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.EASTERN FRIENDS. W jINDP~DPR N. 0 VOL. XXXii.-NO 116. HELENA. MONTANA. FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 29, 1891. PRICE PIV IIIII ~IP~KLY ND~P~Mw-~ The Basis of Wealth. About Too years ago John Jacob Astor laid the foundation of the fortune which to-day ex ceeds that of any other in the United States. e-le realized that the little city on Manhattan Island would one day, be a great place, and all the surplus money he be came possessed of was put into real property. This policy the Astor family has pursued down to the present time, and it is esti mated that the income of the family every day 'in. the year from its real estate investments is $z,ooo. The Astors, while pur chasing inside property whenever it i3 desirable, do not by any means confine themselves to that class of investment. Only a year ago a purchase of property, a long distance from the' city prop er, was made for something like $2,000,000. Some improvements have since been undertaken, and it is estimated that to-day it is worth $3,000,000. Did the original John Jacob Astor live to-.O and visit Hel ena, he would .undoubtedly take the opportunity now offered to make investments in real estate in the Capital City. Bargains in real property can be had just now which in a month, when the build ing boom fairly starts, will be out of the question. We have now on our books a larger list ol property for sale than any other firm of real estate dealers in Hel ena, and there are in the list a great number of bargains-prop erties, which, if purchased now, will as surely increase in value a, the city is to grow, and tothe Hel. ena Astor there are investments which will pay a handsome in terest. Hundreds of men in Helenm are to-day paying rent who, by a little exertion and forethought. could own a house of their own, pleasantly and conveniently . lo cated. It is not too late, how ever, to make a start in this di. tion, and just now we are pre pared to offer a number of de cided bargains In this line. To the man of moderate means we say come anid see us, and if yot have any snap or vim in your make-up, inside of sixty days you will be paying for a house of your own, instead of adding to the in come of the Astors. Men of larger means, who desire a fin ished house, and do not care tc have the bother of building, will find on our lists some very de sirable and elegant residences, modernly built, ready for occu pancy, and which will be sold on easy terms. There comes a time in the career of almost every person, when, owing to some unlorseen circumstance, sickness or death, the chance to make a good in vestment, or the desire to im prove his or her home, it is nec essary to become a borrower. Under such circumstances it is not necessary for the man or woman who owns real estate to pay exorbitant rates of interest. We are the Helena agents of the Jarvis-Conklin Mortgage Trust Co., which has a capital of a mil lion and a half dollars, and are always ready to accommodate those who need financial assist ance. We have loaned money on Helena real estate all during the winter, and will continue to do it, at the lowest rate of inter est. ]orrowers are given every advantage consistent with sound usiness principles. Conveniently located on the round floor of the Bailey block, with commodious ofllices, a cor ial invitation is extended to vis tors to call and look ove- our ists. All the information in our osession in regard to the city nd state is at the disposal of hose unacquainted with Helena mid her re,'ources. A like cor lial invitation is extended to those -esidents of the city who desire o invest for speculation, to build tomes, or obtain loans on real a -state. teele& Clemenos, HE HAD DONE HIS DUTY. And Death Came Immediately Upon His Announcement to That Effect. Tragio End of the Life of Judge Breokenridge, of St. Louis. Stricken Down While Addressing the Pres byterlen Assembly-Proceedllngs of Various Religious Bodies. UIETaOIT, May 28.--Judge Breckenridge, of St. Louis, of the committee on theologi cal seminaries, while in the midst of a speech this afternoon, fell dead with heart disease. He was speaking in opposition to the motion for a committee, which involved a delay of a year. Judge Breckenridge stated the legal points in the case. "If we don't veto," he said, "we never can. Logan's amendment for deferring action is impracticable. We can do nothing wisely except disapprove. Without assigning other reasons, it does seem to me that the mind of the church has been anx ious for some months and we should relieve it." Breckenridge's last words were: "Now, gentlemen, I feel that I have dis charged my duty and wish to be excused from further speaking." Reaching for a glass of water he suddenly threw up his hands and fell to the floor, striking heavily on his head. He was hastily carried to an ante-room and physicians summoned. They found him dead. When this announce ment was made the assembly at once voted to adjourn for the day and instead of the banquet assigned for to-night, a prayer meeting was announced. A committee was appointed to make suitable arrangements for the transfer of the body to the last rest ing place, and brief speeches were deliv ered by several delegates. Mr. Brecken ridge was a son of Rev. Dr. J. W. Brecken ridge, who was a brother of the widely known Williamnand Robert Breckenridge. His mother was a daughter of Prof. Sam uel Miller, of Princeton. Gen. Alger, of Michigan, offered a special train to convey the remaine and committee to St. Louis. Mony delegates in conversation after ad journment recalled the similar sudden death of ex-Gov. Washburne at the meeting of the American board at Springfield, Muse., which so greatly softened the heated dis cussion then going on over dootninal mat tors. DR. BRIGGS' CASE. Diseussed at Length by the Assembly-The Drift Against Him. DITROIT, May 28.