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- I.'. _______~__~_______ __ VOL XXXII..-NO 77. HELENA. MONTANA. MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 20 1891 RC FV IT WEALTH BUT NOT HEALTH Financial Giants Who Suffer as Much As the Ordinary Mortals. Collie P. Huntington Not as Strong as His Appearance Would Indloate. The Great Viking of Finance Troubled With a Chronie Throat Afleetlon Plierpont Morgan's Vertigo. Naw Yoga, April 19.-18peoial.]-Seem ingly as sturdy as an ancient Norseman, in spite of his seventy years, that Viking of finance, Collis P. Huntington, still skims the monetary seas seeking new conquests in the realm of gold. Will efforts really be made to unify the whole Southwestern sys tem and the Gould and Huntington inter ests? How would it work when Texas is reached, seesig how largely Mr. Hunting ton is interested in the Southern Pacific and the carrying of freight by way of Gal veeton or by way of the Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwestern and the Chesapeake & Ohio to Newport News? As soon as they cross the Mississippi river Jay Gould and Collis P. Huntington compete to a greater or less extent in business. It becomes a con test between two modern railroad Ti tans. The Southern Pacific comprehends fully six thousand miles of railroad within its system and Mr. Huntington unquestion ably is still largely interested in its securi ties. He undoubtedly sold a big block of his stook in the Chesapeake & Ohio to Drexel, Morgan & Co., who now act as the transfer agents in New York, but he squelched Leland Stanford and is king of Southern Pacifio, a man who can cross swords with Jay Gould to some purpose. But speaking of Mr. Huntington and Mr. Gould and remembering what dire pre dictions concerning the health of Mr. Gould have recently been so freely in dulged in, it is of interest to notice, in spite of an appearance of sturdiness, Mr. Hunt ,ington's health is deolared to be bad. He is troubled with a chronic affection of the throat. He has a glass containing a potash solution constantly at hand, and after speaking a few moments in ordinary con versation he gargled his throat many times during the day. He presents a picture of an old man worth thirty or forty million dollars, a railroad czar over a vast stretch of territory, who would probably be willing to part with half of it for a son, yet child less as Leland Stanford is and as A. T. Stewart was; a man of not a few genial traits, a lover of pictures and the owner of one, the figure of a beautiful child, which he looks at every morning as he might at a child of flesh and blood because this painted suggestion, this thing of oil and canvas, seems to say to the childless millionaire: "Good morning, sir. I am very glad to see you." Stern in business, rapacious aitt William the Conqueror in railroad invasion, wherever it is possible the man has his brighter side. Very inaccessible, when he is once reached in his office in the Mills building he is geniality itself, though of course it would be unsafe to presume upon this. He and his wife are very charitable. He spends large sums annuallly in bene factions of all sorts. He is a great lover of pictures and has a fine collection. He is very dramatic in his tastes. His name is sometimes associated with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe's railroad, but he does not worry himself much about it, though he says he owns "20,000 or 30,000 shares." Mr. Huntington has always shown great shrewdness in railroad affairs. The fore sight, the energy, the courage with which he pushed through the original scheme for a trans-continental railroad when it seemed almost quixotic, revealed a statesmanlike cast of mind. But as Achilles was vulner able in his heel so C. P. Huntington has his weak point and that is in the publishing of newspapers. He says he sunk $600,000 in publishing the ill-fated Star. Mr. Hunt ington's annual income has been estimated at all the way from $2,000,000 to $4,000,000. but publishing an unprofitable newspaper will make a big hole in even such colossal emoluments. Another "Red Rover" of finance is J. Pierpont Morgan, of Drexel, Morgan & Co., who is in London to consult with J. S. Morgan, who has been requested to take a hand in settling the Argentine muddle. If the two decide to embark in the under taking it will mean big commissions, for these men do not work for nothing. Sam uel J. Tilden once received $50,000 for drawing up a railroad mortgage that was nothing to what financiers like Pierpont Morgan want for financial services. Like Mr. Gould and Mr. Huntington, Mr. Pier pout Morgan is reported to be in poor health. He suffers from vertigo, and one night last fall he fell in a dead faint at the Union League club, and had to be taken to his country seat on the Hudson, to recu parate. He is also troubled with erysip eralas, and this gives a rubicund look to his face, especially his nose, which is some what famous in Wall street, ana concern ing which he is repoeted to have remarked: "That nose cost me $,00,000, and it was all Burgundy." THE DEATH ROLL. Rear Admiral Alfred Taylor Succumbs to the (irip. WAsUTNOTOx, April 19.