OCR Interpretation


The Helena independent. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, February 23, 1889, Image 4

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GROVERAGREES.
PresidentCleveland Signs the Bill^Admitting Four Territories^to the Union.
Membersof Both Political Parties at^Washington Pleased With the^President's Promptness.
Montana'sCunslltutluit s^ M Forth In sn^Atldrss- to the l^oplr ^^) ^ Cum^^in i Use la IKH4.
Wabhikoton.r^b. a.-The president^has approved the UK t^ admit aa states of^the union Waahiwfton. Montana, North^Dakota and .south Dakota.
Therewsi Kr**at satisfaction express^-d^on lK^th sides of the house to-day when It^became generally known the president had^signed the territorial hill. Shortly after^the house met aipeotal messenger from the^white house brought an autograph letter U^^the chairman of the committee on terri^^tories.
'Hon. W. M. Springer: My Dear Sir- I^sign*d the bill for the admission wf new^^tale* at eleven o'clock this morning.^Yours very truly,
GhovkkCi.evei.aki^.
Muntauas Cnuatltutlou.
Nowthat Montana is nesr rtatfIkhhI, the^constitution which was adopted in lHM.and^which the people will either ratify or re^^ject in May next, becomes a matter of im^^portance. Below we give the points of^that instrument, as set forth In an address^to the people of Montana by a committee^of the constitutional convention consisting^of J. K. Toole, J as. K.Calloway, W. V^IVmherton, W. Ii. Hunt and Walter^Cooper:
Thf(h-Icgat*li of the p ople of Mm ftaftl^tor^ of Mditsus, in convention assembled^to Irsnie a constitution for the future state,^bsving eospleu ^t their labors, present to^thi* electorh for their ratification the an^nexeri eooetitnttOBf to the most Important^features of which we invite your atten^tion.
-Viiiiare reminded of the many varied^matters which we have been obliged to^consider, and of the difficulties encountered^In tIk- Bfffparation of this constitution.^I poii MNM of its provisions a wide differ-^t uce of ottinlon prevailed at one time, but^earnest discussion and careful considera^^tion ultimately resulted In an almost unan^^imous adoption, there being but one dis^^senting voice on the final vote.
WhileIt may appear that some legists^tion has crept Into our work, yet It must^Ml tie forgotten that experience has dem^onstrated the fact that th** wide demsnds^of atate n quire certain, and. perhaps, man^^ifold restrictions upon legislative bodies,^and the only way to reach them is to pa^^body such restrictions In the constitution^itself.
DKC'I,A HATION OF i.h.H 1 -.
Thisarticle Is pregnant with salutary^declarations. It guarantees perfect free^dom and toleration, without discrimination^on account of religion, but sueh does not^extend to or include the practice of polyg^^amy. It was deemed prudent to leave no^room for misconstruction upon this relle of^barbarism. All felonies are required to be^prosecuted by indictment
Ourpresent grand jury system is re^tamed, with this wholesome modification,^i. e., it ah^ll consist of twelve men. nine of^whom may rind a ^true tun Jn some^states grand juries have proved an luefli^cient method of bringing guilty persons to^justice, snd they have tried the experiment^of abolishing them. The same right is re^herwrilothe legislature of atioli.slnng the^grand jury system, substituting another^method, If wife snd expedient so to do.^Two thirds of a Jury may render a verdict^In civil causes. Tills practice, although a^departure from the common law, has been^tried in several states with exeellent re^suits. This provision will prevent many^mistrials and hung juries and very mater^tally lessen the expense of the administra^^tion of justice, without any corresponding^disadvantages to litigants.
Ampleprovision Is made for the protec^^tion of private property, and, whenever^taken for public use, just compensation is^securtd b^ ret* rence to a jury, when re^^quired t^y the owner, and, until the same^shall have been paid to the owner or into^court, no authority exists to divert the pro^prietary rights of the owner. Whether the^use to be made of such property is public^or not, ii alwa^s a judicial queation, with^out regard to any legislative assertion con^^cerning the ssuie.
LMSJLATtTflIiKl'AHTMKNT.
^statesenators are elected for four yeara,^representatives for t*o years, and such^provision* are made so that the senate Hhall^M changed luenuialiy. Short sessions have
(sfpffsjan incentive to greater industry,^lenre ttie limitation of forty days, in all^sepHionssave the first, which shall not exceed^sixty days. No special law can e\er In^passed, when a general one could be made^appllcahle,and appropriations todeuomlna^tional or sectarian institutions are prohlb^UmI Neither the faith of the state, or of^any court, can be pledged to contract or^pay any debt for railroad purposes, nor cai^any liability or obligation of any person, or^corporation, be extinguished, except by^payment into the proper treasury.
KXKCVTIVE1^KI*A HTMKNT.
Thisdepartment of government is made^to consist of a governor, lieutenant gover^nor, secretary of state, state auditor, state^treasurer, attorney general and superin^tendeut of public Instruction, whose tenun^ot i Mice is two years. Moderate salaries,^scarcely commensurate with the duties and^responsibilities of the office, are provided^for. but the judgment of the convention^was that, for at least a number of years^the salaries fixed were adequate. All ap^polntments U^ office by the governor mu^t^be with the advice and consent of the sen^ate. in order to more effectually regulate^the subject of pardons, provision Is mad*^for a board, to oe known as the ^board of^pardons.^ consisting of the governor, sec^retary of state and attorney general, who^are vested with power to remit tines and^forfeitures, and to grant commutations and^pardons, after conviction, either absolutely^or upon such terms and conditions as they^may deem proper. To prevent imposition,^all hearings befort the board are required^to be in open session, after due publication^of the time and place of suc h session.^Provision is made for calling extraordinary^sessions of the legislature by the governor,^but when such a call is made, the purpose^of the session is required to be stated In^the proclamation of the governor, and no^other subject of legislation than that stated^In the call can be considered by the legisla^^ture.
