OCR Interpretation

The Helena independent. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, February 23, 1889, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025308/1889-02-23/ed-1/seq-4/

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PresidentCleveland Signs the Bill^Admitting Four Territories^to the Union.
Membersof Both Political Parties at^Washington Pleased With the^President's Promptness.
Montana'sCunslltutluit s^ M Forth In sn^Atldrss- to the l^oplr ^^) ^ Cum^^in i Use la IKH4.
Wabhikoton.r^b. a.-The president^has approved the UK t^ admit aa states of^the union Waahiwfton. Montana, North^Dakota and .south Dakota.
Therewsi Kr**at satisfaction express^-d^on lK^th sides of the house to-day when It^became generally known the president had^signed the territorial hill. Shortly after^the house met aipeotal messenger from the^white house brought an autograph letter U^^the chairman of the committee on terri^^tories.
'Hon. W. M. Springer: My Dear Sir- I^sign*d the bill for the admission wf new^^tale* at eleven o'clock this morning.^Yours very truly,
Muntauas Cnuatltutlou.
Nowthat Montana is nesr rtatfIkhhI, the^constitution which was adopted in lHM.and^which the people will either ratify or re^^ject in May next, becomes a matter of im^^portance. Below we give the points of^that instrument, as set forth In an address^to the people of Montana by a committee^of the constitutional convention consisting^of J. K. Toole, J as. K.Calloway, W. V^IVmherton, W. Ii. Hunt and Walter^Cooper:
Thf(h-Icgat*li of the p ople of Mm ftaftl^tor^ of Mditsus, in convention assembled^to Irsnie a constitution for the future state,^bsving eospleu ^t their labors, present to^thi* electorh for their ratification the an^nexeri eooetitnttOBf to the most Important^features of which we invite your atten^tion.
-Viiiiare reminded of the many varied^matters which we have been obliged to^consider, and of the difficulties encountered^In tIk- Bfffparation of this constitution.^I poii MNM of its provisions a wide differ-^t uce of ottinlon prevailed at one time, but^earnest discussion and careful considera^^tion ultimately resulted In an almost unan^^imous adoption, there being but one dis^^senting voice on the final vote.
WhileIt may appear that some legists^tion has crept Into our work, yet It must^Ml tie forgotten that experience has dem^onstrated the fact that th** wide demsnds^of atate n quire certain, and. perhaps, man^^ifold restrictions upon legislative bodies,^and the only way to reach them is to pa^^body such restrictions In the constitution^itself.
DKC'I,A HATION OF i.h.H 1 -.
Thisarticle Is pregnant with salutary^declarations. It guarantees perfect free^dom and toleration, without discrimination^on account of religion, but sueh does not^extend to or include the practice of polyg^^amy. It was deemed prudent to leave no^room for misconstruction upon this relle of^barbarism. All felonies are required to be^prosecuted by indictment
Ourpresent grand jury system is re^tamed, with this wholesome modification,^i. e., it ah^ll consist of twelve men. nine of^whom may rind a ^true tun Jn some^states grand juries have proved an luefli^cient method of bringing guilty persons to^justice, snd they have tried the experiment^of abolishing them. The same right is re^herwrilothe legislature of atioli.slnng the^grand jury system, substituting another^method, If wife snd expedient so to do.^Two thirds of a Jury may render a verdict^In civil causes. Tills practice, although a^departure from the common law, has been^tried in several states with exeellent re^suits. This provision will prevent many^mistrials and hung juries and very mater^tally lessen the expense of the administra^^tion of justice, without any corresponding^disadvantages to litigants.
Ampleprovision Is made for the protec^^tion of private property, and, whenever^taken for public use, just compensation is^securtd b^ ret* rence to a jury, when re^^quired t^y the owner, and, until the same^shall have been paid to the owner or into^court, no authority exists to divert the pro^prietary rights of the owner. Whether the^use to be made of such property is public^or not, ii alwa^s a judicial queation, with^out regard to any legislative assertion con^^cerning the ssuie.
^statesenators are elected for four yeara,^representatives for t*o years, and such^provision* are made so that the senate Hhall^M changed luenuialiy. Short sessions have
(sfpffsjan incentive to greater industry,^lenre ttie limitation of forty days, in all^sepHionssave the first, which shall not exceed^sixty days. No special law can e\er In^passed, when a general one could be made^appllcahle,and appropriations todeuomlna^tional or sectarian institutions are prohlb^UmI Neither the faith of the state, or of^any court, can be pledged to contract or^pay any debt for railroad purposes, nor cai^any liability or obligation of any person, or^corporation, be extinguished, except by^payment into the proper treasury.
Thisdepartment of government is made^to consist of a governor, lieutenant gover^nor, secretary of state, state auditor, state^treasurer, attorney general and superin^tendeut of public Instruction, whose tenun^ot i Mice is two years. Moderate salaries,^scarcely commensurate with the duties and^responsibilities of the office, are provided^for. but the judgment of the convention^was that, for at least a number of years^the salaries fixed were adequate. All ap^polntments U^ office by the governor mu^t^be with the advice and consent of the sen^ate. in order to more effectually regulate^the subject of pardons, provision Is mad*^for a board, to oe known as the ^board of^pardons.^ consisting of the governor, sec^retary of state and attorney general, who^are vested with power to remit tines and^forfeitures, and to grant commutations and^pardons, after conviction, either absolutely^or upon such terms and conditions as they^may deem proper. To prevent imposition,^all hearings befort the board are required^to be in open session, after due publication^of the time and place of suc h session.^Provision is made for calling extraordinary^sessions of the legislature by the governor,^but when such a call is made, the purpose^of the session is required to be stated In^the proclamation of the governor, and no^other subject of legislation than that stated^In the call can be considered by the legisla^^ture.
