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AT WORLD'S FAIR REPRODUCTION OF SCENES OF THE BIRTH AND LIFE OF CHRIST ARE TO BE SHOWN. ARE TAKEN FROM REAL LIFE Buildings Are Exact Imitations and Real Inhabitants of thee Holy City Will Live in Them. St. I.oui., Dec. -9.--If any Americnn ehild hadul d'ired to prtml thristmias in Jeru.al~enlt., the Holy (ity, it would not have bteen nce;ssary for him to rross the sea andt travel afar in alien latnds. i.e could hatle coime toi St. ftiio, whlere, n it I tract of land included in the World's lair grounds, Jerusaltem is heing iuilt. True, it is not the actual Jerusalem of Iible til's, but it i i a reproduction, marvelousily -c rate, of the Jlerusaleim that stands to cIT",dI.I. TOIVIR O; DAVID). . . .. .. .. . . .. . . ..... . . . . .. ...... .... .. . . .. . . - ...-. day upon the site in Palestine which for 38 centuries has been holy ground-re vered alike by Jew. Christian and Moslem. Many remarkable things are being pre pared for the \'orld's Fair, but none that surpasses this in any of the essential ele menlts if htumantU interest. Here and there througlhout the groutnds are reproductions of celeb atled I uil1lings, such as have been before at otlher expositions, though snot in such nnumilber anl excellence of selection; lut here, for the first time in thile world a city is ihing reproduced, and that city the (ie of all the world mist intensely in tern-tiitg to the plltple of Christelndom. 'I his is inot a paiiniini'ia of cyclortmna, it mnla Iet plroler to Ipint out to tIhse who are iincreidlulous it is an actualt city, whichi is leilin built ottllers of wuod anld still'; and it is nlo tioy (it). ibut is of aIctal size so fl'r a, the ar'ea:t that is Ibeing rebuilt 'I L;u rplr l:citii itf Jetrui';aileii occupies o" i i aro', of land. It includes prac tically all the fvutueiit of the HIoly City 'nlich ari i" dh'ply inimate inliterest to the Bildi il studnliit aid to itlly person to whlom te wh 'eulirful story of J.esus of N';lz:lr th, or the narratives of the Olid ettienit. aire of intere..t. W\hen tilhe W'rhld's Fair openiliis nothing will blie lack ing in "l'he New Jerusalemll," as this re prd'ltuctiott is called, to show life in the nilodern city of the ireit King as it really is- with hIsleti and Jew and Christian dlwellit! in separate quarters or itingling tonethecr in the cutrious anid quaint intarts of trade. Jlerualem. St. Louis. U. S. A., will be it llel by natives of Jerusalcm, the Iloly .ity. Arrantgetcmnts are being made .r her I by ablout i.0n i linhabitants of Jerusa lerim will lie brought to St. Louis to take up their residilence during the seven muonths of the exposition inside this seven-acre walled city. Atlong these people will be holhamnlmelans. Jews and Christians, each worshiping after his own fashion and liv ing his own life here in the reproduced city, just as he lives and worships at homne, htere the Mohanmmedan will find his sa cred nlosqulte, the Jew his synagogue, the Christian his church or chapel. Here each will walk about familiar streets, dwell in houses identical in pattern with those in which they dwell at home, and engage in the same trades or other occupations that engage their time and talents in the Holy City. In short, seven mouths of next year this it-acre tract, densely built over with houses, will lie Jerusaalem transplanted for the time in the New World, and as such cannlot fail to attract the attention of millions of personst, who are unable to visit the actual city in Palestine. Any boy or girl who is reasonably fa mniliar with modern Jerusalem, through pic ture:; or books. woull find Ilinutle to sug gest the Holy City in the reproduction now builting here. should a visit be paid to the site. First to attract the attention would be the outer wall of the city. The entire tract is being enclosed itn a wall of the dimensions of the actual wall of Jerusaletm. Wood antd staff, insterad of stone, are used in the construction, but so cleverly is the staff moulded and colored that it closely resembles the real stotne "round about" Jerutalcm. The trchitrects visited Jerusa. lent personally and studied with minute care the construction of the walls, towers and interior dwellings and other edifices which they were to reproduce at St. Louis, so that in all essential respects the ".,'Nw Jerusalem" will be identical in appearance with its original. Travelers now may go from Jaffa to Jerusalem by railroad. Thousands