-Rear Admiral Alfred Taylor, U. S. N., retired, died this afternoon from pnoumonia and acute bronchitis, following an attack of the grip. He was born in Fairfax county, Virginia, in 1810. He reached the grade of lieutenant in 1837, and in the Mexican war, during the blockade of Vera Cruz and other naval op erations along the Mexico coast, he served with the frigate CumLerland. He was on duty in the steamer Mississippi with Com mander Perry's expedition to Japan in 1854-55. Two of his sons hold commissions in the army, and the third lives in New York city. Julohn Thompson Dead. Naw Yoni. April 19.-John Thompson, founder of the Thompson ]Bank Note Ro porter and also of the First National and Chase National banks of this city, died to day. Justice Thomas Corlett. BuFyALo, April 19.-Justice Thomas Cor lett, of the supreme court, died to-night in this city. The Montana (lab House. The members of the Montana club are congratulating each other over the bright prospects of soon having a club house. The success in raising nearly the entire sum re quired on Saturday evening was very grati fying. To-day the committee will probably secure the balance. It was thoroughly dem onatrated that the club house would be a profltabie investment in every way. The building will be pushed rapidly foreard after the ground is broken and In a short time the m utmbers will be provided with one of the handsomest club homes west of the Msluislipi river. , QUIET. The Presiden iI Party Allowed to I dt nAaday. GAvsexon, April 19.-The presidential party enjoyed a much needed rest to-day. While the people were desirous of showing every honor and attention to the chief magistrate, they respected his request to be allowed to pass the day in quiet and abandoned several demonstrations reserved for to-day. He, as well as other members of the party, are loud in their praises of the unbounded hospitality of the people of Texas.. It is the fres time that the chief magistrate of the nation has ever visited the state in his official capacite, but if President Harrison isanythingof a prophet and his successors are at all moved by his pleasant experience here, it will never be overlooked in that respect in the future. A noteworthy feature of the grand demon stration was the cordial welcome given the president by the Italian colony. All of their local societies particinated in the par ade, acting as special escort to the Italian consul at Galveston, and a .entlemen ao4r wards, on their behalf presented the presi dent with a beautiful iforal design symbl.pt of peace and fraternity the Aaerionlasal Italian flags crossed at the top df the giepi with a floral dove between tblm, The president, accompanied by Postpias ter-General Wpnamaker, attended divife services this morning at the First Presby terian church, In the afternoon the pre4t dent went out for walk a with Mrs. Dimm._k and Mrs. Russell Harrison. Seoretary Husk having accomplished the business that brought him to Texas has concluded to remain with the president during the remainder of the trip. General Stanley, commanding the department of Texas. joined the presidential party at Galveston and accompanied it to San Antonio for the purpose of explaining the military situation along the Mexican border. After the reception last night, in respond ing to the formal welcome, the president, referring to reciprocity, said: "We are great enough and rich enough to reach for ward to grander conceptions than have en tered the mnindq of some of our statesmen in the past. If you are content, I am not, that the nations of Europe shall absorb nearly the entire commer.e of near sister republics that lie south of us. It is natur ally in a large measure ours; ours by neigh borhood, ours by nearness of access, ours by that sympathy that binds a hemisphere without a king. (Cheers.) The bill passed at the last session looking to reciprocity of trade, not only met with my official ap proval when I signed it, but with my zeal ous promotion before the bill was reported. (Prolorged cheering.) I think with out disclosing executive secrets that an arrangement with Brazil cannot fail, through the efforts of wide awake Ameri cans, to result in lasting benefit to the United States as a whole. Others will fol low." IThe president referred to the neces sity of having American goods car:ried in American ships and said the government had been so penurious in dealing with its ships that it had actually made money out of carrying foreign mails. It was now pro posed to change this policy and make more liberal contracts with American lines. Off For San Antonio. GALVESTON, April 20.