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IN PUBLIC LETTER (CARLOS CALDERON WRITES TO THE PA~IS EDITION OF THE NEW YORK HERALD ON WAR. 'REVOLUTIONISTS FOREIGNERS Calderon Says There Is None of Worth In the Panama Uprising and Hints They Are Carpet-Baggers. f( Y ASSOCIATE. Psr.ss. 'aris, Nov. II.-Carlos Calderon writes ra long letter to the Paris edition of the eKew York Herald, defending the cnnduct of the Colombian government which he denies was opposed to the construction of the Panama canal. He says, however, that the desire of Colombia was to sec the canal built by the French company. lie declares that the Hay-IHerran plan was prejudicial to Colombia's fiscal interests and a wound to the national dignity. Senor Calderon expresses surprise at the unfavorable attitude of the French press. He says further that not one per son of distinction took part in the revolu tion of the Isthmus of Panama, which he charges was due chiefly to the intervention of the cosmopolitan element, comlpose principally of Americans inhabiting the cities of Colon and Panama. Senor Calderonl declares finally that re cent events on the Isthmus mean the total suppression of French influence. SCHWAB CONCERN GETS FOOTHOLD IN MICHIGAN BY AS.OCIATvI) PRESS. Milwaukee, Wis., Nov. It .-A special to the Sentinel from (Calumnet, Mich., says: Thbe International Nickel company, which is the reorganized copper company, has just purchased the famous old Bruce mine, limited, which has been ope of the best known mines of the west for half a cen tury. The price paid was $6oo,ooo. The mine has been idle for a year or so, after a short resumption of operations un der Lord Sholoo Dougilas, before which it oas idle ao years. The International hickel company is a Charles M. Schwab concern. POPE PIUS TAKES A HAND Announces That He Will Not Recognize the Liberal Element. IIs ASSOlArVI:oD PREs. Rome. Nov. ir.-Attention was attracted to the annual meeting of the association of Catholic congresses of Italy, held at lBologna yesterday, Ieatiuse of the direct efforts of the pope to prevent a division of Catholics. The most plrogressive element of the gathering threaten to albandont the more conservative element and to fornt an as sociation of their own in which will be in eluded the social democrats. The ipotiff promptly suppressed the movement and announced through Car dinal Mevrry D)el Val. secrretary of state, that he would not recognize any party outside of the association of congresses. AMERICAN SAILOR NO MORE Rear Admiral Leslie Anthony Beardsley Has Passed Away. Ily AS:IOt'tIATEDO Pt'SS. Augustoa, (t;:.. Nov. il.--Rear Admiral L.eslie Anthony Beardsley, United States navy, retired, died suddenly last night of apoplexy, at Chateau-l.evert, the country iorne of Col. D. 1.. Dyer. The admiral was in the city most of the day attending the street fair and until ii o'clock last night there was tno sign of ill tess. The borly will Ieave Augusta for \\'ash £ngtoa today where it will be cremated. S Homer Davenport Quits. BY ASSOC.A(IATzID PRESS. New York, Nov. II.-It was announced yreterday that Ilonmer Davenport, the car toonist, had resiigned from the Journal and (American, and that his resignation had been accepted. Stone in the Bladder Quickly Dissolved and Removed With out Danger by Warner's iafe Care Stone in the bladder is one form of kidney trouble-a sign that the kidneys are so dis. eased that they are no longer able to remove all the uric acid and other poisonous waste imatters out of the blood. The uric acid accumulates in the bladder and forms into little lumps or stones, which pass away from time to time in the urine. II they are at all large they seriously injure the deli cate tissues of tile urinary organs, causing Inflammation, great weakness, and not infro. kuently convulsions and death. When the gravel becomes so large that It cannot he passed the uric acid backs up through the blood, poisons the whole system, and the sufferer dies in terrible agony. There is only one way to prevent uric acid poison, and this is to dissolve the gravel with out delay and get it out of the systen by taking Warner's Safe Cure, the only medicine that can be taken with safety. SAFE CURE CURES gravel, or stone in the bladder; Bright's dis. ease, diabetes and every other form of kidney disease. It acts on the delicate tissues of the kidneys, removes the diseased, worn out parts, and replaces them with live tissue; purifies the blood, stimulates the circulation and awakens the torpid liver; assists digestion and tones up and strengthens the whole body; enables every organ to do its work properly and fully. Nearly every man and wonsen has the germs of kidney disease in their system, and