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Belt Valley times. [volume] (Armington, Mont.) 1894-1977, May 13, 1926, Image 2

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Enormous Crowd Expected to View
Spe ct a cle at Historical
Battle Field
Announcement baa been made at the
national capitol at Washington that
one detachment of the Seventh cavalry,
comprising regimental headquarters,
headquarters troop, service troop,
mounted hand. 18 officers and 220
men, will he sent from Fort Bliss. Tex
as to the Crow Indian reservation
near Hardin, to participate, June 23. In
exercises commemorating the fiftieth
anniversary of the battle of the Little
Big Horn.
In the famous engagement. General
Custer and a command of 280 men of
the Seventh cavalry lost their lives.
The cavalrymen and some 8.000
Sioux. Cheyenne and Crow Indians
will participate In the ceremonies.
High government and state officials,
hundreds of veterans of the Indian
wars, including a score of fhe surviv
ors of the Seventh regiment of Cus
ter's time, motion picture celebrities
and authors, have signified their in
tention of attending the observance.
It Is estimated that fully 50.000 per
sons will gather In the great natural
ampltheater Just below Custer's hill
on the early afternoon of June 25 to
watch the opening ceremonies.
Livingston.—Visitor* from all . parts
of Montana are expected to participate
In the ceremonies here June 17 when
a monument to John M. Bozeman, who,
old timers of Montana say, ranked
with Bonneville and Jim Bridger
among the great pathmnkers of the
west.. Governor J. E. Erickson will
John M. Bozeman came to Montana
from Colorado In 1862, seeking gold.
In 1864 he led a train of new settlers
from Missouri Into Virginia City In a
neck and neck race with Bridger who
used another rente. The read and pass
which Bozeman used were afterward
•tamped with his name. Thé opening"
of this road was a large element In the
settlement of the country which later
became Park county, wltb Livingston
as the county seat.
Bozeman was killed hy renegade
Blackfoot Indians near the site of the
old Crow agency. His companion was
badly wounded but escaped after the
Indians left. A monument to Bozeman
stands on a cliff overlooking the coun
ty seat of Gallatin county which bears
hip name._
The monument at Livingston Is three
feet, 10 Inches sqnsre at Its hase and
10 feet, six inches In height The base
la of granite and rests npon a concrete
foundation. The upper structure Is of
white Italian marble and the Inscrip
tion In gold.
Building In State Active
The labor bureau of the state de
partment of agriculture at Helena, re
ports that industrial and labor con
ditions throughout the state show n
decided Improvement over last month.
Reports to the bureau list plans for
expansion of older business Institu
tions and for construction of hew
Buildings running Into hundreds of
thousands of dollars.
Including among the latter are new
theater buildings at Billings and Orest
F'slls, a $80,000 brick F* re In Butte, a
store building In Great Falls to cost
between $400,000 and $500,000, other
major projects In the same city total
ing abnnt $82,500; n brick business
block st Livingston; a $25.000 store
and apartment house and another $6,
000 building at Havre, where the Ken
nedy-Desconess hospital Is being
equipped for service; and a $20,000
business block In Helena.
High In Mineral Production
A report compiled by the division of
publicity of the department of agri
culture at Helena shows In the pro
duction of arsenic, manganese and
precious stones' Montana leads all
«hers In the field of minerals. In the
production of copper and sliver, the
«ate holds second rank In the nation.
Its production of sine "gives It fourth
place; lead, sixth place; and gold
seventh place. No other district In
the world can compete In aggregate
production over Ita entire operating
period, with the mines of Butte, In
copper and sliver. Thus far, the dis
trict has produced one-third of the
World's supply of copper and one-sixth
of its supply of «ne.
Work is progressing rapidly on the
Sew Congregational church being
erected at Ekalaka.
' Production of crude oil on tracts In
ths Cat Creek field near Wlnnett In
which the government has an Interest,
«staled 76,486 barrels In March, the
government receiving $12,481.24 for lu
share of the royalty.