-Shortly after mid night the presidential party left for ban Antonio. TIIE LINE FURTHER SOUTH. Cattle Men S.puwe a Change in the Texas #ever uarantline. WASHINGTON, April 19.-An earnest effort is making on the part of cattlemen from the far west to have the Texas fever cattle quarantine line established by the agri cultural department for the great cattle raising states of Wyoming, Montana and Colorado moved further south and made to conform with the quarantine line fixed up on by those states for their own protection befo:e the national government quarantine line was established. 5enator Carey, of Wyoming. presented the matter fully to the agricultural department, and it is orob able it will be fixed as desired. The de partment has communicated with Secretary husk on the subject, and the secretary thinks the department can so far modify its instructions as to permit cattle to be shipped into the states of Colorado. Wy oming and Montana from as far south as heretofore, provided these states give sat isfactory assurance that no cattle shipped into them shall be sent out of the states befo.e the first of December. The effect of the order of the agricultural department in moving further north the quarantine line established by the states was to work a serious hardship on large numbers of men having cattle between the line decided on by the national government and that which the experiesce of the states named had found to be safe. Secretary Rusk Consents. GALVESTON, Anril 19.-Senators Teller, Squire and other gentlemen from the west ern and northwestern cattle states had a long and satisfactory conference with Sec retary husk to-day in regard to the ship ment of cattle to the states named during the summer months. Secretary husk in formed them that the present order in re gard to that matter would be changed to suit their wishes, provided cattle so shipped would not be reshipped south before the first of December next. TI[EY WILL STRIKE TO-DAY. World's Fair Laborers to losist on Shorter 1Iours and More Pay Cmcano, April 19,--At a meeting of near ly 600 World's fair laborers to-day resolu tions were adopted that if their demands were not acceded to by noon to-morrow a strike would ensue. To a reporter to night one of the firm employing the laborers said emphatically the reply to their de mands would be in the negative. The men ask eight hours and $1.70 per day, instead of ten hours and $1.50. At a meeting of the Chicago Trades Assembly this after noon it was decided to give the World's fair laborers the moral support of that or ganization, The contractors propose to in voke police protection, and lively times are expected to-morrow at the World's fair grounds. BURIEI) BY BURNING DEBRIS. Mllraculons Escape from Death of Twenty Firesmen in Boston. BosToN, April 19.-A fire occurred early this morning in the Chipman building, a tive-story brick, principally occupied by lailey & Rankin, dealers im carpets. 'the total loss is estimated at $20,000. While the fire was at its height, the roof fell, the debris imprisoning nearly twenty firemen, several of whom escaped without injury. Streams were at once directed to the part of the buildingiwhere the accident occurred, and in a few minutes the dabris cooled sufloliently to permit of the release of the men beneath. Chief Engineer Web her was among those caught, and although bruised and burned, he did not relinquish his command. Chief Reagan was also burned but his injuries are not serious. Capt. Willett was injured about the should ore. Capt. Grifitl was pinned down by heavy timbers, which were sawed apart be he could be released. District Engineer Creswell was pinned dosw nearly an hour. His leg was crushed by a heavy beam, but he was finally rescued. his injuries, though painful, are not fatal. A dozen otLhe fire men were injured, some seriously. HIS CHILO FOR A SHIELD A Father Holds His Boy Up to Ward Off an Assailant's Bullet. The Little One Instantly Killed and the Father Badly Wounded. Story or a Bloody Domnestcl Tragedy WhichbTook PBrae Over In John. son County, Idaho. Bho Aro, Wyo., April 19.