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ANCIENTS KNOW ALL WE KNOW AND MORE, TOO
German Professor Sent to Babylon Under the Auspices of the University of Pennsylvania Returns With Proof of Our Oldest and Most Cherished Inventions...Implements and Systems of Computations Were Known Several Millenniums Ago..-Remarkable Dis coveries Made in Excavations of a City Which Has Hitherto Been Practically Prehistoric. ('ikkiiiE. I' I i. I .N' I" OF INTEIR M(ii'N I I '. l'lhiladelllhia. Nv.' ro.--lrof. Ilhrma '. Ililprecht, the famous ()rientalist and excavator oif layliylon and N ippur. has just returllned to tbhis countr'y, lbringing with hi1m most important data for the entire re construcition of tjhe early history of man as it i: at present undersjtoold. For a year aindt a half Prof. Ililprecht has liree sutpervisitng an expedition . sent out by tlhe .'niversity of I'ennsylvania, which has reell excavating Ihe exceedingly ancient tlihyhlnnian city of Nippttr, which excaivations hatve brought about vastly itn jpolrtal ar eha rologi'cal results. In this itonn1eclitio sntll e of th, e most valuable archaeological material that ever came to America has just arrived at the University of lennsylIvania and Prof. llil iprecht is eithusiastic over the siork ac co.mplislhed. WE ARE NOT NEARLY SO WISE AS WE BELIEVE leshpite ouhr hl ted lpresnt diay eru i tion, the smork that iirf. I lilprecht has just ac icouliishedl goes to prove eoncliu sisely that the peopi e of this generation are iin all essentials no more learned or wise than those wmlho lived plrir to the iln of Ahiratham, aind in more than one respect we are far beh.ind the ancients. The ltahylotiatnst system of arithmetic was t1tore advalcdc than that of the pres ent day. 'their astronitiical caltculations exceeded alythingl, ottr foremoslt astrono milers have ever aceomipished. These are not idle statelents. Prof. Ililpr cht has documenltary lproof. ( olutlibum, toi .ahat has been accordedl praise so great and as we all believe so deserving in reality, madle nio new discov ery iwhen setting forth to find the way to Cathay, and le stumbled upon a new world, and disclosed no new thing in say ing the earth is rotund like a globe. 'The people who lived before Abrahan's dlay had found that outt. WE SHOULD HAVE BOWED DOWN TO THE ANCIENTS The clhildren of that far-off time not witlistanlding the distinction outr present system of learning gives woutl have been wonders int our eyes. Our learnting has not been originated by cIose application to study and by long ex periment. It is simply getting back ati mhat was knowni, but for ages buried out of sight in the ruins of ntcient cities, aind tilhe deelper into tle earth the excavationts go the greater are the evidences of ancient learning, culture andil .tdvaced civiliza tiion. "\'e have iuneartlhed 2t.ioo tablets,"' said Prof. Ililprccht in a recenti interview, 'andil I will take the idecipheriing of lthemi miiy life work. The contentis of rhese tab let, m lhen decilphered will altogiethler clhange the ideas of the muorl as to the state of civilization andil kno letdge of that early people. It will stutn e seen that they knew 23no II. C. that the earth was a Dr. German THE DENTIST, Has Resumed Practice. 114 1-2 NORTH MRIN. SEATTLE Our Seattle office has to offer as an inducement to the investing public, an entcr:ng wedge as it were, some splendid lots adjoining Washirgton Park This property is good, bound to give returns, and sells from $250.00 to $350.00 a lot. Inside lots 40xI00; corner lots 50x100. Terms: One third in six months and one third in twelve months. Interest on deferred payments seven percent. Title guaranteed. THE THOrIPRSON CO. 224 PIKE STREET, SEATTLE 15 WEST BROADWAY, BUTTE ---~~--.........-- - - -.--_ --._ --.~ ------- ~.-.--.--.---.