-After the usual pre liminaries at the Presbyterian general as sembly this morning, Dr. Patton spoke a few words explaining the committee on the Briggs case. He said: "You are no doubt ready to credit the old committee with a desire to do what is best. Recognizing our liability; to error we have had only the desire to do what is demanded by the exigencies of the case in a spirit of kind ness, and recognizing the rights of all per sons concerned. If the discussion brings new light we will welcome it. We are roeedy to give a reason for every decision we have made. We hope there will be Co lon, debate, although we are prepared for it.' Prof. Smith, of Lane seminary, said: "I have watched the controversy from the first, because I have been more interested than most. The almost omnipo tense of the religious press goes into all of our homes. Their editors magnify their influence. It is held to be nearly infallible. I desire to say nothing against these editors, but even religious editors cannot be specialists in all departments, and are liable to err. It may be they have misunderstood Dr. Briggs. The charge that he is unsound may bu based ,uson a misunderstanding. Some say he endorses the spiritual condition of Martitean. If Dr. Briggs can historically justify his position he has a right to hold it. A man must be proved unsound after careful trial, it needs be, in all church courts. But in a case like this a man is if charged with unsoundness, considered unsound from the first. 1 don't see that his ideas of the errancy of the Bible, the redemption of the race, and progressive sanctification after death, are not accord ing to standards. On a strict construction of the confession of course he is wrong, but will you who mean to make such a rad ical change in our confession as to say that all infants are saved, not leave a little mar gin for Dr. Briggs?" Dr. Lcgan, of Scranton, Pa., said the church asks, "Shall we not have a word of God that we can trust?" We are bound to say that we can't sustain Dr. Briggs in that choir. But having refused to confirm him lot us wait before taking irretrievable action." "A HEINOUS SCANDAL." The Conduct of Ministers Who Voted Harshly Characterized. rrTTcuno, Pa., May 23.-At to-day's ses sion of the general synod of the Reformed Presbyterian church, an overture from the general assembly of the Presbyterian church favoring the union of the two churches was referred to a special committee. The ques tion of the ministers suspended by the Pitts.bur.p presbytery for heresy in declaring for the right of suf frage, was next brought before the synod by memorials numerously signed, from the First, Sccond and Fourth Reformed Pres byterian congregations. The memorials characterized the action of the Pittsburg presbytery as unjust and without authori ty. If sustained by the synod it would re sult in killing all private opinion and would work great harm to the church. The memo rials were referred to the committee on church discipline, after a heated discussion. at the afternoon aession, by a vote of 12,) to to sixteen. 'The Pitteburg memorial libel ing the action of seven young ministers in voting; at an election as a "heinous scan dal," was adopted. A bitter di>cussion fol lowed, several members of the liberal minority prophesying a division. Tihe Pitteburg presbytery came off victorious, defeating a compromise pro osition -acnd securing an adjournment until to-morrow amid excitement. Will not Accept Civil Assistance. CtevLoANo, O., May 28.-At the second day's session of the general council of the Reformed Episcopal church, quite a discus sion was precipitated by the introduction of a resolution that the council put on record its distinct and emphatic opposition to the appropriation by civil authorities, national, state or municipal, of moneys or properties to ecclesiastic organizatione, and a fixed purpose not to ask or accept in the future any such appropriation. The reso lution was adopted. forty-eight to eighteen. Prolelyting Lutherans. Lirun.On, i'a., May 28.-At to-day's sea sion of the general synod of the Evangeli cal Lutheran church resolutions were adopted remonstrating against certain American denominations, under the name of foreign minesions, attetupting to secure the transfer of Lutheran people of Den mark. Norway and Sweden to their churches while there are millions of heathens still unreached by Cbristianity. The resolutions are to be sent to the authorities of the Methodist E fisopal. Baptist and Congre gationalint churches. Southern Presbyterlans. B$laxmanAM, Ala., May 29.-In the South ern Presbyterian assembly to-day a resolu tion was adopted declaring that church fairs and festivals are not proper means of raising money; also one calling on the World's fair to keep the gates closed on Sunday. United PresbyterIans. ParacevoN, May 28.