New passenger cars listed daring the
month of April with the registrar of
motor vehicles at Deer Lodge, aggre
gated %GTB This was a considerable
registered daring the
whoa 2 . 11 *
Rspreasntativsa of Quaker Faith Vfait
Fralrle County Seat—Taka
Option on Land
Two clergymen of the Quaker faith,
one representing a colony from Penn
sylvania and one r ep r e sen ting a col
ony from Kanas«, were In Terry Just
the other day consulting with County
Agent Grover Lewis upon the advlfc
ability of establishing s Quaker colony
In eastern Montana. These men who
sre the sdvance guard of the colony,
have looked the ground over well, have
made careful and specific Inquiries as
to the adaptability of the soil for var
ious kktds of farming and have leased
the land or rather have taken an op
tion upon several thousand acres In
the vicinity of Brockway where they
will est«hll*h Ibelf village.
The easterners were very favorably
Impressed with the district of the state
they Inspected. The Quakers will en
gage exclusively In firming and dairy
ing. They are known as a thrifty, in
dustrious people.
Trasurt Stats TaUsirft
Poplar will hold Its second annual
rodeo July 2, 3 and 4.
The Christian Science church, fhe
edifice of the First Church of Christ,
Scientist, was dedicated at Lewlstown
May Z
The chamber of commerce of Lewis
town has taken over fhe matter of ar
ranging for the Lewlstown celebration
of July 4.
Glendive now has a dally paper, the
Evening Free Lance, launched May
8rd, under the direction of J. R. Wld
moter, pioneer Montana newspaper
man _
It Is reported that organisation
plans for the new Yellowstone Bank
at Laurel are progressing and that the
Institution will likely be opened about
j UI1P j
The narks Fork river In the Bridger
district Is to be prospected for flour
gold. Capitalists of Portland. Ore..
have organized a company for thU
' , ' . _ . .. , "
It Is expected that the 1026 state
KIwanIs convention to be held at An
ncondn Aug. 0 and 10 will be the larg
est gathering of the kind ever held In
,hp RfHte -
„ A barbecue to he under the direction
of Columbus fire department will he
one of the features of the State Fire
roen's convention at Big Timber July
20 27 and 28
* Figures compiled state division of
publicity show that Northern Pacific
railroad mileage In Montana has In
creased from 950 in 1893 to 2,415 at
the beginning of 1920,
Billing* will he host to Knights of
Columbus from all parts of Montan«,
May 23, 24 and Z5. when the Montana
«ate council of the order will assemble
in annual convention.
Indications are that no 1er. than 150
delegates will attend fhe 1920 conven
Xf ._
tion of the Montana Retail Dealers as
. ...
Falls June 14. 15 and 10._"L,
Out of appropriations of $50.000,000
. . ,
made by the present congress for 1m
prmement of rivers and Mon In
028 and 1027 Montana will apparent
g J™ Rart,C,p * te to the extent of
* mi.. . .
Miles City of Cnster county and
Bozeman of Oallntln «.only tied for
honors Jn the annual high school
scholarship contest held at the state
college at Bozeman. Each school had
points. •
From Dillon to Helena by canoe
over the historic river route of the
famous explorers, Lewis and Clark,
was the unusual experience of two Dil
lon business men. Ray Forester and
"Bud" Hartwig. The trip whs made
In about 48 hours.
Figures submitted by the United
States department of commerce show
that Montana's merchandise exports
during 1925 Increased by 40 per cent
over the previous year. Not alone did
the state jump its export values $3,
112.827 from $7.755.385 during 1925;
but It supplanted Maine and Del*-,
ware In fhe yearly export race of Urn
states of the union.
Tuesday and Wednesday last week
virtually all of Montana was drenched
In the first rain of the spring season,
the storm bringing great Joy to far 1
mers who were beginning to fear that
continued drouth would prevent satis
factory germination of seed. The
storm extended well Into Wyoming
and In the north country establishing
Its wide range. ^ ■ ,
To Clean Matting
To clean matting on which grease
or oil haa been spilled spread thickly
on the spot a paste of fuller's earth
and water. When this dries put a
paper over It ajnd let It stand tor a
few days. Then brush off with dry
fuller's earth and the stain will dis
The 1926 Montana State Fair will
be sponsored again this year by Lewis
and Clark tohtity.
Vn -u—i.