- _ LEATHER LINED SNOES E NoR $3.50 VELOUR CALF VICI KID Hand welt, double soles, custom cut and turned, new up to-date lasts, and all values su perior to any ever offered before in Butte. GAMER'S SHOE STORE CI ARnd Retil. I - SWEND CARLSON, Butte, Montana globe, and that their astronomers took the tnle view of celestial Ihe1no'.ena as we now take. "()ne of the utost interesting tablets," contitnued the professor, "is tmathemlatical. The Ialbylonians, in their arithmnetical tables, the multiplication table for in stance, went far beyond us; our mutltipli. cattion ;ible stops at la, 1a times 1i is the highest. The lIabylonian tables went up to 60. Their children might have suIng 60 times 6o in reciting the mutltiplication ta;le. Indeed, for astronomlical pur'poses, they carried the table o.t to i....o. that is, :. ý " ' . ý, ýý i 'ý ý I;. PhuIF. HERMAN HILPRECHT. the rcsults of imultiplication up) to t..oo tines ,300oo were tabulated. They wanted to know at once the result of large cal culations. They did not want to be re tarded in their work by arithmetical prub lems; that is why they extended the tables so far. BABYLONIAN CHILDREN DID NOT HAVE A CINCH "The I.aitylonian children ..ere obliged to work ;ard indeld while at sclh ,. N,,t only didi they have to tlarn arithmtnticad tables carried out to four figures, but they al]o had t ]iarnl two :lal.gual;i , ht.i abyltonian andI the Satmarian. ot a: leartned 'itnd the oth t r a calotq i l:.t - guage. A"d that in the >cheol, of the lowest grati.s, and Iaot a-; our cthihl :t learn Latin in t!:e high schi l. by ti,. moluthful. but so thoroughlt a,, to be lhkl to speak ald trite thnm. built nlave the other. We have by no I1meais reached the lower of these buried cities. Much of the temple library has I (.n brought to America, and it is now ini the museum of the University of Penn sylvania. The temple in that early period was not only the place of worship, it was also the school, the college. Within the last four months our most Important discoveries were made. The day before I embarked on my homeward voyage I had in rny hand la tal, t upon which were the ltinutest astronomlical calculations as to the constellation Scorpion." EVERY SCHOOL IN THE CITY HAD A BIG LIBRARY About twenty-five years ago the intel lectual world was startled by the an nouncement that Ashurdanapal's library had been discovered and that there had beenii fotlllll alllong the clay volumes ac cout.,i of the creation and deluge which imuch resembled the Biblical stories. And for some time scholars have assumed that every Ilaltylonian city has its library. "'Tvelve years ago, when Professor lHil precht first rode over tile ilmoullds at Nil pur, he pointeIl out :tt extensive group of matnds south of the Temple hill which he reg;urdcd as the pr,,bable bite of the itli.p lihtbrary. \lI.tut .'.sol ;tabIes were received fromlll the 1111 14ld thenll. Il' h mI u.llld ;was called T[. hh .t hill, atd later the professtr wasv ,€,h. I, e t.abllih d heb itcly that his theory ti ttrt rt. I he hm il cu i, c l ,u p I t . l ilh r a r y o f t h e I tt-,X, 'It mth itf I ti, I the ti -ft 'fa lltn s ia c rl j ,t f Ittlts' ,arlt y Ita hyloni -j tis. Ii he Illnt te l" de,r . l i tt .a r tIudutr intl, th ll llllruin at t sai e till e the TeI nt p, lihrar. at aippt,. ill which condition it Ir e i.tin i tl iutil i- e .v'red by l' rof issor ill iithl just exc atated tdurit g the re ;i`t c amll l..in at Nippur. criit crtle t tt oi f tr tii s t o t lrah aving I'r of the I hahhucis. I hc.e tr.;tle re. 14 're hrught to this tiontly ilt l t e t t t large ctl;es, Cust tainilg fril r e ix It tigh ist ,xes each. \W hull I'ruleoc. r Ililprecht left P'hila dt ,elhit f ir ( tntnattiinople. more than a year ta s iso. rexpteite, d ito tinlte hirary. Iotrk toi tilr igSt .