branch of railroad equip
ment until now its full effect is being felt
by the makers of locomotives. By far the
greater numbler of locomotives ordered now
are of a heavier type than those formerly
emplloyed for the same duty. This means
heavier bridges alnd an increased demand
All this has helped to swell the business
of the steel companies and had no small
part in creating their larger profits last
year, which, as noted in yesterday's Inter,
Mountain, they will share during the pres
ent year with their workingmen to the
extent of $4.ooo,ooo.
Western roads still occupy first place
as purchasers of railway equipment, both
as to locomotives and cars. When the re
sults of the government's irrigation work
begin to be apparent it will doubtless have
a very considerable el'fect on railroad im
provement and traffic in the \Vcest and
Northwest. It all means an increased de
mand for labor and general ,prosperity.
A W\V..KERi\'.I.e alderman is quoted as
saying that in the event of the pool
rooms in Butte being closed they would
find a home and a welcome in Walker
ville. The same authority says this is
almost the unanimous opinion of the coun
cil of that suburb. Some times council
men fail to reflect public opinion and
this is no doubt such a case. Walker
ville is the home of workingmen, and
workingmen as a rule are not the pat
rons of poolrooms. If the temptation was
constantly before them they might be
come victims of this form of gambling
and for that reason Walkerville should
not encourage poolrooms. It is to be
hoped, in the interest of public decency,
that the aldermen of our suburban town
have not been correctly quoted. If it is
a fact that they favor the opening of
poolrooms they are not the kind of alder
men a self-respecting community should
have. It would be a very thin farce to
close the poolrooms in Butte and open
them immediately in Walkerville.
P.FesLofsr Roosl:VEILT, through his sec
retary, has notified the authorities in
Springfield, Ill., where the president will
be a guest of the state board of agriculture
in October, that there will be no reception
and no public handshaking. This rule was
inaugurated at the recent Yale bi-centen
nial and worked well. Yale students, as
a rule, carry nothing more deadly than a
baseball bat or a football. But Mr. Roose.
velt had to "try it on the dog" somewhere,
and Yale was as good a place as any. It
is a sensible rule. By its non-observance
the assassin found his opportunity at
T*I'issu seems to be some uncertainty
in the minds of the people of Oregon as
to where Mr. Tracy will spend the sum
PEOPLE WE MEET.
A RCHIBALD GRAY of the Great
Nr orthern office of this city is one of
'the busy men. Hle has taken on added
responsibilities since the plans were laid
for the Elks' junket to the good city of
Salt Lake and has been chosen chairlan
of the transportation committee, with
power to act.
Mr. Gray will look out for the transpor
tation for the Elks who leave Butte for
the Saints City on the day appointed, and
has in mind many excellent wrinkles for
Vie comfort of the travelers which only
a trained and practical railroad man would
ever think of. lie is in Helena today and
is picking up some raveled odds and
ends of railroading in the capital, and in
cidentally looking after matters in con
nection with the office of transportation
manager of the Elks.
"There is to be a purple day," said Mr.
Gray before he left for Helena. The big
event in Salt Lake will be preceded by a
day of much significance in this city,
where Elks from every section of the state
will gather to form the Montana con
tingent. The date of departure has been
set and all the arrangements will be com
pleted in due time.
"The purple day of the Elks will be the
maddest, merriest day Butte has seen for
many a moon; the trip to Salt Lake will
have to be exciting in the extreme if it
throws in the shade the purple day of the
OUR FREE PARLIAMENT.
letters From the People on Toplus of
That Famine in Nickels.
To the Editor of the Inter Mountain:
AnL article in regard to the present
famine in nickels, appearing in your is
sue of July 7, leads me to hope that you
will print a few lines in regard to the
remarkable scarcity of money of other
denominations. Nickels are not the only
kind of money we need in the West.
There are absolutely no bills of a denonsi
nation smaller than $5 to be had out in
Wh'y is, it that there are no $z or
$2 bills to be had? Is there no use for
small bills in Montana? I have spent
a week now in your beautiful city and
in that:tjime have succeeded in collect
ing, in change, a huge pocketful of sil
ver coins. 'these are bulky and hard to
handle, ,yet I can get no other small
money, unless I go to the bank. The
scarcity of small bills and small coins
is truly one of the wonders of the West.
Butte, July 7.
On Selling Liquor to Indiana.
To the Editor of the Inter Mountain:
I notice in your issue of July 7 an
account of a mix-up between two Indians
of the Crce tribe, named, in raillery, of
course, "Neck Yoke Bill" and "Georgie
the Dancer." In your account of the
affair, the quarrel is attributed to liquor.
If this is the case, the matter should be
investigated and the guilty parties pun
ished at once.