-The particu lars, v.y just been received of a terrible: shoot~ig affray in the No Wood country in the 9trin part of this (Johnson) County. The stitf of the affair is as followse JAmes MoD6~uott, a ranohman, lives on the No Wood Hiver. He married a sister to Thomas Maddocr, whose ranch is two or three miles down the stream. Recently there has been trouble between McDermott and his wife and the latter went to her brother's house for protection. For the purpose of effect ing a teconoiliation Madden paid his broth er-in-law a visit and remonstrated with him for ill-treating his wife. This angered McoDermott and he threatened to go down to Madden's and "clean out the whole d-d outfit." Finding his persuasive efforts of no avail, Madden returned home and the next day he saw his brother-in-law coming across the field toward the house. Remembering the threat that had been made by the latter, he buckled on his six shooter and went out to meet him. As soon as the two men were in conversing distance Madden called to McDermott that he was to keep away from the house, since he had made his talk about making trouble. The latter had his three-year-old son in his arms, wrapped in a shawl, and by way of reply he.drew a six-shooter from the folds of the shawl, and without a word of warn ing fired at Madden, the ball, however, missingr its mark. Madden returned the fre, addsiae he shot, his assailant lifted the child upward as a shield and the bullet crashed through its brain. Shots were again exchanged and MoDermott fell with a bullet wound through the right side of his face, while Madden remained uahurt. The mother, whose son had been slain and husband badly injured at the hand of a brother, became frantic with grief. The wounded man was removed to his desolated home and placed under surgical care. Madden gave himself up to the authorities at Bonanza, but not being qualified, they were unable to act in the matter. A deputy sheriff then came to Buffalo to re port the case, and Sheriff Angus. County Attorney Foley and Coroner Egglestoc lefts for the scene to take official action in the matter. IT MAY MEAN BLOODSHED" Evictions of the Coke Strikers WVll Begin To-Day in Pennsylvania. ECOTTDALE, Pa.. April 19.-This was an other busy day in the coke region. Numer ous mass meetings were held and preceed ing the wholesale evictions which are to take place to-morrow, they are taken with significance. With a brass band to stir up their spirits, a meeting of several hundred strikers was held this afternoon at the Summit plant, where the imported foreign' ers have been at work. Every effort was put forth to get the alliance to attend but without avail. To-night there is great ac tivity along the line. The coke companies will make persistent efforts so resume at more of their plants to-morrow, and the labor leaders are out to a man in the hope of defeating the movement. When the eviction movement is inaugurated to morrow it is expected that the same dis tressing scenes of 1881 and 1885 will be re enacted. That many families will resist seems to be the general impression. It was learned to-day that colored workmen would be shipped into the region during the com ing week to take the strikers' places. The imported Italians and negroes will likely bear weapons furnished by the different companies who are trying to break the strike, and carloads of them are expected. To-night the labor leaders say they hope Governor Pattison will come to the region as intended and make a rigid and search ing investigation of affairs. AID OF THE MILITIA. Asked to Protect Life and Property in the Coke Region. UNIONTOWN, Pa., Auril 19.-Outbreaks of rioters at Leisenring, Kyle and Leeth yester day, in which was demonstrated the weak ness of civil authority in the face of such mobs as committed the depredations at these pieces, forced Sheriff McCormick to do what he had done his best to avoid,call on Gov. Pattlson for military aid. The adju tant-general is investigating. Excitement is at high pitch over the prospect of order inn out the militia but it is the universal sentiment that it is the only safe thing to do. One of the most daring and law less acts of the strikers took place at Leeth in the afternoon. In order to disperse a threatening mob there. Deputies Smith and Rice arrested one of them, a young man named John shaffer, and started to bring him to jail. His companions at tacked the deputies, beat them with stones and clubs and resoued Shaffer. Deputy Smith was probably fatally injured. FICKLE WOMAN. The Provoking Cause of a Doublo Tiragedy on Shipboard. New YoaK, April 19.-When the steam ship Eider swung out of her pier in Ho boken this afternoon several of the crew were swabbing up big pools of blood in the steerage. A double tragedy had been en acted there half an hour before. Philip Ohnacker had killed Mrs. Catherine Barth and then sent a bullet crashing through his own weak brain. Two children are left in (Itimany to mourn the death of the woman. She has a husband there too, but it is not likely he will shed tears over her taking off, because she left him and the children to come here with Ohnacker. The suicide was a soldier stationed at the mrines, and yielding to the persistont pleading of the woman came with her to this country, where they lived.as man and wife. They livad on a farm near this city, and tihe woman, tiring of her lover, nelected him in many ways and finally announced her intention of returning home. Ohnaoker tried to change her purpose rand followed her to the dock to renew his pleadings. lie had no money to purchase a tiokei him self. He said she should not go. For reply, she walked aboard the steamsahip and into the steerage. He followed her. 