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BIG AREA IN WEST
SEVEN NATIONAL FORESTS DAM AGED TO GREAT EXTENT KANIKSÜ SUFFERS THE MOST Coeur d'Alene Closed to Tourists— OiacUr Bark Hotel In Path_ of Conflagration Flrea bqrnUig on sevèn national tor esta of district No. 1. during the past week or so, have covered an estimated territory of 64,000 acres, approximate ly 24,000 acres more than was esti mated to have been burned for the en tire 1925 season on the Same forests, according to figures compiled by for estry officials. Five thousand acrA are estimated to have Iteen burned up until July 10 of thl »year, making a total estimate, so far this year of ap proximately 70.000 acres. Splendid stands of virgin timber have fallen before the flumes In the Kanlkut, Pend Oreille, Coeur d'Alene and Black feet forests. A rough es t imate o f the acreage burned on seven national forests be tween July 10th to 20th is ns follows: Knnlksu, 22,000 acres; Pend Oreille, 13,000 Blackfeet, 10,000; Coeur d'Alene, «,000 ; Kootenai, Joe, 3,000 anil Clearwater, 3.000. On the Coeur d'Alene forest 4,000, 000 feet of white pine logs, scattered over 1,500 acres of timber hind be Cab 5.000; 8f. inet forest were burned. The entire Coeur d'Alene forest has been closed to camping without permit and the Irnberg to all entry. In Glacier national park fire In the vicinity of the Many Glacier bote threatened to destroy that an adjacent A hastily recruited force - structures, of 75 volunteers snrrps»fully fought the blaze with the aid of three power pumps ami saved the hotel. As an aid to the forest service at outlying points, KUOM, the university radio Station at Missoula, has reopened broadcasting fire and weather condi tions from the station on the campus. The dally fire report, as furnished by the. district No. 1 headquarter*, I» be ing read from the station every even ing. This will he the second year that the station has furnished the service to the fire fighters. Decide Against Claimant* After (me hour of deliberation a Jury In the district court at Butte brought to an end The three weeks legal battle for a share In the $47. 900,000 estate of the late Senator W. A. Hark by Effle Clark McWilliams, and A|tna B* Clark Hines, of Clark »dale, Mo„ and Addle L. Clark Miller of Den ver, by deciding against the claimants. The Jury found that there was no marriage between Senator Clark and Tahltha C. Kate Brooks, mother of the three claimants, thus they were not entitled to share In thp estate. The three women claim that Senator Chirk married their mother In Missouri In April 25, 1869 and that he Is their father. They decalred that he desert ed them and their mother In 1879 and came to Montana. State'* Oil Share Big ■Montana's oil production provided $3,430.510.33 for taxation purposes during 1925. This amount, determined by the state board of equalization, from reports of producing companies, as v the net proceeds In operations of several oil fields of the state, Is tax able In the enmities where the wells are located to the full extent of the county levy. The state's share at three and one-half mills, Included In the county's levy against the net pro ceeds of Its oil wells, will amount to $12,038. The board's records show that the total production for 1025 was 4,020,023.84 barrels, which was valued at $6,480,561.71, which deductible op erating costs reduced to almost $3, 500,000 for taxation purposes. Leases Are Cancelled Twenty-six hundred unit holders In the Go rd on Campb ell Kevin syndicate are restored to ownership of 10,000 acres of leasehold Interests In the northern Montana oil field by a decis ion of the Montana supreme court, af firming Judgment of the district court for Toole connty. The action was brought by trustees of the syndicate against Campbell, the Campbell Oil company, the Gordon Campbell Petrol eum company, and the Royal Canad ian Oil company. Forty to 50 carloads of onion sets is the predicted yield from 140 acres of land In the Orchard Homes district and Bitter Root valley this A snrvey which has Just been made of the district I* used for the basis and It Is said from 1,750.000 to 2,000, 000 pounds of the onion sets will be produced on the acreage. season. When farmers In the Chapel district began threshing their wheat they ex pected to get from eight to 10 bushels an acre, but the yield Is showing from 15 to 28 bushels to the acre. Fire at the Dlamond-Leuthold No. 2 well of the Record Petroleum company, Big Lake oil field neat; Billings, de stroyed the derrick and rig being used to carry the bole down 8,800 feet So intense were the flames fed by the great Jet of burning gas that the 84 foot derrick was burned within 10 atoutes after the start of the fins. Mile ns of STATE BOOT Dedicating Service* at Stanford Mark Termination of Bltteme** Among Half Dozen Citie* ; At the dedication of the new $100, 000 Judith Basin county court .house at Stanford six former hostile cities, Hobson, Moccasin, Windham, Stan ford. Geyser and Lewlsfown, pledged their friendship each for the other and united their forces for community building. Eaclj city formally burled its war hatchet before the largest crowd that ever assembled In the Jud ith Basin county capital. The event climaxed a county divis ion and county seat fight that will re main historic in Montana. In 1612 the western jtortlon of Fergus county sought to create a new political unit by drawing away from Fergus and In cluding several townships from Cas cade. Bitter opposition among Lewls torçn men met the overtures of the division!