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The Helena independent. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1875-1943, July 26, 1889, Image 4

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Articleon Rights of Suffrage Dis^^cussed in Committee of^the Whole.
EducationalQual.f.cation. for ^ Voter^Fails to Git a Majority of the^Delegate*.
Wou.su*ulrrHB* AIM,^ BU. k
Eye. but No^ ^ Very sserlows^Dor.
I'tfceconntitutional convention acooni^pUsh-d nothing j^U-rdayitatleaat fur^^nished the number, a chance to diaplay^tfcnr forensic powers and lom^ excellent^,neerhe.^ere mad-. The convention re-^t^Ued in'-, rommitt.* of the whole early m^the proceeding to con^iderpropo.i;.-n Ne.^14 article, on rights of suffrage and ^iuall-^firationlo hold office. To the bill intro^^duced by the committee on right* of^mitlrage numerous amendments wire^introduced ^nd ^ waa in di^ra*^iiR these^amendment* the day MM M*-nt. Hart-^man-i amendment making education to a^certain extent a .lualitv ation for voting^was championed by some and opposed by^others. Clark's amendment making it^ne.-ev,ary f r a foreigner t have taken . ut^bia final naturaiiiati'.n papers before be-^,ng allowed ^ vote waa pw^l by the com^^mittee. IJickfurd's amendment allowing^the legislature to grant suffrage to women^waa defeated. A^ onl^ one section of the ar^^ticle has been disced of the fight over the^article may la^tlor several days.
HieKwreu.H.u ^ses^l^^n.
Theconvention met at 10 o'clock. Presi^^dent Clark in the chair. After prayer by^tbe chaplain, the journal was read and^approved.
Hartmn moved to go into committee of^the whole on proposition No. 14, on rights
ofsuffrage.. . .
Robinsonobjected to going into commit^^tee of th-- ^ii^le on propositions, as the^convent.oii h*'i W ^v* r ^an^^ matter.
Thepresident stated that, according to^the rul-s. - matters mu^t be considered^by BaaaaaMM si iii^- whole.
Hurtmaris motion prevailed, and the^convention resolved into com'nittee of the^v, . .e, c'imijkt in the chair.
Kennedymoved to take up proposition^No. 14. on suffrage.
Ilickfordoffered a substitute for section^t as foliowa:, .
^Inall elections not otherwise provided^in Una constitution every male citizen or^those that have declared their intention to^become such, who shall have resided in^tins slate duru.^ the six mouths immedi^^ately preceding this election, shall be enti^^tled to vote, provided that no idiotic nor^insuie person shall be entitled to the^rights and privileges ot an elector.
Therights and privileges of an elector^shall be forfeited by a conviction of any^^ rime punishable by imprisonment in the^penitentiary.
Thelegislature shall have power to^confer upon wonu n the rights and privi-^i, ,[ch of aasetata as vote in any and all^elections'*
Haxtaaaamoved to amend section I by^making it compuisorj for electors to be^able to read aud write the English lan^^guage.
lireenmoved to adopt.
Hickfordnioveal i.i adopt hissuostitute.
WarrenMeed t'.at liartman's amend^^ment be adopted.
Joy'sresolution to the ^ ffect that every^male citizen -1 years of age, who has never^been convicted ot treason or felony, and^who can read and write the English lan^^guage, ia a voter, and no one I Ise, was^read.
Martmansa d the purport of .toy's reso^^lution and his amendment were the same,^ouly he had tried to put his amendment in^a more concise loriu. He supported his^amendment lu a speech of some length.
Courtneysaid the force ot the gentle^^man's remarks was lost when it was known^that no wrong had ever occurred lrom the^exercise of suff rage by ignorant people.^He was opposed to abridging the right of^suffrage in any way. The section as intro^^duced by the committee met \Mtti his ap^probation and was in harmony with the^times. He knew |^eople of considerable^moneyed interests who would be distran^chlsed if Hartman's ameudment was tc^prevail.
,loyspoke in tavor of his amendment as^being superior in some respects to that ol^iiartman. because it had embodied in 11 the^provision prohibiting persons convicted of^treason and felony troin voting.
Hogaoclaimed that to require an educa^^tional qualification was wrong. There^were people in Montana to-day who Could^not read and write who cast an honest bal^^lot, whne smart intelligent men that he^knew of would sell their votes. Hart man^talked of the Clan-ua-ilael. He probably^knew more about Maw societies than^he did. from what he hid read in the pa^^pers there were some of the most intelligent^people in the world belonging to that so^^ciety. To take suffrage away from a man^who hail become a citizen was wrong.
^argeantwaa opposed to ignorant people^having the right to vole. Our American^franchise is not an inherent right, bu^ ia^barred upon a political privilege. Tbe^amendment as he deemed it w as to throw a^safeguard aiuund the ballot box. When^we ineliidt all the virtue and intelligence^and cxc.dde all the vice and ignorance,^then we will have a better government.
Burleighsaid lie had listened to Hart-^man and ^argeant with a great deal of in^^terest. But he looked at things as they^were. Suppose a man had lost both arms^and was to attempt to vote in Massachu^^setts and had never been taught to write^with Ins toes be would be disfranchised^because he could not write. He had^known soldiers of the revolutionary war,^war of lM'i. the Mexican war and^of the law rebellion who could not read^nor write who were defending their couu-^try ^w-tore his young friend iiartman was^muling and puking In his mother's arms^and before his young friend Sargeant bad^kicked off his swaddling clothes. He^hoped tbe amendment would not pass.
JudgeKno a les said tbe American gov^^ernment bad enfranchised more ignorant^people that any people in the world. Men^came to the United Slates advanced in^years. They came to sections of the conn-^try where their languages were apoken^and never learned to speak English. A^friend of his who fought on the confed^^erate side said it seemed there were more^dead (termans on a held of battle than of^any other nationality. Those were tbe^kind of men who went out and fought for^their country, and such an amendment^would disfranchise just such men. There^were many patriotic men who could not^read nor write. He was opposed to the^amendment.
J.R. Toole said we had a liberal fran^^chise now and there was nothing demand^^ing its repeal. We have good officers who^fill the highest offices in Montana with^credit to themselves and of whom we have^been proud, and they were elected by voters^sought to be disfranchised. It was an inno^^vation we were not ready to adopt. The^amendment should not prevail.
missionappointed to examine the beada of^the members of the convention, the gentle^^man from Custer included.
sargeantsupported the amendment and^know lea opposed it.
Brazeltonasked Hartman if he lived in^Florida instead of Montana would be advo^^cate such a measure.
Hartmansaid the measure was no party^one, and he had entered into it with the^best of motive*.
Reekhoped the amendment would pasa
Cravenwa* in favor of America and^American institutions, and anything to ad^^vance. He did not care where a man came^from; as long as he was willing to become^an American citizen he was willing to take^him by the band.
Wittermoved that when the committee^rise it report progress and ask leave to sit^again. Carried.
Thecommittee arose, the chairman re^^ported, the convention resumed, and upon^.notion a recess wa* taken until 2 o'clock-
AfternoonSession.^On reconvening President Clark an^^nounced that when the convention ad^journed general order No. 14 waa under^conaideration by the committee of th-^whole.
Tbeconvention resolved itself Into com^rnittee of the whole. Cooper in the chair.
Keekasked that Hartman'* amendment^ue divided and considered separately.
Thechair decided that the subject mat^ter was germane in the amendment.
