Newspaper Page Text
Every Gem or piece of
Jewelry you buy of us
is guaranteed. We
stand back of every sale.
Just now we've an un
usually fine assortment
of rings-marquise, sol.
itaire, clusters, gypsy,
R Brilliant Cut Diamond Ring
as low as
Towle 1 Winterhalter
28 West Park St., - Butte
Store closed the
remainder of this
stock for open.
41 West Park St.
Ortorf Bros. Pianos and organs.
If you bought it at Sherman's it's good.
I.ippencott & Darrow. 266 Pennsylvania
J. G. Bates, tuner, Montana Music Co.,
g19 N. Main street. Tel. 504.
Main springs, $r.oo; watches cleaned,
$S.so; warranted. Mayer. 65 West Park.
Helena Shriners were disappointed in
reaching home in time to eat Thanks
giving turkey with their families on ac
sount of the wreck on the Great Northern
The funeral of Thomas McGowan will
take place Saturday at a o'clock from the
residence of John Ivory, za8 West Broad
Mrs. Joseph Chadwick died yesterday
morning at the family residence, No. ao05
Deputy Game and Fish Warden Henry
Avare denies the report that there is any
game being sold in the local markets. He
offers a reward of $so to any one who
can produce a case where the law is being
Senator Clark is in New York and will
sail for Europe Saturday. It is said that
the senator intends purchasing works of
art for his new home in New York.
The official returning board of the state
will meet in Helena next week for tlb
purpose of winding up the affairs of tne
late election and making official declara
tion of the returns.
Mrs. I.illian M. Hollister of Detroit,
Mich., who is supreme commander of the
order of Maccabees, will arrive in Butte
December S for the purpose of visittng
the local chapters of the organization.
There will be a public meeting in ScandI
navian hall on the afternoon of that day,
to which the public is invited. In the
evening a class of I5o will be initiated
into the order. At this time State Com
mander Mrs. Dobson will also be present
to preside over the function. The Butte
and Silver City hives will join in the ex
ercises and together give welcome to the
two distinguished ladies.
Mrs. Hollister will be in Butte only one
Mrs. Joseph Chadwick died early this
morning at the family residence, No. 2ao
Watson avenue. The deceased leaves two
small children to mourn her loss.
Born-To the wife of James M. Cleary
of Centerville, a girl.
A marriage license was issued today to
Nich l3adovinach and Mary Clippats, both
of Butte. The wedding will take place at
the home of the bride, 490 East Park
street, on next Sunday afternoon at z :30
o'clock. Father Callahan of the Sacred
Heart church will perform the ceremony.
Beautiful Christmas Number.
The Ladies' Home Journal, Munsey,
Woman's Ilome Companion, Strand, Har
per's and other American and English
magazines are now on sale at the P. O.
News Stand, 57 West Park street.
To creditors of F. X. Giard-On De
cember mat I will pay a to per cent divi
dend on all duly presented and ratified
accounts against F. X. Glard at my office,
,o. so West Broadway,
PLUNGE INTO VALLEY OF DEATH
Discovery of Nitre Beds in California Death Trap Attracts Miners and Prospectors by the Hundreds...
Beds Are Said to Be Very Rich and of Greater Extent Than Those in the Famous Fields of Chile.
Great Outlay of Cash Is Required to Mine in the Region Successfully.
CORRESPONDENCE OF INTER MOUNTAIN.
San Francisco, Nov. 26.-Stirred deeply
and thrilled by the report, now officially
confirmed, that great fields of nitre, be
lieved to be many times as extensive as
those of Chile, exist in that mysterious re
gion of California known as Death val.
ley, hundreds of miners and prospectors
have begun a rush to that desolate region.
The great importance of the discovery
has been made known recently by Mr.
Lewis E. Aubury, state mineralogist of
California, who sent out an expedition
under the leadership of Prof. Gilbert E.
Bailey. This corps of experts found de
posits of nitre sufficient to supply the
world with valuable mineral at its present
rate of consumption for many years to
On the strength of the official report of
their investigations dozens of prospecting
expeditions have already been fitted out
by capitalists of the far West.