During the street parade on the Fourth
considerable beer was handed around pro
mi;icuously from a beer wagon in the line
and it was noticed that some of the In
dians who participated in the pageant re
ceived their share. Possibly those who
gave the beverage away did not know
they were violating a government law
by giving the Indians liquor, but they were
doing it just the same anld are amenalAe
for it. Either the sale or gift of intoxi
cating liqluor to an Indian is punishable
by line or imprisonment or both, and the
law in regard to the matter is strict.
Stuart, July 7.
Senor Ojeda, who is to be the new Span.
ish minister to the United States, is said
to be a man of splendid character, among
his numerous acconmplishments being his
ability to speak the English language per
The oflice of postmaster in Hobart, Ind.,
has been held for four years by Miss Jen
nie Spray. Recently, when some poli
ticians put up a male candidatq to replace
her, the town rose in protest and a large
delegation secured Miss Spray's reap
David McMahon, a wealthy contractor
of Philadelphia, has sailed for Ireland, his
intention being, it is said, to buy a historic
castle near Limerick, which he will turn
into a summer residence, or perhaps a
permanent abode. Mr. McMahon in times
past has purchased large pieces of real
estate in Ireland.
Theophilus Ii. Porter, for 46 years a
newspaper carrier in Lynn, Mass., retired
from business last week, having male
enough moUty to keep him comfortably
for the rest of his life. In all that time
he has walked about 15 miles every day
but Sunday, when he went to church reg
ularly, as lie does not believe in Sunday
Miss Henrietta Aiken Kelly of Charles
ton has gone Into silk culture at her South
Carolina home. She has studied silk
works for years at various places in
Europe, especially on the estate of the
due de I.itta Visconti-Arese at Milan,
Italy, where silk culture has been carried
on for about 6oo years. Her project has
attracted the attention of the national de
partmnent of agriculture, for which Miss
Kelly will prepare a manual for public dis
The IJ i'tStat
"Rattlesnake Harry" Fined,
[PaCIAL TO INTERa MOUNTAIN.] .
Fort Benton, July 8.-"Rattlesnake"
Harry Gould has been fined $So and sent
enced to 30o days in jail by Judge Sul
livan for petit larceny.
Milk River Over Banks.
[SPECIAL TO INTER MOUNTAIN.]
Havre, July 8.-Milk river is at flood
height, overflowing its banks. The county
bridge near Chinook is reported as likely
to go out in the flood if the river con
Bids for New Library.
[SPECIAL TO INTEr MOUNTAIN.]
Great Falls, July 8.-The city council at
its meeting last night called for bids to be
opened July a8 for the construction of the
Carnegie free public library building in ac
cordance with the plans of Architect
'Haire of Helena. The bids are not to ex
Bale of Unoccupied Lands.
(SPECIAL TO INTER MOUNTATN.]
Helena, July 8.-The register of the
state land office, Thomas D. Long,- will
conduct a sale of land at Virginia City
Wednesday, offering for sale or lease all
of the unoccupied state land in Madison
county, and those upon which leases will
have expired. Another sale will be con
ducted Saturday for Beaverhead county at
Given Sixty Days.
([SPP.IAL. TO INTER MOUNTAIN.]
Billings, July 8.-The O'Rourke fam
ily was very much in evidence yesterday
ill Justice Frazier's court. The husband
and father was arrested on July 2, on
compalint of his wife, and the evidence
showed that things were lively in the
neighhorhood of the O'Rourke home that
evening. Justice Frasier assessed punish
ment at 6o days.
Will Not Attend Big Meeting.
[IsrPIctAL To INTEnR LOUNTAIN.]
Helena, July 8.-Owing to the fact
that they have not been able to get suit
able reductions on rates from the rail
roads in Montana to make it an object for
the Knights of Pythias of the state to at
tend the grand conclave to be held in San
Francisco next month, it is announced
that the date of the meeting of the grand
lodge in Montana will Ise changed from
early in August to September.
Bears Growl Down Prices.
[RPECIAL TO INTER MOUNTAIN.]
Billings, July 8.-There was a slight
tendency on the part of buyers to press
down prices in the wool market yester
day, but prices remained better than those
of last year on similar clips of wool. Last
year I.D. O'Donnell sold at 1a cents. He put
up his clip yesterday and received several
bids, the best one being from J. Williams
& Co. Mr. O'Donnell states that it was
better than I 2 cents, but he refused it,
and his wool will be put up again later
on. His clip amounts to 3o,ooo pounds.
Ranchman Commits Suicide.
[sI'ECIAL TO INTEI MOUNTAIN.]