of pil grimus, however, annually approach the Holy City by the ancient highway, on the hacks of camnels or donkeys or trudging along on foot. For the sake of comparison we may let the Palace of Fine Arts stand for Jaffa, and the pilgrim of 19s4 may start from this superb edifice, filled with ancient and modern works of art, and reach within two minutes the Jaffa gate in the wall of Jerusalem, which is the main entrance and is located down the western slope of Art 1fil. Entering at the Jaffa gate the pilgrim finds himself inside the walled city of Jerusalem. Itfore him stretches the street of Iavid, the widest thoroughfare in the city. ()t tthe left side is the host guard ing the citadel, and on the right a line of quaint houses, while farther along on that side appear two modern hotelh, which are reproilhtced j ust as they stand in the Ilh ly ( ity. 'These hostelries, the (;rad New hotel and the Cen.tral hotel, are already built, andi will accommuodate during the exposition the ntlnnerous per soIns connecl teid wilt tihe Inailageillent of the "N, w Jeruisalem." Tlhe street of Iu.ir vid runs on to the west galte, crossing the Via I)nlorrosa, allng which thoroughfare, according It teradition, Jesus bore his cross oat the way to the crucifixion on Ctavalry. Here will he shownl the Ecco lilomo arch, upon which P'ontius Iilate stood when he cried to the populace. "Behold the man !" One of the points of interest on, the right hand side of the street of David is the wheat market, wsith dirt floor, in wshich Jew and Gentile strive for comrniercial mastery. It is vastly less nagnificentt than the stock exchange of New York, but as a place of business activity in thits sacred city it has its unfailing interest. Passing through (Christian street to the south, the W\orld's Fair 'pilgrim or crusader may enter all open space in which stands the Church of the lHoly Sepulcher, with the holy sepulcher itself repruduced in prroper position at tile east end. T'his Church of the Holily Sepulcher has been for centuries the subject of controversy amongst scholars and ecclesiasts. Tradi tionally, it is built utpon the site of the crucitixion. The original Church of the Iloly Sepulchler was erected upon the plres ut site Iby) the ]ulmperor Constantine. The church was destroyed and rebuilt re peatedly in the rclltulries of fierce strtlg. gle for possession of the Holy City be tween Christian and Moslem. When the crusaders took Jerusalem they enlarged the extent of the church considerably. The 'present building was erected early in the ilineteet.th cenltury, but certain fea ·it y e ar "3''t Y ; ~ ý ·>;;: % ,:. :;far..: K G O tures of the mediaeval architecture remain, and these are being reproduced in connec. tion with the replica of this venerable church at St. Louis. The large court in front of the church, its pavement worn by the feet of in numerable pilgrims, is to be reproduced accurately. Beneath the centrol dome of the church, which was rebuilt by the Greeks after having been destroyed by fire, is the sepulcher within a white mar ble edifice. This is divided into two small edifices, in the first of which ft found the stone where the angels were seated when they replied to the holy women, "lie is not here, but is risen." The second sanctuary encloses the sepul cher. Lights from lamps of gold and silver are always burning in this chapel and the air is redolent with burning per. fumes. At Oberainerganu there is an annual production of the "Passion Play," which has attracted world-wide attention, There the living Christ is ilnpersonated by an actor. Here at St. l.ouis will be shown, in reproduced outward aspect, what many persons believe to be the sepulcher of the Savior. For long ages devout men and women have made pilgrimages to that spot front many parts of the world. Biut there is now building within this World's Fair tract a structure which is ' more prominent architectural feature in Jerusalem than the Church of the loly Sepulcher. The Mosque of Omtar is theing reproduced inl staff, resting upon its mighty platform, with its wonderful dome tower ing high above the city. The cite of the I oly Sepulcher is disputed, but no one questions that the ground upon which stands the Mosque of Omar is the identi cal site of Solomon's temple and the tem ple of lHerod the Great, from which Christ scourged the mtoney changers. 