Miles of Deposits.
The deposits that have been discovered
are located from 13o to 145 miles from
Daggett, ito miles to 13o miles from
Randsburg and 45S to o70 miles from Bal
larat. They extend over a territory more
than aS miles long and IS miles wide.
No water can be found in the vicinity of
the nitre, Furnace creek, 35 miles distant,
being the nearest point to the nitre beds
at which water can be obtained. Shafts
have been sunk in the nitre beds from
five to forty-five feet without enc nter
ing any moisture. These shafts e in
nitre from the surface down.
According to those who underst the
situation, there will be a stampe to
Death valley during the coming inter
and the excitement will be as great as
that which followed oil and gold discov
eries. Certainly the preparations that are
being made warrant the belief that a
boom is approaching for the Death valley
region, and the nitre fever may become
As great outlays of cash are required
to send out exploring parties, it is likely
that the poor man's chances will dwindle
as the rush grows stronger.
Hundreds on the Field.
Besides these parties, many individuals
have started for the Death valley to
stake out claims for themselves. Hun
dreds of miners are leaving their camps at
Daggett, Berate, Randsburg and Mojave
for the region of death and mystery,
which seems to hold no terrors for them.
For some time more than 400 men were
waiting, at last accounts, at Dallaret for
advance prospectors, who were to return to
them with information as to which portion
of the terrible desert was the best on which
to make their rush.
The nitre deposits are described by the
discoverers in such a way as to lead the
prospectors to believe that great individual
fortunes can be made at once from the
fields, which it seems certain far surpass
PEACE AND OUIET
OF HILL VILLAGE
FRANK RICHARDS AND PETE WILL
IAMS ARE FINED FOR DISTURB
ANCE LAST EVENING.
Frank Richards and Pete Williams were
arrested last night in Centerville for dis
turbing the peace. The complaining wit
ness was Ed. Power, the proprietor of a
boarding house in Centerville, at whose
place the defendants kicked up a general
row. The warrant was served by Deputy
Sheriff O'Neill, and the two men were con
fined in the city jail.
This morning Constable Gleason of
Walkerville took the prisoners before Jus
tice of the Peace O'Connor, where they
had a hearing. Both men pleaded guilty
and paid the costs of the action.
At the Southern.
Harry Ades, New York; H. Dolon,
Spokane; Miss J. Doyle, New York; John
Foeley, Anaconda; J. R. Mitchell, Seattle;
C. C. Morgret, Livingston; William Con
nolly, Hartford, Mich.; O. L. Johnson,
Bismarck, N. D.; C. C. McHugh, Ana
conda; H. O. Johnson, Basin; Annie
Burke, Helena; J. M. Kelley, Salt Lake
City; A. R. Thomas, Logan; Dan Dee,
Salt Lake City; W. W. Williams, Chicago;
Dave F. Emerson, San Francisco; H.
Maynard, Kansas City; George Gilbert,
New York; George L. Powers, Dillon;
Frank Walters, Anaconda; Andrew Matt,
At the Thornton.
G. Haviland, Helena; G. O. Buck, Den
ver; F. William Hall, W. A. Acheub, Chi
cago; C. Smith, W. H. Sullivan, Denver;
P. L. Davis, San Francisco; M. Kellogg,
Gold Standard in Slam.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Paris, Nov. 28.-M. Deloniel, deputy
for Cochin-China, has written a letter tp
Colonial Minister Doumergue, saying that
the establishment of a gold standard in
Siam is likely to gravely affect the finances
of Indo-China and the rice market and
asking for theimmediate appointment of
a commission, to report before January I
on the steps to meet the situation.
Bad Wreck in Illinois.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Chicago, Nov. a8.-An engine on a Wis
consin Central outgoing freight train was
wrecked early today at Desplaines, injur
ing three persons, one fatally. The acci
dent was caused by the locomotive jump
ing the track.