Callawaysaid be had been almost on the^tence while 1'stening to the debate*. H^wa* in favor of having a higher standard^for vot* rs, but did not think the time was^opportune for such a motion. If the o,ues^tion was to come up hereafter he would be^in favor ot a. but not now. The country^was small now. There were many pat^^riots who came to our land who under the^po-ed amendmtnt v. ^ i:!i be dis^^qualified. He wa* in favo^of enacting a higher standard^When the barons went to King John and^with sword in hand demanded mag La^. narta, not more than one half of them^could write their names, but signed their^names with across. The same thing waa^true of the heroes of tbe revolution. They^were not dependent upon Uod Almighty^for tbe privileges we now enjoy, but to tbe^brave men who took tbeir swords in hand^and demanded our libertie*. Wheu CoL^Washington met Col. Tarleton and deleat^ed him at Cow pens, he gave a blow across^Tarleton's shoulders which left a scar. A^tew days after that he was dining with a^lady and 9aid to her, ^Why, I don't believe^that fellow can write hi* name.
Atleast,^ replied the lady, ^he can^make las mark.
Carpenterwould support the amendment^theoretically, but did not think it practical^It would disfranchise the blind, whom a,^knew were an intelligent class of people.^He bad faith in the genius of the American^people, who would find some means to get^n their ballots. These and a few other^I ual locations led him to oppose the amend^^uent
Stapletonsaid a part of the amendment^was in coi.net with the constitution of the^l oited States. The amendment provided^that all people now residing in the territory-^would be allowed to vote, whether they^can read or write or not, and those coming^in afterwards would not be allowed to do^anything of the kind. Consequently, be^thought the amendment waa in conflict^with the constitution. It the object of the^amendment was to exclude all ignorant,^vicious and criminal persons from voting,^he was heartily in tavor of it. but it could^not be done, some poor people teach their^boys trade*. They put in their time learn^^ng it and never learn to read and write.^They are law abiding citizen*, self-depend-^^nt, industrious and law-abiding, (in the^ither hand, some boys are sent to school,^learn how to read and write, yet they are^dissolute and vicious, dependent and of no^use to society. He was opposed to the^amendment because it would not do what^was desired of it.
Clarksaid the subject was an interesting^one, and he had listened to the debates^carefully. He doubted as to tbe breadth of^the proposition on which the gentleman^framing the amendment stood. The wel-^fare of the state was not endangered^by extending the suffrage. He appreciated^education as well as any one. To be un^^able to understand the language was a^misfortune, yet he did not believe in visit^^ing that misfortune as those that did not^understand it well yet were good citizens^I he foreigner should remain in this coun^^try tor a sufficient time to understand our^institutions, yet but right of suffrage^should not be abridged farther than they^are at present. It was true that men had^been made vote as their employers wanted^them y et at the same time those employers^never sought to find out whether those^men could read or write. There is suffi^^cient importance in the question, knowing^the difficulties it will entail t^ make any^provisions of the kind contemplated.
Burleighmoved to lay all amendments^on the table, but withdrew his motion.
stapletonmoved to have tbe questions^divided.
Courtneythought the amendment should^be submitted to be voted upon tbe same as^it was discussed.
Hartman'aamendment was read and^Bickford moved its adoption. It was lost^by a vote of only eleven in the affirmative.
Tbeamendment of Bickford ottered as a^substitute for section 2 wits read.
Inthe llim Future.^Major Maginnis opposed tbe amendment.^He aaid that the language used by the gen^^tleman from (iallatm was beaut it ui, but he^wanted acondition of affairs to exist which^could not exist on earth. It will .exist^upon those E yalan fields upon the rivers^ot time when the powers of the universe sit^at the ballot Iwx and only angels canvass^for the suffrages of the constituents. He^knew thai the anarchists were as a rule ed^^ucated men. and not uneducated, as bad^been said, for education in their country is^compu aory, The men who put down the^anarchists were men mainly from other^countries, and who under this amendment^would not be allowed to vote. And men^i he could mention here in this terri-^who had but litt'e advantages in^rere tbe most prosperous and had^i the greatest successes. Another^thing which should not obtain, and that^wa* treason and felony unqja.itications^when it was known that it would exclude^^uch men as Kosciusko. Dekalb, Kossuth.^Carl schurz and Franz sigeL
Breenwanted an educational qualifica^^tion made or the franchise taken away^altogether. He bad known so many igno^^rant men wbo would vote as their bosses^told them to. that he wanted the thing^cnanged. He wanted no German, Irish,^Swedish or any oilier government, but a^government for America by Americana.
Middietonopposed Hartman'a resolution.^Whither are we drifting ^ he inquired. The^proposition of the gentleman waa wrong.^He waa aurpriaed that such an Intelligent^man as Mr. Hartman should attempt to^spring such a thing. Men come here from^other countries late in life who never learn^the English language. They make good^citizens; yet they should be disfranchised'.^He did not know but wnat the convention^abould resolve itself into a commission to^inquire into the lunacy of the gentlemen^from Gallatin and Park. He hoped such a^contemptible measure would not pas*, a* It^was unrepubllean and not in accordance^with the laws ot the United State*.
Joysaid the gentleman from Cuater bad^^nade ooe point. There should be a com
Bickfordsaid his substitute embraced^several propositions which he did not pro^^pose to discuss. Tbe only one that he pro^^posed to say anything about was the last^clause, which allows the legislature to con-^fer upon women the rights of electors.^He was opposed at the present time to con-^ferrfng upon women the right of suffrage^for the reason they had not availed them^^selves of the rights they now bad. A wo^^man is just as capable of determining th^^rights the ballot gives as a man. At the^present time tbe right of suffrage is ex-^tended almost universally to tbe male por^^tion of the United States: Massachusetts^and Connecticut bei g the only states in^the union where an educational qualifica^^tion is necessary for a voter. The woman^suffrage question came into light when tbe^negroes were enfranchised. The women^said they were as able to vote as the^negroes and from that time on the question^has oeen growing. The party known as^the party of Woman's Right* has been es^^tablished and they had a candidate for^president in tht field. In Kansas women^can vote in municipal and school matters,^and wherever they have taken part in such^municipal affairs they have purified munic^^ipal politics. He read a letter from Mrs.^Mary Humphreys, of Kansas, the sub^^stance of which was that granting munici^^pal suffrage to women in Kansas had^been beneficial and had worked a^good to the poll. Taking a^conservative view of the matter^be said the right of conferring suffrage to^women should be given to the legislature.^The right of suffrage had been conferred^upon women in this territory, but the su^preme court of Montana had also decided^that the right given to women to vote was^unconstitutional.
Tbeproposition that the criminal class^should be excluded from the right of suf^^frage ia a strong argument in favor of wom^^en being allowed to vote, as statistics show^that women did not compose one-tenth of^the criminal class of tbe United states.^Every man who is tbe bead of a family,^every man who has a mother, every man^wbo ha* a woman friend whom he respects^should vote for the measure so as to add^a jewel to the crown ot the state of Mon^^tana.
HeLoved Them All.
Burleighendorsed every word that Bick^^ford said, but thought the introduction of^the proposition at this time was out of^place. When the matter came up as an in^^dependent proposition he would sunport it.^His mother had tended him when a babe.^He inherited all the intellect be bad from^her. She taught him what little he knew^about the world to come, and for him to^say now that she should not be entitled to^all the privileges he had now would be^sacrilege.
Bickfordmoved to divide his amendment^so it could be voted npon separately.
Clarkmoved to strike out ^or those who^have declared their intention to become^such.
Thechair decided no amendment was in^order until the amendment was disposed of.
Eatonrose to a point of order that there^were two amendments pending. Not well^taken.
Clark'samendment waa read.
Middietonopposed the amendment on^the ground that it would retard immigra^^tion to make such a qualification for a
Marionoffered a substitute for section 2,^in substance that every male citizen 21^years of age. native or of foreign birth,^who shall have declared bis Intention to^become a citizen one year previous, should^be entitled to a vote.
