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RAILS AT UNIONS HARVARD MAN SAYS THEY ARE IN IMICAL TO DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGH TYPES OF MANHOOD. BITTER ATTACKS ON THE PRINCIPLES OF UNIONISM The Attitude of the Union Man Is Noth ing More Nor Less, He Declares, Than a Fight Against Development of Manly Instincts and Detrimental to the Education of the Young Man. ay AssocrCIATe pass..1 New York, Nov. uI.--Before the Econ omic club of Boston at their banquet last night President Eliot of Harvard de aeunced the labor unions of the country as opposed to the education of young men and for what he termed "their fight against the development of many instincts." In closing he characterized the strike breaker, or a "scab," as he called hitm, as a "good type of the American hero." The Economic club was formed for the purpose of discussing current topics. The subject last night was industrial hat ties and the public. President Eliot had not promised to speak, but he was brought to his feet by discussion of the sulbject by previous speakers. lie said present conditions indicated that many years must pass before the labor question is satifactorily settled. Both sides must make concessions and adopt some plan. What He Has Against Unionism. The objectipn to the labor unions front the educator's point of view was their objection to young men becoming compe tent mechanics, and that they do prevent this is evident from the fact that all unions endeavor to limit the number of apprentices employed in any industry. The right to labor, lie said, is considered the most sacred right of the American Citizen. President Eliot's objection to tihe lalW union was, he said, the object 'tfours union seemed to be work alas possible as possible, produce as ,.ceive as much during that time atrU the service given. money as posssh' in effect nothing more This attitucant fight against the develop than it manly instincts. lie said he had .-profound contempt for any man who did not choose to labor every day just as long as his strength would permit. To Help Senate Committee. Phoenix, Ariz., Nov. Ir.-The board of trade has made arrangements for the en tertainment of the senate committee on territories now en route here and to facili tate as comprehensive a tour as possible through Arizona. The Windy City Gets It. Chicago, Nov 1I.--According to Henry 2,erou, the French consul, who has just returned from a trip to France, the Franco-American committee which had utder consideration the establishment of a great French industrial school in the United States, has definitely decided upon Chicago as the most advantageous location for such an institution. GOOD BOARD THE SrSION OF S THE ,,.. u, o DYSPEPSIA *. - - "" DESTROVFR "THE PERFECT FOOD" FOR BRAIN and MUSCLE MALTA-VITA Is good board for all mankind. Relished by old and young, sick or well. MALTA-VITA is the original and only perfectly cooked, thoroughly malt,4 flaked, aid tensted whle wheat food. MALTA-VITA Is the perfect food : perfect in taste, 2digi. cooked and malted ; perfect because MALTA-VITA contains . of the elements necessary to sustain life and Invigorate mind and body Perfect health, sound, restful sleep, clear complexion, bright eyes, clean, white teeth, sweet breath are the blessings that follow a regular diet of MALTA VITA. A week's trial of MALTA-VITA as a diet for breakfast and supper will convince the most skeptical of the superior merits of MALTA-VITA. Deware of ImItations. Insist on getting MALTA-VITA, "The Per S.et Food." Requires no cooking, always ready to eat. Feor sale Ay roeasrs. MALTA.VITA PURE FrOOD CO. : . Qel sk, Miah. Yoronto, Canada FAITHLESS LODER STABBED IN NECK SENSATIONAL MURDER ON CROWD ED STREETS OF LONDON DURING LORD MAYOR'S PARADE. INFURIATED GIRL DEALS VENGEANCE TO A WRETCH Arthur Reginald Baker, a Well Known Member of the Stock Exchange, Pays for His Misdeeds in Front of That Stately Edifice-Murderess Seized by Bystanders and Handed Over. [RY ASSOCIATED raSEas. l.ondon, Nov. tr.