'This considerable tract of land in Jeru ;alem, known to 'hristendom as the "tem ple area," and called the Ilarames-Sherif by the Mol;hammedans, has been holy grottd for nearly 4,ooo years. Temple aifter temple has ibeen builded upon,it, to fall before successive invaders---Assyrian, i(oman, Mohammedan; within this area have worshilpped the followers of the God of Ablrahamt, the believers in Jesus of Na zareth and the zealous and fanatic ad herents of .Mohanltmud. Even a pagan temple, built by ltadrian, has occupied the site of Solomon's magnificent temple. At times, for generations, the area has been but a tumble of ruins, yet it has not ceased for a momelllnllt to tie venerated as a holy place by the followers of some great re ligious prophet. Around the walls razed and rebuilt from time to timte, the great religions of the world have surged and struggled for possession of the area; these walls have been drenched with blood, and the maimed bodies of defender and ag gressor have strewn the area. Even the Saracenic mosque now standing has changed tomasters repeatedly, being taken by the Crusaders ulder Godfrey of Bouillon inl the year o),,. Then the cross took the place of the crescent, until the expulsion of the Christians by Saladin. when once more the Moslem symtbol was planted. Now the Mnhatnedlns hohl the area and worship within the mosque built by the great ()Omar, or at the prayer places here and there within the sacred enclosure. It was not until recent years that Jew or ('hristian was permitted to enter this en closure, except on peril of death, so zeal otius were its Moslem keepers lest the sa credl space be profaned by those who, from their standpoint, are unbelievers. Strenu oils efforts were made for many years to obtain photographs or drawings of the in terior of the mosque. Only by strategy an,. hIribery, and even then at great risk, could any person other thant a Mlolhamnle dait enter. It is this sacred enclosure, with its grand Imosque and other interesting structures, that is being reproduced at St. louis. Dur ing the E:xposition the temple area will be given over to the Mohamtmedans, the gen eral visitor of course being admitted. Ilere the followers of Mohanmmed from, Jeru salem will carry on their forms of wor ship. Amolng the wonderful things to lie shown in this transplanted temple area are the tomb of I)avid, the great king of Judea, and the throne of King Solomon, his son and the builder of the temple. -' The mosque is octagonal in form, each side measuring 67 feet. Various colored marbles form the lower portion of the wall are arranged in intricate and beautiful patterns. Fifty-six pointed windows of ;magnificent stained glass piece the upper portion. The great dome is covered with lead, surmounted by a tall gilt crescent. Underneath the dome is a remarkable limestone rock of irregular shape, which is believed to be the natural surface of the rock of Mount Moriah, upon which the immense platform supporting the untosque and the temple area is built. An iron railing surrounds this sacred stone, to protect it from the touch of pilgrims. At one corner of the rock is an exca vated chamber, which, according to Mo hammedan tradition, was successively the praying place of Abraham, David, Solo mon and Jesus. In the "New Jerusalem" at St. Louis the Golden Gate will be restored. This famous gateway, the exact location of whieh has been lost for ages, was used in Solomon's time and for centuries there after as an entrance to the temple area from outside the city. The Golden Gate will form the mid-northern entrance to Jerusalem. St. Stephen's gate is at the northwest corner of the wall. It was near this entrance to the Holy City where the ston ing of Stephen took place. The gate leads into the Via Dolorosa, mentioned before. It leads also to the innergate of St. Stephen, through which. at the ex position, the visitor will pass into a hall in which a diorama of the Mount of Olives will show memorable scenes in the life of Christ, the Garden of Geth somane and otlher localities of sacred in terest icing shown. In the several acres of land lying be tween the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the temple area there is rapidly building a great array of smaller houses, exact copies of the buildings that occupy the corresponding streets in Jerusalem. When completed about 300 of these houses will appear, more than a dozen streets being completely reproduced. W I TM _PL3P AR. 4 SHtOWING MOSQUE OF 0 MAR. Among these thoroughfares are the Moorish street, Chemists' street, Copper