-In the general as sembly of the United Presbyterian church to-day Rev. Wm. J. Reed. of Pittsburg, was re-elected principal clerk for the fifth term of four years. Mission and other boards reported showing encouraging progress. CLAGGETT VERY HOPEFUL. He Thinks He Can Show That He Is Idaho's Rightful Senator. BoIse CITY, Idaho, May 28.-William H. Claggett, who contests with the present in cumbent, Frederick T. Dubois, the honor of representing Idaho in the United States senate, has recently passed about six weeks in this city, and returned to his home in the northern part of Idaho last week. Since his return from Washington he seems to have the utmost confidence that he has the better claim, and will ultimately suc ceed in establishing his right to the full term senatorship. The legal points upon which he relies are: First, that the election for senator for the long term took place before the time fixed by law. The United States statutes govern ing such elections prescribe that they shall take place the second Tuesday after the or ganization. The legislature met on the 8th day of December, but did not organize un til the next day. The election took place on the 18th of De cember, whereas it should have been on the 23d. The Claggett men contend that this provision of the law is not merely directory but mandatory, and obedience to it is es santial to give the legislature jurisdiction in the matter of the election of a senator. The next point is that the two houses of the state legislature did not vote separately upon the senator for the long term before going into joint convention. The parties who had entered into a bargain and sale by the terms of which McConnel, Shoup and Duboise were to join forces and the three be elected at one time were warned in joint convention that they were taking a step full of peril to the latter. But the members generally had the utmost con tempt for lawyers. If Mr. Clagett were a democrat it is not believed that all the principles of law he could evoke would avail him, but he has been a life-long republican, and more than twenty years ago was the first delegate of that party ever elected to congress from Montana. Mr. Dubois has always expressed himself as in favor of the Force bill, while Mr. Clagett has been opposed to it. For this reason the democratic state central committee held a meeting about three weeks ago indorsing Mr. Clagett, which it is presumed will have its influence upon members of that party in the senate, while republicans who opposed the bill, particu larly those on the Pacific coast, are believed to be favorshle to Claggett. At all events, the opinion seems to be gaining ground that Mr. Dubois will lose his seat. BASE BALL GAMES. The Home Club Mentioned First in the Record Here Printed. IEAGUE CLUBs. Cincinnati 5, Philadelphia 6. Cleveland 4, Brooklyn 3. Chicago 3, New York 2. ASSOCIATION CLUBS. St. Louis 14. Washington 5. Baltimore-Postponed, rain. louisville 2, Athletic 7. Boston--Postponed, wet grounds. Graveseuld Races. GRAVESEND, May 28.-Sweepstakes for beaten horses, six furlongs-La Tosca won, Woodcutter second, Flavilla third. Time, 1:14k. Mile and one-sixteenth-Riley won, Ban quet second, Reclare third. Time, 1:49. May stakes, two-year-olds, six furlons St. Florian won. Nomad second, Airshatt third. Time, 1:16i4. Brookdalo handicap, one mile and one. eighth-Eon won. Judge Morrow seoond, King Thomas third. Time, 1:553. Two-year-olds that have not won at this meeting, five furlongs-Verbena won, Knapp -sennd, TLilly I. third. ''im,e 1:03. Sweepstakes, three-year-olds, one mile and one-sixteenth-Chatham won. Bolero second, Baldwin third. Time, 1:49%. Latonla Races. CINCINNATI, May 28.-Three years old and upward, one mile-Profligate won, Red Sign second, Linlithgow third. Time, 1:43%. Three years old and upward. one mile and seventy yards--esponse won, dleputation second, Allen Bane third. Tuie, 1:47 Three years old and upward, one mile and three-sixteenthe-Sportsman won, Rudolph second, Lonushot third. Time, 2:01hi. Two-year-old colts, five furlongs-Now ton won, Morrissey second, Gorman third. ''ime, 1:021. Two-year-olds, half a mile-John Berke ly won, Falero second, Ollie Glen third. Time, :49%. Chicago Races. COucAno, May 28.-Maidens, all ages, six furlongs-Lady Unde won, iHegen second. Upman third. 'Time. 1:I9. All ages, one mile-Insoleunce won, oe nounce second, Experience third. Time, 1:46.j. Two-year-old fillies, five-eighths of a mile-lanud Howard won, Addle second, Gray Goose third. Time, 1:05. Three-years-old and upwards, and mile and one-quarter-tMarmosa won, Carus sec ond, Osborne third. Time, 2:1t,. All ages, seven-eighths tof a mile-The Kaiser won, Blue Bauner second, Innocence third. Time, 1:34. A Wrestler Headed for Butte. ST. PAUL, May 28.--[Special.)-Charles Moth, the well known wrestler, arrived in St. Paul fronm Chicago to-day. He is on his way to lutte, Mont., where he will wrestle John King. The match will not come off for about three weeks, nnd in the mueanltime Moth will remain in St. Paul ancd Minne- i napolis. He is out with a challenge to meet all comers-Prof. Lewis, of Minneapolis, prererred, for a match from $50 to $100, at catch as-oatch-oan or of Gricoo-Roman style of wrestling. Abetted a F'atal Fight. LYNN, Mass., May 28.