MajorMaginni* said Marion's resolution^was the one he should support, for we^could not afford to* be Illiberal and deny^foreigners the privileges granted them by^the other stales, and all should have a^chance In helping to build up the state.
WhoSkoiM Bo CHtsens.^Clark opposed. No foreigner could^understand the Institutions of our govern^^ment after having been here for a year. He^abould be in this country at least five years.^N aturalization had beea made barter and^exchange at every election- Hundreds^and probably thousands of them had taken^our their first papers in Montana, were^voted by politicians, and wei^papers, but probably
everyforeigner should remain in this coun^^try bve years before being allowed to vote.
Bickfordaaid he would accept Marion's^amendment.
Burleighopposed Clark'* amendment.^He aaid that to prohibit men from voting^after they bad declared tbeir Intention to^become citizens war worthy of the czar of^Russia or shah of Persia.
Clark1 wenty-seven states in the union^require a voter to be a citizen ot the United^stales before be can vote.
Maginni*-Those states are old (tales,^and adopted such laws when they were^young.
Hogan was in favor of the amendment.^He did not believe in foreigners being al^^lowed to vote when they took out their^first paper*. He had to live in the United^states twenty-one years before be could^vote, and he waa born and raised in the^Unite*1 States, and saw no reason why a^man coming to this country should be al^^lowed to vote directly after coming here.
stapletonwa* of the opinion that a man^should be a full-Hedged citizen before be^^hould be allowed to vote.
MajMaginni* said that the gentleman^had aaid that a man who had declared his^Intentions to become a citizen waa atlll a^citizen of tbe country whence be came, but^that argument would not hold good. To^paas such amendment would be to dis^^franchise voters who bad sent members to^that convention. Slurs had been thrown^out that a iuau advocating the principles^he did hoped to secure the votes of such^immigrants, but he knew the immigrants^coming into Montana a* a rule were against^him and hi* party, but Montana could^not afford to be more restrictive than^her neighbors. The war of 1612 was fought^because the I ruled states rebelled against^allowing English cruisers to search Amer^^ican vessels and Impress American sa'lors^who bad declared tbeir intention of becom^^ing American citizens.
Callawaydenied the history of Msginnis.^He said tbe war was caused by English^cruisers searching American ships tor^American citizen* wbo had been citizens^of England: adisiinction with a difference.^Neither waa there any democratic party in^1812. Cries ot ^Question T'
Sargeantspoke against allowing foreign^^ers who had declared their intention of be^^coming citizens to vote, it was a disgrace^and shame to America to witness politi^^cians taking out naturalization papers for^foreigners tbe day before election, for men^who had no idea of becoming citizens. It^was enough to make Justice hide her bead^in shame and Liberty weep tor her country.
SilverBow Speaks.
Warrensupported Clark's amendment.^If he had his way he would make the time^seven years for a man to become a citizen^instead of five. He believed ti e youngest^page in the body was more entitled to a^vote than any foreigner wbo lands in Castle^warden. He had ae. n sj many ignorant^Italians^and they are not all^sell their^votes, that he was heartily in favor of Amer^^ica taking care of itself.
Clark'samendment prohibiting persons^who bad declared their intention of voting^was put and carried^ayes 54: noes 7.
Collin*moved to strike out ^male^ first^section and insert after the word ^person^^without regard to sex. Lost^ayes 48:^noes 25.
Joyoffered an amendment to Sec. 2, pro^^viding that no person shall be allowed to^vote who has been convicted of felony or^treason against the United States.
Thefirst sub-division of Bickford'* sub^^stitute was put and carried.
Subdivision 2 waa stricken out^^ Middieton spoke against disfranchising^citizens forever for having been convicted^of a crime. It was not reformatory. Tbe^tendency was vicious as far as possible^men sent to the penitentiary should be re^^formed: at least, reformatory influences^should be thrown around. He moved that^the clause be stricken out.
Clarkseconded tbe motion. The object^of our law was reformatory. When a man^was punished for a crime he had expiated^his crime. But when be was disfranchised^then was a brand set upon him. There was^nothing to encourage him, nothing to give^him a new lease on life.
Stapletonwas in favor of no criminal^voting. As there was no means of telling^whether they were criminals or not until^they were convicted they should never be^allowed to vote. The penitentiary never^.aade an honest man out of a thief. He^came out and slunk back to the slums^where he belonged.
NotHumane.^Burleigh said the words that fell from^his friend's lips led him to ask where hu^^man sympathy was. A great man wbo^visited this world nearly L.MS years ago^said to one ^neither will 1 condemn thee,^go thy way and sin no more.^ Suppose^his friend had a boy who unfortunately^wa* sent to the penitentiary and repented^be would say that his mother, sisters,^brothers would forgive him, but his tatner^wou.d not tor he had inserted in the con^^stitution of Montana that be should be ever^be a felon. To hades with such a doctrine.^It had no place on earth.
J.K. To de offered as an amendment,^^unless pardoned by the governor. '
Tbemotion to strike out the third divi^^sion, in reference to the disfranchisement^of criminals was stricken out.
Tbequestion occurring u(s^n the fourth^division ot Bickford's substitute to section^2, giving legislature* the right to confer^upon women the right ot suffrage. Mo^Adow supported. If we accorded women^the right of suffrage it would be in accord^of that principle ot our government, which^says that there shall be no government^without representation. Such a proposi^^tion should be incorporated in our consti^^tution and if it could not be added ne asked^that the doors of the state should not be^shut in their face*.
Callawaywas of the opinion after hav^^ing studied the subject for twenty-five^years that we should have a better govern^^ment if women were allowed to vote.^However, th^t proposition of Bickford^should be by itself and be was of tbe opin^^ion that a separate proposition should be^entertained. He thought his wife^could vote as intelligently on any question^as he could, yet he wou.d not want her to^be subject to military duty. She was a^isopular woman aud people might want to^run her tor governor. He would not like^to pass down street and hear people say.^^ 1 hi re goes the husband of the governor.^^If a clause was inserted prohibiting women^from holding i.ffice, he would vote to give^them the right of suffrage.
TheRetort Courteous.^Rickards said some nun were in me^habit of putting up men of straw to see^how gracefully they could knock them^down. Unices there was better material^on the other side of his friend's house who^had just spoken there was no danger either^would go to congress or be elected gov^^ernor. He was not ashamed of the stand^he had taken in behalf of woman suffrage.^He had voted side by aide with hi* wife on^school question*, and would like to vote^with her on other questions. The amend^^ment of Bickford was a good one and he^hoped it would pass.
Whitehillsaid to assert that a woman^stands upon the same plane as a man In^every particular wa* a fallacious argument.^If one-half of the women only were In^favor of suffrage he would be m favor of it.^Bn ther Re tards had aaid he had been^proud to take his wife to the polls, but if^she had voted a different ticket from blm^he would not feel so proud. He was op^^posed to suffrage, but thought as much of^women as any one and would protect them^to the best of bis ability.
Breensa.d tbe gentleman had just^spoken about Mr. Rickard's wife voting a^different ticket from that of her husband^he would wager tbe wife of the gentleman^from Deer Lodge would vote differently^from her husband the reason he opposed^suffrage. He waa willing to grant the la^^dies suffrage not only It. tbe future but at^the present time. If the question carried^It should be tbe duty of the men to go out^and work and elect a legislature which^would extend suffrage to women.
AnArdent Champion.