smiths' street, Silversmiths' street, Jewish street and others. The name of each thoroughfare affords an idea as to its character. In Jerusalem the workers in one occupation pre-empt a whole street; that is to say, all the coppersmiths have their shops on one street, all the chemists on another, and so on. In these streets, which are very nar row, the WVorld's Fair visitor will find native artisans and tradesmen of Jcru salem plying their vocations. The sil versmith will live above his shop, just as he does at home. It is not at all un likely that some of the natives who come to St. Louis will be privileged to occupy the very house that corresponds to their owlq. and in that case they will feel quite at home, for the "New Jerusalem" with World's Fair crowds in attendance will be very much like the old Jerusalem at Fastertide, when thousands of pilgrims throng its narrow streets. These streets themselves are calcu lated to astonish the occidental pil grim. HIardly any of them exceed ten feet in. width, and sonime are much nar rower. In the center is a ditch or trench for the passage of beasts of bur den. As the trenches are wide enough for only one beast at a time, it is quite probable that here, as in the real city of Palestine, there will be various fierce rivalries for the right of way between the owners or renters of camels and donkeys. Fifty camels from Jerusalem will be brought to the new city. A consider able number of donckys-the real Jeru salem sort-will belong to the necessa ry furnishings of the city, These ani mals will provide a source of amuse ment to the visitors and profit to the concessionaries. The pilgrim to Jerusa lem, tiring of walking through the nar row streets, may hire a donkey or a humpy camel and ride triumphantly be tween the rows of houses, his legs al most touching the walls on each side at some particularly narrow points along the way. Across the moat that bounds the cita del, Market square, is being laid out. This is a wide space leading off from the street of David. Here the inhabit ants of the "New Jerusalem" will buy and sell goods necessary for culinary uses. The picturesqueness of the mar ket place need not be pointed out. In the Ilohammedan quarter of the city a big Arabian cafe will be located, where the hungry pilgrim may dine in true oriental style. Across from Market square is a row of buildings more modern in pattern that most of the structures in the city, These are the Austrian postoffice, the United States consulate, and the Cook's tourist office, On the other side of the square, the outer gate of the citadel admits to a bridge spanning the moat, Climbing the inner terrace, one enters the citadel through a wide passage between the Tower of David and the Tower of Hippi cus, Within this citadel Herod erected his palace, building noble towers at three of the corners, to serve for defense and ornamentation. Josephus, the great his torian of antiquity, says that these tow ers excited the admiration of Titus, the conqueror, after the destruction of the rest of the city, and were left standing, partly as memorials of his conquest and partly as shelter and protection to the camp or garrison which he left behind upon his departure. Herod named these towers after his wife, whom he had put to death because of his jealousy; his brother Phasaelus and his friend Hippicus, The Tower of Hippious still stands. The towers named for Phasae ias and for Mariamne, the dead queen, have perished, though newer structures have arisen in their stead. One of theft called the Tower of David, is being re produced opposite the Tower of Hippf cus, and near the Jaffa gate also arises, in stone-like staff, the Tower of Phasae lus. At the remaining corner of the citadel is the Jewish synagogue, in which the Hebrew natives from the Holy City will worship during their sojourn at the World's Fair. Not far away, across a garden, is one of the most curiously In teresting features of the entire repro duction. This is the Jews' Wailing Wall. Here the Jews are wont to gather, against a wall which separates them from the temple area, and pray for the restora tion of the sacred enclosure. Until com paratively recent years the Mohamme dans refused to permit the Jews to ap proach even this near to the sacred en closure, but after much persuasion it was permitted the descendants of the builder of the temple to approach this wall and wail out their sorrow because of the loss of the sacred soil of Zion, and pray for its restoration to the Jews. Germany Growing. In 187o the German people barely ex ceeded 40,000,000; in 188s they had risen to nearly 47,000,000, and in spoo the cen sus gave 56,345,014. RUSSIA AND AUSTRIA TO CHOOSE AN ITALIAN Siasemonde May Command the Mace donian Reform Forces. BY ASSoc'IATrEI: I Il..S, Rome, Dec. 29.