Red Lodge Lad Wine
FTank Helkkllla, of Red Lodge, won
the annual cross-country race at Mon
tana State college at Bozeman, leading
a. field of 200 contestants. His time
for the three-mile course was 16 min
utes. 11 seconds. Of the 200 who
started, 187 finished the course with
All tout seven ot the
atohed within the quallfy
28 minuta«.

c a
Copyright by Radio Broadcast, ipad
rtc. I
FIG. i
Navs Trap Will Cut Out Loud Locals—Ths Conductivity Couplo Form and
th# Inductively Coupled.
Due to the widespread Increase In
power of many of our broadcasting
italiens, the need for some sort of up
paratna capable of catting out strong
ly Interfering stations, la becoming felt
oiore and more. There Is not much
f 00 * n sitting through the program of
one particular station night after
n, « ht . especially when a better pro
f rum Is being offered by some other
_ itation which la drowned out by the
°f nre '' ° r more Powerful transmitter,
'Interfering signala," writes Howard
R Rh . odea ,n tha Rad, ° Broadcast
™ a * a * ,n f' •'sometimes are caused by
dried pickup by the colls of the set
80 ^ ,t V" tUr f | 1 «'«tlvlty Is of no
" aU *" *£"• Th,a £
w * e ° ** »■«»•«»« «Pf«**
Û 8tat '° n J
w,th the re8U,t that the field strength
In the vicinity Is great enough to In
duce brents directly In the various
colla of tbe recelv8r . Under theie
condlU(M> , lt wl „ ^ fonnd , We t0
bf , ar the program wltb y* gntaUM
. .. .
T h , e prac ' "«'hods to be
,n «»mating this type of intkr
fe . rence are f' ther Bh,e ' d!n * of
reiver or using some form of closed
. fie,d c ?"• "" C *! " * U •*
8 t0 ,. be 8h t e,dpd * '* ?
'he rover and the panel, with
thin copper. Any Jointe to the copper
*** ar ? Z T'
" e 5 t . , ® n V " * , between the
8h .'f ld .* d . hl th ? " ,nua A terminal
£° ünd Th'a puts the entlre shte'd
^ ^
fields; It should also be pointed out
... ... ... ,, ,
that this shielding will also eliminate
n ^
th y "7
causing trouble by setting up currents
dlrwtIy , n the ^ However. If the
lnterferenee , 8 reacblng the wt by way
of the antenna 8h , eldin y wl „
be no aid. The use of toroid rolls Is
coming Into very common use In in
wh#re tbere „ Qeed of an
ductor that u onaffected by uterna|
fl e j da> «
Why ToroW Coll I« Favored.
why the toroid type of roll Is recom
mended for use where ordinary colls
will cause broad tuning by their plok
ip qualities, 1* M| follows: Toroid
colls will, as 1« the case with other
colls, h^ve Induced In their turns cur
rents which ordinarily would nullify
the selective qualities of a receiver.
However, the voltages Induced In op
posite halves of the coil, oppose each
other, and the resultant effective pick
up voltage la zero. This nullifying
feature ie apparent In several other
types of rolls, but la probably more
so In the toroid. The article In Radio
Broadcast continues ea follows:
'There la a second type of Interfer
ing signal that cause« considerable
trouble, and against this type the two
cures so far descAed are useless. If
the signals being luduced In the an
tenna are sufficiently strong, it is pos
sible that a receiver may not have a
selectivity sharp enough to eliminate
them completely, although Its selec
tivity under ordinary conditions may
be perfectly satisfactory. For Instance,
the receiver might be operated at a
location quite cloee to a powerful
broadcasting station so that the signet
strength from this station In compar
ison with the strength of the «goals
that it la desired to receive from other
stations is so greet as to produce con
siderable interference, even though the
receiver is considerably detuned from
the interfering signal. It is apparent
then, that. In some way. this powerful
signal must be Impeded so as to de
crease Its strength. The most com
mon piece of apparatus for use In this
connection la the so-called wave trap
which Is actually a filter circuit tuned
to absorb the Interfering signala
These wave trap« are very easily con
structed, and cost little. They consist
merely of an ordinary coil and a con
denser. The traps are connected In
the antenna circuit and are adjusted
that, at the frequency of the inter
faring signal, they have a very high
impedance, the «met value depending
wall to connected in
•These are several methods by
which these traps might be operated
Fig. 1 shows the mo« common method
In the drawing L, O, constitutes the
trap circuit and L. C, the antenna
coupler and tuning condenser of th«
receiving set It will be seen that th«
trap Is connected between the antenna
post of the receiver and the antenna
lead-ln. Pig. 2 represents a slightly!