.Il'IiKial DEPARTMENT
**Thepresent Judicial system, with which^all the territories are inflicted. Is Inherent^ly and radically wrong aud uever did, nor^can it, adequately meet the demands of the^people; I nderour present arrangement,^the supreme court Is composed of three^judges, who are also the judges of the sev^^eral district courts. While sitting as a^suprt me court, the district judge who tried^a case in the court below is called^upon to review his own decision. The^msnlfest injustice of this is at mm^apparent It Is calculated to, and does he-^get a lack of confidence In judicial pro^^ceedings, and brings courts into contempt.^Honest judges and lawyers are alike em-^harassed in such a dilemma. The present^system is manifestly wrong again; by It the^people have no voice in sebctlng the^judges. They are sent to us from the far^off east, probably in deference to the tra^^ditional idea that it was from thence all of^the ^wise men^ came. Yielding much to^precedent in this respect, we cannot, how^^ever, at this late day willingly submit to^such a system. The character of our liti^^gation Is such that, however learned in law^our eastern judge may be, he will find him^self much ^ in harassed in his new field.^Under our state government a supreme^court is established which is independent^and separate, and sits twice in each year.^The judges bold their offices for six j ear-,^and are elected by the people. District^courts are provided with substantially the^same jurisdiction as they now have in our^territory. Hour disltrcts are provided, but^Che legislature has power to increase tbe^i.umi er Ut meet the necessities of the peo^^ple. County courts are substituted for the^present probate courts, with enlarged Juris^^diction. Juaticftof the peace are provided^f^r, and th* right to create police and mu^^nicipal courts vested In the legislature. All^Judges are required to have resided In the^state or territory at least two years prior to^their election. This we submit as a whole^^some provision. Moderate salaries have^been provided for Judicial officers, and yet^It Is generally conceded that the amounts^are sufficient to secure a high order of^talent. The salaries, however, which have^hten provided, are subject to legislative
control,except that they are not to be In^^creased or diminished during the term of^any officer All judicial officers, except^Justices of the peace, are prohibited^from receiving any compensation, except^by salary. Tne great abuses of the fee^system ought not to be permitted to gain^any foothold in a judiciary sysu-m, and the^legislature is properly denied the power to^change this.
mightor srrrBAOK.^In addition to the usual qualification of^age, a voter must either be a cltixen of the^United Mates or hsve declared bis Inten^^tion to become such not leas than four^months before he offers to vote. This four^mouths qualification is a Judicious safe^^guard against the pernicious system of^manufacturing citizens on election day.^The legislature Is also required to pass all^needful laws for the preservation of the^sanctity of the ballot Suffrage la likewise^extended to women, so far as relates to^school district elections, and women mi)^hold achool offices, provided the legislature^shall erne t laws to that effect
STATUINSTITCTIOHa.
Kducational.reformatory, and penal In^^stitutions are amply provided for, as well^as those for the beuellt of the insane, blind,^deaf and mute. In order that tne seat of^goM-riiHieut may t^* permanently located,^proviaioii Is made tor submitting that ques^tion to the electors of the state at the next^n nerai i le^ Hon ensuing after the hrst ses^sum of tbe state legislature. The legisla^ture la prohibited from making any appro^^priation for capital hutMlngs or grounds,^until after the seat of government shall^hsve been permanently l^^cated, aud no ap^^propriation for such purnoae Is authorial^before Ike year 1V0U, unless the proposed^appropriations shall have been first sub^united to the electors of the slate and tbe^approval of a majority thereof obtained.^A fair distribution of nubile buildings la^secured by providing that no mpre than^one of such Buildings shall be located in^any one county.
EDUCATION.
*'Nostate constitution has made better^educatioual provision than th** one we pre^^sent for your candid consideration. The^experience of maukind has demonstrated^that the happiness, prosperity and nerman^am v of a country is measured by the Intel^ligence of its people. No surer or better^means for the dissemination of knowledge^among all rIasses of society has ever ksjefl^devised than the one here presented. This^constitution commits the statu fully aud^unequivocally to the perpetual malnt*^nance of public free schools; opens th^doors unconditionally to the admission of^all between the agesot five and twenty (me^yeara Three mouths achool is the mini^mum allowed in any'school district In the^state, Our magnificent dowry of school^lands is most carefully provided for, the^grand object being to secure the utmoat,^both for prlncinal and interest, with a full^guarantee by tfie state against loss or di^^version of any part thereof; but that liberal^endowment of public lands made to aid^our public s^-hooK and to which Montana^will fall heir at the death of our present^system of territorial government. Is yet^under the eontrol of the general govern^in. nt. and cannot be utilized to our benefit^until Montana puts on the habiliments of^statehood. It can In no way be utilized or^leased, or even protected for the benefit of^uur schools. A wise and economic use of^this grant will ensure incalculable benefits^to the sons and daughters of Montana, and^p^ ur a rich endowment into the school^fund; but In our present condition the lib^eral act that prov ided us such a legacy Is^practically a desd letter.
Nostronger guarantees could have been^devised than are contained in this con^stitutlon to prevent our schools of every^grade from falling Into the hands or under^the Influence.of any sect or creed, or polltl^cal party.
KKVKNITKAND TAXATION.
Itis fair to say, that no provision of the^constitution received more consideration^than the one relating to the subject of reve^uue and taxation, and especially that por^lion providing for certain exemptions; and^although considerable diversity of opinion^arose regarding It, vet it was apparent^from the beginning that a majority of the^convention favored the propoaed plan. It^was claimed by some that, under this pro^viaion, mines would be exempted from^taxation, or at least would not contribute^their just proportion to the revenue of the^state. Ity it the value of the surface lm^provements and other property, and the^net proceeds derived from op. rating^the mine, are proper subjects of taxation^the mine itself being aione exempt. It^was confidently asaerted and plausibly^maintained that there Is no method known^by which the actual value of a mine can be^as crlalncd; that no one can divine what^in s beyond the range of vision in the earth^that experience hasdemonstrated that I host^who pretend to be the beat qualified t^^judge the merits of a mine are often the^most mistaken, it was urged that the value^of most classes of property depends upon^conditions and circumstances which are^apparent and susceptible of estimation, and^practicably permanent in their character^while a mine is generally soon exhausted^of Its wealth, and becomes worthless, and^that the improvements thereon, which In^most cases have required a large outlay of^capital, are also tnquvnUy valueless. 1^was contended, with much force of argu^ment, that if it were attempted, for the^purpose of assessment, to fix a value on^^tees, many properties of a doubtful, and^perhaps, worthless character, would by^reason of the mistake or interested motive^of the asseaaor l^e required to pay tribuW^while others of greater value and less^notoriety would virtually escape taxation^whereby the svsbiu would give rise^inesfaitnabie contiicts, and result In in^justice to both the mine owner and state^The sjsteiu embodied in this constitution^is similar to that of Nevada and Colorsdt^where it is claimed every iniue that^worked yields its Just proportion ^^revenue to the county and state. Finally^It was maintained that the Industry o^mining, bazaftftoui as it Is, was worthy o^all reasonable encouragement; that this^liberal policy will attract to the state mil^^lions nt capital; will furnish employment^to a large part of its population; build up^towns and cities, and contribute Immensa-^I) to its wealth and prosperity. As before^suggested, the expediency and uollcy of^these exemptions are questioned by some,^but if found to be Inequitable, they may^be obliterated by an amendment to the con^^stitution.