'You shall not leave," he said, "unless we go to gether," and drawing a revolver tired a bul lt into her brain. He instantly turned the weapon on himself and in a moment both lay dead together. THE PANAMA CANAL. Lieot. Wyse's Report on the Future of the Baekrupt )itohl. PAine,, April 19.-The report on the Pan ama canal has been sent to the liquidator of the company, Monohiconrt, by Lieut. Wyse, who has been negotiating with the Colombian government to prolong the con session. The report was apparently pre pared with the object of concealing amid pn eniless maze of words and reiterated ex pressions about sanguine prospect, the potual hopelessness of any further enter prise in that direction. After detailing the negotitiouns, Lieut. Wyse concluded, "If my paccess with Columbia is not to remain barren, the hour has come for as to take immediate and energetic action to save the anpital invested in the work and to save from destruction the vastest project of the bpoch. If the underground maneuvers *gainst which it is time to aim, do not ean. e the pending Alnanclaloombinations to fall, the unfortunate French public will soon receive through the completion of the anal a greater part of the savings so reck essly sqqmidered." Proceeding to make practical suggestions Lieut. Wyse advocatep six locks with a single eartifoinl lake in the center, as the best soume. He estimates the time required to execute the work at dye years and the maximum cost 000,000,000 francs. Monchicourt personally considers that the report offers a favora6le basis for t new financiul operation. The report was issued to-day and the press has had no time as yet to criticise it. France and the Tarlffon Cereals. PAnrs, April 17.-According to a leading Marseilles paper the government,Iin view of the prospective failure of the harvest of wheat and the dearness of bread, will pro pose in the chambers a temporary suspen mion of the tariff on cet.als. That the re pprt is true is improbable, but it is notable as an indication of the diffionlties that are awaiting the government during the tariff debatesm nfqiue of the dimunition of crops. Justice Stephen a Baronet. LoN.oN, April 19.-A baronetcy has been conferred upon Hon. James Fitzjames Stephen; justice of the queen's bench di vision of tihe high court of justice, who retired recently from the bench owing to impaired health. Another Cause of War. ltOMs, April 19.-Signor Imbriani has given notice in the chamber of deputies that he intends to question Premier Rudini in regard to therefosalof Inspector Byrnes. pf New"York city, to accept the decoration sent to hiui by King Humbert. Protesting Against a tintr. BER$LN, April 19.-Denunciations sent to the government protesting against the ring in wheat and rye forcing prices to a floti tions ieight have caused the government to open pn.official inquiry into the matter. asking to Unseat Two Ministers QOTTrAWA. April 19.-Petitions will be filed to-morrow to unseat Sir Adolphe Caron, minister of militia, and Sir Hector Lange viz, minister of public works for corrupt Ge' . Sies Comtng Home. -.i o-F j.l.Exco; April 19.-Gen. Nelson "AM Mies:and party left for Chicago last iightl1iMexico will send the finest speci nienesof, vrtous woods to the Chicago exhi bition. Phylloxera Makes the Price Go Up. FRArsFOaT, April 19.-Crop reports from Hungary say that phylloxera is devastating the vineyards there. The price of Hunga rian wine has risen one-third within a year. A MORE CORDIAL GREETIN(i. Decendants of the ttassachnsetts Sixth Visit Baltimore. BALTIMORE, April 19,-The sixth Massa chusetts light infantry veterans, known as the "Worcester light infantry." lineal de scendants of the Massachusetts sixth, well remembered as the first armed and equipped regiment that marched to the relief of the national capital, arrived here to-day, at the same hour and over the same route trav ersed in 1861. Thirty years ago to-day the sixth Maseaohsetts had a conflict with a mob while passing through the city, losing four men killed and many wounded. The demonstration to-day commemorates the anniversary. The veteraos were met at the railroad station by Grand Army posts, a detachment of the Sons of Veterans and a deputation representing the city officials. Au address of welcome was delivered by Mayor Davidson in a happy vein, assuring the veterans of the profound pleasure with which their visit was received. In the even ing Dushane post entertained the visitors at the Carrollton hotel. THEY CAN WEAR TIGHTS. The Long Skirt B11 One of Those Killed in Minnesota. ST. PAUL, April 19.