**Thepresent Judicial system, with which^all the territories are inflicted. Is Inherent^ly and radically wrong aud uever did, nor^can it, adequately meet the demands of the^people; I nderour present arrangement,^the supreme court Is composed of three^judges, who are also the judges of the sev^^eral district courts. While sitting as a^suprt me court, the district judge who tried^a case in the court below is called^upon to review his own decision. The^msnlfest injustice of this is at mm^apparent It Is calculated to, and does he-^get a lack of confidence In judicial pro^^ceedings, and brings courts into contempt.^Honest judges and lawyers are alike em-^harassed in such a dilemma. The present^system is manifestly wrong again; by It the^people have no voice in sebctlng the^judges. They are sent to us from the far^off east, probably in deference to the tra^^ditional idea that it was from thence all of^the ^wise men^ came. Yielding much to^precedent in this respect, we cannot, how^^ever, at this late day willingly submit to^such a system. The character of our liti^^gation Is such that, however learned in law^our eastern judge may be, he will find him^self much ^ in harassed in his new field.^Under our state government a supreme^court is established which is independent^and separate, and sits twice in each year.^The judges bold their offices for six j ear-,^and are elected by the people. District^courts are provided with substantially the^same jurisdiction as they now have in our^territory. Hour disltrcts are provided, but^Che legislature has power to increase tbe^i.umi er Ut meet the necessities of the peo^^ple. County courts are substituted for the^present probate courts, with enlarged Juris^^diction. Juaticftof the peace are provided^f^r, and th* right to create police and mu^^nicipal courts vested In the legislature. All^Judges are required to have resided In the^state or territory at least two years prior to^their election. This we submit as a whole^^some provision. Moderate salaries have^been provided for Judicial officers, and yet^It Is generally conceded that the amounts^are sufficient to secure a high order of^talent. The salaries, however, which have^hten provided, are subject to legislative
control,except that they are not to be In^^creased or diminished during the term of^any officer All judicial officers, except^Justices of the peace, are prohibited^from receiving any compensation, except^by salary. Tne great abuses of the fee^system ought not to be permitted to gain^any foothold in a judiciary sysu-m, and the^legislature is properly denied the power to^change this.
mightor srrrBAOK.^In addition to the usual qualification of^age, a voter must either be a cltixen of the^United Mates or hsve declared bis Inten^^tion to become such not leas than four^months before he offers to vote. This four^mouths qualification is a Judicious safe^^guard against the pernicious system of^manufacturing citizens on election day.^The legislature Is also required to pass all^needful laws for the preservation of the^sanctity of the ballot Suffrage la likewise^extended to women, so far as relates to^school district elections, and women mi)^hold achool offices, provided the legislature^shall erne t laws to that effect
Kducational.reformatory, and penal In^^stitutions are amply provided for, as well^as those for the beuellt of the insane, blind,^deaf and mute. In order that tne seat of^goM-riiHieut may t^* permanently located,^proviaioii Is made tor submitting that ques^tion to the electors of the state at the next^n nerai i le^ Hon ensuing after the hrst ses^sum of tbe state legislature. The legisla^ture la prohibited from making any appro^^priation for capital hutMlngs or grounds,^until after the seat of government shall^hsve been permanently l^^cated, aud no ap^^propriation for such purnoae Is authorial^before Ike year 1V0U, unless the proposed^appropriations shall have been first sub^united to the electors of the slate and tbe^approval of a majority thereof obtained.^A fair distribution of nubile buildings la^secured by providing that no mpre than^one of such Buildings shall be located in^any one county.
*'Nostate constitution has made better^educatioual provision than th** one we pre^^sent for your candid consideration. The^experience of maukind has demonstrated^that the happiness, prosperity and nerman^am v of a country is measured by the Intel^ligence of its people. No surer or better^means for the dissemination of knowledge^among all rIasses of society has ever ksjefl^devised than the one here presented. This^constitution commits the statu fully aud^unequivocally to the perpetual malnt*^nance of public free schools; opens th^doors unconditionally to the admission of^all between the agesot five and twenty (me^yeara Three mouths achool is the mini^mum allowed in any'school district In the^state, Our magnificent dowry of school^lands is most carefully provided for, the^grand object being to secure the utmoat,^both for prlncinal and interest, with a full^guarantee by tfie state against loss or di^^version of any part thereof; but that liberal^endowment of public lands made to aid^our public s^-hooK and to which Montana^will fall heir at the death of our present^system of territorial government. Is yet^under the eontrol of the general govern^in. nt. and cannot be utilized to our benefit^until Montana puts on the habiliments of^statehood. It can In no way be utilized or^leased, or even protected for the benefit of^uur schools. A wise and economic use of^this grant will ensure incalculable benefits^to the sons and daughters of Montana, and^p^ ur a rich endowment into the school^fund; but In our present condition the lib^eral act that prov ided us such a legacy Is^practically a desd letter.
Nostronger guarantees could have been^devised than are contained in this con^stitutlon to prevent our schools of every^grade from falling Into the hands or under^the Influence.of any sect or creed, or polltl^cal party.