Therate of taiatlon for state purposes^can tievercxcccd three (8| mills on the dol^^lar; aud whenever the taxable property^amounts to one hundred million dollars,^tfie rate cannot exceed two (2) mills on tbe^dollsr; and whenever the taxable property^amounts to three hundred million dollars,^the rate shall not thereafter exceed one (1)^mill on the dollar, unless a proposition to^to increase the rate, specifying the rate^proposed, is first submitted to aud approved^by a majority of the voters of the state.^This constitutional restriction secures an^inexpensive state government from the be^ginning.
PtTBLtCINDEHTEDNKHH.
Thisarticle commits the state,and every
county,city, town, township and school^district against lending the credit thereo',^directly or indirectly, to or In aid of any^person, company, oi corporation, for any^amount or for any purpose whatever.^Counties are also prohibited from contract^^ing any indebtedness, tor any purpose, be^^yond live per cent, of the value of their tax^^able property. A like provision Is made^concerning cities, towns, townships and^school districts, limiting their power to^'Teste any indebtedness beyond three per^cent of tlo ir valuation. The disposition^of all new states and the municipal subdi^^visions thereof. Is to go In debt. We be^^lieve that the future wil I vindicate the wis^^dom and propriety of these constitutional^prohibitions.
CORPORATIONS).
Amongother things in this constitution^which ought to commend it to the people of^this territory is tbe provision subjecting^railroad, transportation and express com^^panies to legislative control. The power^to regulate and control by law the rates of^charges for the transportation of^passengers and freight by such companies^as common carriers from one point to an^^other, within the state, Is expressly assert^ed, and unjust discrimination In charges^prohibited. All railroad, express, or other^transportation companies, in existence at^the time of the adoption of this constitu^^tion, are prevented from having tbe benefit^of any future legislation, until they shall^have filed with the secretary of state an^acceptance of the provisions of this consti^^tution, in binding form.
freepames,
stringentprovisions are made against^railroad and other transportation companies
issuingor public officers receiving any free^pass over such roads. While these provi^^sions are in keeping srltb the later consti^^tutions, they were, when first considered^by the convention, deemed to be more^properly subjects for legislative action than^otherwise; a full discussion of the matter,^however, only served to show that an al^^most unanimous public sentiment was de^^manding that the constitution should speak^emphatically upon the subject. Yielding^to this sentiment, nothing was left for
thatIt will be adopted. Every Interest we^ave In common demands It, and we be^^lieve that all the citizens of Montana, with^ut political difference or divisions, will^now and here, and at all times aud places,^demand and unflinchingly maintain the In^berent and Inalienable right of self govern^^ment with almost peftect unanimity. As^citizens we pay our taxes, observe and obey^the laws, and loyally support and defend^the constitution of our country. It cannot^be said that, because we have ceased to be^ittzens of a state and are engaged inlay-^ng the foundation-of a future great com^nion wealth, tbe state of Montana, we have^lost any right that pertains to or is inher^^ent in a citizen of the United States of^America, Therefore as to our right and in^^terest In demanding statehood there are to^be considered two propositions:
First,that of population. That we^have now a sufficient number of bona fide^citizens to well and efficiently maintain a^state government will be satisfactorily^demonstrated at our next general etectlou,^hen this constitution will be submitted^for your suffrages.
Wehave within Montana all the ele^^ments of solid and enduring wealth: a cli^^mate, for health, vigor and real enjoy ment^unsurpassed on the face of the giUie; an^area of country nearly as large as the New^Kuglaud slates; mines which axe to-day^the most prolific in the world; our facili^^ties for raising live stock most cheaply, but^with great profit, are am qualed, and are^attracting the stockmen throughout the^states, our soil is rich and wonderfully^productive of all the necessaries aud many^of the luxuries of life; our school and mail^facilities are excellent; tens of thousands^of live stock are now being driven from the^states to Montana as a profitable enter^prise; manufactures are increasing; our^towns and cities are building; railroads^traverse the territory from different dlrec^Hons; the compensation for labor is liberal;^these and other considerations are now^conducing to bring settlers In great num^^bers, and capital, in large amounts, within^our territorial limits.
Secondly,but the chief consideration^is that of revenue.
Canwe maintain and pay for the In^^creased expenses of a state government^ithout lie-reased taxation '.' If this ques^^tion can be assuredly answered in tfie af^finnative. then we are assured no lutein^gent citizen of Montana will vote against^the proposed constitution.
ItIs perhaps unknown to many people^of the territory ot Montana thai a very^great proportion of property now In Mon^^tana is not taxable while we are In a terri^^torial condition, but will tie taxable at Its^Just and fair rate the day that Montana^shall become a state. .Section 2 of the^charter of the Northern Pacific railroad^company Is as follow: That the right of^way through the public lands lie and the^same is hereby granted to ssld Northern^Pacific railroad company. Its successors,^and assigns for the construction of a rail^^road and telegraph, as proposed, and the^right, power and authority is hereby given^to said corporation to take from the public^lands a Jacent to the line of said road ma^^terial of earth, atone, timber and so forth^for the construction thereof. Said way is^granted to said railroad to the exteut of^two hundred feet in widtli on each side of^said railroad, where it may pass through^the public domain, inc uding all necessary^ground for station buildings, work shops,^depots, machine shops, switches, side^tracks, turn-tables and water stations, and^the right of way shall be exempt from tax^ation within the territories of the l'ulted^Slates.'