-'l'he Italia says General Sisselnonlde commander of the gendarmles, is likely to be chosen to organize and cotl miand the international gendarmes in Macedonia, under the Austro-Russian re form scheme. G;eneral Sissemonde is one of the best officers in the Italian service. lie is 68 years old. CABINET IS TO CONVENE fY ASSO('IAfTFt, I I'I.5. W\ashington. 1). C.. Dec. .).--A micetilig of the cabinet, the first helt during the holiday recess, has been called for Friday for the purpose of contsidering some de partmental matters which the president de sires to take up with his advisors. It is not unlikely that the Kishineff situation may be considered although no information is obtainable at the \\'hite house which indicates that the question is to be considered at the meeting. RAILWAY ELECTIONS TODAY iBY ASS.OiIATiII p5E1: ,. New York, Dec. :q. .\ hmeeting oI lthe diree. irs of the Rock latmd railroad at wich L.. F, Lore, late president of the Italimore & (1i, will he elected presidehn, Illl tie held this aftcrnoon. Italtimore & i hlo tirectors will also meet today and, wi hile nio oftfh al statement ha- bcn madeI , it is under tood that First Vice I'r.id.ent M1urray will be elected president of that road. Another Victim of Wreck. Grand Rapids, Mich., Dec. 29.-Gerritt Motinan of Grand Rapids, died today fromnt injurics sustained in the l'ere Marquette wreck on Saturday night. Don't Attempt To Reason With your young lady friend if she loses the superb trip to the World's Pair partly through your lack of Interest In her can; didacy. The Inter Mountain, remember, will make this trip so enjoyable to the successful contestants that it will be rem membered for a life time. Some of the girls, perhaps your favorite, too, need the votes badly. Subscribe and pay for the paper; the votes are free. The daily one year and the 500;vote coupon for $7.50. Hurry, now. The contest is Drawing to a elose C. S. HEFFERLINS ,VYERY CLOSE CALL PARK COUNTY REPRESENTATIVE COMES NEAR TO DEATH WITH A RUNAWAY TEAM. GETS OFF WITH A SPRAIN On Load of Lumber When Horses Get Fractious and He Has to Jump For His Life. SPECIAL, tO TO T INrER i ) 'N'rAI.\ý. Livingston, Dec. 9a.-Representative C. S. Helfferlin had a narrow ec,ipe from. a serious injury last night. lie was ridting on a load of Iumber to the electric light plant, which Is being repaired, when the team ran away. In order to save himself, he jumped just as the wagon dashed across. a small bridge. The distance was greater than he estimated and he sprained his ankles so that he will be laid up for a week. JOHN M.'GLOVER IS WORK OF WRECKERS IIY AS.tO( 'I-EI) p ii' Cripple ('reek, Colo.. I)e:. -t1.-"---Ix-t' n grLssman John M. (;lover. 'i, ti..t as wo:n:ld ed in the arm and lafterward. pl:Cd in jail by the military yest'r.la:y. was I, ;lay re-leased by order of Co'.riel \'erl ,';.trg. Hlis woundi is not i seri1. i one. iI) lltes being broken. WAS ROBBED AND ASSAULTED Denver, Col,., Dec. uo.-- Ir,. S.i- n'our .arecki. assi tart cont;t phli! ci.1, wiho was atstnlted and robbhhed i hi, ol,,,e in the coulrthouse yesterday. .as s.elll. :.t improved tolay. althi-lg'i full co s.,ci 's nets had not re:urned,. 'li':e at - t physicians today Celxrers hIiap fir hi: rc covery. To Compete With Americans. IiV ASSOt IAVi:1) P1-I-iS. Stlawan. ()nt., I)ec. Ja, .,l'ral 'ro11,lts ntl Ir' l l amli l l iturers htate interti" ,l, t1r, ,ý,ln. i-ltr of finance in rlt.tt d t., ,t tei iýit ' lthe tariff which will enable them t- c,,i, it .ry the ri.on ad esteel orf Idilt fmllu t 1in uld Stales.i l t ilsy for tied stolh e \u ti ll arc -.il. ing steel hillets. ootl tail-s and otlr Agl hltts, in (Canada at 1 1icH "L. to :.; 1''r ce'n It 4 than exacted in the d "me-lic iltl' n : t. $100,000 Fire in Pittsburg. Pitue, Irg, Dec. 25.--'l'The ill t tory alrick warehouse of Ilau'w & Ke'. n, tried princlly for the illiolre storage oll fclit ure and household good, was lamex aged $6 o, 0o0 by fire today. Thomas Connelly Dead. BY ASSOCIATlD P1I'ISS. Dubuque, la., Dec. 2.-'Thomnas ('on nelly, the millionaire carriage mtanufactur crr died to day of apoplexy, aged 67 years.