Itis fair to say, that no provision of the^constitution received more consideration^than the one relating to the subject of reve^uue and taxation, and especially that por^lion providing for certain exemptions; and^although considerable diversity of opinion^arose regarding It, vet it was apparent^from the beginning that a majority of the^convention favored the propoaed plan. It^was claimed by some that, under this pro^viaion, mines would be exempted from^taxation, or at least would not contribute^their just proportion to the revenue of the^state. Ity it the value of the surface lm^provements and other property, and the^net proceeds derived from op. rating^the mine, are proper subjects of taxation^the mine itself being aione exempt. It^was confidently asaerted and plausibly^maintained that there Is no method known^by which the actual value of a mine can be^as crlalncd; that no one can divine what^in s beyond the range of vision in the earth^that experience hasdemonstrated that I host^who pretend to be the beat qualified t^^judge the merits of a mine are often the^most mistaken, it was urged that the value^of most classes of property depends upon^conditions and circumstances which are^apparent and susceptible of estimation, and^practicably permanent in their character^while a mine is generally soon exhausted^of Its wealth, and becomes worthless, and^that the improvements thereon, which In^most cases have required a large outlay of^capital, are also tnquvnUy valueless. 1^was contended, with much force of argu^ment, that if it were attempted, for the^purpose of assessment, to fix a value on^^tees, many properties of a doubtful, and^perhaps, worthless character, would by^reason of the mistake or interested motive^of the asseaaor l^e required to pay tribuW^while others of greater value and less^notoriety would virtually escape taxation^whereby the svsbiu would give rise^inesfaitnabie contiicts, and result In in^justice to both the mine owner and state^The sjsteiu embodied in this constitution^is similar to that of Nevada and Colorsdt^where it is claimed every iniue that^worked yields its Just proportion ^^revenue to the county and state. Finally^It was maintained that the Industry o^mining, bazaftftoui as it Is, was worthy o^all reasonable encouragement; that this^liberal policy will attract to the state mil^^lions nt capital; will furnish employment^to a large part of its population; build up^towns and cities, and contribute Immensa-^I) to its wealth and prosperity. As before^suggested, the expediency and uollcy of^these exemptions are questioned by some,^but if found to be Inequitable, they may^be obliterated by an amendment to the con^^stitution.
Therate of taiatlon for state purposes^can tievercxcccd three (8| mills on the dol^^lar; aud whenever the taxable property^amounts to one hundred million dollars,^tfie rate cannot exceed two (2) mills on tbe^dollsr; and whenever the taxable property^amounts to three hundred million dollars,^the rate shall not thereafter exceed one (1)^mill on the dollar, unless a proposition to^to increase the rate, specifying the rate^proposed, is first submitted to aud approved^by a majority of the voters of the state.^This constitutional restriction secures an^inexpensive state government from the be^ginning.
Thisarticle commits the state,and every
county,city, town, township and school^district against lending the credit thereo',^directly or indirectly, to or In aid of any^person, company, oi corporation, for any^amount or for any purpose whatever.^Counties are also prohibited from contract^^ing any indebtedness, tor any purpose, be^^yond live per cent, of the value of their tax^^able property. A like provision Is made^concerning cities, towns, townships and^school districts, limiting their power to^'Teste any indebtedness beyond three per^cent of tlo ir valuation. The disposition^of all new states and the municipal subdi^^visions thereof. Is to go In debt. We be^^lieve that the future wil I vindicate the wis^^dom and propriety of these constitutional^prohibitions.
Amongother things in this constitution^which ought to commend it to the people of^this territory is tbe provision subjecting^railroad, transportation and express com^^panies to legislative control. The power^to regulate and control by law the rates of^charges for the transportation of^passengers and freight by such companies^as common carriers from one point to an^^other, within the state, Is expressly assert^ed, and unjust discrimination In charges^prohibited. All railroad, express, or other^transportation companies, in existence at^the time of the adoption of this constitu^^tion, are prevented from having tbe benefit^of any future legislation, until they shall^have filed with the secretary of state an^acceptance of the provisions of this consti^^tution, in binding form.
stringentprovisions are made against^railroad and other transportation companies
issuingor public officers receiving any free^pass over such roads. While these provi^^sions are in keeping srltb the later consti^^tutions, they were, when first considered^by the convention, deemed to be more^properly subjects for legislative action than^otherwise; a full discussion of the matter,^however, only served to show that an al^^most unanimous public sentiment was de^^manding that the constitution should speak^emphatically upon the subject. Yielding^to this sentiment, nothing was left for
thatIt will be adopted. Every Interest we^ave In common demands It, and we be^^lieve that all the citizens of Montana, with^ut political difference or divisions, will^now and here, and at all times aud places,^demand and unflinchingly maintain the In^berent and Inalienable right of self govern^^ment with almost peftect unanimity. As^citizens we pay our taxes, observe and obey^the laws, and loyally support and defend^the constitution of our country. It cannot^be said that, because we have ceased to be^ittzens of a state and are engaged inlay-^ng the foundation-of a future great com^nion wealth, tbe state of Montana, we have^lost any right that pertains to or is inher^^ent in a citizen of the United States of^America, Therefore as to our right and in^^terest In demanding statehood there are to^be considered two propositions:
First,that of population. That we^have now a sufficient number of bona fide^citizens to well and efficiently maintain a^state government will be satisfactorily^demonstrated at our next general etectlou,^hen this constitution will be submitted^for your suffrages.
Wehave within Montana all the ele^^ments of solid and enduring wealth: a cli^^mate, for health, vigor and real enjoy ment^unsurpassed on the face of the giUie; an^area of country nearly as large as the New^Kuglaud slates; mines which axe to-day^the most prolific in the world; our facili^^ties for raising live stock most cheaply, but^with great profit, are am qualed, and are^attracting the stockmen throughout the^states, our soil is rich and wonderfully^productive of all the necessaries aud many^of the luxuries of life; our school and mail^facilities are excellent; tens of thousands^of live stock are now being driven from the^states to Montana as a profitable enter^prise; manufactures are increasing; our^towns and cities are building; railroads^traverse the territory from different dlrec^Hons; the compensation for labor is liberal;^these and other considerations are now^conducing to bring settlers In great num^^bers, and capital, in large amounts, within^our territorial limits.
Secondly,but the chief consideration^is that of revenue.
Canwe maintain and pay for the In^^creased expenses of a state government^ithout lie-reased taxation '.' If this ques^^tion can be assuredly answered in tfie af^finnative. then we are assured no lutein^gent citizen of Montana will vote against^the proposed constitution.