Butte circle, No. '.5, Women of Wood
craft: Neighbors, you will meet at Fi
delity hall Saturday, November $g, at I
o'clock sharp to attend the funeral of our
late neighbor, Mrs. Joseph Chadwick. By
order of G. N.
EMILY S. PEMRICARD.
CHADWICK-The funeral of Mrs. Joseph
Chadwick will take place tomorrow after
noon at a o'clock from the residence, No.
-oS Watson avenue. Rev. J. T. Bowker
those of Chile, which is now practically
the only source for the supply of the entire
As yet, of course, the real range of the
California deposits is not definitely known,
but many square miles have been exam
Calculating from the data furnished by
Professor Bailey, prospectors have figured
out that millions and millions of dollars'
worth of nitre are in plain sight ready to
be picked up. This means that in the
Death Valley there are undoubtedly vast
deposits, worth billions of dollars.
Poor Men Stake Claims.
Those who have so far made claims to
the nitre beds are poor men. "Borax
King" Smith, Lord Humphreys and Mr.
Singleton, a millionaire, are the capitalists
who have taken the greatest interest in
the discovery, but they have not yet made
claims. Nearly too men have been sent
into Death Valley by "Borax King' Smith
and Lord Humphreys The expense at
tached to their operations now under way
will be in the neighborhood of $SSo,ooo.
Prof. Bailey accounts for the fact that
while the existence of nitre in the low
rolling hills along the Armagosa river has
been an open secret at least in California
for perhaps ao years, very little import
ance was attached to the first discoveries
and they were allowed to lapse.
One reason that the beds have lain
'neglected is that very little intelligent
brospecting was done. Immense hills were
sampled in the most superficial way, as
xplorations in this weird desert are neces
arily very expensive, and the explorers
ere handicapped by the lack of capital.
Difficulty in obtaining accurate analyses
was another drawback. If the clews ob
tained from the numerous analyses had
been followed up these beds would have
been worked long ago.
There is a commercial importance in
the similarity which Prof. Bailey has
found to exist between the nitre deposits
of California and those of Chile. He as
serts that they are found in both coun
tries under conditions strikingly similar.
The nitre beds of Chile vary in breadth,
the average being 5,ooo feet, and they also
vary in thickness.
Are Wide and Deep.
In California the beds run from 1,5o
feet in depth to more than two miles in
width, and from there to six miles in
length. The nitre of both countries was
formed under the same geological condi
tions and on the same huge scale. In
both countries the nitre is a peculiar and
unique product of their great desert re
The chance for great profits in Cali
fornia nitre is found in the export duty
of Chile. Nitre enters this country free,
but the export duties in Chile in the period
from 1878 to :892 amounted to $158,696,
664, and the total value of the exports be
tween and inclusive of those dates is given
INCENDIARIES MAKE THREE AT
TEMPTS IN ONE NIGHT AND THE
AUTHORITIES ARE AROUSED.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Yankton, S. D., Nov. 28.-Three at
tempts were made by incendiaries to burn
buildings here last night, only one of
which was successful, resulting in thle
burning of Daniel Piggott's barn. At
tempts were made on the Pierce hotel, in
two places the floors being soaked in oil
before the match was applied, and on
the house of Mrs. Falls, where excelsior
was pushed through a screen into the
cellarway and then fired. Both of the
latter two were discovered almost imme
diately and no serious loss resulted. No
motive is known for the attempts and
there is no clew to the identity of the fire
ARCHBISHOP RIORDAN IS
BACK ON AMER'ICA" SOIL
He Says the Church on the Pacific Coast
Will Be Able to Use the Money in
the Pius Fund Case Award.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS,
New York, Nov. 28.-Archbishop Rior
dan of San Francisco and his secretary,
the Rev. Charles A. Ramm, who were
passengers on the White Star steamship
Celtic, which arrived at her dock today
from Liverpool, were met by Rev. Father
Lavelle, rector of St. Patrick's cathedral,
and went to Father Lavelle's home.
The archbishop went to press the Pius
fund claim before the arbitration tribunal
at The Hague.
As to the award of $9oo,ooo in the
Pius fund case, the archbishop said than
the money would be used to help the
cause of religion on the Pacific coast.