Theconstruction given to the foregoing^provision of the act of congress granting^such charter to the railroad company by^the best lawyers in the country is, that the^right of way of two hundred feet on each^side, with necessary depot grounds, etc.,^was a grant, and that all buildings, and^fixtures of every kind thereon attached to^the realty, and Is exempt from taxation.^This question arose within a few months^after the railroad entered the limits of^Montana,in the case of the Northern Pacific^Railroad company against Willis W. Car-^land, treasurer of Custer county, which^was decided by the supreme court of the^territory, at the January term. 1HK4 In^that decision the supreme court, in effect,^decided that none of the property of the^Northern Pacific Kallroad company, Its^right of way, or anything attached thereto,^is taxable, or in other words, so long as we^maintain our territorial condition the only^property of the railroad company which is,^under its charter, taxable within Montana,^Is the handful of personal property which^may come to the knowledge of the assessor;^also station buildings.workshops, switches,^side tracks, turn tables, aud water stations^are exempt from taxation within the terri^^tory of Montaua,
Outingthe fiscal year IHH2 Sit, the In^^crease of taxable property In this territory^waa nearly eleven and one-hslf million dot^lara over the proceding year. That the In^^crease during the present year will be^greater than the last, we can safely assume^for reasons which are apparent to every in^^telligent voter. It Montana shall be ad^sallied into the union as a state at Die next^session of congress, by the time we can be^fully organized as a state, we will have of^taxable properly, at a just and fair valua^^tion, at least the sum of eighty million dol^^lars.
The increase of costs In maintaining a^state government, over and shove the tern^tonal system, will not for years exceed the^sutii of forty thousand dollars. The North^^ern Pacific railroad company receives the^protection of the laws, and equitably and^Fairly should hear Its lust and equal burden^of taxation with the taxpayers of Montana.^It Is the opinion of some of the ablest law^^yers of this territory, that, when Montana^becomes a state, the property of the North^^ern Pacific railroad (company can ami will^be taxed as the property of an Individual.^There are within Montana eight hundred^and twenty-two miles of that road, if^rated at five thousand dollars per mile, a^moderate value for taxation, and taxed at^the rate of one mill SSj the dollar for state^purposes, the Increase of revenue from that^source alone will pay Into our treasury a^sufficient sum to pay the difference be^^tween state and territorial governments.
Wepoint with pride to the tact that no^shadow of repudiation found its way into^our constitution. That important point is^well and securely guarded. Experience^has taught the people of the ln^ ted Mates^that capital and emigration seek a stable^and sate government If Montana were a^state to-day, the capital that would seek^Investment and the immigrants who would^seek homes in this our fsvored land of^Montana would be increased In an iru^mensc ratio. The considerations admonish^us to hasten the glad day when the full^fruition of all our hopes shall be realized.^At present we sustain the same relation to^the federal government that a ward does to^his guardian; we are subjected to the com^^plete control of congress: we hav e no voice^in the selection of the officers who are sent^to rule over us; we are not even permitted^to have them appointed from amongst our^people; we have no assurance that the^laws passed by our legislature will not be^annulled, as was once done in this terri^^tory. Such an utter dependence as this by^a great and populous territory has beeu^submissively oorne for years. Our matur^^ity and importance have the first opportu^nfty to asaert themselves, and the people of^Montana are permitted to take the first^step toward enlarging their liberties and^securing the blessings of statehood.
StockIn the Park mine Is being rapidly^taken up. Over ten thousand shares were^sold yesterday In a very short time at^Jackson's music store.
NOTFORGOTTEN.
legislativeaction.
^Havingthus briefly called your atten^^tion to such portions of the constitution as^seemed to us the most Important, we sub^^mit the same to you with tbe earnest hope
PatrioticHelenaites Remember the^Father of His Country in^Many Ways.
TheNew Engender* Give a Recep^^tion to Their Many Friends and^are Ardently Patriotic.
taming Hub* or th. ;^ ll^ lists So. 1*1^Hop. mihI There ure Othvr Pleas^^ing Kv*oU.
Asidefrom the adjournment of the legis^^lature and the closing of schools, there was^nothing going on In the city to Indicate^that the KiA of February had arrived. In^fact, the only thing thought of was the ad^^mission of Montana Into the sisterhood of^states. When the iMiarhKDENT bulletin^announced by its special from Delegate^Tools that 1'resident Cleveland had signed^the bill, general good feeling prevailed and^all became Jubilant ^Here's to Grover^Cleveland, Washington's birthday and the^state of Montana.' was the salute at all^(juarter*- ' the clinking of glasses. Thus^It was th the masculine portion of Hel^^ena's population passed the day. The^evening waa pleasantly spent by a number^ut dances and receptions by clubs and so^cieties.
NswKnglauder* KveelT*.
Thereception given by the New Kngland^society at the A. Ok I W. hall was a pleas^ant affair, aud the guests heartily enjoyed^themselves. The affair was Informal, but^as no New Kngland meeting would be com^^plete without a chairman, J. W. Kinsley^^Maplcd the chair and called the people to^order, and after an hour or so spent iu so^^rts! converse ^America^ was suug by ail^^meat with a feeling which showed that^ms father ot his country was not forgotten^by them. Miaaes Tonn snd Kinsley played^a duett, and Mrs. Kea, who is an electitu n^IhI ot no mean ability, gsve two recitation*^which were highly appreciated. Hev KM)^Keletf reviewed ItvwCS1 ^Life of Wash^^ington.^ gathering whole l^oii^|uets of Mow^^ers from between UM paged, which were^distributed with a lavish hand to the de^^lighted audience.
Alunch consisting of sandwiches, cakes^and fruits, lemonade and cider was rel^^ished, after which more addreases were^made, .Judge McCounell responding in a^happy vein to an invitation to speak.^Hons Msntle and Moore excused them^selves in a neat manner when asked for ad^^dresses.