ItIs perhaps unknown to many people^of the territory ot Montana thai a very^great proportion of property now In Mon^^tana is not taxable while we are In a terri^^torial condition, but will tie taxable at Its^Just and fair rate the day that Montana^shall become a state. .Section 2 of the^charter of the Northern Pacific railroad^company Is as follow: That the right of^way through the public lands lie and the^same is hereby granted to ssld Northern^Pacific railroad company. Its successors,^and assigns for the construction of a rail^^road and telegraph, as proposed, and the^right, power and authority is hereby given^to said corporation to take from the public^lands a Jacent to the line of said road ma^^terial of earth, atone, timber and so forth^for the construction thereof. Said way is^granted to said railroad to the exteut of^two hundred feet in widtli on each side of^said railroad, where it may pass through^the public domain, inc uding all necessary^ground for station buildings, work shops,^depots, machine shops, switches, side^tracks, turn-tables and water stations, and^the right of way shall be exempt from tax^ation within the territories of the l'ulted^Slates.'
Theconstruction given to the foregoing^provision of the act of congress granting^such charter to the railroad company by^the best lawyers in the country is, that the^right of way of two hundred feet on each^side, with necessary depot grounds, etc.,^was a grant, and that all buildings, and^fixtures of every kind thereon attached to^the realty, and Is exempt from taxation.^This question arose within a few months^after the railroad entered the limits of^Montana,in the case of the Northern Pacific^Railroad company against Willis W. Car-^land, treasurer of Custer county, which^was decided by the supreme court of the^territory, at the January term. 1HK4 In^that decision the supreme court, in effect,^decided that none of the property of the^Northern Pacific Kallroad company, Its^right of way, or anything attached thereto,^is taxable, or in other words, so long as we^maintain our territorial condition the only^property of the railroad company which is,^under its charter, taxable within Montana,^Is the handful of personal property which^may come to the knowledge of the assessor;^also station buildings.workshops, switches,^side tracks, turn tables, aud water stations^are exempt from taxation within the terri^^tory of Montaua,
Outingthe fiscal year IHH2 Sit, the In^^crease of taxable property In this territory^waa nearly eleven and one-hslf million dot^lara over the proceding year. That the In^^crease during the present year will be^greater than the last, we can safely assume^for reasons which are apparent to every in^^telligent voter. It Montana shall be ad^sallied into the union as a state at Die next^session of congress, by the time we can be^fully organized as a state, we will have of^taxable properly, at a just and fair valua^^tion, at least the sum of eighty million dol^^lars.
The increase of costs In maintaining a^state government, over and shove the tern^tonal system, will not for years exceed the^sutii of forty thousand dollars. The North^^ern Pacific railroad company receives the^protection of the laws, and equitably and^Fairly should hear Its lust and equal burden^of taxation with the taxpayers of Montana.^It Is the opinion of some of the ablest law^^yers of this territory, that, when Montana^becomes a state, the property of the North^^ern Pacific railroad (company can ami will^be taxed as the property of an Individual.^There are within Montana eight hundred^and twenty-two miles of that road, if^rated at five thousand dollars per mile, a^moderate value for taxation, and taxed at^the rate of one mill SSj the dollar for state^purposes, the Increase of revenue from that^source alone will pay Into our treasury a^sufficient sum to pay the difference be^^tween state and territorial governments.
Wepoint with pride to the tact that no^shadow of repudiation found its way into^our constitution. That important point is^well and securely guarded. Experience^has taught the people of the ln^ ted Mates^that capital and emigration seek a stable^and sate government If Montana were a^state to-day, the capital that would seek^Investment and the immigrants who would^seek homes in this our fsvored land of^Montana would be increased In an iru^mensc ratio. The considerations admonish^us to hasten the glad day when the full^fruition of all our hopes shall be realized.^At present we sustain the same relation to^the federal government that a ward does to^his guardian; we are subjected to the com^^plete control of congress: we hav e no voice^in the selection of the officers who are sent^to rule over us; we are not even permitted^to have them appointed from amongst our^people; we have no assurance that the^laws passed by our legislature will not be^annulled, as was once done in this terri^^tory. Such an utter dependence as this by^a great and populous territory has beeu^submissively oorne for years. Our matur^^ity and importance have the first opportu^nfty to asaert themselves, and the people of^Montana are permitted to take the first^step toward enlarging their liberties and^securing the blessings of statehood.
StockIn the Park mine Is being rapidly^taken up. Over ten thousand shares were^sold yesterday In a very short time at^Jackson's music store.
^Havingthus briefly called your atten^^tion to such portions of the constitution as^seemed to us the most Important, we sub^^mit the same to you with tbe earnest hope
PatrioticHelenaites Remember the^Father of His Country in^Many Ways.
TheNew Engender* Give a Recep^^tion to Their Many Friends and^are Ardently Patriotic.
taming Hub* or th. ;^ ll^ lists So. 1*1^Hop. mihI There ure Othvr Pleas^^ing Kv*oU.
Asidefrom the adjournment of the legis^^lature and the closing of schools, there was^nothing going on In the city to Indicate^that the KiA of February had arrived. In^fact, the only thing thought of was the ad^^mission of Montana Into the sisterhood of^states. When the iMiarhKDENT bulletin^announced by its special from Delegate^Tools that 1'resident Cleveland had signed^the bill, general good feeling prevailed and^all became Jubilant ^Here's to Grover^Cleveland, Washington's birthday and the^state of Montana.' was the salute at all^(juarter*- ' the clinking of glasses. Thus^It was th the masculine portion of Hel^^ena's population passed the day. The^evening waa pleasantly spent by a number^ut dances and receptions by clubs and so^cieties.
NswKnglauder* KveelT*.
Thereception given by the New Kngland^society at the A. Ok I W. hall was a pleas^ant affair, aud the guests heartily enjoyed^themselves. The affair was Informal, but^as no New Kngland meeting would be com^^plete without a chairman, J. W. Kinsley^^Maplcd the chair and called the people to^order, and after an hour or so spent iu so^^rts! converse ^America^ was suug by ail^^meat with a feeling which showed that^ms father ot his country was not forgotten^by them. Miaaes Tonn snd Kinsley played^a duett, and Mrs. Kea, who is an electitu n^IhI ot no mean ability, gsve two recitation*^which were highly appreciated. Hev KM)^Keletf reviewed ItvwCS1 ^Life of Wash^^ington.^ gathering whole l^oii^|uets of Mow^^ers from between UM paged, which were^distributed with a lavish hand to the de^^lighted audience.