-A sensational love tragedy has been enacted in this city In full view of hundreds of people. A young woman named Kitty Byron stabbed to death her lover, Arthur Reginald Baker, a well-known member of the stock exchange. Before the woman could move she was seized by several witnesses of the deed and given into custody. The crime, which had every element of sensationalism, took place just outside of the Lombard street postofffice. Although the city was generally merry making over the lord mayor's procession there was the usual press of business at this ever busy office. Scores of men and boys were passing the spot every few mioments. Shortly after a o'clock, a young wo)Inat of attractive appearance, with slight figure, dark eyebrows, black hair and handsome features, went into the post oflice and sent an express letter to the stock exchange. She waited a few min utes, when she was joined by Mr. p.Aer, to whom the letter had been pa.ressed. For several minutes the couptl engaged in conversation near the couror: Then their voices rose and the el- AS noticed tbst they were quarreling. euabed in tie Neck. 1, the ma,, rtrled toward the street . gest-,. illtimlating that he wished to end bie interview. He passed through thlm toor. The woman followed, curiously handling her muff, and then dealt the mant a terrific blow in the neck. As lie half staggered and then partially turned around, with one foot on the lower step the woman withdrew the weapon and struck again, this time plulngitng it into his left breast. The man gasped and fell heavily for ward, his head striking the stone pave ment. Two clerks seized the woman, who was leaning over the prostrate form, as though preparing to strike a third blow. Mr. Baker died on the way to the hospi tal. Ilaker's wife lately instituted divorce proceedings. Poultney Bigelow Injured. Munich, Bavaria, Nov. ts.-Poultney Bigelow, the author, was thrown from his horse while hunting with the officers of the garrison and broke his collar bone. May Lynch a Negro. Mobile, Ala., Nov. I i.-A company of local militia are being held in readiness in their armory here to frustrate any a emnpt to lynch Louis Wyatt, a negro in .l on the charge of attempted assault upon a 6 year-old girl. NEW EAST RIVER BRIDGE IS BURNT STRUCTURE THAT WAS TO HAVE COST TEN MILLION DOLLARS LICKED UP BY FLAMES. '" FIRE RAGES MORE THAN 300 FEET UP IN TOWER Metropolitan Department Apparatus Ia Unable to Throw a Stream to So Great a Height and the Firemen Stand About and Idly Watch One of the Moat Spectacular Conflagrations. [aB ASSOCIATID Press.1 New York, Nov. it.-The new East river bridge, in process of construction between New York and Brooklyn, was damaged to the amount of at least half a million dollars by a fire that for four hours raged 355 feet in the air, on the summit of the great steel tower on the New York side. Owing to the enormous height of the tower it was impossible to reach the fire with any apparatus of the fire department, and the flames after devouring all the wood part of the tower, seized the timber false work of the two girders, suspended from the main cables, burning away the supports. Nearly a million feet of burn ing lumber fell with a crash and a hiss into the stream. The falling footbridge carried away a score of lighter cables and guys, whirt trailed in the water, making it necesary, for the purpose of safety, to sta. all traffic up and down the river. The steamer Puritan and other craft had nar row escapes while running the gauntlet of the firebrands that fell in showers from the burning bridge. The fire was the molt spectacular conflagration that has ever been seem! in New York. With a Giant Splash. The fire started in a tool shed, and from this spread to the framework. Within five minutes after the discovery of the fire the whole top of the tower was in a blaze. Then tIhe footbridge fell, carrying with it mIlany tons of bolts, rivets, nuts and tools. At that moment the Brooklyn fireboat was just below the bridge, and a heavy beam, fell on her, breaking her rudder and sending her drifting down the stream. The up-river navigation was stopped. While the fire was at its height a party of firemen were cut off at the base of the tower where they were exposed to a tor rent of brands and redhot iron and steel. They were rescued after severaJ had been severely burned. Brands from the tower set fire to the big storehouse of the Pennsylvania Steel company. It was entirely consumed and the contents were hurled into the river, together with two hoisting derricks on the platform. It was rr o'clock before the flames had devoured everything combustible, leaving only the steel tower and the great 18% inch steel cables stretching across the river. These cables were recently com pleted, save for the steel sheathing, and it is feared they have been badly damaged by the intense heat. Should it be neces sary to replace them the labor of two years would be lost. Must Replace Cables. Engineer Martin, in charge of the bridge construction, said yesterday that four steel saddles, weighing 34 tons, on top of the tower, were red hot, but were not damaged. Of the four cables resting upon the saddles two, he thought, would have to be partially replaced by splicing. This will involve a delay of at least four months. The remaining cables suffered little injury. The loss on the two footbridges is esti mated