Thereception committee, consisting of^Messrs. C. Hedges. H K. Kisk, J. B. San-^or.l, a W. PlttS, K. I). Kelsey, 11. O Col-^inn and Misses Klla Knowl**s and M. I .^(irant, attended to the wants of the guests^lu a manner that left nothing to be desired.^Among those preneut were Judge and Mrs.^Me( onnell, Judge and Mrs. Hedge*, Kev.^K. U. aud Mrs. Kelaey, Mr. and Mrs. W.^M. liickford, I,, ii. Kea. s. ^ . Murray, Wil^^liam Thompson, J. Ii. Sanford, 11. Tonn,^0, W. I'M I*, Pro! Carlelon and wife, Prof.^l,ogari and Misses (irant, Tonn, Kinsley,^Quirk and Messrs McCuteheon, Mantle,^Moore, Kigle, Arnold, llolibrook, Kussell,^Harrisou, lieuuett.
Thel.ttat |SJSjSjSjBJS\
Thefinal dance to be given by the As^^sembly club before Kent took place last^night and was thoroughly enjoyed by all^participating. Among those present were^several visiting guests from Hutle, and it^was generally conceded to have been one^of the pleasantest dances given thin season.^Hanclng was carried on until the ^wee^sma' hours^ and the natal anniversary of^the only man ^who never told a lie^ was^royally celebrated, The next dsuce and^probably the laat given by the club this^year will be the (.t rmaii, which will takt^place after Easter.
r.o. a. or \. Bbjsjss*^The Helena camp of Patriotic Sons of^America gave a dance to their lady friends^at Assembly hall, which was largely at^tended. The various committees carefully^looked after the welfare of their guests^The music was inspiring and nimble feet^kept time to the enlivening atratus until a^late hour. At midnignt supper was had at^Scarff's restaurant.]
||J rorda wood for ltt.00 mt^worl'e.
DonDsv
Aftera Prisoner.^Sheriff Smith of Stutsman county, Da^^kota, called on Governor Leslie yesterday^with a requisition from Governor Church^of Dakota for Kdward Callahan, now un^^der arrest at GLendlve. Callahan escaped^from the Stutsman county Jail wmle await^^ing trial for burglary. Governor Leslie^examined the paper and finding them cor^rect made out the necessary order upon the^Glendive authorities and gave it to Sheriff^Smith, who left for Glendive. When he^secures possession of Callahan he will con^^tinue on his way to Dakota.
ClosedUntil May 1st.^Mr. Silverman, of the Montana Sampling^Works, Informs us that the works will not^resume operations before May 1, 1SHV, ow^^ing to mining Interests in Idaho and Wash^^ington territory requiring bis personal su^^pervision for the next sixty days. Thank^^ing the public for the liberal patronage ex^^tended to the Montana .sampling Works^during the past three years be hopes to^meet his old friends agaiu when he re^^sumes.
Onlyfifty thousand shares of Park min^^ing treasury stock to be sold, per order of^the trustees.
For36 Hours.^Try our Hodgson coSj; will keep fire for^M hours without fall.
tuoheydt noonapt.
M.Uumsbt, Agent.
Teethextracted without pain with the^electric vibrator at Drs. Stone A Head
THEDAKOTA VI8ITOK8.
Aftpeelal Train to I.vmv* Thin Morning- to^.Meet Tbe in.
Mr.W. McC. White, superintendent of^the Montana division of the Northern l'a^cltlc, arrived in his special car last evening.^He has arranged tor a special train of four^cars to meet the Dakota members at Galla^tin. The visitors number about thirty^members of the legislature, and about the^ssme number of friends accompany them.^The legislative joint committee of six and^as many of the Montana solons who may^choose, together with Mr. White, Col. San^^ders, Col. Stokes and M mbers of the press^will leave at 10 a. m. The Dakota train^Is two hours behind time, but barring^snowstorm will reach here on the schedule.
AnInvitation wasexteuded bv our solons^yesterday by telegraph to the Washington^territory legislature to join in the celebra^tion which will occur to night, but up to a^late hour no reply had been received
Hon.Win. Thompson of Stiver How, of^the reception committee, said that the Idea^of giving a banquet to night had been^abandoned, but some such entertainment^would probably be given before the visitors^returned. On Monday an excursion to^Great Kails will be the programme, when^It Is expected the Washington legislature^will be on hand to take part.
Adelegation of llutteites arrived last^night to join in the festivities and another^delegation will arrive to-day.
PERSONAL.
S.Orschel of Livingston is in the city
lion.Thos. C. Marshall came In from^Missoula last night
Cantlames II Mills Is In town, regis^^tered at the Grand Central.
J.M. IVttengill, Vacaville, Cel., Is^guest ^t the Grand Central.
A.J. Marchand, D. Dorais and (). Le-^Vilse, of Hutte, are In the capital.
Dr.C. K. Muaslgbrod, of Warm Springs^arrived yesterday, on mining matters
Hon.Tim Collins, ot Great Kails, and T^V. Cummings, of Kort Heuton, are In the^city.
lientonHatch, Geo. Kelger and James^Malloy, all of Livingston, are visiting^Helena.
L.It. Sutro, a prominent mining man^came In from his mines yeaterday and will^remain In Helena until spring.
Geo.W. irvln 11 is in town and celebra^ted last night in company with Col. Sand^era, (i. W. Dickinson, Judge Sanders and a^host of others.
KrankCorbett, of Butte, clerk of the^district court, came over last evening to^atteud the assembly hop. He leaves for^borne this morning.
sheriffLloyd came over from Butte yes^terday morning and returued with^prisoner arrested here by Mienlf Jefferis^The man was wanted for stealing.
CityClerk S. W. Graves and Assessor^Holland, of Butte, are among the west^side arrivals w ho are here to celebrate^Washington's birthday and admission.
W.V Mutton of Castle Is in the city. He^reports but little mining activity in that^section. About the onlv thing doing is the^sinking of a shaft on tne Cumberland^the White Sulphur Springs syndicate,^rush was recently made to Keti Lode}*
by
8ewerPipe and Sewer Work.
Partieswanting house connections made^to main sewer, and plumbing work of any^description, should have same done by ex^perlenced mechanics. All kinds of sewer^work and ssnitary plumbing done under^the supervision of a superintendent. Sewer^pipe sold in large and small quantities^liut of town work solicited. Sturrock 1^Krown, the leading plumbers and steam^Masts of Montana. Sewer contracting a^specialty.