Sargeantfavored the adoption of the^clause. In every station in life man in his^selfishness allows woman to enter she^fills with dignity. Man has arrogated to^himself a great deal and has by misman^^agement managed to keep woman out. It^has been said that politic* are degrading,^but be did not think so. To say that abe^would aacrifice some of ber delicacy by^mingling with men at the polls was to^make an assertion no one would attempt to^prove. The prejudice existing against^women voting to-day wa* just as senseless^as the ^.'.amor against women going to the^colleges a few years to study side by side^with men. He bad been asked if he would^take hi* mother and wife to the poll* to^vote. He would. A woman'* influence in^politic* would be on the side of right and^justice, the purity of the ballot box and^many other reasons.
Collinshoped that the committee would^not say. after receiving the large minority^In favor of woman suffrage, that they^wou d not say to the legislature that it^should not sutun:t the question to the peo^^ple. Tbe legislature had the right to say^what should be done with the question,^and be wanted to see the amendment^prevail.
Ramsdellsaid he would support tbe^amendmep* though he wa* not in favor of^woman sufitage.
Joyoffered an amendment, which wa*^declared out of order.
Magtnnisaaid he took no Issue with the^gentleman who said women possessed two-^thirds of the intelligence and more than^half the virtues. The law of force prevails^and always will prevail aa long aatwomen^can put down one. tawaead of aaeat:~^each other on tbe field of battle they^each other at the ballot box. Cttti^met each other at tbe ballot-box do not^enjoy a natural right but a political privi^^lege. First none but tbe rich could enjoy^nilMral privilege, bat that wa* arradStly
expandeduntil all men willing, at last, to^enforce tbe laws of government In the^grand arbitrament of war were Included.
Tbeact that put the black man in the^rank* of war and arraigned him against the^enemy of our flag, that minute tbe country^had to enfranchise him. Woman baa ber^appropriate sphere. It ia to ennoble, to^bless, to purify, and man has his element^to conquer and subdue. He did not want^to make woman dependent upon the will^and caprice of man- If woman wanted^tbe ballot she would get it, right or wrong.^If the question was left to the women of^Montana they would vote it down. Tbe^vote of tbe women of Massachusetts did^not represent but a small portion of tbe^women wbo are allowed to vote. Another^thing, if women were allowed to vote they^would be controlled by preacher*, and a^country ruled by priest* and preachers waa^ruled by a class wbo knew but little about^their fellow men. and as a consequence un^^fit to govern.
Don'tBelieve It
Burleighsaid the doctrine advanced by^Maginnls was tbe same advanced in Rome^in Pagan days, tbe same advanced by tbe^Turks, wbo kept their women In tbeir^harems, for their purposes beat^known to tbem. It wa* a doc^^trine advanced by the masters wbo^bad their slaves and aaid they kept tbem^because it was according to the teachings^of t^ ^d. He voted tor liod in the i-onstiiu-^tion, but if that were true he would'vote^for another God. He w as willing to g.. ^^woman any privilege ahe might wiah.
Courtney,against tbe question of woman^suffrage, said Maginni* had advanced an^irrefutable argument, and believing that^women had the best of the question as it ia^he was satisfied and did not wish to impose^upon them the duties of suffrage.
Clarkstaled that it may be true, as some^had said, that women did not want the bal^^lot, but they had never been given an op^^portunity of voting on the question, lie^was in tavor of leaving the way open tor^tbem. and if tbe polls were thrown open to^them he would say that you would never^see them asking S3 for their vot* s. Instead^of women being degraded by going to the^polls they would bring man up to their^level, it such a thing were possible. A^way should be left so that if in the future^woman may desire suffrage she may not^be denied it,
Bickfordsaid the arbitrament of war^had nothing to do with the ballot, as the^gentleman from Lewis and Clark asserted^If the power to enforce the right to vote^were true, then John L. Sullivan would be^tbe only man in the United States entitled^to vote, as be would be tbe only man able^to enforce his demand for the ballot, lie^hoped his amendment would prevail.
Robinsonmoved that the committe arise.^Lost.
Joy'samendment was put and lost.
Bickford'sfourth division of section 2.^woman suffrage, was put and lost. Ayes,^34; noes, 2W.
Committeerose, reported progress, and^asked leave to ait again.
Amotion to take a recess was lost and a^motion to adjourn prevailed.
Jas.Shields came over from Anaconda^yesterday.
MarcusDaly will arrive in Helena this^evening.
K.J. Stevens, of Missoula, is at the Cos^^mopolitan.
U.P. Rolfe, of Great Falls, is at the Cos^^mopolitan.
W.1. Sheppard, of Missoula, is at the^Merchants.
Hon.T. C. Marshall, ot Missoula, is at^tbe Merchants.
AustralianBill Kennedy came up from^Boulder yesterday.
F.W. l.illey and wife, St. Paul, are at^the Grand Central.
MaxWaterman and daughter, of White^Sulphur Springy, are visiting Helena.
Rev.Paul F. Hein and wife, of Spokane^Kalis, are guests ot the Cosmopolitan.
AttorneyTitus, of Philipsburg, was in^town yesterday on the Milroy habeas cor^^pus case.
K.Carpenter, Missoula, and Thomas A.^Lynch, su Paul, are registered at the In^^ternational.
John11. Conrad, of Billing^, arrived in^town yesterday and is quartered at the^Grand Central.
Hon.Wm. Parberry went over to White^Sulphur Springs last nigbt to be absent fos^two or three days.
SilvanHughes, manager of tbe Estes if:^ConnelI Mercantile bouse at Anaconda, is^at tbe Cosmopolitan.
C.R. Matbeo, Denver; C. W. Friel, Bos^^ton; J. N. Schoonovcr, Pnillipsburg, Pa,^are among the arrivals at the Pacific.
MissPearl Davenport and Miss Olive^Davidson left for White Sulphur Spring*^last night for a few days' visit with frienda.
Hon.LA. Brown, the Beaverhead heavy^^weight statesman, la in the city, and was a^close listener to tbe debate on woman suf^^frage.
MayorW. R. Kenyon. M. .1. Connel,^Shelley Tuttle and Wm. P. Gwinnn, all of^Butte, arrived in the city last night and^are domiciled at the Cosmopolitan.
Amongthe territorial guests at the Pa^^cific are: W. U. Hackney, Rimini: R. L.^Miller, Wolf Creek: J. W. West, Butt*;^W. M. Wilson, Boz-tuan; Geo. Harrison,^Basin, aud Hugh J. Siavin, Townsend.
Mis*Hattie Ratcliffe, St. Paul; J. A.^Sinclair. Wallula Junction; K. W. sitterby^and wife, and W. C. Phillips, of Telluride,^Colo., and H W. Cunningham and wite,^Denver. Colo., are guests of the B^lvidere.
W.A. Michael and wife, Dr. J. F.Smith,^Mrs. A. Beller and Misses Celeste Dubring^and Nettie Porter, all of St. Joseph, Mo.,^are at the Belvidere, and after remaining a^couple of days will continue their pleasure^tour to California.
BenHarris, the well known clothier,^left for a business trip to St Paul. St.^Louis and New York yesterday. going via^the Manitoba. While in St. Louis, Mr.^Harris will list Southern Cross on the^mining market.
JohnA. Corwin, of the Chicago Tribune^staff, and Mrs. Corwin are at the Co*m^e^politan. Mr.Corwln is taking observations^of the new states, which will appear In the^form of correspondence published In the^Tribune.
G.A. R.. Attention.^On account of tbe annual encampment^of the Grand Army of the Republic in^August, the Northern Pacific Railroad^company will sell tickets to Maw-auk. ^^ and^return at one fare for tbe round trip
i^:^^^ flu).
Ticketswill be on sale August IV to 2A,^inclusive, good to return until Sept. 7. The^final limit returning may be extended at^Milwaukee until Sept. 90,
A.D. Edgar,^General Agent. Helena, Mont.
Justin Time.