at $ioo,ooo. The contractors are John A. Roebling Sons & Company. The bridge extends from the foot of Delancey street, Manhattan, to the foot of South Fifth street, Brooklyn. It was designed to carry four surface railroad tracks, two tracks for elevated trains, two roadways for vehicles, two footpaths, and two cycle paths, at an elevation of 135 feet, in the center of the main span. The cables had recently been complet;l and the work of laying the ,main span was soon to have been begun. The cost of the bridge was placed at $zo,ooo,ooo. ALABAMA CONSTITUTION IS TO BE PASSED UPON United States Supreme Court Will De cide as to the Suffrage Clause in Short Time. Tay ASSO 'IATI D I'ReSS,] W\ashington, Nov. i I.-The United States sulpreme court has granted a mo tion for an early hearing in the case of Jacob W. Giles vs. the board of regis tration of Montgomery, Ala., involving the question whether the suffrage pro visions of the new constitution for the state of Alabama is repugnant to the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments of the constitution of the United States. Giles, who is a negro, alleges that the board of arbitration refused to register him and many thousands of his race, on account of color, while certificates were issued to all white men who had made application. This, he says, was done to prevent members of his race from exer cising the right of franchise in the recent election. The question of jurisdiction is the prin cipal point involved in the case, and there will be no oral argument, the case being presented on printed briefs. Accept Le Baudy's. New York, Nov. Ii.-The council of the University of Paris has accepted Robert Le Baudy's recent offer to endow scholarships for French students of Amer ican univers;ties according to the TimesJ dispatch from that city by way of Lon don. If you have a bad cold you need a good reliable medicine like Chamberlain's Cough Remedy to loosen and relieve it and to allay the irritation and inflammation of the throat and lungs. The soothing anad healing properties of this remedy and the quick cures which' it effects make it a favorite everywhere. For sale by Paxson & Rockefeller, Newbro Drug Co., Christie & Leys, Newton Bros. Among The Toilers HENRY GEORGE JR. ON ROOSEVELT AND STRIKE Son of Great Champion of the Toiler is Quoted as Saying We Face One of the Crises of History. fBy A^socATZnD PRasS.] New York, Nov. it.-In a recent In terview with Henry George, Jr., that emi nent champion of labor expressed himselt as believing that the coal barons should be taxed more adequately. He suggested a plan for lifting the load from produc tion and shifting it to privilege. Mr. George said: "To the man who reflects it must be clear that this country is now passing through one of the most critical stages in its history. "For when before in the nation's snadls has a president of the United States held cabinet meetings and conferences with great numbers of representative cltiseas, qnd given a vast amount of aualieg thought to the consideraties of a prly social problem, as Mr. Roesevmlt has over the anthracite strike? Run thr the line of presidents back to Washito, and which of them was ever before cor fronted by a state of things similar to this-in which a few individuals, in the words of one, set up a claim to divine title in what must be a prime necessity of life for a great mass of the popula tion ? "A state of things in which these few individuals, when their workmen ask for a mitigation of the very hard conditions of living-a little addition to miserably low wages, a little reduction in very long working hours, and an honest method of weighing a commodity upon which the rate of payment for many depends-tell the workmen to look elsewhere for em .ployment, and when the men unite and strike, thus causing a stoppage of the supply of fuel to millions of people, arro ganttly tell the president of the United S.tttes that there is nothing to arbitrate, that anyhow they will not arbitrate, and that the single thing for the authorities, from the president down, to do is to use the tmilitary arm of the government against strikers who show any resentment int the form of physical force against any who may be invited to take their places of emloloyment I" BROTHERHOOD OF RAILWAY TRAINMEN IN CONFERENCE Two Thousand Men Will Go Out Thurs day Unless Something Satisfactory Is Done in Windy City. [HY ASSOCIATED 'RESS.] Chicago, Nov. T.