Newspaper Page Text
INN E PENT
t. th 3k o! aotsber uals.. h4v *ook. 1 bemL or ae prole to %. e I mpbdns t Pub tA e anM poean eotb. ,to MLar prmpt IaWiotln Ias bfd Sp o7. S, adisnguns on1una set ree mtrbal 0n a lyu ldint Sunday] p year. 8.....* $1000 i lSunday] all months. .. b00 pl amhSunday] three months... 200 ily etoloindIn Sunday] per month...... 75 aa enly in advarnoeal per year......... 50 sYeekly (in advance only] per year......... 00 S)aLy by carrier, per week. avaon eaes) .. 2 LENA, MO NT., MAY 12. 1891. gWMmontanianC abroad will always ad Tean Poxt INanPNSNDWN on fie at their favorite otlsL: Fifth Avenue and letropoiitan. Now ][rht Dhet Mianeapolir. Baldwin and Palace, Sa FPenelmsoo; MoDermott, Butte; Lelanud Hotel, Srplanmeld. Ill. JANUARY IMMIGRATION. The recent revelation of Sicilian law lessness in New Orleans has done much lp epen the eyes of our citizens to the aundesirable character of the immigration that within recent years has been coming to our shores. In good time there comes -iom the state department the govern ment report of F. L. Dingley to confirm the suspicions already entertained. Be yond the shadow of a doubt the-com pilation proves that the growth of our immigration is tending steadily in the wrong direction, is bringing us a class of people who will eventually prove a heavy public burden. Italy, Russia and Poland are steadily ridding themselves of the dregs of their population, and we are being honored with their presence. In the month of January, 1890, the number of Italians who landed in this country was 10,440. In the correspond ing month of the present year. the rec ords show the arrival of 27,282 newcom ers from Italian shores. Russian immi gration, within the same time, has swelled its number from 16,700 to 23,000, and the Polish arrivals have risen from 2,600 to 12,300. No citizen of this coun try wishes to object to an Italian, be cause he is an Italian. But costly ex perience has taught us that our im ported specimens represent neither the bone nor the brain of their native coun try. They come to the United States as to an asylum for incompetents, and they severally handicap the wage earning power of better men than them selves. The Russians and Poles are all m the same boat. Even Germany, which has sent us so many splendid specimens of stalwart and brainy man hood, is falling off in its human exports, and for several years Irish, Scotch and English immigration has shown a de cided tendency to decrease. It is useless crying out for more radi cal legislation. We have enough of that already. The recent measure, which went into force last month, provides the proper officials with full powers to shut out from this country every undesirable .individual whom the steamships bring to it. What we want and what we must have is the enforcement of the law. The steamship companies must be taught and taught efiectively that the country means business in this matter of unde sirable immigration. The law declares that all paupers, criminals, and diseased persons must be returned to the place from which they came by the steamship company that brings them here. Within the past month, several companies have openly violated the enactment by con oiving at the escape of individuals to whom officials refused admission. It is sincerely to be hoped that on their next return to this country the captains of the offending lines will find out just what the law means, and what the pen alty for its violation is. TRE SCOTCH IRISH CON(.REss. p The third annual congress of the Scotch-Irish Society of America which 94 meets in Louisville on Thursday will t! bring together a most remarkable and p interesting body of men of this hardy C stock. Robert Bonner, of New York, is to preside, Col. Alex. K. McClure, of the R Philadelphia Times, will deliver an ad dress, and other speakers will be such men as Senator A. P. Gorman, Joseph Medill, of the Chicago Tribune, the Rev. Dr. John Hall, Henry Watterson, of the a Louisville Courier-Journal, Gen. A. E. f Stevenson, of Illinois, and many others who have played a conspicuous part in the national arena. It is hard to find a field, in fact, in which the men of this race have not borne a prominent part, not as class or clan, but as American citizens. The governor of Tennessee in calling attention to the congress