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The Butte inter mountain. (Butte, Mont.) 1901-1912, December 12, 1903, Image 9

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Says His Whole Family Is Peouliar and
That He Himself May Not Be
Just Right in the Head.
(Continued from Page One.)
ation and unable to sleep, penniless and
alone, he appealed for the last time for
a small portion of the $800oo secured from
him, and upon refusal went to Helen's
room and drawing his revolver, shot her
to death and then fled. How he awaited
news of her death with the intention of
killing himself as soon as he heard she
was gone. He told of his capture and
return to jail in this city.
Jury Enthralled.
The jury leaned forward and listened
Intently to the story. Every man in the
courtroom careened his neck to grasp
every word. All was solemnity through
out the whole proceedings.
Th, jury was-secured at s :35, and was
as follows:
Sam McHaffey, Daniel Cameron. A. J.
Palmer, John G. Currie, Harry Shafer, Jo
seph Sheppard, A. E. Woodbury, Mike Mc
Nulty, J. V. Johnson, Elmer D. Fuller,
Henry Staebler and D. J. Smith.
In winding up his statement Beckman
recounted the story of the occurrences in
the county attorney's office Thursday when
the was offered what he supposed was
Beckman stated that one of the jailers
came to him and announced that Deputy
IHaggerty wanted 'him. He was taken to
the county attorney's office and there met a
physician, one of the assistants to the
county attorney and one or two other
people. He was questioned as to his ante
cedents and told them of his father's
death from diabetes, and how he had been
an invalid for a number of years before
his death.
He was asked if he would have killed
himself before he shot Miss Kelly. He
replied that he would not, but that he in
tended to after he did the shooting. He
was asked if he wanted to destroy himself,
and replied yes. He was offered what
purported to be poison and started to
take it. He was asked to taste it, but re
fused, saying if it was strychnine he
<would take it and be done with it.
"Why did you not taste it " he was
"I did not know the taste of strychnine
and there was no use tasting it, and all I
wanted was to kill myself and be through
with it. And I wish to God it had been
poison and they had let me take it."
Beckman told of an injury received to
his head in WValsenburg, Colo. lIe had
been working about a gambling house as
swanper, and had been invited by the
proprietor to play his earnings in the
house. He did so and was a constant
winner. He had taken in about $2oo and
was preparing to leave when he was hit
over the Bhead and knocked unconscious.
This wound troubled him for a long time.
During the afternoon a deposition from
DMrs. Quiglcy, foster -mother of Beckman,
who resides in California, will be intro
duced to show that he was not right men
tally when a child.
'Several physicians will he called by the
At Morris & Co's
64 West Park St.
When Out Shopping
When out shopping drop in
and get a cup of hot Coffee,
Chocolate, Cocoa, Bouillon,
or Clam Juice served with
a dainty lunch . ....
Bee HIve
33 W. Park
Earthen Mixing Bowls, the old
fashioned kind, worth 750 for,,...50
Earthen Baking Dishes, nice
enough to put on the table ......25
Japanese Decorated Baking
Dishes, worth 35c, for......... 25
Large size, worth 5oe, for..... 35
White Cups and Saucers, each..l10
Nicely Decorated Fruit Dishes, in
good China, would be considered
cheap at $2.ao, for........... $150
Decorated Glass Plates, with open
work, made to hang with rib
bons .........................150
Glass Trays, large size......... 25
Bee Hive
33 West Park
defense to testify as to Becrman's sanity.
When Beckman took the stand in the
afternoon be was subjected to a searching
cross-exrmination by Mr. Breen. He told
of having taken out a life insurance poliey
in the United Workmen for $a,ooo in fa
vor of Helen Kelly, but later canceled it,
explaining that "he was afraid they would
kill him for the policy."
Grew Nervous at Last.
Beckman was on the stand for three
hours and exhibited fatigue and nervous
ness toward the last. He traced his course
about the United States, described his fas
cination for travel and told of the differ
ent places he had visited. He gave de
tails and descriptions of events in a man
ner calculated to impress upon one's mind
the fact that he had an acute memory on
some points.