Big Timber, July 8.-Richard Cosgriff,
a prominent stockman living at Grey Cliff
about 14 miles east of this city, committed
suicide at I o'clock yesterday forenoon
by shooting himself through the heart
with a 32-caliber revolver. Cosgriff was
43 years of age and leaves a widow and
five children besides a father and thi--e
brothers, two of the latter being sock
men with ranches at Grey Cliff. He was
a member of the Knights of Pythias lodge
of this city, under whose auspices the fu
neral wil: be held.
Great Falls Wool Market.
[SI'El'.tl TO INTER MOUNTAIN.]
Great Falls, July 8.-The Great Falls
wool market opened yesterday with two
small offerings on the floor, 30 sacks,
weighing about o10,500 pounds, being of
fered by Mrs. George Edwards of Stan
ford, and 40 sacks, weighing about 14,00ooo
pounds, being offered by Frank Degner.
The l)egner clip was sold to Barraclough,
representing J. Koshland & Co. for 134;
cents. FI. W. Thayer made the high bid
on the Edwards wool, which was after
ward telephoned to Mrs. Edwards for ac
ceptance, she not being in the city to at
tend the sale.
A well-bred person is one who doesn't
boast about it.
When it comes to earning a living some
men are dead ones.
When the office-holder loses his grip he
does less handshaking.
A small boy's ideal hero is another boy
who runs away from school.
A pessimist is a man whb believes that
every chestnut has a worm in it.
The man who likes to lhear himself talk
is usually the only one who cares to hear
Might Have Been a King.
[From the London Chronicle.]
The royal visit to Knowsley recalls the
fact that the head of the great house of
Stanlgy came not long ago very near to
wearing a crown. That was so lately as in
the lifetime of Edward, fourteenth earl of
Derby, the gouty "Rupert of Debate," to
whom the throne of Greece, at a distracted
moment of that country's fortunes, was un
doubtedly offered, but by whom it was de
clined. The fact is well known in family
history, out unfamiliar, we think, is the re
markable coincidence that, years earlier,
a very young traveler, not yet a member of
the parliament in which tie was afterward
to be the chancellor of the exchequer in
that same Earl of Derby's administration,
scheduled the crown of Greece among his
"might have beens." It was Disraeli's
dandy period and the close of the year
183o. He was a visitor to Athens, and the
Greeks, who then also were seeking for a
king, were so "utterly astounded" by his
appearance, and the magnificent whimsical
Ity of his costume that "a regular crowd"
gathered around his quarters, and he had
to "come forward and bow like Don Miguel
and Donna Maria." Not to his father or
to his sister, and therefore not in the hiub
lished "lHome Letters, is to be found this
naive confession, addressed from the spot
to a lady who was at that time his dearest
friend: "Had I £25,ooo to throw away.f
might, I really believe, increase my head
aches by wearing a crown."
TO BUY A
Two, three or four quart Syringe,
quality guaranteed. Your choice
We have just received a large ship
ment of these goods, as well as HOT
WATER BOTTLES and ATOMIZERS.
This week we make a special price
on Fountain Syringes and give a guar
antee with each one.
Newbro Drug Co.
sop North (lain St., Butte.
James E. Keyea, president and geo
Largest Drug House in the State.
Little prices often bring disap
'pointment, because little prices are
never coupled with good Wall Paper
qualities. There is cheap Wall
Paper to be had in many places,
but you will find none of it here;
it must be good to be here,
and it must be worth the price we
ask for it when it leaves here. Any
price lower than ours means a
quality inferior to outrs. You may
save in the price, but if you do you
will surely loose in the quality by
SCIIATZLEIN PAINT CO.
14 West Broadway
Fall and Winter
The jou:ncy to the East via Salt
Lake City and along the shores of
the Great Lalt Lake through beautifu'
Glenwood, Colorado Springs and
Denver is one of uninte-rupted de
light in winter as well as summer
In fact, the fall and winter seasons
adds but a new grandeur and charm
to the travel scentes and iifuses an
element of variety and beauty to the
unsurpas.able wonders along the Rio
Granile Western and Denver & Rio
Granie lines. Through Sleeping and
Dining Car scrvice. Personally con
ducted weekly excursions. For rates
or information apply to,
W. C. flclRIDB
Tickit Olfice -
47 E.. Broadway, Butte.
GEORGE W. HEINTZ.
Assiita't Gen. Pass. Agt.,
Salt l.ase Ct.tv
The Best friend
S''The Rola Thai Mndle tle
Northwest Ialnota ."
For St. Paul and ..set,
daily ......... .........8830 p m.
Direat Falls local, bdally... .:4I5 . a.
ARRIV ES ,UT'XTE.
From :3t. 1 aul, dally.......9:41 p, m.
From Great Falls and Het.
ae a, daily........... ... :EO 1. o.
FULL, INF'UORATIOtM 4 FRtOM
City Toket. OtW.o, Nu. U North ain4
street. Btt. J. I, IDwson, Uuore
il L_ LI
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