--Unless an agreement is reached at the final meeting tonight of the Brotherhood of Railway trainmen and managers of the train service of a num ber of railroads that have refused the demands of the men an order to strike will go forth and two thousand men will refuse to work 'tnursday. This was stated last ilight with the au thority of Vice Grand Master Lee at the close of a prolonged conference of the committees and others. The imp6rtance of the situation was shown by the calling to the city of Grand Master P. II. Morrissey of the Brother hood, who was in Cleveland. He attended the conference last night. LOCOMOTIVE FIREMEN ARE HOLDING ANNUAL SESSION Wage Scale Is One of the Important Matters to Come Before the Topeka Convention. [1iV ASSOCIATED PRESS.] Topeka, Kan,, Nov. tI.-Members of the greivance committee of the Brother hpod of Locomotive Firemen of the At chison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad, main and branch lines between Chicago and Albuquerque, are holding their an nual business session in Topeka. Perhaps the most important exaction will be the regular annual adjustment of the wage scale for that part of the terri tory which these men represent. When this is made up it will be presented to the oflicials and it is likely that they will approve it, thus placing it in force for another year. The session will probably last two weecks. ELECTRICAL WORKFRS IN WINDY CITY SATISFIED At One Time, It Looked Like a Serious Strike Would Have to Be Called, But Now All Is Lovely. Chicago, Nov. II.-What promised at onie time to be a serious breach between the city and its electrical workers was set tled last Monday when Chief Electrician Ellicott made an agreement with the arc light trimmers to give them a minimum of $70 per month, regardless of hours, with a clause in the agreement that one third of the entire number should have $75. For more than two years the electrical workers and the city have been at logger heads on the question of remuneration. The men have said that the lowest pay in any of the departments for expert or trade services was about $3 per day with eight hours, some of the tradesmen getting as high as $4, and even more in the case of the sewer masons. The arc light trimmers say that their trade takes them into far greater danger than any other craftsmen. Scarcely one of them but has fallen from a pole or build ing or been stricken from contact with They say moreover that they are com They say moreover that they are com pelled to pass a civil service examination as an electrician before they can be em ployed by the city, and that their con tinued employment depends upon their being expert lamp repairers; that their good and bad marks depend upon their be ing able to repair their lamps without re moving theni. The men also say that the commonest laborer in the city of Chicago is paid at the rate of 35 cents per hour, an eight hour day, with a half holiday on Saturday. SEVEN 'HUNDRED MARCH OUT Hammond Packing Company, in Windy City, Has Its Hands Full Today. [By AssOCIATrD PEUss.] Chicago, Nov. az.--Seven hundred em ployes of the Hammond Packing company "went on strike today. They say the company has failed to live up to an agreement entered into sometime ago with the Amalgamated Meat Cutters' Current Book SChatter an uill Comment y . For the Antiquary. Frances C. Morse's "Furniture of Olden Times" is to be published by the MacMil. Ian company as a fully illustrated hand book on the old furniture of America. Every tradition and fact connected with individual pieces has been noted and transcribed, and these incidents often add romance as well as historic interest to the presentation. The annals of local trade and importa tion have been searched to provide facts regarding the place of manufacture of un asual pieces. The early books of designs for funalture have also been carefully Nstdied and eempared with the photo gaphs seured for this book, and in many eay the design has been traced to its originator. An edition de late, limited to loo copies, with Phetgrvwre plates and on large -pa per, will be lased for thoee who prefer the work in an eapensive form. Thomas Hardy $ueoeesor. Mr. Eden Phillpotts has "arrived." He no longer belongs to the multitude that succeeds once, and perhaps a second time in lesser measure. He is master of his subject, its treatment, the proper method to create the impression that lasts; he is a true artist. His new novel, "The River," just pub lished in this country by the F. A. Stokes company, deals again with his favorite Dartmore, the river Dart itself giving the story its title. His drama is part of the background with which bountiful nature supplies him; he rises easily and potently to climaxes of true strength, while through it all runs ever the beauty of his country, its grandeur described with a love that is eloquent and picturesque and strong. The harmony of plot and setting in Mr. Philipotts' work is one of its great merits. He