He told of three events in which he
bad been injured about the head, once in
Phoenix, Ariz., once in Walsenburg, Colo.,
and again by being thrown from a train
near Dillon. When asked why he did not
shoot the man who hit himt on the head
with the gun he said: "I did not love
the man and made the best of it. I loved
Helen, and that is why I killed her."
Beckman only smiled once, and that was
when he told about being hit over the head
in VWalsenburg. He stated that he was
informed by his foster mother that his
another had been severely beaten by his
father a few days prior to his birth and
that his father had an ungovernable
temper, while his brother, Henry, was a
boy anyone could influence, make angry
and then make laugh. That his whole
family were afflicted with this peculiarity.
Omaha, Dec. i2.-El-liott l.owe, who was
Thursday indicted on a charge of bribery
in connection with the appointment of a
postmaster at Alma, Neb., presented hint
self at the federal building yesterday, but
was not arraigned. None of the other per
sons indicted Thursday appeared, and war
rants will probably be issued for them
and given to a deputy United States mar
shal for service.
Missoula, Dec. sa.-After a lingering
illness of several months duration, Mrs.
Elizabeth Burns, wife of James Burns, is
dead at her home in Lows addition. Can
cer of the bowels was the cause.
She was 37 years of age and is survived
by her husband, who was working in Vir
ginia City at the time of her death, and
three daughters. Her parents reside in
Tokio. Dec. 12.-The diet has been disolved.
liope has been entertained in official circles
that in view of the extraordinary step taken by
the lower house l'Thursday in his reply to the
speecch fron the throne that the v'te on the
reply would be reversed yesterday. 'The allied
parties, at meetings held outside the diet,
decided that the action taken should not be
reversed and the dissolution followed.
Missoula, Dec. a2.-Attorney E. C. Mul
roney has returned from Helena, where
he prosecuted in the federal court the
case of E. A. Walden against the North
ern Pacific, which for a second-tile re
sulted in a mistrial. lie says the case will
be tried again.
Fifty-one Deaths Is Total.
Butler, Pa., Dec. Ir.-Not a single
death from typhoid fever has occurred in
Butler during the past 24 hours and but
six new cases have been reported. Total
number of cases are r,3o6; deaths, 5I.
Is a Very Valuable Medicine and Is Good
For Almost Anything.
Salt cleanses the palate and furred
tongue, and gargle of salt and water is
often efficacious. A pinch of salt on the
tongue, followed to minutes afterward by
a drink of cold water, often cures a sick
headache. Salt hardens gums, makes
teeth white and sweetens the breath. Cut
flowers may be kept fresh by adding salt
to the water.
Weak ankles should be rubbed with a
solution of salt water and alcohol. Rose
colds, hay fever and kindred affTections
may be much relieved by using fine dry
salt, like snuff. Dyspepsia, heartburn and
indigestion are relieved by a cup of hot
water in which a small spoonful of salt
has been melted. Salt and water will
sometimes revive an unconscious person
when hurt, if brandy or other remedies
are not at hand. Hemorrhage from tooth
pulling is stopped by filling the mouth
with salt and water.
Weak and dred eyes are refreshed by
bathing with warm water and salt. Pub
lic speakers and many noted singers use
a wash of salt and water before and after
using the voice, as it strengthens the
organs of the throat. Salt rubbed into
the scalp or occasionally added to the
water in washing prevents the hair falling
out. Feathers uncurled by damp weather
are quickly dried by shaking over a fire
in whioh salt has been thrown. Salt al
ways should be eaten with nuts, and a
dessert fruit salt should he specially made.
-Table Talk.
According to a letter recently received
from the Philippines, a white woman is
valued at about $80o in the Moro islands.
A year or so ago a quartermaster of the
American army took his wife with him to
Bongoa, and the writer describes how the
tall, graceful American woman appeared
in the eyes of the shrewd old natives of
that seaport.