takes honorable pride in the fact that from this blood his state got Andrew .J acksoiin, James K. Polk, Sam Houston and Davy r Crockett, while the Scotch Irish gov- 1 ernor of Ohio, in an address to the peo pie of that state, thus adds to tho list: Had it not been for the daring sad skill at arms of George Itogeis Clark, who was sent to the Ohio country duriun the revolu tionary war by Patrick Henry, also of the intrepid blood, and who wrested the North I west territory from the British, it is quite likely that the southern boundary of Can ada would be the Ohio river instead of Lake Erie. Ohio is also indebted to the greatest Scotch-Irishman of them all, Thomas Jef ferson, for the articles of cession by the. state of Virginia to the federal government, in which it was provided that there should be no slavery in the territory after the year 1800, the first emanoipation proclamation in America. Not only this, but our irst governor, Arthur St. Clair, was of this blood. And how great is our indebtedness to the memory of such men as Gen. An thony Wayne, Col. Johnson and Simon Kenton, whose bravery made O(hi a pos uible haven of peace for the pioneer. We are indebted to this blood for many of our governors whose wise administrations and epleadid statesmanship aided in maling Ohio one of the greatest of the sisterhood of states. In this list are included Jere miLto Morrow, than whom no one did more for the state; Allen Trimule, a statesman of perception and perseverance, the father of our publio school system, which was afterwards perfected by the noble Scotch Irishatateaman, .ainmuel Galloway; Duncan MeArtbhr, John Vance, WVdson Shannon. M (sa ative-born to fill the ollice; ie, e Coerw, Iobert Luoas, beebury Ford, William McGill, Reuben Wood. R1. B. Hayes and others. TBis blood gave the itate seventeen supreme judges under the old censtitution, and a majority of her rep resentatives in congraa.. It gave us sach editors as Dr. CC (, Beatty, Sam Galloway, W. H. McGaffy and Prof. Ray, the author of the celebrated arithmetics that bear his name, and while MeCormsa, of Virginia. iavented the mowing machine, it remained for a Buckeye SBotoh-lrishman, John Long, to perfect it. They gave to New York her most noted editor. They gave to the M. 1E. church Matthew Simpson, her most noted bishop. They gave to Indiana her Hend ricks and McoDonald: to the United States army Gen. Grant, the greatest captain de veloped by modern warfare: to the federal army Phil. Sheridan, the fighting MeCooks. They gave to the United States three presi dents, Grant, Hayes and Harrison. They were with Scott and Taylor in Mexico; with Sam Houston in 'Texas; with Jackson in Florida; with Grant and Sherman, with Lee and Jackson in the late war between the states. Montana, too, and her new sister states in the northwest have drawn from this sturdy stock many of their pioneers and foremost men and our peb ple join in the warm greeting that will go from every state in the union to the men who, proud that they are of Scotch Irish blood, are Americans first of all and every time. Btr,ANt is not yet out of Mr. HIarri son's way and there's more trouble in sight. The New York Times says "It is said that Vice-President Morton has a presidential bee in his bonnet, and that Clarkson is well disposed toward him, and that the whole Blaine crowd and many of the anti-Harrison senators are almost ready to acquiesce. This ru mored disloyalty upon the part of the vice-president will, of course, be prompt ly attended to by Prince Russell HIarri son as soon as the rumor comes to his attention. Undoubtedly the announce ment will be made that Mr. Morton is loyal and absolutely to be depended up on. But all the same the story is likely to raise painful doubts in in the mind of a certain prominent Presbyterian elder." A prutIC spirited and humane citizen calls attention to the wanton killing of robins by thoughtless boys and author izes THE INDEPENDENT to say that he will pay ten dollars reward for evidence convicting any boy of such an act. Good ! Let vigorous measures be taken to preserve the feathered songsters of the city. Their destruction is a public loss. TxE Portland Oregonian quotes Pres ident Harrison as warmly in favor of uniting Portland and East Portland in one municipality. Now the burning ing question is, how does he stand on the proposition to annex Butte to Walk tined the issues of 1892 cannot take shape. ____ ____ TIHAT photograph of President Har rison standing beside a big mass of tin ore, which is being circulated as a pro teotionist card, leads the Chicago Times to suggest as a companion piece Secre tary Foster standing with his hand on an empty treasury safe. CROSS-CUTS. m No man can be made rich with money who would not also be rich without it.