different method of connecting th«
trap In the circuit In this latter
method, the wave trap is Inductively
coupled to the antenna. This Indue
tlve coupling la obtained by winding «
few turns of wire about one end of the
coll L,. One end of this new winding
connecU to the antenna and the other
to the antenna port of the receiver,
This circuit Is practically equivalent
to that of Fig. 1 with the difference
that somewhat sharper tuning is ob
This high impedance prevents the Big
nal from passing down through the
primary of the antenna coupling and
so into the receiver. At the same
time, these wave traps offer a very low
impedance to all other frequencies.
Methods of Op«ration.
"Whether the trap circuit of Fig. I
or that of Fig. 2 la used, depends tc
a considerable extent upon the charac
teristlcs of the ant enna sy stem. A
well insulated antenna with a short
lead-tn and a short ground wire to a
good ground, such as the cold-water
mains, gives best results with the In
ductlvely coupled circuit Every effort
ahould be made to have as good a
ground and antenna as Is possible, but
If It la necessary to use a long ground
lead to a rather poor ground system,
the direct coupled wave trap will prob j
ably give better results.
"When using the latter method of
direct coupling, as illustrated In Fig. I
1 some small change In the tunlngof
the antenna condenser will be noticed,
whereas with Inductive coupling prac
tlcally no change In tuning takes place.
Thls reoresents a sllxht advantage ln I
favor of Inductive coupling since It
wl U° bepowlbl e t o^ron tin u e *t o use* the
win ne poMime io continue to use tne
same old dial readings aftar the trap
"If the trap Is poorly made," says j
only eliminate the interfering signais
but will also decrease the strength of
those signals we desire to receive. Tb«
most common cause of poor results
with wave traps is due to the use of
high resistance coils and low-grade
condensers. It is therefore essential
that the trap operate efficiently, and
In order to obtain such operation, it
is generally best to ose a fairly «mall
coll and a large condenser. With a
large coll the elimination Is usually
more complete hut the neutralised
band Is larger so that the trap inter
feres with reception on wave lengths
adjacent to that wave on which the
interfering station Is operating. Mort
satisfactory results are obtained when
low loss roils are used, such as space
wound solenoids, while a toroid may
be used in the inductively coupled cir
The ideal aerial ia one which la
away from all Interférence.
There la more static in defective
grid leaks than in all the heavens.
In making a loose coupler, both coils
are wound ia the same direction. -
A crystal can be tested by hooking
with a 22%-volt TT hat
tery and a miliiamraeter. The reeding
should be 1% or 2 milliampères or bet
It In seri
When the receiver Is located in the
suburbs or some distance away (Tom
the broadcasting station, a long aerial
upward to 000 feet can be used to ad
The average life of a vacuum tub*
U from 1,000 to 2,000 hours' constant
It is poor policy to experiment with
a ant that to balleved to bertn perfect
working order. One to apt to throw.
somethin* oat of adjustment, or even
«rttrriy red» mmy of the perta
»tarage batteries should be given s
qriak of distilled water occasionally.
Ranch News
(By John Dexter)
Busy in Glacier District
Fanning operations In the Cut Bank
•®etHm are being conducted on a larg
er scale than for several year*. About
13 tractors were purchased by farmers
In the community this spring. Trac
tors were much In use In the earlier
days, but went out of use during the
years of partial crop failures. They
have come back; better end more
economical tor all term purposes,
which seems to mean a revival of
fanning on a larger scale than for a
The Inspiration given a community
by one man's success is illustrated by
the revival of fanning on what is
known as the Marlas Slope, southeast
of Cut Bank. That section was invaded
by the grasshopper pest for three years
In succession and fanning was almost
abandoned. Law year Roscoe Fulton
put In a large acreage under careful
methods and raised a record-breaking
crop, for 1925 In that section, 28 bush
els to the acre of high gluten content
Planting« On IncrMse
More crops have gone Into the
ground In Montana this year than at
any time In the la« five accord
any time In the la« five years, accord
tog to Harry B. Henderson, manager
for the Denver Joint Stock Land bank,
an Institution that has $2.000,000 In
long time loans placed In this state.