-Yesterday was the last day in the legislature for passing bills and the session was a long and excited one, adjournment not being taken until seven o'clook this morning. A great number of bills were not acted on. The new usury bill was defeated by inaction and the famous McHale anti-tight bill killed in a like manner. The bill bringing building associations under charge of the bank ex aminer passed late in the night. The house fought all day yesterday over the general appropriation bill, amending it to such an extent that the tax levy bill had to be amended to meet the increased demands for money. Electrocution at Slng Sing. NEw YORK, April 19.--In Sing Sing prison preparatiolls are being made fur two legal killings by electricity. Mlilvaine and Trezzo, both Brooklyn murderess, are ac cording to sentence passed oon i heum, to be executed some day next week by the new electrioal method. Molivaine may escapo this time, but the other is likely to go. lBusiness of hie IaHinks. BosTON, April 19.-The cleanings of the hanks of the priuoipal cities of the United States and Canada for the past week amounted to $1,142,723iii., a decrease of ).5 per cent compared with the correspond ing week of last year. The iRepublican League. CINCINNATI, April 19.-The city is rapidly filling with delegates to the national repab: lican league convention. )eiegations are already here from Nebraska, New York, Minnesota, P'ennsylvania, Illinois, Idaho and Ohio. It is expected that forty states will be represented. lion. John M. 'Thurs ton, of Omaha, president of the league, will arrive itn the morning. Athetle tl (lb Meeting. The club will hold a special meeting this evening at 8 o'clock in the Power block. Among the business to be transacted will be the electionf of ofcers for the ensuing year and to make arrasngements for this season. It is of the utmost importance that a majority of the stockholders should be present. CONGREGATION EMANUEL Dddication Ceremonies of the First Jewish Temple in the Pa cific Northwest. A Handsome Structure Built in Byzantine Style of Mon tana Stone. Addresses of Presentation and Dedication -Lighting of the Perpetual Lamp Over tile Ark. Temple Emanun-El was dedicated yester day afternoon with the interesting and solemn services of the Jewish religion. The exercises commenced at four p. m., hut long before that hour the temple was filled with p9pple of all. reeds, who had come to wit nebs the dediaetion of the first Jewish tem ple of worship erected between St. Paul and Portland. 'The interior pr sented a brill iant scene. Dedication Ceremonies. As the procession entered the well trained choir rendered the Hebrew translation of the twenty-seventh psalm, beginning, "liaise your heads, O ye gates!" Rabbi Sehulman then read the introductory prayer, which was followed by the read ing in Hebrew of the one hundredth psalm. At the conclusion of the Psalm Rabbi Bchulman read from the sacred scriptures, ending as follows: 0, Israel, fear not, for I have redeemed thee. I have celled thee by my name; mine art these, whenever thou passest through the waters, I am with thee, and through the .rivers they shall not over flow thee; whenever thou walkest through the fire thou shall not be scorched, neither shall the flame burn on thee; for 1 am the Lord thy God, the Iloly One of Israel, thy Saviour. Sing S. ye heavens for the Lord hath done it; shout, ye lowest depths of the earth, break forth into singing ye mountains; O forest and every tree therein; for the Lord hath redeemed Jacob, and on Israel will he glorify himself." (I Kings: viii 54 to 61. Isaiah xlii 1 to 9; xliii 1 to 3; xliv 23. In a loud voice the rabbi next intoned "Shem Israel and Echod Elohena," the re sponses being made by the choir, and the singing of Lbcho Adonoi. From his place immediately in front of the ark the rabbi opened the scroll and read the first three verses of Genesis: "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form and voi.; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there ba light; and there was light." As the words were pronounced "Let there be light" the soft i ays reflected through the stained glass windows on each side were intensified by the glow from a number of chandliers, giving to the interior of the temple a rich and brilliant effect of coh1. This scene was heightened.by the ceremony of the lighting of the perpetual lamp, sus pended from the ceiling, and which swings in front of the white and gold colored carved doors of the ark. Du:ing the sing ing of the last two verses of the nymn which followed the scrolls were deposited in the ark and its doors closed. Addresses of Presentation. Miss Josie Israel then steppedtothe right of tle ark and faced Mr. Herman Gane, the president of Congregation Emanu-El, and made the presentation address before de livering to him the key of the