-- i Ram's Horn. st It doesn't require any backbone to vote rt for a salary grab. It takes cheek. That's i all.-Boston Herald. I Simkins-Do you and your wife get along tr well together? Hen Peck-She gets along r well enough, but 1 don't.--The Epoch. g' First Dispntant-Yon'ro a liar! a Second Disputant--That's all right, but b don't von call me a tariff lepublican. Epoch. Watts--Were not you an independendent n candidate for councilman once? Potts-Very much so. Nobody supported c me.-Indianapolis Journal. 'Tommy--"What sort of preachers are t called 'doctors,' pa?" I Pa-"The kind who practice what they f preach, my son."-Chiuago Hotel Reporter. I Chauncey Depew thus explains his ab- t sence from the tariff banquet: "I am a pro tectionist, and as such I felt that I ought to I protect myself against American wines and e cigars." Between old friends: He--"Why are you going to Europe?" She-"Frankly, so secure a husband. And you?" "To get away from my wif'."-New York Continent. "Bronson living? Why. I was told he fell at Gettysburg at the beginning of the light." S"Hie did, but he got right 1up again, and reached home befo e the news of the bat tle."-New York Hferald. Willie--"You'll have to watt some time yet. Sister has only got on her bonnet." Featherstone (who has invited her to go n to the play and is nervously waiting; "why, what else has she got to do?" R "She's got to look in the glass."-The it Clock Review. "That gas stove is a dandy," said the y agenut. "'ou can use it for heating pur poses in the winter-make your house warm as toast-and then in summer yoa can cook with it." "lHut it would be hot in suatmnir," said the customel'r. "Olh. no," returned the gepnt, "It hardly gives otit tany heat at all."--New Yoril Sun. "Bunko I]Bl." raid the old s-elller, "was aIt voery wicked ilman." "',teal horses?" aske.d a bystand, r. "WIorse'ni that," said the old settler. "( hieat at cards?" asked the Lv l sltander. "'' lrs:' n that," said the old so' tier again. '"liw could that be?" asked ie the bystander, and tile old settler replied: t, "Got caught."-~ utmarville .lournal." d )ld (;otroxr-So yo' want to marry mly ir daughter, do v~ou n aiiig (iottnix s, sir. st t)l (iitox -Veil,l don't know anything is abort v.u. (':uI vuu give me good refer i ences?' i- 'ung o otnix -Thut beot in the world. in ild (otr .-- Who? s Younig iotai--l our daushter--Boeton 'e Courier. ir ' h folliowing is vo,.ched for as a fact: id A Ilibhi'inal domest'sIic aik,'dl loave of abl ne sIone. tlhe thler dav iif lr Iiistr.es to ''Imeet ud Ie s bi other on thei ('epholnlv." ' Whell e- I'tdi'et return ld, the lady aslvkedl: "ltd io ,you liud vlir ibriti r?" And the rirl re nu i)pl :- "I a"l. I d id, 'n ",r,11 I ' t'a, d I w tas •r , to set hi ,. h .'ome"vhat iln (et',-', ,. th, nir as plover ':ski d- "Wlihat dies hel tbtnk of d, h- tg hi, r?" I, uhi h lri.tdg t replited a "Well, na'arti, t,'s It wak.ley oh",p ani' ulveri in n wsas i !ing do bIe tltlllitn' he'll e; go on theu rlltce.'"-- tlutl ColUsmecisal rl Bulletin. HETERODOX DR. BRIUGS. His Addrenss lesor the Untion Th tl1iil Seminary (ensured. Nuw Yoaa, May 11.-The committee of the New York Preshytery appointed to con sider the alleged heresy in thi address of Rev. Dr. Briggs before the Union Theologl. cal seminary, January 20 last, submitted their reports before the meeting of the Presbytery this afternoon. The majority report openly accuses Dr. Briggs of heresy and radical divergence from the belief of the church as stated in the Confession of Faith. It was signed by Rev. Dr. G. W. Birch, Rev. Dr. Jesse T. Forbes, Rev. Dr. Joseph J. Lamps and Prof. John J. Stevenson. The minority report was oresented ct lely by Rev. Dr. J. H. bolllwaine of the Church of the Covenant. Wialter Edwards. a law yer, who was also on the committee, de clined to sign either report. lie agrees with the majority report