Alunch consisting of sandwiches, cakes^and fruits, lemonade and cider was rel^^ished, after which more addreases were^made, .Judge McCounell responding in a^happy vein to an invitation to speak.^Hons Msntle and Moore excused them^selves in a neat manner when asked for ad^^dresses.
Thereception committee, consisting of^Messrs. C. Hedges. H K. Kisk, J. B. San-^or.l, a W. PlttS, K. I). Kelsey, 11. O Col-^inn and Misses Klla Knowl**s and M. I .^(irant, attended to the wants of the guests^lu a manner that left nothing to be desired.^Among those preneut were Judge and Mrs.^Me( onnell, Judge and Mrs. Hedge*, Kev.^K. U. aud Mrs. Kelaey, Mr. and Mrs. W.^M. liickford, I,, ii. Kea. s. ^ . Murray, Wil^^liam Thompson, J. Ii. Sanford, 11. Tonn,^0, W. I'M I*, Pro! Carlelon and wife, Prof.^l,ogari and Misses (irant, Tonn, Kinsley,^Quirk and Messrs McCuteheon, Mantle,^Moore, Kigle, Arnold, llolibrook, Kussell,^Harrisou, lieuuett.
Thel.ttat |SJSjSjSjBJS\
Thefinal dance to be given by the As^^sembly club before Kent took place last^night and was thoroughly enjoyed by all^participating. Among those present were^several visiting guests from Hutle, and it^was generally conceded to have been one^of the pleasantest dances given thin season.^Hanclng was carried on until the ^wee^sma' hours^ and the natal anniversary of^the only man ^who never told a lie^ was^royally celebrated, The next dsuce and^probably the laat given by the club this^year will be the (.t rmaii, which will takt^place after Easter.
r.o. a. or \. Bbjsjss*^The Helena camp of Patriotic Sons of^America gave a dance to their lady friends^at Assembly hall, which was largely at^tended. The various committees carefully^looked after the welfare of their guests^The music was inspiring and nimble feet^kept time to the enlivening atratus until a^late hour. At midnignt supper was had at^Scarff's restaurant.]
||J rorda wood for ltt.00 mt^worl'e.
Aftera Prisoner.^Sheriff Smith of Stutsman county, Da^^kota, called on Governor Leslie yesterday^with a requisition from Governor Church^of Dakota for Kdward Callahan, now un^^der arrest at GLendlve. Callahan escaped^from the Stutsman county Jail wmle await^^ing trial for burglary. Governor Leslie^examined the paper and finding them cor^rect made out the necessary order upon the^Glendive authorities and gave it to Sheriff^Smith, who left for Glendive. When he^secures possession of Callahan he will con^^tinue on his way to Dakota.
ClosedUntil May 1st.^Mr. Silverman, of the Montana Sampling^Works, Informs us that the works will not^resume operations before May 1, 1SHV, ow^^ing to mining Interests in Idaho and Wash^^ington territory requiring bis personal su^^pervision for the next sixty days. Thank^^ing the public for the liberal patronage ex^^tended to the Montana .sampling Works^during the past three years be hopes to^meet his old friends agaiu when he re^^sumes.
Onlyfifty thousand shares of Park min^^ing treasury stock to be sold, per order of^the trustees.
For36 Hours.^Try our Hodgson coSj; will keep fire for^M hours without fall.
tuoheydt noonapt.
M.Uumsbt, Agent.
Teethextracted without pain with the^electric vibrator at Drs. Stone A Head
Aftpeelal Train to I.vmv* Thin Morning- to^.Meet Tbe in.
Mr.W. McC. White, superintendent of^the Montana division of the Northern l'a^cltlc, arrived in his special car last evening.^He has arranged tor a special train of four^cars to meet the Dakota members at Galla^tin. The visitors number about thirty^members of the legislature, and about the^ssme number of friends accompany them.^The legislative joint committee of six and^as many of the Montana solons who may^choose, together with Mr. White, Col. San^^ders, Col. Stokes and M mbers of the press^will leave at 10 a. m. The Dakota train^Is two hours behind time, but barring^snowstorm will reach here on the schedule.
AnInvitation wasexteuded bv our solons^yesterday by telegraph to the Washington^territory legislature to join in the celebra^tion which will occur to night, but up to a^late hour no reply had been received
Hon.Win. Thompson of Stiver How, of^the reception committee, said that the Idea^of giving a banquet to night had been^abandoned, but some such entertainment^would probably be given before the visitors^returned. On Monday an excursion to^Great Kails will be the programme, when^It Is expected the Washington legislature^will be on hand to take part.
Adelegation of llutteites arrived last^night to join in the festivities and another^delegation will arrive to-day.
S.Orschel of Livingston is in the city
lion.Thos. C. Marshall came In from^Missoula last night
Cantlames II Mills Is In town, regis^^tered at the Grand Central.
J.M. IVttengill, Vacaville, Cel., Is^guest ^t the Grand Central.
A.J. Marchand, D. Dorais and (). Le-^Vilse, of Hutte, are In the capital.
Dr.C. K. Muaslgbrod, of Warm Springs^arrived yesterday, on mining matters
Hon.Tim Collins, ot Great Kails, and T^V. Cummings, of Kort Heuton, are In the^city.
lientonHatch, Geo. Kelger and James^Malloy, all of Livingston, are visiting^Helena.
L.It. Sutro, a prominent mining man^came In from his mines yeaterday and will^remain In Helena until spring.
Geo.W. irvln 11 is in town and celebra^ted last night in company with Col. Sand^era, (i. W. Dickinson, Judge Sanders and a^host of others.
KrankCorbett, of Butte, clerk of the^district court, came over last evening to^atteud the assembly hop. He leaves for^borne this morning.
sheriffLloyd came over from Butte yes^terday morning and returued with^prisoner arrested here by Mienlf Jefferis^The man was wanted for stealing.