An old Maharajah was especially inter
ested. Noticing his attention the governor
of Bongoa asked the old fellow what he
thought the quartermaster's wife, a Juno
esque lady, should be worth in dollars and
The toothless old Maharajah took it all
quite seriously, looked at the woman in
question with much discrimination, pulled
at his wisp of a billy-goat beard a mo
ment in contemplative silence, and then
replied that he thought she was worth
about a hundred dollars Mexican,
an abnormally large amount, as Moro
women seldom average over $40 Mexican
'Then the Irrepressible governor turned
to Mrs. Russell, who is slim and graceful,
asking at what the IMaharajah thought she
should be valued. Without a moment's
hesitation, the old sinner, to' the lady's
chagrin and the uproarious amusement of
the whole party, appraised her at only $8o
,Mexican.-Loa Angeles Express.
As an advertising medium the Inter
Mountain leads il 'Montana papers.
Non-Union Men, Fearing They Will Be
Let Go, Have Gone Into Court
and Secured an Order.
New York, Dec. a.--Following an
agreement made with the local stereo
typers and electrotypers' unions by the
United States Printing comnpany, an Ohio
corporation doing business in Brooklyn,
that after January i, it will retain only
union men in its employ, Judge Marean,
in the supreme court, has granted a ten-.
porary injunction restraining the company
from discharging its non-union employes.
An order was issued against the comr
pany and the electrotypers and stereo
typers directing theml to show cause why
the injunction should not lie made per
tmanent. The complainants alleged con
spiracy to make tihe shop a union concernl.
Justice Mareau's decision is sweeping in
its provisions and restrains the union from
organizing a strike agailist tile company,
picketing, boycotting or in any other way
interfering with its business.
Hlelena, Dec. t2.-The stpreme court
today dismissed the damage suit of Doyle
against the city of Iutte, upon motiuon
of applellant,. thie case havinig been settled.
.Mountain for Sale.
The extinct volcano of I'lpocatapetl i
on the market for sale. The price asked
is $3.oo, ,ooo , and it is estitlle;t dl to con
tain untold wealth ill sulphur alone a:nd
a generous supply of other valuable ain
terial. The crater is over 1,5i feet i,
dianmeter and about t..tou deep and is one
solid mass of sulphur. The deposit has
lieeni estinmated at over I ,l.o.ooo tons.
The sull)phur is taken in such qtuantities
as to be a source of considerable incomll
to the owner, but tile methods followed
at present are very crude, and with mud
ern machinery it is said that the profit
woull be fabulous.
The volcano is the property of General
Gasper S. Ochoa of tlhe enginlcring corps
of the Mexican artly. Years ago, while a
student in thile Nationllal Military academy,
his engineering mind was directed toward
that now smokeless chimney of the earth.
lie had read how Cortez detailed a group
of his bravest soldiers to ascend the vol.
cano and bring sulphLur out of the crater
with which to mantuacture gunpowder,
needed for the continuation of his war of
conquest against the Aztecs.
General O)chloa rendered such good ser
vice for tile independence of his colnutry
during the French invasion that whein h:
asked for a concession of the volcano the
Mexican governllent gave it to hint as a
At present the sulphlur is mined by Iin, i
who go down illto tile crater and shovel
it into sacks, which are placed on the
backs of mules and carried down tht,
nountaint side. It has been figtlred that
it would cost $8oo,ooo to erect a mlodernl
transportation plant to take the sulphur
out ini great quantitics.-l hiladelphia
He Dropped the Subject.
"Ten thouvand dollars for a dog I" lihe
exclaimed as he looked up from his news
paper. "Do you believe anyone ever pail
any such price, Maria?"
"I'm sure I don't know, James," she
returned without stopping her needle work
even for a moment. "Does the paperbay
that mutch was paid?"
"Yes. T'here's an article on valuable
dogs, and it speaks of one that was sold
for $So,ooo. I don't believe it!"
"It may be true, James," she said quietly.
"Some of those blooded animals bring
fancy prices and there's no particular rea
son why the paper should lie about it."