*!* and for seven years the struggle continued before the area now In Judith Basin county succeeded In forcing the Fergus county commis sioners to call an election at which the question of division could be de cided by popular vole. , The victory was finally won on an order of the Montana supreme court and when the people In the affected I territory cast their ballots there were I only a scattering few who voted to re- I main In the old county. If was claimed I to be the largest majority ever given I n measure referred to the people In a I Montana election. Normal Committee at Work The committee appointed by the state hoard of education to select the site for the new stale normal com posed of George H. Black, of Ellen burg, Wash., President Fisher of the Bellingham normal, Bellingham, Wash., and President Baker, of the State Normal school of Wisconsin, has al ready started to Investigate locations. Eight towns, Glendive. Miles City, Billings, Forsyth, llonndnp, Lewi* to wn, Glasgow and Wolf Point, will be visited by tWe committee. Again Division Point Glasgow Is again a division point on the Great Northern. Fourteen train crews of five men oaCh, with about 13 extra men, several clerks, oil tank tenders, yard men and others were af fected by the change, many of whom will make their homes In Glasgow. Passenger crews will work from Havre to Wllllston as at present, with the ex ception of engine crews, which will change at Glasgow Instead of Wolf Point. Freight crews will change at Glasgow. >:*>::♦:>: I le; I ♦ MONTANA BRIEFS ♦ Work Is progressing on the new zonollte plant at !.lbl»y, Nearly a quarter million dollars worth of new buildings are being con structed at Billings. According to the state department of publicity at Helena 600 new families have come Into Montana this year. Bids for the completion of Gibson dam at Beaver creek, on Sun river will be opened at Fairfield on August *31. Bozeman Is planning to entertain 20,000 visitors «luring the Montana Shrine ceremonial there Aug. 6 and 7. (Mtlzens «>f Glendive will soon be provlde«! with natural gas from the Cabin Creek field, 40 miles east of the etty .--—- „ Work of reconstructing the village of Elllston, near Helena, which was IP nearly wiped, out .by Are, I«. progress 1 | Montana's Labor Review, n 42-page I bulletin, Is now ready for distribution by the publicity department of the | Oil on the streets of Libby has prov- I en so satisfactory that the city coun ell has decided to purchase another | Fire completely destroyed the news- [ paper plant of the Sweetgrass Sun hurst Sun and a residence adjoining | the printing office at Sweetgraaa. -1 The establishing of Glasgow as a Ing rapidly. state government at Helena. carload of oil for the purpose. division point on the Great Northern will result In the removal of about 25 families from Wolf Point, It Is said. C. II. Coleman, manager of the Jud ith Gap cream station, reports that a large amount of cream Is being mar keted by fanners In Judith Gap terri tory at present. Work has started on the Hill «'onnty end of the Havre-Medlcine Hat high way. The highway will lead from Havre to Medicine- Hat, connecting with the Important Canadian east and west highway there. Utilization hf Montana petroleum ns locomotive fuel has "Indefinitely de layed" plans for the electrification of the Great Northern railroad through the Rocky mountains, Ralph Bndd, president of the road declared at Great Falls. Preparations to ask the Untied State* supreme court to review the de cision of the supreme court holding the 1624 gasoline tax law Invalid are being made by the attorney general's office at Helena. Wolf Point cltlaens, acting through the city council threw Wolf Point's hst in the ring ss a candidate for the eastern Montana normal school, A certified check for $2,500 has been mailed to the state board of education •t Helena with the formal application for the school. - Montana Ranch News I S - jooooowaa: PLANTINGS IN MONTANA THIS YEAR FAR IN LEAD OF 1928 According: to a summary Issued by the federal and state crop bureau at Helena preliminary estimate of acre age devoted tp 10 principal crop* In Montana this season I« placed at 6, 372,000 compared with 6.104,000 acre* December estimate for 1925 crops and 6 , 021,000 ucres, average for the Iasi five years. The report shows that all principal grain crops register a larger acreage compared with 1925. Compared with other years, herbage of all wheat placed this year at 3,537, 000 acres, approaching that of 1919. the high mark of 3,621,000 acres. In this total, winter wheat fall* well be low Its five-year average, the Increase coming In spring wheat. Coni acreage while declining further from the high mark reached In 1924, would have registered some Increase this year over Inst had weather con ditions at planting time enabled farm ers to carry om earlier intentions In all sections of the state. While there has probably been some slight. Increase In number of farms since 1924, the Increase In planting Is due to expansion of the average