should make a test of the kidneys at least every two or three months. Let some urine stand in a glass for 24 hours; t it is cloudy or smolky, or It particles float in it, or if there is a reddish brown sediment, your kidneys are diseased and there is not a moment to lose. You should begin taking Safe Cure at once. It is absolutely pure, made entirely of herbs, contains no dangerous drugs, is pleasant to take, and is prescribed by doc. Rors amd used in hospitals everywhere. Sale Cure Is sold at all drug stores. ANALYSIS FREE If after making this test you have any doubt as to the development of the disease in your es.teS sand a sample of your urine to the sidlael Department, Warner Safe Cure Co., ..ohhetrN, N. Y., and our doctors will analyze asad emad you a report, with advice and peadleal booklet, free. Retue Substitutes and Imitations, Yaey re worthless and very often ex eeedngly daugerous. Ask for Warn. *iari Cure; it wilH cure you, W qI SAIL PILLS move the bowcl, s .i sa r ald speedy oure, getueu.i Dug0., State Selling Agents MORMON APOSTLE IS A POLYGAMIST WARRANT FOR THE ARREST OF HEBER J. GRANT ON CHARGE OF HAVING TWO WIVES. SAID HE BOASTED OF IT Grant Was In Trouble for the Same Offense in 1808 and at That Time Was Compelled to Pay Fine. S1Y ASSOCIATED PAPRS. Salt Take, Utah, Nov, II.-A warrant was sworn out charging Heher J. Grant, ote of 4he apostles of the Mormon church, with unlawful cohabitatlion with Augusta Winters Grant and Emily Wells Grant at the same time. The apostle its. convicted in zxR8 of the same offense and fined $5oo. Prose cution of Mr. Grant is due, in part, to his public admission before the students of the Utah university on Novenvler 4 that he has two wives and that he dn nated to the Alumni scholarslhip fund $50o for himself and $5o for each of his two wives. 'Ihe apostle was to have been accom pallied to Europe. hllere hle has been aissigned to do mtissionlry work for the Mormon iulrtuch by his plygamious wife, Emily Wells Grant. SCHOOL BOARD LETS THE CONTRACT FOR BUILDING Daniel P. Wortman & Sons Are Lucky Bidders for the Blaine-Other Mat ters Before the School Dads. The school hoard at its meeting last night let the contraet for building the IBlaine school itn ( eterville to I)anlicil P. mWortmalln:l & Sonis. the amounllt beingci $.q.,37. The orther two bids were front M. J. McCune, $jo,556; Phillip Murphy, $ja, 'Ihe hbuiliing committee recommended the pulrchase of the three lots adjoining the McKinley school. The price asked is $.r,,1o. The qsuestion of Ilarper's renders was up before the meeting and the matter finally was disposecd of hy accepting the offer of the Ran;ld-McNa:lly company. A resolution adopted Iby the social andl domestic science department of the W'OlIman's clI)b, imilorsisng the establish ment of the industrial school, was read and Iplaced on lilt. Miss Martha Nichols' resignation was accepted asld Mrs. Nell Wilkins was ap pointed to succeed heIr as clerk in the olfice of Superintendentt Young. FRANK O'CONNOR MUST FACE ASSAULT CHARGE A complaint charging Frank O'Connor with assault in the second degree has been filed in Justice Danzer's court. Win. Mattlhews, the road supervisor, is the complainant in the case. li echarges O'('onnor with having run a pitchfork into his leg and arm. O'Con nIlr worked one of his tleanls on the road uinder Mattlhews, anid eiic of tihe horses fell idown oe lay. lie mentioned the m:atter to Matthews. The latter says that lie tohld O'Connor that if hle was afraid his horses would get hurt. hie would better quit tile work, ilheirellpon O'Connor seized tile fork and assa:iulted hint as stated. If you have a lad cola you rned a good reliable lmedicine like Chamberlain's Cough Remedy to loosen and relieve it, and to allay the irritation and inflammation of the throat and lung.l The soothing and healing properties of this remedy and the quick cures which it effects make it a favorite everywhere. For sale by Pax son & Rockefeller, Newbro Drug Co., Christie & Leys, Newton Bros. CASE DISMISSED IN JUDGE HARNEY'S COURT In the suit of S. D. O'Leary agaiinst Davis & Binnardl, tried in Judge larncey's court, a non-suit was granted Iby the court. Judge Ilarlney also dismissed the follow ing justice court appeals: Bob Atkinson against Red McNally, Theodore Thehis against J. A. Alifer, and J. W. Fairbanks against J. Ii. Graham. JACK HANSON'S VERSION He Ia Charged With Petit Larceny for Alleged Wood Stealing. Jack Ilanson has been charged with taking to cords too much wood by Joe Boulette. The charge of petit larceny was filed in Justice Taylor's court yester day evening, Boulette claims that Hanson's wood was piled high up on the mountain and difficult to haul from, so