-itti ltnew Semitic see listri ctl the I l ipitial t()Itai S r lists of, which ocCUpies the third new buihling re rntllly etl etil d at Ih sultalln s order, and at the satnit time tt examine, and study i-lls lists of It i tls, itllttlls,e fil nts a.t d the ilmtense result, of the last expedi ti,"tor besippes tlthic had arrived at aCon ltantin p.le. SULTAN TREATED HIM WITH GREAT COURTESY As he \\as alb utt to leave Constantli nple the stlt;an, \ho had heretofore Oil it mtllber of occasions hllmanifested his ap preciation of the aluabl the services ren. taid by the profti ssolr, presented to hitm, among other impotrtad t aitiquitieti s, tlhe larger part of the famiots temple library, which had just been excavated by the ex pedition of the univ of eesisty. Professor d that til is rht in rett librn preseny ited thisn magnif cent collection of tablets to the institu tiore which he represet will have considerabls. The contents of the iearly ray so far awhich, n xati red prove t bree most varied. Insco fact, every branch of literatu., known to ar bylonians is rearesented i the library. Among the inscriptions are hundreds of historical texts, dictionari s, or lists of and varitaed words iof th Sen, oc, elitiva libraryets; lists of birds, aof itals, plad snts and stonesI; lists of words for chair stools alitl other articles of fulrlniture; hymns, us tronomieal and mythological inscriptions, tablets which refer o the temple-how oanly garments the god Bel wore, how many temples and shri es there were at Nippur besides those dedicated to Hel, and what the revenues of the temples were; tablets containing granim atical sentences written by students, arithmetical calcula tilns, etc. When we reflect that heretofore our knowledge of the period prior to Abra ham was entirely dependent upon the first eleven chapters of Genesis, and that there is an entire library which contains many thousand volumes written in that early age, we can at least realize that the fu lure generations will have considerable knowledge of those early days, which, un til recently, were regarded by many schol ars as mythical. HE WILL SPEND TWENTY YEARS AT A BIG TASK The methodical publication of the rich and varied contents of this unique lterary library, the first of its kind so far exca vated in Babylonia, and now constituting one of the most precious treasures of the University of Pennsylvania, witl be taken in hand vigorously and constitute Profes sor llilprecht's chief task for the next ao years. tOnly a small portion of the mounds at Nippur has thus 'ar been completely eaxcvated. Considerable work yet re mains to be done on the temple, the foun dation, of which was laid between 6,ooo and ;,roo years before Christ. Only one side of the ancient government place has been clcared and about one-twentieth part of the library excavated. In the utppermost stratum of this ,mad tlie excavators found cofthins which hId hecn buried in the carty c nturies of wur (hIiristiant era. A great many antiqui ties, were also gathered which belonged to the Jews who continued to live at Nippur iafter the return of tlzra and Neheiiah. Proitllliellent alliotlg tihlet were terra citta l.wls containing incattations and charnms inlcrield in llebrew and Mandae:.n. SEVERAL MILLENNIUMS OF HISTORY UNEARTHED I),,wti the excavators went through 25 fi t of accumulations tof dchris, repre sentinig several millenniuims of history, hhen they linally came upon the library. Ilere they found a series of rooms, a lumblllier of, which containled ledges or shelves built out from the wall for the iirlpse of laying out the tailets inl rows. 'lhe library sceems to .!avc been divided into two parts. On()e by one the tablets were carefully removed froim their resting places by trailned workilmen. It was necessary to handlle ten tenderly owing to the fact that they were moist Iroun being Iuried for several itillenniums in the earth. As they were taken from their resting places they were carried to the castle, which had bee, built by the excavators to house themselves and also the antiquities. Af ter the tahlets were thoroughly dried they were packed ready to be shipped to Con stantinople. Professor Ililprecht estimuates, on a ba sis of the discoveries already made, fromn the tcipographical appearance of the moiind and the history of the temple with which the library was connected, that when the cntire mltound has been ex cavated it will have yielded at least 150, o0o tablets, every one of which helongs to the third millennium before Christ. NEWS OF THE HELENA COURTS TERSELY TOLD Snohomish and Tramway Again Comes Up and Notice of Appeal Filed Other Cases Tried. SI'( IA, TO TillII INII.k I(lMOt' NTAIN. lHelena, Nov. .o.