acre age of crops per farm. Eleven and a fourth pounds of wool from yearling ewes and 11 pounds from other ewes was the average for the Robinson & RIcder clip at Devon, which has been consigned to Adams A Lelnnd of Boston. Water users on the Lower Yellow stone Irrigation project paid $50,000 io the government as the first require ment under the iiew 5 per cent con tract entered into last spring as a re sult of some dissatisfaction with the old contract. Intentions of making another Canada inn tour the summer of 1927 were expressed by nearly all of the 300 I northeastern Montana farmers and I Legionnaires who took part In the three days' Journey through southern Saskatchewan. iWI does to 3,000,000 bushels, putting It In a neck-aml-neck race for first It Is estimated that 164,000 acres of wheat In Daniels' county this fall will honors with Sheridan county, which ' ,f)s a considerably larger acreage, The county average is expected to be 1^ bushels t<> the acre. The Pondera County Poultry Grow ers' association sold Its first carload of live poultry of the present season to flie Northern Creamery company of Great Falls where the jsiultry will he faf toned Then picked, packed, frozen and shipped to the creamery com pany's distributing houses on the Pa ciflc coast. During June Montana marketed al most a million pounds of butter on the San Francisco and Los Angeles mar kets, according to reports of market receipts compiled by the office of agri cultural economics of the Montana ex tension service af Bozeirtan. month's shipments of butter from Mon tana Included 422,000 pounds to Los Angeles. Old timers In northeastern Montana —and that means farmers who have The lived In the district 15 years—claim there has'never been a total crop fail ure, though there have been times when the yields were low. Adoption of proper summer tillage methods add 0( , to the gom j rainfall that the area receives, Is given ns the reason for the satisfactory status of the wheat bnsl ness. Montons Is concerned again this vonr w)th t j, e problem of low cost harvesting and threshing. From a survey throughout the state, It Is shown that hundreds o*farmers are adopting metliods outlined In the bul letin "Low Co«t Wheat Harvesting", which was Issued by the Extension Service Inst year. This bulletin, by M. L. Wilson, 1s a report of the meth ods used by farmers throughout the northwest In an attempt to materially lower their harvesting and threshing costs. The Hurt header barge, one of the Implements described Ifl thts bul letin, has been built In many localities I of the state and Is reported as giving most satisfactory, results? As a control measure dn the prices of wheat to the fanner, Thomas D. Campbell, Hardin wheat king, has worked out a practical Idea that adds thousands of dollars to the price he get* for his wheat. At each camp, he' ha* set up a string of sheet steel bln* Into which the day's threshing la dumped as fast as It comes from the combines by means of portable elevat ors. It can then be hauled to the ship ping station at night or held until the market rises If the day's market does not suit. The same Idea can be ap plied to corn harvest In the corn belt, the sheet steel crlha being ventilated so that the new corn dries out while being protected from rats, birds and fire. Rams from the best breeding flocks in Montana will be consigned to- Miles City for tbs ram sale that will taks place on September 2. during the sec ond day of the Eastern Montana fair, according to reports. The listing will include Rambouillet. Hampshire and crossbred rams, all from Montana flocks. For the convenience of ail cl as ses of purchasers it Is announced that the hlgh-clees stud rams will be sold singly, sod that the regletered and purebred range and flock rams will be sold In pens of five. 1A RL ID and 26 Usad. FATTEN BROILERS FOR MARKETING For the most part, farmers and poultry raiser* who keep Leghorn chickens pay most attention to the production of egga. They think of eggs as the chief end of poultry keep ing.* My experience has been that by paying a little more attention to the fatteniiig and marketing of Leghorns, the Income from this source can be considerably Increased, tfaya a writer In the Successful Farming. Especially Is this true when marketing broilers. Leghorn broilers fatten easily when confined and force fed for about two weeks. They will consume about two pounds of feed daring this time and should show a gain In weight of one half to three-fourths of a pound. There are two methods which I have employed In fattening broilers. These are pen and crate fattening. The simplest and most logical method for farm conditions I have found Is pen fattening. - Following this method, the birds are confined In small pens when about one and one-half pounds ',n weight and are fed thb following mash : 25 pounds cornmeal, 15 pounds middlings, 8 |M>unds meat scraps, and one-half-ponnd salt This I* fed as a wet mash by adding sour milk, buttermilk, or skim milk. Three times a day and are permitted The birds are fed this maSh to eat for half an hour at a time, when the uneaten portion la removed. It Is Important that the Intervals between the feedings should be as nearly equal as possible. The object of feeding this wet mash Is to get the birds to eat large