he made a trade with hihn permitting Hanson to haul from his (Boulette's) wood near the valley. The suit is instituted to recover for the extra wood which the defendant is ac cused of taking. CHARGED WITH CRUELTY Louis Goasman Is Said to Be Unkind to His Wife. A complaint was filed agairnst Iouis Gossman yesterday by his wife, in which she charged himn with cruel treatment, claiming that lie berat 'her cruelly last Sunday. She appeared in Justice Libby's court yesterday with her baby in her arms and told the story. Gossman is a shoemaker at 428 East Park street. FOUR YOUTHFUL OFFENDERS Four complaints were filed against tru ant boys in the court of Justice Harring ton yesterday. They are John and Wil liam Woods, Walter O'Malley and Dan Ryan. The first two were arrested by Chief Mulholland while the two latter were taken in charge by Truant Officer Beebe. Motion to Dismiss, In the suit of J. G. Clark against the Great Northern railway the defendant has filed a motion asking the court to dis cmiss the case on the ground that the justice court which originally tried the case lhad no jurisdiction, JUST "TO MENTION IN PASSING" Cram's Atlas of the World, I0go esition, with handsome up-to-date map of Montana, Is given free to Inter Mountain subscribers who pay $7.50 for one year in advance. The special gooe vote coupon Is also included. HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS INDULGE IN A RIOT TRY TO TEAR THIE CLOTHES OFF A CLASSMATE IN A CROWDED BALTWMORE STREET. SCRATCH HER FACE BADLY Then These Refined Young Ladies Chase the Tale-Bearer Into a Store, Where the Police Interfere. DY ASSOCIATRD PRESS. Baltimore, Md., Nov. it.--n a wild frenzy of revenge, 70o members of the graduating class of the high school set on Miss .illie HIengert, their classmate, whom they accused of being a tale-bearer. They scratched her face until the blood ran, pulled her hair out, tore her hat to pieces, kicked her books into the gutter and then tried to tear off her clothing. Miss Itengert finally broke away and ran, pursued by nearly soo girls. She finally dashed into a grocery and the clerks 'barred the doors until the police scattered the crowd. The rioters were 15 to 18 years old and the scene of the trouble was the most fashiouable quarter of the city. PROHIBITION TICKET STRONG Kentucky Election Doubtful, With Anti Liquor Man Running Well. BY ASSOCIATED PRI:S,. I.soiville, Ky., Nov. I.--Returns from II of the ti counties, comprising the Ileventh congressional district, where a special election was held, show a plurality for Dr. Godfrey Hunter of a little over I,000. U. G. Edwards, who, like Dr. Hunter, is a relullican, chlims that Hunter is de feated and that complete returns will show an Edwards' majority of a,5oo. John D. White, the prohibition candi date, seems to have carried two, and pos sibly three, counties by small majorities. The contest will probably end on the floor of the house. EDWARD T. LEDYARD IS DEAD Retired Capitalist Passes Away in Ala meda at the Age of 92. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Alameda, Cal.. Nov. i t.-The death is announced of Edward Thomas l.edyard, a retired capitalist at the age of oz years. Death was due to general weakness inci dental to advanced age. Deceased was born in Road, Wiltshire, England, and when a young man emigrating to Canada. Twenty-four years ago he came to Ala meda and took up his residence there. lIe leaves five children, T. D. l.edyard of Toronto, G. L. Ledyard of Gault, Cana da, Dr. W. E. Ledyard and Mrs. George F'rier of this city, and John S. Ledyard of Berkeley. PEARY TELLS HIS SCHEME., Believes Smith Sound Route Is the Only Way to Reach the Pole. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. London, Nov. I .-Commander Perry, United States navy, lectured before the Royal Geographical society last night in the. presence of Ambassador Choate, Sec retary White and many other distinguished persons. After reviewing his previous at tempts to reach the North Pole, Comman der Peary said his future plans were based on the belief that the Smith sound route was the only practical one. LADY MINTO IS RETURNED She and a Party Were Touring the Picturesque Orient. DY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Victoria, 1. C., Nov. Iz.--Lady Minto, wife of the governor general of Canada, and her party of ladies. Ruby and Eileen Elliott and Captain Bell, A. D. C., who have been touring Japan, returned last night by the steamer Empress of China. They were entertained and feted by the emperor and empress of Japan and several fetes were held in their honor at differ ent Japanese cities. SHIPMASTERS DISCHARGED BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Seattle, Wash., Nov. I .