Iti* not too late to buy lawns and while^good* when you can buy them at such^prices as will prevail here this week,^s. Veent lawns for 3 rents a yard; 15 cent^lawn* for *^ ^ cents a yard; 20-cent lawns^for 10 cents a yard. A great variety of^fayal batistes in satin stripe effects reduced^from 20 to 10 cents a yard.
Whitegoods, lace and satin stripe effect*^reduced from 20 to 10 cents; 25 to 12S: 50^to 25. etcRai.kigh A Clakrb.
Orderyour Milwaukee beer thorugh tel^^ephone 1ST. F. J. Kenck. agent.
Exclusive.You know how cheap parasols have been^here for the past two weeks. They are^cheaper now. We have about forty left^and we offer tbe choice at your price if^within reason. Many of the styles are ex^^clusive.
KtMhtor ten embroidered Swiss robes^for which no reasonable offer w HI be re^^fused.
Kalkibh a Clarke.
Hanan a Son*' men'* S6 *boe* for S4 at^^ i amer's.
Eleganceat a Discount.^We have but eight braided wr.v - left.^They are of Armure (ilk. elaborately^trimmed with lace and jet and you can buy^them at price* that bring elegance within^the reach of all. A S20 wrap for 512; S40^for Sis: *S5 for 51* 50: ^T5 for ^45.
Raleigh A Clarke.
Displayand Utility.^Our entire atock of fans this week at^much below regular price*. Fans for the^opera, the ballroom, the pari r, tbe lawn^and for every day at lower price* than^ever before quoted in Helena, see north^display window.
RaleighA Clarke.
Thefavorable impression produced on^the first appearance of the agreeable liquid^fruit remedy Syrup of Figs a fe ^ year* ago^ha* been more than confirmed by the pleas^^ant experience of all who have used it. and^the succea* of the ^proprietor* and u.aun-^g Svrup cc
Iacturer*the Cal. Fig
Hanan A Son*' men'* ftf shoe* for^Gamer'a
S3.60Hosiery for SI-OO.
Tht*ia the second and last week of our^great special sale of hosiery and summer^underw-ar. ^Don't buy a thing because It^ia che*p^ lose* it* application and force^when applied to hosiery, because it ia aa^staple aa ice cream at a church festival-
2to S3 50 ladies' hose for $1 a pair: SI^to II 50 for tl cents, and T5 cents to SI tor
A50-cent veat for^nta, and aa elegant silk^*- Kalxi
CommodoreO'Nell of Central Park, who^la now in the city gays the lake 1* mil of
Theinfant daughter of Mr*. Bel! Jam - s^was yesterday taken for adoption by Mr.^and Mr*. Jame* ConJey, of this city.
Ascrap will be imminent bet wean Frank^Shepley and one Tom Sayer* whenever the^latter puts up. Shepley Is ready with bis^money.
Helena'scolored citizens will celebrate^Emancipation day. which occurs next^Thursday, with a grand picnic at Central^Park assisted by a Butte delegation.
Thepolice are making the quarterly^round-up of the Wood, Bridge and Core^street fairies who are enriching the city ex^^chequer at the rate 55 and SIO p-r bead.
Dr.M. S. Bacon returned from Butte^yesterday, and slate* that while he was in^the wicked west side metropolis some thief^S 5S5ui* **' ^f surt'c*1 taatruments. valued
Certificateof incorporation of Myrtl-^Lodge. No. 3. K. of P.. with Wm. Lr.rey,^J. T. Gore and L. A. Walker aa trustees,^was filed with the county clerk and record^^er yesterday.
Constable^.^ ar^ vesterday levied an at^^tachment ou about 7.000 bushels of coke at^Ten Mile, the property of Pritchert* May.^on tbe complaint of John Keiiey, wbo al^leges SIOS is due bini for labor.
R.H. Wear, the five year old son of Mr.^and Mr*. R H. Wear, died yesterday-^after a short illness. Tbe fun. ral will take^place this afternoon at 4:15 o'clock. The^trie.-.d- ..f the parents sympathize with^'hem in their sad bereavement.
S25OO for SIO.OO.
Alimited number of noveity dreas pal-^terns, the choice tor S10 0U; former prices^Don't delay, aa the num-
515.00to S25 00.^ber i* liuiiUd.
Ralkioh^k Clakkk.
FreshFrom the Barrel.^Lemp't beer in bottle* taken fresh from^the barrel for sale at Baseman Bros. A Co.^Patent rubber stoppers. Ten rents per^bottle, delivered to any part of the city.^Telephone 241.
Tryour best patent hour, the best in the^market, and Whittaker Star hams, at
IohwT. MintPBT A Co.'s.
First-ClassOffice* to Let,^With steam heat, elevator service and all^the modern conveniences, in the new Mer^^chants National Bank building. Apply at^Merchants National Bank for floor plans^and rentals.
Booksto Bind.^Mr. C. B. Lobkicher has taken the Herald^bindery and is now ready for business. He^is a skilled workman and without doubt^will give satisfaction to all. Special atten^^tion given to ruling and blank book,.^First-class work guaranteed. Magazines^bound in neat and durable sty le. (rive bim^a trial.
G.W. Jackson, music dernier.^Dinner from 12 to 6 at the Bon Ton.^James W. Barker, merchant tailor. No.^15 North Main street.
Eli. K. Carpenter's dental rooms, room^30, Pittsburg block. Take the elevator.
(toto Chicago shoemaker for repairing.^One dollar for half-soling, in basement of^Atlas building. Frank Boeder, proprie^^tor.
Goeast via the Montana Central and^Manitoba railways, the new sleeping and^dining car route to St. Paul and the east.^Through trains leave Helena daily at .: ;
WEAKK ii. Wear, son of K. ii Wear, aired I^years and 7 months, J ily
ruieraito-eay from tue Catholic ch irch at 4 p.^m. Friends are Invitee.
#13U0New cottage on Breckenridge
llodO-Cottageon Lyndale av.imc. be^^tween motor Hue and 8treet car*,^half a block rom Helena avenue.^$1 o^ii i^Dwelling house on Lewis street,^half a block from Helena avenue,^very convenient for railroad men.^$1600^ New dwelling on Kighth avenue,^between Idaho and Dakota avenues,^and KKi feet from motor line.^flt's^^ Handtsonie cottage on Alta street,^201) feet aouth of Broadway, in Val^^ley View addition*, lot 38x100, ele^^gant location.^$1600- New cottage ou Madison avenue,^two blocks from motor line, conve^^nient for Montana Cent ral R K. men.^Earn of t'.e foreg-diu: hoaset Is f lther just com^^pleted nr approacbiair completion, aarh coa^^lmine 4 rooms 2 close's, pantry. reil^r. clfy^watfr. picket fenraa, good oathalldlrigv, good^lots. They are hnllt from tLs beet materlale by^skilled workmen, are excellently arranged ana^attractive. Tbe terms on each are %%w d ^wa^^and J^i i er month.
Handsomenew dwelling on Mtdison av^^enue, two blocks north of motor line,^containing six rooms, two closets,^pantry, cellar, city water, good out^^buildings, tine lot and excellent lo^^cation. $300 down and $30 monthly
$100Each for four lots 3oxloo in Hewins^addition. $25 down $12.5o per mo.
$400each for two corner lots, 50x140. in^N. P. addition No. 1. $100 down, $25^monthly.
$15Four rooms cor. 6th ave. Hoback -t.
$205-room hou^e, Broadway.
$35-New house, Jefferson st, bath, hot
andcold water.^$35^IOC) feet on Helena avenue, ten
years,privilege to renew.^$45^ 10-room brick, Kwing street.^$15^Half double honre, Benton avenue.^$:^o 6-room brirk, bath room, central.^Kire, life and accideDt insurance.^Mone) to loan at 10 per rent.