temple. She said: The dedication committee has conferred upon me the honor of formally presenting to you, as president, the key of this new temple. It is witt a feeling of pleasure that I stand here now and present to you in behalf of all the Individupl members, men and women, who have ao nobly worked to gether for this long-wished-for object, this symubol of possession, which you are to re ceive in the name of Congrecation Emanu El. I believe I express the silent but earnest wish of all here when I say to you that together with all those of my age who have specially enjoyed the benefits of a regular organized Jewish congregation, we look for ward with joyous anticipation to the les sons in our ancestral faith which we will receive in this new sanctuary. It is my earnest prayer that the feeling of loyalty to our faith, which has been the key to the hearts of all, opening them to liberality and a readiness of sacrifice sufficient to erect this stately building may continue in our midst and that the temple itself may serve as a key, opening our hearts in mutual af fection and co-operation, our minds to the reception of God's truth, our hopes and yearnings toward a life of righteousness. It is with the sentiments echoing the thought of all that 1 herewith give you the key of the temple of the Congregation Emuann-El of Helena, Montana. Upon accepting the key President Gans ascended the steps of the pulpit and res ponded as follows: "My friends,|lsraelitesof Helena, and you ladies and gentlemen, who have shown your friendship by adorning our day of joy with i1ERalN OANS, 'ItKRsII)ENT OF TnE COINOfiIE uATioN. your presece, it is not too much to say that toe joy at this spectacle which metans so much for the promising future of Juda ýon in our city, ought to ilud tooreeloquent w1)1 to procluimt it than mine, Blut the first feeling which ought to be uppermost in our minds, and which therefore needs no Rift of oratory to expoess Itself, is the humble feeling of gratitude to our Father in heaven, who has *kindled in us the desire, and helped us to realize that desire in the edifice, which we dedicate to hiin. Gratitude then to those whose purses have been at our disposal, whose iu terest was ever ready to assist us in our work. Gratitude is due to all in the con gregation, nothing daunted by the di8. culties which at first seemed insurmount able, had nobly determined that they would suooeed atnd have all put their shoulder to the wheel, and have made possible what, considering the limited resources of our osang Jewish community, is no unworthy consummation of their zeal. But above all I consider it my duty as well as deep pleas are to express here our gratitude to our friends who are not of our religious pr suasion but who have not only furthered our purposes materially but have even evinced a magnanimous sympathy with our undertaking and today unite with us in these Joyous and sacred festivities. This event, my friends is iamportant, not only in the history of the religious life of the Israelites of Montana, but it may also be regarded as a sign of the prosperity and the rapidly growing development of the city of whose progress we are all proud, for the growth of the Jewish population to that extent which enabled us to build a temple, is but proportionate to the growth of the resources, energy and wealth of the city in general. It would be mistaking the char acter of the Jewish people to suppose that we have allowed these rmany years to pass without having our ancestral faith repre sented by a fitting building, out of mere indifference. On the contrary, the Jewish heart is ever loyal to the god of the fathers, and no matter how far removed from a re ligious center, the Jewish mind remains firm and strong in its loyalty to the God who, as the motto on our building and as the name of our congregation expresses it, "Emanu-El," God is with us. Our lUmembers were at first few, and it was a sheer impossibility to erect an edifice at all suitable or worthy of the canes nor start out on the road of a systematic religiouns life. How ever, if we had built no temple, we never theless remained true to our inheritance, and always cherished the hope of one day being able to call a man to inst uct us in the lesson of our faith ard erect a temple which should be an honor to ourselves and an ornament to the city we love. But what was it that kept awake the slumbering feel ing of loyalty to Judaism during this long time, the answer is the yearly meetings in our solemn festival, where amidst rude surroundings we turned our hearts in prayer to our God. And in this moment taking possession in the name of the con gregation of this new sanctuary t feel that, thanks are above all due to the men and women who kept alive Jewish feeling. They were the preservers of the Judaism for which, when the community