--Capt. Charles Warner, master of the steamship Oregon and Edward Healy and Charles Guntart, first and second mates, were discharged yesterday upon a re-hearing of the charge of cruelty made against them by Seaman John Low. Dowlielm Fails in London. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. London, Nov. s.-Followers of John Alexander Dowie, members of the organ ization known as the Catholic church in Christ, finding no support for their mis sion, have gone to Paris. Gates Is In St. Louis. DY ASSOCIATED PRESS. St. Louis, Mo., Nov. II.-John W. Gates, accompanied by Mrs. Gates and Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. Gates, arrived from Chicago yesterday on his new yacht Roxanna. Even a small amount of cotton will destroy the comfort and health-bringing qualities of linen mesh. Be sure to get ?6wetwe The makers stand behind every gament with an absolute guar antee that it is pure Irish Linen to the last thread. It pays to be sure of that fact. FOR SALE BY Lewis Dry Goods Co., Park and Academy; Siegel Clothing Co., Cor. Main and Granite, Write to "Kneipp" Pub. licity Dept., 66 Leonard St., New York, for samples and instructive booklet. 0 '0 ..i . .use M al Ptr, which o- I the maveleus medt ~fiel o, Natur' Own a ., "These Platers ere truly a bless _o sit . tilering t Li, Inflammation of j , 6 .abIre cI s,,orset ,d sl rono. sinsthan an tiof, diseases ,i t a.hJr %: s Medaln tL Pbeter., which cthe sait of that mot wonldbelc ei a.l La ereftb eaousMedka Lake Salst, Nature's Own,,Lt -. t Y TNL M AT. DRUS iTORut, ojI. SA0N aadare a .jýaei. d harmonious .combInation .of healing ant lstrsag NthaMng Gnaretst eeds direct witom the lslts of that mt woaderl of Slthe the besator t.dmosThey are no attest medicie, eas - N, D I. AI. S A Sal SATS CitO. CO.; or, i IMBD L LMB EDLII--PO C MALE Iii BUTTE E T ! ST. Filen 3 N. In St.; axson &Roeeller, a W Park; City Drug Store, e di. Par; trerom . Park; Walsdol W. Sparrow.3ag E. Park. FOR SALE IN HELENA BY SEhonborm Drug Co., .6 S. Main St.; City Dn. Store, sae S. Mats St.; J. B. Lockwood, 137 N. Main St.; Frank C. Sutphen, Diamond lk., 6th Ave. W. FOR SALE IN MISSOULA BY G. F. Peterson, ast6 Higgins Ave.; Smith & Simons, Higgins Ave.; Missoula Drug Co.; Fresheimer Drug Co., Wholeale Distributors. Montana Drug heaprany, Wholotesale Drtributers. RAISE DEFENSE FUND NEW YORK LIQUOR MEN ARE GOING DOWN TO LEGISLATE AT ALBANY THIS YEAR. DY ASSOCIATED PRESS. New York, Nov. nI.-In fear of further dra-s tic legisiation, following that of last winter, when the license fees in this state were ad vanced greatly, the central organization of the New York City Wine, Liquor and Beer Deal ers' association, has adopted resolutions ap proving the defense fund formulated at the recent Liquor Dealers' national convention, and has fixed New York state's contribution at $750,00ooo. It was announced that this money is to be raised by a tax label to be put on every pack age of liquor and barrel of beer, but sonimec of the dealers said the label may not be used. lhey stated that the money can be raised by regular assessment upon each saloonkeeper. In Manhattan alone there are 8,0oo members of the association in good standing. If every state represented in the association takes action, the fund at this rate will approximate REPORT THAT MORGAN IS TO GIVE UP THE HELM London Stocks Affected by Rumor-it Is Said There I. No Truth in the Report Circulated. SY ASSOCIATED PRESS. London, Nov. Iz.-The report from New York to the effect that J. Pierpont Morgan proposed to retire from business was given prominence in the newspapers here today and the weakness of Amert cans on the stock exchange was attri buted thereto, though the operators were somewhat skeptical as to the truth of the rumnors. "The king of the trusts," "the Morgan of the world," "the financial titan" are a few of the titles bestowed on Mr. Mor gan by the papers which comment on the report. Mr. Morgan's London house declares the report of his intended retirement to be "quite untrue." Stamped a Canard. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. New York, Nov. II.-At the office of J. P. Morgan & Co. It was said today that Mr. Morgan had no intention whatever of retiring from active business and re ports that he had such intention were 'ntirely incorrect. HARRY J. HOOVER IN CUSTODY SY ASSOCIATED PReas. Newark, N. J., Nov. s z.--Harry J. Hoover, former cashier of the People's National bank of this city, was placed under arrest last night by a deputy United States marshal on a warrant charging him with having made a false entry in the books of the bank. The accused was permitted to waive examination and gave bond of $So,ooo for his appearance, pend ing action by the United States grand jury. MONSTER FREIGHT ENGINE RY ASSOCIATED PRESS, San Francisco, Nov. I .