MORRIS & CO'S PSWETS
Cream Puffs, Chocolate
Eclaires, that will please the
most delicate taste.
Chocolate, Lemon, Or.
ange and Fig Layer Cakes
that are always good.
Coffee Cakes, Coffee
Stollens, Home-made Pies,
Cream Bread, every Satur.
64 West Park Phone
Prof. Bailey, in describing the region
of this newly found vast wealth, gave a
vivid picture of the mysterious desert into
which so many hundreds of men are now
tru.hing, with the hope of obtaining a
share of the riches to be found there.
"If nature has been unkind in some
ways in the desert," he says, "she has
been lavish with her gifts in others. If
the valleys look forbidding, yellow with
sand and grease wood, spotted with dis
nmal black lava buttes, yet they are bright
ened with beds of soda, salt and borax,
that gleans snowwhite to the eye or turn
to mirage lakes, with dancing waters and
"Every peak, face, ledge, gorge and
stratum has a color of its own, while no
two breadths of color are exactly alike.
They vary from pure marble white to lava
black, from palest green to darkest car
mine, from delicate cream to royal pur
ple. Brilliancy and dullness of color are
all iuingled, contrasted and blended in
magnificent masses that defy descrip
Land of the Paradox.
"It is the land of the paradox; a verita
ble desert, yet filled with an abundance of
riches; a region of death, yet for one-half
of the year one of the healthiest places
on the continent; a place where the tem
perature may jump from tno degrees tn
the shade to 40 degrees below zero during
the year; where the average rainfall is
nil, yet cloudbursts rip out the sides of
the mountains and change the face of
nature in an hour.
"It is a place where lakes are found on
the pointed peaks of the mountains;
where the rivers preserve their existence
only by concealment under the gravels,
coming to the surface only when forced
to do so by some roccy barrier, so that
the bottoms of the rivers are on top and
one cuts his wood by digging into the
sand with pick and shovel.
It is an arid land, where men have
died from unslaked thirst, even with full
canteens in their hands. It is known as
a waterless desert, yet its springs are the
favorite stopping places of migrating
ducks and geese. The ranges and the
plains between them are absolute deserts,
treeless and devoid of water, yet at many
of the springs, where there is water enough
to irrigate the land ranches have been
established that are veritable oases, de
lighting the eye of the weary traveler and
furnishing him with new supplies of
fruit, vegetables and hay."
l'raf. Bailey says that the size of the
hills of nitre varies from only So feet
high and covering only two or three acres
to those 300 feet or more in height and
covering nearly a section of land.
In some nooks and corners the rounded
appearance of the nitre beds has been
broken into ridges and furrows, or even
into castellated and pinnacled forms that
remind one of the "ruined cities" of the
bad lands of the Dakotas.
IS FENCED ABOUT
AND UNCLE SAM IS GOING TO TAKE
MEASURES TO SEE THAT THE
BARRIERS ARE REMOVED.
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Omaha, Nov. 28.-John S. Mosby, special
inspector of the United States land office
at Washington has arrived in Omaha and
will at once begin proceedings for thle re
moval of fences from government land in
~ebraska. Colonel Mosby said that tracts
containing thousands of acres have been
illegally fenced in by cattle men and that
his purpose was to have these fences torn
down. After conferring with United
States District Attorney Summers he will
go to North Platte and Alliance, where
notices will be served upon the alleged
violators, giving them 6o days in which to
remove the fences.
Yankees Secure Control.
BY ASSOCIAIED PRISS.
(leeveland, Nov. 28.-Many noted edu
cators were present today when the third
annual conference of collegiate and sec
ondary school instructors was called to
order in Adelbert college chapel here.
P sident Thwing of Western Reserve uni
ve*sity welcomed the delegates.
Died From Football Injuries.
BY ASSOCIATEt I'HISS,.
West Chester, Pa., Nov. 28.-Charles
Carr, colored, a2 years of age, of l'hila
delphia, died at the thester county hos
pital from injuries received during a
football game yesterday. Carr was in
jured in a mass play and was rendered
West Virginia Miner Dead.
ly ASSOCIAIED PRESS.