Mr. Henderson has been in Montana
since early In March and since that
time he has had an opportunity to
by I «>ver virtually alt of Montana and to
DO 'e the extent of this year's crop. As
a n old-timer who has spent 42 years
,n th e Rocky mountain section, and Is
familiar with climatic conditions, Mr.
Henderson does not feel that It Is yet
time for farmers to feel ronoemed
over the present dry weather.
-««»» Ground Broken
Farming activities In the vicinity of
Browning. Glacier county, are Pvo
greasing rapidly. Every piece of
ground which was cultivated last year
Is being planted this year and much
new ground Is being broken. Several
of the farmers are putting In small
truck gardens, a new departure In
farming for the ranchers In this roun
j ty. Dairy stock Is more and more b»
ing depended upon. With all the new
stock shipped In, all the small traf t«
I of diversified farming under way, and
the start in poultry, this should be a
banner year for Glacier county's agrl
| culture,
I tlons for certification already received
J by the Montana Potato Improvement
Association, a 10 to 15 per cent in
j crease In certified seed potato pro
ductlon In Montana Is expected this
y<?ar More than 80,000 bushels of
certified seed was produced here last
j year, but much of this supply was sold
as table stock because of the high
market prices.
T^nty-Ove counties reporting to
nurtmmr nf .«rirnltiw» at
Helena ■ declare- that most of the
^ j and nD in
I 8priD * A™ 10 ** " epded a " d *• op ,n J
""""y 8pct,OD8 - I ° 8on,p loca,| tlo* far
rne " 7™ re8 ° r î ed *° d «*P ****** aa
Rn ald to g ern ,i na tion and In « few
farrner8 are holding off seed
,„g nnt |i tbe rains come. Rosebud
j county reports the appearance of cut
Increase Potato Acreage
From the large number of appllca
worms but no dnmsge.
Farmers In the Garfield county
country In the vicinity of Jordon, the
county seat, have planted heavily In
wheat, according to reports. It Is
said that the farming communities are
satisfied with conditions as to mois
ture up to the present time. An ex
cellent start has been made for con
planting which will also be on a large
scale throughout the territory.
Edward Dickey, head of the depart
ment of horticulture. State Agricul
tural college, reports that orchids In
the Bitter Root country are In full
bloom and present a wonderful sight.
He believe* there has never been a
time In the hlrtory of the Bitter Root
valley when conditions were as favor
able for a crop as at the present time.
Beaverhead county I« rapidly com
ing to the front in the seed pea In
dustry. ' The total amount planted this
year will exceed 5,000 acres. This will
be folly 2,000 «créa more than last
year. Soil and climatic conditions are
favorable for raising peas In the lo
Early seeding of spring wheat Is all
up and looking One In the vicinity of
Glasgow. The sugar beet plantings in
the Glasgow district are up and doing
well. Cultivation will commence at
once according to reports.
With limited early spring rainfall In
many parts of the «ate, a considerable
Increase ia the practice of planting
corn with a lister Is expected this
year. In many aestione soil moisture
Is comparatively abundant, while rain
great »oagh to af
fall has not
ford good growing conditio»« sear the
surface Therefore, the deep planting
made possible hy the list«- is of great
er advantage this year than In espenes
ot greeter spring rainfall. Of the 3**c
800 emu planted to corn ia the stete
last year, approximately 8 per ««at
ware dated. •
; Issue Bulletin On
Drainage Subject
Pumping devices may be need «ne
eewfnlly either to remora water from
•end. where there la an over supptv,
to apply |t where there la scarcity,
cording to H. K. Murdock, prof ««nor of
agricultural engineering at Montana
State College. In many cues, say»
Mr. Murdock, Irrigation and drainage
go hand In hand. Very frequently old
er Irrigation projects are confronted
With the water seepage problem In
which increasing areas of the lower
portions of the projects become water
logged and unfit for agricultural pur
P°aea. In many case« of this kind
pumps can be need to reclaim the land
and to make water available for fur
1 _ Irrigation,
In a recent bulletin. "The Capacity
of Irrigation and Drainage Wells,"
I Published by the Montana Experiment
8t,tlon - Mr. Murdock discusses the
types of pumps and wells
that ma J be ««*1 successfully to meet
condition«, methods of eon
| fraction and other Information of
va,D * t0 th * farmer with a water
pnnr P ln * problem. Tables are given
showing the operation of a number of
waRa I«!« 1 by Mr. Murdock in this
and other states.