--A new loco motive, said to be the largest in the world, has just arrived at the western terminal of the Santa Fe railroad in Southern California. It is the first of 45 giant locomotives to be used to haul freight over the steep grades on that company's lines. The new -engine weighs over 543% tons, with drivers 57 inches in diameter. PLEAD GUILTY TO PEONAGE BY ASSOCIATED PRESS, .Birmingham, Ala., Nov. I.--L. A. Gro gan, William Joiner, L, L. London, J. McDaniel and F. M. Pruitt of Dadeville pleaded guilty in the United States court here to charges of peonage and each was fined $),ooo. Sentence was suspended in each case. Hammersohlag Named. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS, Pittsburg, Pa., Nov. II.--The commit tee appointed by the board of trustees of the Carnegie institute to select a presi dent for the Carnegie Technical school of Pittsburg yesterday reported in favor of Arthur Arton Hammaerschlag of New York for the position. The salary will be $8,ooo a year. Great Stars to Combine. BY ASSOCIATED PRESS, Paris, Nov. II.-It is asserted that Bernhardt, Rejane and Calve intend to form a coalition for the purpose of taking together a theater in Paris. ROSAHO DRIVER TO COMMIT SUICIDE OEAD ITALIAN rINISTER OF FINANCE WROTE FRI1END THAT SOCIAL ISTS HAD HOUNDED HIM. HE HAD NOT THE COURAGE Could No Longer Hold Up His Head Under Charges That He Had Been Short in Official Accounts. BY ASSOCIATED PRESs. Naples, Nov. uz.-llefure committing suiclJe Tuesday Finance Minister Rosarno wrote to Premier Giolitti tendering his resignation. In another letter to the premier he proclaims his innocence of the charges brought against him, which charges, he said, he had no longer the courage to resist. The funeral of Signor Rosano yesterday was a most impresslve one. All the civil and mili tary authorities and the troops rendered mili tary honors to the deceased. The streets along the route to the burial place were densely crowded. At the grave Minister of Foreign Affairs Tittoni said that the sudden end to the br,lliant character of Signor Rosano had deeply affected the minis ters of the king, who reverently bowed before the lamented remains. Cardinal Prisco, who knew how religious Signor Rosano had always. been, gave permis. sion that his body be buried in consecrated ground, heretofore forb.-den to those who commit suici.e. There was, however, no relil glous ceremony. Jones' Dairy Farm Sausage at P, J. Brophy's. AGAINST TORPEDOES Navy Department Favors Abandoning the Deadly Machines. Is the torpedo to be abandoned as a fea ture of modern warfare? This question is raised by ndmiral O'Neill in his annual report, given out today. He calls attention to the fact that for the first time In many years some of the powerful battleships and armored cruisers now being designed have no. provision for torpedoes,. Admiral O'Neill rather inclines to the belief that torpedoes should be omitted from vessels of this class. He says: "It is the opinion of this bureau that the most effective use of torliedoes is most likely to be obtained when they are used on vessels designed especially to use them, such as torpedo boats and submarine boats. Their value on board large boats is, to say the least, problematical. The gun, with its great power and accuracy, is and must be the main factor in all de cistve naval combats. The torpedo may occasionally get in its deadly work and may have an important effect upon the battle tactics of a fleet, but it is not likely to decide an action," Admiral O'Neill goes on to discourage the accuracy and -cliability of discharged torpedoes, and says that is addition they take up a great deal of Lpace and weight on board ship. He says that the torpedo is essentially a weapon of opportunity and probably of remote opportunity. "No case is recorded," he says, "of one vessel being torpedoed by another, nor of the use of the automobile torpedo having af fected any naval combat. Sentiment at present seems to be in favor of a long range topedo to be used in fleet actions, the argument being that a fleet of eight ves sels extended in a column 3,000 yards long, with intervals of 400 yards--that if a torpedo Is fired at this column, present ing such a large target, it will stand about one chance in four of making a hit." Washington Correspondent Brooklyn Eagle. Railway Men Meet. DY ASSOCIATED PR5SS. New Orleans, Nov. it.