grew sufliciently strong, opportunity could then be given to all to exericise generonaity. Thanks to the meu and women who in our r'abtath school, in our religious services, in our benevolent society, in deeds of loving kindness to the dead as well as guidance by example in religious duties of the living, have upheld the life of Israel in our community. They have done nobly in the past and they will, no doubt, still work in the more promising sphere of the future. But the religioud feeling and the unstinted liberality alone could not complete the work in detail. I think I express the sentiments of the whole congregation when I express our deepfelt iratitude to the gentlemen who have had the special taskof o.rrying out our plans in building this edifice. They have all fulfilled their task faithfully and zealously rind all will agree successfully. And now, after having reviewed the past. and having found some measure of self-congratulation in the work, we look look forward to the future, where all our hopes are centred. We look upon this tem ple and the religious life connected with it as a source of benefilt both to us adults and especially to the rising generation as a means of planting in them the principles of true "iety which produce morality in life and good citizenship. Finally, in ac cepting this temple, I will repeat the prayer of her who has so rracefully expressed it in handing me the *key. let the cor letion of the temple not be considered the corn pletion of our task, but rather the begin ning of a new era of implrovement in Jewish Ii e, of increased fidelity to Israel's faith and a fuller appreciation of our duties. And with the confidence in the growth of our city. let it always inspire us to partake of life all the duties and enterprises which. as Ls raelites, we may be called upon to further, the ideals of Judaism in our conutry, and, indirectly, humanity, which all temples and churches ought to serve. I herewith accept this temple in the name of the congregation Emanu-El of Helena, Mont. A soprano solo was then rendered by Mrs. S. Cohen, with organ accompaniment by Professor Nunvar. tDedication Sermon. The rabbi's sermon of dedication was listened to with rapt attention by the large audience which crowded the temple. En REV. Di,. SAUiEL SCHULMAN. ter ye His gates with thanksgivings, His courts with praise, said the rabbi, is the echo of the psalm which ought to rimn in our ears as the leading mnotive of the niusio to which our souls ought to be tuned in the mnoment of ready jubilation at the triumph of our hopes and our pride. It ought to lie the locompanving undercurrent of thought in this hour of reflection, upon the aims and ideals which this building is but the first and feeble step iin a conscious realiza tion. Thauksgivigl and priase to Hiim is the necessaiy leligious feeling which shall cool the ardor of self-congratulation andl impress the importance of the idea tor which all this work itnas been naugurated nld carlied out. Graltitude is the very soul of the religious lite. 'The feeling of dependence upon the Creator as the source of our energy, of our wisdom. sall the guardian of our success, is the beginning of all highor thought, of deeper insight into the underlying place of things, of all true con ception of the spirit which breathes through the universe aitd builds in our souls tenm ples for itself. To be thankful is to feel our indebtedness, our shortoomings, the chasm which septrates man and his most suncess ful efforts fronl God. "Rejoice, then, in tremibling." In the emotion of thankfulness to Hint who has giveni os as individuals life and hiesth and strength, and ability to rise for a brief interval to the oonouption of our duty, we forgot our petty selves and cease to admire our meagre achievements, and thus are tilled with religious awe at the thought of our audacity to consider it some. thing extraordinary to have erected a tem ple to Him to whom no house can be built, whom no place can hold, whose throne are tIhe heavens, and whose footstool the earth. Noble were the sacrifices made, beautiful the picture of the triumph over the differences of opinion; splendid the enthusiasm and energy displayed in the persistency with which the work has been carried on to its completion on this festive day; praiseworthy the liberal support we have received on all sides and prophetic of the genuine human ity destined to conquer the world and regu late the affairs of men, is that spirit of u. feigned joy revealed iu all of asi assembled. And yet how like drop:o , water in the ocean, and how like fgralnmata of the grand whole, how like thet.ebli efforts of childish endeavor are all these compared with the holiness, the beauty, th glory, the love of Hinm to whom this templo has bean erected as a syhbol of our wo#. Cetleaned te Ilghth Page.