Ifyou are in need of artificial teeth we^would advise you to go and examine the^beautiful celluloid sets^something new, at^Drs. Stone A Head.
THEWEATHER.
T*ni|^rat^r* Yaatontay at Helatta and at^TitrUua Othar PulaU la thm Nvrtawast.^The temperature In Helena yeaterday, as^shown by It. S. Hals * Co.'s Tale College^observatory thermometer, was aa follows:^b am., 17 below; noon. 4 below; a p. m.,^10 below; 10 p. in , n below.
Dispatchesto the 1m.m-km.im laat^evening show the following conditions at^the points named at 4 o'clock:^Vh 11 Ipsburg^Clear, cold, 6 below.^\naconda^Clear, roi^jf x^ro.^liutte^Cloudy, north wind, 10 below.^Deer Lodge^Cloudy, north wind, 5 be^^low.
MarysvilleCloudy, calm, 16 below.^Great Kails^Cloudy, 16 below.^Kort Shaw-Cloudy, 16 below.^Kort Benton^Cloudy, calm, 8 below.^Kurt Asainniboine^Clear, 18 below.^Battle Creek, N. W. T.-^lear, calm, 26^below.
MilesCity-Clear, 12 below.
GlendiveCloudy. 16 below.
HillingsCloudy, H below.
Ito/eman Cloudy, 10 below.
tligTimber^Cloudy, I below.
Uissoula C.ear, 10 below.
Kismarck,Das., K-b 22.^Tbe weather^aat night aud to-day has been the most^utterly cold experienced this season. The^Stsndlnn Kock stage which should have^arrived last evening failed to show up at a^ate hour and grave fears are entertained^for its driver and nassenirera.
NAUGURADON ANNOUNCEMENT
*i-it.tti Etruralua A i imp mink via lh^^I'rana/lvaul* Line*.
Arrangementshave been made whereby^the Pennsylvania Special, the Kullman^Vestibule train of the Pennsylvania Hues^that leaves Chicago at 10:30 a m. on Keb.^24 to March 3, inclusive, will have connec^^tion from llarrlsburg the next day, arriv^^ing at lialtltuore at 1:16 p. iuM Washington.^D. C, at 2:30 p. m.t and the train leaving^Chicago on Keb. jh, March land li. will^carry Pullman sleeping cars through from^Chicago to Washington. Fast line, train^No. 8, leaving Chicago at 8:16 p. m .^carries a Pullman hufTet sleeping car to^Washington, and on March 2 will be pro^^vided with extra Pullman sleeping cars.^Inaugural exeurslonists can also avail^themselves of tbe accommodations offered^by eastern express leaving Chicago at 8:16^p. m , and the Atlantic express leaving at^11:80 p.m. The managing officers of the^Pennsylvania Unea have perfected arrange^menu for the prompt and satisfactory^movement of every train. Through excur^^sion tickets to Washington via Chicago and^Pennsylvania lines can be procured from^any ticket agent in the west and northwest^Kull information regarding the Pennsyl^^vania service ran be obtained upon appli^^cation to c. W. Adams, assistant general^passenger agent, 06 Clark street, Chi^^cago, HI.
ADISTINGUISHED VISITOR.
MayorAniea, of MUnn^ap^ll^, I'ronilMt to^be In Helena la a Nhnr- lime.
Hon.A. A. Ames, ex-mayor of Minne^^apolis, has Just Informed the manager of^the Montana Investment company that he^is prepared to come I Heleua to assist In^superintending the Aborn House drawing^March 30. Tickets are selling rapidly, and^it is doubtful If any will be unsold on that^date. No one should miss the present op^^portunity to secure a chance In tbls great^enterprise. Whole tickets $6; fifths $1.^Office Grand Central Hotel block.
Blakeley'sJoke Lost.
Representativelilakeley Is mad. He at^^tempted some humor the other day which^fell so far short of its object that he has^been the guy of his colleagues ever since.^A memorial to congress praying for state^^hood was under consideration and Mr.^lilakeley offered an amendment In aub-^stauce that the legislature of Montana pe^^tition congress to admit Montana to the^union of states and kingdom of Mi-sourl.
Theclerk read: ^aud kingdom of the^missionary.
Nota smile went around.
Afterwaiting until he saw that no one^had ^caught on/' Mr. lilakeley arose and^said:
ThatIsn't It. 1 never wrote mission^^ary. 1 wrote Missouri.^^Hut the joke was Inst
PleasantlyEntertained.
Amongthe social events of the week In^the city was a surprise party tendered^Miles Cavanaugh, at his resldence.on Rod^^ney street, Thursday evening, by his young^friends. Notwithstanding the inclemency^of the weather a large number gathered^and enjoyed the social programme, com^^prising music, dancing and entertaining^games, arranged for the occasion. About 2^o'clock the company departed, and will long^lemember with pleasure the occasion and^the hospitable manner in which tbey were^entertained.
Coal.
Tryour lirlsbon lump cnal for fire places^Uauranteed to hold fire twenty-four hours.
Gilchristlinos. A Kdoah.
HELENA IN BRIEF.
().W. Jackson, music dealer.
Dinnerfrom VZ to 6 at tbe Hon Ton.
JamesW. liarker, merchant tailor. No.^16 North Main street.
ei east via the Montana Central and^Manitoba railways, the new sleeping and^dining car route to St Paul and the east^Through trains leave Helena daily at 11:86^a. m. ________
StarvingC'ur^aaa.
NiwYork, Keh. 21. a dispatch to the^Associated Press from Hugh Dinsmore,the^American consul general at Seoul, the cap^^ital of Corea, says: ^A terrible famine^prevails in the southern portion of Corea.^The people are reduced to the last extremi^^ty, snd many are starving. Tbe need of^assistance is urgent and relief fuods should^be called.^ Any funds transmitted to^Dlnsmore will be promptly devoted to the^relief of the sufferers.
Hungto a Tree.^AKTEsia, Miss., Feb. 22.^D. H. Smith,^a negro from Forest City, Ark., who baa^been collecting negro workmen and ship^^ping them to Arkansas, was lynched by^being hung to the limb of a tree yesterday^At the coroner's investigation the evidence^so far Indicates the hanging was done by^two citizens of Oklabbeha county and one^from I .own.b a. men of standing in their^comiuuulties.
