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Although no direct allusion to the reopening of the copper mines of Montana was contained in the news given to the press last, Friday of the purchase of a controlling interest in the American Brass company by the Anaconda Copper Mining company, the ex pressions of men high in the affairs of the latter company in this state are such that there is a general confidence that it actually means an early resumption of copper mining on a scale of perman àncÿ BüBerîo unknown. Facts were made known in the press ac counts regarding the deal which makes it the most important and far reaching piece of news in the history of the state. The Ameri can Brass company is a concern of huge proportions, which in nor mal times uses more copper and zinc than the mines of Montana can produce. The owners of the greatest copper mines in Mon tana by the purchase of this vast concern have created a market for their product apparently for all time. It is a big thing, one that could only be done by big men in a big way, and with big capital behind them. It is one of the ac complishments of a "soulless" corporation, composed of men with souls and a conscientious sense of responsibility. It is not to say that the motives actuating the promoters of this big deal are alto gether humanitarian. They are looking to the interests of the corporation no doubt, but to one who has watched the trend of qf BELT VALLEY TIMES J. B. L)«imiior«, Manager $2 a Y ear ia Advance Amené» Free» Amo . Foreign Ad.tni.in« Reiw*««u«iv« isatared in the Poetottec ac Belt. Moat., u Second CUn M«l Published Each Thursday by The Belt Valley Timea Company GOOD NEWS FOR MONTANA fairs in Butte it has another significance. For several months since the shutdown of the mines there, Butte has charity has been busy alleviating suffering and want. taken care of its own, but for every dollar raised in that city by its citizens, one dollar and a half was guaranteed by the mining cor porations. The citizens' fund was also swelled by more than lib eral contributions from non-resident officials and stockholders in the various mining corporations of that city. In consequence, al though thousands have been out of work for many months, there has been no suffering or actual want from that cause. ' The big corporation in Montana in past years has been the target for attacks that has exhausted the vindictive vocabulary of ranting demagogues. There are still publications edited by pea nut-brained blather-skites who pour out invective and abuse in an expiring wail against things as they are, while they vision the van ishing job of the professional labor leader as we have known him and tolerated him in past years. The people of Montana have a much clearer conception of the value of capital, when directed by men of human syspathy, than they ever had before, and it is a better thing all around, better for the people, better for capital and better for Montana. According to the annual report of the general land office, there is yet much government land open for entry in the Great Falls land district, which includes eleven counties or parts of coun ties, to put it exactly there are over 97,000 acres available to home steaders in this district.' To avoid any undue rush to the land of fice, it might be well to explain, however, that there are some dif ficulties ahead for one who has ambitions toward carving a home;,. out of the land that Unde Sam has to offer in this district. To those familiar with the conditions of land settlement in Montana, there is much of truth in the jest that has had currency ever since the homestead law came into being, which described the home steader as one who had the nerve to bet $16 against 160 acres of LOTS OF FREE LAND YET, BUT— land that he could make a liviug on it for five years. Uncle Sam has raised the ante and is even willing now to put up 640 acres. Naturally in a state which has had several booms in land set tlement during the last 40 or 50 years, the desirability of the land now remaining for homestead use is questionable. For the most part, in fact, practically all the land now open to settlement in this land district is suited for grazing purposes only. Eventually, no doubt, it will be acquired by private interests, but there will be no wild rush by the land hungry for anything in the shape of open land now remaining in this land district, in much of this land classified as grazing, in Montana pasturage will become a problem with the overcrowd ing of the range, and stockmen will be compelled to acquire acreage for summer pasture for their herds. The compliance with the law in grazing homesteads is not onerous, and entails few hardships, and anyone irt possession of their homestead rights can acquire title to 640 acres, which in a few years