-Matthew McCann, I referee, and Andrew J. Gardiner, one of the managers of the fatal Burns-Tracy glove fight Monday night, have been ar rested, charged with aiding and abetting r the contest. t Funeral of J edge Taft. CINCINNATI, May 28.-The funeral of Judge Alphonso Taft took place here to- Ii day. It was attended by a large number of t prominent nmen from ditferent parts of the country. The interment took plnce in the family lot at Spring Grove cemetery. THE INEVITAI LE CRASH, Pessimistic Prophets Foretell Its Coming About the First of Next Month. Likely to Be Preoipitated by the Methods of a Russian Financier. Sorry Lot of the Amerlean Promoter That uItjlneas In Terrlhly Dead-Its Revival Problematleal. LoNDON, May 28.-The months of depres sion have reached their climax in the par tial failure of the Portuguese loan. All this week the Paris bourse has been fever ish and full of disquieting rumors. Pes simistic prophets foretell an inevitable crash when the Portuguese account comes to be settled at the beginning of June. French bankers have managed to scrape through and place their third of the loan. but there is a wonderful lack of confidence in Portugal's condition, as her people have been taxed beyond endurance and her bor rowing capacity is exhausted. Trouble is expected among the German banks who have failed to place Portuguese stock which they contracted to take and for which they must pay. Rumors have even asserted that Barons Alphonse and Gustave do Rothschild, of the Paris house had quar reled over questions of policy, and would dissolve, which report now takes the form of a statement that Baron Gustave has ceased to actively concern himself with the firm's business through ill health. Spain is in trouble and has proclaimed its pressing need of $20,000,0000 to pay for new railways and a new fleet. Italy is even worse off with a deficit of millions, as the last drop has been squeezed out of the popular orange by over-taxation, while the worst sign of all is that each tax brings in less than before. Customs receipts in April alone were $2,000,000 less than tie minister of finance ha d calculated, and the poverty and misery of the people, thousands of whom are in Rome without work or bread, are portent 0us. All the Latin countries, in fact-Euro pean and South American-seem to bemore or less in trouble, and quite equal of them selves to bringing about a great and phe nomenal crisis in the money market. Strange to say, however, they are likely to be assisted in this work by the queer finan ciering of M. Vishnegradski, Russian minis ter of finance. M. Vishnegradski ever since he assumed office has had one ambition, viz., to swell the value of the Russian ruble. This, by the aid of French financiers and through buying up Russian paper, he has succeeded in doing in spite of the bitter ob jections of all the exporters and manue facturers of his country. Vishneg adski, having now by financieta chicanery raised the valnue of the r,.b'e and of Russian securities to a degree entirely unwarranted by any increase of commercial prosperity or any certainty of peace, is struggling tooth and nail to maintain his position, and if he is forced to withdraw all the $65,000,000 which Rus sia had until recently in London, and which he has begun to drawupon, will probably bring about with a crash the over hanging panic. At any rate all financial talk is gloomy, and the money crisis has entirely put in abeyance any possibilities of war for some time to come. The troubles of nations are not particu larly melancholy, but their results in Lon don have been highly disastrous to an indi vidual in whom nearly all parts of America are interested. This indi vidual is the promoter. It will bhe learned with grief in New York and regret in Chicago and pain in out lying districts that the promoter is in avery bad way. A year ago there were thousands of him here rolling in money and bathing in rosewater and milk of a morning. He wore four-shilling orchids in his button hole, gave dinner parties at the Cafe Royal, whereat he inflated himself generously with '74 champagne as a preparation for a fifty-dollar limit in the small hours. He was the central figure in every city restau rant and every West End smoking room. His patent for making bricks without an atom of straw, his mine that had not yet burned down and his uavement that had not yet blown up were being swallowed by the ever credulous British public with rav enousness, and of all the beautiful products of American soil nothing could compare in effuleonce of growth and luxuri ance of foliage with the promoter. Now, however, he is sad. iHe is wearing his last summer's overcoat. Ito has given up his house or his flat, and he talks blankly over his whisky and soda of Mashonaland, Utopia and the Celestial City, all of them places in which there is rumor of the dis covery of that gold which is so painfully absent here. He is ready to go to any or all of these places at once, and if Messrs. Moody and Sankey, or any of their con freres, should now start a revival meeting based upon St. John's glittering vision of heaven some of the anxious inquirers would certainly be killed in a crush for front seats. The promoting businees, in fact, is terri bly dead. It was extraordinary while it lasted, and took anll enormous quantity of British gold to America for investments good and bad, but its day is over for a year at least, and its revival is very problemati cal. TWO WAYS. To Ameliorate the Unhappy Condition of Rutseian Jew's. PAIrs, May 28.