"I know that, Maria; but just think of
itt Just try to grasp the magnitude of that
sum in your weak, feminine mind. You
don't seem to realize it. Ten thousands
dollars for a dog I Why, hang it, Maria,
that's more than I am worth I"
"I know it, Joseph, but some are worth
more than others."
She went calmly on with her sewitng,
while he fumed and sputtered for a mo
ment, and then dropped the subject, es
pecially the weak, feminine mind part of
it.-Brooklyn Eagle.
A Dutch Alarm Clock.
In passing through the narrow, crooked little
streets of l.eenwardcn I chanced upon a sign
that Ield my attention and compelled thought.
It read:
0 ------- ---0
1 L. V. D. ZWAAN
o ------------ '0
o --- -.o
o *------ --o
This is faultlces I)utch for Morning Waker,
and it signifies that L. v. d. 'waant will, for a
paltry suns, leave his bel in the frosty hour,
of early morning, and putting sweet sleep 1
hind hinm, arouse his slumberous client'.
Truly, a worthy callingl Yet, tell me, you
who are versed in occult things, who or what,
in this somnolent land, wakes the Morgan
Wekker ?-Scribner's.
"Of course, there is considerable differ
ence between the hotels conducted on'the
European plan and those on the Americant
"Oh, yes I On the European plan you
merely pay for what you want, and-"
"And on the American plan you pay for
what you don't get."-Philadelphia Ledger.
Not Worrying.
"Don't you sometimes feel that you owe
your country more than you can ever re
pay ?"
"Why should I worry about that?" sail
Senator Sorghum." My country isn't send
ing any collectors around,"-Washington
A Chalk Higher. ,1
She-Papa says that when coming to see me
you must not come in a street car any more.
I-Ie--Really! Does he xpecot me to walk all
this distance?"
She-Of course not. He says all he asks is
that you come in a carriage hired by the hour.
New York Weekly.
Veesels May Land.
Cartagena, Dec. z.-- tie Colombia"
government has removed the bans against
vessels of the republic of Panaaa.
r A Remember There mre
But Bleven Shopplng
Days Before 6hrIetmraK
Bargains in Domestles
Special Items for Saturday's Selling
S - ... . They'll Tell Their Own Story
and the Story Will Be Straight
7 and 8c Callcoes for 3c Yard
('hoico of our Ientirt toctlk of 7e iwil 8 e . ii ir.ow, ii light col
S oringx, 'T'urkey red, ntvy hil te, hilk and giays, 210 ynrdi lim Iit
to enelh (iitAItiier, Itt l yard.
,' _lIOc Outing Flannels for 014c Yard
I ý ..-` ()ir retgilzir I0e quality of oiutlg Ilitttinel, ill light lit(( dMurk
111 ` colorings. going todll it ill/ (1I yirn l.
1 I5c Outing Flannels for lOc Yard
-. "-( )t.r ri'gtltl r 1 1I ".e 11id 15 e out hug 1hui1'1, in light, ineditul
Stld dlu rk eolot'i 'lg ', goilang todildy at It.I ya d.
"'Frihit of ti'he Lom" lnd "olhl pe"' Ihieahli'd Ii.,mhroiulerld Iltnnelm, all wool, with I i'-t le
n1uadlin1. 10 yards Ihe limit Ito eelh tiustomi'ir, lit signii nwlly tmbroidr(tId illn ilk:
7.;,e yard. lRtguhlnr M.e IhItit.els for 59, yard.
Seotch fluniuls, all wool ianid 27 iinches wilde, Iogllhilr $1.00 lunntoels for 7'et yardl.
i d(lrk phnidl only. Ihgullar 5,0t vliies t.r lIegular' $1.2.5 Ilnin.ils for 95,'e yadl.
25e yardc. Mloguilr $1.-50) tinittneI fir' $1.:I) 'yard.
Fine( wool (,iilh'rhlluwni, '27 iin h .lc %wide' ill (,li' Iigil.h' . ').2. Itlilllnni l for $1.;5 yard.
c o lo rin g s. I eg l ,r ' . . v a l l u fo r '' i . . , d . "ht ig i l t,' , *2. .5 t . .iie l, fIi r 1. 9 5 y a rdl .