MATHESON^ STEELE,^North Main Street.
CommencingJuly 21st, extended its^service over the Montana Central to^Kutte, thus completing a through ex^^press service from New York. Boston and^all the principal cities in the Eastern^States, as well as the prominent eiti^s of^St. Louis, Chicago, Omaha, Kansas City,^St. Paul and Minneapolis, unequalled fa^^cilities, fast special express trains be^^tween N w York and Chicago, and the^fast mail train between Chicago and St.^Paul, will enable this company to de^^liver eastern express matter in advance^of all other lines. American Kxprees Co.^Money Orders for sale at all offices of^the company and payable at upwards of^ten thousand places in the t inted States.^Canada, and Kurope.
Yourpatronage is respectfully solicit^^ed. Offce, with Montana Central railway^company.
$m .^ ^ ^ buys a ledge of hematite iron,^fluxing, lime stone and water right,^three-quarters of a mile from railroad.
s-- ^ buys tl' ^ acres of fenced land, and^ail appurtenances for sheep-growing^business, with right of the oldest^and best range in Montana, twenty^five by sixteen miles in extent. Also.if^wanted. 3.500 head of sheep at $2 50^will go with the range. Wood, water,^grass and shelter plentiful.
$1,100buys an undivided four-sixths in^^terest in 320 acres of coal land by a^railroad near Butte, containing three^distinct \ein^ of good coal, respect^^ively 2 feet. 4 feet and 12 feet in thick-^HsflsMk
Also,fine building propositions in the
businesscenter of Butte.^For sale by
62E Broadway. Butte. M T.^A nr^*1 Meeting.
Thetaanal r^Major Hw** OoM
aavaaaafwatt**, atto'clork p m^oioBOS M. WBITILIT, I
AFew Qre.-.t Barga ns
Selegant two-etory i.rtrk^flolened Inside axe.
.haadsomslv^with pleaty of
cloeete.(*. Uvlag trees, nice yard, lartre auh^outr ulldinae, la a choice oraer lot bats feet^and aue^ In the rear Has been held at $5,3110, bat^moat be sold, and will be sacrificed at only fi.yiu
0.0 o ii i WILL BUY aa exoauaat sLx-rooni^O ^ ^^'-J house taearly new) sad lot la ax^cUrat nelghriorbood. Very easy terms
01.)-.i k S1.4so and ai.coo pays tor aloe, well^QlLw bout, cvmrortabU, new Urea, lonr^aud six-room bouses, with St feet lots. Basy^terms
i1 I Ki if^l WILL BTY a floe, central bnsl^Vl't'JUU nea* locaUoa, worth $lT,no.^BU Barraln
S-'-}'Tf\f\ WILL BLY aa exreUeat asvan-^. ^ ^ i t ^v^ room dwelling. In central location,^nice yard, and large stable and outoulldlnga.
lV'-'Rthese and other bargains, call oa^P^ r. CI MMIN8,
Rooms1 and 2, Union Block.
kma' HINT FUR SALB-Mnst be sold^soon. Cornsr Main and Bridge streets.
bjh salb A falrlv-weU established weekly^newspaper In a prosperous county seat ^ f^one of the Mat counties of Montana. Address^Newspa. er, this office.
fj'oB HA LB^Near black-^ slaughter house
P300,uou choice brick, to to $6:^u W. L^Keller.
jX)KSALE^106 feet front at M Pine streev^7 Inqnlrs on premise* or 15 Edwards street.
LUpaiiers tor sale at this office
HUUbEsnd Lou for sale. A Brttk House^of eight rooms, corner of Rodney an-1^Bridge sts . TsxH6 feet, 1* One shade trees, also H^feet adjoining same fronting on Bridge St - also^IM feet fronting on hodney st. and U feet deep.^' ippoalte new re^le.euce of A. It. i iarke
P. STOUT, Agent,^VU South Rodney st.
Advertisementsunder this nead will be In.^sertedthrwe times free of charge.
ANTED-SltaanonIn family, sawing cr^dreesmaklng. Address C. H., this office.
ANTEDBy a young man. work by the dav.^Address A. B., Independent office'
AlOUNOM AN, just from an eastern college,^wsnts work Itumedlaleiy t an give best of^references as to honesty, truthfulness and ahllity.^Is a go. ^: penman and understands double entry^hook keeping, nelag pick and shovel, and could^do well as salesman. Address Be Independent^office
ANTEDSituation in a grocery store: good^penmsa, fair book-keeper. Industrious ard^temperats, with some sxperlence. No ohjertlon^to going out of town. Addrase XXX, Independ^-^ut office.
ANTED^A position as clerk in store or office^by a young m*n; good penman aad account^Address B^ Box 4t^7, Helena, M. r.
IE/ANTEDsituation In printing office by a^vv young man ot *0, ^uo wishes to complete^learning printer's ^rade. uu years .xperlence^.1. N. Johnson, Marysvule, Mont
\E7ANTBD-Sttua.tlonby harkee(*r, from the^^v vsat. with references. A. B, Independent^office.
,)(iUOD PA1^T3HS would like to take a job^^i painting in the country. Address Palmers,^thle office.
VV*ANTED ^Position by exi^rlenc*d hook^W keeper and office man. A1 references. Ad^dress II. McBrier, care ^Independent.
.SITUATIONSwanted-By man and wife on^j stock ranch. Addreee w. p., ibis office.
ANTEDWork by day.^dependent offic^.
AddressI. T. In-
WAMFDA posiu. u as chambermaid^e.^coad work In pot ate tamUy. Address^11, 1 ndependent office.
ANO1 COOK wishes a position in hotel, r^taurant or cam p, or wlil take second In
t'OedLuuse. Adi.ress K, this office
vNOKWEUI iN wants asltuatlon as deik^-*~\_ In store or somewhat like, speaks Bng^ilsn an J Oerman and am acquainted with the^ocaadlauvtarie In this city. Address 737 Filth
ANTKDImmtvllaUeij, mt 7-i3 Brumdwrny, ^^fflri for cook and boaaework; two Jn family.
UrANTJCDA middle atevd woman aa hoaee^keeper on a ranch, three ml]**- from Jtlv^A child not objected to. Adar%a^ Box lt^^,^Mlaeoula, Montana
ANTED 10 good bona* Bins. Capital Em^ploj ment office, -eJ Lawrence street.
CiHANDLER wants girls for Basin, Marysviile,^/ Pbillpsburg: woman cook, $4o and fare, tea^girie for city, %i^ to J :..
ANTEDAn elevator boy. Bnuulre John^W. Thompson, room Xi, Pittsburg b ock.
ijMlISDER Immediately by Inter-Moan^tain eubllshlng Co , Butte.
CIA PITA L E.VIP. OYMENT OFFICE^Girls^/ tor places and places for girl at -1- Law^r in e street Mrs. L B. Lymaa.
ForRent^Dwellings, Basinoaa Places ,Eto
FORRENT^A four room sou's, barn, etc., a^few minute* walk from postofflce In^abulre at Sunbeam Photograph Gallery.
T-OREJ^T^The new tenement flat corner rllxtb^avenne at d Davis street, six roams each,^fltted with all conveniences and hot and cold^water, t. has btabern, sixth avenue and Davis
fjXIRRENT^Storerooms In Pean block, also^1 storerooms and offices In Pittsburgh, block.^Inquire of John W. Thompson, m a It, Pitts^b .rgh M.^k
Booms-Famishedand Qnfaniisbed.
r/OR KENT^An elegantly furnished room In^XI a desirable locality. Address M. D-. Ule
'iHI PACIFIC or Lenoir tinose gleam beat,^_L elegant rooms; So, 75, tl. s^lta tl.50 per day.^^ o disreputable characters allowed.