--laron llirsch, in an in terview regarding his plans for the amelio ration of the condition of Hebrews in Itfs sin, said there were two ways to do it. 'Lhe first plan is to acquaint the czar with the truth in regard to the cruelties perpetrated daily in his name. The baron said he was convinced that an appeal to the czar's seutiments of justice, hu inanity and mercy would not lbe in vain. 'he other plan is that some order and muethod should be established il expelling lte liebiiews from Hailr.:r, lie continued nts follows: "If the illrUsian goverinment wanted to get rid of ia inilimoi lebrews, let its mnany million people who, like myself. are irepareed to lunk he h greatest sacrifices in their behalf, save thlun from privation, hardships, discomforts anid iickner. which would naturally a wholesale and disorgan ized expulsion." FOR CAI'TIVE WOMEN. Italialn Army fliieears Cast Lots-The Colonel' L elek. IROMu, May 28.--Tilhoaig the government absolutely denies the truth of the stories in regard to whioh Signor Imabrianl questioned the minister of war in thre chamber of dep uties, reflecting upon the conduct of army officers in Abyssinia toward native women, the following incident is known to have ocoeurred: After the cap ture of a rebel chief called Kantibay, live unltive womlen of remalkable conmeliness weres found in his harem and were sent by the Italian soldiers to Asmara, where the ofilcers drew lots for their pos session. The colonel of the regiment conducted the, drawing in person and his subordinates were not at all sur prised to find that he had been lucky enough to draw the prettiest .if the captives for himself. How many more such episodes have marked the history of the gallant Italian soldiery in East Africa no one knows but this particular narrative is cap able of documentary proof. The (Inod Templars. EDIrmnnnlr, May 28.-At the session of the 'Templars' congress to-day It was re solved that the organization hold a cele bration March 17 of each year In memory of J. B,. Finch. A ballot for the place in which the congress would hold a meeting in 1893 resulted in the selection of De, Moines, Ia., which received eight votes over all other places voted for. The American delegates expressed much satisfaction over the fact of the capital of a prohilition state being selected as the place of meeting. lfe Cast Anchors to Windward. CITY or Mexoio, May 28.--Senor Rojas. member of the lower house of congress and former judge of the supreme court, who was accused of theft, robbery, fraud and other crimes, and who claimed immu nity on the ground of being a deputy, has been tried before congress. It was decided to deprive him of his privileges as a con gressman and surrender him to the courts. French Tariff )till. PASTR, May 28.-The chamber of deputies to-day continued debate on the tariff bill, adopting the following duties recommended by the committee: Mutton, 32 francs. pork, 12 francs; beef, 25 francs; salted pork, ham and bacon, 20 francs, maximum; 15 francs, minimum; salted beef, 30 france maximum, 27 francs minimum. WIII Introduce a Bill. LoNDnos, May 28.---osohen, chancellor of the exchequer, in the commons this after noon gave notice that the government would introduce a bill on Monday next which would prohibit British subjects from catching teals in Bering sea for a period the extent of which will be stated later. Sir John Not Feeling Well. OTTAWA, Ont., May 28.-Sir John Mc Donald had an attack of indigestion yester day. The report that he had congestion of the lungs is incorrect. His condition is not in any way alarming. CASEY IUNAVENGED. Judge Shira. Decides That Be was Killed in War. Sioux FALLS, S. D., May 28.-Plenty Horses is a free Indian. No inkling of the sudden termination of the case had been given. At two o'clock, when court con vened, testimony being completed the at torneys were preparing to commence their arguments when Judge Shiras said: "There is no need of going further with this case. What I shall say is the opinion of this court, but not of my colleague. It is said on my own responsibility." The judge then said, in substance, that the guilt or innocence of the accused turned upon the question as to whether or not a state of actual war existed at the time of Casey's death. In the opinion of the court it had been shown beyond doubt that such a state of war did exist. Immediately upon adjournment Plenty Horses was surrounded by ladies and other spectators who shook hands with him for some time, after which he went to a hotel, where he spent some time writing auto graphs for bystanders. At noon to-day White Moon, the Cheyenne scout who was with Casey and who has been here as a wit ness. attempted suicide by stabbing himself in the back of the neck. He was homesick and despondent. He will recover. WORK REFUSED. Striking Miners Blacklisted by the Operat ors-Destitution. SCOTTDALE, Pa., May 28.