UlaAccounts sjjsj abort.
CiKc-bicvii.i.K,O., Feb. 22.^James M^Lane, connty treasurer of Pickaway^county, has disappesred and his bondsmen^have taken possession of tbe office. His^accouuts are $47,000 short, all taken since^September.
Progr^^i.
ItIs very Important, In this age of vast^material progress, that a remedy be pleas^lng to the taste and to the eye, easily taken^acceptable to the stomach and healthy in^Its nature and effects. Possessing these^qualities, .Syrup of Figs Is the one perfect^laxative and the most gentle diuretic^known.
Born.
LaFONTalNIAt Htvra Mile, Fab. 17, to taa^wife of Proaper LaPoataln*, a daughtar.
NA KBOIT RNK^To the w fa of Franco Narboaraa,
Feb.41, a daiigther.
bIKG IN-To the wife of^SSMMSV,
WB^rt(ea, Feb. ^, a
Died
DU'KHAN-IaHeWna, Fwb tl, Caarlas Alfred^UlcSaaQ, agmt 13 jaara and S months^Tha funeral will t*k* plate from the Catholic^chart h 1Mb SJSSaflM at 9:$0, Frtaadeoftba fam^^ily are t r. ; to attend
DONDAVENPORT.
COA T.I
LEHIGHand LACKAWANNA
AUUna* tad Qradss of Sort. Alto, Wood.^OFFICE .... GOLD BLOCK^Tstspaoas Ss.
WANTCOLUMN.
Ta Ohsaseas an* beat Medium bv Which
TOUK It II TUB HISSES.
Advertisement*will be inserted lu^this c-i^ininii for thosje denirinaT Help,^ttetekiuj^ ttitu^ttouM, having Horn*** or^Hi m hum for Kent, Heal Kstaite tor Sale,^or other announeerneuU, at the rate^of K1KTKKN CKHT8 per line per In^^sertion.
ForBale.
FINEpair of larga bloodad carriage huraee^. Inquire at Jacaaoa'a aaalc store
Forfient -Dwellings, Business Flaoes ,^tc
liViHKJCNT one furnished houee and one do^X* furnished houee, rear of K*lnl*/eator*- Jta*^4aire of Osborne, Jotlet street.
bMUlKKNT-Tbe Becsae; Kucb, In Missouri^VeJler, near Toaton, M. T. For farther^particular* onuaire of Mrs C. A Wiaan, s4u Fark^avenue eouth, iielena, at T.
ri'UHUNT-An s room boons ob Mleventh a-e-^X nue. Enquire at 4u3 J^miney street.
,iOUHKNT-Flva-room b ^use Inquire at^1 Miss Ne*if s, 1UClarkstree*.
v NJt W Are SSSSS ootnwe on^A tween bUta aad Eighth^to Wallace A Thornuurgb.
beattleetreal Ue-^avenuea. Auuljr
riooms-Furnished and Unfurnished.
UKNIHUEO rooms at Mrs Lsujbdeu s. Oer^1 hauser bioca.
LU'KNIhUKDrooiufor i^bl, 41 North Beanm^X1 avenue. Coave^ientW the MUae* ftegies^restaurant.
UOK KE.vr-Mcely furnished rojms, ^ , Ed^JJ wards street. W. C. I'ardslUao.
LiOU KKWT^Four rooms for houaefcreplag,^i1 corner Blak^ and tllusdale streets, ave min^^utes walk from postomue; hot sad cold water lu-^quire on preiuleve.
HEPACIFIC or Lanolr 11 ansa^fitsam heat,^elegant rooms; hu, 75, |1, sjUs $1.du BSS dajr.
H
ARVEVUOUBB, Orand strsst, new and^sleg^utly furnished rooms, single or la suits
SituationsOttered.
KrtEEminers and one teamster. Helena Km^ulovmeut office, Herbert c handier, ,1.1
A
FlUbTCLAab woman cook. Must hars^good references. Audresa Mitche 1 si bnjr-
a1 Anetohd*.
U/ANTHU-Anoverseer, or chief advertiser,^** aad oas to three assist in ts (according to^alas of count/ and oopulaUon;. mm month sal^ar/ and expeuses 10 ovsiseers, and $Su to asaut-^anta. No peuaung. Mo soliciting. Duties con^^fined to msklns collections, uistrlbutln* orlnted^mailer, uutung up advertisements, etc., 01 Elec^^tric Uooda, Exosnses advaacsu; ssiaries paid^each month. Enclose four cents postage for full^specimen line of advertising mslUir to aLECTHO^OALVAN1U ^ 1 j^ I'slaie BuUdlug, Cincinnati, O.^Me attention ^aiU to postal cards.
WEwish to einuloy a rsUsble man in your^county. Mo experience required; psruie^nsnt position tor three years, balarr Increased^each year Ugbt, easy, genteel business. Money^advanceu for esisry, advertising, etc. Largest^msnulsctarers In our llns. Encioss S-c*at. Ao^uoetais. Ceutsnnlal Mfg. Co., Cincinnati, O.
SituationsWanted,
Advsrilasmsntsundsr this head will bs In-^esrtsd thrs* timss free of charg*.
tSITUATIONby young man to do chores, wit 1^) time lor some atuuy. r*ay, board. Audress^1 O., this oOlcs.
IjOttllloNaahousekeeper In hotel or widow^^ers family by middle aged Miaow (Ameri^^can). Address Mrs. Ldxxle Logan, tlu bixlk^street south, Minneapolis, Mian.
ITUATION aa cook la private family. Flrat-^l ciass references. Address J. It , this office
WANTEDBy a good practical tinner with^fltteen ^saia experKnce In tin, ahset Iron,^steam and gaa ditlug, a situation with some good^11'in in Montana Address Edward Darling, nox^41, Mlnto, Dak.
b I a\i^^.^^ vl'llhU ana type writer, quick snd^) accurate accountant, wants situation, btst^ut references. Address H. A. L , this office.
APOSITIONIn an office by young man. Best^city references. Address F. o. Box 587,
t'Il UATIOM by first class cook: best est refer-^) eucea furniahed. Add.ess Mies A. J . in is^uffice.
tSITUATIONby single woman, to wash by the^) usy, or tske tkarge of sick person. Address^W. I . this ofljes.