CityClerk S. W. Graves and Assessor^Holland, of Butte, are among the west^side arrivals w ho are here to celebrate^Washington's birthday and admission.
W.V Mutton of Castle Is in the city. He^reports but little mining activity in that^section. About the onlv thing doing is the^sinking of a shaft on tne Cumberland^the White Sulphur Springs syndicate,^rush was recently made to Keti Lode}*
8ewerPipe and Sewer Work.
Partieswanting house connections made^to main sewer, and plumbing work of any^description, should have same done by ex^perlenced mechanics. All kinds of sewer^work and ssnitary plumbing done under^the supervision of a superintendent. Sewer^pipe sold in large and small quantities^liut of town work solicited. Sturrock 1^Krown, the leading plumbers and steam^Masts of Montana. Sewer contracting a^specialty.
Ifyou are in need of artificial teeth we^would advise you to go and examine the^beautiful celluloid sets^something new, at^Drs. Stone A Head.
T*ni|^rat^r* Yaatontay at Helatta and at^TitrUua Othar PulaU la thm Nvrtawast.^The temperature In Helena yeaterday, as^shown by It. S. Hals * Co.'s Tale College^observatory thermometer, was aa follows:^b am., 17 below; noon. 4 below; a p. m.,^10 below; 10 p. in , n below.
Dispatchesto the 1m.m-km.im laat^evening show the following conditions at^the points named at 4 o'clock:^Vh 11 Ipsburg^Clear, cold, 6 below.^\naconda^Clear, roi^jf x^ro.^liutte^Cloudy, north wind, 10 below.^Deer Lodge^Cloudy, north wind, 5 be^^low.
MarysvilleCloudy, calm, 16 below.^Great Kails^Cloudy, 16 below.^Kort Shaw-Cloudy, 16 below.^Kort Benton^Cloudy, calm, 8 below.^Kurt Asainniboine^Clear, 18 below.^Battle Creek, N. W. T.-^lear, calm, 26^below.
MilesCity-Clear, 12 below.
GlendiveCloudy. 16 below.
HillingsCloudy, H below.
Ito/eman Cloudy, 10 below.
tligTimber^Cloudy, I below.
Uissoula C.ear, 10 below.
Kismarck,Das., K-b 22.^Tbe weather^aat night aud to-day has been the most^utterly cold experienced this season. The^Stsndlnn Kock stage which should have^arrived last evening failed to show up at a^ate hour and grave fears are entertained^for its driver and nassenirera.
*i-it.tti Etruralua A i imp mink via lh^^I'rana/lvaul* Line*.
Arrangementshave been made whereby^the Pennsylvania Special, the Kullman^Vestibule train of the Pennsylvania Hues^that leaves Chicago at 10:30 a m. on Keb.^24 to March 3, inclusive, will have connec^^tion from llarrlsburg the next day, arriv^^ing at lialtltuore at 1:16 p. iuM Washington.^D. C, at 2:30 p. m.t and the train leaving^Chicago on Keb. jh, March land li. will^carry Pullman sleeping cars through from^Chicago to Washington. Fast line, train^No. 8, leaving Chicago at 8:16 p. m .^carries a Pullman hufTet sleeping car to^Washington, and on March 2 will be pro^^vided with extra Pullman sleeping cars.^Inaugural exeurslonists can also avail^themselves of tbe accommodations offered^by eastern express leaving Chicago at 8:16^p. m , and the Atlantic express leaving at^11:80 p.m. The managing officers of the^Pennsylvania Unea have perfected arrange^menu for the prompt and satisfactory^movement of every train. Through excur^^sion tickets to Washington via Chicago and^Pennsylvania lines can be procured from^any ticket agent in the west and northwest^Kull information regarding the Pennsyl^^vania service ran be obtained upon appli^^cation to c. W. Adams, assistant general^passenger agent, 06 Clark street, Chi^^cago, HI.
MayorAniea, of MUnn^ap^ll^, I'ronilMt to^be In Helena la a Nhnr- lime.
Hon.A. A. Ames, ex-mayor of Minne^^apolis, has Just Informed the manager of^the Montana Investment company that he^is prepared to come I Heleua to assist In^superintending the Aborn House drawing^March 30. Tickets are selling rapidly, and^it is doubtful If any will be unsold on that^date. No one should miss the present op^^portunity to secure a chance In tbls great^enterprise. Whole tickets $6; fifths $1.^Office Grand Central Hotel block.
Blakeley'sJoke Lost.
Representativelilakeley Is mad. He at^^tempted some humor the other day which^fell so far short of its object that he has^been the guy of his colleagues ever since.^A memorial to congress praying for state^^hood was under consideration and Mr.^lilakeley offered an amendment In aub-^stauce that the legislature of Montana pe^^tition congress to admit Montana to the^union of states and kingdom of Mi-sourl.
Theclerk read: ^aud kingdom of the^missionary.
Nota smile went around.
Afterwaiting until he saw that no one^had ^caught on/' Mr. lilakeley arose and^said:
ThatIsn't It. 1 never wrote mission^^ary. 1 wrote Missouri.^^Hut the joke was Inst
Amongthe social events of the week In^the city was a surprise party tendered^Miles Cavanaugh, at his resldence.on Rod^^ney street, Thursday evening, by his young^friends. Notwithstanding the inclemency^of the weather a large number gathered^and enjoyed the social programme, com^^prising music, dancing and entertaining^games, arranged for the occasion. About 2^o'clock the company departed, and will long^lemember with pleasure the occasion and^the hospitable manner in which tbey were^entertained.
Tryour lirlsbon lump cnal for fire places^Uauranteed to hold fire twenty-four hours.
Gilchristlinos. A Kdoah.
().W. Jackson, music dealer.
Dinnerfrom VZ to 6 at tbe Hon Ton.