-The rush of old men for work at the various plants contin ues. In most instances, however, they are turned off with an excuse and given to un derstand that their services are not needed. Hundreds of miners are drifting from one works to another in the hope of finding work, but everywhere they go they are met with the same statement, "No work now." This simply means that the blacklist has gone through the region, and a man refused at one works is certain to be refused at an other. As a result they are either prepar ing to leave the district for another field or are drifting aimlessly about, and more homes have been broken up by the strike that has just closed than by all strkes that preceded this gig:ntic failure. Reports are coming in hourly of the homeless destitu tion of hundreds of families. Resorting to Subterfuges. NEw ORLEANS., May 28.-When the Mc Crystal and O'Malley bribery cases were called to-day their attorney submitted a motion for a change of venue. The state introduced a number of witnesses, includ ing the leaders of the committee of safety. All testified that they believed the accused could obtain a fair trial here. Counsel for defense then abandoned the motion and gave notice of withdrawal of the plea of not guilty by his clients and stated that he would enter a demurrer similar to that sustained by the court in the case against Granger, in which information was quashed on the ground that the allegations set forth were not suflioiently specific. The oases went over till to-morrow. Will Be Represented. YANKTON, S. D., May 28.--The World's fair convention adjourned at noon after adopting a plan for raising funds for an exhibit at the World's fair in Chicago in 1893. The management of the whole matter has been left to a commission of eighteen men. The commission will communicate with every member of the last legislature and see if they will consent to attend a spe cial session of the legislature pledged to vote for an appropriation of $50,000. If they will the governor will call an early session. If the legislators fail to consent the commission will endeavor to raise $100, 000 by private subscription. Vletims of an Explosion. Fav.sroa'r. Ind., May 28.--Tbhe boiler in the saw mill of P. E. Kramer exploded this afternoon. Frank Bull and Ed Kunts were killed; Glenn Swearintor. William Davie and two sons of Engineer h1ull were fatally injured: Hlarvey Hutchison and lien Keys were dangerously hurt, and the engineer and fireman on a passing train were pain fully hurt by flying bricks. The mill is a complete wreck. Sunk in the lake. Cuan'Ao,. Ill., May 28.--The schooner Thomas Hume is believed to have gone down in Lake Michigan with all on borrd, involving the loss of seven lives. A dis patch received here to-day from the owners of the schooner, in Muskegon, reports that nothing has been seen of the craft since she left Chicago a week ago to-day. Afraid of the Soldiers. WAr.rL WALLT.A, Wash.. May 28.--she sheriff of this county has asked the gover nor to send arims and aimmunition, as an outbreak of soldiers is possible when some of their numler, who have been indicted for complicity in the Hunt lynching, are arrested. To-day the governor was sent the necessary order. PDOR LO NOT WELCOME South Dakota People Rabidly Op. posed to the Transfer or the Cheyennes. Senator Pettigrew Says Noble and Montana Have Conspired Against Them. The Same (.ntleman Scalps Little Chief Ben, of the White Iouse--Fren Sliver Coinage. WAsmNOTOr, May 28.-There will be a conflict between South Dakota and one wing of the government, if an attempt is made to move the Northern Cheyenne band of Indians from Montana to South Dakota. It is Secretary Noble's plan, as already tele graphed, to remove this band from Tongue River reservation in Montana, to Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. The commission that he has appointed to nego tiate with both bands for this removal, will leave Washington for the west on Friday. Senator Pettigrew has opposed this scheme from the start and said that he would fight it to the bitter end. lie says it would be a rank injustice to the Northern Cheyennes to remove them to South Dakota. His reasons are that the Sioux have been allotted all the land at Pine Ridge that is worth a picayune. If they are removed there is no possible chance for them to be come self-supporting. The result will be that the government will have to support them or they will starve. On theother hand, if they are allowed to remain where they are, the land they occupy can be irrigated and cultivated, so that they will be inde pendent of government support. Senator Pettigrew says that the consent of the Cheyennes can never be secured un less they are bribed or swindled. It will re quire force to remove them, and, before this method is resorted to, Pettigrew says he will be able to pass legislation thatwill pre vent Secretary Noble and Montanians from carrying out their scheme. Senator Pettigrew, who arrived in Wash ington last night, talked politics with con siderable freedom to-day. When asked his choice for the republican presidential nomination next year, he replied: "I simply want to say that if B.laine is the republican candidate he will have no trouble in carry ing every state in the west." "Can Harri son do likewise?" was asked. "I've noth ing to say to this question," came the smil ing reply. "I want to add that I have the highest regard for President Harrison. IHe has given the country a most excellent ad