Fino w ,ool ,iht',hdrd wn, :111; inihel's Widh. iii all wilt'. li'guil' :o. vali goig riiiiday and Sit
p ilIai colorings. It.'gilii, (6i' vahlins for ~ ,l yarl. ,lilay at 1,.
Table Linens, Napkins, Etc
Suggestions for Christmas Presents From Notion D!pt.
Illen'oh d Irish.atin ,Iu u:Ik 1? l 4ll, 1 'l,,4th.11, two, lo'nh, d Irisl h r.lin ,hidaumask hI.n1b elt h, s.Hze
y l'rdI .qullll'', witlh o(,' Ii 1 ,' ..' inll'h nllki s :' IY :1; .v 'hlli, , ,114, n o Io n ill 'hll llllch ilc s to)
to atch'h. O() ly $1.51 .t. malh, with i l IrhI l ' a ll 'i , onli l It il V p , s1iot,
Ih'ouchI d (('r.I'l n ;1in dnlill h tablºo( h la,. thi, o('nll'V..ulllh ,llli. Inlip, Ihii-', Shll ,ura k, s;.roll,
two y11'i,8l 8illii'i', with oils dine llt , 'tt ih h u iiip f'', ivy, I l,,twkl nt ald t.osi de1,. gll -;. P'ric 'om ly
kipns to match.i. (,,(,d, d Iu llrle gu nlliti ;t $1.51) $10.0)() Set.
and $.s.0O se't. fringld lim it labl elotlh, 2 ylly s Slluarl',, will,
lbo h'le llI 'ar .!. ol , s Ihe . h w it h ,I h,,d, > I.I. , rig d nuplHkin4
duze. :,'.. 21 -iteli ,inpkin. to iniih.'l o( oi, t . ,i
entl dI.,ign. . Ea llh sot t1l in rf1un.v box. I'rio.(.. I)oulIbh, ho,.,.tilhld all lin.n tbIbl)oh,,hth, , 3
$1.50, $1(l0.01) , $12.50, $1.0,, 1 , $1 7.,11 aiid y1rl' s.lu'r', anlld ie olwn ii I dpkili to iticiteh.
$20.00 sit. A gor'I'nill linii , l:heavy mail dtlurale. r'i'e(
()no lino, funio.v (.mblrlhrobl'1r m,..lin .he,,t only $ ,01 Sot .
( I 'wo, Ilillo v,' -aw , 1t1 m11 tvl, h 14o'l11.yl h, oi.l ill h,,Ie A ( finn ,', lu,,'lInen ,t f of 'i, t ,'tll ,rpicelh''('=, se,;o'f-,
ld p1 ut tup in a li y 1;1 '1 fol ' Is 1 a'ilait i ll p1i 1'- Iiravi ilotIh , tlltIi', h Ilth , Iiiili ii, tI ts'., 11in , h llt I
pses. No h ,tlselki,'1p''r (a- well illo',rd I, I Ito '.. ('lo oy, r'unniKw ,,ce, Sl:n..hl,.I, 'rlem .p,, 1,,tif,
withliut tlhim . l'.ri.. $:1.2 ., $:.7:1, $1.0t), llt ,li lu,, 'Irl n rill', , 1 ti Ii :,- , l ih.t alu l Irilh
$1..1, .) $5., $1;.0 ml l $7.,0 sI. htunl I brtliIr., li hit ns i t all Ilri.,,.
Hosiery and Glove Bargains
Extreme Novelties for the Extremeties
Soo novelhuis in hosiery a 4l . olv, l.lls a114l host, .ull,,rlo c, ,.kw.:Il', Iugs n d v ilings,
h] lllk rllcl' .hJl' III I 'and Jl,,lln I, ,'ck m n, llll; 111 'l hl al lli l nis.