as to its first article, the sources of divine authority, and agrees with the minority on the other propositions. There was a large audience present when the Presbytery convened thisafternoon, in. eluding opponents and partisans of Dr. BriRgs, and there was much applause at different points in the debate. When routine business was taken up l)r. Hanstings arose and offered the resolutions setting forth the action of the Chester (Penn.) presbytery, which made the first complaint against Dr. Briggs, asking that the New York presbytery make overtures to the gen eral assembly to pronounce against the Chester presbytery, because it violated the constitutional rights of Briggs in declaring his views wrong while he is a mem ber of the New York 'resbytery in good standing; and violated the constitutional rights of the New York presbytery, which has sole jurisdiction over Briggs. Similar action was asked against other presbyleries which have followed the lead of Chester. Aftet a vigorous debate Hastings' resolution was defeated-fifty-six to fifty-seven. Then Dr. Briggs arose and read a lengthy protest against tte action of the presbytery of New York in appoint ing a committee of investigation on his inaugural address, etc., as unconstitu tional, as a violation of the usages of the denomination, and as a breach of justice and sound discipline. Hewenton to define at length each of these points. Among other things he said no previous intimation was given him by movers or supporters of the motion of intention to take such action against him. The committee was ap pointed in his absence, when ill, in contravention of decisions of the general assembly that no discussion ought to be al lowed "involving the character of an ab tent person." Furthermore, he had no op portunity for making any exnlanation to the presbytery such as might have made the appointment of the committee un necessary. He also argued on points of discipline based on Presbyterian doctrine and then, speaking impromptu, said the committee was illegal. He was prepared to name "certain individuals who have rashly, censoriously and maliciously instituted these charges." Here Dr. Briggs was called to a point of order. He said he had asked members of the presbytery again and again to charge him with heresy. He wanted an adjudica tion of the presbytery of the question, then let it go to the general assembly. What he complained of was that he recived no official intimation of the committee's appointment. Then Dr. Biroh arose to a question of privilege and said he had per sonally notified Dr. Briggs of the meeting of the committee and invited him to be present; that Briggs had declined, alleging ill-health and illegality of the committee. Then Dr. Briggs admitted receiving a letter from Birch, but said it was not official. After unintelligible wrangling over motions an adjournment was takenuntil to-morrow, the report of the committee being made the first order of the day. MILLER'S ASSOCIATION. Fitteenth Annual Meeting of the Associa tion in New York. NEw YORt, May l.--The fifteenth annual convention of the Miller's National associa tion began this afternoon, 250 members of the organization from all parts of the country being present. President James made his annual address, in which he mentioned that the present year had been a prosperous one and that the treasury was in good condition. The secretary's report showed the aggregate capacity of all mills run by members of the association on May 1, based on a conservative estimate, was 13.6,000 barrels for each twenty-four hours. The committee on WVest India flouring trade, appointed at the last convention, reported on the progress of reciprocity ne- - gotiations. In the report on matters of legislation, the secretary said the question of a uniform domestic bill of lading will be brought before the convention. A uniform export bill of lading has not yet been put in use, but the secretary had examined the form and finds it an improvement in many respects over the old. It is a receipt I for goods and contains an agreement to carry them with reasonable dispatch to the seaport and proffer them to steamship lines there under about the same condi tions contained in a domestic bill of lad ing. " I his simplities matters for us," says the secretary. "and locates responslbility for any obnoxious provisions that the bill may contain. If they be in the transporta tion section we can strive to correct them with the American railway, ant if in any other poition, and the steamship lines re fuse all concessions to us, we have some 1 evidence to substantiate our statements made to our foreign customers that their steamship companies are responsible for hardships -nufered." 