ministration." Mr. Pettigrew was asked the question: "If Harrison and Cleveland are opposing candidates and a new. party puts a new man of Senator Pelfer's otominence at the head of its ticket, what will be the result?" In reply he said: "It's my candid opinion that the contest would have to be settled in the house. The respit would probably seat Cleveland in the president's Chat:." ""Sup posing Blaine headed the republican ticket instead of Harrison, what then?" "Why the whole difficulty would be settled at the polls. Blaine would be the next presi dent." Senator Pettigrew also had something to say about the hobbies of the new people's p.:rty. "Their scheme," said he, "of hav ing the government loan money at two per cent. is ridiculous. In case such a ulan is carried out Uncle Sam would be obliged to adopt the money loaners' three hall sign, instead of the American eagle, as his insignia. Men who are advocating this plan are either dishonest or foolish. Those who have security could get all the govern ment bonds they wanted. The farmer who had no mortgage on his property could bor row money, but the farmer who was bur dened with mortgages could get nothinu. 'I his class, together with a large army of workingmen in this country, would become mere serfs." Senator Pettigrew says he is still an advo cate of free coinage, but does not believe it entirely necessary for the republican party's success in the next campaign to declare for free coinege, but both the east and west can be satisfied by having gold and silver placed on an equal footing. MEANS ARIITRtTION. State Department Ofticials Interpret Gos chen's Action that Way. WASmSOtION, May 2L.--The president this afternoon received a dispatch from Minister Lincoln at London saying oflicial notice had been given in the commons that a bill would be introduced on Monday to author ize the queen to prohibit British subjects from taking seals in Boring sea. 'rhe auestion engaged the presidelt's principal attention to-day and he had several confer ences with the cabinet. One point consid ered was the advisability ort sending war vessels to Bering sea to reinforce the reve nue cutters in preventing the taking of seals in case a closed season is decided upon. The fleet wotld, of course, co-opn-ate with English war ships now in those waters in the enforcement of the agree ment as concluded. It is understeod that the secretary of the navy reported that there are three naval vessels that could be prepared for this service without much de lay. News of Goschen's action was reoeive d with satisfaction at the state department. Generally it is taken as indication that the British government is preparing to accept the condition imposed by the rIresident as t reliminary to arbitration and to cause Brit ish vessels to refrain from sealing meantime. The fixed period for the cessation of sealing referred to by Coschen, probably means the remainder of this season. During this time the arbitrators (for it is to be presumed the British government's action carries with it the acceptance of the terms of arbitration held out by the president during the corre spondence) will have an oppolrtunity to try to reach an agreement. In the event that the point of arbitration is not reached, it may be that the salue time will be con iumed in sending an expert commission to Alaska to lnvestigate the actual con dition of rookeres i;ud settle the question which is still at isslao between the govern ments of treat lBritalu anid the United States as to whether what is known s. "pelagic sealing," or killing seal in the open sea ott their way to andt from shore sookeries. is fully as destructive of soltl life as line been reported by United States treasury agents. ihe revenue cutter Bear will sail from Seattle Saturday on her annual cruise In Alaskan waters. UNIVERSITY OF AMERICA. Preliminary Organization Effeeted at the Natlounal Capital. WrVasHtariNoI', May 28.-The organization of the American university has been ef fected. Among the incorporators are Gov. Pattison, of Peinnsylvania, Senator Mc Millan, of Michigan; Mark Itoyt, of New York; C. L. Wright, of Pennsylvania, Rep resentative Springer, of Illinois; Mrs. John A. Logan, of Washington. Mark Hoyt was elected president of the board and Bishop Hurst chascellor of the university. Among the trustees were Bishops Bowmans Newman, Vit cent and Wilson, and ~eoretary Prootor. The president and vice-Lj esident of theI chief jnutie of the mu and the speaker of the hodw atives, are ex-oMflo meumbe brothers made the flret on ward the erection of Epwoe meeting at Washington of je tore of the country has beme to consult about plans The trustees is broadly eatholio i being composed of trnreseo Presbyterians, P'roftemtalt]pisp tist and/Methodist Episeopal An appeal will shortly be in . American people for $5,00 0,000 for t..q commencement of work. Two Different Proposltlalon WhmenraToN, May 28,-tlle action of the Fronoh government Ain ing a warship at St. George's bI. - foundland, to prevent United Stales atW men from obtaining bait, it i"s daid. t state department that action taken nor can an opinion as to the of the oase be be given until further received. It has not vet been In to the department whether the waszsh prevented our fishermen from bt. or whether it has prevented Frenei tents from selling it. These are two distinct and different propoeitions, o 20 e : iryt case it might be taklen as n of authority over American clties . in the second case French aft might be exerting undeniable oi ' over French subjects. An Autocratic Martlae,. WAsnemrrow, May 28.