JamesW. liarker, merchant tailor. No.^16 North Main street.
ei east via the Montana Central and^Manitoba railways, the new sleeping and^dining car route to St Paul and the east^Through trains leave Helena daily at 11:86^a. m. ________
NiwYork, Keh. 21. a dispatch to the^Associated Press from Hugh Dinsmore,the^American consul general at Seoul, the cap^^ital of Corea, says: ^A terrible famine^prevails in the southern portion of Corea.^The people are reduced to the last extremi^^ty, snd many are starving. Tbe need of^assistance is urgent and relief fuods should^be called.^ Any funds transmitted to^Dlnsmore will be promptly devoted to the^relief of the sufferers.
Hungto a Tree.^AKTEsia, Miss., Feb. 22.^D. H. Smith,^a negro from Forest City, Ark., who baa^been collecting negro workmen and ship^^ping them to Arkansas, was lynched by^being hung to the limb of a tree yesterday^At the coroner's investigation the evidence^so far Indicates the hanging was done by^two citizens of Oklabbeha county and one^from I .own.b a. men of standing in their^comiuuulties.
UlaAccounts sjjsj abort.
CiKc-bicvii.i.K,O., Feb. 22.^James M^Lane, connty treasurer of Pickaway^county, has disappesred and his bondsmen^have taken possession of tbe office. His^accouuts are $47,000 short, all taken since^September.
ItIs very Important, In this age of vast^material progress, that a remedy be pleas^lng to the taste and to the eye, easily taken^acceptable to the stomach and healthy in^Its nature and effects. Possessing these^qualities, .Syrup of Figs Is the one perfect^laxative and the most gentle diuretic^known.
LaFONTalNIAt Htvra Mile, Fab. 17, to taa^wife of Proaper LaPoataln*, a daughtar.
NA KBOIT RNK^To the w fa of Franco Narboaraa,
Feb.41, a daiigther.
bIKG IN-To the wife of^SSMMSV,
WB^rt(ea, Feb. ^, a
DU'KHAN-IaHeWna, Fwb tl, Caarlas Alfred^UlcSaaQ, agmt 13 jaara and S months^Tha funeral will t*k* plate from the Catholic^chart h 1Mb SJSSaflM at 9:$0, Frtaadeoftba fam^^ily are t r. ; to attend
AUUna* tad Qradss of Sort. Alto, Wood.^OFFICE .... GOLD BLOCK^Tstspaoas Ss.
Ta Ohsaseas an* beat Medium bv Which
Advertisement*will be inserted lu^this c-i^ininii for thosje denirinaT Help,^ttetekiuj^ ttitu^ttouM, having Horn*** or^Hi m hum for Kent, Heal Kstaite tor Sale,^or other announeerneuU, at the rate^of K1KTKKN CKHT8 per line per In^^sertion.
FINEpair of larga bloodad carriage huraee^. Inquire at Jacaaoa'a aaalc store
Forfient -Dwellings, Business Flaoes ,^tc
liViHKJCNT one furnished houee and one do^X* furnished houee, rear of K*lnl*/eator*- Jta*^4aire of Osborne, Jotlet street.
bMUlKKNT-Tbe Becsae; Kucb, In Missouri^VeJler, near Toaton, M. T. For farther^particular* onuaire of Mrs C. A Wiaan, s4u Fark^avenue eouth, iielena, at T.
ri'UHUNT-An s room boons ob Mleventh a-e-^X nue. Enquire at 4u3 J^miney street.
,iOUHKNT-Flva-room b ^use Inquire at^1 Miss Ne*if s, 1UClarkstree*.
v NJt W Are SSSSS ootnwe on^A tween bUta aad Eighth^to Wallace A Thornuurgb.
beattleetreal Ue-^avenuea. Auuljr
riooms-Furnished and Unfurnished.
UKNIHUEO rooms at Mrs Lsujbdeu s. Oer^1 hauser bioca.
LU'KNIhUKDrooiufor i^bl, 41 North Beanm^X1 avenue. Coave^ientW the MUae* ftegies^restaurant.
UOK KE.vr-Mcely furnished rojms, ^ , Ed^JJ wards street. W. C. I'ardslUao.
LiOU KKWT^Four rooms for houaefcreplag,^i1 corner Blak^ and tllusdale streets, ave min^^utes walk from postomue; hot sad cold water lu-^quire on preiuleve.
HEPACIFIC or Lanolr 11 ansa^fitsam heat,^elegant rooms; hu, 75, |1, sjUs $1.du BSS dajr.
ARVEVUOUBB, Orand strsst, new and^sleg^utly furnished rooms, single or la suits
KrtEEminers and one teamster. Helena Km^ulovmeut office, Herbert c handier, ,1.1
FlUbTCLAab woman cook. Must hars^good references. Audresa Mitche 1 si bnjr-
a1 Anetohd*.
U/ANTHU-Anoverseer, or chief advertiser,^** aad oas to three assist in ts (according to^alas of count/ and oopulaUon;. mm month sal^ar/ and expeuses 10 ovsiseers, and $Su to asaut-^anta. No peuaung. Mo soliciting. Duties con^^fined to msklns collections, uistrlbutln* orlnted^mailer, uutung up advertisements, etc., 01 Elec^^tric Uooda, Exosnses advaacsu; ssiaries paid^each month. Enclose four cents postage for full^specimen line of advertising mslUir to aLECTHO^OALVAN1U ^ 1 j^ I'slaie BuUdlug, Cincinnati, O.^Me attention ^aiU to postal cards.
WEwish to einuloy a rsUsble man in your^county. Mo experience required; psruie^nsnt position tor three years, balarr Increased^each year Ugbt, easy, genteel business. Money^advanceu for esisry, advertising, etc. Largest^msnulsctarers In our llns. Encioss S-c*at. Ao^uoetais. Ceutsnnlal Mfg. Co., Cincinnati, O.
Advsrilasmsntsundsr this head will bs In-^esrtsd thrs* timss free of charg*.
tSITUATIONby young man to do chores, wit 1^) time lor some atuuy. r*ay, board. Audress^1 O., this oOlcs.