3 CO)IEG(E LOCATION. k The Matter Will lie Hield in Abeyance Until tie '/st Inst. i The C(ongregational college committee a has viewed the sites proposed by the com peting towns and nothing further will be d done by the committee until the 21st, when a meeting will bhe held at Livingston and the site chosen. When the committee were at livingston last Saturday it was foond that the bids which had been offered were t not complete, and it was for the purpose of havilng thetl comply with the requirements - the adjorurnnent was taken. ltev. I". I . Kelsey, eDl).. who acted as secretary of o the cormmittee, furnishes tile following ex tract from his minutesconcerniing the ques tion of bids: le "We deem the bids now before us as in r- complete, and that we extend the time for *n the reception of sealed bids from the three ek competing points till May 21, 1891, and that we give the privilege to all parties of with drawing their bids and amending and re d newing themr at teat time. Voted that t lie nrlditied bids must lie in the hands of the y secretary by eight a.m., May 21, 1891." ill; WAS I'LEASED ITl'l'll IT. l C GenteraI Greeley MtakeRs ar Ilusper:tion .r'! dI tihe Signal (tlllce. l)uring his short stay in liliona on Sun ,lay, Chlrlf Signal Oflicer Greeley took a Siloo k at the he'adquarters of the weathter Sburerua in the ohutaini Natliunl batnk Sbuildinig. lie was very muach pleased with y the oillice and its location, and promised '-Iergicant Ilhobbs whatever was nIereded to put it in first class caondition. 11e regreted I that i"' was Ilnlrlrl to stop i In 11ellon for llany ler.ngthl of tlnlle, but had been away from .rhirngtor eight weeks on hli tour of Istitire ion atnd urgent lrusinres reertire, lithat he shnlri gt back t, the capital at Orirc'. lie went Iby way of the Great North. li un and will o 'itp it. Assrnrthbouse for a short tllln . (ien ar'll I ;r,.h Iy will decide oin this trip what stationsl shall be closed, where t: new onres ire nltcuensrry, or where aohingle - of lonatiul are desrlr' nblt.e. It Imay be stated it u author.ty thalt the Helena ollice will re is i S sIh tx stl ir'llrVt' r tIlt.r li Nllnlls |it i Ii, l ondl . If in pond water 5'yi should findi, revolt. d ing al.i. ly. - n,'-, i r roui l ballesif tile llye't: et 'aor grlt eolh,r, iand covere.l with a delic;t: 'll nete.rk, sit Htus itrad tabout themni ii ainy tHl blotk n It turlleltcopy. uudtr the hlltidlltd V\olrox. Enihdu may be seen smaller balls of the same kind By and by. the big ball will break orpn an the little ones each or watch +3l1 then (crow and prow, until in due time 1 . will break open too and still . nw er blls begion their rovlMl lives. Wherever two meshes of the countaing net cross are two hairs, so small that they are altogether invisible except under a power ful mteleroscope. These hairs, like theea on the voricellae, are used, in setearin food and in movmn about. Volvo, however, is clasified as a plant and not as an animal. I must not forget my friend the water bear. He is such a cooaical, olumsy fellow. He soe lowly 'about o his eight little feet, poking and plodding among the minute water plants, always sure of finding something good to eat. He is the very embodiment of indolent content. Yet for all he seems so satisfied with his lot in life, his personal apl.esranee is not always pleasing to himself, for at intervals he slips bodily out of his skin and appears in an entirely new suit, though I must confess the general style of the cast-off dress is retained. Instead of throwing the old suit aside, as certain bigger and elnusier creatures do, he gets out of it so deftly that it stands upright and complete, even to his four pairs of shooes. When the mother bear slips out of her old dress, she leaves some eggs in it. In a few days these batch and some baby bearabegin swimming around in the cast-off skin, Bnt only for a short time. They soon find their way to the feeding grounds, and at once begin climbing slowly about, and seem as muoh at home as are their parents.