-The war depar.. ment is now giving its attention to the ft duct of Capt. Markley, company I, Twenty$i fourth infantry, now at Ban Oarloe, ArIsr From time to time reports have beet Oi.m. ing in to the effect that this officer lti iug trouble with his command, and martial after court martial has bm.ot deredupon his instance to try enlited Finally it was charged bythe men th=t|4* officer was persecuntling them. Meei the newscame that the captain had t men under arrest. Seoretary Proctor self took cognizance of this extraord~nasy state of affaire and ordered the relea*oI the soldiers without court martial. It i now probable a court of inquiry will be or. dared, and if they so recommend a ooSN martial will follow. The Esmeralda Has Sailed. WAsnrerox, May 28.-Dr. soteldo, the Venezuelan minister here, informs the As' sociated press that dispatches received to day from reliable sources in Mexico state the Mexican government ordered the ai.r surgent Chilian cruiser Esmeralda to leavr the harbor of Acapulco. The commander of the vessel said that he was willing to leave, but his ship had no salls and Gould not depart without steam power. The govt ernment then allowed the Esmeralda t. take enough coal to carry the order into effeot. She received 210 tons, her ordinary consumption being fifty tons a day. Thh Esmeralda sailed on the 20th Inst., imua.e diately after receiving her coal allowanos, CHOTEAU FINANCES. To Be Investigated by the Grand Jutry at This Seseton. Font BENToN, May 28.-[Special.]--Thq term of diestrict court for Chotean ootsb y ' now .in session, promises to develop aoe interesting facts in connection with eoUnty financial affairs. This Aqbject has of late received considerable ~lse(oaln in the public press, add Judge Dabose brought i'~' to the attention of the grand jury in a charge which was a model of business brevity. The jury weroinstructed to inve. tigate the matter without prejudice or favor, and wherever shortcomings milgt be found, to bring in indictments against; the parties responsible. Subpuenas have been issued for the attendance of Barnard Brown and his assistants to explain their lengthy report, and it is also understood that the county commissioners and other officials will be called upon to give evidence bearing on the subject. The outcome of the investigation will be awaited with con aiderable interest. The Fort Blenton fire department will tender a reception and ball to visiting real dents of Chotean county on Friday evening, at the Grand Union hotel. Judge, jury, lawyers, litigants and peace officers will seek a temporary relief from the eares qf court business and join in the festivities of the occasion. The Big Steamn Plow,. MANHATTAr , May 28.--Speolal.]--The steam plow recently purchased by the Man.. hnttan Malting company commenced reg. , lar work yesterday, plowing thirty acres ln ten hours, twelve in the forenoon and eighteen in the afternoon. It runs about three and one-half miles an hour, cutting twelve twelve-inch furrows. On a test it plowed thirteen acres in three hours. The engines are strong and there is no troublei in keeping steam, the escape valve working most of the time. They burn very l11tt coal. The plow does work that six l and thirty-six horses have been dolng, a will be a great saving in expense. The en gine is called the Jacob Price field locomo-. tive. The inventor has been here for the past week. He left this evening for .aline, Wis. Preparations for Shearing. FoaT BaNTon, May 28.-[Special.]-.-.o.. tean county wool growers are busy mskldan preparations for shearing, which wll# be come general throughout this portion of the state about Juno 10. The wool clip tbkl year promises to be of exceptional quallty and condition, the heavy growth of grasl on the range preventing the acumm.latio0 of dirt and dust in the fleece, which has been a depreciating influence during tl past two seasons. The recent rains have also tended to partially oleanse the deeem and add considerably to its market value. Shepherd Returns to Demareville. DEManEsvLcs, May 25. - E[pecial.] - Charles M. Shepherd, the justice of the peace who was ordered to leave the Flat head country by citizens, returned here Monday night. At Missoula he bad war rants issued for the arrest of sixteen of Demereville's merchants and promahnent citizens. It is stated that the people here will not allow him to remain, and Impor tant developments are expected. False Eatries and Retures, P'ILADELPHIA.n May 28.--Francal W. Ken nedy, president of the suspended Spring Garden National bank, was arrested tliJ morning on a warrant charging hbl with making false entries in the books, false re turns to the comptroller of the eurre. and embezalement of the blank' Henry W. iKennedy, cashier of the basak e brother of the president, was algo charged with conspiracy to eo.aw same orimes. They were held 4w11. ; bonds to appear for pritmilety bl5 1 , - next Monday. halase Getting IDetter. Naw Youx, May M.-Dr. Dewll t morning that Blalae was gettig and would leave the i.y fo S ;,~ Me., early neat week.