--The annual convention of traveling passenger agents was opened here yesterday, President Fitzgerald presiding. Nearly Soo mem bers were present, including several from Canada. The morning session of the con vention was devoted to welcoming ad dresses. El Paso, Portland, Ore., and Mex ico and Mexico City are after the 190o4 convention. GIVES HIS LIFE FOR OTHERS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS, New York, Nov. II.-Joseph Johnson, a motorman of a Brooklyn trolley car, has probably sacrificed his life to save an unknown woman and two children from death under the feet of a runaway horse. He is now in a hospital with a fractured skull and one leg broken. T'he doctors say he cannot possibly recover, BIG CHICAGO FAILURE aY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Chicago, Nov. a t.--Another large leaf tobacco concern, that of Crump Brothers, was forced into the bankruptcy court yes terday. The firm has had a large trade in leaf tobacco for to years, and its failure, like that of Sutter Brothers, caused sur prise among business men. The concerns of Sutter Brothers and Crump Brothers were intimately connected in business dealings, and the failure of the former injured the credit of the latter to such an extent that it was deemed advis able to turn the property over to the care of the United States district court, so that all creditors might be treated alike. The liabilities of the firm are estimated at $Sas,ooo, and the assets at $r5o,ooo, though the latter are said to be worth nominally more than the debts. MEMPHIS SOCIETY GIRL RUN OVER AND KILLED BY ASSOCIATED PRESS. Memphis, Tenn., Nov. Iz.-Miss Doug lass Calhoun, prominent in society circles and a member of an aristocratic family, was killed by a car last night. The young lady, her brother and a wonian friend, were taking a horseback ride. At the ap proach of the car the animal became frightened and Miss Calhoun was thrown immediately in front of the rapidly mov ing car and instantly killed. ALABAMA IS FOR ROOSEVELT .Y ASSOCIATED PREss, Montgomery, Ala., Nov. It.-The Ala bama supporters of President Roosevelt, white and colored, have pledged their support to the president's policy. At a conference of more than do re publicans, resolutions declaring that negroes should have places on the dele gation to the next republican national convention as well as representation on all the sub-committees were adopted with. out dissent. ACTION OF RADIUM On Organic Bodies Kills Microbes and Will Cure Consumption. In regard to the injury that radio activity may cause to living organisms, the case of Becquerel himself, who carried a tiny tube containing radium in his vest pocket has already been mentioned. A sore was produced on his side which, not withstanding every possible effort, re quired many weeks to heal. The Curies have placed small quantities in phials at the backs of the necks of rabbits and other small animals, resulting in 24 hours in very serious action to them. By insert ing a small quantity at the back of the neck Into the flesh the animals died in a short time. It is undoubtedly true, however, that there has been much exaggeration in re gard to the injurious results from the use of radium. About its marvelous penetra tion there is no doubt. It does penetrate the human flesh, for the writer had had a diamond phosphoresce brilliantly in the palm of his hand when the radium was held below the back of the hand. Henry Crooks, F. C. S., exhibited a number of plate cultures and photographs illustrative of the bactericidal properties of the emanations from radimm. Various cultures of bacteria were exposed to the action of to milligrams of bromide of radium througl a mica screen at about one inch distance from the surface of the plate. After having been subjected to the action of the radium emanations-"electrons" in these cases-the plates were incubated for 24, 48 or more hours. In every case it was found that the microbes were killed where they had been exposed to the radium, so that on incubation a bare space, free from bacterial growths, was left on the plate opposite the point where the radium had been placed. Among the bacteria experi mented with were B liquefaciens, B coli communis, B prodiciosus, etc. Frederick Soddy, in the British Journal, states that five minutes' application of radium is equivalent to to years' applica tion of thorium, although both instanta neously produce radio-active emanations of gases in infinitesimal quantities. He be lieves it possible to inhale the emanations of both these substances for the treatment of consumption, The maximum possible dose of radium solution should be the gaseous contents of a bubble; a few bubt bles each breath every 24 h'ours.-Review of ýviews. S .or nz's Patient Well, Chcago, Nov. I. -- Lolita Armour, whom Dr, Lorenz of Vienna treated for hip disease, is so far recovered that she is able to dance.