amounts of food so they will make maximum gains In the shortest time. Corn me a l and milk In any form should be the foundation of any good fattening mash. It should also be re membered that when milk Is used In fattening fowls, not a too large amount of meat scraps should be used. One reason for the wide spread In prices paid for Leghorn broilers and those of the heavier breeds Is b ecause the Leghorn, being more ac tive, will not take on flesh as readily ns the heavier breeds when on free range. Roosters Can Be Sold Now, Says J. H. McAdams Now that the Incubation period Is over there Is no further need for roost ers In the flock and all but one or two of the best male birds can be sold, advises J. H. McAdams, extension poultryman at the Kansas State Agri cultural college. Every flock owner knows, according to McAdams, that the male bird Is unnecessary so far as the production of market eggs is concerned. Male birds now represent Just so ninny extra mouths to feed, he says. comes largely from the price consid eration, according to McAdams, who says that when these birds were pur chased last fall or early winter they were valued from $2 up to possibly $10 each. Today with old roosters commanding 10 cents a pound an ex ceptionally high price prevails, but as soon as the old roostetrs start moving to market the price will drop probably to about 10 cents a pound. "Even though old roosters were such a drug on the market that he could not sell them at all.no fanner could afford to keep them In his flock." McAdams warns. "To live, a rooster must eat and the feed bill on each individual one will be at least 10 cents a month, making a total cost of at least 80 cents to hold the old birds over until Feb ruary.'' Poultry Hints The results of chickens eating car rion or spoiled feed are Umberneck or indigestion. • • • Sgt eating is a vicious habit and the best method to combat It Is the slaughter of the offending Convenience for both hens and care taker should be considered—conveni ence ness means health. means cleanliness and cleanli • • • A laying hen Is about the only ex ample of a going concern that can alt still and yet produce dividends • « • The first quality that makes for success and profit In the poultry flocjk 4s vigor, vitality or constitution. Choose your own name for this quality. • • • A chicken that Is liberally fed does not. as a rule, exercise enough to run off flesh but only enough to keep in good general health and to have a good appetite. • • • Eggs will remain fertile up to ten days after the male has been re moved from the breeding pen. Given a chance, poultry will return good profit* on the Investment Clean liness is one of the best guarantees Poultry diseases spread principally in four ways; By the bird* dead diseased birds by contamln.ted air through drinking water, amt through the dropping» of diseased Wrds (In* YOUTHS IN TEENS FACE DEATH FOR • KILLING OFFICER Young Bandit » Stay Police man Who Caught Them With Stolen Car. Boston.—Death may be the price three boys not yet oûl of tbelr teens may have to pay for an amazing career of crime. The youths have been captured after a thrilling chase which finally uncovered their hiding place—a rooming bouse next door to a district police station. The boys are charged with murder. One of them has confessed that be killed g policeman who caught them with a stolen automobile. , The youths are Albert Deshon, Rob ert Sambrusky, and Stanley Tooth iker, all about seventeen years old. SSf W5 } r M V I ( ■ 4 T, / II A m Killed a Policeman. Deshon, apparently the leader of the gang, admitted killing the policeman and showed the authorities heaps of buried money and valuables the boys had hoarded. Wanted Easy Money. The lads admitted that they de sired easy money and wished to show their girl friends a good time with their booty and In stolen automobiles. Scores *f holdups and house burgla ries are credited to .them. All the boys are from families too poor to hire attorneys to defend them. So the city has appointed a special attorney to represent them when they are tried. The lads take their predicament lightly and boast that they will be able to escape exe cution. They say they had luck In their robberies and are sure It will hold now. Junked Motor Corn Help * to Tame Missouri River Pierre, S. D.—Junked motor cars are being put to a new use here— that of helping "tame" the Missouri river. The "Big Muddy" has a coy habit of tearing away large chunks of South Dakota farm land abutting the stream during the spring rises and carrying them downstream sometimes In 20-acre chunks. Piling logs, brush and debris along the bank has not availed to stop the channel's depre dations. But It has been discovered that the frames of Junked cars, piled one upon another wherever the channel is cut ting away the bank, settle so firmly and are so Impervious to the channel stream that they stop the cutting away of the bank. Several score of abandoned motor cars are serving more effectively than expensive piling. Girl, 14, Starts Oat to Convert New York New York,—A fourteen-year-old girl with an ambition to convert all New York to what she terms "old fashioned religion," has begun her campaign from the pulpit of Calvary Baptist church. Uldlne Mabelle Utley, born In Ok lahoma In 1912, who until two years ago occupied herself with dreams of motion picture stardom, recently de livered a two-hour plea for converts to Christianity from the pulpit usual ly filled by Dr. John Roach Straton, one of the most famous divines of the country. At the end of her sermon, she called upon the large congregation to pledge Itself anew to Christ, and virtually the entire crowd arose. Men and women prayed In the aisles of the ihurch, and the few who failed to irise at th'e young woman's plea were ixhorted again and again until only about six remained seated. - Burned to Death Chicago.