-An appeal will lie taken from the ruling of Judge Knowles of the United States court, refusing to allow John S Ilarris, receiver of the Snolomlish and 'ratmossay mines, to with draw $_,2. .0 from the First Natitonal hank of Butte and loan it on interest. In beIhalf of llcillze a hill of excepltions has been filed tiand notice giv.en oi f all apipeal. It's againi a llquestio oll bleer olr ginger le ;as the hlveragslne lpas.ed llout to tte Indians by Fred 11II. Lawler, who is onil tril in the I'nitild Stlates court for sell ing ber to .dgar l1any lliGuns. The Lawhr wll ittnetes swear it was ginger ale, but I.dgar says lit, drank leer. Frank W. R lshelrg of the Southeast Ilrna rconcentratllor hllas return.,ed front the I; ist. where hllr le llllkl l the latest iillpro'vert illtts in concentrating imahlineryl l il.ietl e u titi ates onli trle construcll tion There ;ire i7,000 tos of 're oln the d(11111) at the Fast Pacific line and there re . i tns l ref a in the top cs rilltl tng in ' i es frliom $7 to $17.50 per tlnl, All 0f this will le treatetd whten the new tha hier llis put lin J eroy Jack Peter English pleaded guilty to the c, ir osf having cnt te li rfeit co in hist. Co ian Governwas ment I repred to six Do nths ings to the Rebouty jail and lined $llo Moy Jvedge Kif H Rewls.fuses. A:\ petition atds beenr tfled to recall the orelr of sale of a ranch and cattle to ll lnei \\Dionovan, attorny gleneral, Casey' araih ip . Rit is umny, gardian of the eslate ofc Nettis Pauline and Joton tieroy Jack son, ias tlue by the district court. HERRERA WILL NOT KNOW WHAT TERMS HE IS TO GET Colombian Government is Prepared to Do Things to the Rebels and Will Move if He Refuses. cr Y c AsO expIATi: PIIIRet t t's ila, those obia,ffered , .-The steamr tl, Bolivar returned yesterday froyes ay t tae I)ulce and froln the signal displayed by the Wisconsin, Rear Admiral Casey's fPlaship, it is understood the revolution ary .e onferal enrrcra is ote board. About I o'clock yesterday afternoon Admiral Casey sent a latlunch to convey tiie government onasiission ters, General Salazar, General Walasqutez and General Gobos, chief of General P'erdomno's staff, on board the B' livar. The conditions of surrener, wous.ch will Soffered to te revolutionists, will be thea of samoe as those mentioned in President l wrouin'was amurd nesty decree. General -l Hrrcra cannot expect to get much better tefrons tha those offered ofy the govern tait,. Minister of War Fernandez yesterday cahled to General Perdomo that he had in readiness a balance of 2, mcandidatesen and K sthe necessary pack ul the Btte publics for the campaign Sheld of the st hool building Decembemus. This indicates the strength of the gov S ernennt's military resources. General Perdomo is now awaiting only the result of the conference between General Herrera r and the government conunissioners before assuming the offensive. e The Sultan Is Generous. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. New York, Nov. 2o,-The Sultan of Morocco has presented $5,ooo to Mrs, e Cooper, widow of the English missionary, who was murdered by a native last month, and whose assassin was shot to death in front of a mosque on order of the sul tan. An examination of candidates for sub stitute in the Butte public library will be ;h held in the high school building December ry 6 at 2 o'clock p. m. For particulars in a- quire of the librarian, Is Known Throughout Montana as The House for Men's Wear Every garment that we sell-clothing, underwear, gloves, shoes-must come up to our own high standard of excellence. A marked feature of all our men's clothing is the fact that every garment is MAI)E TO FIT. Special Offerings Today Are Wonderful Hand Tailored This cut represents a splen did line of overncoats; heavy all-wool material; well lined and finished. The price is Only $11.75 It is '(:nitfn if you can buy a better garment for $18. 