ARYEYHOUSE, Grand street, new and^elegantly furnished rooms, single or In anile
Lostand Fonnd.
{'OUNIi A black pilot doth evercoat.^to W U. Orr. 107 Fifth avena*.
UNO-A banch of kej^. Owner can bava^them by applyiog at thla office.
TjMJl'NI)Pair Bpectaciee Owner call at I'onj^Jj aaioon next to Fred Lehman ^a.
|OST -A pointer dop, white with exception of^I a liver colored IpsC on aide and bead An^^ were to name of Ban go. A reward of $45 will^he paid noon oe 11 very to D. Flowerrew.
DOVOL* K'-OW the F07 Bteter* don't aell^whi- ky any more, bat do eell clgara ana^tobacco, at No. 16 hrldk*** ftreet
OKTHTOF PATRON AGE-The Foy Me^^ters^ Cigar and Candy store. No. 1*^ Bridge
WAN1 ED^sx^me respectable family to adopt a^baby boy For lnt^ tmaMon and parUcul .rs^address in care of P O Box MS7. city.
WANTEDA few tb^ oaand good stork and^mutton sheep. Aiawwr, w.th lowest price^aad where can be seen. Indeperde^t office. A.* i^l.oan tone good bay for sale near Blsniais-k, Dak^Answer, with beet ft r oa track at Basssarck, A.^1. , care of Independent.
IFMrs J una Lee Garcelna, believed to he some^^where In Montana, will adoreee N. U. Uemlup,^^04 M. k Fifth street, Minneapolis, Minn, the^will learn somsthlng to ber pecoclary advantage.
/ANTED^A law lively bo wlers at owsnd^Carlson's to stir up the customers.
AFhENCHLADT, lately crime from Pari*,^aswires to give lessons in French language.^Apply at ibis office.
\fONET LOANED by i. M. Johnson at^Lockey s office oa furniture, piano*,^norsee, wagons, and any property of value with-^uut ran: oval from owner a ;
STRAYEDfrom my ranch, near Towasend, a^spaa of horses, one black and on* bay. The^animals weigh about l,*an each, i he black Is^Nranded T. I on left hip: tbe bay Is branded r J.^oa left r boulder A reward of ^sj will be paid for^the return of the animals to Townsend.
sawreal 'state,^Id ward
MOSEYTO LOAN upon^upon raasonahie
Applyto Ed^Thorn;.eon block.
ARGEamounts of money to loan oa Improved^aad aalmproved city real as taws saw* sat^^ at low rate*. CMliasu..^real estate assent
.,this office.
rnisas ^ aad 7, Askby ballduig
IOAR* oa bnpnerwc real^Li or Interest ]
taat low raw
folka omits.
SanFrancisco Bakery
FormerlyM. REIN ICS.^Firs. Class Quality
Bread,Cakes and Pies
Toany part of the city on^No. 1(6 Brldffe street, 01
Ub,mifa,Sands Bros
AGKNTSfor Bradford, Brooke. Ame*.^BelleTue and Highland Park addi^^tions.
COLLEGEPLACE.^Now is the time to^V buy acres at the College. Motor^line to be built to this tract at once.
yKYMKK PARK.^Lots close to new ho-^s' tel cheap.
ASMALLpayment down and $25 per^month will buy a fine residence^near Motor line. Water and ail coe-^^enieuces.
YEWTRACT near Broadwater hotel^soon to be offered. Lots caeap.^Profits assured.
UORRENT^An elegant new building^1 suitable for a hotel.
Choicenew brick on Ninth ave^^nue.
$3.2iif^Elegant new five-room frame ou^Eighth avenue. Complete in every re^^spect.
$3,KUChoice five-room, neat design, on^motor line and Eighth avenue.
$3,UK A modern home, complete, with^closets, pantry aud outhouses. Eighth^avenue.
$12,000The old Merchant* National^Bank building. Can give possession^iu about 30days,as their new building^will be completed about that time.^This propert- will rent readily for^$17.r^ to $2(^i per month.
$11,5^^ Pelican Saloon building and^ground* on easy terms.
$26,000-Property belonging to Poller^estate; on Main and Clore Mtreets, now^rents for $370 per month.
$4,200Choice residence on Warren^ctreet, ^ix rooms, lot i'.J'jilll feet.
$2,700For lots L 2, 3, 4, in block u,^\ alley \ iew addit on on Rroadway.^This ia the only choice residence site^in this locality.
$450-For lot 13, block 57, Northern Pa^^cific No. L
$7,0^^ For elegant ranch, 24*I acres,^four niilesi from Missoula, with roo^1^water right and buildings, about fifty^head milch cows an4 100 acres good^saw mill timber.
Wehave choice lnts in all the addi^^tions at lowest figures and best terms.^Houses from $150 to $10,^*Ti^. The larg^^est list of selected residences in the city,^at your own terms. Will trade cattls or^horse* ft r city property.
T.CRAHAN ^. CO,,^Thompson Block, Room 10. opposite^Crand Central Hotel.
White,Johnstone ^ Co.,^Real Estate.
Rooms5 and *'^, I'nion Block.
50Feet Beet Main Street Property, $500^per foot.
100Feet Main Street Property, $10,000.^144 Feet, corner Lyndale avenue and
Mainstreet. $7,500.^50 Feet Main Street Property, $2,750^50 Feet on Tenth avenue, near Warren,
verycheap.^125 Feet. Montana Avenue Addition,
Broadwayfrontage. $2,000.^Lots in Grand Avenue addition, at foot
ofMain street, at $51H^A fine corner in Bassett's addition. $'J00.^Flower Garden addition lots at $350.^Broadwater addition lots at $235.^Syndicate addition lots at $250.^400 Feet in Northern Pacific Second ad^^dition, $2,000.^Lots in all additions.^Residences, from $X00 to $15,000.^Ranches for sale or exchange for Helena
property.Lots in N. P. Firet addition. |M^A 3-story brick hotel, now renting for
$2.7i' per annum, for sale cheap.^House* for sale on the monthly iuntall-
Moneyto Loan!
InSums to Suit on From Six^Months to Five Years Time^on Real Estate Security.
Moneyon Hand. No Delay,^Cash Paid for Real Estate^Mortgages, by
W.H. Clark ^. Son, Oe-n. Agt's
GuarantyLoan Co.
Boar*of Trade Room, Pittsburg Block, tie^CHAS s. BLT'MOB, Aceat at Bolts ^itj,
RealEstate, Mortgage Loan and Insur^^ance Age. te. Rooms 20 and 21 Gold^Block, Telephone 888. P. 0.^Box 144.^OFFER FOR SALE:
Choice^ H) and OnbarUaa 1 ru; -rt). Improved^aad aolmprt.Tsd.
AcreTracts, ripe lor subdivision aad Iman
Mostcomplete and largest list of real estate of^ear firm ia the business
Barealnsin all the Additions at lowest figure*^aad on loosest time
lioo.onoto loan In sums to suit, at loi
CaUand b* eoBTlMd.
Andererything In the Concrete) line by^the Hot or Cold ~
Allwork guaranteed,
BaawdsBBea,US M-~*-^* avenne.^P. 0. Baa SM, HELENA, MOOT.
GreatClosing Sale Now in the Zenith of all^its G-lory. Below we puote a few of our many^bargains:
Coator value i- not considered in this^department, aa we are deter mined to^dispose of every garment, even If we lose^25 per cent, on each one.
Allour fco Jackets reduced to #2.^^ each^All our $^ Jacket^ rt^il'icfd to #1 tin each^All our #If^ Jackets reduced to ^^ ..^' each^All our #13 Jackets reduced t^^ ^^ .^vacti^Ladlee* and Misses' Blouses,^Hisses Lawn Tennis Blouses, the latest^thing out.