would bring an income that would pay good interest on the investment of time and effort in securing the title. The vacant land in the Great Falls land district does not in clude any, or at least very little, land with valuable timber, as near ly all timber land is included in the national forests, and is not sus ceptible to homestead or settlement. However, there ia value As the cattle increase a v HOLIDAY HAPPINESS In approaching the subject of a holiday editorial, it has just occurred to us to ask a question of the reader: Haven't we beerr kidding ourselves into the belief that America has been suffering from hard times? And then one more question: What consti tutes hard times? As a matter of absolute fact, during the past year there is not an authenticated instance of a single person in America dying of starvation, and so far as we know, there is not a single person in Montana suffering from real hunger. The fact is, there is plenty in America tq feed and clothe everybody, and furthermore, there appears a surplus sufficient to save the lives of millions in sections of the world where people really understand and know the literal meaning of the expression "hard times. Just a little thought, and you who happen to read this wiii un derstand and admit that our conception of hard times is a joke. In a country that has always fed its own and a large share of the rest of the world, a creditor nation, with resources illimitable, where the laborer of today is the capitalist of tomorrow, where opportunity knocks with sledgehammer blows, the cry of "hard times" is a silly phantasy that has no place In the minds of those who have given a thought to the realities of life as lived in less favored parts of the world. Holiday happiness is not altogether dependent upon the timental or religions exaltation with which we are taught to gard it. Material welfare is a usual necessity, and though to many at this holiday season in Montana the sense of concrete pros parity may be absent, we feel that the news published last week conveys a h«g>e for the immediate future of Montana that will •muse alt of us to forget for the time being the imaginary ills that we have been nursing. The certainty of a revival of Montana's chief industry ia a message that will make for the right kind of enjoyment of the coming holidays. It was the one thing needed to insure the holiday spirit, and it came at the opportune time. "Hard times r Forget it!. Merry Christmas! sen re TO VOTE ON CONSOLIDATION Every general election seems to bring a crop of referendum m e asu res, and (he general state election next fall will probably have its fuU quota for the electors to struggle with. One of the i first to be brought to the attention of citizens comes out of Butte and relates to the question of an amendment to the state constitu-1 ! tion permitting a change in the governments of counties and cities. ! I The amendment will provide the means by which city and county governments may consolidate under one head. As the provisions I for consolidation are not compulsory, the measure should and prob- i i ahlv will naaa aoiy wm pass. . .... I fora long time now, under certain conditions of political dom ination of populous centers over the rural districts, there has been a feeling among those who dwell in counties dominated politically by a city, that there is a great waste in the duplication of govern ment expense. For instance, the city of Butte, which for all prac tical purposes, is the county of Silver Bow, has been staggering for years under the weight of a dual government; in fact, is peril 0 usly near to bankruptcy in both branches of its official existence, an d it requires no great exhibition of common sense to realize the direct benefit accruing through a consolidation, There are other counties in Montana where a rural vote is practically valueless, and where consolidation would without ques tion solve a great many problems of finance that appear under present conditions almost unsurmountable. The cutting down of counties for the creation of new ones would become a voluntary proceeding, instead of a battle as at present, and compact economi cal government a possibility, at least, and eliminating very largely the clash of interests inseparable from the political domination of urban districts over the rural. The idea is at least worthy of care f u | study, as it has been tried out successfully in several states and found practical and economical. The taxpayers of Montana have awakened to the necessity of more economy in government. The several leagues and associa tions now organized in many counties appear to have had influence enough to promote a great many small savings in the various of- 4 fices of county and city governments, and this consolidation move ment looks to us like a matter