Philaelclphia, Nov. 28.-C. B. Houston
of Chester, Pa., proprietor of extensive
mining operations at Elkhorn, W. Va.,
died today at a hospital here, aged yo.
Two months ago Mr. Houston was struck
by a locomotive anu seriously injured.
Big Fire in Weyauwega.
BY A'SiOCIA'I ED PR'eSR.
Weyauwega, Wis., Nov. a8.-This town
was threatened with destruction by fire
Early today. A bucket brigade did splendid
service before the arrival of an engine
from Waupaca, which checked the fire.
The bank, a hardware store and a general
store were destroyed. Loss, $40,000.
Conference of Educators.
BY ASSOCIATED) PMESS.
Brussels, Nov. a8.-A financial paper
announces that the glass works of Cour
cells have passed under the control of a
Mrs. Brune III.
0Y ASSOCIATED P1RSS.
Memphis, Nov. a8.-Mrs. Brune, the
actress, is seriously ill of typhoid fever
in this city.
Assyria Is Afloat Again.
Hamburg, Nov. 28.-The German
steamer Assyria, from Philadelphia for
Hamburg, which went aground in the
Elba, floated today.
A Milwaukee (Wis.) tobacconist has
been fined $35 and costs for using the
union label for cigars not made by union
Ripe Ruddy Tomatoes; Selected Dry Onions;
per can.................... ao10 o pounds for............. 25c
Sweet and succulent Sugar Tomlato Catsup, special for
Corn; per can............. I C a pint bottle................ 15c
Force or Presto, Flour Falcon Pancake
per package..... .. . V h Flour, per pkg.........
15c lative rlour; ,oo 12'/2e
Malta Vita, pounds $.75. or So II. B .uckwheat,
per package......nd sack............ per package........
15c $1.40 122c
FRESH ROASTED OPPFFEE
Our eoffoes are all freshly roasted every day in our own
store under the personal supervision of an experienced coffee
Coffee Coffee Coffee
Old Crop Santos Coffee, l.a Perla Mocha and Java Select Mocha andI Java
per pound ......... oc Coffee, direct from Coffee; pound ...... .c
Early Breakfast Coffee, plantation, 3 pounds, Golden AMocha and Java
per pound ... 5.... c $.r. or, per pound.. . Coffee, pound ......400
Select Maracaibo ColTce, Royal Maocha and Java
per pound ......... oc 35e Coffec, pound ......45c
CLEAN[ST IN TN[ WORLD
Is the factory where is made by Union Labor
that most delicious, all-best I avana Filler
MIGHT AFFECT THE MARKETS
French Minister Wants to Consider Es
tablishment of Gold Standard.
BY ASO('IAIElD RIRs,.
Paris, Nov. 28.-l'he French foreign
office has not considered the riqestion of
French participation in the Ilritish-ier
mailan naval demonstration againist n. tl
zucln, as the Felnch claims ;lre making rea
sonabrle progress towards adjustmenll t.
The officials here take a favorablle view
of the Blritish-Gernan plran as heing likely
to serve the interests of all the powers and
at the same tinme more fully define tile
real meaning of the Monroe doctrine.
Who Owns the Lizard?
Has a tman a property right ill anything
that he may cough tip fromr the recesses
of his stomach or inttestinal regions?
Here is a novel and interesting question
just passed up to a Chicago judge and for
which there appears to be no precedent in
the history of jurisprudence:
After having given a lizard free lodging
in his stomach for a number of years,
sharing with it his meals and enduring the
physical discomrforts incident to housing
it in his abdominal regions, a Chicago
citizen finally coughed up the interestilng
reptile. While he lay in a fainting con
dition as a result of the coughing, a fel
low workman captured the lizard and
now has it preserved in a jar of alcohol.