NMaly' a 111ii' i cit I , ilt l.i',Il \t lln it ',,I t.o' , i'lt hig' a ll11 I,.rs nt f fi li' h ' If hIi li ly fr'ienll .
R ill gllv%'s hay,, it u n alul are a.lwa.,ys . ,'1n,lb,, bi, hol .' Iny m . Inllkw\V 11h, ii/, i l' C',olor Iºr'e
f',rroI, hlin. we ia-'n a
Glove Certificate
T hat ('wll(h.ihs i e h' ,,lh r I,, .11 1'I .,. t 1,,111 ,,," ((r,,o '. 1,l1 11. f gr,,I ' . .hf l .. c nlt'' linii. I,, the li u 11),lll nlll li;1111'l fill
c(' tirl ientll .
Stock @ollars at 25e Wool Mittens, Etc. For Boys and Girls
i'lnen and lawn .ollars, in cl. Wtmº'llllnli'. bhys' alll girls' wool I(havy, ribbed at er' wool
ored effeorts, slightly Holed,. Val.e i nitclns, goaidl, heavy iquiilty, dobie ot liotlug, withl double .clo. and
to $1.50 for 25.' eaclh. wool. 25a values for 19c falllshioned fIcot.
Wolliiln'sl o extra heali'vy Ilui('k wool 35c values for 25e
WomeCn's H 'osiery illi t'lln, with high wrisiH. laoys' aniid girls' Hil, Inlou'kl wool
Ings, fast blaok, hull fItiihtlonct, wil ( w35e values for 25ce ie klligi, 2 1 rib, good weinlog;
dlutlublo soles. If yllo ' alni girIl ' blilck wool i it.- G.0e vallllit for 35: llI r', or
35c values for 25c Itlo, gotod, heavy qiality, with 3 palrs for $1.00
Women' fin lF'riellch wool ('ash. fullany Imlks. 35c and 50c pair ll1yso' and girls' light and
moro stockings with double sxles Womin's doubllio wool miltn.l1H, heavy weightI cashllmnre wool
and fashloned logs, Irench i lnrliine, Pini tand f'aUny Iack(I, It1e., hligKl stock(ingl , dolblo ll ol , hloels
heels and toes. tegular iuc gqaliay. wrist 35c, 3Oc and 75c pair and kne'lo. Vailut( to 75'. Only
3pairs for $1.00 W.omn's and clhlldr'n'x wiiter 45 pair.
Women's fine P'rnch and cor- gloves ini white and gray. Belts
man cashmere stonlcings, tic(' quad- 25e values for 15e palr T'ho altonmobll loatlher belts,
lty, plain and ribbed, with double Women's wool golf gloves, with with thoe low cruslh (ff'ects In
solos. Values to $1.00. funt'y backs. black, rod, blue and tanll. Prlce
Only 215e pair 35c, 50e and 75e pair Only BSc each
Removed From Man's Stomach After
Two Delicate Operations.
Dr. Roswell l'ark, of Iulftalo, wro at
tended President McKinley on his ideath
bed, has successfully performed an opera
tio on 1Fredecirk C. Siuith, of this city,
ifr the renloval of two false teeth from
his stomlach. Two attempts were meade to
get the teeth. The first operation was per
formed yesterday, and was unisuccessful.
The seconld operation was performed to
day, just as soon as the patient had ral
lied sufficiently from the shock of the lirst
opelration to statnd it.
Mr. Smith is young and vigorous. lie
is a yardniaster of the L.ehigh Valley rail
road in this city. On Frilday night, dur
ing a fit of cougghing, lie swallowecd a plate
containing two false teeth. The teeth first
lodiged in the esophagus and did not cause
much distress. Mr. Smith felt his predica
mient so keenly that lie would not tell his
co-laborers what his trouble was, but lie
soon left work and consulted )Dr. (). E.
McCarthy, of this city. That physician
advised him to go to Buffalo for an opera
I)r. Park made an examiniation and ad
vised an operation at once. It was per
formed at the BIuffalo general hospital,
but it was not successful, as it was found
that the teeth had passed down into the
stomach. Dr. Park advised the patient
of the seriousness of an operation to re
move the teeth, and Smith at once con
sented to take the chances, as there seemed
no other way of obtaining relief.