00 or $20.00. Men's Buck Gloves and Mitts Lined and unlined. We will sell today: 50 dozen men's le.tlthor gloves and mitts at 50c a pair. 25 dozen riveted rein deer gloves and mitts at $1.00 a pair; usual price $1.50. -This cut represents six dif ferent lines of yotung men's overcoats made of all-wool material in plain and mix tures. ~We are enabled to make a price that is far ie low value. Only $18.50 But relnembier that no matter how loow the lprice may be, every gari ment thait we sell must ho 1erfect in e\very detail-lit, finish mid worknmianhilp. These over coats are really worthi $25. (0. Unshrinkable Sanitary __ Wool Underwear TIhis is the namne that this celebrated underwear h.ears. It is, beyond (1uestion, the warumest andl most comfortable. It dohes not shriink. Price $1.75 a grment. We aire selling hca'v ibhbel wool underwear at $1.50 a suit, usually sells for 2.5 . M. J. CONNELL COMPANY LITTLE BITS BY TELEGRAPH Tiny Items of News of the World Boiled Down for Busy Readers. Two Hundred Perished. St. Petersburg. Nov. 2o.-A fire lasting three days has destroyed the town of Resht in Persia. Fifteen hundred houses and many warehouses were wiped out, and .200 people perished. Chaffee to New York. Chicago, Nov. 20.--General Chaffee and two staff oflicers, Harper and Captain I.indsay, left Chicago last night for New York, where the general will be located permanently. Grover Gunning Too. Norfolk, Va., Nov. 20.-Grover Cleve land and party returned to Norfolk yester dlay from the preserves of the Back Bay Gunning club, where they had Iwen cluck hunting and later departed for New York. Hotel Blanco Burned, Denver, Colo., Nov. zo.--A special to the Republican from Monte Vista, Colo., says the Hlotel Blanco has been destroyed by fire. The loss is $75,000. The build. ing belonged to the Travelers' Insurance company. Bunch Must All Hang. Prattville, Ala., Nov. ao.-Dave Lee, Andrew IIuard and B. Jordan Boots, ne groes, charged with setting fire to and burning the dwelling of Samuel P, Steele, last July, were tried yesterday, convicted, and sentenced to be hanged, Our Marines Get Out. Washington, Nov. ao.-The navy depart ment was informed yesterday that the cruiser Panther left Colon for Culebra, Tuesday, with all the marines who have been operating on the line of the Ian':u.a railroad for the protection of Americar interests. Down Into the Canon. Telluride, Colo., Nov. .o.-llarry \Val lcr, aged 23, was swept to death by a snowslide at Pandora yesterday. With him went a burro pack train and IG miiiles belonging to another train. The men in charge of the trains narrowly escaped. Marquise de Charnbrun Dead. Paris, Nov. o.--'lThe Marquise de (Chl:an brun died yesterday. Sle was the last granddaughter of Laiayctte, and her life was notable for her constancy in maintain ing the family's cordial feeling for America. An Imposing Spectacle. London, Nov. 2o.--Field Marshal Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar, who died a few days ago, has been interred in Chichster cathedral, with full military honors, The funeral procession was the most i ip..i.g spectacle of the kind seen sinice the pli:; ing of Queen Victoria. RUBINO HAS BEEN COMMITTED Brussels, Nov. 0o.--A warrant for the committal of Ruldiuo, the annarchist, has been confirmed. The would-be assassin will be tried on two counts-attempt to kill King l.eohpo! and a honicidal attempt on the lives of the court officials who were in the car rilige at which Rubino fired. To Cure a Cold in One Day Take Laxative Bromo..Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund the money if it fails to cure. E. W. Grove's signature is an each box. agc.