IllAlioM as chambermaid. Address A. B.^3 C, this office.
tllTUATlOffto co k or keep boose for elderly^) coaple. Can nUe the beet of releiencea. Aa^dr*es L r , this office.
Lostand Found
IOHT^Lady's pockotbiok. Finder will please^1 leavs same at 1537 Hose avenue, and receive^reward.
.OBT-A black silk sash,^1 J street and opera noose,^to this office.
betweenSID Clark^Finder wul return
Misoeliaueoua.
WANTED-Allto know that we have opened^an office In 1'hlllpsburg. Ueneral tnsur^sncs, real estate ar.d collections bmlth ss Bird.^Telephone 4w, 1'hillpkburg, Montana.
IJAKTIBKdesirous of Investing In a first class^hotel anu reataaraat enterprise wUl he) tar^^nished part cnlars concerning a rare opportunity^by addressing It. Lock Box 611, City.
/WILLreoslvs proposals until taa 4ret day ~of^I March, 1H0W, tor sinking a abaft oa the Big^Ox mine SUU feet, bhaf t to be 7i4 fast In the cieer^aad well Umbered. Bonds will be required for^compleUou of work. Inquire ot J. W, Carpsnter,^vice president Big Ox Mining company, Box KIT,^Heleua, Mont.
ONB Y TO LOAN on reasonable terms^^I no 8 M. NsUL Hooma 6 and 7 Ashby^block, Main street.
M'
G\ U. tiPBNCKK, manufacturer and dealer In^I, lumber, lath and cordwood, office 46 and^as, Pacific hotel. Tslepbons m.
W
ANTEDClean, cotton rags, for wiping, at
JjnssrawDSOTpress room.
ADIE8'gold wasthes, SS0; stem winding sil^^ver watches, $i!S; ten-mile field glass, $10;^articles of every description bought and sold;^money loaned, at New York Loan Office, Interna-^Uonal Hotel Block
~~SPECIAL. NOXIOXd.^^vrua of Flga Otsanass the System.^Syrup of Flga Is Pleasant and effective.
UaaSyr jo of Figs for Oonstipstion
MorningStar Lodge, No. Dv * F^at A. M.
AA regular communication of the above^^r\^r named Lodgs will take place at Masonic^J^sm Temple, corner of Broadway and Jackson^' ~ ^ etreet, on the second and fourth batujday^e\enlnge at 7 o'clock-^All members are expected to be prompt In at^^tendance, and sojourning Brethren are cordially^Invited
RW CRAVBN, W M.^II n OrTHRlK, Ss/y.
SECOND
POBIT1V1LTFOR
This Week Only!
1lot Ladies Jersey Ribbed Vests, price^$2, now $1.25
1lot Oriental Lace, 4 yards for 25 cte.^20 dos. Gents' Joarton 4-button Kid
Gloves,price $2, now f 1.15.^50 pairs Beldins; Bros. Silk Hose, price
$3.50,now $2.20.^20 psr cent oft on all Jerseys in stock.^30 dor GenU' Merino Socks, S pair for
$1.
20per cent off on Knglish Dinner ware,
OnMonday and Tuesday
Wewill sell English Decorated Cham^^ber Sets for $335.
Callearly and get the bargains.
KOHLBERGk CO.
THE BEE HIVE
6North Main St.
LADIES'
ON SPECIAL SALE
TtLisWeek
AT
SandsBros.
SPECIALFEBRUARY
ClearanceSale !
GANS^~KLEIN
Willsell during the present month only all kinds of Winter
Clothingfor
Men'sBoys' and Children's Wear
Ata Special Reduction of
10PER CENT
Fromtheir former reductions. This is a bonalide offer and we^shall continue said slaughter for the month^of February only.
SaveMoney by Calling on
GANS^ KLEIN.
Cor.Main St. and Broadway.
PORTER,MUTH ^ COX,
RealEstate.
Wsrun offer soma Irst class locations In tha
Hauser^ciclitiorL
ATLAST YEAR S PRICES.
Thisis choice inside property and at the present list is the^CHEAPEST PROPERTY for sale in the city.
ALSO LOTS IN THE
Floweree, Bradford, Brooke, Ames and Syndicate
ONTKE MOTOB LINE.^Plenty Water, axxcL No N-aisanoea.
Calkins^^ Featherlv,
NEXTDOOR TO POSTOFFICE.
Stationery,Legal Blanks Aiken ^ Lambert^Gold Pens. Blank Books and Memorandums, Pic^^ture Frames and Mouldings, Baby Carriages and^a General Assortment ot Notions,
SANDCOULEE COAL
Doesnot slack when exposed to the air as most all other^soft coal does. A large portion of this coal is similar to An^^thracite in character, ana does not fill the room with soot.
Askyour dealers for the Sand Coulee Coal or apply to
S.F. SHANNON, Agt.
OfficeMontana Central Depot.
P.H.BEST BREWING CO.
Milwaukee,Wis.
JL
FRANK J. KENCK, SOLE AGENT,
Helena,Montana.^WarehooM And Bottling Work's at the Montana Central Depot.^Office- Harruonla Hall.
ChildrenCry for Pitcher's Castoria.
BYBUYING
DIAMONDSand WATCHES
OfAll (JradeS and Makes
AtRINGWALD'S, Op. Cosmopolitan Hotel, Main St.
TheHioneer ot the ^3reat West.
COSMOPOLITANHOTEL
HELENA,MONTANA.
SCHWABA ZIMMERMAN. PROPRIETORS.
TheOldest Most Reliable. Leadln* Klrrt-claea Hotel In the Territory.
.LIFEREHEWER
^Ur^ats ud P^rf^r^CssiB^Bs.t-.rr In h.-orld rW
PsJnU ths ftsrrk .dssr^^assBistlsui, W
*2f*2^ KassuBstlsta, Wmkmam
idZSLsmtUfikaJk
UPTUEE
sTSnd P^rman^n^ 1/
riACNIIICELAiTlCTRUS
amuthtlt firrrm
Ptrfsrtluur-r,
tl]
ss*.H*scured lhi^iiana*.

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