where savings can be made on a scale of magnitude really worth while. A student of history announces that women ruled the world 2500 years before the birth of Christ. As a news item that is a dud. We discovered it years ago. The clock sets a good example for anyone to follow. It passes the time by keeping its hands busy, — Twenty Years floo Items Taken at Random From the Files of the Times of 1901 ■ < Miss Neillie Rice of Riceville will spend the holidays with Great Falls friends. Jos. Lavoie has established a saw mill near Barker and is working on a lumber contract. Irving Greenslit of Evans has gone to Butte, where he will work in the mines during the winter. | Chas. Stephens of Highwood has re ^™hhorhr?d of rhb.o!k V,8,t *" thc j Dave Ledbetter deputy sheriff, and j Hank Tegtmeier of Neihart were in 1 Belt the first of the week. Wm. T Ridgley has made apphea elaVm located on^ora creek. * ' eSerl | Sam Purdy and Will Heron, who arc i attending the Montana Wesleyan um- j ''ersity at Helena, are home for the j '"-There will be a big Christmas enter tainment at the Upper Highwood hall Christmas eve, with a big Christmas tree followed by a dance. Lew Clergy and Fred Chapin con 1,000 Stitches a Minute—If You Want 'am » a# f I 3 On a Wastam Electric Sawing Machina Usually Soli far nat lass fhai $60.00 Oatil December 24 Paly $ 35.00 I •X FREE DiMIms Era Only: WhMt a DaiveML" H Umfkt Until a <•* Pvrthatars: $M Royal mr Apax Vaesraun Gaaaar #19 Dnhwwl Percolator - - - 99 Universal Toaster - - - - • Paroslatar and Toaster far • • ■ 916 Universal Waffle Iren - - • 91969 Majestic Electric 91160 Unhrereal Radiant GrtU Pretty KEQULAK flQCS $ 6.78, 14 taly - 9.49 ..$4.45 A Until 4.99 Twfai I960 1969 Saclnt Plat « ' f Attakmat JQnti Falls Nmr . THESE ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES ARE DISPLAYED AND SOLD AT KIERSTEAD'S ELECTRIC SHOP AT PRICES GOV ERNING IN ÀROVE ADVERTISEMENT. CUSTOMERS ARE INVITED TO CALL AND PLACE THEIR ORDERS EAR}. Y IN THE MONTH IN ORDER THAT THE APPLIANCES MAY BE SHIPPED FROM GREAT FALLS IF NECESSARY TO ORDER ADDITIONAL STOCK 1 GREAT FALLS POWER COMPANY - v v J. A. KIBRSTEAD, Agent ducted "open house" to 20 or more quests all day Christmas at their bachelor quarters near the bridge. J. E. Epperson has returned from a trip to Havre. He expects to return there next month and enter the rail road shops to learn the machinist's j trade. Mr. and Mrs. Forrest Goodman en- J tertained a large number of their friends Saturday evening at the ranch above Armington. The severe storm prevented many others from attend ing. j Paul Marcure, one of the first pros-1 pectors of the Neihart district, was 1 !a * <t '. n to Great Falls this week fori medical treatment. Mr Marcure is ; -I**,,™"* J^e prospecting^ AUska during the past few years! The gtate wil] Dresent Christmasi »rifts of freedom to 13 prisoners in the 1 Mont f. r ' a Rt ? te I? enit * n t> ar y. accordin * Î." "^ t j l " n i . , - a ' " ï* oar 1 of paro]e the men f 0 n 0w i n p the^recom mend «tion of Warden Potter and the DISCOURAGING WEATHER TO TO LOOK FOR EMPLOYMENT state parole commissioner. . NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION Non-Coal Department of the Interior, U . S. i Und Office at '***• 10th > 1921 D Notice w hereby given tut Michael ! Jaly^lßth, Tais, Addition«" Homestead Entry, No. 060167 for SEKNWJ4, EttSWK, Section 32, i Township 17 north. Range 9 east, (Montana meridian, has filed notice of I intention to make three-year proof, to establish claim to the land above de- scribed, before w. S. Hawk, U. S. Commissioner, at Stanford, Mont., on nami^T^eSa Mat Salo of Geyser, Mont.; Tony Skites, Peter Skit«» and John Bodner, all of Rayneaford, Mont. (First Pub ™ mi^16^22) ~ — 2 --— PROFESSIONAL CARDS 4 - + Great Fall«, Moat. Dr. J. S. Stewart DENTIST PERMANENTLY LOCATED OVER STATE BANK Dr. J. W. Gravbeal * Dr. E. R. touts Physicians and Surgeons Dr. Chamberlain's Former Offices «# Horus: 10 to 12, 2 to 4 7 to 8 i _ . BELT, MONTANA LEO C.QRAYBILL « f I +• LAWYFB Belt. Mont. DR. A. M. MACAULEY Physician & Surgeon Offices 602 First Nat. Bank Bldg GREAT FALLS, MONT. Dr. Gaarga H. ChasF -DENTIST Ollier in Conrad Bank B.nidlug Montai, Great Pal *, i-t Gulden Insurance Agency GENERAL INSURA N C E Belt, Montana DR. HOSSBEIN OPTICIAN Sead Your Broken Glasses to me for Repairing The Mas who (triad* Veer Lease* While Vee Walt 37 Tod Block. Great Fails I CHAS. E. PETERSON UNDERTAKER I lr a *> — d hmMlmdr (or »ha State ol Mooum Canto er Street. •*- Belt« Moot*»-. L. A. NUTTING VETERINARY SURGEON Residence 1104 4th Ave. No. Phone 6380 GREAT FALLS, MONT. Marry H. McCole DRY GLEANER PHONE 9462 PARCEL POST ORDERS EXPECTED Montana Great Falls. Pure Fresh Milk —and— CREAM For Sale at all Times. RIVERSIDE DAIRY Mr», D. w. BURNETT, Prop. 'Phone 53, Belt, Mont.