-Century. Held Up for $1.25. A report reached the police yesterday that a man had been held up on the line of the motor road the night before. The man was comaing home from the Broadwater, and stopped at the station near Kesaler'a to wait for the car. Two men approached him and one of them, disclaying a knife, gave the order to "hold up." The victim surrendered $1.25, all he had, and the rob bers left lint. If you have any clothing or furs that need making over. or roepire.l and cleaned in first clnss order. oend them to L. liobinsln, the prar tical tilor and furrier. 14 Main street, over 1. X, L Bazaar, HIelena, "1" rrn Real Estate and Mines. OFFICE: Easement Power Block, corner Sixth Avenue and Main Street, HELENA. REPORT OF THE CONDITION -OF THIE-, lelea tNational nk, At Helena. in the State of Mon tana. at the Close of Busi ness, May 4, 1891. I:l:soUR R's5 lio ,ats ll dii',ntiT ....... ... 7,1l, 90 (Irll l.v rll m1,I.rl dI and aiiruins iid. .184- 47 Ii i H. Io) " , ,. Iarl ir ll(lllll .. I.1i )ll tinr fl" rn t, , . ',l r lllrv nar tl ". . 1.A,771 nil lit," f,,,m ,hi r 1itanlal )ankn . "', 17,n Ii.i fiii -1 ai, laik".. anld ai ikern. I.I :31 Hlla klllIte Ill,,, fl x , anuallnd lix.lul 7 '-if 1I7 'illrr lnt xl 'li. a- anl tiaxin paid ... ,71 Ill$ n'r 'liilllil nn nll ... |.,ndl . .... ... 11., I1 1)0 ii h ka. dtl thxd r el i li itmi ....... 7,0i1 54 Iall- o if o ih r la ik . ........ .... 3.1,il* 00 I in tl i aln-r i l'rrency, niakilaj ,I '.,'r , ............... . l1411i50 SI1iii- j i.i... 11.1_:3 00 i ar, , rl eirxiiiiiil liii) :'.20 Ili1 Hlbl+.mlption funI wilh IU.H. .'lrIea' I r. lll l i" li rll" ' . ll " t irunintieni .... 2.250 4 0) t'lal .... .. ............. $7;9,5bU1 26 LI A ILLITI2I'. 'aliinl .iiir'k ilaii in ........... . il0O.,0l) 011 . ..... . I. Ill I rivis t iile-. 14, t111 (OS Nal it,',l Ila k i. t., , tni.ai dina.l . l... l.0 .. .$il1,kiO 78 I("r1:n d e'1 il- hl'ts,,- ,,f 410 ' iih nian r i l "fdglnaivni 40,285 1:1 " i-JliH r ai 1II.'k- moinutand ital .. ... 5 . II 9.594 Sle iof lin ati Ii natof Iwli and Ilarki. I. St~ ltili ANii'ri Ifliii alx"ix-inr.l lank +r. 'w , .iI -nitar t l In Il i til iia.llir t IN . rlihi I" II 1 Jiln ii l 11 i. k uw l l I '111 1i 11. 1 . IANK III AIII . I a! i-r. J3 IIII W IlIK(I. Nlia,, I'dl,' I 'lllN Ip.'I Al l .1 ,. HtlEll Yl ' I . A IIIlt. A. U. C'LEM l.NI .. Jl.ltucii. 2#GOB HAY RANGHESQ NEAR HELENA, + TO LE S ! .. ---APPLY TO WALLACE & THORNBURGH. First National Bank Building, - ----e , , MONEY To LOAN I am prepared to make loans promptly on IM PROVED PROPERTY in the CITY OF HELENA, -AND Janches in Montana. No delays. Funds always on hand. Correspond ence solicited. H. B. PALMER. Boo m 15, Merchants National Bank Bnilding MORTGAGE NOTES PURCHASED HOUSES! Large, Small, of Every Descrip tion. HOUSES! In All Parts of the City. HOUSES! For Sale and Rent. Prices $1,500 to $25,000. Rents $15 to $50 per month. " E. S. FRENII & CO." GOLD BLOCK. W. E. GOX, REAL ESTATE. Choice variety of Residence Lots " Several new Residences at Cost. BARGAIN-2,ooo acres of a land, thoroughly watered, with fine range; 500 head of cattle, 40 horses. Will sell together or separately at a great bargain. 4ooms 14 and 15, Gold Block. 'roCKuOLaI3U7] MEFrINO -TUE ANNUAI. is m ting of th, atorkh,,ldrr a of t|. Iruon Mountain compall will o hold at the -Mc.,,f th)e le.lillty, ty ums g and 1. hailny b.,ildinx, in Sthecritruo|,l msy Q oYnt., l'uaeday, May LI.a UI. at i o'arc k p. m.. for for. . leetia of aaren true tIer, to ..I" during th0,n.noinr ynear. ed tls transartwna of rnch other bursies Ia may o ,ralr rlmy Iae ,frrlr spaid nll tllng. Iral,'l e r boola I, wl Lbelsle uu OW .adanrwlay, ni I.i. N . A. LU~l. Macrataf. Lh. railt AT HOME TO ALL! We strive to make the man who drops. in to look and compare prices just as wel-4 come as if he were an old and steady pat ron. At all times the public is invited-to. make itself "At Home" here. With par donable pride we want everybody to see. our superb array of SPRING SUITS, SPRING PANTS, SPRING OVERCOATS, SPRING HATS, SPRING GLOVES.. We know there is nothing like them in town. We are just as proud of our low prices. We are agents for Dr. Jaeger's q/ s a KEIJ\1 Leading Hatters, Clothiers and Haber dashers.