IjOttllloNaahousekeeper In hotel or widow^^ers family by middle aged Miaow (Ameri^^can). Address Mrs. Ldxxle Logan, tlu bixlk^street south, Minneapolis, Mian.
ITUATION aa cook la private family. Flrat-^l ciass references. Address J. It , this office
WANTEDBy a good practical tinner with^fltteen ^saia experKnce In tin, ahset Iron,^steam and gaa ditlug, a situation with some good^11'in in Montana Address Edward Darling, nox^41, Mlnto, Dak.
b I a\i^^.^^ vl'llhU ana type writer, quick snd^) accurate accountant, wants situation, btst^ut references. Address H. A. L , this office.
APOSITIONIn an office by young man. Best^city references. Address F. o. Box 587,
t'Il UATIOM by first class cook: best est refer-^) eucea furniahed. Add.ess Mies A. J . in is^uffice.
tSITUATIONby single woman, to wash by the^) usy, or tske tkarge of sick person. Address^W. I . this ofljes.
IllAlioM as chambermaid. Address A. B.^3 C, this office.
tllTUATlOffto co k or keep boose for elderly^) coaple. Can nUe the beet of releiencea. Aa^dr*es L r , this office.
Lostand Found
IOHT^Lady's pockotbiok. Finder will please^1 leavs same at 1537 Hose avenue, and receive^reward.
.OBT-A black silk sash,^1 J street and opera noose,^to this office.
betweenSID Clark^Finder wul return
WANTED-Allto know that we have opened^an office In 1'hlllpsburg. Ueneral tnsur^sncs, real estate ar.d collections bmlth ss Bird.^Telephone 4w, 1'hillpkburg, Montana.
IJAKTIBKdesirous of Investing In a first class^hotel anu reataaraat enterprise wUl he) tar^^nished part cnlars concerning a rare opportunity^by addressing It. Lock Box 611, City.
/WILLreoslvs proposals until taa 4ret day ~of^I March, 1H0W, tor sinking a abaft oa the Big^Ox mine SUU feet, bhaf t to be 7i4 fast In the cieer^aad well Umbered. Bonds will be required for^compleUou of work. Inquire ot J. W, Carpsnter,^vice president Big Ox Mining company, Box KIT,^Heleua, Mont.
ONB Y TO LOAN on reasonable terms^^I no 8 M. NsUL Hooma 6 and 7 Ashby^block, Main street.
G\ U. tiPBNCKK, manufacturer and dealer In^I, lumber, lath and cordwood, office 46 and^as, Pacific hotel. Tslepbons m.
ANTEDClean, cotton rags, for wiping, at
JjnssrawDSOTpress room.
ADIE8'gold wasthes, SS0; stem winding sil^^ver watches, $i!S; ten-mile field glass, $10;^articles of every description bought and sold;^money loaned, at New York Loan Office, Interna-^Uonal Hotel Block
~~SPECIAL. NOXIOXd.^^vrua of Flga Otsanass the System.^Syrup of Flga Is Pleasant and effective.
UaaSyr jo of Figs for Oonstipstion
MorningStar Lodge, No. Dv * F^at A. M.
AA regular communication of the above^^r\^r named Lodgs will take place at Masonic^J^sm Temple, corner of Broadway and Jackson^' ~ ^ etreet, on the second and fourth batujday^e\enlnge at 7 o'clock-^All members are expected to be prompt In at^^tendance, and sojourning Brethren are cordially^Invited
This Week Only!
1lot Ladies Jersey Ribbed Vests, price^$2, now $1.25
1lot Oriental Lace, 4 yards for 25 cte.^20 dos. Gents' Joarton 4-button Kid
Gloves,price $2, now f 1.15.^50 pairs Beldins; Bros. Silk Hose, price
$3.50,now $2.20.^20 psr cent oft on all Jerseys in stock.^30 dor GenU' Merino Socks, S pair for
20per cent off on Knglish Dinner ware,
OnMonday and Tuesday
Wewill sell English Decorated Cham^^ber Sets for $335.
Callearly and get the bargains.
6North Main St.
ClearanceSale !
Willsell during the present month only all kinds of Winter
Men'sBoys' and Children's Wear
Ata Special Reduction of
Fromtheir former reductions. This is a bonalide offer and we^shall continue said slaughter for the month^of February only.
SaveMoney by Calling on
Cor.Main St. and Broadway.
Wsrun offer soma Irst class locations In tha
Thisis choice inside property and at the present list is the^CHEAPEST PROPERTY for sale in the city.
Floweree, Bradford, Brooke, Ames and Syndicate
ONTKE MOTOB LINE.^Plenty Water, axxcL No N-aisanoea.
Calkins^^ Featherlv,
Stationery,Legal Blanks Aiken ^ Lambert^Gold Pens. Blank Books and Memorandums, Pic^^ture Frames and Mouldings, Baby Carriages and^a General Assortment ot Notions,
Doesnot slack when exposed to the air as most all other^soft coal does. A large portion of this coal is similar to An^^thracite in character, ana does not fill the room with soot.
Askyour dealers for the Sand Coulee Coal or apply to
OfficeMontana Central Depot.
Helena,Montana.^WarehooM And Bottling Work's at the Montana Central Depot.^Office- Harruonla Hall.
ChildrenCry for Pitcher's Castoria.
OfAll (JradeS and Makes
AtRINGWALD'S, Op. Cosmopolitan Hotel, Main St.
TheHioneer ot the ^3reat West.
TheOldest Most Reliable. Leadln* Klrrt-claea Hotel In the Territory.
^Ur^ats ud P^rf^r^CssiB^Bs.t-.rr In h.-orld rW
PsJnU ths ftsrrk .dssr^^assBistlsui, W
*2f*2^ KassuBstlsta, Wmkmam
sTSnd P^rman^n^ 1/
amuthtlt firrrm
ss*.H*scured lhi^iiana*.

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