Copies of the bulletin may be ob
tained without cost from the Montana
Experiment Station, Boseman.
Montana Cow Farmers
Another world's record may be
j re P° r ts to O. A. Norris, chief of the
dtvl8lon of the state department
In of apiculture at Helena, Pleasant
G rove Snowflake, a
owned by the J. F . Hofsfetler Holstein
j tann at Lewlstown, Is entitled to high
to record showing production of
P°"nds of milk and 613.022
P/ )nru 8 °* fRt, i Norrl * M - T *' ,B better
Is ( I"®" the world's record for subdivision
R - jnaBire class (three time milking),
I nfortumitely however, the record will
D °t be allowed because of delay In
sending the calving report to the Ad
f vanwd *** , I rt *r of the Holsteln-FHes
8 "777
. ' ?rreat da offtme will ron^
j 77^'
apR f* t0 p
" h "7 th w , "^7
77 7°^' Neverthale "' !t
1777 77 7'T « "*7® 8ach a Z 60 '
nlfi . ^ £ what J*
"Î*. ***{* ,n on f r . de '
• e °P ln * dalr y Industry hits Its stride.
Corn Growing Contest
Oert*!» atom of Richland county's
j and dry ,and farms will pro
duce $65 corn cultivators and $20 gold
pieces during the coming crop season.
These and other prizes with a value of
more than $500 will be offered to the
farmers growing the most matured
shelled corn per acre. The extension
service In Richland county Is sponsor
ing the corn growing contest and busi
ness men of the county and the Rich
land County Fair association are of
fering the prizes. The purpose of the
contest Is to create a new Interest In
corn and to encourage Increased acre
_ . ,
° ne Bcre n * ont bera Vermont this
I F*ar is to be planted with field corn
f^Tland lalS nrer
7?.. 17 land raHn m BIne crppk near
R ! ,,,n * fa '^^ at an altitude of 8,700 feet
where the average rain fall Is approx
J Imately 13 Inches. The corn will be
p i anted j n v ermont at nn altitude of
«m fwt ln a where XJi , ncbea
of rain falls annually. The experi
ment Is being conducted toy Mr. Cor
nell with the co-operation of James A.
McKee, agent fhr the Bennington coun
ty farm bureau, Bennington, Vt
Ranchers and farmers In the Mile*
j c ty ^strict report that the spring
sowing of wheat Is practically com
pleted and the fields are beginning to
show green. Mol«ure conditions are
said to be satisfactory, the ground
having retained much of the winter's
mol«nre, particularly In the south
country where the snowfall was
Gariy last week farmers of the ter
ritory surrounding Rapelje near Bil
lings gathered with citisens of the
town in mass meeting to Invoke divine
aid In securing rain. The Rev. M. J.
Holm, pa«or of the Lutheran church
at Rapelje, conducted a service of
prayer which lasted from 7:80 until
9 in thé evening. Business houses of
the city were closed during the prayer
meeting. The following morning at
T a. m.. began raining, continuing
steadily for nearly 38 boors.
Reports Ehssp Doing Well
Gunner Lende, well-known sheep
man of Ingomar, reports sheep In that
section are doing well and that lamb
ing hi coming along in good shape. He
claims that many of the sheepmen
were depending on rain to furnish a
«apply of water tor their iamtolng
camps. Many water boles ordinarily
used for watering purpose* at thl»
time of year are already dry.
May Contract Potatoes
To stabilise the production of certi
fied seed potatoes, potato growers of
northern Montana are attempting to
work out a system whereby seed steck
will be grown ander contract. In .this
way farme« wlll be assured of a a»r
ket sad a definite price at the start
of the growing «cass a , thus placing the
Industry on a more hnalaeas-like basis.
In a prellmloary surrey it was found
that growere «rf U carieads of potatoes
weald be willing to contract their seed
for two dollars a hundred pounds at

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