Mr. Smith was made as comfortable as
possible in the hospital and a second opera
tion was performed today. 'a e X-ray was
used to locate the teeth. The stomach
was then cut open and the foreign matter
removed. Mr. Smith is doing well.
Niagara Falls (N. Y.) Correspondent New
York Herald.
To Proteot Sailors.
Washington, Dee. 1a.-Senator Hoar
yesterday introduced a bill, providing that
clotiltig (f sem'nen h11al be exemipt front
attacltilent and making it a misdelmeanor
for any perlonll to detainl such clothing
when demlandled by lth owner.
For Parcels Post.
Ily An', Ao IIll. I'SS.
Washilngton, I ec. It . tepresenatllive
Hearst of New York introllucld a bill in
. houseI to establish a parcels post. It
p idtis for the clasiticatiojn of mail mat
i di ning the kijnd that shall be carried
in thc'ditterent clai cs.
y ' - Bonier Held.
t fl' o Y A tol t IAl Il a n' .,
ff'alo, N. Y., D)ec. zs.---(Charles 0o
nier, 71 year.s old, was held on the charge
of having mlurdereld iFranz and Jolalnna
Frehre, the aged couple wh.ose mtlutilaled
)bodits were founlldl Il I)cecenlJbr 3, buried
in their own yard.
Her Cultivated Taste.
"Ilow is your daughter gettini on with
her lmsic ?"
"Very well," answered Mr. ('umrox.
"She ihas got alongll so far that when I
ask her to play anlytling 1 like she looks
Ilaughty and says, "The idea."--\Vasling
ton Star.
Mistaken Economy When Applied to
This Department of Government.
[Chicago Chronicle.]
An official Washington report states that
for three years past the postoflice depart
ment would have been self-supporting but
for the increase in rural free delivery ap
It is well for the country, then, that the
postoffice department was not self-sus
taining. While profligate waste of public
money is to ble condemned under all cir
cumstances, there is a species of frugal
and provident investment upon which
instant and direct returns are impossible.
Such an investment is the postal system
of a free people.
Everytbinu that eliminates distance in
the world is a civilizer. Personal contact
of nations has brokenl own the barriers
tlhat held them apart and instigated and
prolonged wars.
'IIe( intimate intercourse of a civilized
ieople is, a leveler uip. It abolishes caste
andi bigotry, diffuses knowledge and pro
tnI l( good fellowship, always assumIIing
that virtue thus gains iniluenlce over vice
and industry over idllet ..
The educat'ional intlhence of a good pos.
tat system, internatinal. and domestic,
partakes of the advantages of travel. It
brings to the knowl'edge of many a large
prolportion of the goodl thi;ngs of the world
which otherwise they would either have
to travel to bec)ime familiar with or of
which they would he left in ignorance.
Were there no olther rea:sons thani the
mnoral and aesthetic onlls a liberal postal
systr t findls in these :a, adequate justili
The dlefect in the Armerican postal syij
temn is the ildeqtuacy of its local service.
In this respect the American system is
inferior to the postal system of most of
tile ,1ur1opeanl coulntries. It is an incon
sistency in our national rank in the world
that a people who read more than any
other ill proportion to population and
who write more letters than any other
should not have the most ctiiciect postal
system inl the world.
8ons of Men.
[PPhiladelphia Record.]
Mr. Carnegie is very sorry for rich
men's sons, and it is true enough that
many of them do not prove eminently use
ful citizens; 'but the young Goulds and
tile young Vanderbilts, and a good many
other rich young fellows, are applylng
themselves closely to business. And then,
while Mr. Carnegie began poor and will
have to work overtime in giving away
money in order to avoid the disgrace of
dying rich, yet millions of poor men's
sons, and many of them Scotch at that,
do not develop into captains of industry
or kings of finance. The greater part of
them never get any farther than their
parents did.

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