His repeated demands for a return or
the lizard have been ignored by the fellow
workman who appropriated it. Failing to
get possession of it, the lizard's original
landlord brought suit against its cus
todian before Jrustice l)onoghue to re
cover the lizard, or, failing in this, to
obtain $2oo, which is the value he places
While there may Ibe no law to reach
tl-is lizard, it would seem to be a plain
and simple proposition in common rtquity
that the man who housed it and fed it
and endured that "creepy feelin" day and
night and permitted it to roam at will
through the corridors of his caecum has
a just claim to the reptile.
The fact that the lizard was making for
tile tall grass when captured by a by
stander appears to Ire tile only excuse
offered for its retention by its present
custodian. The claim is also set up that
the lizard was not a part of the coml
plainant, that it did not belong to him,
but "just happened in Ilim."
It would seem only fair that the "liter
ary and dramatic rights" of the comlplainl
ant should at least be protected. If lie
wants to write a book or a thrilling melo
drama on "The I.ost L.izard" or "Ifow it
Feels to Have a l.izard inl your Colon"
he ought to have clear and urndisputed
title to the materials.
The decision of the learned jurist is
awaited with great interest.
Bishop Derrick, one of the most prom
inent colored clergymeln in this country,
has just returned from an extended trip
in Europe. While traveling in Italy tile
bishop and his wife rrode fromn Venice to
Milan, the only other occupants in the
coach being the King o' Greece and his
Leading Confectioner of Butte
Full line of fresh cake.
Full line of fresh made candies.
Wedding cakes made and orna
mented on short notice.
Salted almonds and peanuts.
We servo hot coffee, cocoa and
chocolate with cake 15c.
60 West Park Street
LL W THEATER
57 E. Park St.
This Afternoon a id Ivenlnl
'hih great fairy tale is herte show, up
slay hiic indeed, there lbeing ana;lly Irails
fortmation stenel. It is 'ulored andl was
procuredl at a large expense; also i'rofes
nor Illerrmlian, IPotographJ( r' Mlishap,
Two Tratlmps, anld, by speciall requllest, we
will contitnue thte great SPI'AN'ISI IULL
FI;1'1', the greatest bull fight ever fought
by the greatest buall lighters of the world.
'I'his is very realistic andl ItIe bull is kept
in sight all the time.
lilustratel sotngs, serpls mine dlances, the
great ('inestie ilmpersonator anld musical
novelty, inchulding Professor Itaily's
trained dogs. ( onltinlllouls show a;fterlloon
and eveniing, .a to 5 and 7 to ,,. Admis
sion onily 15s, childrenl Ioc.
The Broadway 1"1"t° L.;
Phone a5. DICK P. SU'II'ON, Man'gr
Tuesday and Wednesday, Dec. 2
ann 3, Matinee Wednesday
The sewell society event of the season,
)e K(oren & Sujaith's ;reartest (otmio
Opera andl the (;reatest last it ever had,
V ` A RIGHT
icluhding Adolph Link, lhenry Leone, Mel
ville Colliins, Carlotta (;ilnll , I )aisy Hlann
lin, Edna Brownson and 8o others.
Two niglhts, Friday and Saturday, Nov.
28 and Isq. Special Barg;il Matinlc Sat
urday. All seats asr and 5oc.
Here is a laugh for everybodly. Goocl
hue & Kellogg present a company of play
ers in the jolly comedy success,
Not a vaudeville performance, but a
legitimate high-class American comedy.
The laughiest ever.
Prices-Matinee, 5oc and :5c; evening,
$r.oo, 75c, Soc and 25c.
Suttoa's Family Theater
Sunday and Monday, November 30
and December I.
HRMPTON S HOPKINS
Prcent a beautiful story of rural life,
A companion play to "Shore Acres" and
"The Old Hlomestead." Presented by a
splendid company. All of the scenery used
in this production is carried by the com
All Kinds of Coal and Wood.
QItIZENS' COQL 0O.
No. 4 East Broadway.
David Lowenburg of Norfolk, Va., has
been appointed director general of the
Jamestown Tercentenary exposition, to be
held in Norfolk in i9o7, to commemorate
the foundation of the colony of Virginia