Reducedfrom #3.75 to #2 ^w each.^Ladies' Blouse Waiste
Reducedfrom $5.50 to $3.75 each.^Ladies' Blouse Waists
Reducedfrom *3.5^T to #2 20 each
Allour |M Newmarkets now ^5 each.^All our Ml Newmarkets now *7 rtO each.^All our $U Newmarkets now 70 each.^All our #15 Newmarkets now $10.20 each.
Ladies'Whit^ Wrappers
Reducedfrom $3. to #1.H5 each.^Ladies Figured Challie Wrippera, ele-^gautly trimmed.
Reducedfrom $10 to #^^ 50 each.^Ladies' Figured Challie Wrappers, extra^fine quality, beautifully trimmed.
Reducedfrom #20 to #11.50 each.
VerySerious, Indeed!
Itis a question of money with ninety nine in a hundred what^clothes they shall wear. You are not*a sure judge of Clothing^^nobody is. Th* best judges do not j.retend to be. Nobody can^be. really, wbo is not in the active Clothing trade Why, then,^is it a question of money;^take it all in all. to you that make it^so^for ninety-nine in a hundred don't go wrong in a question of^money. We venture to assert that our Clothing is less costly^and more reliable than many others. That is, take it steadily^week in and week out. We call attention to the veiy big fact,^however, that low prices are nothing unless joined to reliability^and quality. It is by this union of reliability and quality that^our name has received its meaning and following in trade. Our^title to your patronage is simple. We clothe you better. W^^charge you less.
CornerMain and Broadway.
MontanaPacking and Provision Co.
Packers,Curers and Smokers of
Dealersin Reliable Brands of Packing Home Products and Lard
Allm*ats of our special r\ cure are packed in^Montana and have the enclosed in a diamond^brand plainly burned I into the skin.
TheTrustees of the Montana Wesley*n University having sub^^divided certain portions of their very desiiable lands, the same^are now offered for sale at jeaboriable rates and on terms conve^^nient to the purchasers. Th*- trustees, however, reserve the^right to advance th^ price without MCbM
Theproximity of these lots to the great school renders them^esp-cially desiiable as investments, and now is a proiier time for^persons to secure ,'ots on which they can build when they shall^have children large enough to need the higher education therein^to be obtained. The situa'ion is in every MMl desirable, in^the midst of a thriving, moral, intelligent and industrious com^^munity.
F r particulars, call upon or address the agent, Rrsv. R. E.^SMITH, who will take pl- asnif in exhibiting the attractions of^this new and promising subnrb of our Capital City, and auswer-^ing all question* ^ oncoming pri^jga terms of sale, etc.. etc.
Wehave received a car of the
Celebrated Silurian - Waukesha-
InHalf Ban els. Ten Gallon Galvanized Iron Cans, Half Gallon
Bottles,Quart Bottles Carboneted, Pint Bottles Carbonated.
Wewill sell at same p ices as the Spring t 'oinpariy quote, ac^tual fre ght added.
BACHsCORYCO., WholesaleGrocers^THE ATLAS,
ATlAtl t*I f^\C^YC BXTRAXCK ON JACKSON 8TRK8T;^^\ 1 JL, t\ Zj IJ 1 - KJ ^ IX , Also, fbom MAIN STRKKT.
TheMost Elegant Lunches in the City.^MILWAUKEE BEER ON TAP.
FurnishYour Houses
Saddles, Side Saddles,
Iitrht and Heaw Harness,
Bit*.Spurn, Quirt*. Whip*, LaabM, Blankets, Sheets, ImsUra, Slicker*, d^^^8ws^t Collar*. Horse Boot* aad all other a-ooda usually kept In a first-HaasThlv^aa. store. Hand made driving harness a specialty. uar'^Opposite Grand Central Hotel. Main St., Helena, H T
U.S.Public Sampling Co.
Samplesand Assays Made of all Ores.
Samplesof each lot Submitted to the Different Smelters
ConsitrnmentsSolicited^~ie Different ~^*nd tht Ore Sold to the Highest Bidder
OommarclaiPrm^Show H
VOL 30--NO -2(
St. Loris Bloci^MAIN 8TRKKT.
Itis useless for any I^who has been in our su7^the last month, to say^how's biz 5^ If they wei^blind they cou'd see ^^}^^good.^ Why was it goo^^us when every clothing I^Helena has been an active^her of the ^kickers ciu!^.
Why, s:.mply Iniau-.^showed about as May^as all the other aoaaei^bined. And when a mail^that he did not want to wl^whole yeai for the merj^tailor, in cas^- he need^-d ;i^mer suit, he put a douhl^and calls on us. sees j ^^well mads*, junt a-* good t\^and much more MjlisJi^meiils, and a* a natural ^^queuce buys his suit and^us busy.
Didyou ever hear aboui^clearing sales '. We I. w^^about to start one, pretty .^and you can ^afely gamble'^what little fur is left on^hides of some of our moss h{^will fly when they se^prices we quote. Among f J^we will mention some of^sjiecialiies.
Don'tyou call to mind^pretty line of Irish tweeds.]^' production of Hill ^ Boa)^Dnblin I We had them in^colors^gray and brown Tl^were ab .ut as universally^mirrd as anything we ha'v.^fered this } ear, but many if^pie thought they were hi]^but they were not. The trod^was, they were not appre( iatf^but it makes BO difference^knife goes into them ju-t^same, arid the conseqasSBCe]^from this day the $-J-2^scratched and $17 appears.
But we have plenty oil^plums for those to eat who h:^money to buy. The expr*^has brought in 200 suits, su|^mer weights, that were m^chased at 05 cents on tat)^and they go for the Ktme pj^centage. Many of these 1^^came in our first puichases ,i
2KNow none of them ;i^marked over H '. and allhou^it is a rank shame, we have^s^m^* of them out at *lo. \ .^can borrow money at.r^per cet^a month to pay for your ne^summer's suit and s* ill^ahead on nearly any of the^lots.
You'venot heard of any stir,^strokes this year, have your J^^you know the Kaaoa I We ca^tell yon. We have had no at^weather; for the same reaso^we have sold but few of ou^Bummer spe^ iallies in coats an^vests.
Now,if there is anything v^^pride ourselves on, it is selecth^of these goods. Just take^look at our north window. Yoi^will seethe prettiest assortmeo
tonever saw in your life. Mo^airs, crepes, jiongee serges an^^-VJ:b; th^ variety is great and^assortment astounding; ptiOM^3o per cent, lower than they^would be if the BsaatMi had bssi^propitious. We have s^ersin k-^ers at $1, coat and vest. \\\^have etrii^e and ^ ro-s bar liss-^tres at $5, which our competi^^tors hold at *7. We have in^the finer grades, goods that can^^not be purchased outside of our^house for love nor money. As^we say, the greatest variety, the^grea est profusion ever offered^to a Montana public.
Infact, all our lines are re^^markably low in furnishing^goods. In Hats, in Shoes, all^as cheap as consistent with good^grades and best workmanship.^A cleaver has been at the dis
Eosalof over 3^K^ doz-n hand^erchiefs at 12 1 2 cents each-^pretty things they were, too,^and neaily all gone.
Libenvests at $1 each: last^year's goods at OB.60. Night^robes, embroidered and plain:^in fact anything you want to^make yourself a second Adonis^you can buy,
St.Louis Block, Main St,
HELENA,M. T.^N. B.^Out of town orders^will receive our best attention.^Goods sent on approval to any^part of the territory. Price list^and rules for self measurement^mailed free on application.
FRITKFOB TKBMS. City office with Hklkna Cab CoMPAJrr
jBABaMQ, Tin lM^f LiJM WaS.

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