succeeds in linking his characters to the soil that witnesses their being and lives; they become one with it. Hence no "beautiful writings" for its own sake, no purple patches without ample justification of being. Mr. Phillpotts has been pointed out as the successor of Thomas Hardy. This new book of his strengthens the daring prophecy thus made of his future. lie certainly stands secure in the first rank .f living English novelists of today. A Writer of Love Letters. Laurence Housman is busy these days explaining why lie wrote "An English woman's Love Letters. This book proved to be in the nature of a boomerang. ioe author now declares the anonymity was not a commercial device of either author or publisher, and was maintained in order that the book might be fairly judged from the point of view at which the author aimed. And Mr. Housman's "aim" is explained to have been "a desire to depict the wastage of force which modern love is apt to lead to, and the destruction of all the pleasures and uses of life on the altar of sentiment, and do it without ridicule, in order that the pity of it might be made more apparent." Unfortunately the public insisted on sup plying the ridicule the author would spare, and if ever a writer 'heard candid criti cism of himself that fate was Mr. Hous man's. It is not to be expected he antici pated affording the amusement that he did with his lachrymose chronicles for had his name been attached to them, carrying with it the prestige it enjoys, it is doubtful whether the work would have been dealt with his lachrymose chronicles, for had his tertaining a "willful stillness" concerning the authorship of one's books has not been a comfortable one in the case of the "Love Letters" of Mr. Housman. Helen Choate Prince's Latest. "The Strongest Master," by Helen Lhoate Prince, is the most striking and artistic bit of fiction Mrs. Prince has yet given us, the plot well constructed, the story admirably written. It is a proble matical story with the social element prominent. The hero, a young Harvard man of good family, begins his life under a cloud, having been expelled from college. Sin cere in his regret, his strongest desire is to reform his own character. Misunder stood by his father, but loving his mother with a tender affection, he fares forth to work his redemption for her sake. Under the influence of a labor leader this desire grows into a passion to reform existing wrongs tolerated by society, chief of which, in his opinion, is the institution of marriage. The working out of his theories form the interesting part of his story. But the hero learns that failure in the establishment of a conflicting precedent also may be a success-that failure and success more often than we understand as we go along, travel together toward the goal of a genuine fruition of hope. The characters are unusually well indi vidualized and the book displays fine work manship in every respect. "The Strangest Master" is published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co. of Boston. LITERARY NEWS NOTES. Thomas Hardy has in his time published books through many firms. After October 4 his novels are to be issued by Macmillan in England, and there are rumors of a uniform edition of his works. Alexander Jessup is to edit a forthcom ing "French Men of Letters" series, to be published by John Lane of London and New York. "An Anthology of American and Butchers' Workmen union for a uni form scale of wages. WHERE MEN PRODUCE. Mexicans are replacing negroes as la borers at the Louisiana sugar plantations. San Francisco, Cal., linemen will sub mit a new wage schedule to their em ployers. New Haven, Conn., tinners have won their strike, which included recognition of the union. Four thousand tinplate workers at Llanelly, Wales, are on strike for sa eight-hour day, Striking molders at St. Catherine, Ont., Lyrios," edited by Mr. Jesaup, la also to be issued by the same firm. Douoledy, Page As Co. are publishing the text of W. S. Gilbert's "Patience,' which has never been available in at tractive and convenient form. By arrange. ment with the author, this revised editioo will be issued as a book of literary value, aside from its musical interest, the tent being printed by itself. Mr. Gilbert has written an introductioa telling hew "Pa tience" originated and was worked out. G. P. Putnam's Sons have on exhibition at their book shop in New York a collec tion of choicely-bound and rare bookse illustrating the work of several Amserican French and English binders. The "North Itatian Folk" of Mr. Comasas Carr, illus trated by Caldecott, London, 1878, has a binding of crimson crushed levant, inlaid, and of firm, virile design, "The MbaK and Its