—Mrs. Christina Snyder, seventy-seven years old, was burned to death In bed in her home when a kerosene lamp which she had left lighted upset and set fire to the bed ding. Out Again, In Again Picken*. R G —Am Patterson, par doped from a life prison term that he might go boose to die, la aenrtng a chain-gang senteur« 9*r a violation. GRASS NOT ALWAYS SUFFICIENT FEED Good pasture is always considered to be the most desirable ration for the dairy cow. Yet, in some cases, a heavy-producing cow may not be able to get enough food from grass alone. Pastures vary fit capacity. One man's pasture may be kuee deep to ric h And luxuriant forage, while another's may be little better than a dry lot It will depend greatly on the productive power of the pasture as to how much supplementary feed. If any, Is needed. According to the department of farm management at Washington, a cow producing three gallons of milk a day on pasture should get approximately three pounds of grain additional or its equivalent In good hay or green feed. A cow pro ducing four gallons of average milk should get about five pounds of grain, and for five gallons of milk of average quality, about eight pounds of grain. This Is Just a business proposition. If a pound of grain fed to a certain cow will produce an extra pound or two of milk and the milk pr oduced I» worth more than the grain. It will pay to feed that much grain. If the cow will not produce enough more milk to pay for the grain she either docs npt need It or is not capable of In creasing her production, obviously. It will pay better to feed extra grain when milk aud butter Is at a good price than when It brings a low" price. It must also be remembered that while extra feed may not Increase the milk flow of the cow Immediately, It may prevent her going down In milk later and may pay for Itself that way.— Chas. I. Bray, Associate Professor of Animal Husbandry, Colorado Agricul tural College. Sure Way of Obtaining a High Yield of Milk The sorest way of obtaining a high yield of milk from a cow is to have her In good flesh at calving time. If a plentiful supply of good feed I» given the cow, before calving, the ani mal will be in good condition, vigor ous and healthy. The material that builds up the calf must come from some source, and If It Is not supplied by liberal feeding, the cow will deny herself and use her own tissues and strength for producing her offspring. As a result when the calf Is dropped the Cow Is weak and the calf Is not as strong as It would have been If the mother had been on feed. The feed fed Is used for building up the partly destroyed tissues and supplying milk for the calf. Thus by supplying a liberal ration to the cow while carrying the unborn calf, a reserve of fats and other build ing materials Is ready for the purpose of unliking the calf, and the mother In not forced to use her own flesh and blood for this purpose. As a result, she will be more likely to drop a strong, vigorous calf, give her maxl mllk production and she and mum the calf will be better off with no more feed used In the long run. Practical Plan to Wean Young Calf Is Outlined When a calf Is to be weaned, after running with the cow for three or four months, shut the^ow up at night for a week or ten days, milk her every morning and let her run with Then, at the calf through the day. the end of ten days, after the calf has with the cow In the morning, say hour, and the cow eats a little run «me and gets a drink, shut her up and milk her in the evening. Then turn calf with cow for half an hour or so and shut up for the night, for a week or ten days, time the calf will conclude the cow Is about dry and will care little for her. Put the calf weaner on the calf and let the cow and calf run together as first. This doe* away with the cow and calf fretting for each other an d it » nmdi mom a greea b le Job for the one doing the work. Repeat this By this at Dairy Facts Use no dry, dusty food Just pre vious to milking. • • • The younger the scrub bull Is the better beef he makes. • • • The scrub sire Is a money loser from every standpoint. Oeara should be cooled In cold water Immediately after separating winter as well as In summer. In Success In the dairy business dc- • pends upon the cow and the man. If you are sure of yourself, then test the cows. ..... - • • • Raise calve* only from the- very best cows. Milking ability is Inherited and Inferior cow* can produce only tbelr kind. • • • Dairy cattle ahouid be kept to • stable, preferably without cellar or storage loft, and where no other ant Do not allow any strong flavored food, like garlic, cabbage, or turnips, to be eaten, except immediately after milking. Changes to toed should he crsdoallr.