History" is a volume such as students of folk-lore and soelal customs love to dwell upon. It is the work of a Danish scholar, Dr. Christopher Nyron, was translated into English by Wil liam Frederick Harvey, and surveys the entire range of the subject indicated by its title. It is published in London by *s. Anyone who has ever been to school in the country had better read the memories of Glengarry school days, now running in Leslie's monthly. His honest, wholesome sentiment will arouse the tenderest recol lections of the pleasures and even of the punishments of those early days. Hawthorne's %\ orks have just been pub lished by Houghton, Mifilin & Co., in a New Wayside edition in t3 volumes. Among the various editions in which this great romancer's works have been brought out, there has never been a satisfactory pocket edition. Sands & Co., and in this country by E. P. Dutton & Co. The Scribners announce for immediate publication a new book of stories by Henry van Dyke suggestive of "The Ruling Pas sion" of last autumn, which, by the way, is still an excellent and a steady seller. The new book is to be entitled "The Blue Flower." It will contain nine stories( and will be illustrated in colors. It will be beautifully presented. Duplications of titles in England and America are becoming so numerous as to be a serious question in the publishing business. A prominent case is "Like An other Helen," which was taken from Dry den's poem to serve as title to George Hor ton's novel of several seasons ago, and which this season appeared in an English story of Indian life. And now comes criticism of Arthur Morrison's title to his story of the l.ondon slums, "The Hole in the Wall," on the ground of its close re semblance to an old juvenile book by Louisa M. Alcott, "A I-ole in the Wall." *. S....... "-mernery stuart is one of the few authors who have been distinctly suc cessful with readings from their own stories. After a summer spent at On teoa, she is in New York nmaking arrange ments for a winter reading tour much more extensive than any she has heretofore at tempted. Her latest story, 'The Gentle man of the Plush Rocker." is now to be published by the Century Company. Helen Leah Ree., who has written "Brenda's Cousin at Radcliffe," is herselt a Radcliffe graduate, and long ago was the first winner of the Sargent prize for a metrical translation of an ode of Horace. This was won in competition with Harvard as well as Radcliffe students the same year when Miss Fawcett's triumphs attracted attention to the woman undergraduate in England. "Little Stories of Married Life," by Mrs. Mary Stewart Cutting, was published last week by McClure, Philips & Co. This is said to be the first serious attempt to pic ture the new and growing life of the subur ban town-life which has its own peculiar types and characteristics. Many of these stories have appeared in McClure's Maga zine. As the title indicates the stories tell of the trials and experience, etc., of settled married existence. "Those Delightful Americans," by Mrs. Everard Cotes, is still one of the best sell ing books on the Appleton list. Perhaps the most attractive volume in ' he Literatures of the World series of the Messrs. Appleton will be the one de voted to "American Literature." It has been written by Prof. William P. Trent, and embraces the whole period fromn the first settlement down to recent times. A volume of exceptional interest in the line of popular science is "Aniamal Before Man in North America; Their lives and Times," by Dr. F. A. Lucas of the United States National Museum at Washington. It wil be published this season by D. Ap pleton & Co. Among other notable features, the No vember Criterion presents "Commodore Paul Jones," a hitherto unpublished article on Commodore Paul Jones by the late Admiral Porter. It is the famous ad miral's last article, and doubly interesting as being the record of one of the three greatest American sailors set down by another of the trio, "The Glory of Au tumn," by Sir Edwin Arnold, is a rarely beautiful bit of prose poetry, written with all the great English poet's felicity of ex pression. have received concessions and have re turned to work. The strike of railroad shopmen may be extended from the Union Pacific to cover all the harriman lines. Scotch miners are pressing for a mini mum wage, much on the same lines as the South Wales miners. Honolulu, Hawaii, hod carriers have asked for an increase of a2 cents an hour, They now receive 35 cents. Ladies' tailors and. dressmakers at Bos ton, Mass., will ask for a nine-hour day and a uniform wage scale. Clgarmakers at Tampa, Fla., are on strike, demanding a change in the class of material furnished them.